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Overview

Anxiety - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Feelings of anxiety are very normal. Many people feel anxious during a nervous situation lie making an important decision or before taking a test. Whereas, anxiety disorders are different, thy cause immense distress and interfere with your daily life. These disorders are fatal mental illnesses and require psychiatric help as soon as possible.

Types of anxiety disorders:

  • Panic disorder- People who have this condition usually have episodes of terror that suddenly strike without any warning. Other signs of panic disorders are feeling of choking, heart palpitations, chest pain, immense sweating and a feeling of going crazy.
  • Social anxiety disorder- This is also known as social phobia. It involves self-consciousness and overwhelming worry about everyday social situations. This worry includes a fear of behaving in a way which can cause embarrassment or social ridicule.
  • Specific phobias- This is characterised by episodes of fear of a certain situation or object such as flying or heights. This fear can prevent you from performing day to day activities.
  • Generalised anxiety disorder- This form of anxiety disorder is characterised by unrealistic and excessive tension and worry, even if there is nothing to worry about.

What causes anxiety disorders?

The exact cause of anxiety disorder is still unknown. According to scientists, anxiety disorders are not caused due to poor upbringing, a character flaw or personal weakness. This disorder is caused due to changes in the environment and excessive stress. Anxiety disorders can also be inherited from your family member. A child is more prone to developing anxiety if both or one parent has anxiety issues. Emotional trauma due to a significant event can also trigger anxiety disorders.

Treatment of anxiety disorders:

  • Medications- Drugs and medicines like anxiety- reducing drugs, low-dose antipsychotics, anticonvulsant and antidepressants can reduce the symptoms of anxiety.
  • Psychotherapy- Usually psychotherapy addresses the emotional response. In this process, a trained professional helps people by talking and understanding their disorder.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy- This is a form of psychotherapy where the person is able to change and recognise behaviours and thought patterns which lead to troublesome feelings.
  • Lifestyle and Dietary Changes- For most people making changes in their diet and lifestyle can reduce symptoms of anxiety and stress.
  • Relaxation therapy- This is a very helpful and the most common therapy to deal with anxiety.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Panic Fear Uneasiness Cold sweats Trouble falling asleep Heart palpitation Dry mouth

Popular Health Tips

Feeling Angry - 12 Doctor Recommended Tips!

Dr. Mukesh Jha 86% (47 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Feeling Angry - 12 Doctor Recommended Tips!
Anger is good. It protects you. But intense, uncontrolled anger may destroy valuable relationships. Anger is a result of anxiety and fear. When we assume that our expectations will not be met, we become anxious. When we feel unsure about our own capabilities we become anxious. This anxiety creates fear. Anxiety comes from our beliefs. All beliefs can be modified. Anger has lots of energy. Avoid arguments/confrontations when you are very angry. When you are very angry you are likely to use rough language which may damage your relations and you are likely to behave impulsively. All this you might regret later on. Following are a few techniques which will help you to manage your anger in difficult situations : Sit down and have a glass of water, slowly. This will help you to calm down a little. Avoid or go away from that room or situation. Tell the people concerned, that you are angry and would like to discuss it some other time. Deep breathing exercises help a lot. Close your eyes, take 10 deep breaths, turn your attention towards your body. See what is happening to your body. Tell your body muscles to relax. If your heart is beating fast, if you are breathing fast, continue deep breathing, till it normalises. Now understand what is making you angry. Understand your own anxiety and fear related to the issue. Let the other person know how you are feeling . Start your statements, I feel hurt/insulted/let down/neglected etc. when you do this , instead of saying You hurt/neglect me . When you express your feeling in this manner, the other person does not feel blamed, which makes the other person more receptive. Focus on the current issue, don t bring in past situations. Tell the other person, what you want or expect, instead of telling what you do not want. E.G. Instead of saying I don t want you to go out now , say I would like you to stay at home today . Listen carefully what the other person wants to tell you. Give others a chance to voice their opinions. Make an eye contact and be firm but polite while communicating your point of view. Understand everyone s responsibility in the situation. Try to see, what is your share in the problematic situation? Work on that. Understand what change you want. Have realistic expectations from others and also from yourself.
4 people found this helpful

11 Ayurvedic Tips to Manage Stress and Anxiety!

Dr. Sanjay Maheshwari 92% (95 ratings)
BAMS
Ayurveda, Udaipur
11 Ayurvedic Tips to Manage Stress and Anxiety!
Stress is a very harmful all inclusive component of the human kind and can be good for us at times so that we can meet deadlines, but an excess of stretch can be very hurtful and can trade off our health physically, rationally, and emotionally. Depression is a very common and primarily created by stress. When we are bearing overabundance of stress, numerous frameworks in the body can be adversely influenced: the digestive framework and metabolic system, the cardiovascular system, the musculoskeletal framework, the nervous system and the immune system. Excess stretch can likewise affect our mental and emotional health, our relationships with others and additionally the well-being of our bones and make us age faster. Ayurveda offers a wonderful point of view on stress and depression management. Here are a few natural and Ayurvedic ways that can help relieve stress and depression: Basil leaves with Yogurt: Take ten or twelve basil leaves and blend them into yogurt. You can also add sugar to make it tastier. Blend this mix nicely to make a paste. Drink this paste to help get rid of stress. Fenugreek Seeds: Fenugreek seeds are the best type of herb to cure numerous kinds of diseases and infections. It is additionally extremely helpful during stress and depression. You can use it and feel its benefits. Take Chamomile tea: You can have chamomile tea. It is a successful treatment for depression. It can soothe your body from the inside and also help you sleep. Lemon Balm: Put on lemon balm to dispose off the tension and any kind of depression. It keeps up the nervous system working. Use ashwagandha: You can use ashwagandha to get alleviation from stress and depression. Lemon Juice: Drinking a glass of lemon juice every day is useful. Lemon is the best energizer for our body and keeps us on our feet while providing a cool feeling to the body from the inside. Almond with Milk: Take five to six almonds and drench into the water around evening time. Peel off and granulate them the next morning. Infuse this paste into a glass of tepid water. You can also add some honey or sugar to make it delicious. Triphala Powder: Using triphala with water around evening time is additionally helpful to recover from stress. Cardamom Seeds: You can take five to six cardamoms. Biting their seeds at whatever time in a day has been proven beneficial. Amla With Nutmeg: Take some juice of a crisp amla (Indian Gooseberry) and include a couple measure of nutmeg powder into it. Add some rock salt and blend them appropriately and drink it. Brahmi: Take a teaspoon of brahmi powder and swallow it with any natural liquid. It will help you channel your energy and work towards something more to distract yourself from stress. Yoga: For releasing stress, meditation and yoga are best.
3 people found this helpful

Domestic Violence - How It Can Kill Your Spirit?

Dr. Akshata Bhat 97% (1380 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Domestic Violence - How It Can Kill Your Spirit?
People who have been victims of domestic violence not only suffer physical abuse, but from emotional abuse as well, which may stay with them for their whole life. The trauma associated with domestic violence can be deep and takes time to heal even after the relationship with the perpetrator is over and there is no communication or contact between them. Emotional harm is greater than physical harm Women make up the significant majority of domestic violence victims. When they face violence within the home sphere, they experience a wide range of emotions like anger, sadness, powerlessness, fear, resentment, vindictiveness and much more. Physical violence not only harms their body, but their mind and spirit are equally wrecked as the memory of being physically subjugated scars them emotionally in a very deep manner and can take years to heal. Some of the long term impact of domestic violence on women is mentioned below. Physical Effects Any kind of physical injuries like bruises, cuts or dislocated joints and bones. Many women suffer from hearing impairment Loss of vision is also another effect Miscarriage or premature childbirth Sexually transmitted diseases A feeling of fatigue and weakness In certain cases, unreported domestic violence may result in homicide or murder which is the ultimate and most unfortunate manifestation of physical abuse gone too far, That is why it is important to seek help early on before things escalate too far. Mental Effects The mental effects of domestic violence take much longer time to recuperate from than the physical effects. If the shock is severe, it can render women mentally unstable for life in extreme cases. Even if a woman recovers from it, the emotional scar may remain and might manifest in the future. Depression: This is one of the worst mental effects of domestic violence is depression. The good news is depression is often temporary and can be cured. Signs of depression include a feeling of hopelessness, sadness, weight gain or loss, sleeplessness, loss of appetite and a consequent lack of interest in whatever you love to do. This can affect one s decision making ability and in extreme cases can render one suicidal. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: When you encounter any violent experience, then you are most likely to develop Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. The signs of this disorder include frequent flashbacks of the traumatic experience, nightmares and extreme anxiety. Women who face these kinds of traumatic experiences find it difficult to cope with their present situation for a while. Counselling and support from their loved ones can heal these problems fast. Other effects of domestic violence may also include seizures, addiction and substance abuse and fainting.
1 person found this helpful

Nutrition And Mental Health

Dr. Satheesh Nair S 89% (171 ratings)
Doctorate in Clinical Psychology, Mphil in Medical Psychology, PG Dip Edu Counselling , Certificate in Nutrition & Mental health, Consultant Clinical Psychologist
Psychologist, Trivandrum
Nutrition And Mental Health
There is increasing scientific evidence regarding the role of diet and micronutrients in the recovery from mental illness.Advantages are that it is nontoxic and acceptable to all and reduce stigma since it can be taken by all.Those with illness and those like to prevent illness. There are large number of studies in mainstream journals about its effect in reducing symptoms of depression anxiety and psychosis. For example omega 3 fatty acids are proved to be an all round nutrient particularly in mental healfth and brain health.There are about 27000 studies on the health benefits of fishoil suppliments.Likewise vitaminB12 deficiency manifests as depression,anxiety,memory loss and even psychotic symptoms.Chronic deficiency can cause dementia and Alzheimers . Mocronutrient suppliments are found to be reducing child behaviour problems,ADHD and impulsive reactions in children.J.Rucklidge,MTaylor etallJL of child and adol2015. Vitamin B3 is proved to be the only and wonderful vitamin in schizophrenia and congenital disorders. There is dearth of trainned professionals in nutrition and mental health so that service to public is less in this area.Data generation and trainning professionals are need of time.It is becomming highly promising in alleveating distress in mental and brain disorder.
3 people found this helpful

3 Mental Disorders That Genes Can Pass!

Dr. Vijayalakshmi Damera 90% (270 ratings)
Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
3 Mental Disorders That Genes Can Pass!
The risk of a mental illness increases, if one or more of your family members have a mental disorder, but this increased risk doesn't guarantee that you will develop a mental illness. Not only have some mental illnesses been found to be hereditary in nature, but certain studies have found that some major mental illnesses can be traced to the same genetic variations. Some hereditary psychiatric disorders are: Obsessive compulsive disorder: Obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD is a disorder of the brain and behavior. A person suffering from OCD has uncontrollable, recurring thoughts and behaviors they cannot stop repeating. Ocd also causes severe anxiety in such people. In 2000, a study conducted by researchers in Washington d. C. And Baltimore concluded that having one or more ocd family member (s) may increase the chances of you developing it too. In 2010, a study tracked down possible chromosomes that may be responsible for OCD. Schizophrenia: Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness that affects and dictates how a person feels, thinks and behaves. Those suffering from schizophrenia may lose touch with reality and experience delusions, hallucinations, thought disorders and movement disorders. It has been seen that people who have an identical twin with schizophrenia are 50% more likely to develop the disorder and those who have one parent suffering from schizophrenia are 18% more likely to inherit the illness. Depression: Major depression or clinical depression is a common though severe mood disorder. It is characterized by an episode of sadness or apathy along with other symptoms that last at least for two consecutive weeks. Those suffering from depression may feel helpless and worthless, lose all interest in daily activities or activities they used to enjoy and feel unable to take part in normal day-to-day activities. Other symptoms of depression also include sleep pattern and appetite changes, chronic fatigue, concentration or focus problems and physical discomfort. Some patients with depression may become suicidal. In 2011, a study pinned down a specific chromosome that may trigger depression development. Research on the hereditary properties of depression within families shows that some people are more prone to develop the disorder than others. If you have a parent or sibling that suffers from depression, you might be 1.5 to 3 times more likely to develop depression than those who do not have a close family member suffering from this condition. You are also more prone to developing bipolar disorder in such a scenario.
6 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

It is not possible to me to get a sound sleep. At night when I sleep my mind thinks all the night. That is why during work I fill anxiety, laziness and frustrated. Also I listen that small sleep leads to heart attack. So please help me to get a sound sleep like others peoples, like normal people.

Dr. Saul Pereira 93% (38518 ratings)
Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
Instead of worrying too much about causes, why don’t you implement some of my suggestions, because they work effectively. The lack of sleep, i.e. Sleep for less than 6 hours per night, is directly linked to about 86 diseases! So let us first focus on that. In your case particularly, do not sleep during the day; don’t even lie down. Go for regular exercise (breathing through your nostrils only) at a fixed time (at about 6 am) every day, whether you sleep or not. You must develop this habit of sleeping by 10 pm latest every night and wake up at a uniform time by 6 am every morning, even if you do not get sleep. If you do not get sleep, just lie down and if you have a bed lamp (or you could get one) lie down and read something light but not exciting. Your eyes will tire and you will fall asleep. If you like you may also put on light and soft music with the sleep function on. Depending on whether you are a visual or auditory person, you may watch TV in a lying down position until you feel sleepy. Have a warm bath before going to bed (for some people a cold bath at night seems to induce sleep! If you are one of them, please do so). Place the head side of your bed in a North-South position. The room must be as dark as possible and there should be no electronic items that give off even a light LED glow. There must be ample ventilation in the room. Avoid strong odors, except lavender, on your body or in the room, or on your sheets and clothes. There should not be any live plants in your bedroom. Sleep with the lightest of clothes or without any clothing. When lying down to sleep, lie down on your left ear as much as possible. Do not sleep directly under an overhead fan. You must eat a good breakfast, a fairly light lunch, and an early dinner, which should be a very light meal. Whatever you eat in the other meals, have only a pure carbohydrate meal at night with any vegetables, and preferably before 8 pm. Do not drink much liquids after or near about dinner time. When lying down to sleep you may use the 4-7-8 breathing pattern of sleep inducement i.e. Breathe in for four counts through your nostril only, hold for 7 counts, and exhale with a whoosh sound, through your mouth only, for 8 counts. Repeat this four times in the morning and just before you sleep at night. If you know Emotional Freedom Technique or EFT (check this out either on YouTube or Google), then please practice this too for sleep induction. Self-hypnosis and slow relaxation techniques, at night will be tremendously useful. Acupuncture or acupressure will both be very useful too. You can also try the 4-7-8 breathing pattern, which is to breathe in for four counts, hold your breath for 7 counts and exhale with a whoosh sound for 8 counts. This is to be four times at a time first thing in the morning and last thing at night, and any number of times during the day. While doing this exercise place the tip of your tongue on the roof of your mouth. The effects will be seen after a few days. Pray last thing at night before you sleep.
21 people found this helpful

Hi doctor, My name is SAKSHI. I am 24. I have been suffering from anxiety and depression from 3 years. I had went to several doctors but it was not cured. I am losing my memory day by day. I had heard that bacopa is good for anxiety and depression. Can I use it if yes how much mg I need to take daily. Is it safe.

Dr. Amit Agarwal 90% (656 ratings)
MSW, Clinical Hypnotherapy, MBA, Post Graduation in Counselling
Psychologist, Guwahati
I am not supposed to recommend you any medication, would instead suggest you to contact any qualified homeopath in your area or any psychiatrist. Alternatively you may join some form of yoga. Relaxation or meditation and also pursue your hobby, it would help you relax. If need be you may approach a counsellor, with whom you can share your thoughts freely.
4 people found this helpful

I have problem of thinking. Anxiety disturbing my lifestyle how much I want to quit but unable to stop thinking please help any medicine which help me to relax my mind.

Dr. Akshata Bhat 97% (1380 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Tremors, feeling anxious or nervous, sense of panic, sweating, increased heartbeat, feeling of impending doom, stomach discomfort, dizziness etc are signs of anxiety. These can be debilitating. If the anxiety us overwhelming, consult a psychiatrist at the earliest. With the right medication and counseling, it is likely your symptoms will improve.
3 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Is Anxiety Affecting Your Stamina?

Dr. Sudhakar Petkar 84% (680 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), L.C.P.S, PhD,D.P.S.M
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Surrounding yourself with red colour during sex increases your sexual stamina. True or false. Take the quiz to find out.
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Anxious all the time- What can be the reason?

Ms. Atika Shukla 87% (15 ratings)
Post Graduate Diploma in Pyschology
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It is impossible for a person to come out of anxiety disorder. True or False? Take this quiz to know now!
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How To Prevent An Emotional Meltdown?

Dr. Mehak Arora 92% (48 ratings)
MPhil Clinical Psychology, Masters in Psychology
Psychologist, Gurgaon
Your cold could be a sign of an imminent emotional breakdown and you can avoid it just by closing your eyes. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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A Guide to Borderline Personality Disorder

Dr. Mehak Arora 92% (48 ratings)
MPhil Clinical Psychology, Masters in Psychology
Psychologist, Gurgaon
If you are a woman and have faced childhood trauma, you are very likely to develop borderline personality disorder. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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Movie therapy for mental health

Dr. Saptarshi Adhikari 90% (88 ratings)
Masters of Philosphy, Master of Science, Bachelor of Sciences
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