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Anxiety - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Types of anxiety disorders:

  • Panic disorder- People who have this condition usually have episodes of terror that suddenly strike without any warning. Other signs of panic disorders are feeling of choking, heart palpitations, chest pain, immense sweating and a feeling of going crazy.
  • Social anxiety disorder- This is also known as social phobia. It involves self-consciousness and overwhelming worry about everyday social situations. This worry includes a fear of behaving in a way which can cause embarrassment or social ridicule.
  • Specific phobias- This is characterised by episodes of fear of a certain situation or object such as flying or heights. This fear can prevent you from performing day to day activities.
  • Generalised anxiety disorder- This form of anxiety disorder is characterised by unrealistic and excessive tension and worry, even if there is nothing to worry about.

What causes anxiety disorders?

The exact cause of anxiety disorder is still unknown. According to scientists, anxiety disorders are not caused due to poor upbringing, a character flaw or personal weakness. This disorder is caused due to changes in the environment and excessive stress. Anxiety disorders can also be inherited from your family member. A child is more prone to developing anxiety if both or one parent has anxiety issues. Emotional trauma due to a significant event can also trigger anxiety disorders.

Treatment of anxiety disorders:

  • Medications- Drugs and medicines like anxiety- reducing drugs, low-dose antipsychotics, anticonvulsant and antidepressants can reduce the symptoms of anxiety.
  • Psychotherapy- Usually psychotherapy addresses the emotional response. In this process, a trained professional helps people by talking and understanding their disorder.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy- This is a form of psychotherapy where the person is able to change and recognise behaviours and thought patterns which lead to troublesome feelings.
  • Lifestyle and Dietary Changes- For most people making changes in their diet and lifestyle can reduce symptoms of anxiety and stress.
  • Relaxation therapy- This is a very helpful and the most common therapy to deal with anxiety.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Panic Fear Uneasiness Cold sweats Trouble falling asleep Heart palpitation Dry mouth

Popular Health Tips

Being Paranoid - 10 Things You Need To Know About It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry, Master of Public Health (MPH) Sweden
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Being Paranoid - 10 Things You Need To Know About It!

Paranoia is a psychological condition that worries you, makes you nervous and afraid of your surroundings and your friends and relatives. Paranoia extends a vast field and here are 10 things you need to know to tackle and overcome paranoia.

  1. Be optimistic: Paranoia branches out of pessimism. When you tend to assume the worst of every situation, you will naturally become nervous and afraid of everything that befalls you. Be optimistic and face the situation head-on, reminding yourself that it is not as bad as it may seem and you have the power to overcome it.
  2. Do not obsess over every minute thing: Paranoia does not only mean that someone out there is after you, it also means the constant worry or feeling that someone will get you. The more you think about the negative things the more you will drown yourself in paranoia. But it is not impossible to overcome them. So keep a journal where you write down all the paranoid thoughts and check them later to see how baseless they were.
  3. Confide your thoughts to a confidante or a close friend: Keep a close friend whom you can trust and confide in him/her every detail of your thoughts. Listen to what feedback they have to offer and try to believe them.
  4. Keep yourself busy: Focus all your energy on some hobby or tasks that will keep your paranoid thoughts at bay. It can be anything, from playing an instrument to a healthy time at the gym.
  5. Ask yourself: Ask yourself whether anyone else cares about what you are caring right now. Everyone is busy with their life like you are and everyone has their own troubles to attend to.
  6. Find the root cause: It is essential for you to find out whether your paranoia is rooted in anxiety or not. Anxiety triggers paranoid thoughts; however, the two conditions are different and should be treated separately. Anxiety is your belief that you will die suddenly of a fatal disease, whereas paranoia will make you believe that your doctor is purposefully killing you.
  7. Paranoia comes in waves: The attack comes suddenly and with great vigor. You may just be enjoying a party and suddenly you are affected by a bout of paranoia.
  8. Plan ahead of the attack: If you are living alone, keep emergency contacts near you and the moment you feel any different, call your emergency contact.
  9. Medicate your paranoia: Antipsychotic medications such as Haldol and Loxapine work well to minimize the delusions and the hallucinations. However, never consume any medicine without the advice of the doctor.
  10. Seek professional help: A psychologist will be able to diagnose you better and give the necessary advice to contain your paranoia.
1 person found this helpful

Must Know Facts About Panic Anxiety Attacks!

BDS, Certification In Hypnotherapy, Certification In N.L.P, Certification In Gene & Behavior, Psychology At Work
Psychologist, Delhi
Must Know Facts About Panic Anxiety Attacks!

The panic attack may be  expressed  as a feeling of choking, palpitation , sweating , numbness or fear of approaching death

But here are some real time facts for those who consider themselves as a victim of panic attacks:

1. They are just like a  false fire  alarms triggered by your thoughts who are in anticipation of something bad!

Remember....There is no fire!

2. Every panic attack passes away without killing you ,leaving you just as you were!,   with some rest and water and may be an anti anxiety pill.

3. All the medical investigations almost everytime reveal that there is nothing wrong.

4. There is no pathology, it just indicates how uptight one is, how obsessed one is to avoid a negative outcome and how seriously tied up one is to each and every action

6. The build up to a panic attack is inability to let go of the persistent  fictional fearful thoughts

7. Panic attack is an anticipation of a bad event, which does not happen and eventually becomes worse than what was feared!

7.  There is a genetic pre-disposition to anxiety , when one accepts it, it just stays in one small corner of one's life, sharing a marginal space

9  The embarrasment of going to emergency ward after every attack and coming back with an anti anxiety pill and no heavyweight diagnosis has not sunken deep?

10. Lack of trust (in life , body's healing intelligence,  people etc ) could be a highest common factor in anxiety sufferers

11 One absolute truth abouth anxiety attack is that "it passes away " .

11. Are you still after all these years still taking your thoughts (that are telling you that something bad may happen) seriously !!


Apart from the psychiatric help in the form of anti-anxiety medicine which one may consider one does not have to do a thing!!

How not to do a thing?

a. No literature on anxiety, no self help , no tricks like meditation(which is suppression)

b. Not  dealing with those nasty thoughts, not giving them any significance or value

c. And finally no doctor hopping!!

As one shfits one's focus to do meaningful and fulfilling things, the ghost of anxiety passes away compaining of reduced attention!

3531 people found this helpful

Anxiety Disorder - Can It Be Cured?

M.S - Counselling & Psychotherapy, Post Graduate Diploma In Sexual & Reproductive Medicine, Certification In Counselling Process, LLB
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Anxiety Disorder - Can It Be Cured?

Constant apprehension, unpleasant thoughts and the constant feeling of unpleasantness is something most people suffer from. It takes a toll on the quality of life, reduces productivity and gives rise to a wide spectrum of physical and mental ailments. Anxiety urges one to resort to substance abuse, trauma, and depression that can ultimately end in self-harm.

Anxiety disorder or this perpetual panic is among the most common psychological disorders that affect 1 in every 13 people worldwide. The cause of anxiety can be physical, psychological or situational and can vastly change the life of a person. It leaves one feeling powerless and needs to be addressed as soon as possible. It is crucial to understand that anxiety is not a personal flaw but a result of some external or internal stimulus.

Signs of anxiety

To treat anxiety, one must first be able to recognize it. The stigma and shame associated with mental disorders often force one to hide the signs of anxiety. You or your loved ones are victims of anxiety disorder if they show the following signs:

• Excessive worrying
• Restlessness and lack of concentration
• Irritability
• Persistent Insomnia
• Panic attacks
Fear of Social Interactions

Treating anxiety disorder

• Anxiety disorder treatments have a high success rate, but 63% of the affected do not seek any help at all.
• There are various types of anxiety disorders that require a different approach for treatment. The types of anxiety disorder include General Anxiety Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder among others. This can affect anyone from any age group.
• Cognitive Behaviour Therapy is highly effective in treating anxiety by addressing the cause of anxiety and helping the patients to slowly change their thinking and behaviour pattern to feel better.
• Cognitive Behaviour Therapy allows the person suffering from anxiety disorders to keep a track of their improvement through records and encourages them to take steps towards faster recovery.
• 12 to 16 weeks of therapy can boost the self-confidence of individuals and empower them with coping skills for long-term benefit.

Anxiety is completely treatable if the person who is suffering can be provided with a proper support system, therapy and medication, if necessary. The only obstacle in the path of treating anxiety and related disorders is the social humiliation and shaming associated with mental health issues. We as a society need to extend hands of care and support to beat a disease that is spreading like malignancy and help the growing number of victims of anxiety disorders.

4437 people found this helpful

How An Abusive Relationship Affect Your Health?

Ph. D - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
How An Abusive Relationship Affect Your Health?

The effects of an abusive relationship are sometimes not visible until it is too late. While most of you will think of the emotional torture that the person goes through, there is more than what meets the eye. Imagine a female who is in a relationship with a guy who is very strict with finances. She might even be reluctant to ask for money so that she can buy her medicines regularly. For someone with asthma or epilepsy, this could be a devastating situation.

  1. Physical effects: Depending on how aggressive the person gets physically, the injuries could range from bruises to cuts to broken bones. There are instances of head injuries, and most partners suffer through in silence. When regularly subjected to abuse, the person could end up with chronic headaches, back pain, and digestive issues. They may not eat well or eat very poorly, leading to multiple health issues. In some cases, patients even fear from going to sleep as they feel scared of being raped or murdered. Regular medications may not be taken, which is very common and leads to various complications. For instance, not taking regular medications for diabetes can cause various complications.
  2. Emotional: Given that an abusive relationship is often suppressed, there is severe depression and anxiety that is beneath the surface. The person could become suicidal or get into substance abuse. There is low self-esteem and self-confidence in a person who is in an abusive relationship. This is worsened when the person who is abusing is around. The affected person would not be able to make decisions, feels tired, and has no zest for life. Worse is abuser convinces the other person that the problem lies with them. With kids around, the children could be subjected to long-term emotional damage. They could end up being rebels, get into bad company, get into substance abuse, feel neglected socially - and become anti-social.
  3. Social: A person in an abusive relationship often gets into isolation and tries to stay away from family and in particular friends. 

It is never too late to get out of an abusive relationship - seek help from an expert!

4607 people found this helpful

Anxiety Disorder - 4 Reasons You Should Get It Fixed Immediately!

M.S - Counselling & Psychotherapy, Post Graduate Diploma In Sexual & Reproductive Medicine, Certification In Counselling Process, LLB
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Anxiety Disorder - 4 Reasons You Should Get It Fixed Immediately!

Everyone feels anxious at some point of time or another. However, simply feeling anxious is quite different from what people with anxiety disorder feel on a daily basis. A number of conditions can be termed as anxiety disorders and all of them have an underlying trigger, which causes the nervousness, fear and terror, in certain situations.

However, people often disregard anxiety disorders as simple nervousness. Here are some reasons why anxiety disorders can be extremely serious and warrant immediate attention.

• Anxiety can cause chest pains

Anxiety disorders can cause severe chest pains in people who do not receive treatment for the condition. Over time, anxiety can lead to a condition known as coronary ischemia, which is responsible for the tightness in the chest. Apart from the chest pains, the anxiety can also cause back and headaches.

• Anxiety can lead to heart disease

People suffering from anxiety disorders are also much more likely to develop increased heart rate. Heart attack and hypertension risks also increase with the continuous anxiety. A survey suggests that anxiety increases the chances of death from heart-related disorders by a whopping 48%.

• Development of depression

Anxiety disorders are often so severe that it prevents people from having a good night’s sleep. The constant fear and tension can be difficult to bear. Additionally, if your anxiety results from a deep-rooted social phobia, you may also be unable to interact and mix with people around you, leading you to become isolated. All of these factors can cause depression, which may require separate treatment.

• Inability to concentrate

Since the mind is constantly focused on the reason for the anxiety, patients may be unable to focus on the day-to-day happenings around them. For instance, a student may be unable to study, while an employee will be unable to deliver work properly due to the lack of concentration.

Therefore, it is evident that anxiety disorders can play spoilsport with your life, which is why you need to seek proper treatment for the condition and not disregard the problem. While there are certain medications to control your anxiety attacks, most doctors these days recommend therapeutic treatment to help you cope with the condition.

Popular Questions & Answers

My son age 37 has anxiety depression fear and too much thoughts he was taken venlor 150 mg twice for six months before 8 months stop that because he had no and obesity but his condition no improve now psychiatrist gave him vilodon20 tofijoy50 pipra-a-5 is it correct for him I am too much tense please advise.

Masters in Clinical Psychology, Masters in Applied Psychology, Bachelor with Psychology
Psychologist, Indore
He should take some psychotherapy sessions with medicines. Psychotherapy and counseling is more effective in anxiety and depression. Combination of medicine and psychotherapy is better then only medicine in anxiety and depression.
1 person found this helpful

Nexito 5 mg given by psychiatrist for social anxiety and panic disorder (symptoms like facial sweating when anxious, ghabrahat/palpitations, nervousness,avoid social gathering due to anxiety) so I take nexito 5 mg daily at night from 30 days but there is no improvement .so what can I do?

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Dear lybrate-user, there are a lot of things that can help you out. Starting off please talk to your doctor about a more optimal dose for you. Enquire about behavioral therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. A quick google search should give you a number of workbooks that will focus on anxiety. Pick one and complete it. Start focusing on your lifestyle, exercise will help. All the best and have a great life.

I am suffering from anxiety and depression. Doctor has prescribed me vilazodone 20 mg and etizolam 5 mg with propranolol 20 mg. Can I take etilaam pro 20 regularly for more than month.

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Jaipur
Yes you can take etilaam pro, however if you start feeling improvement in anxiety symptoms you should slowly tapper down the dose of etilaam pro tablet and try to stop it once you are comfortable rather than taking it for long time and stay on vilazodone alone for few months.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

Types of anxiety disorders:
What causes anxiety disorders?
Treatment of anxiety disorders:
Play video
Depression And Anxiety In Children
Depression in children and young people affect people from ages 5 to 18. About one in four children in India suffer from childhood depression. Boys and girls up to the age of 10 and 16 respectively, are more prone to depression. As per the report released by WHO, among 10 South-East Asian countries, India has the highest suicide rate.
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Anxiety, Panic & Phobia
Being constantly anxious impairs work performance and creates havoc in relationships. The best way to deal with it to accept that it is only a temporary phase which everyone faces. If you keep worrying and try to fight it, you will become even more anxious and your health will become even worse.
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Stress And Anxiety Among Medical Professionals
Stress is your body s way of responding to any kind of threat or demand. The stress response if the body s way of protecting you in every problematic situation. Anxiety, on the other hand, is a general term for many disorders that can cause worrying, apprehension, fear and nervousness. It can also cause physical symptoms.
Play video
Postpartum Depression Or Postnatal Depression
Hello Everyone!

My name is Dr. Aparna Deshmukh. I am a consultant psychiatrist sexologist. Today I will be talking on postpartum depression or postnatal depression. Postpartum depression is a mood disorder which is characterised by depressive symptoms in the period that follows childbirth in either of the parents. More commonly in mothers. It is important to know about postpartum depression because no.1 is common. About 15% of women suffer from postpartum depression in the postnatal period. Secondly, not only it is important from the point of view mother s mental health but mother who suffers postpartum depression is unable to care for her infant effectively.

And it leads to profound effect, mental health and well-being of the child in the future too. And thirdly, in postpartum depression in its severe form which is postpartum psychosis, the mothers may have thoughts of harming their infants. And they may actually act upon this thought leading to actual harm to an infant and in some cases even death. So how do patients with postpartum depression presents. The postpartum depression onset is usually 2 weeks to 1 month after delivery or sometimes even miscarriage. Some professional even diagnose it after 1 year of child birth. Here the patient typically presents with behaviour and cognitive symptoms. The emotional symptoms include the patient saying that they are sad, sometimes they feel empty inside.

Some patients are irritable, and they get angry on trivial issues. On the other hands. Some patients become lethargic and complaint of low energy or loss of pleasure, loss of interest, loss of enthusiasm. And some patients become withdrawn, non-communicative. In different towards their infant. And in general, they have this fear and worry that they would not be able to care for their infant which leads to a feeling of inadequacy. And sometimes inappropriate guilt and sheen. Many patient s complaints about a loss of concentration, poor memory that they are not able to take their decisions. The decision-making capacity has been reduced. Or they are unable to think clearly. Some have thoughts of hopelessness or helplessness. And even worklessness. And some patients in their severe illnesses may also have thoughts of humming themselves or even others.

The relatives might notice that the patient has either become withdrawn or non-communicative or they may feel that the patient is overwhelmed and anxious. They may notice that the patient is very lethargic. Or some patients, they sleep a lot. Mostly the whole day. And some patients do not sleep at all. So, sleep patterns may vary depending on the patient. Even the appetite changes are noticed in some patient. The severe form of postpartum depression that I was saying formally postpartum psychosis. Now in postpartum psychosis other than these symptoms, there is also presence of psychotic symptoms. These includes suspiciousness towards family member that they will harm them which leads to an agitative and aggressive behaviour of the patients. Sometimes the patient hallucinates i.e. the hear of voices that are inaudible to others. And the relatives may notice that the patient muttering to self, talking to self. Sometimes patient may also have excessive physical activities. Or they may talk excessively or there is the running of thoughts in their mind. So, these symptoms may also be the part of postpartum psychosis.

Another entity, that needs to be differentiated postpartum depression is postpartum blues or baby blues. Now this entity is more common. But fortunately, it is a milder form. And the depressive symptoms are milder. Patient may complaint of depressed mood, fluctuating moods, irritability, change in sleep and appetite pattern. But the good thing is that it is self-limiting. However, in some cases postpartum blues may progress to postpartum depression. So, how common is postpartum depression? Like I said 15% of women in their postnatal period suffer from postnatal depression. However, postpartum psychosis is rarer. Postpartum blues on the other hand much more common. Affecting 50-70% of the women in the postnatal period. What causes postnatal depression?

There are multiple factors: biological, psychological, social factors. Usually it is an interplay between these factors. Sometimes the combination of these factors that leads to postpartum depression. So, the hormonal changes that occur during and after pregnancy, the sleep deprivation, the emotional and physical stress of childbirth, the added responsibility of the child and poor social and family support can lead to postpartum depression. So, how do we treat postpartum depression? In mild cases, like psychotherapy like counseling helps but modern to severe cases the anti-depressants are the main stay of treatment. In postpartum psychosis. Antipsychotic medication is also prescribed. In severe cases, electroconvulsive therapy is also recommended.

Psychotherapy can be combining with the biological therapy. Mainly cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy helps. Counseling and peer support group are also recommended. So, these were the some of the basic questions that I tried to answer about postpartum depression.

For any more information or to book an appointment with me, please contact me through
Play video
Increased Anxiety In Expectant Parents || Causes & Remedies
Hello friends!

I am Dr Nisha Agarwal working as Head of the department in obstetrics and gynaecology at VPS Rockland Hospital, Manesar. As an obstetrician, I routinely treat pregnant ladies.

In last few years I have realised that there is a lot of increase in the anxiety of expecting parents, what about my pregnancy what about medical complications, whether it would be a vaginal delivery or caesarean sections and lot many more. I don't blame them, actually we are living in a digitalised where lots of information is available and we read them and interpret them accordingly. I feel most of us have actually forgotten the true meaning of pregnancy and childbirth, to relieve all this anxiety and to make them independent to tackle are their delivery and pregnancy related issues I teach birth prep classes to my parents. In these classes, I teach them about birth Psychology, after attending these classes expecting parents especially husbands they understand their rule during these 9 months and they are able to make this beautiful journey, as a smooth and peaceful as it should be. As a gynecologist I come across problems like menstrual disorders, ovarian cyst, uterine fibroids and many more, many of times we need to do surgical procedures for these kinds of problems. Here I would like to say the progress in medical science is a boon to humanity and especially for women. Gone are the days when you have to be at the month of open surgery, these days we do all gynaecological procedures by a laparoscopic technique. We all know in laparoscopy we do not cut open your abdomen in fact, we made two or three small holes through which we pass our instruments and complete the procedures via these pores only. In the laparoscopy we get a very magnifying view because of which the injury to adjacent discharge is very much reduced, blood loss is quite minimised and in all these ultimately lead to very short stay in the hospital, the post of pain is very less and the recovery is very fast and you can resume your routine activities very soon. In fact, in few surgeries, we do it as a day care procedures, where we admit you and discharge on the same day and you can resume your all routine activities from the very next day. Here at VPS Rockland Hospital, I do all ovarian cyst removals, fibroid removal, hysterectomies and even gynaecological Cancer Surgery via this technique. We also treat couples who are not able to conceive for these kinds of patients I do detail consultation and then try to find out the cause and then treat them accordingly. Here at this hospital, we are doing all procedures like oblation destruction, intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilization too. But many of times we found there is no cause and actually it is your dietary pattern, your lifestyle changes and day to day stress in your life which is leading to all these problems.

So whenever you go for these treatments please work on these issues also along with heart treatment for any further queries or enquiries you can contact me on lybrate. Thank you.
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