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Anxiety - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Feelings of anxiety are very normal. Many people feel anxious during a nervous situation lie making an important decision or before taking a test. Whereas, anxiety disorders are different, thy cause immense distress and interfere with your daily life. These disorders are fatal mental illnesses and require psychiatric help as soon as possible.

Types of anxiety disorders:

  • Panic disorder- People who have this condition usually have episodes of terror that suddenly strike without any warning. Other signs of panic disorders are feeling of choking, heart palpitations, chest pain, immense sweating and a feeling of going crazy.
  • Social anxiety disorder- This is also known as social phobia. It involves self-consciousness and overwhelming worry about everyday social situations. This worry includes a fear of behaving in a way which can cause embarrassment or social ridicule.
  • Specific phobias- This is characterised by episodes of fear of a certain situation or object such as flying or heights. This fear can prevent you from performing day to day activities.
  • Generalised anxiety disorder- This form of anxiety disorder is characterised by unrealistic and excessive tension and worry, even if there is nothing to worry about.

What causes anxiety disorders?

The exact cause of anxiety disorder is still unknown. According to scientists, anxiety disorders are not caused due to poor upbringing, a character flaw or personal weakness. This disorder is caused due to changes in the environment and excessive stress. Anxiety disorders can also be inherited from your family member. A child is more prone to developing anxiety if both or one parent has anxiety issues. Emotional trauma due to a significant event can also trigger anxiety disorders.

Treatment of anxiety disorders:

  • Medications- Drugs and medicines like anxiety- reducing drugs, low-dose antipsychotics, anticonvulsant and antidepressants can reduce the symptoms of anxiety.
  • Psychotherapy- Usually psychotherapy addresses the emotional response. In this process, a trained professional helps people by talking and understanding their disorder.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy- This is a form of psychotherapy where the person is able to change and recognise behaviours and thought patterns which lead to troublesome feelings.
  • Lifestyle and Dietary Changes- For most people making changes in their diet and lifestyle can reduce symptoms of anxiety and stress.
  • Relaxation therapy- This is a very helpful and the most common therapy to deal with anxiety.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Panic Fear Uneasiness Cold sweats Trouble falling asleep Heart palpitation Dry mouth

Popular Health Tips

Dealing With Anxiety And Depression

Dr. Sneha Khelani 86% (10 ratings)
PG Diploma In Counselling
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Dealing With Anxiety And Depression
Welcome humor. A good laugh goes a long way. Maintain a positive attitude. Make an effort to replace negative thoughts with positive ones. Accept that you cannot control everything. Put your stress in perspective: Is it really as bad as you think? Exercise daily to help you feel good and maintain your health. Check out the fitness tips below. Thoughts: Do not let your thoughts control you. Defuse your thoughts by saying "it's just a Thought". You have a choice. You have two sides of subpersonality one who says "I'm deprssed" and the other says " You are fine" which one is stronger ?? :- Its the one you feed...! Symptoms: Just like anyother deseases example Fever , cold there are symptoms which will make your psychologically weak and it can be cure since you have identified that those are symptoms of fever and cold and by taking medicine it will be just fine. Like wise if you can understand the symptoms and the cause for Anxiety and Depression you can work with it and manage to get better.
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Psychiatric Disorder - 5 Silent Signs Of It!

Dr. Safiya M S 86% (10 ratings)
MS - Counselling and Psychotherapy, Diploma in Psychological Medicine , MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Psychiatric Disorder - 5 Silent Signs Of It!
Psychiatric disorders like bipolar disorder or schizophrenia do not appear all of a sudden. There are small changes that happen to an individual over a long period of time until the disease fully develops. These signs and symptoms might be too subtle in the early stage for other people to notice until they become obvious. But an early detection of any irregularity proves to be more beneficial for the patient in the long run. It is important to know the telltale symptoms of mental disorder to distinguish between what is regular and what is not. -Withdrawal Everyone needs some quiet time to cool off and relax but if a person continuously withdraws him/herself from social occasions and avoids meeting or speaking to friends, it could be a sign that something is wrong. Losing interest in life, work and people are symptoms of depression and psychotic disorder. -Thinking problems Having trouble concentrating, remembering, understanding and explaining oneself in a coherent manner are some common signs of mental disorder. -Anxiety Excessive stress and anxious behavior for a prolonged period are not normal. Frequent heart palpitations, headache, shortness of breath, racing mind and restlessness are cries of help that need to be heard. -Emotional outbursts Sudden dramatic outbursts for no apparent reason, frequent mood swings and feeling distressed are potent signs of mental illnesses. These kinds of behavior are seen as part of a person's nature and so they are often unnoticed. -Changes in appetite and sleeping patterns Oversleeping may be a sign of depression and insomnia could be a sign of anxiety. Changes in appetite and not caring about oneself or the world are indicators of a mental problem.
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Know More About Panic Disorder

Dr. Rahul Chandhok 88% (10 ratings)
M.D Psychiatry , MBBS
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5 Newly Defined Categories Of Mental Illness - A Research By Stanford University!

Dr. Garima Sharma 92% (415 ratings)
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In order to provide tailored treatment choices to a maximum number of patients, researchers from Stanford University in the US have defined five new categories of mental illness that will cut across the current broad diagnoses of anxiety and depression. The five categories are general anxiety, tension, anhedonia, melancholia and anxious arousal. These categories are primarily defined by their specific symptoms and areas of brain activation. This step was taken, in order to provide guided treatment to millions of patients who suffer from these problems worldwide. In India, as per WHO the number of people who suffer from depression and anxiety is 5 and 3 Crore respectively.
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Ways To Improve Productivity In Mental Problems And Substance Abuse

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
Ways To Improve Productivity In Mental Problems And Substance Abuse
Mental health crisis and substance abuse - ways to improve productivity Behavioral illness depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and other issues is a dark place. Many perhaps even most of your friends and family members will not understand what you are going through. You must reach out anyway. Identify and rely on those within your immediate support network who do understand, who are committed to helping you through a long-term plan for coping and recovery. 1. Decide to do absolutely everything in your power to to improve your behavioral health. Commit to change what you can and work around what you can t. Flatly refuse to let this challenge define you either as a passive victim, or worse, by taking pride and entitlement in it and you will find open doors to vast improvements in your quality of life, even if you are never fully cured. 2. Be willing to recognize and acknowledge what is going on. Monitor yourself. Know the warning signs or triggers for your condition, and get help early when you recognize them rather than ignoring them or trying to manage them yourself. 3. Get professional help. Find a credible, credentialed professional trained in psychiatric methods. 4. Never stop contributing to the world. If you are wrestling with mental health or substance abuse issues, your employment prospects may seem bleak. If your circumstances force you out of your chosen career path, resist the temptation to give up. If you are able, find a career pivot that will allow you to work around your challenges. Even if you are unable to work, find ways to contribute meaningfully, even if they feel small at the moment. With every diligent act of productivity, you exercise control over your life and claim our common birthright of human dignity. 5. Let your story be heard. We exist in a culture that largely disavows mental illness. By appropriately sharing your story in positive, proactive ways, you not only take a crucial step toward management or recovery you provide an essential ingredient in rewriting our cultural narrative of these issues from the inside. 6. Educate yourself. Invest some time into reading up on mental illness. 7. To the degree possible, make an effort to empathize. Strive to truly understand the experience of those who must confront the reality of mental illness on a daily basis. Tactfully reach out to affected friends and family for first-hand accounts to deepen your understanding of a day in the life. 8. Commit to being non-judgmental. Decide that you will let the facts and personal stories about mental illness come together for you, and that you will work to form an accurate and compassionate view of how they work and what it really takes for a person to take back their mental health. 9. Reach outside of yourself with a willingness to help. Find at least one way to meaningfully help someone suffering from depression, anxiety, or other issues along their path toward coping with or recovering. Tactfully reach out to friends or family who experience mental disorder and listen to their stories. Find ways, big or small, to lend a hand, brighten their day, and lighten the load they carry. Show them you see them. 10. We must work to change public perception of mental health and mental health issues. In addition to the proper self-care and empathy I suggest above, each of us can be an agent for change, simply by breaking our own link in the vicious cycle.
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Popular Questions & Answers

I have a doubt please. Sir/mam .can you solve it? As I am suffering from mental illness psychosis, anxiety, depression etc. I want to ask why can not we take combination of medicines? I mean why can not we take allopathic and homeopathic medicine together. Because I think combination will be more effective. Or we have to go just one way.

Dr. Era Sharma Dutta 95% (98 ratings)
MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Hello Your question is quite relevant. The problem with mixing pathies is often that there is little knowledge about possible drug drug interaction. Which means no studies have been done which study the possible side effects or even good effects of combining the two pathies. In such a case if any side effect were to occur, it would be difficult to know the possible medication responsible. May I recommend you to put faith in one first and also undergo a proper evaluation from an experienced psychiatrist. Good luck.
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I am feeling very anxious which is causing loss of appetite and I feel sleepy and panic, what should I do?

Dr. Rakhi Anand 92% (38 ratings)
PhD - Clinical Psychology, Diploma in Clinical and Community Psychology, MA - Clinical Psychology, BA - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Hello dear Anxiety is triggered due to some stressor present in our environment. Try to find out what causes you anxiety and try to eliminate those stressors. You can also try meditation and other breathing exercises to reduce your anxiety. Try discussing your anxious feelings with someone close and consult a clinical psychologist for its management. Try distracting your mind into other activities that make you feel good and relaxed.

Hi, Mai jab b kisi stranger se baat krta hu to heartbeat fast ho jati h mouth sukh jata hai awaaz BHI nhi niklti Kya muje anxiety hai?Please suggest me something

Dr. Era Sharma Dutta 95% (98 ratings)
MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Hello It is possible you get nervous and anticipate the worse when you meet a stranger. These are all signs of anxiety. Anxiety could be overwhelming especially if it hampers work. Aap apney confidence and social skills par work kar saktey hain and agar yeh anxiety symptoms baney rahey tab achey psychiatrist se mil kar dawa and counselling bhi kar saktey hain.

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Asthma Attacks
Good morning, mera naam Dr Amol Bamane hai aur main Ayurveda ka founder hoon. Aj main aapko asthma ke bare mein information dene wala hoon. Uska causes, uske symptoms, aur uske kuch home remedies bhi mai dene wala hoon. First of all, asthma kya hain, ye air intake jo hum lete hai, lungs mein humare jo trachea rehta hai, woh contract ho jata hai, aur use air aane mein, lungs mein, pareshaani ho jaati hai. To uske wajah se asthma ho jaata hai. Toh iska symptoms hain- Breathlessness Pressure on chest Cough Yeh 3 symptoms hai asthma ke. Uske causes mainly 2 types hotey hai:- Allergic asthma Non-allergic asthma. Allergic asthma mein dust hai, smoke hain, drugs hai, pollution hai. Toh yeh factors uske liye causes hai. Non-allergic asthma k causes hai, fear, anxiety, stress, excessive consumption of processed food. Toh yeh saare causes hai non- allergic asthma ke liye. Asthma ke liye, home remedies bhi hai, jese ki: Aap saucer li jiye, mix kijiye aur ek kapre mein leke aap inhale kijiye isko, toh isse bhi aapko aaram mil jayga. Seeds lijiye aur usko 1 litre paani mein aap ubaliye 30 mins tak, aur liquid chhan ke lijiye aap. Uske baad us liquid mein 2 spoon aap ginger paste daaliye. Ginger paste daalne ke baad, usme aap 1 teaspoon honey daaliye. Aur yeh aap din mein 1 glass, ek baar jo yeh hai, glass mein paani, woh liquid, toh yeh aap lijiye. Yeh asthma ke liye bahuti achha hain, laabh dayak hai. Aap do chamach gooseberry liiye. Usse aap karsh ki jiye ache se, usme aap 1 chamach honey daaliye aur yeh aap din mein 1 baar lijiye aur issye bhi aapko asthma se bahut hi achha result mil jayga. Is Vishay mein adhiktam jaankari ke liye aap se hume sampark kar sakte hain, online consult bhi kar sakte hain.
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