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Overview

Anxiety - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Types of anxiety disorders:

  • Panic disorder- People who have this condition usually have episodes of terror that suddenly strike without any warning. Other signs of panic disorders are feeling of choking, heart palpitations, chest pain, immense sweating and a feeling of going crazy.
  • Social anxiety disorder- This is also known as social phobia. It involves self-consciousness and overwhelming worry about everyday social situations. This worry includes a fear of behaving in a way which can cause embarrassment or social ridicule.
  • Specific phobias- This is characterised by episodes of fear of a certain situation or object such as flying or heights. This fear can prevent you from performing day to day activities.
  • Generalised anxiety disorder- This form of anxiety disorder is characterised by unrealistic and excessive tension and worry, even if there is nothing to worry about.

What causes anxiety disorders?

The exact cause of anxiety disorder is still unknown. According to scientists, anxiety disorders are not caused due to poor upbringing, a character flaw or personal weakness. This disorder is caused due to changes in the environment and excessive stress. Anxiety disorders can also be inherited from your family member. A child is more prone to developing anxiety if both or one parent has anxiety issues. Emotional trauma due to a significant event can also trigger anxiety disorders.

Treatment of anxiety disorders:

  • Medications- Drugs and medicines like anxiety- reducing drugs, low-dose antipsychotics, anticonvulsant and antidepressants can reduce the symptoms of anxiety.
  • Psychotherapy- Usually psychotherapy addresses the emotional response. In this process, a trained professional helps people by talking and understanding their disorder.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy- This is a form of psychotherapy where the person is able to change and recognise behaviours and thought patterns which lead to troublesome feelings.
  • Lifestyle and Dietary Changes- For most people making changes in their diet and lifestyle can reduce symptoms of anxiety and stress.
  • Relaxation therapy- This is a very helpful and the most common therapy to deal with anxiety.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Panic Fear Uneasiness Cold sweats Trouble falling asleep Heart palpitation Dry mouth

Popular Health Tips

How To Manage Examination Stress And Anxiety?

MBBS, Diploma In Psychological Medicine
Psychiatrist, Guwahati
How To Manage Examination Stress And Anxiety?

“Self-examination is the key to insight, which is the key to wisdom”. As the quote states, examinations are more of a check for your comprehending ability and memory power. Stress and anxiety are natural emotions which are attached to it. But, overcoming it with courage and optimism is all that matters. Ideally, stress occurs due to many factors, such as if you are not able to cope up with the studies, family or school pressure. In fact, it is completely normal to feel that you are the only person who is experiencing this muddle. So, try to imagine more with positive thoughts like you becoming a school topper. Visualize your life with a bigger picture, with you leading a good and happy life. Remember, exams are important but this is not the only way to become successful in future. The more you are confident about yourself, the easier it becomes to crack the exams.

Now, let’s break this process into two phases

  • First is how you prepare yourself to study
  • Second is preparing yourself to face the exam.

Before proceeding with the guidelines, it is very important to know your strengths and acknowledging your weaknesses.

Phase 1 - Tips to study

  • Set small achievable goals: This will help you to reach your milestones in a smart way.
  • Take notes: Writing boosts up your memory power especially if you a slow learner.
  • Don’t lose confidence: Even if you find hard to learn something, do not give up. Keep trying day by day.
  • Use diagrams: A picture is worth than a thousand words. The more you represent the lessons in drawings, the more you remember it easily.
  • Set time and read: This will help you in time management during the examination.
  • Do combine studies with friends: This gives more space for learning new things.

Phase 2 - Facing the Exams

  • Avoid last minute preparations. It will disturb your confidence levels.
  • Keep all the required things ready the day before the exams.
  • Don’t ever compromise on health and sleep. Good sleep and nutritional food are important to boost up your physical strength.
  • Refrain comparing yourself to others. Every individual is unique.
  • Don’t think about the failures. Learn to embrace them and you will shine big in the future.
  • Failures are part of success. Remember this in every struggle.

Stay away from the social media and gadget distractions as much as possible. Relax by talking with your friends. Funny conversations keep you engaged, energetic and focused. Challenges are a must in life, exams are one among them. So, face it with all your heart, for it will make you a better person in future. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2 people found this helpful

Panic Disorder - How Can It Affect You?

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Panic Disorder - How Can It Affect You?

Panic disorder or panic attacks are common among people. We have come across this term many times before in our lives. So this article will deal with panic attacks and more about them.

What is panic disorder?
A panic attack is a sudden intense wave of extreme fear or anxiety which comes unexpectedly without any prior warning. There may not be any definite reason for the attack. It can also arrive when you are sleeping. The panic episodes usually stop after one but some people experience continuous episodes as well. Panic attacks are very dangerous to experience and it gives you a feeling of losing control or having a heart attack. A person who experiences panic attacks more often is said to have panic disorders.



Symptoms of panic disorder:
There are many important and identifiable symptoms related to Panic attacks and disorders. Let us have a look-

  • Feeling or a sense of great danger and panic will arrive all of a sudden. The person may feel that he or she is dying.
  • Critical fear of loss in control or even a feeling of death or heart attack.
  • Individuals facing a panic attack may tremble or become shaky and will sweat a lot. It will become hard for them to walk. Palpitations are very common symptoms of these.
  • It becomes hard to breathe and you will feel a sense of choking in the neck.
  • Chest pain, severe headache, feeling of nausea will follow the panic attacks or many people can even experience them beforehand.

Causes for panic disorder:
There is no particular or an absolutely certain cause for a panic disorder. But there are some common ones which we will talk about.

  • Panic disorder can be inherited genetically from the parents. If anyone of the parents has the tendency to panic disorders, then the child may also get the disorder.
  • Major stress in someone's life can result in a panic disorder. The mind needs to be fresh and active in a peaceful state as well. So when it gets too much stressed with something, panic attacks arrive.
  • Sometimes, panic attacks can even occur when there is a medical disorder in your brain.
  • Hypoglycemia or the condition of low blood sugar can also result in a panic attack in many individuals.
  • Many people experience panic attacks because of the overuse of stimulants like drugs, caffeine etc.

Some quick tips 
Panic attacks are sudden and unexpected. But there are a few things which you can do to prevent yourself from facing such a disorder.

  • Avoid smoking & drinking
  • Educate yourself on how to deal with stress 
  • Learn to control your breath will also feel you in such situations.
  • Try to learn relaxation techniques that will help you to relax at the time of a panic attack.

If no improvement with these tips meet a psychiatrist. He can provide treatment in form of either psychotherapy (counseling) or medicines (which are safe and effective). In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2743 people found this helpful

When To Visit A Psychiatrist And What To Expect?

MBBS, MRCPsych (UK), CCST (General Adult Psychiatry and Geriatric Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Visakhapatnam
When To Visit A Psychiatrist And What To Expect?

Experiencing periods of sadness, sheer grief, conflict, and stress are common for everyone. But when people fail to deal with these mental issues, it makes them suffer from different forms of mental disorders. However, instead of suffering from such disorders for a long time, if one consult a psychiatrist at the right time, dealing with them becomes easier.

When to consult a psychiatrist?
In case you're wondering when to visit a psychiatrist, here are a few signs that you should never ignore.

  1. Inability to deal with a trauma: Unfortunate circumstances like losing one’s nears and dears can be a traumatic experience. As a result, it may affect you mentally in numerous ways such as believing that the person is still alive or leading a normal life again will be impossible and so on.
  2. Relying on substances for coping: Excessive consumption of alcohol, taking drugs or developing other addictions for dealing with reality are also common signs of mental distress. Unhealthy addictions and habits tend to raise the risk of other health issues such as eating disorders and sleeping problems.
  3. Emotional turmoil affecting the body: When being emotionally upset all the time, it starts taking a toll on the body, such as stomach aches or recurrent headaches, or a poor immune system. Feelings of being disconnected are increasing.

Whether it's a family gathering or a party with closest of friends, is it that you are feeling disconnected to everyone around you? This sense of being disconnected or loneliness is often a result of suffering from disillusions, where a psychiatrist can help you regain yourself.

What you can do

Before your appointment, make a list of:

  1. Specific symptoms you have noticed, and for how long
  2. Key personal information, including any current, major stressors or traumatic events in your past
  3. Your medical information, including other physical or mental health conditions
  4. Any medications, vitamins, herbal products or other supplements you take, and their doses
  5. Questions to ask your doctor or mental health provider

What to expect in assessments sessions?
As a part of a psychiatric assessment, the mental health professional will first listen to all your concerns carefully and try to understand them from your point of view. The psychiatrist then may ask you questions about your health, your relationships, and your family history. This will be followed by filling out a questionnaire by you. A basic physical health check-up may also be done.

What to expect in treatment sessions?
Once the psychiatrist gets to understand your problems, he will focus on introducing a suitable treatment plan which may consist of different therapies. If necessary, along with the therapies, you may also be prescribed certain medications, and your condition will be monitored.

Psychiatric disorders range from young children to elderly, this can be witnessed from the range of psychiatric disorders both children & adults suffer from such as ADHD, autistic spectrum disorder, school refusal in children and depression, anxiety, psychosis, OCD, substance misuse in adults along with dementia, psychosis and depression in Elderly patients. 

Without taking care of your mental health, ensuring a healthy body and a promising life ahead is impossible. Therefore, it's essential to visit a psychiatrist if you are unable to deal with your traumas, stress, and depression by yourself. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2877 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones - Sign & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

MBBS, MS - Urology, DNB
Urologist, Guwahati
Kidney Stones - Sign & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

Kidney stones are one of the most common urinary tract disorders. These stones are the result of an abnormal concentration of urine. The stones might get unnoticed, till it moves around the kidney or passes into the ureter. The stones are basically small deposits of calcium that can cause excruciating pain.

Here is a list of signs that can indicate that a person might be suffering from kidney stone disorder:

  1. Painful Urination: The most common sign of kidney stones is a sudden urge to urinate. The urination occurs even though an individual has maintained the normal rate of fluid intake. When an individual does try to urinate, the amount of urine expelled is less than normal. In case of a normal volume of urine, an individual might experience extreme pain. The pain is the result of kidney stones travelling from the bladder to the urethra.
  2. Back Pain: People suffering from kidney stones often suffer from localized back pain in the early stages. The pain initiates at the side and back, just near the kidney area. As the condition worsens, the pain might spread to the groin, lower abdomen and lower back area. The waves of pain might last from a few minutes to few hours, depending on the number and size of the stones. For men, the pain might also be felt in the testicles and scrotum area.
  3. Blood In Urine: Apart from pain and discoloration, visible signs of blood in the urine are seen in patients who have kidney stones. The color of urine might vary from brown, pink to slightly red with stains of blood. With kidney stones increasing in size, it blocks the urethra, thereby ticking blood along with urine. This condition is referred to as hematuria.
  4. Vomiting and Nausea: People suffering from kidney stones often complain of nausea. It can become so severe that can lead to vomiting. Some other complications related to this condition include dehydration, nutritional deficiency etc. Another theory suggests that, throwing up is the result of body’s endeavor of clearing the toxic material from the body.
  5. Pungent Smell: It is quite common among patients suffering from kidney stones to have a pungent smelling urine. The smell is foul and sticks for a long time. The smell is the result of creatinine waste being accumulated and slowly passing through the urine from time to time.
  6. Difficulty in Sitting: Once the kidney stones gain in size, it becomes increasingly difficult for a patient to sit or lie down for a longer duration. Sitting or lying down puts pressure in the kidney area thereby causing intense pain. People try to combat this condition, by frequently standing up or by having a small walk.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2914 people found this helpful

Anxiety Disorder - 6 Ways To Identify It!

Ph.D - Psychology, M.Sc. - Counselling and Psychotherapy, M.A - Psychology, Certificate in Psychometric Testing, Basic Course in Integrated Hypnotic Modality for Behavioral Resolution, Certificate in Cognitive Behavioral for Couple, B.Ed- Psychology Hon.
Psychologist, Delhi
Anxiety Disorder - 6 Ways To Identify It!

Everyone feel worried about things at one point of time or the other. However, for some people, this can go to an extreme and become a disorder. Anxiety disorder is a common mental health condition that can make people anxious about trivial things for days and months so much so that it interferes with their everyday life. Not everyone exhibits the same signs of anxiety disorder. Some people show only mental signs while it impacts the physical health of others.

Here are some of the most common signs and symptoms of anxiety disorder.

  1. Excessive worrying: Getting worried about small things and staying worried about them for days and weeks is a characteristic sign of anxiety disorder. Often it can be triggered by factors that are out of the person’s control. Excessive worrying can also be described as being worried about multiple things on most days of the week.
  2. Sleep Problems: Anxiety can affect the quantity and quality of sleep a person gets. If you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, it could be a sign of anxiety disorder. While this is common when you have an important meeting or task scheduled for the following day, experiencing this regularly is something you should not ignore.
  3. Irrational fear: In many cases, anxiety is triggered by a specific factor such as being in a crowded space or flying. The anxiety created by exposure to these factors can often be out of proportion to the actual chance of anything going wrong. This type of anxiety may not always be obvious.
  4. Muscle tension: Anxiety can translate into muscle tension as well. This may be visible in the form of clenched fists, a tight jaw or flexed muscles. In many cases, these symptoms often become part of the person’s personality and hence go undetected for years.
  5. Indigestion: Chronic digestive problems are often a sign of anxiety disorder. This can be characterized by bloating, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, gas or constipation. This is because the gut is very sensitive to psychological imbalances. Indigestion can also contribute to anxiety disorders by making the person uncomfortable.
  6. Self-consciousness: Anxiety can make a person feel as though they are in the spotlight. This can make them feel uncomfortable and result in social withdrawal. Often people suffering from anxiety find it hard to speak in front of a crowd or even have long one-on-one conversations. This can make it hard for them to meet new people and develop relationships.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5143 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I didn't know what happening to me. I think I have a mental disorder. I can't communicate, focus well, I am not focusing on my life. I am not being myself at all. I want to be like me. I fear c criticism sometimes. Sometimes I criticize. I don't have any best friend. I lost friendship. With available friends, I am not being happy. I feel irritated with others words. I can't concentrate well. I am sad and feel depressed sometimes. I didn't enjoy full happiness with friends. I didn't experience friendship enjoyment. I have many negative thoughts. My mind is not in my control. I feel anxiety, panic attacks sometimes. I don't know my worth. I want to communicate well make many friends real friends. I want hope In life. Please give me some tips, techniques to heal my mind.

POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, Masters in clinical psychology
Psychologist, Mumbai
Hi Lybrate user First of all try to improve your self esteem. Think about what meke you happy, do the things that make you really happy. Choose to be happy with who you are, be true to yourself and feel proud of the person you are. Your happiness matters, if you are happy you are more likely to spread happiness and care for those around you. Choose positivity over negativity. When things are hard and you feel down, take few deep breaths and remind yourself that you can and will grow stronger from these hard times. Remind your achievements, count your blessings and feel better. Share your feelings with close family member. You can opt some counselling seasons. Do some physical exercise, meditation. Eat healthy, sleep properly and try to enjoy your life. Thanks.
5 people found this helpful

Hi Sir, Few months ago I tried weed with my friends and that night my saliva was dry. And I suddenly eat bread and got choked up and later I could’t breathe and later I got panic attack for the first time and I thought I was about to die but I thankfully survived. After 25 days I suddenly remember the moment where I could’t breathe and whole night I keep fearing that the panic attack might happen again. Any suggestions?

Master of psychology, MPhil -psychology, PhD - Health Psychology
Psychologist, Karnal
It was bread not weed which make your throat dry. And after the impact of weed which creates action potential in nerve cells so fast. You felt panic attack. Read one book for story therapy and I guarantee it won't come back if living a healthy lifestyle, no weed, no smoke, no fast food. Go for personality test to check what type of person you are. Book name is Why Zebra's don't get ulcers.

Whenever I have any exam or in a new situation I get a panic attack, and if I think too much I get tremble and scared, and sometimes I feel like I want to cry and sometimes I do for no reason.

Masters In Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Lucknow
It's due to anxiety Practice breathing exercise also change your perspective over studies Consult with me or any psychologist for therapy and counseling Connect with me through text or audio on Lybrate app.

I am depressed from 2015 but 2017 made this worst for me .anyway I am still trying my best to recover it but the thing is I am now totally suffering from social anxiety nd suddenly some time I get heavy breathing and start to shiver etc so is this the effect of depression or something else or I should get the medication for this.

Diploma in psychology, PVA ayurveda
Psychologist, Bangalore
Hello Friend, Appreciate you are seeking help from this forum. Your social anxiety is an outcome of depression as they are interlinked sometimes. I am sure, you may be already on medication for your depression. In parallel, you need to start psychotherapy covering few lifestyle changes, exercises, self therapies etc along with counseling for managing your anxiety. Feel free to reach me online for furtehr assistance.

Table of Content

Types of anxiety disorders:
What causes anxiety disorders?
Treatment of anxiety disorders:
Play video
Anxiety And Its Symptoms
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental illnesses, and the distress they cause can keep you from carrying on with your life normally. With treatment, many people can manage those feelings and get back to a fulfilling life.
Play video
Postpartum Depression Or Postnatal Depression
PPD depicts a type of mood disorder which is associated with childbirth and can affect both males and females. It usually onsets between one week / month following birth of child. Treatment for PPD may include counseling or medications.
Play video
Anxiety Disorders - Types & Treatment
Hello!

I am Dr Omkar Mate consultant neuropsychiatrist practicing at Midas Clinic Neurl, Navi Mumbai.

Now let us talk about anxiety and anxiety disorders, so anxiety is that feeling of nervousness, sometimes associated with traveling, racing heart and shortness or difficulty of breathing. Anxiety is a normal response of human mind and body to certain stressful situations anxiety is not always bad like stress too is not always bad, being anxious before exams leeds a person to study better, work better and get better marks. This stress is a positive stress which increases performance, it is called used stress. However, sometimes a person is become so anxious that the anxiety hampers or reduces persons functioning of performance, this is distress. The next level of distress is an anxiety disorder, there are different types of anxiety disorders a panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, social anxiety disorder, various types of phobias, let us look briefly at each one of them. A panic disorder is something which is made up of panic attacks now what is panic attack, panic attack is that intense fear or anxiety with associated symptoms like racing heart, difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath, sometimes the person feel suffocated and he feels that I am going to die. This episode usually last for 15 minutes to an hour and goes away on its own, but sometimes these episodes recur and a person remains fearful that I will get this episode again. In such cases a panic disorder is diagnosed. Obsessive compulsive disorder is another anxiety disorder, here a person repeatedly checks things like door, gas stoves, light switches, sometimes a patient has a habit of washing hand repeatedly. Now all these things are usually repeated by a person to take care of anxiety and a reason for the anxiety in such patients are thoughts. They may be thoughts that somebody close to them maybe ill, it maybe thoughts that my hands are dirty and illness will spread in my family because of my dirty hands, it can be thoughts like the gas stove or door is not locked and robbers will rob my house or the gas stove being on can lead to an accident. Usually, the themes are related to fear and illness or death. Repeated thoughts make the person anxious who in turn thus behaviour to take care of that anxiety. If such symptoms lead to hampering of his or her life or his functioning or his profession then it needs to be treated usually if the symptoms are for more than half an hour to 1 hour. Another anxiety disorder is what we called as social anxiety disorder. Here a person is fearful or afraid of making public appearances or talking in public places or going to social gathering the constant fear of thought in such people mind is what will others think about me, whether I will make a fool of myself, this leads people to avoid certain social situations.

If a person who is a management person is scared of making presentations this will definitely affect his performance, so in such cases where a person's performance occupationally or socially is dependent on his public speaking and he is not able to do so because of anxiety then we diagnose it as social anxiety disorder. One of the commonest anxiety disorder seen is something which we call as phobias. All of us are be aware of a phobia like many of us are scared of injections or needles, there are some of us who faint on seeing blood. Similarly, there are different phobias like fear of height, fear of closed spaces like claustrophobia and fear of crowded places which is agoraphobia. A person having phobia need not always be treated, for example if a person who has fear of heights doesn't required to go on tall places it may not be treated. However, if certain phobias are actually leading to problems like fear of flying in planes in can it can lead a person who wants to travel abroad or who has to travel for work, it makes that person afraid and he avoid such situations. So functional impairment in such cases need treatment for phobia, around 1 in 5 people suffer from one or other anxiety disorder, however, many times they are not detected. Anxiety disorder are the most treatable disorder and mostly curable also with the help of medicines and proper therapy techniques and counselling techniques.

Thank you for more enquiries about anxiety disorders you can contact me through lybrate.
Play video
Increased Anxiety In Expectant Parents || Causes & Remedies
Hello friends!

I am Dr Nisha Agarwal working as Head of the department in obstetrics and gynaecology at VPS Rockland Hospital, Manesar. As an obstetrician, I routinely treat pregnant ladies.

In last few years I have realised that there is a lot of increase in the anxiety of expecting parents, what about my pregnancy what about medical complications, whether it would be a vaginal delivery or caesarean sections and lot many more. I don't blame them, actually we are living in a digitalised where lots of information is available and we read them and interpret them accordingly. I feel most of us have actually forgotten the true meaning of pregnancy and childbirth, to relieve all this anxiety and to make them independent to tackle are their delivery and pregnancy related issues I teach birth prep classes to my parents. In these classes, I teach them about birth Psychology, after attending these classes expecting parents especially husbands they understand their rule during these 9 months and they are able to make this beautiful journey, as a smooth and peaceful as it should be. As a gynecologist I come across problems like menstrual disorders, ovarian cyst, uterine fibroids and many more, many of times we need to do surgical procedures for these kinds of problems. Here I would like to say the progress in medical science is a boon to humanity and especially for women. Gone are the days when you have to be at the month of open surgery, these days we do all gynaecological procedures by a laparoscopic technique. We all know in laparoscopy we do not cut open your abdomen in fact, we made two or three small holes through which we pass our instruments and complete the procedures via these pores only. In the laparoscopy we get a very magnifying view because of which the injury to adjacent discharge is very much reduced, blood loss is quite minimised and in all these ultimately lead to very short stay in the hospital, the post of pain is very less and the recovery is very fast and you can resume your routine activities very soon. In fact, in few surgeries, we do it as a day care procedures, where we admit you and discharge on the same day and you can resume your all routine activities from the very next day. Here at VPS Rockland Hospital, I do all ovarian cyst removals, fibroid removal, hysterectomies and even gynaecological Cancer Surgery via this technique. We also treat couples who are not able to conceive for these kinds of patients I do detail consultation and then try to find out the cause and then treat them accordingly. Here at this hospital, we are doing all procedures like oblation destruction, intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilization too. But many of times we found there is no cause and actually it is your dietary pattern, your lifestyle changes and day to day stress in your life which is leading to all these problems.

So whenever you go for these treatments please work on these issues also along with heart treatment for any further queries or enquiries you can contact me on lybrate. Thank you.
Play video
Warning Signs Of Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety actually refers to a normal reaction to danger, the body s automatic fight-or-flight response that gets triggered when you feel threatened or pressurised or are facing a stressful situation. There are steps which can be taken to reduce your symptoms and regain control of your life.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice