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Last Updated: Feb 05, 2020
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Complete Guide to Anxiety With Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Overview Types Symptoms Causes Precautions Diagnosis Treatments Natural Remedies

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety can be referred to as a normal human emotion which can be felt by a person which triggers increased alertness, fear, and worry. Due to such worry the person may feel fast heartbeat and palpitations, may have rapid breathing, sweating, irritation and tiredness. It is considered to be a normal emotional reaction if it occurs very often but ,if the person starts feeling disproportionate levels of anxiety then it might be considered as medical disorder. Anxiety belongs to the category of mental health.

The development of this condition leads to a person feeling excessive fear, apprehension, worry, and nervousness. This disorder can alter the normal process of emotions, can raise blood pressure and thus resulting into physical symptoms like aggression, irritation, dissociation etc. Day to day living of a person gets affected if a person is suffering from the problem of severe anxiety. Anxiety disorder is very common among people of all the age groups around the world. Only 37 percent of the people suffering from the condition of anxiety receive treatment for the condition. There are various anxiety disorders from which a person might be suffering from.

What are the Different Types of Anxiety Disorders?

The different types of anxiety disorder from which a person might suffer is inclusive of the following

  • Phobia: In this a person has an excessive fear of a situation, activity, or object.
  • Panic disorder: In this a person will experience recurrent panic attacks.
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder: In this a person performs specific repeated behaviours.
  • Social anxiety disorder: In this a person is fearful of being judged by others.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder: This condition is experienced if a person had suffered from a traumatic event.
  • Separation anxiety disorder: In this a person is fearful of being away from loved ones or home.
  • Illness anxiety disorder: In this a person is anxious about the medical condition he/she is suffering from.

What are the Early Symptoms of Anxiety?

A person might experience the following symptoms if he/she is suffering from the problem of anxiety disorder

  • A person might feel restlessness like being on the edge.
  • A person might get irritated easily.
  • It may become difficult for a person to concentrate.
  • A person might experience uncontrolled feeling of worry
  • A person might have difficulty in sleeping or staying asleep for a normal duration of time.

These symptoms will be experienced on a more persistent level for a person suffering from severe anxiety disorder. The symptoms given above are felt by most of the people living around the world, but they choose to avoid these symptoms. Some people are of the belief that these are normal human emotions as they do not require any treatment.

What is the Main Cause for Anxiety?

The cause because of which a person suffers from anxiety disorder can be complicated sometimes. Several causes might occur at once, while some causes might lead to other causes. Some of the possible causes of anxiety are given below

  • A person who has a history of family members suffering from the problem of anxiety may encounter this condition in his/her life.
  • Another cause which can lead to anxiety are difficulties in work, family problems, and relationship issues.
  • The withdrawal of an illegal substance from the body of a person can also lead to the development of anxiety.
  • In some of the cases a person might suffer from anxiety either because of any medical condition or due to the side effect of any medicine.
  • The misalignment of electrical signals in the brain and secretion of certain hormones can also be a cause of anxiety in some people.

What are the Precautions Should be Taken in Anxiety?

There are several ways by which a person can take precautions and reduce the risk of the anxiety disorder. It is important to remember that feeling anxiousness is a normal phenomenon. If a person experiences them it does not mean he/she is suffering from the problem of anxiety disorder. However, taking precaution can be very helpful. The precautions which must be followed by a person suffering from the problem of anxiety disorder are

  • Maintaining a healthy diet.
  • A person should avoid alcohol, cannabis and other drugs.
  • A regular sleep pattern must be followed by all the persons.
  • Before taking any medicine it must be checked with the doctor.
  • A person should reduce the intake of caffeine, cola, and tea.

How to Diagnose Anxiety?

A single test is not enough to diagnose the condition of anxiety. For diagnosing this condition it requires a very lengthy process of mental, psychological, and physical examinations. Some of the doctor may order blood or urine test for ruling out any medical condition that might be causing this problem. During the physical examination a doctor might look for symptoms like shaking, sweating, racing heart, chills, frequent urination, and twitching. The level of anxiety may be measured by the doctor through the following tests

  • HAM-A (Hamilton Anxiety Scale)
  • Zung-Self rating anxiety scale
  • Social phobia inventory

What are the Treatments Available for the Anxiety?

Once a person is diagnosed with anxiety disorder then a doctor can explore a wide range of treatment options for a person. In some cases medical treatment is not necessary. Bringing some necessary changes to the lifestyle may be enough to alleviate the symptoms. For people suffering from moderate to severe cases medical treatment can help in overcoming the symptoms of the anxiety disorder. A treatment for anxiety can be done in two ways. The first way is through counseling and secondly through some medicines. For the treatment related to counseling a doctor may advise psychotherapy, CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) or a combination of therapies.

There are various medications which a doctor may also prescribe for the management of anxiety like benzodiazepines, tricyclics, antidepressants, and beta-blockers.

What are the Natural Ways for the Treatment of Anxiety?

There are some natural ways through which anxiety can be managed. Making changes in the lifestyle can be a very effective way of reducing anxiety and stress. the majority of the natural remedies involve taking care of your body. Some of the natural remedies which can be used are

  • Getting a proper sleep of 8 hours.
  • A person can meditate for the relief in symptoms.
  • A person should avoid taking alcohol.
  • Consumption of caffeine must also be reduced.
  • A person should quit smoking cigarettes.
  • A person should stay active and workout.
  • A person must consume a healthy diet.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 19 years old and taking fluvator 100 since the last two years. My doctor said that it is only 1 year course for you but now 2 years have been past. When I should recover. Also when I leave this medicine for one week all symptoms attack on me.

M PHIL (Clinical Psychology)
Psychologist, Bhubaneswar
Hello lybrate-user. Your recovery not only depend on the medications but also on your thought processes and emotions. You might have noticed the aggravation in your symptoms when you are sad, tensed or anxious. Try to relax by doing exercises or y...

Sir I am 17 years old & my doctor recommend me to take alprazolam tab 0.25 for 3 days for anxiety problem. Is it harmful for me.

MA Applied Psychology (clinical psychology), Diploma - Guidance & Councelling, Certificate in Creative Arts Therapy
Psychologist, Greater Noida
First you should try to find out what is your main cause of anxiety or your trigger point. If you find it then try to get away from those triggers. You may also use meditation or deep breathing exercises this will help to you to stay calm and rela...

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