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Anxiety - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Feelings of anxiety are very normal. Many people feel anxious during a nervous situation lie making an important decision or before taking a test. Whereas, anxiety disorders are different, thy cause immense distress and interfere with your daily life. These disorders are fatal mental illnesses and require psychiatric help as soon as possible.

Types of anxiety disorders:

  • Panic disorder- People who have this condition usually have episodes of terror that suddenly strike without any warning. Other signs of panic disorders are feeling of choking, heart palpitations, chest pain, immense sweating and a feeling of going crazy.
  • Social anxiety disorder- This is also known as social phobia. It involves self-consciousness and overwhelming worry about everyday social situations. This worry includes a fear of behaving in a way which can cause embarrassment or social ridicule.
  • Specific phobias- This is characterised by episodes of fear of a certain situation or object such as flying or heights. This fear can prevent you from performing day to day activities.
  • Generalised anxiety disorder- This form of anxiety disorder is characterised by unrealistic and excessive tension and worry, even if there is nothing to worry about.

What causes anxiety disorders?

The exact cause of anxiety disorder is still unknown. According to scientists, anxiety disorders are not caused due to poor upbringing, a character flaw or personal weakness. This disorder is caused due to changes in the environment and excessive stress. Anxiety disorders can also be inherited from your family member. A child is more prone to developing anxiety if both or one parent has anxiety issues. Emotional trauma due to a significant event can also trigger anxiety disorders.

Treatment of anxiety disorders:

  • Medications- Drugs and medicines like anxiety- reducing drugs, low-dose antipsychotics, anticonvulsant and antidepressants can reduce the symptoms of anxiety.
  • Psychotherapy- Usually psychotherapy addresses the emotional response. In this process, a trained professional helps people by talking and understanding their disorder.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy- This is a form of psychotherapy where the person is able to change and recognise behaviours and thought patterns which lead to troublesome feelings.
  • Lifestyle and Dietary Changes- For most people making changes in their diet and lifestyle can reduce symptoms of anxiety and stress.
  • Relaxation therapy- This is a very helpful and the most common therapy to deal with anxiety.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Panic Fear Uneasiness Cold sweats Trouble falling asleep Heart palpitation Dry mouth

Popular Health Tips

What Decides Your Happiness and Success in Life?

Dr. Sampada Kathuria 92% (33 ratings)
MS - Counselling & Psychotherapy, BA - Psychology, MA - Counseling & Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
What Decides Your Happiness and Success in Life?
Why your EQ is the most important factor for your happiness? A higher Intelligence Quotient does not guarantee your happiness or success in life. To succeed in life, it is not your IQ, but your EQ that plays a bigger role. Emotional Quotient(EQ) or emotional intelligence stands for your ability to understand and manage your emotions effectively. It influences various aspects of your life, from how you behave to how you interact with others, and has a direct effect on your happiness levels, life quality and self-satisfaction. Several studies on emotional intelligence have revealed that while about 80% of the common man's success is linked to emotional intelligence, only the remaining 20% is a result of his intelligence quotient! So, how does EQ affect your life? 1. At Work: At the workplace, emotional intelligence can have a significant impact on your performance. It shapes your business as well as professional relationships, while helping you to navigate the social complexities that characterise a place of work. 2. For Your Health: It affects your physical health too, as management of stress levels is directly linked to your EQ levels. High stress levels can make you susceptible to many diseases like stroke, heart attack, high blood pressure, etc. Likewise, if you're unable to handle and manage your emotions effectively, it can lead to mental problems like depression, mood swings and anxiety. 3. Personal Relationships: The role of EQ can't be ignored when it comes to building relationships. It enables you to communicate successfully,while helping you to build stronger relationships.Whether they are your professional relationships or personal ones, a better understanding and control of your emotions is imperative for not only a better expression of your feelings,but also for a complete understanding of what others are feeling. So, how can you improve your EQ? Unlike IQ, you can certainly improve your EQ significantly by developing and honing these key abilities. 1. The ability to manage negative emotions Although both negative and positive emotions are needed to succeed in life, sometimes, negative emotions can overwhelm you, affecting your judgement.Developing skills that do not let negative emotions get to you can significantly increase your EQ levels. 2. The ability to reduce stress Effectively controlling and managing stress is also an ability, the development of which can bring you great success in life. Staying focused, balanced and in control is what you should aim at when under severe pressure. You should be able to quieten yourself down quickly, while relieving yourself from stress. 3. The ability to stay positive even in times of difficulty Last but not the least, when faced with a difficult situation or even a difficult person, it's crucial to remain positive as then the difficulty faced becomes easier to handle. Arriving at resolutions for difficult situations positively and with confidence is what you should strive to do. EQ helps you to do well at work, build strong relationships and accomplish your personal and career goals.
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Homeopathic Treatment To Get Rid Of Examination Phobia

Homeopath, Lucknow
Homeopathic Treatment To Get Rid Of Examination Phobia
Exams are really tough times for most students irrespective of the level of their preparation. It is natural to get anxious before and during the exam time. Anxiety is a natural state in which people are either uneasy or fearful, depending on the situation that is making them anxious. Generally, students suffer from anxiety and fear when exam time approaches: Forms of ailment: Depending on the medical studies conducted throughout the world, anxiety is divided into the following types: Generalized Anxiety Disorder: People suffering from Generalized Anxiety Disorder usually feel nervous and anxious. They even experience fear in conducting routine tasks and worry a lot about the same. Students suffering from this anxiety tend to worry a lot during exam time even after knowing that they are fully prepared to take the exam. Usually, the sufferers here are unable to control their worrying. Phobias: Phobia refers to the feeling of excessive fear for any particular thing or object or action. Phobia clearly interferes with the normal functioning of the individual and causes the sudden flow of adrenaline through his or her body. People suffering from any kind of phobia tend to avoid the cause or reason for their fear. Students mostly suffer from social phobias when it comes to exams and their performance. Panic Disorder: Panic Disorders are characterized by quick and intense fear. People suffering from this kind of anxiety disorder are prone to experience panic attacks - the situation that involves periods of intense fear and discomfort along with rapid heartbeat, nausea, shortness of breath and dizziness. Panic Disorder causes its sufferers to develop the anxiety of having panic attacks which further increases the problem. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: People suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder usually feel compelled to act in a certain way which doesn't appear normal to others. The kind of obsessions people feel due to this ailment include checking if a door is locked repeatedly or washing hands again and again, and so on. Students usually suffer from generic anxiety disorders before and during the exam. An apt amount of anxiety leads to great results as it makes the person serious about his or her goals and focus on the same. Symptoms: Anxiety is something that everyone suffers from at one or the other point in their life. The levels of suffering can be different from person to person. The major symptoms of anxiety are listed below: Shortness of breath Dizziness and unsteadiness Trembling or shaking Heart palpitations Choking Sweating Numbness Hot flushes or chills Fear of going out of control Nausea and abdominal distress Solution: Homoeopathy provides amazing treatment in the form of drugs for anxiety and phobia. There are multiple drugs in Homoeopathy for treating anxiety, some of which are listed below. Students can go for any of them and get rid of the exam fear so that they can perform well in their exams: Aconitum Napellus Arsenicum Album Argentum Nitricum Gelsemium Ignatia Amara Lycopodium
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5 Signs of Violence in a Relationship

Ms. Ekta Singh 90% (258 ratings)
MA - Psychology, M-Phill Psychology, Shiv College of Edu., Ignou, New Delhi
Psychologist, Ghaziabad
5 Signs of Violence in a Relationship
Relationships are either delicate or strong, depending upon the bonding you share with your partner. The bonding depends on various factors. Some of the most essential ones being emotional attachment, friendliness, sense of ease, mental compatibility and a feeling of sustained emotional support from the relationship. This is applicable to all relationships; be it a relationship with your spouse, a parental relation with your children, a relationship with your friends, relatives, etc. However, it is a common factor that every relationship requires a definite level of friendship, understanding and trust to sustain. However, sometimes you may find eventual signs of distance or detachment, which could be signals of potential violence in the relationship. Sense of complete possession: This is a vital factor that intricately works behind initiating violence in relationships. Possessiveness is a form of extreme emotional condition. A sense of possessiveness lies in every relation. However, over possessiveness leads you to restrict your loved one to share his love with anyone else. It can even be severe when you may even dislike your loved one talking to anyone else. Therefore, it may lead to eventual abuse or violence in the relationship. Distrust: Trust and belief are essential elements in any relation. If you tend to lose trust on someone, you can hardly be normal in the relationship. Disbelief results in doubt and continued doubt and resistance lead you to react violently. If you constantly disbelief a person, you are ought to react out of your general personality sometime. Abuse: Use of abusive language may be a strong indication of emerging distance in a relation. A person indulges in using abusive language out of anger and frustration, both of which could be major signals of potential violence in the near future. Both abusive language and physical violence are considered as forms of violence. Therefore, initial signs of abuses should be considered immediately. Dominance: In every relationship where two persons are involved, you will usually find any one of them to be dominant. However, that is acceptable until the dominance is within a certain limit. However, if it crosses the limits of patience and acceptability, it may sometimes result in violence. Short temper Attitude: If any one of the involved persons in the relationship is short tempered, it will definitely be a lead reason of miscommunication or insufficient communication. Short tempered individuals are mostly characterised with low patience. If you do not have patience, you can never offer understanding. And above that, short-tempered attitude can be an additional disadvantage. These types of individuals fail to control their anxiety and can often be violent in relationships.
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Amazing Benefits of Cucumber Salad With Food!

Dt. Sheenu Sanjeev 85% (34 ratings)
Diploma in Dietetics Health and Nutrition, Doctorate Biomedical Sciences, Principle of Nutrition, Doctorate Biomedical Science , MSC Master of Science
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ghaziabad
Amazing Benefits of Cucumber Salad With Food!
Cucumbers are used in most healthy salads all over the world, owing to the fact that it contains lots of water and has a cooling and refreshing effect on your system. The cucumber is a member of the plant family which also boasts of watermelon, pumpkin, and squash. And on hot summer days, cucumber salads keep you hydrated whether you consume the vegetable on its own, or drink its juice. Here we will take a look at the many other advantages of having cucumbers, which will surely inspire you to incorporate this food item in your diet on a more regular basis. Cucumbers contain a flavanol called fisetin. This fisetin plays a key role in protecting your brain. It increases your memory and protects your nerve cells from ageing, but it's most impressive feat is that it can protect your brain from Alzheimer's as well. Also, cucumbers contain polyphenols named lignans which help you to reduce the risk of breast, ovarian and prostate cancer. And since cucumbers contain about 95 percent of water, it goes without saying that they fight inflammation in the most impressive manner possible. Further, cucumbers also contain anti-oxidants. These very anti-oxidants are responsible for keeping you safe from chronic diseases. Cucumbers come loaded with vitamin B, which is known to fight stress and can help you to combat anxiety too. Cucumbers are very rich in water and fibre. Since both these entities are necessary for easy digestion of food, adding cucumbers to your daily diet can be helpful in many ways. Also, when the juice of cucumbers mixes with your saliva, it will work as a very effective combination that imparts some speed to the process of digestion. Cucumbers are very low in calories, which is evident by the fact that they contain about 95 percent water. And yet they fill your stomach pretty nicely. It can help you keep your weight in check. If you are a heart patient, you ought to have cucumbers in your diet because cucumbers contain potassium, which in turn is lowers the blood pressure in the body, thus making it much easier for you to keep a check on high BP problems. Besides the above mentioned benefits, cucumbers taste crisp, fresh and cool. So go ahead and beat the summer heat with this extremely beneficial vegetable.
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Ways to Help Your Child During Exams

Ms. Meeta Verma 90% (19 ratings)
M. Sc Psychology, MS Psychotherapy and Counselling, Internship Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Greater Noida
Ways to Help Your Child During Exams
Examinations are a time when both parents and children may experience a lot of stress. As a parent, you may get so preoccupied with your concerns for the child s future that you may end up adding to the stress instead of helping. Here are some ways that you can be there for your child during this time:- Be available and supportive Your child may be anxious and may want to share her feelings with you. Simply setting aside whatever you are doing and hearing her out can be a great help. Acknowledge her worries and let her know that it is normal to experience some level of stress at this time. A little reassurance can work wonders. Transfer the initiative Allow your children the space to study in the manner that suits them best and ask them if they need help from you in any way. You don t need to take over their studies, it only increases dependency. Refocus on the present At times children get too caught up with thoughts like what if things go wrong , what if I don t get good marks , and so on. Remind them that focusing too much on the future only increases anxiety and robs them of vital energy to focus on the task at hand, whereas the efforts that they put in today will definitely ensure a better outcome. Help them break the syllabus down into manageable parts Children often view the whole syllabus as a cumulative, undifferentiated mass that seems overwhelming. Help them break it down into manageable parts, such as number of chapters per subject, time required for each topic, topics that are manageable or difficult, can he take help from someone for the difficult topics. Handle your own stress Go for a walk, talk to other parents, relax, acknowledge your feelings or worries and remind yourself that this is normal. Remember your children learn by observing you. They are likely to emulate your patterns of handling stress when faced with challenges. Share your concerns with the child and encourage If you are worried about her future then have an open chat, share your concerns and encourage her to do well keeping the long run in mind. Avoid indirect, sarcastic comments, taunts, negative statements or nagging. A remark like I am happy to see you studying is much better than you are not doing enough . Realign expectations If your child has been scoring around 60% then expecting a sudden jump to 90% may be unrealistic and create unnecessary stress. An expectation of around 75-80% would be more realistic to keep her motivated. Create an atmosphere of lightness and factor in some physical activity Very often our homes seem to be Under Siege during exam time. It is good to factor in breaks for some music, entertainment, laughter, a light walk, a few minutes of exercise, a quick game etc. Such activities loosen the muscles, get our metabolism going and lead to the release of certain feel good chemicals that make us feel refreshed and rejuvenated. Keep nutritious, healthy snacks handy We often reach out for highly salty, sugary foods when stressed, anxious or tired. Such foods give an immediate lift but do not provide sustained energy. Have some nice smoothies, dry fruits, roasted grams, boiled chick peas or kidney beans, fruits, salads etc handy which will benefit your children in the long run. In the end, remember this is just one set of exams that your child is facing in a series of exams and challenges that she will be facing in her lifetime. When you value your children for who they are and not just the marks that they get, they will also learn to value themselves and grow up to be well balanced individuals. ALL THE BEST!

Popular Questions & Answers

I am feeling anxiety and stressed. Last night could not sleep. palpitation and dry mouth. What should i do?

Dr. Vishal P Gor 92% (446 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Psychiatric Medicine
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
You need to consult a Psychiatrist. Medicine along with counseling will be very helpful. Next time you feel anxiety, try to divert your mind (e.g. Take deep breaths, count backwards from 50 to 1)

I am 29 years old. I am suffering from stress and anxiety. How to overcome this and what is the treatment?

Dr. Sadique Bhati 89% (232 ratings)
Bachelor of Arts (Psychology), MA Clinical Psychology, Diploma In Hypnotherapy, Diploma In Naturopathy & Yogic Science (DNYS), Certificate In Naturopathy & Yoga
Psychologist, Nagpur
Dear Lybrate user Stress and anxiety have become very common these days. Everybody is having some sort of stress. Stress and anxiety both are psychological and Psychotherapy and clinical hypnotherapy works great in managing stress and getting rid of anxiety as we identify the stressful situations, stressors and triggers and teach how to deal with, manage and/or avoid them. Same goes for anxiety. Whats making you anxious, the preoccupations and the automatic negative thoughts etc. We work on all these things so that you get to live a healthy happy and a desired life. Contact me for more information regarding this and a free pre therapeutic consultation. Take care. Good luck.
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I have social anxiety. I am not able to get out of my house I avoid picking up phone I feel very anxious in social situations. I always feel like I will do something wrong. I keep on thinking about small things I get headaches and feel weird all the time and I cannot stop thinking about things I have a profession where I have to socialise a lot with people and my social anxiety is making it difficult.

Dr. Saul Pereira 91% (40719 ratings)
Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
Your two queries are related. I think that your anxiety, which is fear based, irritates you easily and gets you angry. In other words the anger/irritation is an escalation over the fear. This is the cause of your headaches. This is not advisable and it is happening because you are not dealing well with the anxiety. Anger is a cover-up feeling for the fear, and people may mistakenly respond to the anger whilst the scare remains unresolved and it may also increase because of the discomfort you have caused to others with the anger! For this to come up at this age is significant because it is the last chance you will get to resolve it before it becomes a permanent negative trait. About the issue itself: Do you know if this is a family trait, or is the family by anyways less to socialize, or have you had any problem with fear because of some family or childhood experience? Have you ever been embarrassed in public by someone that it has left an indelible mark in your personality? You can take the answers to these questions to a counselor and resolve the same. Anyway, you must deal with your fear of people and it will be the best solution to your problem. In the meantime do some confidence building exercises by attending a personality development course, public speaking skills course (I suggest you join the Toastmasters Club), work out at a gym to build good self-image, and join social events to practice your skills. Surprisingly many people are often in the same boat as you, and so you are not alone. The very people you are intimidated by may be afraid of you too! There are three important developments to have to make an autonomous personality: Awareness, intimacy, and spontaneity. If you are super aware or too conscious of yourself, it will affect the intimacy and spontaneity. Although your problem is now directly to do with intimacy, you can see that they are all connected. Go and work on these matters with a counselor for this level of social anxiety to disappear from your life for good.
16 people found this helpful

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Workaholism, a good diet and unshaken beliefs will stop fear from ruling your life. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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Work anxiety has harmful effects on one s health. True or False? Take this quiz to know more.
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Dr. Kalrav Mistry 86% (102 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
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Anxiety is an essential part of life as it is protective and stimulating in nature. Whether you are walking down a dark street or you are about to give a test, normal anxiety is helpful to you. But an intervention is necessary when it becomes more than just a normal anxiety as it may manifest itself as an anxiety disorder. Take this interesting quiz to find out how much you know about anxiety.
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Dr. Aparna Pradhan 87% (88 ratings)
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People experiencing a throbbing headache can benefit from the use of cloves. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Dr. Pooja Anand Sharma 89% (75 ratings)
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Certain medications such as Accutane can also cause depression. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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Asthma Attacks
Good morning, mera naam Dr Amol Bamane hai aur main Ayurveda ka founder hoon. Aj main aapko asthma ke bare mein information dene wala hoon. Uska causes, uske symptoms, aur uske kuch home remedies bhi mai dene wala hoon. First of all, asthma kya hain, ye air intake jo hum lete hai, lungs mein humare jo trachea rehta hai, woh contract ho jata hai, aur use air aane mein, lungs mein, pareshaani ho jaati hai. To uske wajah se asthma ho jaata hai. Toh iska symptoms hain- Breathlessness Pressure on chest Cough Yeh 3 symptoms hai asthma ke. Uske causes mainly 2 types hotey hai:- Allergic asthma Non-allergic asthma. Allergic asthma mein dust hai, smoke hain, drugs hai, pollution hai. Toh yeh factors uske liye causes hai. Non-allergic asthma k causes hai, fear, anxiety, stress, excessive consumption of processed food. Toh yeh saare causes hai non- allergic asthma ke liye. Asthma ke liye, home remedies bhi hai, jese ki: Aap saucer li jiye, mix kijiye aur ek kapre mein leke aap inhale kijiye isko, toh isse bhi aapko aaram mil jayga. Seeds lijiye aur usko 1 litre paani mein aap ubaliye 30 mins tak, aur liquid chhan ke lijiye aap. Uske baad us liquid mein 2 spoon aap ginger paste daaliye. Ginger paste daalne ke baad, usme aap 1 teaspoon honey daaliye. Aur yeh aap din mein 1 glass, ek baar jo yeh hai, glass mein paani, woh liquid, toh yeh aap lijiye. Yeh asthma ke liye bahuti achha hain, laabh dayak hai. Aap do chamach gooseberry liiye. Usse aap karsh ki jiye ache se, usme aap 1 chamach honey daaliye aur yeh aap din mein 1 baar lijiye aur issye bhi aapko asthma se bahut hi achha result mil jayga. Is Vishay mein adhiktam jaankari ke liye aap se hume sampark kar sakte hain, online consult bhi kar sakte hain.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice