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Anxiety - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Feelings of anxiety are very normal. Many people feel anxious during a nervous situation lie making an important decision or before taking a test. Whereas, anxiety disorders are different, thy cause immense distress and interfere with your daily life. These disorders are fatal mental illnesses and require psychiatric help as soon as possible.

Types of anxiety disorders:

  • Panic disorder- People who have this condition usually have episodes of terror that suddenly strike without any warning. Other signs of panic disorders are feeling of choking, heart palpitations, chest pain, immense sweating and a feeling of going crazy.
  • Social anxiety disorder- This is also known as social phobia. It involves self-consciousness and overwhelming worry about everyday social situations. This worry includes a fear of behaving in a way which can cause embarrassment or social ridicule.
  • Specific phobias- This is characterised by episodes of fear of a certain situation or object such as flying or heights. This fear can prevent you from performing day to day activities.
  • Generalised anxiety disorder- This form of anxiety disorder is characterised by unrealistic and excessive tension and worry, even if there is nothing to worry about.

What causes anxiety disorders?

The exact cause of anxiety disorder is still unknown. According to scientists, anxiety disorders are not caused due to poor upbringing, a character flaw or personal weakness. This disorder is caused due to changes in the environment and excessive stress. Anxiety disorders can also be inherited from your family member. A child is more prone to developing anxiety if both or one parent has anxiety issues. Emotional trauma due to a significant event can also trigger anxiety disorders.

Treatment of anxiety disorders:

  • Medications- Drugs and medicines like anxiety- reducing drugs, low-dose antipsychotics, anticonvulsant and antidepressants can reduce the symptoms of anxiety.
  • Psychotherapy- Usually psychotherapy addresses the emotional response. In this process, a trained professional helps people by talking and understanding their disorder.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy- This is a form of psychotherapy where the person is able to change and recognise behaviours and thought patterns which lead to troublesome feelings.
  • Lifestyle and Dietary Changes- For most people making changes in their diet and lifestyle can reduce symptoms of anxiety and stress.
  • Relaxation therapy- This is a very helpful and the most common therapy to deal with anxiety.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Panic Fear Uneasiness Cold sweats Trouble falling asleep Heart palpitation Dry mouth

Popular Health Tips

Performance Anxiety - 5 Tips That Might Help

Dr. S.S Jawahar 90% (149 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine, Certified course in Herbal(Ayurvedic) medicine
Sexologist, Ludhiana
Performance Anxiety - 5 Tips That Might Help
Sex is supposed to be enjoyable but it isn't always the case. If you are too preoccupied wondering about your physical appearance and you ability in bed, sex may make you feel more stressed than relaxed. This is known as sexual performance anxiety and can even get to a point where it makes you avoid sex altogether. There may be many reasons for performance anxiety. Some of these are: - Fear that you will not be able to satisfy your partner sexually - Lack of self confidence and insecurity about your appearances - Difficulties in your relationship - The anxiety about not being able to have an orgasm - A man's fear of premature ejaculation or taking too long to orgasm Thus, this type of anxiety is not rooted in any type of medical problem. Rather than medication, a change in thinking and perception is required to treat performance anxiety. Here are a few tips that can help you. - Fight stress Stress in your daily life can spill over to your bedroom as well. This can make sex an chore rather than something to be enjoyed. Recognize your stress triggers and find ways to eliminate them. Regular exercise can be very helpful in reducing stress. - Prolong foreplay Sex does not have a time limit or need to follow a set of steps. Like any other activity, your body needs to 'warm up' for sex as well. Instead of putting pressure on yourself to control or release your orgasm, get into the flow of the moment and take it slow. Try getting intimate with your partner in ways that do not involve sex such as a massage or having a shower together. - Communicate with your partner Talk to your partner about how you feel. Understand that it is not necessary to have an orgasm every time you have sex. Talking to your partner can help ease some of the anxiety and improve your relationship. - Talk to a therapist Asking for help is not a bad thing or something you need to be ashamed of. Therapists are trained to teach you how to be more comfortable with your sexuality and can help eliminate the triggers of sexual performance anxiety. - Give up control Do not hold yourself responsible for your erections or your partner's orgasms. To a large extent sexual responsiveness is governed by the unconscious mind and hence worrying does nothing.
3 people found this helpful

Saying 'No' - How It Is Good For Your Health?

Dr. Deepali Batra 89% (10 ratings)
M.Phil - Clinical Psychology, M.A.- Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Saying 'No' - How It Is Good For Your Health?
'No' appears to be a very simple and straightforward word. However, it can be shockingly hard to say. People most of the time agree to things that they really do not want. Since they would preferably feel overburdened and low rather than disappoint somebody, saying "no" feels easier to maintain connections with people. The repercussions of this absence of disagreement is critical. By overcommitting ourselves, we are actually consuming the majority of our positive energy and using it somewhere where you might not want to. This takes away from our common character and quality. It leaves us tired and we meet each day like it is simply one more battle. We also give up our own requirements for space, stillness, relaxation and imagination and are bound to our state. To stay away from this, we must know about our own necessities and priorities for both mental and physical well-being and joy. For this, one may have to know when saying "yes" will fulfill your requirement for rest, relaxation or self-awareness. When one does this, their unfounded dread of not being socially acceptable from saying "no" will go away gradually. Here are three reasons why saying "no" can prove to be beneficial: You will have additional time: The extra time made by saying "no" will, at any rate, prevent that forced clock from ticking. It will make you feel like you are in control. This can truly lighten up your mood and lift your anxiety and bolster your health. Rather than saying yes to going out for lunch or a party that you feel obligated to go to, but might not want to, simply try to say no. You will automatically feel happier when you are sitting at home, relaxing rather than forcefully socialising. You will be less remorseful: At first, you may be reluctant to state "no" because of a paranoid fear of passing up a major opportunity or the fear of missing out. As a general rule, nonetheless, in case that you need to state "no," odds are you have much better explanations for you not being there. If you do go for it, you might regret it afterwards thinking that you could have done something better with your time rather than having completely wasted it. Your associates will respect you for it: No one wants that they should be taken for granted. However, in case that you continue saying "yes" to each demand or opportunity, that is precisely how individuals will come to see you. The more you say "yes," the more individuals will generally expect things of you. This could prompt to a drop in your status and position and loss of control over others.

Ayurvedic Tips to Manage Stress and Anxiety!

Dr. Ruma Dey 92% (60 ratings)
MD- Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Guwahati
Ayurvedic Tips to Manage Stress and Anxiety!
Stress has become a common problem in day to day life for a lot of people. Too much stress can result in premature aging and accumulation of free radicals within the body. Stress can also cause premature hair fall, wrinkles, exhaustion and frequent frustration. Ayurvedic therapies can counter stress and combat its physical toll on the body. Here is a list of few easy-to-follow Ayurvedic therapy techniques, which are extremely effective against stress: A stress-free start: It makes sense to start the day without any stress in mind. Ayurveda states that a full bowel movement is of paramount importance to start an effective day. Abhyanga, an oil message before having a bath, proves to be extremely effective. This should be followed by a 10-minute break so that the body can soak the oil. Lukewarm or hot water should be used to take bath. Some other yoga therapies such as pranayama, transcendental meditation, etc. can be practiced to get a head start on the day. Abhyanga: Abhyanga or an oil massage is a good stress resilient. In case there is a time crunch, neck, hand and feet region should be massaged to fetch great results. A moisturizing oil massage in these areas has a soothing effect on the body and mind. Meditation: It is a known fact that meditation by far is the best Ayurvedic therapy to counter stress. Over 600 studies have shown that meditation has a positive effect on stress. It can successfully cut down the cortisol hormone in the blood and the level of lactic acid in the body by increasing the level of serotonin. A 15-minute meditation schedule on a daily basis can do a world of good for people who are living a stressed life. Therapeutic aroma: It has been proven many times in the past that therapeutic aroma can successfully relieve stress in the short term. The choice of fragrance can be from the flower at home, aroma locket, aroma oil, perfume and so on. These aromas will not only give a feel-good factor throughout the day, but also ensure that the level of cortisol remains at an acceptable stage. Keeping hydrated: Keeping hydrated throughout the day is of prime importance to lead a stress-free life. Plenty of water along with time-to-time green tea relieves the nerve and has a soothing effect on the body. It is also necessary to forego beverages such as alcohol and coffee for long-term health benefits. Soothing music: Music has a profound impact on the nervous system, mind and on the overall human emotion. It creates a feel-good factor and relieves stress throughout the day.
4 people found this helpful

Mental Problems - Homeopathic Treatment For It!

Dr. Mamta Gupta 87% (151 ratings)
Homeopath, Gurgaon
Mental Problems - Homeopathic Treatment For It!
The highest and most important level through which the human being functions is the mental level. The mental plane of an individual is that which registers changes in understanding and consciousness, reflecting the true essence of that person. It enables an individual to think, to complete, and to peruse the purpose of life. Disturbance of these functions in turns constitute the symptoms of mental affections, such as: Anxiety especially unrelated to any identifiable cause depression, especially when it is followed by withdrawal from people or from usual occupation. Loss of self-confidence Unexplainable mood changes Rudeness or aggression without apparent cause or occasioned by some trivial incident. Habitual underachievement The inability to accept responsibilities Phobia Unreasonable feeling of persecution Physical ailments and complaints for which there are no organic cause Symptoms of Mental Problems Dullness Loss of concentration Forgetfulness Paranoia Confusion Forgetfulness Sadness Suicidal tendencies Phobia Anxiety Psychosomatic disorders Personality disorders Homeopathic Treatment For Mental Problems Homeopathic treatment is not only confined to physical health problems but can also be used effectively against mental imbalances. Some doctors have recommended homeopathy over conventional medicines as the latter carry the risk of adverse side effects. Homeopathy can treat various kinds of mental illnesses including but not limited to bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, depression, and general anxiety disorder. Homeopathic treatment also involves intake of lesser quantity of medicine, shorter stay at hospital and laboratory examinations. What s more, you could also combine homeopathy with conventional forms of medication. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using a holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat mental problems but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat mental problems that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of different mental problems: Bipolar Disorder- Homeopathic medicine, Belladonna is quite effective against bipolar disorder. This is a condition in which there are symptoms of violent behavior. For example the patient may even strike the person near him for no particular reason. Another symptom for which belladonna works quite well is when the patient indulges in anti-social behavior such as spitting on other people. An alternative medication that is generally prescribed for symptoms like destructive behavior and screaming is Veratrum Album. Schizophrenia- Hyoscyamus Niger is the recommended homeopathic treatment for a patient who shows symptoms of schizophrenia. The main symptom of schizophrenia is a feeling in which the patient may think that there is a plot against him/her. This feeling may result in the patient avoiding everything offered to him/her, which could potentially include medicine. Another effective homeopathic medicine generally used for treating symptoms of jealousy and suspicion is Lachesis. Depression- Ignatia Amara has proven to be effective for patients with depression. This homeopathic medicine can treat symptoms such as non-communicative behavior and dull mood along with the inability to enjoy the company of others. Aurum metallicum is typically prescribed if your patients have suicidal tendencies. Carcinosin is generally used to treat chronic and severe forms of depression. Generalized Anxiety Disorder- If a person tends to feel worried and uneasy constantly for around 6 months or more then he/she may be suffering from generalized anxiety disorder. A medical practitioner could provide an accurate diagnosis. The patient may find difficulty in concentrating and falling asleep. He/she may also get fatigued easily and have frequent urges to urinate. The Homeopathic medicine, Aconitum Napellus is very effective against Generalized Anxiety Disorder wherein the patient may also suffer from frequent panic attacks. Trembling and palpitations resulting from the anxiety can be controlled by the homeopathic medicine Gelsemium Sempervirens.
1760 people found this helpful

Anxiety Disorders, Phobias and Their Management

Dr. Anuneet Sabharwal 89% (138 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Anxiety Disorders, Phobias and Their Management
Anxiety is one of those things that almost every individual faces at some point of time in his/her life. You can be anxious about many things. Sometimes, however, these can lead to a more complex set of problems called phobias; where a person develops anxiety towards a seemingly benign object/situation. For example, a person would be uncomfortable in water, and develop a phobia of swimming, or a person can be allergic to insects and get a phobia/fear of insects. Anxiety can lead to an emotional pain - a pain where there are no physical attributes. Having an anxiety disorder can hamper a person from performing his/her regular activities. Let us have an in-depth look into anxiety disorders, and their possible management. Understanding Anxiety: Sometimes, there may be no underlying cause of anxiety. Sometimes, the environment or the incidents a person experiences in his lifetime, can precipitate anxiety disorders. There are several symptoms of anxiety, and some of them can include mood swings, confusion, decreased self-esteem, fatigue, weakness, and general fear of one's surroundings, lack of concentration, and a general feeling of helplessness. The person's sleep pattern gets disturbed, and as a result, insomnia sets in. He/she might be unable to perform the activities that they were able to earlier. Anxiety sometimes causes the blood pressure to shoot up, and can result in heart-related complications. In severe cases, anxiety can lead to depression and complete helplessness, and this can result in suicidal tendencies. Anxiety is one of the most common mental health problems that individuals face today. Our changing lifestyle too has contributed a great deal towards it. Modern day urban living is highly stressed with long working hours, unhealthy diet, and frequent smoking and drinking, all of which can trigger anxiety disorders. Treatment: Anxiety management is not a single step process, and it involves layers of planning. The primary part of the treatment involves the evaluation of the patient first. The underlying cause of the anxiety has to be addressed first and evaluated. The trauma related to that particular cause has to be analyzed, and only then can the physical treatment start. The psychiatrist can help only if the person who is suffering is more open to treatment. Medication certainly works, and anti-depressants, as advised by the physician, should be initiated. Sometimes, a change of job or the environment can help a great deal in minimizing anxiety levels. Friends and family members should also pitch in, offering the support the individual needs.
2666 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

How can I get rid of chronic social anxiety disorder without medicine and stress.

Post Graduate Diploma In Counselling Psychology, Masters of Counselling Psychology
Psychologist, Mumbai
The only way is to identify your thoughts and its pattern and work on it by changing them using Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. This can be well done only with the help of a professional in the beginning.

I am 31 years old male, I have mood change frequently (anxiety and depression) having long time.

Ms. Gajalakshmi P.T. 90% (57 ratings)
MPhil (Clinical Psychology)
Psychologist, Chennai
Moods swings may be caused depending upon the situation you face and how you handle it depending upon the previous learning and the ability to cope up with the stress. It is very common in certain types of personality disorders, depression and anxiety. Get yourself assessed and get treated if you are not able to handle by your own or it causes distress in you are causing distress to the known others. Take care.

Respected sir, I have faced a bad situation which is because of our dog's death, one day on diwali night my dog was tied outside in the balcony, after his dinner my sis changed the dogs place, she tied the dog under the staircase which I s outside of our house, after tying it, me and my sis went inside the home after sometime we heard a crackers sound coming from our neighbours house, along with that sound we also heard our dog's sound too it was our dog's barking sound coming with diff way, we didn't took serious off it instead we thought nothing will happens to our dog as we tied him in safe place near the staircase where he can sit under it, but after sometime the barking voice of our dog stopped, after sometime we went there and we saw the place where our dog tied but there was no dog, we saw our dog hanging on the wall which is beside the staircase, the dog was no more, THIS SITUATION MADE ME SO BAD THAT TE INCIDENT TOOK BEFORE 3 YEARS EVEN TILL NOW WE aren't COMING OUT OF THAT BAD INCIDENT, i am THINKING THAT I HAVE DONE WRONG ABT OUR DOG THAT WE COULD not SAVE HIS LIFE IT WAS OUR MISTAKE.

Dr. Nash Kamdin 92% (2975 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
Dear lybrateuser, - Everyone sometime or the other faces some tragedy in life wherein there is a loss of our near & dear one, but we have to come over it & not feel guilty about anything as we try to give the best for the person or the pet - keep yourself busy in your studies or job, also any other activity which you like as keeping your mind busy reduces the pain & thoughts over a period of time & also the guilt feeling hies away when we do positive & productive things - help some needy or stray pet as a tribute to your dog & you will feel better.
1 person found this helpful

I have less interest in work and listing own voice in my mind 24 hour sadness and many related to kindly tell me good homeopathic medicine.

Dr. A.K. Khan 87% (78 ratings)
B.Sc (Bio), DMS (Cal), CMS , FWT, PET, DMLT (Cal), SBHM, Vacc,
Homeopath, Kolkata
Graphitis :- 30 .in no 30 globules to be taker 4globules at bed time after dinner for one month and report, consult.

I am suffering with ptstd, depression,agoraphobia, panic attacks from past 7 months. I am getting fear that I may become mad or going to die or going to faint. I have social anxiety also. I am stick into my room past 7 months. I do not even interested to go out and work. I am 23 years. I am getting inner voices i. Head. Feeling like my head is going to burst. I also getting tingling on lips, head and also face numb. please help me please I beg u.i want to live happily but this mental illness making me a fool in public and also I am getting abuses from my parents that I am not concentrating on anything. They are saying that I do not have amy mind and also that I am unfit for any business. please help please I went to psychologist and he prescribed me medicines. But they giving me sleep and tiredness. My pare. Ts not taking me to psycartists and saying that you are looking healthy. They can not understand my mental illness. I can not feel my hands and legs looks like living in someones body. Todays morning I felt I am going faint and my blood pressure down I think. I have taken 10 mg of tryptomer for the first time is that causes me that feelings.

Dr. Saranya Devanathan 92% (1273 ratings)
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear lybrate-user, You know your have many problems needing treatment. If your parents don't understand and take you to psychiatrist, you should go on your own. After all you need treatment. You can go to any government hospital or medical college hospital in your place and take treatment, if you can not pay. Once you are treated, your parents will know what you are. I don't think 10 mg tryptomer alone will help you. You may need more dose or change of medicines. Please consult the psychiatrist again. I can not say whether the feeling of fainting is due to tryptomer or due to your panic attack. I need more details to decide.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Is Anxiety Affecting Your Stamina?

Dr. Sudhakar Petkar 91% (680 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), L.C.P.S, PhD,D.P.S.M
Sexologist, Ahmednagar
Surrounding yourself with red colour during sex increases your sexual stamina. True or false. Take the quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Anxious all the time- What can be the reason?

Ms. Atika Shukla 87% (15 ratings)
Post Graduate Diploma in Pyschology
Psychologist, Noida
It is impossible for a person to come out of anxiety disorder. True or False? Take this quiz to know now!
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How To Prevent An Emotional Meltdown?

Dr. Mehak Arora 91% (48 ratings)
MPhil Clinical Psychology, Masters in Psychology
Psychologist, Gurgaon
Your cold could be a sign of an imminent emotional breakdown and you can avoid it just by closing your eyes. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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A Guide to Borderline Personality Disorder

Dr. Mehak Arora 91% (48 ratings)
MPhil Clinical Psychology, Masters in Psychology
Psychologist, Gurgaon
If you are a woman and have faced childhood trauma, you are very likely to develop borderline personality disorder. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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Movie therapy for mental health

Dr. Saptarshi Adhikari 89% (88 ratings)
Masters of Philosphy, Master of Science, Bachelor of Sciences
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