Celebrities all around the world have a huge fan base on their social media accounts such as Instagram, Facebook, YouTube and Twitter. But recently, it has been reported that numerous celebrities are quitting social media and taking a break from it to focus on their mental health.
Such celebrities include Selena Gomez, Justin Bieber, Kim Kardashian and many other world-famous icons. Ariana Grande and Ed Sheeran are also on this list alongside one of the biggest YouTube icon Lily Singh aka Superwoman.
But why is it so?
Different people have their own opinions. But most of them are of the belief that such world-class celebrities are quitting social media because they want to bring a balance to their mental health. The world of the internet and social media can at times become very suffocating, pressurizing and overwhelming as well. So, to stay away from such negative attributes, these celebrities are avoiding social media platforms. Let us find out how this trend of quitting social media is related to mental health.
How social media can have a negative impact on mental health?
Social media undoubtedly has brought the world closer and now people can connect with each other very easily without any hassles. But, we cannot miss out on the negative impact it has on the people also. Here are some very negative ways by which people including the celebrities can be a victim of it.
Cyberbullying - Cyberbullying is one of the most dangerous sides of social media. Teenage boys and especially girls can be a victim of cyberbullying. As a result of such bullying an individual can be affected with depression, anxiety and even develop suicidal tendencies.
Negative Memories - Social media can be a great platform to cherish memories with your close ones. But the same platform can also be used to trigger memories which are disturbing, embarrassing or depressing to remember. Many people, thus tend to get depressed or suffer from anxiety when they see such memories.
Hamper Reputation - Social media can be used to hamper the reputation and good name of a person very easily. A viral photo or video of any individual or individuals can be used to damage the reputation one has built. Many a time fake news, pictures and other media can be used to target a person and bring their name down. It is very much common nowadays and even with celebrities as well.
So, as you can see that social media can seriously affect the mental health of a person whether he or she is a common individual or a celebrity. Social media can bring anxiety, depression, embarrassing situations and many other negative aspects to a person's life.
As a result, they tend to suffer from a disturbed mental health which can also take a toll on their physical fitness or health. So, if you are facing such a situation or want to avoid any of these to affect your life, it is better that you stay away from social media for the time being and focus on a positive development of yourself.
Emotional problems make direct tasks and simple errands harder. High feeling, bubbling disappointment and hurt emotions motivate the person. Certain people become very protective. Protectiveness causes us to pry on others. Others might want to disconnect completely and resolve issues in a different manner. A great many people manage their emotional issues by opposing, quelling and overlooking them. At this point, your brain feels uneasy and you end up making rash decisions.
However, there are ways to deal with emotional problems. These are as follows:
In case that you continue facing this frequently, you will soon find that your relationship with your mind will begin to change. You will build up an intense metacognition (the capacity to face your reasoning) which helps you to handle your emotions and feelings in a great manner.
The medical model is a particular way of viewing human suffering, decay, dysfunction and, ultimately, death. It is a paradigm, a lens through which physicians and others perceive certain abnormal or aberrant phenomena like leukemia, diabetes, and now, depression and many other mental disorders. But despite the immense contribution of the medical model in diagnosing and treating disease, its literal application to archetypal human experiences such as depression, psychosis, and anxiety is problematical.
There is no denying that those who suffer from severe depression are ill.
In today’s times, depression has spread within the society like an epidemic. People with depression wake up feeling low, spend their day drowning in anxiety and end the day without any hopes for the future. Although the symptoms may be different, children are not safe from the clutches of depression either. It is more difficult for them to express their anxiety and helplessness due to their lack of understanding of the concept of depression.
Five percent of the children suffer from depression worldwide. If not taken care of, the depression can spiral out of control and potentially ruin the prospects of the child as adults. If you start noticing your child slowly retreating into their own world or unable to control their emotions, you must evaluate if your child is suffering from depression and take steps to help them.
Signs of depression in children:
The role of parents in helping a child overcome depression is of primary importance. While occasional bouts of feeling low and cranky is a part of growing up, extended periods of certain signs are cause for concern. They include:
• Being aggressive, sad or unhappy most of the time
• Saying negative things about themselves
• Lack of energy and interest in games
• Anxiety, irritability, and fear of social situations
• Disrupted dietary patterns
• Self-harming tendencies
Coping with depression
• It is important to notice unnatural behaviour in children and talking to them about it in a patient, non-judgemental and understanding manner. If the child is unwilling to talk, respect their space and broach the subject later.
• Depression doesn’t indicate the parents are failing in their roles. The cause of depression can be anything from genetic vulnerability to physical health and the immediate environment. The best course of action is addressing the cause and helping the child overcome depression.
• Often it is best to seek the professional help of a therapist or counsellor the child trusts. Forms of therapy including Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Interpersonal Psychotherapy can help the child through play therapy, family therapy, and peer therapy.
• Giving the child a conducive atmosphere at home and in school is crucial. You might want to explore the possibilities of bullies or other factors in school, especially if your child is making excuses to not attend school and has deteriorating grades.
• Invest more time in their daily activities and engage them in activities of their choice to relieve their stress and channel their anxiety better.
The average age of appearance of depression in a child is progressively falling lower. In the face of such times, the child needs the parents more than ever to feel safe. It is easy for parents to deny depression in their children as the other alternative is heart-breaking. However, early diagnosis and intervention help the child to combat depression more effectively. A combination of medication, therapy, and support of the family is the best way of helping a child deal with depression and become a happier and successful adult.
A person visits the doctor if he/she is suffering from any illness. However, in case of any mental illness or condition, one either is not aware or ignores it. Many patients also opt for self-treatment measures which are not advisable.
Panic disorder is one of the most common mental illnesses observed in most of the people. The patient suffers from panic attacks in such cases. These attacks are a sudden surge of fear and anxiety. Know about it and take necessary steps if and when it happens.
Symptoms of a Panic Disorder
It is difficult to recognize any mental illness, especially a panic disorder as most of the symptoms of a panic attack are similar to that of a heart attack. However, there are a few symptoms, which help people identify and differentiate between panic attack and heart attack. Some of these are listed below
Causes of having panic attacks
It is almost impossible to identify the exact reason behind the panic attack as various incidents cause the condition. A genetic tendency is one of the major reasons behind the panic attacks. Stress is another primary reason behind these attacks and is common for those people who have recently joined college, a new workplace or are newly married. A panic attack can also be due to other physical or medical conditions.
How to deal with Panic Attacks?
The best way to deal with panic attacks is to consult a professional, who will advise or help the patient handle the situations. If the doctor is not available, then it is suggested to follow a few measures that might help one deal with the condition.
A few measures to follow-
Panic disorder is a serious issue, which if not handled properly might lead to severe problems. Hence, it is advised to seek the advice of a professional at the early stage.
Living with anxiety on a daily basis can be really stressful. And while you are dealing with anxiety it is very important not to sway away with the symptoms and commit yourself to a treatment. For instant release of anxiety you really don't need to go for a vacation or to the spa or a weekend retreat. It is easy to beat anxiety within 5-15 minutes while you are at your home.
So don't think and instantly reduce your anxiety to give yourself a wonderful day.
Here are 5 tips to instantly reduce your anxiety :
Meditation for a few minutes daily helps relieve anxiety. As per a research, doing meditation daily changes the neural pathways of the brain thereby making it more flexible towards stress. Meditation is the simplest way to beat anxiety. All you have to do is just sit straight with feet on the floor and closed eyes. Next just focus your energy on reciting a mantra.
2. Deep Breathing
A 5 minute breathing regime is a sure shot way to relieve anxiety. Sit straight with closed eyes and place your hands on your abdomen. First start with slow inhalation of air through the nose. Feel the breath through your abdomen and head and then reverse the process by exhaling it out through the mouth. Psychologists state that deep breathing helps to bring down stress and anxiety by lowering the blood pressure.
3. Laugh Aloud
A good laugh is a nice way to shed off the stress and anxiety. When you laugh, chemical endorphins are released which elevate your mood. A good laugh also lowers the cortisol levels which are the stress hormones.
4. Talk to someone
Distracting yourself by talking to friends and family helps. The mind starts wandering when in anxiety and alone and the effective technique to talk to some trusted person helps. The support you get from family and friends just boosts you back and wards you off from the symptoms. In case of a panic attack, you can request the company of a friend and relative to watch over you.
5. Trick your Anxious Thoughts
Anxiety does not happen suddenly but is due to the mind's tendency to have negative thoughts spiraling day in and day out, and the worse is that you have no control over the thoughts. Learn to tame these thoughts and the triggers which cause these to keep anxiety at bay.
There are strategies which you can try to help you keep anxious thoughts away. They are as below :
a. Question yourself when you experience anxiety. A long checklist helps you make your thoughts more realistic.
b. Give affirmations to yourself that everything is okay, you will get over the situation. Usually affirmations are made to comfort one.
c. Know the physical symptoms , as many times, physical sensations like in case of a panic attack tend to trigger anxiety and stress. When you get used to the symptoms, the mind does not send signals for anxiety to the brain. Create exercise to habituate yourself to a panic attack.
There is no cure for anxiety but the fastest way to get your anxiety under control is to simply manage it.
What Is Adjustment Disorder?
Adjustment disorders are considered to be a group of conditions which usually occur when a person experiences difficulty in coping with the stressful life events. These usually include relationship issues, job issues or the demise of a loved one. The incapacity to adjust to stressful events leads to psychological and sometimes physical symptoms.
Symptoms of Adjustment Disorder
The psychological and physical symptoms linked with adjustment disorder occur either during or instantly after a stressful event. The disorder only lasts for 6 months but the symptoms might continue if the stressor has not been removed. The symptoms might vary from person to person.
The psychological symptoms are anxiety, crying, impulsive, lack of concentration, low or loss of self esteem, feeling hopeless, sad or trapped, and withdrawn attitude along with suicidal tendencies.
Adjustment disorder might display psychological and physical symptoms separately or together.
Types of Adjustment Disorder
There are 6 adjustment disorders and each one of them is associated with different symptoms:
1) Adjustment disorder with depressed mood: People diagnosed with this suffer from feelings of hopelessness and sadness and are often related with crying. Also, a person might not enjoy the activities which he earlier enjoyed.
2) Adjustment disorder with anxiety: Symptoms of this are anxiety along with being anxious, overwhelmed, and worried. People with this show less concentration and poor memory. When diagnosed in children, it is usually due to the separation anxiety from loved ones and parents.
3) Adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and depressed mood: In this type of anxiety , one can experience both both anxiety and depression.
4) Adjustment disorder with disturbance of conduct: The symptoms of this disorder are more of the involvement of the behavioral issues like starting a quarrel, reckless driving, destructing property and stealing. Teens suffering from this might become absent from school.
5) Adjustment disorder with mixed disturbance of emotions and conduct: The symptoms of anxiety, depression, and behavioral issues are observed.
6) Adjustment disorder unspecified: The people who are diagnosed with this type of disorder usually display symptoms those are not associated with other disorders. They exhibit more of physical symptoms and problems with family and friends or at school and workplace.
Treatment of Adjustment Disorder:
If diagnosed with an adjustment disorder, a person can definitely benefit from treatment. This is usually treated with therapy or medicines or a combination of both.
- Medication like nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytic, SSRI or SNRI and benzodiazepines might be prescribed for reducing the symptoms of anxiety.
The Value of cupping therapy as a treatment in present day medication
Cupping therapy pulls toxins, pathogenic elements, blood poison, dead lymph and cell flotsam and jetsam from profound inside the tissues to the surface. These crippling operators are then more effortlessly removed from the body. The stores disseminate from a couple of hours up to a little while, contingent upon the measure of stagnation and the patients post treatment exercises. The nature of the pathogenic components changes as indicated by the seriousness of the patient's blood stasis; which associates with the nature, seriousness and sort of condition they have. It can show up from a light pink to a dim purple, yet is normally a shade of red. Regularly modest raised knocks will show up. In some cases a reasonable liquid will be attracted to the surface. These are largely consequences of sickness and toxins being expelled from profound inside the tissues. For the most part, the expert will see the best measure of stores being attracted to the surface in the initial couple of medicines. The stores will decrease in force as the more profound issues are settled and the stagnations and toxins have been dug up and flushed out by means of the bodys' own circulatory frameworks, removal from the pores and sweat.
Although the marks look painful, they are not. Patients usually feel an immediate sense of relief.
Keywords: Cupping therapy, Toxins
Since antiquated occasions, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) have assumed a critical job in human wellbeing and welfare. Cupping treatment gets its name from the cups that are utilized to convey the treatment. Cupping has turned out to be progressively accessible to general society in the ongoing years. "Cupping Therapy is an old restorative treatment that depends after making a nearby suction to assemble blood stream with the end goal to advance mending". Cupping is a conventional idea thought to help in medicinal conditions and has turned out to be progressively more famous in specific situations. It is as yet drilled in country zones as it was rehearsed a huge number of years back, yet as of late has been recognized in the western culture. Cupping treatment is rehearsed worldwide and among various societies to oversee pain and other medical issues. Pain can be enduring and consistent with the patient inclination inconvenience, trouble and frequently anguish if the seriousness is high. Pain that can't be overseen by customary restorative consideration, is the most widely recognized explanation behind looking for remedial options in contrast to traditional medication and the more serious the torment, the more incessant is the utilization of such treatments.
DEFINITION OF CUPPING THERAPY
Cupping therapy is therapy of alternative traditional medicine. Due to utilization of cups, it is called as cupping therapy. Hijama is alternative name of cupping therapy. It is Arabic word, which means ‘to suck’.
HISTORY OF CUPPING THERAPY
There is reason to trust the practice dates from as right on time as 3000 BC. The Ebers Papyrus , composed 1550 BC and one of the most established therapeutic course readings in the Western world, portrays the Egyptians ' utilization of cupping, while at the same time making reference to comparable practices utilized by Saharan Peoples. In ancient Greece, Hippocrates (400 BC) utilized cupping for interior malady and basic issues. The method was profoundly suggested by Muhammad and henceforth very much drilled by Muslim researchers who explained and built up the technique further. Continuously, this method in its various structures spread into medication all through Asian and European human advancements. In China, the most punctual utilization of cupping that is recorded is from the popular Taoist chemist and botanist, GeHong (281-341 A.D.).
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE
Cupping treatment ends up prevalent day by days. Many physicians interested to practise this therapy. But very short information they fear to practise. Keeping this fact in mind this article is written to provide basic information of cupping therapy to all research scholar and physicians.
METHODS OF CUPPING
Cupping can be wet or dry. In dry cupping cups are set on flawless skin and the point is to just expel blood and liquid from the site of aggravation to the surface of the skin. Wet cupping, otherwise called phlebotomy, is the point at which mini incisions are made with an exceptional sort of lancet on the locale of the skin where the cup is connected.
The point is to evacuate shallow blood that streams into the cup which is believed to be brimming with poisonous and harmful substances. Cupping is performed by making a vacuum in the cup set on the skin by either applying a warmed cup on the skin which devours the air inside it (fire cupping) or by utilizing a suction pump (suction cupping). In flame cupping the expert may utilize a cup made of glass, metal or wood (bamboo). The cups are then warmed by consuming liquor splashed cotton inside the cups. The cup is then set looked down level on the skin as the warmth makes suction on the skin. Suction cupping utilizes a suction pump to direct the let some circulation into of the cup after it is connected to the skin.
DURATION OF CUPPING
The cups are left in place anywhere from 10 to 15 minutes depending on the nature of the individual’s condition. However duration of cups left may vary patient to patient and severity of the disease.
A general course of treatment involves four to six sessions in intervals starting from 7 to 15 day gaps.
INDICATIONS OF CUPPING THERAPY
1. Musculoskeletal and autoimmune disorders: Cupping can eliminate pain causing substances, prostaglandins, inflammatory mediators and cytokines.
2. Cardiovascular diseases: Cupping eliminates excess intravascular fluids, excess lipids, vasoconstrictors and aetiology concerning substances.
3. Gynaecological disorders:
4. Haematological disorders: Cupping clears blood from fragments of haemolysed cells, liberated Hb, excess iron
5. Dermatological disorders: Cupping clears toxic blood from fragments of abnormally high IgE and other diseases
6. Endocrinal/metabolism disorders: Cupping eliminates accumulated substrates and metabolites from body and induces blood clearance; induce immunity boosting and pharmacological potentiation.
7. Neuropsychiatric disorders: Cupping removes pain causing substances, prostaglandins and aetiological concerning fluids from the body.
8. Respiratory and ENT disorders: Cupping removes pathology concerning substances and boost immunity.
9. Gastrointestinal disorders:
CONTRAINDICATION OF CUPPING THERAPY
SIDE EFFECTS OF CUPPING THERAPY
This particular method of wet cupping is a specialty treatment and must be performed by trained and qualified Unani physician.
Cupping therapy treatment allows the practitioner to determine with the aid of suction cups whether the position of the symptoms is the true location of the disease. Additionally, we can detect which organ is defective and in need of treatment. With the many forms of cupping therapy health care provider should review the literature and make their selection of cupping method and points based on treatment studies.
Stress defined as "an internal state which can be caused by physical, social and environmental situations which are an appraisal by the body as potentially harmful and threatening. Here physical, social and environment situations are known as stressors.
Till 1930, stress was primarily used in the context of engineers and defined merely as a strain on a material object. There is still a confusion between stress as a "cause" versus "trigger" or stress as a trigger or a response. It has seen that same stressor produce different reactions in the different individual. This response depends on the coping behaviour of the individual which include defensive behaviour, information seeking behaviour, affiliative behaviour and problem-solving behaviour. The genetic and environmental factor also plays a vital role in determining the stress responses.
Other factors determining the effect of stressor are
1. Nature of stressor: acute or chronic one
2. The frequency of stressor: exposed to a single occasion or multiple times
Body response to the stress
Many systems, including neurotransmitters, (noradrenaline, dopamine and serotonin), hormones (CRH, ACTH, Cortisol), and the immune system involved in the manifestation of the stress response of the body. The overall impact of all these systems can be summarised as follows:
1. All these effects lead to the development of stress-related disorders, including major depression.
2. They decrease the cellular and innate immunity.
3. They increase the risk of cardiovascular disease like coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure.
4. Increases the risk of infections secondary to decrease in immunity.
Stress and psychiatric illness
Schizophrenia and other psychotic illness
Stress plays a significant role in the course of schizophrenia. The person with schizophrenia who resides with families with high expressed emotion has doubled relapse rate in comparison with family having low expressed emotions. Here expressed emotion refers to the attitude of the family member towards the person who has a mental disorder.
Stress and depression have a complicated interaction. There is a complex interaction between stress, environment factor and gene which determine the outcome.
Childhood adverse event like abuse, Interpersonal conflicts or serious illness in a close relative may trigger the onset of Panic Disorder and other Anxiety Disorder.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Acute Stress Disorder (ASD)
PTSD develops after either experiencing or witnessing a life-threatening event or life-altering event. Its symptoms are flashback, nightmares and severe anxiety and intrusing thought about the event-mostly uncontrollable one.