A medical specialty, surgery is known to treat diseases and medical problems through incisions, where the body is opened and operated on. A medical professional who performs a surgery is called a surgeon. A surgeon needs to be highly trained in the related medical field. Surgery residency generally extends up to 5 years and involves training for many more years after that.
Surgery can mean a small outpatient procedure, which has very low chances of complications and entails fast recovery or a long major procedure that requires proper care and longer time for recovery. The severity of the procedure depends on the kind of surgery that is being performed and the medical condition it is treating
Surgeries may be performed on the heart, brain, bones, organs as well as tissues. Various types of surgeries include- Surgery for cancer, general surgery, endocrine surgery, Gynecological surgery, Neurosurgery, Orthopedic surgery, Ophthalmological surgery, Pediatric surgery, Plastic and reconstructive surgery, Trauma surgery, thoracic surgery, minimally invasive surgery.
Today a number of different types of surgeries are performed. Here are some common types of surgeries -
Humans started undergoing surgical procedures about 30,000 years ago. During a surgery, the particular part of the body that is being treated is opened up. Thus, in the case of a bypass surgery, the heart is opened up and the blockage is then located and removed. In the case of a knee ligament tear surgery, the ligament is removed and replaced with a rod.
Various instruments and machines are used during surgical procedures. These instruments and machines help surgeons perform the procedure effectively. Thousands of years ago, bone needles were used and surgeries were known to be highly risky. But today, surgical procedures have become simpler because of the advent of medical technology. The use of lasers, robots, and radiation has become common during surgical procedures. Thus, as medical technology advances, the meaning and definition of surgery are slowly altering. Now minimally invasive techniques have come up, which do not require the body to be opened completely. Only minor incisions are made on the part of the body which is being operated. It generally involves the introduction of a tube into the body to make the necessary alterations.
Minimally invasive techniques are generally less expensive and safer than normal surgery. The recovery period is also less in this case and the body heals faster.
Eligibility for surgery depends on the type of surgery one is seeking to undergo. Depending on the health and the medical problems that an individual has, he may be eligible or not for a certain type of surgical procedure.
Non-eligibility for a surgical procedure depends on the type of surgery one is undergoing,
The side-effects depend on the type of surgery a patient is undergoing. But some common side-effects that patients generally face after any surgery include-
Post surgery guidelines too vary as per the surgical procedure a patient undergoes. But, recovery after every surgical procedure is important and it is essential that one rests and regains health as per the doctor’s advice. Even minute post-surgery guidelines should be followed for optimum benefit from the procedure. Most surgeries also require certain lifestyle changes afterward. These lifestyle changes include a healthy diet, getting proper sleep and exercising regularly. Such changes should be adopted under the doctor’s guidance.
The recovery period varies according to the procedure that a patient undergoes. For instance, recovery after bypass surgery takes about 12 weeks, while recovery after dental surgery takes about a week.
Following are the most common foot conditions which require surgery:
When a person is told of the need to undergo surgery, one of the first things that comes to mind is the pain after the procedure. Is it going to be very painful? How long is it going to last? How to manage it? These are some questions that doctors are repeatedly asked and they spend quite a bit of time trying to put the patient at ease.
The talk about post-surgery pain management should begin well ahead of surgery so that the patient can plan accordingly and be mentally prepared. There could be cases where the patient may need to have a caretaker when back home so that they can assist in daily chores and manage pain. Read on to know some of the tips to manage pain.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Hernia refers to the condition when an organ or fatty tissue inside the body begins to protrude from its location. Hernias are mostly detected in the groin, belly, or the stomach region. They occur because of muscle weakness in the said region where it is detected but they can be treated with surgery. In most cases, a surgery is prescribed and laparoscopic hernia repair is a very popular surgical procedure that has proven to be successful in most of the cases. This is why a growing number of patients decide to go for it.
Laparoscopic hernia repair: procedure: In this surgical procedure, a laparoscope (an instrument with a high-resolution camera and high-intensity light) is passed inside the abdomen through small incisions that varies between 0.5 and 1.5 inches in length. When the laparoscope moves inside the abdomen, it sheds light on the hernia and sends the images to the monitor connected to it. The surgeon views the hernia on the monitor and then the abdominal cavity is made to swell with carbon dioxide so that the surgeon can find enough space to operate the hernia. Once this is done, the surgeons operate the hernia with tiny surgical instruments. Once the hernia is removed, space or the hole is covered with a mesh from inside the abdomen.
Advantages of laparoscopic hernia repair: The laparoscopic procedure is popular because it is comfortable for the patient in many ways. They have to endure lesser post-operative pain as compared to open surgery, which means the recovery is quicker. They require lesser drugs for healing and the patient can get back to work in fewer days. It is an advanced form of surgery and thus, gives better results.
Disadvantages of laparoscopic hernia repair: While the non-invasive laparoscopic surgery has several advantages, it also comes with some drawbacks. It is lengthier in comparison to open surgery and also costs more. It cannot be performed by all the surgeons and only those who are skilled in this type of surgery can do justice to the different cases of a hernia.
Recovery after laparoscopic hernia repair: The patient takes one to two weeks after the surgery to return to light activity and daily routine. Nevertheless, heavy exercise and strenuous activity should be avoided until four weeks after the surgery. The full recovery time differs from patient to patient depending on their age, gender, and health condition but one month is the average time for full recovery.
555 Manish Technique for inguinal hernia repair:
Totally extra-peritoneal (TEP) repair of inguinal hernia is now a standard surgical technique. A 12 mm incision in infra-umbilical region for Hasson trocar is must for TEP repair of inguinal hernia. This is the only technique known to laparoscopic surgeons. We have innovated a "555 Technique" for completing Mini TEP repair of inguinal hernia by using all three 5 mm ports.
555 Technique" is a feasible option without compromising the principles of TEP repair for inguinal hernia. Innovation of simple "Manish Retractor" is the key in completing Mini TEP repair. This technique is simple, less invasive, less morbid, and cost effective as it avoids dependence over costly Hasson trocar with better cosmetic results. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Types of Weight Loss Surgeries-
1. Gastric Band
A band is put around stomach tightly which divides the stomach into two sections, namely smaller upper and larger lower which is connected through a small tube by which emptying of the upper part becomes slow. Since less food is required to fill this pouch; there is no need to eat much. The band is connected to a device under the skin. It can be tightened after 4-6 weeks after surgery.
Merits: Simpler method. Recovery is faster leaving a small scar.
2. Sleeve Gastrectomy
In this procedure, a larger portion of the stomach is cut off, and the remaining smaller part is attached to the intestine. Smaller the stomach, lesser is the production of appetite-regulating hormone ghrelin. As a result, less food is taken in.
Merits: It is a simple method. As it does not involve intestines, the process of absorption takes place smoothly, and the patient does not fall short of nutrients.
Demerits: It is an irreversible process. It can cause infection and leaking of sleeve might take place.
3. Duodenal Switch with Biliopancreatic Diversion
In this procedure, a larger part (70%) of the stomach is cut off leaving the duodenum. The surgeon cuts the middle part of intestine attaches it to the duodenum. It is called duodenal switch. The leftover part of the intestine is again attached to the last part of intestine allowing pancreatic juices and bile to flow into that part. This is biliopancreatic division. Food passes directly into the small intestine limiting absorption of nutrients and calories, ultimately resulting in weight loss.
Merits: It is a fast method to lose weight, and the patient can eat large amounts of food.
Demerits: Nutritional deficiencies are seen.
4. Gastric Ballooning
A small balloon filled with salt and water is placed in the stomach through a thin tube via throat.Merits: The patient feels full and will not be able to eat much.
Demerits: It is a temporary method, which can last only for 6 months.
5. Gastric Bypass
In this procedure, the surgeon divides the stomach into two parts, namely upper and lower. Here, the upper part of the stomach is directly connected to the last part of the intestine.
Merits: More than 50% weight loss take place, as much weight gets reduced, and conditions, such as diabetes and blood pressure come under control.
Demerits: As less of nutrients are absorbed, the patient might land up into anemia and nutritional deficiency. The patient might need to take supplements after surgery to maintain balance. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The thyroid gland is located on the front base of the neck and its shape is like a butterfly. The thyroid gland plays a significant role in our body by secreting several hormones that are collectively called as thyroid hormones. These hormones regulate different processes throughout the body such as influencing the metabolism, body temperature and keeping the other organs to function properly. Sometimes, the thyroid gland is affected by various disorders such as goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland), hyperthyroidism (over-production of thyroid hormone), hypothyroidism (insufficient production of thyroid hormone), and thyroid cancer. Thyroid surgery is also called, thyroidectomy and is used to treat thyroid disorders.
Here are some common reasons why thyroid surgery is advised:
Types of thyroid surgeries:
Although there are different types of thyroid surgeries the most common types are:
Thyroid disorders can be treated with various treatment options but it is better to have a thyroid surgery if the underlying thyroid disorder becomes severe. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!