Bypass surgery refers to a surgical procedure that helps in diverting the blood flow around a blocked or partially blocked artery of the heart. It is done to create a new pathway to the heart and improving the flow of blood to the heart muscle. During this surgery, a healthy, well-functioning blood vessel is taken from the arm, chest or leg and then connected to the other arteries in the heart so that the blood can bypass the blocked or the diseased area.
One may require a bypass surgery in the following cases:
The following preparation needs to be taken in before undergoing a bypass surgery:
The procedure of a bypass surgery involves the following steps:
Since bypass surgery is a major operation, you may be admitted in the ICU for one or two days while your blood pressure, breathing, heart and other vital signs will be monitored. The breathing tube remains in the throat till the time you gain consciousness and can breathe on your own. If you do not have any complications, you are likely to be discharged within a week. Initially, simple tasks like walking or your daily jobs may become difficult to perform. Consult your doctor if you face any of the following symptoms that indicate an infection of your wound:
Risk & Complication
The risk of a complication is generally low in a bypass surgery, though it depends on your overall general health before the surgery. The risk factor will be higher if the surgery was done in an emergency basis, or if you have serious health conditions like kidney disease, diabetes, blocked arteries in the legs or emphysema (lung disease).
The possible risk and complications associated with a bypass surgery are:
Post surgery, a patient stays well and free from any symptoms for the next 10-15 years. It is likely that the graft that has been used gets clogged eventually after a prolonged time period, requiring another bypass surgery or angioplasty. Apart from taking your medicines timely, it is important to make certain changes in lifestyle like quit smoking, maintain a healthy diet and weight, exercise on a regular basis and manage stress. Cardiac rehabilitation is another customised programme of education and exercise that helps to recover after a heart surgery.
The cost of a bypass surgery would be approximately Rs. 1,50,000 – Rs. 3,50,000.