Graft surgery is a procedure to move tissue from one part of the body to another part or another person, without bringing its own blood supply with it. Graft treatment can sometimes be done using artificial devices. A gum graft is a form of gum recession surgery. That means a gum graft is done in order to protect the teeth from the ill effects of gum recession. When the tissue that surrounds the teeth pulls away from the tooth, it is called gum recession. In such a case, the dentist may advise for a gum graft as this recession may cause damage to the supporting bone and lead to sensitivity, tooth loss and other complications. Postoperative care should be taken seriously. Diet and medications should be taken as advised by the surgeon. Flossing or brushing the gum line is to be done only after the area heals. A special mouthwash is given and it should be used to avoid plaque. Soft foods like eggs, cooked vegetables and ice cream can be taken for a week after the surgery. Bleeding, excessive pain, swelling and bruising are signs that you should immediately report to your surgeon. It may take a week or two for complete recovery. Most insurance companies cover a portion of these gum grafts. However, these payment options can be discussed with the dentist. This surgery results in the improvement the appearance of one's smile and saves from any damage caused to the bones surrounding the gums.