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Overview

Stroke - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What happens in Stroke?

Stoke happens when the blood supply to the brain is either reduced or interrupted. When this condition happens, the brain cells do not get adequate oxygen or nutrients which causes the tissues in the brain to die.As being said, strokes occur due to impaired blood supply to the brain. So it happens either the blood supply channel has been blocked or some blood vessel in the brain has ruptured.

There are mainly three types of stroke:

  • Ischemic stroke
  • Hemorrhagic stroke and
  • TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack)

Ischemic Stroke

This is the most common form of stroke, which account for more than 85% of strokes all across the globe. This type of stroke is a result of blocked or narrowed arteries, which sends blood to the brain. Arterial stenosis (narrowing) subsequently results in severe, reduction in blood flow to the brain.The block in arteries often happens because of blood clots. These clots can either get formed inside the main arteries that connect to the brain, or even in the narrowing arteries that are within the brain. These clots are mostly formed by fatty deposits within the arteries, which are medically known as plaque.

Hemorrhagic stroke

This kind of stroke happens mainly due to leaking or bursting arteries that spilled blood inside the brain. The leaked blood from the arteries puts pressure inside the brain and damages the cerebral tissues. Blood vessels during a hemorrhagic stroke can burst in the middle of the brain or near the surface of the brain cells, leaking blood into the cellular space between the brain and the skull.Hemorrhagic stroke can happen because of conditions such as trauma, hypertension, weakening in the vessel walls (aneurysm) or because of blood thinning medications like heparin and others.Intracerebral hemorrhage is the most prevalent type of hemorrhagic stroke. Subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is less common is the next type that happens during a stroke. In this case bleeding happens in the area the area between the brain and the thin tissue that separates it from the cranial bones, medically referred as the subarachnoid space.

TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack)

TAIs are a little different from the other two forms of strokes. In this case the blood flow to the brain gets interrupted for a very brief period of time as it happens in ischemic strokes. TAIs are often caused by small blood clots in the arteries.However, nevertheless TAIs are also considered as medical emergencies, since they can be real warnings for future strokes. It has been found left untreated TAI patients have major strokes within a period of one year after getting affected with TAI.

Since it’s an absolute medical emergency, call a doctor immediately, if found that you or anyone near you has been identified with symptoms of stroke.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Symptoms
Splitting headache, possibly along with vomiting and altered consciousness. Confusion in speaking and understanding. Numbness particularly on one side of the face, leg or arms. Trouble seeing with one or both the eyes. Lack of coordination, dizziness and difficulty in walking.

Popular Health Tips

7 Warning Signs Of A Stroke That Everyone Should Know!

DM - Cardiology -, MD - General Medicine - , MBBS, FSCAI, MHRS, FACC, FESC , Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology & EP, Interventional Cardiology & EP and Devices, Senior Specialist( Interventional Cardiology), Fellow of southeast Asian Interventional Cardiology Society, International Award of Excellence in Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
7 Warning Signs Of A Stroke That Everyone Should Know!

Stroke is a condition known to all for its deadly impact. Even if the affected person survives, the after-effects can be immensely debilitating right from affecting movement to speech. Being informed, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Here are the common signs of stroke that you should be aware of:

  1. Numbing of arms and legs: Many people wake up and find that their arms and legs are numb and they tend to assume that it is due to compression of the nerve. But the actual reality is that the flow of blood through the arteries running up to the spine is reduced, and it has led to weakness or numbness on either side of the body.
  2. Double vision and blurriness: Vision problems can also be a strong indicator of stroke even though most people think it is due to long hours of work or aging. When you see two images of the same object, it doesn’t have to mean that you are reading too much. It could mean that the blood vessel in charge of supplying oxygen to the eyes has been disrupted or blocked.
  3. Slurred speech: Some medicines, particular painkillers can cause speech issues. But this is not the case always; if it is not a side effect that you typically experience after taking painkillers, you should consult a healthcare expert without any delay. 
  4. Confusion and trouble over thinking and articulating: When you find yourself in a state where you cannot recall the right word to explain the right thing, you may rest assured that it is an issue stemming from the stroke. If you find yourself to struggle thinking or finding a word very commonly, then you are heading for big trouble.
  5. Balance problems: Some people have balance issues, and they think it is due to the dose of alcohol, but experts say it is crucial to identify whether this assumption is correct. You will never have delayed balance problems, and therefore, you cannot blame a drink that you had last day. So, if you have balance issues without any identifiable reason, it is advisable to call a doctor.
  6. A headache that becomes intolerable at times: Headaches can be a sign of a migraine but in case you are not prone to this ailment, then the debilitating headache could indicate a stroke. Migraine headaches can also mean stroke since both of them have similar signs and symptoms.
  7. Fatigue that won’t let you stay upright: If you are not doing any physically strenuous job but still feel tired most of the time, it could be a warning sign of stroke. If it continues for over a week, it is recommended that you consult an expert immediately.

Equipped with this knowledge, stay aware and pay attention to the indications your body gives to take care of yourself.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2639 people found this helpful

Stroke - How Physiotherapy Can Help With It?

Master of Physiotherapy (MPT-Neuro), Bachelor of physiotherapy(BPT)
Physiotherapist, Ahmedabad
Stroke - How Physiotherapy Can Help With It?

Stroke is a medical condition in which the flow of blood towards the brain is poor and causes the death of certain cells. There are two common types of stroke: 

1. Ischemic- due to lack of blood flow
2. Hemorrhagic- due to bleeding

Signs and symptoms of stroke 

  • Problems with movement
  • Inability to feel  on one side of the body
  • Problems understanding or in speech
  • Vertigo
  • Loss of vision
  • Difficulty in carrying out everyday activities

Role of Physiotherapy for Patients with Stroke

  • The main focus of physiotherapy is to help you use your arms and legs to regain as much strength and movement as possible.
  • If you have one-sided paralysis, correct positioning is important to prevent spasm or injury.
  • It helps you to sit up as this will help you avoid blood clots in your legs, improve your breathing and help you recover quickly.
  • If you are unable to move, you may be given chest physiotherapy to keep your lungs free of infection.

What does a Physiotherapist do?

  • A physiotherapist advises you on how you should be positioned when lying or sitting, and how often you need to be moved.
  • Motivates you to be actively involved in your physiotherapy sessions to help you relearn normal patterns of movement
  • Decides when you should begin to start walking and what equipment is needed to move or support you
  • Provides therapy to strengthen your limbs and teach you how to move again as independently as possible
  • Takes care of the fact that no complications should arise and you have a smooth recovery.

Treatment Techniques:

  • Strength Training: It is evident that strength training can improve upper-limb strength and function without increasing tone or pain in individuals with stroke.
  • Gaming: Goal orientated computer gaming has proven to significantly reduce upper limb impairment in stroke survivors.
  • Virtual Reality: Virtual reality training has been shown to be effective in restoring upper limb motor impairments and motor-related functional abilities.
  • Mirror Therapy: Mirror therapy has been shown to have a beneficial effect on motor control and function compared to conventional therapy.
  • Robot-Assisted Therapy: It has been shown to have a beneficial effect on motor recovery and function.

In the upper extremity with severe impairment and/or poor prognosis for recovery, Chedoke McMaster Stroke Assessment (CMSA) of Arm and Hand < Stage 4) treatment should focus on maintaining a comfortable, pain-free, mobile arm and hand. Engage in repetitive and intense use of novel tasks that challenge the stroke survivor to acquire necessary motor skills to use the involved upper limb during functional tasks and activities. Engage in motor-learning training including the use of imagery.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4687 people found this helpful

The Healing Power Of Yoga After A Stroke!

MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda,
The Healing Power Of Yoga After A Stroke!

Yoga is a spiritual practice combined with both mental and physical disciplines which for the first time emerged on Indian soil and later split into various schools but the actual fragrance of yoga remained same throughout the time. Nowadays, with increasing studies and researchers on various pre-Vedic traditions put an entirely new light on the practice of Yoga. While until now it has mainly been considered as a spiritual practice, a new study from Indianapolis University claims that yoga is a kind of practice which is not only limited to psychological phenomena rather the practice of yoga enables one to withstand the effects of stroke.

  1. After You Survived Of A Stroke: In most of the cases, strokes finally lead to prolonged disabilities. It is due to the fact that a stroke takes place when a part of a brain fails to get a steady supply of Blood rich in Oxygen. Apart from this blockage in a vessel may hamper the blood supply in the brain. Similarly, the after effect of a stroke entirely depends on which part of the brain is affected. So a stroke may cause dysfunction of normal speech or steady movement of arms and legs. It is why after a stroke one has taken recourse to rehabilitation with the aim of resolving life-long disabilities. The rehabilitation process includes certain exercises basically opting for movements and physiotherapy. Sometimes the effort of therapists bears fruit and sometimes all goes in vain
  2. Yoga As A Healing Power: The new research from Indianapolis has voiced in favour of adding yoga to stroke rehabilitation because it consists of poses, breathing and meditation. In this study, forty-seven male stroke survivours were divided into two groups and between these two groups, one attended yoga session for eight weeks. After eight weeks it has been seen that those who attended yoga session has successfully completed the rehabilitation session in a comparatively shorter period.
  3. Practice Of Yoga Increases Your Chance To Recover Soon: According to the researchers, the added advantage of yoga is that besides improving balance it improves the quality of life and reduce the fear of falling. If you or any of your family members has survived of a stroke, yoga is not the first step you would be advised to take recourse to rather the researchers say that at first begin the rehabilitation programme but add the practice of yoga with it. But before you add yoga to your checklist, you should consult it with your doctor whether the yoga would suit or not.
  4. Yoga Develops A Style Of Life: In conclusion, it can be said that recovering from a stroke is actually to prevent the second attack. So you need to ensure a proper lifestyle without those addictions like smoking and drinking which are harmful to you. Afterall yoga develops an upliftment in thinking which would further help you to maintain a healthy life.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6215 people found this helpful

Stroke - How To Know About It?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Mumbai
Stroke - How To Know About It?

Stroke is a condition known to all for its deadly impact. Even if the affected person survives, the after-effects can be immensely debilitating right from affecting movement to speech. Being informed, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Here are the common signs of stroke that you should be aware of:

  1. Numbing of arms and legs: Many people wake up and find that their arms and legs are numb and they tend to assume that it is due to compression of the nerve. But the actual reality is that the flow of blood through the arteries running up to the spine is reduced, and it has led to weakness or numbness on either side of the body.
  2. Double vision and blurriness: Vision problems can also be a strong indicator of stroke even though most people think it is due to long hours of work or aging. When you see two images of the same object, it doesn’t have to mean that you are reading too much. It could mean that the blood vessel in charge of supplying oxygen to the eyes has been disrupted or blocked.
  3. Slurred speech: Some medicines, particular painkillers can cause speech issues. But this is not the case always; if it is not a side effect that you typically experience after taking painkillers, you should consult a healthcare expert without any delay. 
  4. Confusion and trouble over thinking and articulating: When you find yourself in a state where you cannot recall the right word to explain the right thing, you may rest assured that it is an issue stemming from the stroke. If you find yourself to struggle thinking or finding a word very commonly, then you are heading for big trouble.
  5. Balance problems: Some people have balance issues, and they think it is due to the dose of alcohol, but experts say it is crucial to identify whether this assumption is correct. You will never have delayed balance problems, and therefore, you cannot blame a drink that you had last day. So, if you have balance issues without any identifiable reason, it is advisable to call a doctor.
  6. A headache that becomes intolerable at times: Headaches can be a sign of a migraine but in case you are not prone to this ailment, then the debilitating headache could indicate a stroke. Migraine headaches can also mean stroke since both of them have similar signs and symptoms.
  7. Fatigue that won’t let you stay upright: If you are not doing any physically strenuous job but still feel tired most of the time, it could be a warning sign of stroke. If it continues for over a week, it is recommended that you consult an expert immediately.

Equipped with this knowledge, stay aware and pay attention to the indications your body gives to take care of yourself.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2614 people found this helpful

Sun Stroke Symptoms and Treatment in Hindi - लू लगने के लक्षण, उपचार

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Sun Stroke Symptoms and Treatment in Hindi - लू लगने के लक्षण, उपचार

गर्मियों में लू लगने की समस्या आम है. अंग्रेजी में इसे हीट स्ट्रोक और सनस्ट्रोक के नाम से जाना जाता है. जब तापमान चरम पर होता है और गर्म हवा के झोंके चलते हैं तब लू लग सकती है. इसमें हमारे शरीर के द्रव सूखने जाते हैं जिससे पानी और नमक की कमी हो जाती है और लू लगने का खतरा उत्पन्न हो जाता है. लू लगने पर शरीर में गर्मी, खुश्की और थकावट महसूस होने लगती है. लू लगने के कारण कई और मामूली बीमारियां जैसे कि हीट एडेमा (शरीर का सूजना), हीट रैश, हीट क्रैम्प्स (शरीर में अकड़न) और हीट साइनकॉप (बेहोशी) आदि भी हो सकती हैं. चिकित्सकिय भाषा में शरीर के तापमान को 105 डिग्री फारेनहाइट से अधिक रहने पर और शरीर के सेंट्रल नर्वस सिस्टम में जटिलताओं के पेश आने पर लू लगना कहते हैं.

लू लगना के लक्षण
* लू लगने पर शरीर में गर्मी, खुश्की, सिरदर्द, कमजोरी, शरीर टूटना, बार-बार मुंह सूखना, उलटी, चक्कर, सांस लेने में तकलीफ, दस्त और कई बार निढाल या बेहोशी जैसे लक्षण नजर आते हैं. ध्यान रहे कि लू लगने पर पसीना नहीं आता है.
* लू लगने पर आँखों में जलन भी होती है.
* लू लगने के कारण अचानक बेहोशी व अंततः रोगी की मौत तक हो सकती है.
* इसमें निम्न रक्तचाप और लिवर-किडनी में सोडियम पोटैशियम का संतुलन बिगड़ जाता है. इसलिए बेहोशी भी आ सकती है. इसके अलावा ब्रेन या हार्ट स्ट्रोक की स्थिति भी बन सकती है.
* इस दौरान शरीर का तापमान एकदम से बढ़ जाता है. अक्सर बुखार बहुत ज्यादा मसलन 105 या 106 डिग्री फॉरनहाइट तक पहुंच जाता है.
* हाथ और पैरों के तलुओं में जलन-सी होती रहती है

सामान्य उपचार

लू लगने वाले व्यक्ति को आसानी से कुछ सामान्य उपचार के जरिए भी बचाया जा सकता है. कुछ छोटे-मोटे आसन उपायों पर नजर डालिए-
* जब भी बाहर गर्मी चरम पर हो तो कम से कम बाहर निकलकर लू से बचा जा सकता है. लेकिन यदि बाहर जाना आवश्यक हो तो अधिक से अधिक पानी पीकर निकलें. ध्यान रहे कि खाली पेट न निकलें.
* पीड़ित व्यक्ति को सबसे पहले छांव में लायें. फिर उसके लिए हवा का इंतजाम करें. गर्मी के कारण शरीर का तापमान हुई वृद्धि, छाया में लाने से तापमान सामान्य आना शुरु हो जाता है.
* उसव्यक्ति को नमक शक्कर और पानी का घोल मुँह से पिलायें, उसके कपड़े निकालकर सिर्फ अंदरूनी वस्त्र रखें. बेहतरी के लिए शरीर पर हल्का सा गर्म पानी भी छिड़क सकते हैं.
* आप चाहें तो गीली चादर में लपेटकर भी तापमान को कम करने का प्रयास कर सकते हैं.
* हाथ पैर की मालिश करें जिससे रक्त संचरण प्रभावित होता है.
* संभव हो तो बर्फ के टुकड़े कपड़े में लपेटकर गर्दन, बगलों और जांघों पर रखे. इससे गर्मी जल्दी निकलती है.
* धूप में घर से बाहर निकलें तो छतरी का इस्तेमाल करें. नंगे बदन और नंगे पैर धूप में ना खड़े हों.
* तरल पदार्थों के रूप में आप नींबू पानी, आम पना, छाछ, लस्सी, नारियल पानी, बेल या नींबू का शर्बत, खस का शर्बत जैसे तरल पदार्थों का उपयोग करते रहें.
* ढीले और सूती कपड़े पहनना ज्यादा उचित होता है.
* अचानक से गर्मी से एकदम ठंडे कमरे में ना जाएं.
* जितना ज्यादा हो सके हरी सब्जियों का सेवन करें. खीरा, ककड़ी, लौकी, तौरी आदि का भरपूर सेवन करें.
* यदि आपके पास सुविधा हो तो ठंडे वातानुकूलित कमरे में रहें.
* इमली के गूदे को हाथ पैरों पर मलें.
* शरीर का तापमान तेज होने पर सिर पर ठंडी पट्टी रखें.
* घर से बाहर निकलते समय जेब में कटा प्याज रखें.

2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

A friend of mine 19 years old is suffering from Stoke and this is the second time. He's been admitted to one of the hospitals in Gangtok It's been 3 days that he hasn't gain consciousness He's been sleeping all day and night He's been spitting saliva only everything seems normal his pulse rate and heart rate tooLast time he had a stroke on Feb 2018I want to know how long it will take for him to gain consciousness.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Mumbai
To expect good results start a mixture of (KRUMI KUTJARISTHA RAS 1+ AROGYAVARDHINI RAS 1+ LAXMIVILAS RAS 2 + SOOTSEKHAR RAS 2) powder it mix with HONEY have thrice for 7 days empty stomach, after 7 days twice. For further assistance call with reports.

What are the precautions that we have to take in summer to be safe from sunstroke.

MBBS
General Physician, Kendujhar
Hello, Thanks for your query on Lybrate "As" per your clinical history is concerned please follow preventive steps like this - 1) Try to wear loose-fitting, lightweight clothing. Wearing excess clothing or clothing that fits tightly won't allow your body to cool properly. 2) Protect against sunburn. Sunburn affects your body's ability to cool itself, so protect yourself outdoors with a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15. Apply sunscreen generously, and reapply every two hours or more often if you're sweating. 3) Try to drink plenty of fluids. Staying hydrated will help your body sweat and maintain a normal body temperature. 4) Take extra precautions with certain medications. Be on the lookout for heat-related problems if you take medications that can affect your body's ability to stay hydrated and dissipate heat. 5) Never leave anyone in a parked car. This is a common cause of heat-related deaths in children. When parked in the sun, the temperature in your car can rise 20 degrees F (more than 6.7 C) in 10 minutes. It's not safe to leave a person in a parked car in warm or hot weather, even if the windows are cracked or the car is in shade. When your car is parked, keep it locked to prevent a child from getting inside. 6) Take it easy during the hottest parts of the day. If you can't avoid strenuous activity in hot weather, drink fluids and rest frequently in a cool spot. Try to schedule exercise or physical labor for cooler parts of the day, such as early morning or evening. 7) Limit time spent working or exercising in heat until you're conditioned to it. People who are not used to hot weather are especially susceptible to heat-related illness. It can take several weeks for your body to adjust to hot weather. 8) Be cautious if you're at increased risk. If you take medications or have a condition that increases your risk of heat-related problems, avoid the heat and act quickly if you notice symptoms of overheating. If you participate in a strenuous sporting event or activity in hot weather, make sure there are medical services available in case of a heat emergency. Hope that helps.

What are the symptoms of sunstroke? & What are steps to take to overcome from that?

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, Sunstrok is caused due to prolonged exposure high temperature with the underlying symptoms. Throbbing headache with Dizziness -Lack of sweating despite the heat. Red with hot, and dry skin. Muscle weakness or cramps. Nausea and vomiting. Rapid heartbeat. Drink a lot of fluids like water, juice, buttermilk and coconut water to hydrated the person to cool down body temperature. Homoeopathic medicines:@.Glonine 30-5 drops, thrice for 3 days. Tk, care.

Hi doctor, My body temperature is always hot since my childhood. I have a good diet, drink water as required but the temperature is always up. My husband feels bad to hug me. What can I do to reduce the temperature of my body. Thank you.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellowship in Infectious Diseases, Fellowship in HIV/AIDS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Technically, only temperatures above 99 degree Fahrenheit is Fever or abnormal. If your temperature isn't above that, you need not worry and there is nothing you should do to bring down a normal body temperature. Some people sweat more and may have seemingly low body temperature sometimes. May be you could have your husband talk to a doctor who would convince him that your body temperature is normal and he will have to get used to it.
1 person found this helpful