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Overview

Stroke - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Stoke happens when the blood supply to the brain is either reduced or interrupted. When this condition happens, the brain cells do not get adequate oxygen or nutrients which causes the tissues in the brain to die. As being said, strokes occur due to impaired blood supply to the brain. So it happens either the blood supply channel has been blocked or some blood vessel in the brain has ruptured.

There are mainly three types of stroke:

  • Ischemic stroke
  • Hemorrhagic stroke and
  • TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack)

Ischemic Stroke

This is the most common form of stroke, which account for more than 85% of strokes all across the globe. This type of stroke is a result of blocked or narrowed arteries, which sends blood to the brain. Arterial stenosis (narrowing) subsequently results in severe, reduction in blood flow to the brain. The block in arteries often happens because of blood clots. These clots can either get formed inside the main arteries that connect to the brain, or even in the narrowing arteries that are within the brain. These clots are mostly formed by fatty deposits within the arteries, which are medically known as plaque.

Hemorrhagic stroke

This kind of stroke happens mainly due to leaking or bursting arteries that spilled blood inside the brain. The leaked blood from the arteries puts pressure inside the brain and damages the cerebral tissues. Blood vessels during a hemorrhagic stroke can burst in the middle of the brain or near the surface of the brain cells, leaking blood into the cellular space between the brain and the skull. Hemorrhagic stroke can happen because of conditions such as trauma, hypertension, weakening in the vessel walls (aneurysm) or because of blood thinning medications like heparin and others. Intracerebral hemorrhage is the most prevalent type of hemorrhagic stroke. Subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is less common is the next type that happens during a stroke. In this case bleeding happens in the area the area between the brain and the thin tissue that separates it from the cranial bones, medically referred as the subarachnoid space.

TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack)

TAIs are a little different from the other two forms of strokes. In this case the blood flow to the brain gets interrupted for a very brief period of time as it happens in ischemic strokes. TAIs are often caused by small blood clots in the arteries. However, nevertheless TAIs are also considered as medical emergencies, since they can be real warnings for future strokes. It has been found left untreated TAI patients have major strokes within a period of one year after getting affected with TAI.

Since it’s an absolute medical emergency, call a doctor immediately, if found that you or anyone near you has been identified with symptoms of stroke.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Symptoms
Splitting headache, possibly along with vomiting and altered consciousness. Confusion in speaking and understanding. Numbness particularly on one side of the face, leg or arms. Trouble seeing with one or both the eyes. Lack of coordination, dizziness and difficulty in walking.

Popular Health Tips

Brain Stroke - Who Can Suffer From It?

Dr. Vishal Jogi 84% (10 ratings)
DM - Neurology, MD - General Medicine
Neurologist, Ahmedabad
Brain Stroke - Who Can Suffer From It?
A brain stroke can affect anyone at any point of time when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted. It can threaten major physical functions and can prove to be fatally dangerous at times. The brain stem which is placed right above the spinal cord controls the breathing, heartbeat and levels of blood pressure. It is also in charge of controlling some elementary functions such as swallowing, hearing, speech and eye movements. What are the different types of strokes? There are three main kinds of stroke: ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes and transient ischemic attacks. The most common type of brain stroke is the ischemic stroke is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, which prevents the proper supply of blood to the brain. Sometimes it so happens that the blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body have travelled via the blood vessels and has been trapped in the blood vessel which provides blood to the brain. When the supply of blood to a part of the brain is hindered, the tissue in that area dies off owing to lack of oxygen. The other variant of brain stroke is termed as hemorrhagic stroke is caused when the blood vessels in and around the brain burst or leak. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage. Remembering the F.A.S.T. acronym can help with recognizing the onset of stroke (Face, Arms, Speed, Time - explained below). What are the common symptoms of a brain stroke? The symptoms of the brain stroke are largely dependent on the area of the brain that has been affected. It can interfere with normal functioning, such as breathing and talking and other functions which human beings can perform without thinking such as eye movements or swallowing. Since all the signals from the brain as well as other parts of the body traverse through the brain stem, the interruption of blood flow often leads to numbness or paralysis in different parts of the body. Who is likely to have a stroke? Anyone is at a risk of developing brain stroke although ageing is directly proportional to the risk of having a stroke. Not only that an individual with a family history of brain stroke or transient ischemic attack is at a higher risk of developing stroke. People who have aged over 65 accounts for about 33 percent of all brain strokes. It is important to point here that individuals with high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, cancer, autoimmune diseases and some blood disorders are at a higher risk of developing brain stroke. There are a few factors which can increase the risk of developing stroke beyond any control. But there are certain lifestyle choices as well which aids in controlling the chances of being affected by stroke. It is crucial to refrain from long-term hormone replacement therapies as well as birth control pills, smoking, lack of physical activity, excessive use of alcohol and drug addiction. A brain stroke is a life-threatening medical condition, and when an individual has symptoms that resemble that of stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help. Treatment for stroke Treatment depends on the type of stroke. Ischemic strokes can be treated with 'clot-busting' drugs. Hemorrhagic strokes can be treated with surgery to repair or block blood vessel weaknesses. The most effective way to prevent strokes is through maintaining a healthy lifestyle. What is TPA? TPA is a thrombolytic or a Clot Buster drug. This clot buster is used to break-up the clot that is causing a blockage or disruption in the flow of blood to the brain and helps restore the blood flow to the area of the brain. It is given by intravenous (IV). This can be given only within 4.5 hrs of the onset of symptoms Time is brain Remember Every second Loss means brain cells die. Rush to the nearest Stroke Centre whenever you experience such symptoms. U can save the brain cells dying if you reach within 4.5 hrs by the CLOT BUSTER. Endovascular procedures Another treatment option is an endovascular procedure* called mechanical thrombectomy, strongly recommended, in which trained doctors try removing a large blood clot by sending a wired-caged device called a stent retriever, to the site of the blocked blood vessel in the brain Stroke prevention The good news is that 80 percent of all strokes are preventable. It starts with managing key risk factors, including High blood pressure, Cigarette smoking, Diabetes Atrial fibrillation and Physical inactivity. More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled hypertension or high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to control. Rehabilitation The best way to get better after a stroke is to start stroke rehabilitation ("rehab"). In stroke rehab, a team of health professionals works with you to regain skills you lost as the result of a stroke.
1 person found this helpful

Acupuncture for treatment of Stroke And Paralysis

Dr. Aura Acupuncture 90% (57 ratings)
Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Ernakulam
Acupuncture for treatment of Stroke And Paralysis
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to your brain is interrupted or reduced. This deprives your brain of oxygen and nutrients, which can cause your brain cells to die.A stroke may be caused by a blocked artery (ischemic stroke) or the leaking or bursting of a blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke). Some people may experience only a temporary disruption of blood flow to their brain (transient ischemic attack, or TIA).Lifestyle risk factors for stroke are being overweight or obese,physical inactivity,heavy or binge drinking and use of illicit drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines.Medical risk factors are High blood pressure ,Cigarette smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke,High cholesterol.Diabetes,Obstructive sleep apnea,Cardiovascular disease, including heart failure, heart defects, heart infection or abnormal heart rhythm.Other factors associated with a higher risk of stroke include personal or family history of stroke, heart attack or transient ischemic attack,being age 55 or older,Race African-Americans have a higher risk of stroke than do people of other races,gender Men have a higher risk of stroke than women. Acupuncture is found effective for the treatment of paralysis caused by a stroke. Researches tested the Shujintongluo acupuncture protocol for the treatment of hemiplegia, a type of stroke affecting one side of the body. The addition of acupuncture to standard drug therapy following an acute cerebral infarction increased the positive patient outcome rate by 11.77%.

Tips to Prevent Heart Disease And Stroke!

Mp Heart Clinic 87% (10 ratings)
Multi Speciality
Cardiologist, Delhi
Tips to Prevent Heart Disease And Stroke!
A heart attack is usually characterised by the rupture of a plaque which can cause the spread of the cholesterol into the blood stream. Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of pain, suffering and death around the world, today. Heart attacks are caused by coronary heart disease. This is caused by the narrowing of the coronary artery when substances like cholesterol block it. If not treated and revived on time, a patient suffering from a heart attack can meet a fatal result. So how can you prevent a heart attack? Cholesterol: We are all affected to some extent by what we eat. It is important to keep a check on your cholesterol, especially if it is on the higher side, so as to prevent a heart attack. Cholesterol is known to directly cause a heart attack, because if applies layer upon layer to the walls of the artery, and chokes them until they cannot handle the pressure any longer. So watch your food intake and bring down the blood lipid or fat levels with proper diet and exercise to alleviate the risk of a heart attack. Assess your Risk Factors: So are you at risk of heart disease and possible heart attack? This will very much depend on your medical history and allied ailments. If you are suffering from high cholesterol or even diabetes, your chances of having clogged arteries and a subsequent heart attack may increase manifold. Also, you may have a family history of heart diseases which can increase the risk of such ailments in your case. So, it is wise to assess your risk factors and take measures like regular checkups, medication where required and even other measures like diet and exercise. Blood Pressure: To prevent a heart attack, you can also keep your blood pressure in check. Constant spikes and dips can lead to a malfunctioning heart which can weaken the heart muscles and lead to a fatal result like a heart attack. Further, high blood pressure can lead to wear and tear of the inner lining of your blood vessels, which makes it that much more difficult for blood flow and circulation. So keep a blood pressure measuring machine or cuff at home, or visit your doctor regularly to keep tabs on your blood pressure. While these basic measures can help take care of the immediate and most direct causes of heart attacks, you can also avoid passive and active smoking, and indulge in a good diet with plenty of exercise to keep your heart healthy.
3873 people found this helpful

8 Home Remedies for Managing High Blood Pressure!

Dr. Sunil Beniwal 88% (48 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Jaipur
8 Home Remedies for Managing High Blood Pressure!
Blood pressure readings above 140/90 are classified as hypertension or high blood pressure. There are no specific symptoms, but prolonged hypertension can lead to a heart stroke. Listed below are a few ways to reduce high blood pressure: Limit your salt intake: The sodium content in salt disrupts the balance of fluids in your body, leading to high blood pressure. To avert hypertension, cut down on your daily salt intake to a maximum of one tablespoon. Indulge in physical exercise: If you are suffering from pre-hypertension (mild hypertension), it can be avoided or controlled by engaging in physical exercise such as brisk walk, swimming or playing a sport. Exercising regularly can lower blood pressure levels by 5 mmHg (millimetres of mercury). Bask in the sun: Exposure to sunlight alters the nitric oxide levels in your blood which leads to the reduction in blood pressure. Thus, soaking up the sun can prove to be a great way to avoid a stroke in future. Add ginger and cardamom to your diet: The two spices, ginger and cardamom, provide required warmth to your body and help in stabilising the circulation of blood in your body and help in bringing down blood pressure levels. Add more green vegetables to your diet: Green vegetables, preferably the leafy ones, are rich in nutrients such as magnesium, iron and folate which help in maintaining the blood circulation that is essential for combating high blood pressure. Switch to decaf coffee: If you can t give up coffee entirely, switch to decaf beverages as caffeine is responsible for tightening your blood vessels which leads to increased stress and blood pressure levels. Start drinking tea: Herbals teas such as chamomile, ginger, green tea and hibiscus tea contain herbal properties which soothe your blood vessels and nourish the blood flow. Herbal teas also help in hydration and rejuvenation of fluids in your body. Update your playlist: Music is proven to be therapeutic and updating your playlist with soothing Sufi, Celtic or Instrumental tunes can help you relax your mind and combat stress related blood pressure spikes.
3018 people found this helpful

7 Signs You Are Having A Stroke!

Dr. Anupam Goel 92% (39 ratings)
MBBS, MD (Gen. Medicine), DM (Cardiology)
Cardiologist, Delhi
7 Signs You Are Having A Stroke!
Stroke is a condition known to all for its deadly impact. Even if the affected person survives, the after-effects can be immensely debilitating right from affecting movement to speech. Being informed, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Here are the common signs of stroke that you should be aware of: Numbing of arms and legs: Many people wake up and find that their arms and legs are numb and they tend to assume that it is due to compression of the nerve. But the actual reality is that the flow of blood through the arteries running up to the spine is reduced, and it has led to weakness or numbness on either side of the body. Double vision and blurriness: Vision problems can also be a strong indicator of stroke even though most people think it is due to long hours of work or aging. When you see two images of the same object, it doesn t have to mean that you are reading too much. It could mean that the blood vessel in charge of supplying oxygen to the eyes has been disrupted or blocked. Slurred speech: Some medicines, particular painkillers can cause speech issues. But this is not the case always; if it is not a side effect that you typically experience after taking painkillers, you should consult a healthcare expert without any delay. Confusion and trouble over thinking and articulating: When you find yourself in a state where you cannot recall the right word to explain the right thing, you may rest assured that it is an issue stemming from the stroke. If you find yourself to struggle thinking or finding a word very commonly, then you are heading for big trouble. Balance problems: Some people have balance issues, and they think it is due to the dose of alcohol, but experts say it is crucial to identify whether this assumption is correct. You will never have delayed balance problems, and therefore, you cannot blame a drink that you had last day. So, if you have balance issues without any identifiable reason, it is advisable to call a doctor. A headache that becomes intolerable at times: Headaches can be a sign of a migraine but in case you are not prone to this ailment, then the debilitating headache could indicate a stroke. Migraine headaches can also mean stroke since both of them have similar signs and symptoms. Fatigue that won t let you stay upright: If you are not doing any physically strenuous job but still feel tired most of the time, it could be a warning sign of stroke. If it continues for over a week, it is recommended that you consult an expert immediately. Equipped with this knowledge, stay aware and pay attention to the indications your body gives to take care of yourself.
1692 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

If a person had a stroke it will be recovered completely or not, the nerved damaged will be recovered, is there is a chance of restroke?

Dr. Jatin Soni 93% (28261 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Damage to the brain can be recovered if treatment starts early and chances of restroke is present if triggering factor is not treated.
1 person found this helpful

I am 23 years and have excess of body heat which causes me allergy and puss formation in my body. And even I have asthma how can I control my body high temperature.

MD,DNB
Pulmonologist,
You need to exercise regularly and remember doing a warm up before doing exercise and cool down after your exercise. This will help you drain excess energy and controlling your asthma symptoms also.

My body always seems to be hot and my breathing is also seems to be hot, this results in blushing and watery eye when talking to people. But my health is ok. Whats the reason behind hot body and should I rectify it.

Dr. Sharp Sight 90% (53 ratings)
Super-Speciality Trained Ophthalmologists
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Dear lybrate-user, Hot body and watery eye nothing it happens due to over excitement or feel free without any tension. Just keep smiling and making new friends.

I am suffering from dry clause brain heating. and body heating and body pain.Please suggest me something for that.

Dr. R. Siva Shankar 89% (39 ratings)
M. D & BSMS, M. Sc clinical research, PGdip yoga
Siddha Specialist, Chennai
Hi Body temperature should be maintained by various physiological functions. Don't worry or think about brain heat, more over it won't get heat. Depending upon your habits, diet and nature of work, you may be feel like Drink more water and juice. Avoid coffee tea, smoking Just take oil bath enough to solve your problem Apply for oil Aswagandha Bala Lakshadhi Thailam Weekley once work with warm water If not resolved kindly let me know.

Health Quizzes

Signs That Warn You Are Having A Stroke!

Dr. Siddhant Jain Cardiologist 85% (13 ratings)
DM - Cardiology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Cardiologist, Indore
A severe headache can be a warning sign that you might have the stroke. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Heat Stroke Myths and Facts

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 92% (22549 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Sugary drinks are more effective than water in reducing the risk of a heat stroke. True or False?
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