When blood supply to the brain is interrupted, a person suffers a stroke. The brain cells do not receive the oxygen and glucose needed to survive and so they die. A stroke can be fatal and life-threatening. The brain can be permanently damaged. Many surveys reveal that 50% of people who suffer a stroke do not live for more than a year. A stroke usually happens to people aged 65 years or above.
How does a stroke occur?
1. Ischemic stroke: Clots are formed in the brain’s blood vessels or in the vessels in any part of the body which travel to the brain. These clots obstruct the flow of blood to the brain. The chief reason for the development of clots is deposition of fatty acids and cholesterol.
2. Hemorrhagic stroke: This kind of stroke happens when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures. The blood from the ruptured vein flows into the brain and damages the brain cells. The chief cause of hemorrhagic strokes is high blood pressure and aneurysm (thinning of the walls of the vein)
What are the symptoms of stroke:
The following are the usual symptoms that can tell you if are about to or just have suffered a stroke-
• The arms or legs on either side or the face feels numb
• Loss of vision in one or both eyes
• Difficulty of speech
• Sudden and splitting headache
• Disorientation and feeling unbalanced while walking
• Altered consciousness
Risk of strokes:
High blood pressure is the most common cause of strokes. If your blood pressure exceeds 140/90 you are at a risk of suffering a stroke. Diabetes or people with a family history of strokes have higher chances of suffering a stroke. More men suffer a stroke than women. Certain lifestyle choices like excessive smoking or alcohol consumption can actually increase the risk of strokes.
Ayurveda and the treatment of stroke
In the ayurvedic parlance, stroke is called paksha pakshaghata. The cause is Vata dosha (Vata is responsible for the sensory and motor activities of the body)
Ayurveda treats strokes by easing or relieving the symptoms or effects of a stroke. The most popular course of treatment consists of a combination of Basti, Nasya and Shirodhara-
• In Basti, a person goes through an enema to cleanse the body of internal toxins
• Nasya aims to clear the sinuses, nose and head.
• For a Shirodhara treatment, a person has to lie on her/his back and liquids mixed with medicins are poured down her/his forehead which the bloodstream absorbs through the skin.
• Dhanadanayanadi Kashayam, Dhanwantara Kashayam, Ashtavarga Kashayam, Bala Arista treatment restore the motor and sensory functions of the brain.
• Balaswagandhadi taila,Ksheerabala taila, Dhanvantara taila help rejuvenate the damaged brain cells.
• Some other forms of treatment include Ashwagandharishtaa, Brahmi Vati and Ashwagandhachurna.
• An effective home remedy is boiling 3-4 garlic cloves in 100ml of milk. Keep boiling till the mixture is reduced to half its original volume. This concoction should be taken right before going to bed. It helps to keep blood pressure and cholesterol under check.
After the treatment is completed, a person can expect relief from the symptoms of stroke.
Ayurveda can treat the effects of stroke efficiently with a combination of physical therapies and medication.
A brain stroke can affect anyone at any point in time when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted. It can threaten major physical functions and can prove to be fatally dangerous at times. The brain stem which is placed right above the spinal cord controls the breathing, heartbeat, and levels of blood pressure. It is also in charge of controlling some elementary functions such as swallowing, hearing, speech and eye movements
What are the different types of strokes?
There are three main kinds of stroke: ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes and transient ischemic strokes.
Ischemic strokes- The most common type of brain stroke is the ischemic stroke is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, which prevents the proper supply of blood to the brain. Sometimes it so happens that the blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body have traveled via the blood vessels and has been trapped in the blood vessel which provides blood to the brain. When the supply of blood to a part of the brain is hindered, the tissue in that area dies off owing to lack of oxygen.
Hemorrhagic strokes- The other variant of brain stroke is termed as hemorrhagic stroke is caused when the blood vessels in and around the brain burst or leak. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage.
Transient ischemic strokes- A transient ischemic attack (tia) is like a stroke, producing similar symptoms, but usually lasting only a few minutes and causing no permanent damage. Often called a ministroke, a transient ischemic attack may be a warning
What are the common symptoms of a brain stroke?
The symptoms of brain stroke are largely dependent on the area of the brain that has been affected. It can interfere with normal functioning, such as breathing and talking and other functions which human beings can perform without thinking such as eye movements or swallowing. Since all the signals from the brain as well as other parts of the body traverse through the brain stem, the interruption of blood flow often leads to numbness or paralysis in different parts of the body.
Who is likely to have a stroke?
Anyone is at a risk of developing brain stroke although aging is directly proportional to the risk of having a stroke. Not only that an individual with a family history of brain stroke or transient ischemic attack is at a higher risk of developing stroke. People who have aged over 65 accounts for about 33 percent of all brain strokes. It is important to point here that individuals with high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, cancer, autoimmune diseases, and some blood disorders are at a higher risk of developing brain stroke. There are a few factors which can increase the risk of developing stroke beyond any control. But there are certain lifestyle choices as well which aids in controlling the chances of being affected by stroke. It is crucial to refrain from long-term hormone replacement therapies as well as birth control pills, smoking, lack of physical activity, excessive use of alcohol and drug addiction. A brain stroke is a life-threatening medical condition, and when an individual has symptoms that resemble that of a stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help.
दुनिया में हर 6 आदमी में 1 ब्रेन स्ट्रोक का सामना करता है. हमारे शरीर में मस्तिष्क कोशिकाओं को ब्लड आपूर्ति करने के लिए रक्त कोशिकाएं लगातार मस्तिष्क को ब्लड पहुंचाती है. जब मस्तिष्क में ब्लड की आपूर्ति अवरुद्ध हो जाती है तो मस्तिष्क में कोशिकाएं मरने लग जाती है और परिणामस्वरूप मस्तिष्क के ऊतकों में ऑक्सीजन और पोषक तत्वों की कमी हो जाती है, जो अंत में ब्रेन स्ट्रोक का कारण बन जाता हैं. इस स्थिति में ब्रेन के कुछ हिस्से डैमेज हो जाते है या काम करना बंद कर देती है. इसके अलावा मस्तिष्क में ब्लड क्लॉटिंग या ब्लीडिंग के कारण भी ब्रेन स्ट्रोक का खतरा बढ़ जाता है.
इस लेख में हम ब्रेन स्ट्रोक का उपचार करने के कुछ उपाय जानें.
1. उच्च रक्तचाप को नियंत्रित करना
अपने स्ट्रोक जोखिम को कम करने के लिए रक्तचाप को नियंत्रित करना आपके लिए सबसे महत्वपूर्ण चीजों में से एक है. यदि आपको स्ट्रोक था, तो अपने रक्तचाप को कम करके क्षणिक इस्कीमिक स्ट्रोक या गंभीर स्ट्रोक को रोकने में मदद मिल सकती है. तनाव का प्रबंधन करने से, सही खान पान व स्वस्थ वजन बनाए रखने से, व्यायाम करने से, और सोडियम और अल्कोहल या शराब की मात्रा को सीमित करने से उच्च रक्तचाप को नियंत्रित किया जा सकता है. जीवनशैली में बदलाव के सलाह के अलावा, आपका डॉक्टर उच्च रक्तचाप के इलाज के लिए दवाएं लिख सकता है.
2. आहार में कोलेस्ट्रॉल व संतृप्त वसा की मात्रा कम करके
अपने आहार में कोलेस्ट्रॉल व संतृप्त वसा की मात्रा कम करके आप स्ट्रोक से बचाव कर सकते हैं. कोलेस्ट्रॉल और वसा, विशेष रूप से संतृप्त वसा और ट्रांस वसा, आपके धमनियों में फैटी जमावट (प्लाक) को बढाते हैं. यदि आप अपने कोलेस्ट्रोल को और वसा के स्तर को आहार से नहीं नियंत्रित कर सकते तो आपका डॉक्टर दवाइयां लिख सकता है.
3. धूम्रपान न करके
तम्बाकू के प्रयोग से व धूम्रपान करने से स्ट्रोक का खतरा बढ़ जाता है. उनके लिए भी जो अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से हानिकारक धुएं को ले रहे हों. धूम्रपान न करें.
4. मधुमेह को नियंत्रित करके
मधुमेह पर नियंत्रण करें. आप आहार, व्यायाम, वजन नियंत्रण और दवा के साथ मधुमेह पर नियंत्रण पा सकते हैं. स्वस्थ वजन बनाए रखना ज़रूरी है. अधिक वजन वालों को अन्य स्ट्रोक के जोखिम का खतरा होता है, जैसे उच्च रक्तचाप, हृदय रोग और मधुमेह.
5.फलों और सब्जियों से समृद्ध आहार लेकर
फलों और सब्जियों से समृद्ध आहार को रोज़ खाने से स्ट्रोक का खतरा कम हो जाता है. उसके बाद भूमध्य आहार का सेवन करें जिसमे जैतून का तेल, फल, नट्स या फली, सब्जियां और साबुत अनाज होता है.
6. नियमित रूप से व्यायाम करके
नियमित रूप से व्यायाम करने से जैसे एरोबिक या "कार्डियो" व्यायाम कई तरह से स्ट्रोक का खतरा कम कर सकता है. व्यायाम आपके उच्च रक्तचाप को कम कर सकता है, उच्च-घनत्व वाले लिपोप्रोटीन कोलेस्ट्रॉल के स्तर को बढ़ा सकता है, और आपके रक्त वाहिकाओं और हृदय के समग्र स्वास्थ्य में सुधार कर सकता है. यह आपको अपना वजन कम करने, मधुमेह को नियंत्रित करने और तनाव कम करने में भी मदद करता है. धीरे - धीरे 30 मिनट की गतिविधि तक व्यायाम करें - जैसे चलना, जॉगिंग, तैराकी या साइकिल चलाना, यदि रोज़ नहीं तो ज़्याद से ज़्यादा दिन करें.
7. शराब कम पियेँ
ज़्यादा शराब पीने से स्ट्रोक का खतरा बढ़ जाता है यदि आप पीते भी हैं तो इसे सीमा में पीएं यानी कम पीएं. ज़्यादा शराब पीने से उच्च रक्तचाप, इस्केमिक स्ट्रोक और रक्तस्रावी स्ट्रोक का खतरा बढ़ जाता है. हालांकि, कम शराब पीने से, जैसे कि एक दिन में एक पीना, आइकेमिक स्ट्रोक को रोकने में मदद कर सकता है और आपके रक्त की थक्के की प्रवृत्ति कम कर सकता है. शराब अन्य दवाइयों जो आप ले रहे हैं उनपे दुष्प्रभाव भी डाल सकता है.
8. प्रतिरोधी स्लीप एपनिया
प्रतिरोधी स्लीप एपनिया आपका डॉक्टर यह आपको है या नहीं इसके लिए आपकी जांच करेगा और पाए जाने पर तुरंत इसका इलाज करेगा.
9. अवैध नशीले पदार्थों से बचकर
अवैध नशीले पदार्थों से बचें जैसे कोकेन और मेथाम्फेटामाइन, क्यूंकि यह टीआईए या स्ट्रोक के निर्धारित जोखिम कारक हैं. कोकीन रक्त के प्रवाह को कम करता है और धमनियों को पतला कर सकता है.
What is Heat exhaustion?
Heat exhaustion is a heat-related illness that may occur after you’ve been exposed to high temperatures for several days. It’s one of three heat-related syndromes, with heat cramps being the mildest and heatstroke being the most severe.
Symptoms of Heat exhaustion-
Causes of Heat exhaustion-
Risk factors of Heat exhaustion-
Complications of Heat exhaustion-
Precautions & Prevention of Heat exhaustion-
Treatment of Heat exhaustion
Homeopathic Treatment of Heat exhaustion-
Homeopathic Treatment of Heat exhaustion balances body temperature, body water and electrolytes mechanism and reduces nausea and fatigue and other complaints. It also helps in the muscle cramps. Some of the homeopathic remedies used for treatment of heat exhaustion are:
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Heat exhaustion-
In the allopathic Treatment of Heat exhaustion, you may be given intravenous (IV) fluids to help you rehydrate.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Heat exhaustion-
If you are looking for effective first-aid remedies, you can opt for homeopathy. A first-aid kit should be a part of every household, containing medicines which serve a variety of medical conditions. For putting up a first-aid homeopathic kit, you need to add around 10 homeopathic medicines to start with as homeopathy is an ideal branch of medicine, which is efficient for a lot of first-aid purposes.
Here is a list of the top first-aid medicines, which should be a part of your homeopathic kit:
Arnica- Arnica is the best homeopathic medicine in case of all types of injuries and shocks. It helps in moving blood back into the blood vessels. This medicine is ideal for every injury or pain-related first-aid. It is good for curing strains and sprains, and also essential in case of jet lag and extreme exhaustion.
Aconite- This medicine is used in cases of sudden emotions and intense anxiety. It is effective for all kinds of health issues, which occur after being exposed to cold, windy, and dry weather conditions. This is an ideal first-aid remedy for cough, cold, fever, and chill. Aconite is also used during a panic attack.
Apis- This homeopathic medicine is used in cases of swelling, redness, and heating of the skin along with stinging pain. It is commonly used in case of insect bites and bee stings. It also serves as an emergency medicine in the cases of anaphylactic shock.
Argentum Nitricum- This medicine is an important first-aid remedy, which should be taken in case of anxiety, tension, and fear before some event. It is used when palpitations, diarrhea, burping, and stomach distention are experienced.
Belladonna- Belladonna is a popular homeopathic medicine, which is used in the case of fever. A person’s skin becomes hot and red, the pupils get dilated, and a throbbing pain is experienced. It is an effective first-aid remedy for mild sunstrokes and intense, throbbing headaches.
Bellis Perennis- This medicine is specifically used where there is a bruising of soft tissues such as the breast tissue, and other internal organs. The medicine is effective after a fatal injury or blow. It is a good remedy for internal bruising, following a hysterectomy.
It is important for you to consult a homeopathic practitioner or go through several homeopathic books for coming up with an ideal homeopathic first-aid kit, covering all the important medicines.
A brain stroke can affect anyone at any point of time when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted. It can threaten major physical functions and can prove to be fatally dangerous at times. The brain stem which is placed right above the spinal cord controls the breathing, heartbeat and levels of blood pressure. It is also in charge of controlling some elementary functions such as swallowing, hearing, speech and eye movements.
What are the different types of strokes?
There are three main kinds of stroke: ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes and transient ischemic attacks. The most common type of brain stroke is the ischemic stroke is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, which prevents the proper supply of blood to the brain. Sometimes it so happens that the blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body have travelled via the blood vessels and has been trapped in the blood vessel which provides blood to the brain. When the supply of blood to a part of the brain is hindered, the tissue in that area dies off owing to lack of oxygen. The other variant of brain stroke is termed as hemorrhagic stroke is caused when the blood vessels in and around the brain burst or leak. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage. Remembering the F.A.S.T. acronym can help with recognizing the onset of stroke (Face, Arms, Speed, Time - explained below).
What are the common symptoms of a brain stroke?
The symptoms of the brain stroke are largely dependent on the area of the brain that has been affected. It can interfere with normal functioning, such as breathing and talking and other functions which human beings can perform without thinking such as eye movements or swallowing. Since all the signals from the brain as well as other parts of the body traverse through the brain stem, the interruption of blood flow often leads to numbness or paralysis in different parts of the body.
Who is likely to have a stroke?
Anyone is at a risk of developing brain stroke although ageing is directly proportional to the risk of having a stroke. Not only that an individual with a family history of brain stroke or transient ischemic attack is at a higher risk of developing stroke. People who have aged over 65 accounts for about 33 percent of all brain strokes. It is important to point here that individuals with high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, cancer, autoimmune diseases and some blood disorders are at a higher risk of developing brain stroke.
There are a few factors which can increase the risk of developing stroke beyond any control. But there are certain lifestyle choices as well which aids in controlling the chances of being affected by stroke. It is crucial to refrain from long-term hormone replacement therapies as well as birth control pills, smoking, lack of physical activity, excessive use of alcohol and drug addiction. A brain stroke is a life-threatening medical condition, and when an individual has symptoms that resemble that of stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help.
Treatment for stroke
What is TPA?
TPA is a thrombolytic or a “Clot Buster” drug. This clot buster is used to break-up the clot that is causing a blockage or disruption in the flow of blood to the brain and helps restore the blood flow to the area of the brain. It is given by intravenous (IV). This can be given only within 4.5 hrs of the onset of symptoms
Time is brain
Another treatment option is an endovascular procedure* called mechanical thrombectomy, strongly recommended, in which trained doctors try removing a large blood clot by sending a wired-caged device called a stent retriever, to the site of the blocked blood vessel in the brain
The good news is that 80 percent of all strokes are preventable. It starts with managing key risk factors, including
The best way to get better after a stroke is to start stroke rehabilitation ("rehab"). In stroke rehab, a team of health professionals works with you to regain skills you lost as the result of a stroke.
As the famous quote says, 'prevention is better than cure', let us take you through some preventive measures to keep you and your loved ones away from the dreadful brain stroke. Brain stroke occurs due to an interruption in the regular blood flow to the brain or bursting of a blood vessel or due to the bursting of blocked artery, which reduces the supply of oxygen and nutrients, leading the brain cells to die.
Top 8 things that will reduce the likelihood of having a brain stroke:
Improving your health and taking charge of your life should be the top most priority and should never be ignored.
Strokes occur when blood to the brain gets interrupted or reduced. When this occurs, brain cells begin to die as they don't get enough nutrients and oxygen. Such life-threatening episodes can strike you anytime.
Many myths surround this medical condition:
Myth 1: Women don't suffer from strokes
The opposite is true. It is women who suffer strokes more often than men. This is because women tend to live longer than men whose longevity gets affected by heart disease. Since they live longer than men, they tend to be more vulnerable to strokes.
Myth 2: Strokes aren't easy to recognise
Myth 3: Strokes are a form of heart attack
Although strokes and heart attacks are closely related, they are not the same. In strokes, blood supply to the brain gets interrupted; on the other hand, in heart attacks, blood supply to the heart gets severely affected.
Myth 4: Only older people suffer from strokes
This isn't true young people can experience strokes as well. About a quarter of stroke cases are reported by people aged 65 and below. More importantly, irrespective of the age group, the warning signs are the same; it is only in response that differences can be found between younger and older people.
Myth 5: Strokes can't be prevented
Through changes in your lifestyle, strokes can easily be prevented. You can reduce your chances of getting a stroke by having a balanced diet, exercising, keeping an optimum body weight and limiting alcohol consumption as well as quitting smoking. Moreover, up to 80% stroke cases can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
A stroke may be called a brain attack. It may happen to any person at any time. A stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is cut off. The brain cells become oxygen deprived due to the stroke and eventually die. Dead brain cells result in brain dysfunction due to which patients lose control over muscle and memory.
Strokes can be mild to life threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Stroke requires advanced care and should be treated by extensively qualified and experienced medical experts.
Neurosurgery satisfies all the required clauses for treatment of stroke and accounts for being one of the best ways for management of stroke. Renowned hospitals have a dedicated neurosurgical wing and a team of neurological specialists who know how to deal with stroke the best.
This form of neurology focuses on patients who have undergone a stroke or have experienced symptoms of stroke. A multidisciplinary approach is taken for the prevention of recurrent cerebrovascular conditions.
Types of stroke
Treatment of Ischemic stroke
Treatment of Hemorrhagic stroke
What is Stroke?
A medical condition in which the blood supply to the brain is interrupted, hence prevents the brain tissues from getting enough oxygen and nutrients. In a matter of minutes, the brain cells tend to die.
What Are The Symptoms?
Paying attention to the warning signals is extremely important. It’s important to watch the signs, if you feel that any of your friends or near and dear ones might be having a stroke. The longer you take to detect, the treatment options would also get affected accordingly. Let’s take a closer look at the symptoms:
Person having problem with speaking as well as interpreting things : If you come across a person or for that matter, if you feel as if you are getting confused or eating up words while speaking, then it’s a clear indication as well as a warning that a stroke is on the cards.
Facing trouble to see in one or both the eyes: Are you having a blurred vision or feel as if there are blackouts at short intervals or you are seeing double of everything around you, all these are signs that you might have a stroke in the near future.
Feeling numb or paralysed on certain parts of the body: Sudden numbness or paralysis is a very common symptom for anyone who are about to get affected by stroke. This actually affects one side of the body, where you are unable to move your hands, legs or feel anything on the mouth. At that time, it’s important to try and raise both the arms over one’s head. In such a situation, if one arm starts to fall, then might be on the verge of having a stroke.
Trouble while walking: People who are on the verge of having stroke, might stumble or feel a tinge of dizziness, resulting in loss of balance or lack of coordination. All these point towards a definite chance that the concerned person might get affected by stroke.
When Should You Go To Visit A Doctor?
There is need to seek for immediate medical attention as and when you notice any of the symptoms of a stroke, even if you feel there is fluctuation in them or seems to have disappeared. Taking prompt action is the need of the hour. You can do the following:
You can ask the person to raise their arms and notice if one of them drift downward or they are having problem in raising one of the arms.
To see if they are able to talk properly, you can say a phrase and ask him or repeat after you, hence notice if their speech is twisted or strange.
Tell the person to smile and notice whether one side of the face droop.
So we have looked at the aspects of the symptoms related to stroke and how could you get an idea if a person is about to get affected by the disease. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!