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Overview

Hypertension - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Hypertension also known as high blood pressure is a condition where the force of the blood hitting against your artery wall is excessively high that it causes health problems like heart diseases. Blood pressure is usually determined by the level of blood which your heart pumps. If your arteries are narrow and your heart pumps excessive amount of blood, your pressure tends to get higher. Hypertension can develop for many years without any apparent symptom, high blood pressure can give rise to complications such as stroke and heart attack which might result to death if not treated on time. High blood pressure eventually affects everyone at one time or the other.

There are two essential (primary) hypertension and secondary hypertension. There is no cause for primary hypertension but studies suggest that it tends to develop over the years. Whereas, secondary hypertension can occur due to obstructive sleeping patterns, kidney problems, adrenal gland tumors, thyroid problems, congenital defects in the blood vessels, medications like over the counter pain killers, cold remedies, decongestants & birth control pills, illegal drugs like amphetamines & cocaine and excessive alcohol use. Secondary Hypertension can be an underlying cause of a much fatal disorder.

Diagnosis:

Hypertension is usually diagnosed during a routine body checkup. It is advisable to visit a general physician on the off chance that you develop high blood pressure. People who are between the age group of 18 to 39 and 40 years or older are at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure. An appropriate sized arm cuff is used to diagnose Hypertension. There are some machines available which can analyze your blood pressure levels for free.

Risk factors that can increase your chances of developing high blood pressure:

  • Alcohol- Excessive alcohol consumption can not only affect your blood pressure but also damage your heart and liver.
  • Family history- If one or more of your family members have hypertension, chances are that you are at a higher risk for developing high blood pressure.
  • Obesity- Hypertension is also very common in people who are obese and overweight.
  • Laziness- People who are physically inactive have higher heart rates. This puts a lot of pressure in the arteries resulting in high blood pressure.
  • Tobacco- Chewing or smoking tobacco can damage the lining of your arteries leading to severe Hypertension.
  • Inadequate vitamins- Very little amount of vitamin D and potassium in your diet can disturb the sodium levels in your blood causing high blood pressure.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Headaches Shortness of breath Bleeding from the nose

Popular Health Tips

8 Home Remedies for Managing High Blood Pressure!

Dr. Sunil Beniwal 87% (46 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Jaipur
8 Home Remedies for Managing High Blood Pressure!
Blood pressure readings above 140/90 are classified as hypertension or high blood pressure. There are no specific symptoms, but prolonged hypertension can lead to a heart stroke. Listed below are a few ways to reduce high blood pressure: Limit your salt intake: The sodium content in salt disrupts the balance of fluids in your body, leading to high blood pressure. To avert hypertension, cut down on your daily salt intake to a maximum of one tablespoon. Indulge in physical exercise: If you are suffering from pre-hypertension (mild hypertension), it can be avoided or controlled by engaging in physical exercise such as brisk walk, swimming or playing a sport. Exercising regularly can lower blood pressure levels by 5 mmHg (millimetres of mercury). Bask in the sun: Exposure to sunlight alters the nitric oxide levels in your blood which leads to the reduction in blood pressure. Thus, soaking up the sun can prove to be a great way to avoid a stroke in future. Add ginger and cardamom to your diet: The two spices, ginger and cardamom, provide required warmth to your body and help in stabilising the circulation of blood in your body and help in bringing down blood pressure levels. Add more green vegetables to your diet: Green vegetables, preferably the leafy ones, are rich in nutrients such as magnesium, iron and folate which help in maintaining the blood circulation that is essential for combating high blood pressure. Switch to decaf coffee: If you can t give up coffee entirely, switch to decaf beverages as caffeine is responsible for tightening your blood vessels which leads to increased stress and blood pressure levels. Start drinking tea: Herbals teas such as chamomile, ginger, green tea and hibiscus tea contain herbal properties which soothe your blood vessels and nourish the blood flow. Herbal teas also help in hydration and rejuvenation of fluids in your body. Update your playlist: Music is proven to be therapeutic and updating your playlist with soothing Sufi, Celtic or Instrumental tunes can help you relax your mind and combat stress related blood pressure spikes.
24 people found this helpful

Causes Of Hypertension And Its Homeopathic Treatment!

Dr. Imtiyaz Jaliwala 92% (168 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Vadodara
Causes Of Hypertension And Its Homeopathic Treatment!
Why homeopathy is good to control your high blood pressure According to statistics put forward by the world health organization, high blood pressure affects about 600 million people all over the world and causes about 5 million premature deaths every year. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is many times called the silent killer as it doesn't reveal any visible damage. But it does cause significant damage to the heart, brain, eyes and kidneys. What are the causes of hypertension? Certain factors cause your arteries to have consistently high levels of blood pressure and based on these factors your hypertension gets classified into the following: Primary hypertension: if the condition doesn't have an identifiable cause, it is known as primary hypertension. This form of high blood pressure develops slowly but surely over many years. Secondary hypertension: this type of hypertension is characterized by identifiable causes that can be corrected with treatment. About 5-10% of cases in the world are secondary in nature. It is usually caused by an underlying problem and tends to appear all of a sudden. Factors that fall under it are: kidney problems sleep apnea thyroid problems adrenal gland problems alcohol abuse Role of homeopathy in treating high blood pressure Apart from conventional forms of medicine, homeopathy is also considered to be an effective treatment of high blood pressure. The treatment is tailor-made to your needs as it takes into consideration your external and internal environments. This is because the experiences that you may have and the characteristics of the disease that you display are not the same as the other affected person. It works by viewing your disease as a disturbance that affects your entire body and not just a specific body part. It not only cures blood pressure but also the reason for high blood pressure so that it does not increase again when your mind or body faces stress. If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'consult'. Related Tip: Why It's Ideal to Treat Insomnia With Homeopathy
2 people found this helpful

Try Surgery For Portal Hypertension!

Dr. Bejoy Abraham 87% (10 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, DNB - Surgical Gastroenterology, Fellow HPB Surgery & Liver Transplant
Surgical Gastroenterologist, Ernakulam
Try Surgery For Portal Hypertension!
There are veins which carry blood from the various digestive organs to the liver. When there is an obstruction in the free flow of blood in the liver, it increases the pressure and is known as portal hypertension. This increased blood pressure stresses the blood vessels in the esophagus, stomach, and other digestive organs and results in internal bleeding. What causes portal hypertension? Cirrhosis is the most common cause of portal hypertension. The cirrhosis could be a result of excessive consumption of alcohol, chronic hepatitis, or thrombosis in the liver vessels. Blood clots in the portal vein are schistosomiasis ( a parasitic infection) are some other causes of portal hypertension. It is also important to know that in some cases, the causes of this condition remain unknown. What are the symptoms? Although, the symptoms of portal hypertension may not be very evident until you identify that there is some damage in the liver. the chances of developing a portal hypertension are increased if you suffer from a liver disease. Ascites, which is fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity Bleeding in the abdominal vessels Blood in the stools and/or vomitus (black tarry stools or blood in the vomitus) Reduced platelet count Encephalopathy, fluid accumulation in the brain, which can lead to confusion and other issues How can it be managed? Once diagnosed, treatment of portal hypertension is at two levels. At the first level, dietary and lifestyle changes and medical treatment should suffice. Alcohol, a street drug, and tobacco use should be completely stopped. Sodium and protein intake should be reduced. Avoid taking any over-the-counter medications without consulting a medical personnel. Have a good, balanced nutrition Medications like propranolol are given to control blood pressure Medications are also given to prevent internal bleeding If there is encephalopathy, then lactulose is given to clear confusion The ends of the bleeding vessels are tied and cut off (ligated) endoscopically, and this is known as sclerotherapy. Alternately, bands may be applied to the cut vessels to prevent further bleeding. This is known as banding. If this first line does not work, then the next level of interventional therapy is initiated. TIPS, which is a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, which is a shunt that is placed into the liver to reduce pressure. Distal splenorenal shunt (DRSR) is when a shunt or link is created between the splenic vein and the left kidney vein. This also helps control variceal pressure and bleeding. Both these shunts are widely performed and require follow up once in 6 months to ensure they are performing well and without any blockages. Other options: In cases where a shunt is not possible, then devascularization is done. This involves removal of the bleeding varices. The fluid in the abdomen may be removed surgically by paracentesis. As a last option, a liver transplant surgery may also be considered. So, while portal hypertension definitely is a serious medical condition, there are different levels of treatment. The important thing is to alert yourself once any symptoms set in. Early intervention always ensures minimal intervention and good prognosis.
2705 people found this helpful

High Blood Pressure - Homeopathic Remedies For It!

Dr. Sanket Gupta 88% (68 ratings)
BHMS, MD-Homeopathy, PGPC - Preventive Cardiology
Homeopath, Delhi
High Blood Pressure - Homeopathic Remedies For It!
Hypertension or high blood pressure in common parlance is caused by irregular blood circulation in the blood vessels. High blood pressure has been an established cause for several fatal and critical heart diseases. Middle aged individuals are more prone to heart diseases caused by high blood pressure. Doctors also caution those with stressful lifestyles to keep the blood pressure levels in control. While there are prescribed drugs aimed at curing high blood pressure troubles, a large number of people are reposing their trust in homeopathy for treating high blood pressure. Among a long drawn process of cures, homeopathic treatments are extremely effective and trustworthy methods: 1. Aconitum Certain high blood pressure conditions have sudden outbursts. It inflicts a fear of dying and acute anxiety. Aconitum abates such situations. 2. Argentum Nitricum At times high blood pressure occurs due to anxiety and mental agitations. Argentum Nitricum is an effective remedy in curing such conditions. 3. Natrum Muriaticum Certain high blood pressure conditions arise due to suppressed anger and stress. Harrowing events of the past and unsolved issues can induce heightened blood pressure levels. Natrum Muriaticum is a perfect solution for such troubles. 4. Veratum Viride Veratum Viride helps in reducing arterial tension and normalizing cardiac palpitations. 5. Natural Supplements For a variety of ailments caused by high blood pressure, homeopathy offers certain natural supplements like Co enzyme, Hawthorne, Omega-3, Vitamin E for remedying blood pressure concerns. It improves heart function and prevents blood clotting. 6. Ignatia To heal high blood pressure caused by emotional upsurges, grief and trauma, Ignatia can be perceived as a useful remedy. 7. Belladonna This is an emergency medical condition caused by vigorous throbbing of arteries which may progress to haemorrhaging. Belladonna goes a long way in taming such untoward medical emergencies. 8. Lachesis Certain bodily changes result in high blood pressure, especially in the cases of women. During the onset of menopause, high blood pressure becomes a common concomitant. Lachesis is used to treat such issues. 9. Glonoinum On certain occasions blood pressure level shoots up due to heat and excess exposure to the sun. Glonoinum is aimed at controlling the blood pressure levels in those situations.
5756 people found this helpful

Preeclampsia: What Every Pregnant Woman Should Know

Dr. Puneeta Gupta 85% (10 ratings)
DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Preeclampsia: What Every Pregnant Woman Should Know
Pre-eclampsia may affect some women during the second half of their pregnancies or after they deliver the baby. Ladies suffering from pre-eclampsia show symptoms like hypertension, problems in retaining fluids (oedema) and large amount of protein in their urine (proteinuria). If it is not treated in time, it can cause a lot of complexities during the pregnancy and even after the delivery. Pre-eclampsia increases the risk of harmful effects for both the mother and the baby. The real reason for pre-eclampsia is still unknown, but it is believed that it is thought to occur when there is an issue with the placenta (the organ that connections the child's blood supply to the mother's). Pre-eclampsia in pregnant women often goes undiagnosed. Women may present with headache, visual disturbance, pain in upper tummy, nausea, vomiting and rapidly progressive oedema. Complications of placental insufficiency can lead to IUGR(Intrauterine growth restriction), placental abruption and in severe cases, if left untreated, intrauterine death. It may affect women`s kidney, liver, cardiovascular, brain and blood clotting systems in severe cases. Complications: As pre-eclampsia develops further, it can create complications in retaining liquid (oedema). Oedema is responsible for causing sudden swelling of the feet, lower legs, face and hands during pregnancy. It occurs in the lower parts of the body, for example, the feet and lower legs and increases gradually during the day. In case the swelling is sudden, and affects the face and hands, it could be a result of pre-eclampsia. Risks: There are a few factors that could increase your risk of falling prey to pre-eclampsia. This might require immediate treatment. These are: If it is your first pregnancy, pre-eclampsia will probably happen during your first than the ones that will happen later. It has been 10 years since you were last pregnant. You have a family history of the condition. For instance, your mom or sisters have had pre-eclampsia. You had pre-eclampsia in a past pregnancy. There is an around 20% chance that you will experience the condition again in later pregnancies. You are in your teens or are more than 40 years of age. You have a current medicinal issue like diabetes, kidney problems, headaches or hypertension. You were obese towards the beginning of your pregnancy (your body mass index was 30 or more). You are expecting multiple babies like twins or triplets (this spots more strain on the placenta). The main indication of pre-eclampsia in the unborn baby is slow and stunted growth. This is brought about by poor blood supply through the placenta to the child. The developing child gets less oxygen and less supplements than it is supposed to. This can affect the growth and development of the child. This is called 'intra-uterine growth restriction, or 'intra-uterine growth impediment'. Treatment: Bringing down the blood pressure and dealing with the symptoms in a proper manner can help in managing pre-eclampsia. Delivering the baby is the best way to treat pre-eclampsia. If it is confirmed that you do have pre-eclampsia, you'll be asked to stay in the hospital until your baby is delivered.
4047 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Suffering frm hypertension. On treatment it's ok. But one time bp was 60/20. Why and what to do about the described disease?

Dr. (Lt Col) Dinesh Kumar 91% (1600 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Greater Noida
Not possible if regular hypertensive because with this bp person is in icu for survival. Please speak with one week bp and lipid profile, ecg reports.
1 person found this helpful

I am 44 years and my blood report shows that my testosterone level is at 259. I have high BP and high TSH levels for which medicines are going on. What medications should I take?

Dr. Praveenkumar Talikoti 93% (363 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bijapur
Nothing to worry about your test values. Avoid stress and tensions. Keep calm and practice yoga, pranayama. 2-3 km walking ilybrate-userood every day. Drink sufficient water and balanced diet will help you. Avipattikar choorna 1-0-1 tsp with 30 ml of warm water before meals. Tab Manasa Mitra vataka 1-0-1 for 2 weeks.
1 person found this helpful

My BP raised to 140/100 And doctor prescribed me amlosafe 5 mg Is it is a best medicine And what can I do this time.

MD, Fellowship in Intergrative Medicine, MBBS
Integrated Medicine Specialist, Kochi
Hypertension, is a lifestyle diseases which require lifestyle solution and does not need medicines. It just involves dietary changes and lifestyle changes Cut down animal protein Eat plant based High fiber diet Salt reduction. Reduce stress exercise daily- Let me know the tests you have done so far and their results. For more specific advise on how to reverse bp without medicines naturally take a consult what you require is treatment of the root cause and not the symptoms. Send a feedback, with your name and contact number and I will contact you and then if needed take a consult through Lybrate.

Health Quizzes

Are ayurvedic remedies effective in treating depression?

Dr. Rajeshkumar Radadiya 89% (255 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
Persistent irritability can be a symptom of depression. True or False? Take the quiz to find out!
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The Common Signs of PCOD

Dr. Neha Lalla 92% (117 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Thane
Excessive hair all over the body, bald patches and acne are signs of PCOD. True or False, take this quiz to know now!
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Do you think you need to lose weight?

Dr. Vishwas Madhav Thakur 90% (875 ratings)
MBBS, AFIH, PGDMLS, MD-HRM, MD-HM
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Eating less is the best way to lose weight. True or false. Take a quiz to know more about it.
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Pulmonary Hypertension: How to Treat It?

Multi Speciality Clinic
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Spending too much time in the mountains may result in the requirement of a lung and heart transplant. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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Homeopathy for Satisfactory Sex

Dr. Jeevan Kopparad 90% (3128 ratings)
M.D (HOMEOPATHY), MBA (Healthcare)
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Infections in your prostate gland may actually shorten your penis. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
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