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Hypertension - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Hypertension also known as high blood pressure is a condition where the force of the blood hitting against your artery wall is excessively high that it causes health problems like heart diseases. Blood pressure is usually determined by the level of blood which your heart pumps. If your arteries are narrow and your heart pumps excessive amount of blood, your pressure tends to get higher. Hypertension can develop for many years without any apparent symptom, high blood pressure can give rise to complications such as stroke and heart attack which might result to death if not treated on time. High blood pressure eventually affects everyone at one time or the other.

There are two essential (primary) hypertension and secondary hypertension. There is no cause for primary hypertension but studies suggest that it tends to develop over the years. Whereas, secondary hypertension can occur due to obstructive sleeping patterns, kidney problems, adrenal gland tumors, thyroid problems, congenital defects in the blood vessels, medications like over the counter pain killers, cold remedies, decongestants & birth control pills, illegal drugs like amphetamines & cocaine and excessive alcohol use. Secondary Hypertension can be an underlying cause of a much fatal disorder.


Hypertension is usually diagnosed during a routine body checkup. It is advisable to visit a general physician on the off chance that you develop high blood pressure. People who are between the age group of 18 to 39 and 40 years or older are at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure. An appropriate sized arm cuff is used to diagnose Hypertension. There are some machines available which can analyze your blood pressure levels for free.

Risk factors that can increase your chances of developing high blood pressure:

  • Alcohol- Excessive alcohol consumption can not only affect your blood pressure but also damage your heart and liver.
  • Family history- If one or more of your family members have hypertension, chances are that you are at a higher risk for developing high blood pressure.
  • Obesity- Hypertension is also very common in people who are obese and overweight.
  • Laziness- People who are physically inactive have higher heart rates. This puts a lot of pressure in the arteries resulting in high blood pressure.
  • Tobacco- Chewing or smoking tobacco can damage the lining of your arteries leading to severe Hypertension.
  • Inadequate vitamins- Very little amount of vitamin D and potassium in your diet can disturb the sodium levels in your blood causing high blood pressure.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Headaches Shortness of breath Bleeding from the nose

Popular Health Tips

Lifestyle Changes That Help Keep Heart Diseases At Bay!

Dr. Anurag Bajpai 90% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, FRACP - Pediatrc Endocrinology, SCE, Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Kanpur
Lifestyle Changes That Help Keep Heart Diseases At Bay!
One of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) is diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to major heart problems. It is thus pertinent to take timely actions to control the insulin-related issues and save ourselves from CVD. It is important to understand how diabetic patients are more prone to CVD than others to take pre-emptive actions to control it. Atrial Fibrillation: Atrial Fibrillation means an irregular and rapid heart rate which can increase the risk of stroke, heart failure and other cardiac issues. Individuals with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation. This risk is higher among patients with a longer duration of treated diabetes and poorer glycemic control. Hyperglycemia: Hyperglycemia means high (hyper) glucose (gly) in the blood (emia). Your body needs glucose to properly function. Your cells rely on glucose for energy. Hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabetes, when the blood glucose level is too high because the body isn't properly using or doesn't make the hormone insulin. Hypertension: Hypertension in diabetes is considered a major contributor to the increase in mortality from cardiovascular diseases. Diabetic patients, especially those with Type 2, need to always have their blood pressure checked every visit to the doctor. Self-monitoring at home is also a must to maintain and control the rise of blood pressure. The American Diabetes Association recommends a target blood pressure of not more than 130/85 mm Hg to maintain a good level of blood pressure. Smoking: Smoking has been determined dangerous to our health. Studies show that smoking indeed increase risk of premature death and cardiovascular disease in diabetic patients.
2 people found this helpful

High Blood Pressure - Ayurvedic Remedies For It!

Dr. Udit Prajapati 92% (865 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bhopal
High Blood Pressure - Ayurvedic Remedies For It!
High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. Blood pressure is the force that is felt on the artery walls as the blood flows through it. What happens during high blood pressure is that this force of blood against the arterial walls increases. People who are physically inactive, smoke regularly, consume excessive alcohol or are diagnosed with other underlying health conditions are at the maximum risks of this condition. Factors such as increased levels of stress, old age, psoriasis and pregnancy also contribute to high blood pressure. Symptoms of High Blood Pressure: The symptoms of high blood pressure include headache that lasts for several days, nausea, vomitting (rare), vertigo, lightheadedness, double vision, blurred vision, nose bleeding (epistaxis), heart palpitation and dyspnea (shortness of your breath). Children with high blood pressure can bear symptoms such as fatigue, seizures, irritability, respiratory disease and Bell s palsy (inability to move facial muscles of either side). Remedies for High Blood Pressure: Losing weight- Obesity is one of the chief contributors to this condition. Keeping a regular check on your weight and following a healthy diet plan can help you maintain blood pressure. Exercising everyday for 30 minutes can also lower your blood pressure and prevent it from shooting up. Eating healthy- Eating foods rich in potassium (fruits and vegetables), whole grains and foods low in LDL count can help reduce blood pressure. Limiting salt and sodium in your diet is also very beneficial in controlling your blood pressure. Smoking and alcohol consumption- Excessive alcohol consumption and smoking can cause sudden spikes in blood pressure. Quitting smoking and limiting alcohol consumption can normalize the blood pressure. Reduce stress- One of the major reasons for high blood pressure is being subject to excessive stress over a prolonged period of time. Try to meditate or practice yoga to be more calm and composed. Keeping mental stress at bay does wonders in reducing blood pressure.
3287 people found this helpful

Ways To Help You Manage Diabetic Hypertension!

Dr. Shefali Karkhanis 94% (423 ratings)
Dip.Diab, Fellowship Diabetology (Gold Medallist), MBBS
Diabetologist, Thane
Ways To Help You Manage Diabetic Hypertension!
Hypertension is commonly witnessed among patients suffering from type 2 diabetes as compared to those who do not have diabetes. Studies have revealed that arterial hypertension among patients suffering from type 2 diabetes is in the vicinity of 40-50 percent. What s more, a patient suffering from hypertension and diabetes has an increased risk factor for certain other diseases such as left ventricular hypertrophy, dyslipidemia, elevated fibrinogen and hyperuricemia. The measurement practice: It is important to measure blood pressure in a person who is suffering from type 2 diabetes with or without hypertension and renal diseases. Blood pressure measurement should be repeated within a month, if the measurement is 150/190 mm Hg. BP should be measured within a couple, of months if BP is greater than 140/80 mm of Hg. Lifestyle practices: If a person is consistently suffering from type 2 diabetes and has a BP range of 140/80, the following life style practices should be maintained always: A daily exercise schedule: Hypertension coupled with diabetes can be a dangerous combination. To ensure that a person remains healthy it is imperative to maintain a daily exercise schedule for at least half an hour. Exercise consumes extra calories and helps a person maintain a steady blood-sugar level. Food habits: Food habit is yet another important criterion to maintain good health for a person suffering from diabetic hypertension. Avoiding starch, glucose, and food with high carbs should be a mandate. Refraining from processed food with a high density of condensed fat, sugar and oil will go a long way in maintaining good health. Consulting a nutritionist is the best way to go. Stress is yet another factor that drives diabetic hypertension: A person suffering from regular stress has a greater tendency to fall prey to cardiovascular and renal diseases. The only way to stay away from stress is to ensure that good lifestyle choice are made. A stress -free life can pay rich dividends to a person suffering from diabetic hypertension. Drug treatment: A doctor s first line of treatment hovers around ACE inhibitors. A pregnant woman suffering from diabetic hypertension is typically prescribed a calcium blocker. This is an antihypertensive drug that helps to stabilize the pregnancy and keep complications at bay. For a person who is resisting to ACE Inhibitor, a doctor might subscribe angiotensin 2 receptor. If the BP is not reduced after the first line of treatment, a doctor adds a thiazide-related diuretic along with the ACE inhibitor to expedite the treatment process. Even after a triple therapy if a person continues to suffer from high blood pressure, a doctor might prescribe an alpha-blocker, potassium blocker or a beta blocker.
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Are You Hypertensive?

Dr. Ruchita Sharma Sharma 89% (22 ratings)
DNB (General Medicine), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Internal Medicine Specialist, Lucknow
Are You Hypertensive?
Are you hypertensive? Now aha has given new guidelines for diagnosing hypertension. If your blood pressure is more than 130/80 mmhg, it suggests hypertension / elevated bp. Diet modification and exercise is advised from beginning to the individual who has elevated blood pressure. Sometimes if one has high bp he may require medicine to control it. Sometimes just with diet and lifestyle modification it can be reduced. Bp classification - Normal <120 and <80 Elevated 120-129 and 80 Hypertension Stage 1.130-139or 80-89 Stage2. 140 or & 90 For prevention of hypertension 1. Avoid smoking 2. High salt in diet 3. Exercise regularly 4. Weight reduction Check your blood pressure and start lifestyle modification from the beginning!

Diet, Nutrition And The Prevention Of Chronic Lifestyle Diseases!

Dr. Pravin Patel Vijay Patel 92% (141 ratings)
MD - Medicine , MBBS
General Physician, Vadodara
Diet, Nutrition And The Prevention Of Chronic Lifestyle Diseases!
The lifestyle we lead plays an important role. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is important to overcome many diseases as it helps in bringing the blood pressure to normal and in turn reduce the risks of diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Factors like smoking, diet, stress and sedentary lifestyle can lead to hypertension and diabetes. Hypertension is known as silent killer as it is symptomless. There are various traditional medicines known to lower the blood pressure. Also, there are certain herbs that help in controlling blood pressure and preventing other diseases. Some of these herbs are: Basil: This herb has a strong aroma and can be used in the preparation of many foods. It also helps in lowering the blood pressure, though for a brief time. Adding freshly chopped or torn basil to soups, salads, pastas and casseroles not only enhance the taste but are also beneficial for health. Cinnamon: This herb requires some effort to add in the diet but is helpful in maintain the blood pressure. Diabetic people should have cinnamon everyday in some or the other way. Cinnamon can be included by sprinkling over cereals, oats, coffee, stews and curries. Cardamom: Cardamom if consumed daily can be helpful in bringing down blood pressure and in turn controlling hypertension and diabetes. Cardamom is very popular in South Asia, the seeds can be powdered and used in stews, soups or baking. It not only has an enhanced flavor but is also packed with numerous health benefits. Flaxseed: This is very rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids are believed to lower the blood pressure and also protect the body against atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. They are known for reducing cholesterol levels, and improving glucose tolerance thus acting as antioxidant. Flaxseeds can be added in smoothies and soups or baked goods. Garlic: Garlic often synonymous with bad breath and pungent seasoning has immense health benefits. It dilates and relaxes the blood vessels allowing the blood to flow freely and in turn reduces the blood pressure. Ginger: Adding ginger to the diet helps to control the blood pressure. It relaxes the blood vessels and improves the circulation of the blood. Ginger can be used in sweets, savories and beverages and is very common in Asian food. Celery Seed: This is a diuretic and in China it is used to treat hypertension. This can be used to flavor stews, soups, savory dishes and casseroles. Both the seeds and the plant have various benefits and uses of their own. Hawthorn: This herb is used to treat high blood pressure in China. Decoctions of the herb have health benefits such as reduction of blood pressure, controlling hypertension and blood circulation.
5717 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 29 years old. My blood pressure level is 140/90. Is it harmful to my health. What to do on this situation.

Dr. Neelam Nath 95% (7359 ratings)
Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
It's high on borderline and needs no medicines reduce salt and take more potassium through citrus fruits like oranges and lemon juice and water reduce stress and anxiety related issues with the help of yoga and meditation reduce weight by eating more of seasonal vegetables and fruits reduce bad fats and do take good fats like a spoon of desi ghee and butter a katori of assorted nuts for good fats and proteins exercises according to lifestyle and outdoors if levels of pollution are low disciplined lifestyle and positively helps. Get basic tests done like lipid profile.
1 person found this helpful

My father aged 83 taking eritel ln 40 half two times morning at 8 O'clock and evening 8 O'CLOCK, clock. But after 10 hours BP shoot up to 180. So our family doctor suggest to take asomex 2.5 once between these gaps. So if I gave mor eritel ln 40 half then at 7 giving asomex 2.5 and at night 9.30 giving eritel ln 40 half. So whether this combination ok? Also can I give asomex 2.5 on permanent basis. Please suggest.

Dr. Rajiv Bajaj 95% (348 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
Eritel 20 twice daily is a small dose. LN twice in same tablet also is small dose. Asomex 2.5 is better dose, but will take 3 weeks for full effect. LN and Asomex are usually not given together.

I am suffering from high b.p 160/95 since 2 months ,lipped profile is normal ,liver and kidney test is normal, in 2d eco normal, my thing is paining and I feel like it is melting, and to much of stress, always excive thinking, fear,and have gas problem in my stomach (if I eat something it is faming gass), my left chest is paining (near arm) I have premature ejaculation problem also 3 years bak one of my doctor told me though tests I have low testosterone, always feel week and drowsiness, shall I take b.p medicine or not please advice me Thanks in advance.

Dr. Shakil Khan 91% (327 ratings)
Homeopath, Mumbai
Dear user At 33 years you have 160/95 mm of hg Though technically it should be considered as a case of HBP not requiring medicine but lifestyle change modification as a first step in HBP line of treatment Low salt intake in well balanced diet Avoid obesity all times Walk half hour daily Sleep 7-8 hours daily This can be tried for 6-12 months and check Bp every 2 months If BP does not come under control you will have to take drugs lifelong Regards.

Sir I am 25 year old mera bp kyo adhik hota hai jb doctor 1 bar check karte hai to 160/110 hota hai lekin jb countinue 3-4 bar check karte hai to kam hota hai kya ye koi bimari hai ya body ke under koi dar hai kya iska upay hai sir please bataye.

Dr. Shakil Khan 91% (327 ratings)
Homeopath, Mumbai
Dear user Recorded BP of 160/100 which reduced on repeat check I would advise BP monitoring as hospitalised patient every 4 hours for 3 days and other extensive investigations for cause blood pressure. Alternatively check your BP first thing in morning lying position Share it with your family physician who can advise further. Regards.
1 person found this helpful

There are same medicines of different pharmaceutics Eg of that is ozotel-Am and telista-Am and price is different Can't we use other one which is lower in price?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Karnal
Not only salts many things affect potency of the drug some drugs are very sensitive to environment so any drug could be substituted from cheaper manufacturer but b sure that quality is not compromised.
1 person found this helpful

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