Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Hypertension - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension also known as high blood pressure is a condition where the force of the blood hitting against your artery wall is excessively high that it causes health problems like heart diseases. Blood pressure is usually determined by the level of blood which your heart pumps. If your arteries are narrow and your heart pumps excessive amount of blood, your pressure tends to get higher. Hypertension can develop for many years without any apparent symptom, high blood pressure can give rise to complications such as stroke and heart attack which might result to death if not treated on time. High blood pressure eventually affects everyone at one time or the other.

There are two essential (primary) hypertension and secondary hypertension. There is no cause for primary hypertension but studies suggest that it tends to develop over the years. Whereas, secondary hypertension can occur due to obstructive sleeping patterns, kidney problems, adrenal gland tumors, thyroid problems, congenital defects in the blood vessels, medications like over the counter pain killers, cold remedies, decongestants & birth control pills, illegal drugs like amphetamines & cocaine and excessive alcohol use. Secondary Hypertension can be an underlying cause of a much fatal disorder.

Diagnosis:

Hypertension is usually diagnosed during a routine body checkup. It is advisable to visit a general physician on the off chance that you develop high blood pressure. People who are between the age group of 18 to 39 and 40 years or older are at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure. An appropriate sized arm cuff is used to diagnose Hypertension. There are some machines available which can analyze your blood pressure levels for free.

Risk factors that can increase your chances of developing high blood pressure:

  • Alcohol- Excessive alcohol consumption can not only affect your blood pressure but also damage your heart and liver.
  • Family history- If one or more of your family members have hypertension, chances are that you are at a higher risk for developing high blood pressure.
  • Obesity- Hypertension is also very common in people who are obese and overweight.
  • Laziness- People who are physically inactive have higher heart rates. This puts a lot of pressure in the arteries resulting in high blood pressure.
  • Tobacco- Chewing or smoking tobacco can damage the lining of your arteries leading to severe Hypertension.
  • Inadequate vitamins- Very little amount of vitamin D and potassium in your diet can disturb the sodium levels in your blood causing high blood pressure.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Headaches Shortness of breath Bleeding from the nose

Popular Health Tips

Hypertension - Why It Is Bad For Your Sex Life?

MD
Sexologist, Srinagar
Hypertension - Why It Is Bad For Your Sex Life?

Blood pressure is basically what happens when the blood exerts force against the walls of the blood vessels. This force matches the cardiac output and also, the resistance experienced from the walls of the blood vessels a process that produces blood pressure. Hypertension is a condition that occurs when this pressure rises above the normal which is anything over 140 over 90 mHg. The symptoms of this condition will include hot flashes, dizzy spells, fatigue, accelerated heartbeat and other debilitating conditions. Sex is also an area that gets affected by hypertension.

Let us find out the causes and treatment for the same.

Hypertension and male sexuality: A chronic patient of hypertension will go through a depletion of the lining that flanks the blood vessels, which in turn, limits the flow of blood. This also means that there is less blood flowing towards the penis and surrounding areas that get activated during sexual intercourse. This makes it difficult for many hypertensive men to achieve and retain an erection for long enough to enjoy sexual activity. This problem is most commonly known as erectile dysfunction. Also, these blood pressure problems can have an effect on ejaculation which leads to lack of sexual satisfaction. Many drugs prescribed for such patients may also lead to this problem as a side effect, which causes further fear and anxiety for the patient.

Hypertension and female sexuality: While the effect of high blood pressure on a woman’s sexuality is not as conclusive as its effect on male sexuality, it is a medically proven fact that decreased blood flow due to high blood pressure will also lead to a reduction in the blood flow to the vaginal area. This can lead to many problems including vaginal dryness and pain during intercourse, lack of arousal, difficulty in achieving an orgasm and relationship as well as anxiety issues.

Treatment: For women, better lubrication for better arousal is one of the key factors. For men, the use of safe medication as far as hypertension is concerned, is crucial. Medicines like sildenafil and tadafil as well as vardenafil are not known to interfere with the blood pressure medication. Yet, it is important to contact the doctor before having any medication.

Therapy: Better responses can be garnered by building intimacy, an area that a sex therapist or sexologist can help you with. With the help of proper therapy, the patient can learn to relax and enjoy the act with lots of foreplay and experiences that will help in building closeness like taking a warm bath together and other such activities. Promoting overall health can also help in improving your sex life if you are a patient of hypertension.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

7006 people found this helpful

Hypertension: 10 Facts That You May Not Know

M.Ch - Cardio Thoracic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Cardiologist, Durgapur
Hypertension: 10 Facts That You May Not Know

Hypertension is indeed a growing issue in today’s world. Hypertension can adversely affect your body leading to grave health disorders. But with proper care, you can keep your blood pressure under control and thus save yourself from the harmful effects of it. Here are some facts about hypertension that you must know.

#1 Sleep apnea is common in patients with hypertension
Patients who suffer from hypertension are often seen to suffer from sleep apnea. In this condition, the person suddenly feels short of breath and stops breathing. They even feel drowsy throughout the day.

#2 Hypertension is very closely related to heart diseases
Cardiovascular diseases are quite attached to hypertension. People having hypertension are often found to have the problems of atherosclerosis, high cholesterol and even have the proximity to have a heart attack.

#3 Hypertension is one of the leading causes of death
One out of every five adults suffer from the problems of hypertension. According to various research works, it has been proven that most of the death cases above the age of 50 or 53 die due to hypertension or hypertension-related problems.

#4 Getting a pet can help in keeping blood pressure under control
Getting a pet has been proven to reduce the risk of hypertension. The humorous moments in life work together in reducing your risk towards reducing the risks of hypertension.

#5 Get adequate sleep
An adequate amount of sleep is vital not only for to manage hypertension but also to stay away from other health disorders, as well. Research has proven that if a person gets less than six hours of sleep each night, then he/she is bound to have higher risks towards hypertension.

#6 Avoid unnecessary stress
Don’t take too much stress in life. If you avoid stress, you will find most your health problems disappearing. You should never take any medications for reducing stress like amino acids or phenylalanine.

#7 Avoid taking unnecessary drugs
Some people start taking drugs to reduce their high blood pressure and bring it to a normal level. This is not good as it sometimes leads to another grave condition called hypotension. Hypotension, in turn, can lead to vomiting and nausea. Hence, regular follow-ups with your doctor are essential.

#8 Tendency to have stroke
People who suffer from hypertension also tend to have a stroke. Figuratively, around eight out of ten individuals who are having high blood pressure also suffer from a stroke.

#9 Living in a warm climate is recommended to people having hypertension
Research studies have proven that blood pressure also fluctuates with the weather. It stays on lower margins in the summer and at a higher range in winters. This is because, at a lower temperature, the blood vessels become constricted, and so they exert more pressure to normalize the flow of blood.

#10 Hypertension leads to kidney disease
One of the major risk factors for heart disease is the tendency to develop kidney disease.

These are some of the lesser known facts about hypertension.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3185 people found this helpful

The Bent Penis And Hypertension

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
The Bent Penis And Hypertension

The Bent Penis and Hypertension

With the easy availability of adult video sites online, it's likely that many men nowadays are in a position to see many more erect penises than they would have in the past - and that means they are more likely to be aware of the great variation in penises. For example, guys now are more likely to realize that a penis may have some curvature to it, even when their own does not. A little curvature can be perfectly normal, but a severely bent penis can be a cause for concern. It may indicate a penis health issue, especially a condition known as Peyronie's disease. And men with hypertension should be aware that in some cases, they may be more prone to a bent penis.

Peyronie's disease

Again, it's important to emphasize that some curvature is perfectly acceptable; indeed, some women have a preference for a penis with a little curve to it. As long as it does not cause any pain or create obstacles to sexual function, there's no need to worry about curvature.

But often the degree of curvature in a bent penis can be so extreme that it does make sexual intercourse difficult. In addition, a man with Peyronie's disease may experience pain when he has an erection. Both of these issues are of concern.

So what is Peyronie's disease? It's a condition which is pretty much defined by the fact that a man has a severely bent penis. It's named after the doctor who first described it in medical literature. In most cases, Peyronie's disease is associated with trauma to the penis. It may be a large trauma, such as being hit in the penis by a speeding baseball. Or it may be a small but repeated trauma, such as a history of rough handling of the penis.

Scar Tissue

When the penis is traumatized, scar tissue (also called plaque) forms to repair the damage. With a large trauma, this may be plaque of significant size; with small but repeated trauma, the scar tissue is smaller but grows with repetition.

Unfortunately, the scar tissue is harder and less flexible than the tissue it replaces. Thus when the penis grows during an erection, the side of the penis that has the scar tissue can't stretch and expand as far as the other sides; therefore, it causes the penis to bend in that direction. This inflexibility can cause pain, sometimes quite a bit of it.

Hypertension

Some men with hypertension - high blood pressure - may be more prone to Peyronie's disease. That's not because of the hypertension itself, however; it's due to some medicines often used to fight hypertension. And it's not all medicines - just those designated as beta blockers.

Exactly why beta blockers should cause a bent penis is unclear. The mechanism is poorly understood at this time. And it's also important to remember that not every guy who uses beta blockers is going to have Peyronie's disease. However, if a man is using beta blockers and begins to notice an unwanted curvature in his penis, he may want to speak to his doctor about possible alternative treatments. Keeping hypertension controlled is crucial for a man's overall health.

A bent penis, whether due to hypertension or other reasons, is but one of the many penis heath issues a man needs to concentrate on. General penis health can be better maintained by the daily use of a first rate penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). A crème with vitamin C is especially recommended, as this vitamin is known for promoting greater tone and elasticity of skin, which the penis definitely benefits from. Ideally the crème should also include vitamin A. In addition to making penis skin look better through its anti-aging properties, vitamin A has antibacterial capabilities that discourage persistent penis odor.

4 people found this helpful

Control Blood Pressure - 6 Tips That Can Help You!

MD Physician
General Physician, Delhi
Control Blood Pressure - 6 Tips That Can Help You!

Hypertension or increased blood pressure is one of the modern lifestyle diseases. The changing lifestyles including altered dietary habits and lack of physical activity are the main reasons for the high incidence of hypertension. With this, it brings a host of complications including other chronic diseases like diabetes, kidney failure, risks of stroke and heart attacks.

Alternative medicine proposes quite a number of remedies in addition to just increased physical activity. Read on to know more about how you can eat healthier and control your blood pressure.

  1. Eat walnuts: As most books and media depict, heart disease is directly related to physical reaction towards stress. Regular eating of walnuts helps control this response, thereby controlling blood pressure. It is also a great source of antioxidants and fibre, which adds to its heart-healthy features.

  2. Load up on minerals: Eating a diet rich in calcium, magnesium, and potassium is extremely beneficial for the heart. Sweet potatoes, bananas, dry fruits, dairy products, etc., have shown to reduce blood pressure extremely well in various experiments.

  3. Avoid salt: While the natural sea salt is almost out of use, most of us have switched to the processed variety, which is devoid of all minerals. This is one of the major contributors for increased blood pressure. Studies have shown that reducing salt intake helps in a big way in controlling blood pressure. Most of us are also used to adding extra salt so the food tastes better. This should be avoided. With increased consumption of processed food items, everything from bread to cookies to cheese has salt, which also should be reduced, and if possible, avoided.

  4. Have a colourful meal: Load up your plate with peppers, berries, dry fruits, and organic fruits and vegetables. Pomegranate juice is believed to control angiotensin, converting enzyme, which is responsible for controlling hypertension. They are also rich in antioxidants and help control blood pressure by reducing inflammation.

  5. Know your cholesterol: While cholesterol is generally used with a negative connotation, it is not always true. There is good and bad cholesterol and the bad one should be avoided. Watch out for labels, and ensure you are eating less of the bad cholesterol. Good cholesterol is required for the production of hormones and proper functioning of the body.

  6. Watch your medicines: While it is easy to just pop an ibuprofen when there is a headache or a back ache, it is advisable to watch out. These are best avoided in the long run, as they can induce hypertension and induce heart disease.

In addition, meditation, relaxation, green tea, dark chocolate, red wine, music, and quitting smoking are also shown to be helpful in controlling blood pressure.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5805 people found this helpful

Quick Tips To Help You Control Hypertension!

Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Internal Medicine Specialist, Bangalore
Quick Tips To Help You Control Hypertension!

The number of people affected by hypertension is constantly on the rise. The most important concern with people developing hypertension is that it is not an isolated issue. It brings with it a host of problems, including higher chances of stroke, heart disease, diabetes, and kidney diseases. While there is no definite cure for hypertension, it is definitely possible to control it using the following measures.

  1. Weight control: Greater the body mass index (BMI), higher is the chances of developing hypertension. Check with your doctor to know what the ideal weight is and try to maintain it. If overweight, losing even 10 pounds can make a big difference to your blood pressure.
  2. Diet management: Excessive salt, calories, fat, and sugar are to be avoided. Sodium is one of the main culprits for increasing blood pressure and should be avoided. Include fruits and vegetables that are rich in potassium and magnesium. Reducing salt is another major way to control blood pressure. Fish oils with omega-3 fatty acids are extremely good for the health of the heart and so consult your doctor to include the right amounts in your diet. 
  3. Exercise: A regular workout regimen can reduce the chances of developing blood pressure by up to 40% to 50%. This should not be misinterpreted as the need for vigorous workouts. Even small, regular physical activity daily goes a long way in controlling blood pressure.
  4. Alcohol: While quitting alcohol is the best thing to do, for those finding it difficult to do so, cutting down on it plays a big role in controlling blood pressure. No more than a drink per day for women, and no more than two per day for men are recommended.
  5. Stress management: Stress is one of the major causes for increasing blood pressure, and so managing stress is very important. Whether music or meditation, pick your stress buster and see your blood pressure lowered.
  6. Medications: If you are already on a medication regimen, strictly adhere to the schedule. Consult your doctor before adding herbal supplements or dietary supplements. Taken individually, they may be good for health, but there are good chances of them interacting with your regular medications.
  7. Monitor: Once you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, have periodic check-ups with your doctor to ensure it is within the permissible limits. If beyond limits, immediately correct it.

As noted, hypertension is not an isolated issue and brings with it a whole lot of issues. Controlling it can help control the other issues that would follow and improve the quality of life.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have been prescribed cilnidipine tab (Nexovas) 10 mg bid with telmisartan 40 mg bid. I have been taking this for last couple of years. But lately ankle swelling is severe. Can you please advice an alternate combination. Thanks and regards.

M.P.T. (Neuro), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Lucknow
Contact your physician to check it is side effects of your medicines or some other problems. For swelling limb elevation is must also start ankle stretching exercises. Also increase water intake.

My age is 44 years my blood pressure is 140/100 my wait is 87 kg, male, what medicine I take?

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Your blood pressure is high and you need to be investigated Visit a heart hospital and get basics tests done for heart disease Medicines will be prescribed accordingly Till then reduce salt, stress, anxiety and weight by eating more of seasonal vegetables and fruits and walking is best exercise.