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Overview

Quit Smoking - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A lot of people are addicted to the fatal habit of smoking. However, there are many treatments available that can wean an individual off smoking. If one categorizes them, the treatments would fall under the following heads:

  • Pharmacological ways – These ways are typically the ways that would involve nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). This type of therapy would aim to replace the deadly nicotine with something, which is similar in the chemical structure. However, the ill effects of nicotine will be eliminated. The prolonged use of NRT will eventually wean the individual out of nicotine.
  • Home remedies - These will take a longer time for an individual to wean from nicotine, although this therapy is considered the best in the longer run. There are minimal side effects when home remedies are applied. Individuals are usually distracted from nicotine during the therapy. Detoxifying drinks are administered for the body to release the inhaled toxins.
  • Placebo & rehabilitation therapy - Placebo treatments are the kind of therapies, which will mock the smoking activity. The individual will be subjected to something called electronic cigarettes. Smoking the same will not generate the nicotine smoke, but psychologically, the individual will have the satisfaction of smoking.

How is the treatment done?

There are many ways to quit smoking. The various weaning ways will have set procedures and rules to be followed. The individual undergoing that treatment is kept under strict supervision and denied nicotine completely. Let us look deeper into the treatment ways!

- Nicotine Replacement Therapy(NRT) - The treatment will allow the body to absorb lower doses of nicotine except for the tar. Tar is nothing but carbon monoxide, which is the trouble creator. This therapy will eliminate sudden withdrawal symptoms, bad moods, and cravings. NRT molecules are available in different forms which aim to eliminate smoking. The various forms are:

  • Inhalators
  • Skin patches
  • Chewing gums
  • Tablets, syringes and lozenges

Patches will have a low speed of nicotine release. The patches are often advised to be taken off in the night. Chewing gums, inhalators and tablets have a higher rate of release, and might elevate the cravings. Only a single type of NRT will not be enough to wean out the bad habit. However, a combination of the above examples can together be taken up to 8-12 doses to show up any visible effect.

- Home remedies - Home remedies basically aim to heal the damage that has been caused by the hard part of the nicotine toxin. This toxin will permeate the body and cause damage to the cells, especially of the lungs. A home remedy with water is one of the widely used weaning methods. The absorption of extra amounts of water will force the toxin out of the body. Tobacco and nicotine in synergy cause a lot of damage to the cells. The same can be revived or reversed using water. Drinking water at regular intervals and under prescribed levels will ensure complete flush out of the toxin.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Ideally, an individual who has reached the highest level of nicotine contamination is eligible for treatment. However, upon doctors’ advice, all addicted individuals need not undergo treatment. The “quit smoking” treatment will again invite a sudden toll in the body. The changes, though for long-term benefits, will push the body into accepting the same. Weaning a bad habit will trigger bad moods and hyperactive individual nature.

Treatment should be taken under supervision and care. The withdrawal symptoms can be severe, and one need to be patient. Getting a high fever or a strong headache are signs of the weaning process and hence, you should not panic.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

The people who should be exclusively refrained from this treatment are:

  • Pregnant women
  • Children below 18 years
  • Breastfeeding women
  • People suffering from kidney problems and
  • People who encounter problems like epilepsy and eating disorders

The above categories of individuals refrain from such treatments because putting the body in a strict routine is not possible with them. A pregnant woman cannot be exposed to those patches and strict diet as she will have her own drugs to be administered. A combination of both will have ill-effects on the little one.

Are there any side effects?

Well, every treatment administered to the human body will end up in side effects. The severity of the side effect might differ from one to another. Since, NRT is the widely-used method of weaning, side effects related to the drug used are common. The possible side effects are:

  • Sickness: The state of being sick is the trend while under the therapy. The main reason behind this are the withdrawal symptoms and effects of the drug. The body will tend to feel weak and lean as the sudden kick from nicotine will be missing. The slow release of nicotine will make the body weak.
  • Constipation: Another most occurring side effect is constipation. This condition is due to the pharmacodynamics going inside the body due to the drug. Excretions will be affected majorly, as the therapy will try to eliminate the contamination of nicotine from all the major biochemical pathways.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

A typical “quit smoking” treatment would last for about 8-12 weeks. However, the real care and struggle come post treatment. The adopted ways are quite easy to give away unless the following guidelines are adhered to:

  • Stay away: Keeping yourself away from areas and groups that are smoky is a mandate. It is necessary that you keep away from people who smoke. Passive smoking is again deadly! Post treatment, the body signals will move towards returning to smoke. This happens due to the undying need for nicotine. Exposure to surrounding nicotine can trigger the need back.
  • Eat healthy: Eating healthy food like fruits, vegetables and juices will bring back the health to normal. All the side effects that were evident should vaporize. Fruits and other veggies will also improve one’s immunity and help fight any infections.

How long does it take to recover?

As soon as the therapy ends, a new phase of recovery begins. Your strict routine and medications will slowly take turns to heal the damaged lung and associated respiratory system. At the beginning, withdrawal symptoms will take charge and make things a little difficult for you. Bad mood and behavioral changes are inevitable. However, complete healing might take 2-3 years’ time. Momentary relief will start within a few weeks of treatment.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Generally, Indians always keep a mindset of being reasonable in everything that they do. The skin patches used as NRT will cost about INR 700-800. Overall, the treatment would cost around $10-12. The same might vary due to the differences between the treatment centers.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Well, the results of the treatments are permanent and will not turn temporary until one decides to. Quit smoking will become a part of your routine and you should exactly know what do to keep yourself in that. The treatment requires commitment and discipline. With the right attitude, the results can be forever. Temporary relief will become permanent with only your discipline. Results can reverse at any point if you fall weak and give into your old bad habits.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

This kind of addiction seldom finds alternatives. Nevertheless, there are a few ways that will let you quit smoking. They are:

  • Psychological training will train your mind to learn the ill effects of smoking. Your mind will be filled with so much of negativity about smoking that you will be forced the habit.
  • Fear is another weapon! Animated effects of smoking in lungs and respiratory systems will scare the smoker.
Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Recovery Time: High Price Range: RS. 700 - Rs. 800

Popular Health Tips

4 Easy Ways To Quit Smoking!

Dr. Deepak Subramanian 88% (10 ratings)
MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Chennai
4 Easy Ways To Quit Smoking!
How Smoking Impacts Your Organs? As you inhale cigarette smoke, about 7000 carcinogens stir the crevices of your body. In India, about 3,00,000 people die every year due to smoking-related issues. Here's a list of 5 such organs, which are the most affected by cigarette smoke. 1. Your lungs - Your lungs are probably the first organs to bear the wrath of cigarette smoke. Majority of the lung cancer cases are due to smoking. Other diseases include bronchitis and emphysema. This smoke paralyzes the cilia lining the inner walls so much so that it overproduces mucous. When the mucous builds, respiration suffers. Asthma and cancer follow. 2. Your Skin - Your skin also gets affected up to a huge extent if you smoke. You could have deep circles under your eyes, wrinkles on your skin, and stretch marks, if you continue smoking over time. Also, there lies the risk of major health issues like skin warts, psoriasis, skin cancer, and wounds, which may take longer to heal. 3. Your Penis - Studies revealed that you can take longer for an erection and find it difficult to maintain it if you are a heavy smoker. Studies have also revealed that men who quit smoking had longer and firmer erections. 4. Your Liver - Smoking increases the chances of you suffering from liver cancer dramatically. According to studies, half of the liver cancer cases are due to smoking. Obesity can also take place if you're a heavy smoker. 5. Your Eyes - Smoking affects your eyes to the extent of making you blind. Partial vision loss, glaucoma, cataracts, dry eye syndrome, and diabetic retinopathy are some of the other diseases you are susceptible to if you smoke. Despite the negative effects, quitting smoking can save you from all of these potential health hazards. Here are some ways to help you quit smoking. 1. Nicotine Replacement Therapy - There are a few nicotine replacement tools in the form of nicotine nasal sprays and nicotine inhaler, which you can use to quit smoking. 2. Chew on something - You should try to chew on some candy, or a gum, or anything crunchy and satisfying once you start getting restless for a cigarette or any other form of nicotine. That usually helps. 3. Relaxation techniques - If you are resisting tobacco strongly, it can be very stressful indeed. Take a break from whatever you are doing and go out for a walk, practice muscle relaxation, yoga or deep breathing to keep the craving out of the way. 4. Get involved in some physical work - Getting involved in some work will surely go a long way in reducing your craving. You can also try out physical exercises like squats, running, or jogging. Otherwise, you can also indulge in some needlework, or anything, which involves concentration or physical work.
9 people found this helpful

Smoking Effects And How To Quit Smoking

Dr. Anuneet Sabharwal 88% (138 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Smoking Effects And How To Quit Smoking
When you smoke, you not only harm yourself, but also the people around you. Your lungs aren t the only organs affected by tobacco; smoking has lasting effects on the mouth, nasal cavity, stomach, pancreas, kidney, liver, rectum etc. Smoking affects you physical and mental health, and can easily become an addiction. Smoking increases a person s risk of suffering from many types of cancer including oral cancer, stomach cancer, lung cancer etc, as well as the chance of having a stroke or cardiovascular disease. It can also cause diseases like Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Emphysema. Smoking speeds up the ageing process, and triggers the formation of wrinkles. It can also cause cavities, gum disease and suppress appetite. Heavy smokers often have difficulties with their sexual functioning by having difficulty reaching an orgasm, and can even be infertile. Men may have difficulty maintaining an erection, while women who smoke are more likely to suffer from complications during pregnancy. Decreased bone density and weakened eyesight are some of the other long-term effects of smoking. When it comes to quitting smoking, there is no one technique that can work for everyone. Smoking is an addiction that becomes a part of your normal routine, and hence, quitting cigarettes can be very difficult for many people. To successfully quit smoking, one must address both the addiction, and the habits that accompany it. The first step to quitting smoking is to set a date for when you will have your last cigarette. Inform your friends and family about your decision, especially those who you used to smoke with and ask for their support. If you feel you may be tempted to smoke around certain people, it may be a good idea to avoid them for a while. Given that smoking is a habit, it is natural to crave nicotine. You may experience withdrawal symptoms such as irritability, frustration, restlessness, insomnia, fatigue, constipation headaches and a reduced attention span. To cope with these effects, remind yourself why you quit in the first place. Find ways to distract yourself and reward yourself from time to time for not giving in to nicotine cravings. To cope with nicotine withdrawal symptoms, you may want to try cigarettes substitutes like nicotine gums or nicotine patches that deliver small doses of nicotine at regular intervals without the tar and other chemicals found in cigarettes. E-cigarettes, although popular these days, are not a safe alternative to smoking. Alternative therapies such as hypnosis and acupuncture can also help quit smoking. Consult your Psychiatrist, and be in regular follow up with him/her to stay clean and healthy.
4658 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Does nicotex gum can be used by diabetic patient for quitting smoking. My father age 60 has high BP and diabetes and addicted to smoking and alcohol how to get rid from it.

Dr. Saranya Devanathan 93% (1311 ratings)
MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Shyamal, Your father can use Nicotex gum for maximum 12 weeks to quit smoking. With high BP, diabetes and age, smoking adds to risk for heart diseases. Quitting smoking reduces the risk even after many years of smoking. Nicotex will not be useful to quit alcohol. He may need other treatments for alcohol withdrawal.

Hello Mam. 2 days back you had advised me to give my brother Becosules cap for 5 days and SM fibro tab for one month (but instead of SM Fibro I have given him Lycopene cap coz that medicines was not available in the medical shop. N I have said him to do exercise with ice cream sticks n blowing balloons n he is doing everything n now the results are good. Before only 9 sticks used to go in his mouth but today 16 sticks are inserting in his mouth. So I was asking should I continue wit Becosules cap and lycopene cap? N instead of giving lycopene cap should I start giving him SM Fibre Coz may be now it is available. N now he even quit smoking n gutka 10 days has been over he dint evn touched gutka n smoking.

Dr. Saranya Devanathan 93% (1311 ratings)
MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Iffath, Congratulations to you and your friend for quitting gutkha and smoking. Find out how much he has saved so for by quitting it. Calculate the amount to 3 months and ask him what he wants as a gift for that amount. Please continue to motivate him for 3 months at least to stop both gutkha and smoking. If he has any withdrawal symptoms he can take replacement for next 12 weeks in decreasing quantities. Tell him stopping them gave full opening of mouth in 10 days itself. Further more benefits will come. Both the tablets are only supportive. Quitting is the treatment. All the best.
1 person found this helpful

I used to smoke and from last two days I have stopped smoking it once for all so I want to know is it safe to stop smoking at once? If yes then what are quick effects of quitting smoking and what precautions should be taken after stopping smoking.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 90% (21632 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
It is safe to stop smoking at once. Your peripheral circulation may also begin to improve during this time. However, during this time you may also begin to experience some of the adverse effects of quitting smoking: withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms may include anxiety, increased appetite, irritability, sleeplessness, and intense cravings. When you quit smoking, the inflammation in the airways goes down. The little hair-like projections in the airways that we call cilia — which are paralyzed by smoke — begin to work again. So the lungs will get better in weeks to months.
1 person found this helpful

I'm 35 years old and tobacco chewing till 12 years I want to quit chewing tobacco.

Dr. Nazima 85% (641 ratings)
MD PHYSICIAN
General Physician, Delhi
There are many ways to quit tabacco, some of them are listed here: 1) Try nicotine replacement therapy-Short-acting nicotine replacement therapies — such as nicotine gum, lozenges, nasal sprays or inhalers — can help you overcome intense cravings. 2) avoid visiting to those places where you smoked, chewed tobacco most often 3) distract yourself when you feel tobacco craving 4) Give your mouth something to do to fight a tobacco craving. Chew on sugarless gum or hard candy, or munch on raw carrots, celery, nuts or sunflower seeds — something crunchy and satisfying 5) Physical activity can help distract you from tobacco cravings and reduce their intensity. Follow these measures and you will surely get benefited.

Hello sir. How long lungs will take to recover to normal after 5-6 years of smoking?

Dr. Jagadeesan M.S. 96% (8506 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
It depends on the nature and severity of lung damage. If it is early and reversible may be in 6 months to 12 years. After permanent severe damage the damaged lung part cant be reversed, but by stopping smoking further damage can be prevented. All the best
2 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Passive Smoking - Impacts on Health

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 90% (32379 ratings)
MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Passive smoking in children can lead to death. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
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