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Overview

Epilepsy - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Epilepsy is a type of disorder which is characterized by an urge for recurrent seizures. Drugs and medications are prescribed to control the seizures, if medications fail, surgery is considered the last resort. During a seizure there is a sudden flow of electrical activity inside the brain. This can cause disturbance in the brain cells. A person’s brain can become ‘mixed up’ or ‘halted’ during a seizure. There are various types of seizures, and each seizure depends on the patient’s brain functioning.

Types of seizures:

  • Idiopathic- There is no apparent cause for this form of epilepsy.
  • Cryptogenic- During a cryptogenic seizure, the doctor suspects there is a cause behind it but he/she can’t pinpoint it.
  • Symptomatic- During this type of seizure, the specialist knows what exactly the cause is.
  • Classification of seizures:

    Partial seizure- There are usually two types of partial seizure:

    • Simple partial seizure- During this type of seizure, the patient is conscious and is also aware of her/his surrounding.
    • Complex partial seizure- During this form of seizure, the consciousness of the patient is impaired. The patient tends to forget the seizure, even if they are reminded of it, the recollection of this seizure is very vague.
    • Generalized seizure- This occurs when both the halves of the brain has epileptic activity going on. The consciousness of the person s generally lost during the seizure.

      • Secondary generalized seizure- This type of seizure occurs when the epileptic activity stars to occur as a partial seizure and gradually spreads to both the halves of the brain. The atient looses consciousness as the development of the seizure progresses.

      Sometimes other disorders and conditions are misdiagnosed as epilepsy. These conditions include:

      • High fever which has symptoms similar to epilepsy.
      • Fainting
      • Narcolepsy (disrupted nocturnal sleep and continuous episodes of sleep during the daytime).
      • Cataplexy (an attack characterized by extreme weakness due to an emotional response like anger, fear and surprise)
      • Sleep disorders
      • Nightmares
      • Panic attacks caused due to mental health disorders.
      • Fugue states (this is a rare psychological disorder caused due to temporary amnesia)
      • Psychogenic seizures (a behavior related to psychiatric disturbance like conversion disorder)
      • Breath holding episodes which occurs when a child cries vigorously and then suddenly stops breathing for a few seconds. This is characterized by loss of consciousness and change in skin color.

      Anti-epileptic drugs are prescribed to people who are diagnosed with epilepsy, to reduce the symptoms of epilepsy in the long run.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Loss of consciousness. Seizures

Popular Health Tips

Virudh Ahar (Incompatible foods)

Dr. Rajesh Choda 93% (6505 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Zirakpur
Virudh Ahar (Incompatible foods)
Ayurveda 's Vagbhatta has described to avoid some foods which should not be taken in combination with each other. Some examples of food combos to be avoided: Green leafy vegetables and drinking of milk. Meat of animals and honey, black gram, jaggery etc. Milk and sour substances Milk and fish Cooked honey is not compatible Curd at night Drinking of cold water after hot tea, coffee or hot food intake. Bronze vessel clarified butter kept more than a week should not be heated for consumption. Honey, ghee, oils, fats, bone marrow etc in combo. Milk, banana, fruit salad are not compatible as per Ayurveda. EFFECTS OF CONSUMING VIRUDH AHARA: Allergic disorders, Digestive disorders, Mandagni (chronic digestive fire weakness), skin disorders, epilepsy, infertility, insanity, Irrirable Bowel Syndrome, psychosomatic ailments, ascites are some of the possibilities of constant incompatible food intake.
1 person found this helpful

Brain Mapping Surgery - Why It Is Performed?

MCh - Neurosurgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Chennai
Brain Mapping Surgery - Why It Is Performed?
Brain mapping is a technique where the biological quantities of a human brain are represented as spatial quantities resulting in maps. As with many other medical technologies, brain mapping is fast-evolving as well. Among several uses, brain mapping is chiefly used while performing surgery on the brain. When surgery is to be performed on the brain such as surgery for epilepsy, the surgeon would want to comprehend how the brain areas are affected by seizures. The surgical intervention is meant for removing as much as seizure focus as possible while preserving crucial functions like understanding, speech, vision, movement, and sensation. Why is brain mapping performed? Brain mapping is a process which helps in identification of functions of various parts of the brain. Mapping the brain by stimulating different areas of the brain areas can aid in creating a map for a particular person. The map allows the doctor in understanding what parts of the brain are responsible for performing critical functions including sensation, movement, speech and other functions. Which functions of the brain can be mapped electrically? Typical areas of the brain which have motor, language, visual and sensory functions are needed to be mapped. When current is applied to a single area at a time, the doctor understands which part of the brain is responsible for which function. When the patient is not able to speak due to the current, then the area is likely to be crucial for language function. If the limbs, face or trunk of the patient stop moving as the current passes, the area that is tested is responsible for movement. On the other hand, if the individual experiences tingling, numbing, and other sensations when the current is applied, it means that a sensory region is discovered. How is electrical brain mapping performed? Electrical brain mapping for guiding brain surgery for epilepsy can be performed in two distinct processes: directly during the surgery or in a two-stage procedure. Two-stage procedure: In the first stage of the process, the surgeon creates an opening in the skull which helps in exposing the surface of the brain. Small electrical contacts or electrodes are placed on the brain surface even though no brain tissue is removed. As soon as the electrodes are in the right position, the scalp is closed. The electrodes not only record the seizure of the patient electrically but also allow mapping of various areas of the brain. The last stage is surgery where abnormal brain tissues are removed. Brain mapping process during surgery: Electrical brain mapping may also be performed during the surgery which exposes part of the brain. This is termed as intraoperative brain mapping since it occurs while performing the main operation. The process of mapping may last for an hour to several hours at a stretch. Brain mapping is also used to diagnose neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer s and Parkinson s. In these cases, the brain map shows extreme shrinkage of the brain due to tissue loss.
3381 people found this helpful

Homeopathic Treatment For Epilepsy!

Dr. Archana Agarwal 91% (183 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Homeopathic Treatment For Epilepsy!
Epilepsy is a disease that affects the brain's nerve cells and triggers the release of abnormal electrical signals. This can cause temporary malfunctioning of the other brain cells and result in sudden loss of consciousness. Epilepsy can affect both children and adults. Epilepsy can be treated in a number of ways. One of the most preferred forms of treatment is homeopathy. Homeopathy addresses both the physical symptoms of the disease and the underlying factors triggering it. Another big advantage of homeopathic treatment is that it has negligible side effects. A few homeopathic remedies that can be used to treat epilepsy are: Cicuta: Cicuta is very effective when used to treat cases of epilepsy where convulsions are marked by violent, body distortions. This can include the horrific backward bending of the spine (learn about the exercises for spine). These convulsions also make the person's face turn blue and trigger a locked jaw. This can also be used to effectively treat epilepsy cases triggered by head injuries and worms. Artemisia Vulgaris: This is used to often treat cases of Petit Mal Epilepsy which are characterized by staring into space, leaning forwards or backwards and stopping a sentence abruptly. It also addresses fear that triggers epileptic attacks. Stramonium: Convulsions triggered by exposure to bright lights or shiny objects can be treated with this homeopathic remedy. In such cases, the patient may not lose consciousness but experiences jerks in the muscles of the upper body. Cuprum Met: This homeopathic remedy is used to treat seizures that are preceded by experiencing an aura in the knees (know more about the Causes and Symptoms of Knee Pain). Other symptoms that characterize this sort of an epileptic attack are spasms that begin in the fingers and toes and gradually spread to the rest of the body and jerking of muscles. This can also be used to treat convulsions that accompany menstruation and follow the delivery of a baby. Bufo Rana: Not all epileptic attacks occur you are awake. Attacks that occur in your sleep can be treated with bufo rana. Such epileptic attacks are accompanied by experiencing an aura in the genital regions. This is especially helpful for women who experience seizures during menstruation. Hyoscyamus: Some epileptic fits are followed by a deep sleep. This type of epileptic attacks can be treated with Hyoscyamus. Other symptoms addresses by this homeopathic medicine are fidgeting with bed clothes, fidgeting with fingers and muscular twitching. These homeopathic remedies can be taken on their own or in combination with other medicines.
2 people found this helpful

How Homeopathy Helps Prevent Epilepsy?

Dr. Sangita Daithankar 89% (56 ratings)
Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, PG HOM (London), CCH, CGO, BHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
How Homeopathy Helps Prevent Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a disease that affects the brain's nerve cells and triggers the release of abnormal electrical signals. This can cause temporary malfunctioning of the other brain cells and result in sudden loss of consciousness. Epilepsy can affect both children and adults. Epilepsy can be treated in a number of ways. One of the most preferred forms of treatment is Homeopathy. Homoeopathy not only controls these episodes but can also cure it. A few homeopathic remedies that can be used to treat epilepsy are: Cicuta: Cicuta is very effective when used to treat cases of epilepsy where convulsions are marked by violent, body distortions. This can include the horrific backward bending of the spine. These convulsions also make the person's face turn blue and trigger a locked jaw. This can also be used to effectively treat epilepsy cases triggered by head injuries and worms. Artemisia Vulgaris: This is used to often treat cases of Petit Mal Epilepsy which are characterized by staring into space, leaning forwards or backwards and stopping a sentence abruptly. It also addresses fear that triggers epileptic attacks. Stramonium: Convulsions triggered by exposure to bright lights or shiny objects can be treated with this homeopathic remedy. In such cases, the patient may not lose consciousness but experiences jerks in the muscles of the upper body. Cuprum Met: This homeopathic remedy is used to treat seizures that are preceded by experiencing an aura in the knees. Other symptoms that characterize this sort of an epileptic attack are spasms that begin in the fingers and toes and gradually spread to the rest of the body and jerking of muscles. This can also be used to treat convulsions that accompany menstruation and follow the delivery of a baby. Bufo Rana: Not all epileptic attacks occur you are awake. Attacks that occur in your sleep can be treated with bufo rana. Such epileptic attacks are accompanied by experiencing an aura in the genital regions. This is especially helpful for women who experience seizures during menstruation. Hyoscyamus: Some epileptic fits are followed by a deep sleep. This type of epileptic attacks can be treated with Hyoscyamus. Other symptoms addresses by this homeopathic medicine are fidgeting with bed clothes, fidgeting with fingers and muscular twitching. Always remember for proper treatment consult a Homoeopathic doctor. We can take homoeopathic treatment with other medicines, and then can slowly reduce its doses.
3 people found this helpful

Epilepsy And Seizures In Children - 6 Ways To Deal With It!

Dr. Jinendra Kumar Jain 95% (2516 ratings)
Diploma in Child Health (DCH), F.I.A.M.S. (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Muzaffarnagar
Epilepsy And Seizures In Children - 6 Ways To Deal With It!
How to care for your child with paediatric epilepsy? Epilepsy is defined as a neurological disorder, which affects people of all age groups. However, the cases of seizures are found more in young children (likely to occur in as many as 4% of children) than in adults. It is still not known as to why a developing brain is more prone to seizures than a mature brain. A child is said to be suffering from epilepsy when they occur frequently. As parents your responsibilities are compounded if your child has epilepsy. You not only have to pay heed towards the normal concerns of his/her upbringing but also have to look into your child's emotional aspects, while dealing with the disorder in your day to day life. You can help your child deal with the condition in the following ways: 1. It is quite likely that your child may feel resentful and develop emotional issues, such as depression or low self-esteem. Help your child cultivates positive attitude towards life and his/her disease. 2. Try to make your child come to terms with reality by helping him/her to understand that even though he/she may be different, he/she shouldn't look upon the condition as something that is abnormal. It is best to help your child concentrate on his/her strengths at such times. 3. Help your child participate in activities of his/her choice to instill positivity in life. 4. Make sure your other children understand their sibling's ailment and if he/she feels neglected try and spend more time with him/her. If need be, seek family counselling to make everyone understand how to deal with your child's illness. 5. Learn about your child's medication schedule thoroughly and also find out what he/she needs to do in case a dose of medication is missed. 6. Develop an environment where he/she feels comfortable and can easily share a concern or anxieties. If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on consult.
589 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

What is epilepsy? I have been told that I have it after I had a funny turn in the street, but I don t understand it. Can you explain this condition?

Dr. Prabhukiran 9160086693 90% (450 ratings)
MBBS, MD psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Gulbarga
excess electric activity in brain . which is produces abnormal activity in body. it can induce a behaviour problems like u said. consult for more details .

I had recently arotic valve replacement with st jude mechanical valve ,i'm using acitrom 1, 2 mg alternately what are the precautions should be taken while using it ,i had epilepsy too ,i'm using keppra 1000 mg daily ,should I continue penidure injection now.

Dr. Gaurav Uppal 92% (221 ratings)
Diploma in Psychological Medicine, doing post diploma MD
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
Hi pavan, you have multiple problems, levetaricetam (keppra) usually does not interact with other drugs, but precautions need to be taken while using it. I think you should refer your treating doctor for so, he will help you out of your doubts. Wish you a speedy recovery, best of luck.

Epilepsy for new born baby it can affect brain of the baby then the baby not cried when delivery.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 93% (21294 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Yes , brain of the baby can be affected if the baby not cried at the time of delivery. It is called birth asphyxia

Does epilepsy treatment possible with the help of medicine if possible then what is the duration of its.

Dr. Rajeev Ranjan 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Gopalganj
Off course. But duration of it should be longer. If you have 5 continuous seizure free years on continuing medication. Then it can be stopped gradually, provided there should not be any structural brain changes or eeg changes.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Myths and Facts About Epilepsy

Dr. Jigar Parekh 89% (116 ratings)
DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Rajkot
Alcohol may trigger epileptic seizures and a person can choke on his/her tongues while having one. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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