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Gynecomastia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Gynecomastia?

The enlargement of the gland tissue of the male breast is known as gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is common in men who are in the infancy, puberty and also in their middle or old age. However this condition must be distinguished from lipomastia or pseudogynecomastia which is different, and refers to fat deposit in the breast are of men.

Although gynecomastia is the most common reason for medical examination of male breasts, but true gynecomastia is only present in very small percentage of men.Gynecomastia is a condition that happens because of imbalance in the estrogen and androgen hormones in men. When the secretion of estrogen (female hormone) in men becomes relatively high than androgen (male hormone) this condition occurs in the male anatomy. Gynecomastia that happens in boys during their puberty and in normally growing infants often gets resolved on its own as hence is also known as psychologic gynecomastia.

Some of the reasons that causes this condition are:

  • Malnutrition and refeeding while recovering from malnutrition have both shown to have developed hormonal environments in our body that can lead to this disease. Likewise cirrhosis of liver which alters the regular metabolism of hormones can lead to formation of gynecomastia.
  • Disorder in the male sex organs like testes which can impede testosterone production and thus create relatively high estrogen level can even lead to this disease. Sometimes this said disorder can also happen because of genetic disorder such as Klinefelter's syndrome. Testicular carcinoma can also lead to gynecomastia.
  • Other conditions like altered hormonal environment in the male anatomy like chronic renal failure and hyperthyroidism can also lead to gynecomastia.

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Pubertal gynecomastia most often gets resolved by its own and so in very rare cases they persists and require treatment. However gynecomastia that remains present over a long period of time (for 24 months or more) may undergo fibrosis and so it gets hard to be recovered with medications and so is at times a source of social embarrassment. For complicated and severe gynecomastia cases in which the breast tissue has undergone fibrosis and has become scarred, it’s most often surgical techniques that can only bring back normalcy. But, in general gynecomastia in never a long term problem.

Experts are of the opinion, that patients who have true gynecomastia have about five times more risk of developing breast cancer, compared to other men. It is because this condition happens due to hormonal changes in the male body, which enhances the risk of developing breast cancer in adult men.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Swelling of the breasts Tenderness

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Popular Questions & Answers

Why my nipples are not hard every time I do eat healthy food and do gym 1 1/2 hour daily. I do not smoke regularly and drink regularly.

Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. When your chest becomes tight and muscular automatically your nipples too will be stretched. I suggest telephonic counseling for you. You can contact me for further ad...

I think I have slight gynecomastia, can femara and a strong testosterone booster help me over come this problem and if yes for how long should I continue to take it?

No, There are no known medications to reduce adult gynecomastia. Since it is not a disease it is not necessary to remove it. For removal surgery is the only choice. Male breast or gynecomastia reduction. Is one of the most frequently performed off...
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I am suffering from gynecomastia problem what I should do for it. I feel uncomfortable when I wear any tight t-shirt. please give me any suggestions to fatty cure my problem.

Dear Mr. lybrate-user, The best treatment to treat Gynecomastia is surgery, where excess fat is removed which is followed by removal of breast tissue or glands. For best results VASER liposuction can be used to remove the excess fat. This can be d...
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Hi, I have gynecomastia problem on my chest to last 2 years please give some advice to get rid for gynecomastia problem.

Dear Mr. lybrate-user, The only options to remove Gynecomastia is surgery. I would request you to please consult an experienced Board Certified Plastic Surgeon in your area who will examine you and give you the treatment options. Regards.
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Table of Content

What is Gynecomastia?

Some of the reasons that causes this condition are:

More About :

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Gynecomastia - Know More About It
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