Breast Reduction: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects
What is the treatment?
Breast reduction is normally done in women with the help of a cosmetic surgery that helps to reduce the size and weight of large and heavy breasts. This helps a person to get aesthetically pleasing breasts that suit his/her physique as well as personality. A cosmetic surgery may be able to treat sagging breasts and improve their symmetry by making them smaller, lighter and firmer. On the other hand, gynacomastia is the enlargement of the gland tissue of the male breast. This condition occurs when the grandular or breast tissue in men shows some abnormal growth. There are a number of ways to reduce male breasts.
Breast reduction is used alleviate pain in the neck, shoulders, back and also to remove the discomfort during any kind of physical activity. Furthermore, the cosmetic benefits that a woman can experience from breast reduction surgery are firmer breasts that help a woman to appear younger and more appealing overall appearance will be due to better proportioned breasts. A woman will also look better both in and out of clothing as breast reduction surgery helps to stretched areolas and the large nipples. She will be able to fit into that form-fitting dress and be the center of attention at a party.
In most men, pubertal gynacomastia gets resolved on its own. Parenteral or transdermal testosterone therapy is done if a man is suffering from hypogonadism.. A patient will have to undergo medical or surgical treatment if he is suffering from idiopathic gynacomastia or residual gynacomastia. A man who has been suffering from enlarged breasts and have not benefitted from medication is eligible for breast reduction surgery. Testosterone therapy also helps to reduce male breasts.
How is the treatment done?
Male breasts are surgically reduced with the help of reduction mammoplasty. The chest is flattened by reducing the size of the breasts and this helps to improve the shape of the male chest. When the breast tissues are extremely heavy and it causes the areola to sag, the location and size of the areola is generally adjusted. Liposuction is performed if the male breasts develop due to excess fat. A narrow canula is used to suction off the excess fat in this procedure.
There are different methods by breast reduction can be done in women. If a woman wants a shorter and a less invasive procedure, she can opt for breast reduction by liposuction. However, liposuction is good for those who want slight to moderate reduction in the size of breasts and there is no sagging to correct. Vertical or lollipop breast reduction can be availed by those women who want a moderate reduction in breast size and who have noticeable sagging. This process involves the making of two incisions. The first is around the edge of the areola and the second one is made from the bottom of the areola to the inframammary fold. A surgeon is able to remove excess fat, skin and breast tissues because of the pattern of this incision. The inverted T or ‘Anchor’ breast reduction procedure involves the making of three incisions. One incision is made around the edge of the areola, one vertically from the areola to the breast crease and the third one is made along the crease below the breast. This procedure allows for a considerable reduction of breast size and also enables the correction of sagging and asymmetry.
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
A man is eligible for treatment of gynecomastia if he feels that he has unusually large breasts and he experiences some discomfort due to this condition. Reduction mammoplasty can be performed in a person only when he/she does not have any other serious health complication and if he/she can physically endure the surgical procedure. A woman who has large breasts and so suffers from pain in the back and neck, skin irritation and posture problem is eligible for breast reduction surgery.
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
A man, whose breasts have developed during puberty and those which get reduced on their own, is not eligible for treatment. A man will also be not eligible for reduction mammoplasty if his condition can be treated by other means like hormone therapy. A woman, who can reduce the breast size by reducing weight or by adoping a healthier lifestyle, is not eligible for treatment. Pregnant women and women will a serious condition should consult a doctor before going for this surgery.
Are there any side effects?
Some of the side effects that a woman can experience after breast reduction surgery are thick scarring, problems in healing wounds, loss of sensation in the nipples, permanently being unable to breast feed and red or lumpy breasts due to fat necrosis. In men, when breast size is reduced with the help of testosterone, there may be some side effects. These symptoms may include disturbances in sleep, mood swings, increased risk of heart attacks and strokes and reduction in the size of testicles.
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
A man who has undergone surgery should restrict normal physical activities till at least after 3 weeks after the surgery. They should also not go into the direct sunlight till the bruising and the selling subsides. I case of women, the final results of breast reduction surgery are only visible after a period of 2-3 months. The doctor may advise a woman to take oral painkillers for the first few days after the surgery in order to deal with any pain that she may experience. A woman can wear a surgical bra to deal with the pain and also to support the healing breasts.
How long does it take to recover?
A person will be able to start with her normal physical activities within a couple of weeks of the surgery. However, strenuous activities should be avoided for about 4 weeks. Thus it will take about a month to recover from a breast reduction surgery. A person generally requires 4-6weeks to recover from the swelling and scarring associated with a breast reduction surgery.
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Gynecomastia or surgical reduction of male breasts generally cost around Rs 60,000 in India. Testosterone therapy used to treat male breasts requires the administration of injections. Every injection of testosterone costs around Rs 5000. Breast reduction surgery generally costs between Rs 1,00,000 to Rs 1,50,000 in India.
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
A woman will generally get smaller and lighter breasts for a lifetime after a breast reduction surgery. However, the breasts may sag as an inevitable result of aging. Furthermore, the shape, size and appearance of the breasts may change if a woman becomes pregnant again. It is also important for a woman who has undergone breast reduction surgery to maintain her weight in order to experience the results permanently. A man may again develop large breasts as the result of the side effects of any medication.
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Some of the natural ways by which a woman can reduce the size of her breasts are by doing cardio and strength-training exercises, aerobic exercises, by performing some special massage and by consuming ginger, green tea and flax seeds.