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Liposuction - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

It can get quite frustrating trying to get rid of the excess and stubborn fat that often accumulates on the thighs, arms, flanks or other parts of the body. Often, exercising and diet aren't enough to achieve the desired results. People, in search for aesthetics, then turn to the procedure of liposuction.

Liposuction removes body fat using the process of suction. Liposuction has been proven to be one of the most popular types of reconstructive surgeries. This procedure, though has its share of side effects and risks, is still very popular because of its ability to specifically target and take care of isolated, deep pockets of stubborn fat. Liposuction is often done in combination with other plastic surgeries such as breast augmentation or an abdominoplasty (also known as 'tummy tuck' surgery). It effectively rejuvenates and shapes the body contours.

In recent times, the availability of various techniques has rendered the procedure safer and comparatively less painful vis-a-vis what was before. The techniques involved include ultrasound liposuction (ultrasound is used for liquefying the excess fat that is to be removed), laser liposuction (low intensity laser waves are used for liquefying the targeted fat) and tumescent liposuction (the practice of traditional liposuction after the body tissues are injected with an anesthetic solution).

Liposuction is usually an outpatient procedure unless there are large amounts of fat that need to be taken care of. The type of anesthesia (local or general) administered depends on the volume of fat to be removed.

How is the treatment done?

The process is actually quite complex where the surgeon needs to be highly competent. However, the procedure will vary with the targeted area and the type of liposuction chosen. Generally, every procedure more or less follows the same structure.

Firstly, anesthesia is administered. The type of anesthesia would depend on the volume of fat that is to be removed and also the area targeted. It is administered in the form of an injection containing a numbing solution. In case of local anesthesia, only the area targeted will be numbed while in general anesthesia, the patient will be numbed for the entire duration of the surgery. Upon waking up, the patient would still feel numb and feel little to almost no pain.

The next step is creating small incisions around the area from where fat will be removed.

Next, a cannula (vacuum tube) is inserted into the layer of fat through the tiny incisions. The cannula is moved about to disintegrate the fat cells and then suctioned out using a Vaccum pump or an attached syringe. Intravenous fluids will be administered to make up for the loss of blood and other bodily fluids that might happen during the procedure. Once this is completed, the incisions are sealed

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

A Liposuction surgery is recommended when:

  • The candidate is in good physical health
  • The candidate is within a range of about 12 kilos of his 'should be' body weight
  • The excess fat deposits have not responded to either exercise or diet
  • The candidate is above 18 years old

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Liposuction is not recommended in the following scenarios:

  • When the candidate's primary goal is major loss of weight.
  • When the candidate is a pregnant woman; this is because of the reason that a woman's body weight might significantly vary post childbirth and hence, it is good to just wait and see how things shape up.
  • When the candidate is a smoker; this is because smoking constricts the body's blood vessels, thus impairing the circulation of oxygen that is essential for healing post surgery.

Are there any side effects?

Yes, there are quite a few side effects to liposuction, them being:

  • Swelling: Almost all techniques of liposuction cause swelling post surgery. Thus it is important to follow up with the doctor and keep him/her informed about any change in the swelling. Swelling around the treated area as well as the ankles is pretty common combined with a lumpy appearance that is temporary and dissipates within a span of six months. Inflammation of veins also remains a possibility in case the thighs were treated.
  • Bruising: The treated area often becomes discolored and sensitive to touch; however, this usually fades within a month. Similar to swelling, the type of liposuction that was opted for often determines the extent of bruising.
  • General discomfort: Certain amount of tenderness is common. OTC pain medicines can be prescribed to control this discomfort.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post- treatment guidelines include:

  • Following a healthy diet: There is no set liposuction diet; having said that, lean protein, whole grains, fresh produce and dairy products rich in calcium.
  • One should consume sufficient amounts of water in a day and cut back completely on processed foods.
  • Exercising: Moderate aerobic exercises are probably the best options for a patient who has undergone liposuction. Some of the best forms of exercise include jogging, walking, cycling, etc.

How long does it take to recover?

Liposuction, being an outpatient procedure, results in quick recovery. In most cases, patients can resume their normal routine within 15 days. However, the bruising, tenderness and soreness could persist over a few weeks.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of Liposuction in India ranges within Rs. 1,30,800 - Rs. 2,27,500.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results are more or less permanent. The fat cells which are removed during the procedure certainly do not form back. However, one needs to adopt a healthier way of life to achieve the best results and not let further fat cells accumulate.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternatives to this treatment are:

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: High Side Effects: Medium Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: Rs. 40,000 - Rs. 2,00,000

Popular Health Tips

Liposuction For Removal Of Stubborn Fat Pockets!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Liposuction For Removal Of Stubborn Fat Pockets!

Stubborn fat pockets that cling to the body are a matter of concern for most people these days. The fat primarily accumulates around the buttocks, belly, arms and chin, and this can make you look unfit and unattractive. Exercise and diet alone are not enough to get rid of the fat pockets in these body parts. Thankfully, with the advent of new-age technology, removing excess fat from specific problem areas is possible with liposuction.

Liposuction is a body contouring procedure that eliminates excess fat and leaves you with a smooth, toned body that you can flaunt confidently.

Different types of liposuction procedure

There are different types of the procedure, so you get a handful of options to choose from-

• Tumescent Liposuction - Involves injecting a sterile solution containing salt water, epinephrine and lidocaine into the targeted area. This is the most common and preferred way to get rid of excess fat since the mixture of fluids makes it easier to suction the fat with minimal pain and bleeding.

• Ultrasound-Assisted Liposuction (UAL) - With the use of ultrasonic vibrations, the fat cells are turned into liquid and are later vacuumed out.

Laser-Assisted Liposuction (LAL) - Laser energy is used to liquefy the fat cells. The liquefied cells are eventually drained out through a small tube.

The dermatologist will recommend any of the above procedures, depending on the area from which you want to reduce fat.

Liposuction: Steps of the procedure

• Before beginning with the liposuction procedure, the surgeon will mark specific areas on your body that will be operated
• The surgeon will administer local/general anaesthesia to numb the area before operating
• He/she will insert a suction tube with a sharp edge (known as a cannula) into the fat pockets through small incisions and sweep through the area from where fat needs to be removed
• Next, he/she will vacuum away the displaced liquefied fat through the suction tube
• The surgeon may perform multiple punctures on the skin to treat the targeted areas and get the best shape
• Once the excess fat is removed from the pockets, the surgeon may insert drainage tubes to remove fluid and blood that accumulates during the surgery
• In case you lose too much blood or fluid during the procedure, you may require fluid replacement (intravenously) or a blood transfusion (in rare cases)
• After the surgery, the doctor will advise you to wear compression garments to minimize discomfort and quicken the healing process

Benefits of liposuction surgery

If you are still in a dilemma whether you should go for the surgery, here is a look at the several benefits of liposuction-

• It is a safe procedure with minor side effects such as swelling and bruising
• It is an outpatient procedure. This means you can walk out of the clinic/hospital the same day you undergo the surgery.
• The results are long lasting

Complete recovery after the surgery takes place within 2 weeks, after which you can resume your normal activities.

Liposuction thus helps smooth away stubborn fat pockets that refuse to go away even after spending hours at the gym. The procedure not only leaves you with a well-toned, slimmer figure but also enhances your confidence and self-esteem. Consult a dermatologist and discuss the pros and cons of the procedure before you go for it.

5 people found this helpful

Liposuction Surgery

M Ch., MS - General Surgery, DNB Plastic surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Liposuction Surgery

Liposuction is a type cosmetic surgery that refers to the removal of excess fats from the body through suction.During liposuction, small, thin, blunt-tipped tubes (cannula) are inserted through tiny cuts in the skin.

Liposuction is used to remove fat deposits from:

  1. Thighs.

  2. Hips and buttocks.

  3. Abdomen and waist.

  4. Upper arms.

  5. Back.

  6. Inner knee.

  7. Chest area.

  8. Cheeks, chin and neck.

  9. Calves and ankles.

Different techniques are adopted in liposuction process. Some of them are:

  1. Traditional Liposuction: In traditional liposuction, the surgeon uses a thin tube called a cannula, connected to a powerful suction pump.

  2. Tumescent Liposuction: Tumescent liposuction is similar to traditional liposuction, but experts often hail its innovative use of medication and reduced risks for complications.

  3. Super-wet Liposuction: Super-wet liposuction is a variation of the tumescent technique that uses less fluid injection.

  4. Ultrasonic Liposuction: This popular form of liposuction uses a specialized cannula that emits ultrasonic sound waves into the fat deposits to liquefy fat cells and make them easier to remove.

  5. Power Assisted Liposuction: By employing a cannula that has a vibrating tip, surgeons are able to break up fat cells for easier removal.

More and more people are turning to liposuction to help achieve their aesthetic goals. Patients benefit both mentally and physically from liposuction. In fact, liposuction has become one of the most popular plastic surgery procedures in the world because it is a safe and effective way to remove fat and cellulite in your body. To add to it’s effectiveness, liposuction can be paired with a myriad of complementary procedures such as breast augmentation, tummy tuck, and even facial plastic surgery.

The benefits of liposuction include:

  • Safe removal of fat

  • Reduction of cellulite or improvement in the appearance of cellulite

  • Improved health, usually associated with fat loss

  • Changes the way you look, and the way others perceive you

  • Boost in self-esteem

  • Sculpting areas of body that even exercise and diet don’t seem to impact

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4703 people found this helpful

Liposuction - What You Can Do About Genetic Fat?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Patna
Liposuction - What You Can Do About Genetic Fat?

Your genetic background influences where your body fat is stored. In case, your mother or father has fat stored in the abdomen, hips, waist or in the thigh, it is likely for you to develop deposits of fat in the same regions.

Circumstances of Genetic Fat

  • You may have a proper or a balanced BMI (body mass index) but still tend to develop bulges in areas, which are likely to make you look disproportional.
  • You may become obese by development of excess fat accumulation in the lower abdomen region, referred to as pannus. Extra fat may accumulate in your lower back and hips as well, which cannot be lost in spite of taking weight losing measures.

Liposuction to get rid of extra fat:

  • Liposuction is a cosmetic surgery that allows you to remove genetic fat or any extra fat from the body, in order to change the body's shape. Liposuction does not remove cellulites and tightening of loose skin cannot be done.
  • Liposuction removes excess fat from the body by suction. Small, narrow tubes with blunt tips known as the cannulae are inserted through incisions in the skin surface. The tubes are moved under the skin to target the suction of fat deposits.

There are several types of liposuction techniques:

  1. Tumescent Liposuction: In this form of liposuction, a wetting solution such as lidocaine with a local anesthetic is injected into the patient before surgery. This causes the shrinking or constriction of blood vessels due to which it allows liposuction to be performed while the patient is under local anaesthesia. Blood loss and post surgical pains are reduced.
  2. Suction Assisted Liposuction: This mode of liposuction also known as SAL is the most primary form of liposuction. It involves drawing out of fat using a vacuum.
  3. Power Assisted Liposuction: This liposuction technique called PAL in short involves the process of SAL with an extra tool for increasing the motion of the cannula. The process is faster.
  4. Ultrasound Assisted Liposuction: This process (UAL) involves the transmission of energy via a specialized hand piece for loosening and melting of fat. A greater volume of fat can be removed via UAL.
  5. VASER: It is a variation of the UAL method where an ultrasonic cannula with grooves helps in energy disruption to improve removal of fat.

Laser Assisted Liposuction:
LAL is a newly developed liposuction technology where a laser works like an ultrasound for disruption and removal of fat cells. This mode is more efficient and involves less trauma. Liposuction is an effective way to remove unwanted, genetic fat from your body, which may be harming your body image. However, liposuction is associated with severe side effects. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

2711 people found this helpful

How Obesity can Trigger Blood Pressure

Cosmetic Physician, Mumbai
How Obesity can Trigger Blood Pressure

Obesity is a disorder that leads to fat accumulation in the body. It is chronic in nature and may cause serious complications in the body. It increases the risk of various diseases in the body like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The fat tissues in the body needs nutrients and oxygen for nourishment, thus the blood vessels in the body direct blood to these tissues.

This ups the workload of the heart as it has to pump more blood, which results in excessive pressure on the walls of the artery. When the pressure on the arteries increase, it is known as high blood pressure. Being obese also hampers the ability of the body to transport blood throughout your body and so weight loss is compulsorily advised.

The causes of obesity are: 

  1. Genetics: You are likely to be affected by obesity if your family members are obese. Your genes also play a role in regulating your hormones that deal with fat in the body. It may cause a hormone called leptin that regulates your appetite to be less in the body, which in turn triggers obesity.
  2. DietIf your diet is high in simple carbohydrates like refined products and sugar-based foods then it increases the risk of obesity. Foods those are rich in simple carbohydrates cause high insulin production in the body which promotes accumulation of fat.
  3. Being inactive: You are likely to be overweight if you follow a sedentary lifestyle. This happens if you have a desk job or if you are lazy.
  4. Psychological issues: Certain psychological problems such as stress and emotional problems may cause you to binge eat which leads to weight gain.
  5. Disorders: Certain disorders like polycystic ovary syndrome (presence of cysts on the ovaries) and hypothyroidism (reduced production of the thyroid hormone).

Since obesity can significantly affect your blood pressure, you need to take steps to mitigate the damage. Apart from making various changes to your lifestyle, you can opt for various surgical procedures like ultrasonic liposuction (where sound waves are used to get rid of fat) and mesotherapy (where various medicines are injected in the adipose tissues). These are safe and non-invasive treatments that are very effective in promoting fat loss. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.

4786 people found this helpful

Lose Fat by Liposuction

Trichologist, Delhi
Lose Fat by Liposuction

Liposuction is a process of fat removal from the body through means of suction. This process involves insertion of thin, small and blunt tubes through cuts and incisions on the skin. These tubes are then used to suck out the fats from your body.

There are multiple liposuction techniques such as:

  1. Laser assisted liposuction: In this technique, low energy waves are used to melt the fat which is then removed via the tubes inserted in the body.
  2. Tumescent liposuction: This procedure initially involves administration of local anesthesia to the part of the body where the tube will be inserted. A large amount of anesthetic solution is then injected into the fat tissues in the body before embarking on the traditional liposuction procedure. General anesthesia is not required for this procedure.
  3. Ultrasound assisted liposuction: In this technique, the fat is liquefied by using ultrasound waves. Using this technique, it is easier to remove fat from the sides of the body, upper abdomen and the back.

General info: The procedure is an outpatient procedure and generally does not require an overnight stay at the hospital. Usually local anesthesia is used in this procedure unless it is large amounts of fat that need to be worked on.

What is the objective?: The main purpose of the procedure is not to reduce weight, but to reshape certain parts of your body by getting rid of the fat. It is generally preferred for areas in your body which do not respond to either exercises or diet, such as the buttocks, upper arms and the legs. In some cases, it is combined with other procedures such as face lift, breast reduction and abdominoplasty.

What does it take care of?: Certain medical conditions such as fatty tumors, complications in fat metabolism and enlargement of the male breasts are treated by liposuction. You may notice an improvement in your body shape immediately after the procedure. The skin around the area where the procedure has been performed may turn loose and it may take a few months for the area to be normal again. After the procedure, a course of antibiotics may be prescribed to treat any infection that may occur. The recovery period is around a few days to one week. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.

5351 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Can liposuction done under local anesthesia for tummy n buttocks ,is it possible to do large areas on LA. Are see any complications associated to it, may I know plz.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Karnal
liposuction is not good option lots of other best ways to reduce weight please consult privately because some questions we have to share before suggesting a right method of weight reduction
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Liposuction: Should You Say Yes To Liposuction?

I m Dr. Siddharth Prakash, I m a cosmetic plastic surgeon and I practice at Lilavati Hospital in Bandra and at my own clinic in Andheri Lokhandwala.

One of the most common cosmetic plastic surgery procedures performed worldwide and in India as well is Liposuction. But in spiteof this I have seen that most people do not have correct information about Liposuction.

Today I would like to briefly cover over the entire topic and give you accurate and up to date information. Liposuction is a procedure to remove unwanted body fat from certain problemareas of the body. Now the areas that are usually covered with liposuction include the whole of the abdomen, the sides or the love handles, the hips, the buttocks, the thighs, calfs, the back, chest, arms, neck and chin. These problem areas are prone to stubborn deposition of fat which cannot be easily removed by diet and exercise. But they can be dealt with liposuction. So liposuction while removing fats from these areas visibly improves the shape of your body. Theadd in advantage is that liposuction can be done through very tiny cuts without the need ofstitches. So the recovery process is without scars and is very quick and pain free. Liposuction should be regarded as the procedure to improve the shape of your body and not per say as weight loss procedure. So liposuction is right for all men and women who are within 30% oftheir ideal body weight. So in spite of your best efforts, if you are having trouble loosing that those certain stubborn pockets of fat then liposuction is the right procedure for you. Liposuction will give you will make you slimmer, makes you look sleeker and you will fit betterinto your clothes. The way I do it it s also cause some amount of skin tightening and give you better definition. What liposuction cannot do is help to loose large amounts of fats from allover your body so it s not like a weight loss procedure. Also if you have very loose or sagging skin then liposuction alone does not work I need to combine it with a procedure such as tummy tuck where we can remove that excess skin from the body. When you come and see me for your first consultation regarding liposuction, I need to know your desires and expectations. Ineed to see your present weight, your present shape and discuss what end reason that you arehoping for. I need to examine the fat deposition. I need to examine the muscle tone and skinquality. I ll tell you in detail about the preparations, the steps of surgery, the follow up,recovery and the results and we will discuss what we can achieve and what we cannot achieve. We will also take some pictures to plan the surgery better. Once a date is decided we do a fewblood tests to rule out any medical or surgical problems and that you are fit for surgery. On theday of surgery you come in early morning. The surgery takes about 2-3 hours. What basically involves is that I make a few tiny keyholes in hidden areas of the body and through those keyholes, we put in tumescent solution which is basically a medicine that helps to make the area numb to reduce the blood loss and to dissolve the fat. Through those same key holes we put inthin hollow cannulas and suck out the fat. Now the suction is done in a manner so as toimprove the shape of your body and give us a better sallow it. At the end of the procedure you are awake and you are up in about almost immediately. In case of a larger liposuction you needto wait overnight but in case of smaller liposuction you are good to go by evening. The way I dothe procedure has the added advantage of giving you reasonable skin tightening at the end ofthe procedure and also improves definition. You are awake and about at the end of the procedure almost immediately. Recovery is quite quick, you are on antibiotics and pain killers. Over the next few days you are back to your daily activities. You don t need to take more than3-5 days of leave depends upon the how large the liposuction has been. I will be giving you a custom made pressure garment which is like a tight waist that you wear underneath your clothes and that helps the skin to stick back faster and it gives you better shape over the next few weeks. In fact you will notice that the results keep on improving over the next few weeksand you are becoming slimmer and fit into your clothes better. The results from liposuction arelong lasting and almost permanent if you maintain your body current weight. Even if you dogain some weight then the areas that have been liposuction do not show as much redeposit ionof fat as before. Now people ask me if we combine other procedures along with liposuction. Wecan definitely do multiple areas of the body together, we can also combine something likeliposuction of the neck with other smaller facial surgeries or eyelid surgery. If you are doingliposuction of the abdomen we can combine it with tummy tuck or with breast surgeries ormale breast correction. We can also use the suction out fat to augment the areas like breast or buttocks which is called autologous fat crafting. Liposuction is very safe when done in the righthands. Small small side effects like bruising or numbness lasts only for a few days and recover very quickly. When done in the wrong hands that can be done by aesthetic complications likelumps and bumps, rippling and asymmetries but more serious side effects are very rare andonly occur when it is done by unqualified people in Eli quipped make sure you choosethe right plastic surgeon for the procedure. You have to make sure that he is fully qualified andyou should also see that he has added training or fellowship training in aesthetic plastic surgerywhich makes him fully suited to perform procedure like liposuction. He should also have lot ofexperience on the procedure so that he can do it to perfection. In fact you should also ensurethat you have good repo with your plastic surgeon. You should be able to ask him all yourquestions and he should give you an ample time and answer them satisfactorily. Your surgeonshould be available through the follow-up period and through the recovery. And he should beconfident enough to manage any small problems if they do arise. I m a both satisfied plasticsurgeon, fellowship training from Harvard university, I have done numerous aesthetic plasticsurgery cases in New York and Brazil. And I have done numerous liposuctions so I m there foryou when you need me. Make sure to always choose a reputable hospital with high standardsof quality and high standards of hygiene. It should have skilled team of anesthetic and nurses. I always operate at Lilavati Hospital in Bandra which is one of the premiere institutes in the country. People ask me about the cost of liposuction, let me assure you that it is relatively inexpensive comparable to any other minor plastic any other minor surgical procedure and if you are doing a large are of liposuction then it is comparable to any other major surgical procedure. Always make sure to choose a reputable hospital, I usually operate at Lilavatihospital because it has a skilled team of anesthetic and nurses to take care of you.

I m sure you have many more questions you are most welcome to come for a personalized consultationwhere I can discuss your own case in more detail. You can contact me via Lybrate or search meup on google. I look forward to see you in my clinic.

Thank you!
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice