There are many different skin infections that can occur on the human body. These range from staph infections, pruritus, folliculitis, cellulitis, warts, ringworm, and even acne. They can occur because of bacteria, fungi, or even a virus, due to this, the list of infections that can occur on your skin is pretty diverse. As a result, so are the various treatment options that are available for a skin infection.
Depending on the cause of the infection, the treatment options that can be presented to you range from medications, antibiotics, creams, injections, and syrups. They can all be extremely effective though sometimes, if you have a particularly stubborn infection or a very severe one, it may take a combination of all these different medications to clear it up. Since the skin is the largest organ of the body and the only one to always be on display, it’s imperative that it look healthy and clean at all times. Infected skin can be very off putting and even if your condition is not contagious, people will always assume that it is. This is why you should seek treatment for your infection as soon as it starts to appear. Whether it is a minor infection or a major one, having it out of the way is always better than having your skin itch, burn, or look red all the time.
The first step to getting anything treated is to get the diagnosis. Without this, the treatment plan will always be a shot in the dark. Your doctor will begin by examining your skin thoroughly. If the answer is not apparent from sight, a culture of your skin cells or a biopsy of your skin will be needed to see what the problem is. Sometimes, a blood test can also be quite revealing as it can indicate all the bacteria or viruses you may have floating around your system.
After the diagnosis is made, your treatment plan can be created. If your infection is caused by a bacteria, you will most likely be prescribed antibiotic medications and creams to combat it. If your infection is caused by a fungus, you will most likely be prescribed anti-fungal creams to apply topically. If your infection is caused by a virus, then you will be given the appropriate medication to stabilize the symptoms.
Your doctor or dermatologist will let you know about the specific prescription and dosage that you will need for your problems. More often than not, the medications and creams that will be prescribed to you will be available over the counter and you can replenish your stock on your own if needed. However, very strong creams and ointments often require a prescription for you to buy them. It is important to note that there are certain skin infections like eczema that do not have a specific cure. In this case, the treatment course will focus mainly on managing the symptoms and keeping them in check rather than eradicating them completely. Though this may be disheartening, sometimes even controlling the symptoms can bring about a ton of relief.
Anyone who is diagnosed with any skin infection is eligible to get the treatment.
If your skin infection is something that is referral by nature, meaning that it is mainly indicative of another underlying condition or disease, you will not be able to cure it with the help of medications meant for skin infections.
As is the case with most medication, there are certain side effects that you should be vary of. If you have been prescribed antibiotics, you may develop a mild fever as a reaction to the medication. This is completely normal as antibiotics do tend to raise the temperature of the body a little bit. Furthermore, if you are allergic to specific ingredients that are used in medicine or as medicine, such as penicillin (which is quite common in most pain relief drugs), you should mention it to your doctor as you may end up developing an allergy.
The post treatment guidelines normally depend on the infection that you have. In some cases, you may have to make certain changes in your diet or lifestyle to prevent the infection from coming back. In other cases, you may have to add an extra product or two to your daily hygiene or skin care regimen to continue to take care of it and make it look healthy.
Depending on the severity of the infection, it can take anywhere between 5-10 days for it to clear up completely.
Ointments range in prices from Rs 50 – Rs 200, depending on the brand of the cream and the type of cream that you are using. The price also depends on the size of the tubing and the strength of the dosage that has been prescribed to you. Oral medications also cost anywhere between Rs 50 – Rs 100 for a single leaf.
The results of treating most skin infections are permanent. However, when it comes to infections that do not have a cure, such as eczema, there is no such thing as a permanent treatment or permanent results.
For minor skin infections, there are certain home remedies or herbal remedies that one can use instead of using medications. For instance, if you have acne prone skin, you can use a face mask made of turmeric and honey. Turmeric has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that help get rid of pimples while the honey lightens the scars they leave behind. Similarly, a scub with oats, yoghurt, and honey also helps for the same problem. Using a cold compress to temporarily relieve yourself of any inflammation caused by an infection or extreme itching can also help. Certain types of essential oils that have anti-inflammatory properties can also be used to massage onto your skin to relieve yourself of the symptoms. Lavender oil, lemon oil, and clove oil are good options to consider.
Your skin is the largest and most sensitive organ of your body. Funguses that live in the human body especially armpits, groin area, nails, and feet, cause fungal skin infections. Weak immunity is the leading cause, with over 300 million people fighting fungal infections globally, every year.
Some of the common types of fungal skin infections are-
• Athlete’s foot- Also known as Tenia pedis, Athlete’s foot occurs when the tenia fungus begins to grow on your feet. It is most commonly associated with athletes because it grows in warm and moist climates such as in socks, near swimming pools and in locker rooms.
Symptoms of athlete’s foot –
Treatment includes applying of topical antifungal ointments such as terbinafine while, severe cases may require oral medication.
• Ringworm – Ringworm is a highly contagious skin infection and is spread by person-to-person or pet to person contact. The fungus can also spread through infected towel, clothes, and mud.
Symptoms of Ringworm –
Treatment of the infection includes medicines like miconazole.
• Jock ‘s itch- Also known as Tinea Cruris, these fungi thrive in moist and warm areas of the body such as the groin, inner thighs and buttocks.
Symptoms of Jock’s itch –
Treatment includes prescribed medication and maintaining personal hygiene.
Prevention is better than cure when it comes to fungal infections. Visit a doctor at the first signs of infection. A medical exam is the best way to detect the cause of a skin infection.
Mucormycosis is a kind of fungal infection that falls under the category of mucorale family. Although rare, mucormycosis is a very serious condition. It occurs when the immune system has become weak as a result of a health condition or illness. Mucormycosis can prove to be fatal if left untreated.
Mucormycosis can arise on any part of the body. It initially appears at the site of injury or trauma on the skin and then spreads quickly to other places. Initial symptoms that indicate the possibility of mucormycosis include-
Mucormycosis and Pediatrics
Mucormycosis is one of the most common fungal infections to occur in children. Pediatric mucormycosis affects children already suffering from malignancies such as pulmonary, paranasal sinus, or disseminated disorders and is extremely lethal. A combination of surgery and active anti-fungal therapy provides a better outcome.
Usually, children suffering from mucormycosis do not realize it because the symptoms associated with it are also similar to many other disorders or illnesses. However, it is recommended that you take your child to visit a doctor if you suspect an infection.
The condition is diagnosed with the help of a nasal discharge or phlegm sample if you are suffering from a sinus infection. In case the infection has come about due to a skin infection, your health care provider might clean the area that is in question.
Treatment of Mucormycosis
Facial demodicosis is not a condition in itself-it is more like a preceding cause of a skin problem. Demodicosis occurs due to tiny mites, called demodex, living in the follicles, especially on the anterior ear canals, eyelashes, around the nose, cheeks and foreheads.
Primarily, two types of mites are responsible for a range of skin diseases: Demodex brevis and Demodex folliculorum. D. brevis lives in the sebum (oil) glands that are attached to tiny hair follicles, and get their sustenance from the oil glands whereas D. folliculorum is mostly found in the eyelashes. Adults and children above 5 years of age are commonly affected by demodex mites.
Signs & Symptoms
If you have facial demodicosis, you may display the following symptoms:
The demodex mites can only survive in hair follicles. So the main treatment is to stop their proliferation. For this, your doctor will use a scrub to remove dead cells from the lashes, and then spread macadamia nut oil or tea tree oil to destroy any egg. Alternatively, rubbing alcohol, baby shampoo or mercury oxide ointment may be used. Using mild shampoos, cleansing face with non-soap cleanser, avoiding greasy makeup and exfoliation are some home prevention strategies for facial demodicosis.
Your skin is constantly exposed to harsh environmental factors. Over a course of time, the pollution and with the harmful effects of the UV rays of the sun can wreak havoc on the skin.
To combat such skin problems, several skin treatments are available. One such treatment option is microdermabrasion which helps in eliminating skin damages ranging from fine lines and wrinkles to acne scars to unwanted pigmentation.
Microdermabrasion is a common non-chemical and non-invasive treatment in which microcrystals are sprayed for removal of the outermost layer of dry and dead skin cells. The procedure aids in the production of the underlying layer of the skin cells with high levels of elastin and collagen so that the overall appearance of the skin is improved. Thus, your skin looks brighter and younger, brimming with health.
Skin problems that can be treated with Microdermabrasion
Microdermabrasion can effectively treat the following skin conditions
Also, the treatment is suggested for patients with acne or rosacea as the gentle spraying of microcrystals can help in dealing with the skin imperfections effectively. This is primarily achieved by removing the upper layer of the skin to allow the new and damage-free skin to manifest itself.
The process of microdermabrasion
During the microdermabrasion process, the expert dermatologist directs a fine stream of tiny aluminum oxide crystals with the help of a handpiece placed against the facial skin. The function of these crystals is to exfoliate the skin while the mild suction brought about by the microdermabrasion helps in removal of the crystals along with the debris of the skin.
How many sessions are required?
Numerous sessions of microdermabrasion may be required for the production of thicker and healthier layers of the skin with high levels of collagen as well as elastin. Both these crucial components of the skin are necessary for bringing out the healthy skin. One may need around 5 to 12 sessions of the treatment spaced at two or three weeks intervals in order to get the desired results.
Is it painful?
Microdermabrasion is a virtually painless procedure and takes only between 30 minutes or an hour an hour for each session which makes it one of the most convenient skin treatments.
Post-treatment care tips
After the treatment, the newly emerging layer of skin is typically more sensitive.
Thus, if you are looking for an effective treatment to address skin problems due to pollution and aging, Microdermabrasion can be considered. With this treatment, it becomes effortless to reveal the younger-looking fresh skin that you have been longing for.
Are you noticing brown, scaly patches developing on your skin? Do you feel an itching sensation in the affected areas? These symptoms may indicate Erythrasma, a skin disease caused by the Gram-positive bacterium called Corynebacterium minutissimum. This type of skin disease is more common among diabetic patients and people suffering from obesity. This condition is likely to affect people living in warm climates. The border of an erythrasma infected area is very well defined. A sharp, contrasting border is present between the erythrasma affected area and the normal skin. The infection is most likely to develop in the folds of skin such as in the groin and inner thigh region, under the arms, in the crevice of buttocks, in the folds under breasts and also in between toes.
The common symptoms of erythrasma are as follows:
By closely observing the affected area, erythrasma can be detected or diagnosed by any physician. In some cases, a Wood’s lamp may be utilized. This device emits UV light on the skin, helping the doctor to examine the skin condition. Some areas are scraped with a tiny blade by the doctor to collect samples. These samples are then tested in the laboratory for a detailed diagnosis.
In adults, erythrasma can be cured by applying several methods and techniques. Some of them are listed below:
The medicines aim at eliminating the infection and preventing the recurrence or development of more complications. Antibacterial products help in eliminating the bacteria.
Photodynamic therapyusing red light can also be used to cure erythrasma. This therapy also treats rashes.
For the prevention of erythrasma, you should:
With proper treatment, erythrasma can be totally cured. It is recommended that you visit a doctor for the best diagnosis and for knowing about the most effective treatment methods.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!