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Skin Infections: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

There are many different skin infections that can occur on the human body. These range from staph infections, pruritus, folliculitis, cellulitis, warts, ringworm, and even acne. They can occur because of bacteria, fungi, or even a virus, due to this, the list of infections that can occur on your skin is pretty diverse. As a result, so are the various treatment options that are available for a skin infection.

Depending on the cause of the infection, the treatment options that can be presented to you range from medications, antibiotics, creams, injections, and syrups. They can all be extremely effective though sometimes, if you have a particularly stubborn infection or a very severe one, it may take a combination of all these different medications to clear it up. Since the skin is the largest organ of the body and the only one to always be on display, it’s imperative that it look healthy and clean at all times. Infected skin can be very off putting and even if your condition is not contagious, people will always assume that it is. This is why you should seek treatment for your infection as soon as it starts to appear. Whether it is a minor infection or a major one, having it out of the way is always better than having your skin itch, burn, or look red all the time.

How is the treatment done?

The first step to getting anything treated is to get the diagnosis. Without this, the treatment plan will always be a shot in the dark. Your doctor will begin by examining your skin thoroughly. If the answer is not apparent from sight, a culture of your skin cells or a biopsy of your skin will be needed to see what the problem is. Sometimes, a blood test can also be quite revealing as it can indicate all the bacteria or viruses you may have floating around your system.

After the diagnosis is made, your treatment plan can be created. If your infection is caused by a bacteria, you will most likely be prescribed antibiotic medications and creams to combat it. If your infection is caused by a fungus, you will most likely be prescribed anti-fungal creams to apply topically. If your infection is caused by a virus, then you will be given the appropriate medication to stabilize the symptoms.

Your doctor or dermatologist will let you know about the specific prescription and dosage that you will need for your problems. More often than not, the medications and creams that will be prescribed to you will be available over the counter and you can replenish your stock on your own if needed. However, very strong creams and ointments often require a prescription for you to buy them. It is important to note that there are certain skin infections like eczema that do not have a specific cure. In this case, the treatment course will focus mainly on managing the symptoms and keeping them in check rather than eradicating them completely. Though this may be disheartening, sometimes even controlling the symptoms can bring about a ton of relief.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Anyone who is diagnosed with any skin infection is eligible to get the treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If your skin infection is something that is referral by nature, meaning that it is mainly indicative of another underlying condition or disease, you will not be able to cure it with the help of medications meant for skin infections.

Are there any side effects?

As is the case with most medication, there are certain side effects that you should be vary of. If you have been prescribed antibiotics, you may develop a mild fever as a reaction to the medication. This is completely normal as antibiotics do tend to raise the temperature of the body a little bit. Furthermore, if you are allergic to specific ingredients that are used in medicine or as medicine, such as penicillin (which is quite common in most pain relief drugs), you should mention it to your doctor as you may end up developing an allergy.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines normally depend on the infection that you have. In some cases, you may have to make certain changes in your diet or lifestyle to prevent the infection from coming back. In other cases, you may have to add an extra product or two to your daily hygiene or skin care regimen to continue to take care of it and make it look healthy.

How long does it take to recover?

Depending on the severity of the infection, it can take anywhere between 5-10 days for it to clear up completely.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Ointments range in prices from Rs 50 – Rs 200, depending on the brand of the cream and the type of cream that you are using. The price also depends on the size of the tubing and the strength of the dosage that has been prescribed to you. Oral medications also cost anywhere between Rs 50 – Rs 100 for a single leaf.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of treating most skin infections are permanent. However, when it comes to infections that do not have a cure, such as eczema, there is no such thing as a permanent treatment or permanent results.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

For minor skin infections, there are certain home remedies or herbal remedies that one can use instead of using medications. For instance, if you have acne prone skin, you can use a face mask made of turmeric and honey. Turmeric has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that help get rid of pimples while the honey lightens the scars they leave behind. Similarly, a scub with oats, yoghurt, and honey also helps for the same problem. Using a cold compress to temporarily relieve yourself of any inflammation caused by an infection or extreme itching can also help. Certain types of essential oils that have anti-inflammatory properties can also be used to massage onto your skin to relieve yourself of the symptoms. Lavender oil, lemon oil, and clove oil are good options to consider.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: High Price Range: Rs. 50 - Rs. 200

Popular Health Tips

Fungal Infection Of Skin And Its Treatment!

MD , MBBS
Dermatologist, Jaipur
Fungal Infection Of Skin And Its Treatment!

Your skin is the largest and most sensitive organ of your body. Funguses that live in the human body especially armpits, groin area, nails, and feet, cause fungal skin infections. Weak immunity is the leading cause, with over 300 million people fighting fungal infections globally, every year.

Some of the common types of fungal skin infections are-

• Athlete’s foot- Also known as Tenia pedis, Athlete’s foot occurs when the tenia fungus begins to grow on your feet. It is most commonly associated with athletes because it grows in warm and moist climates such as in socks, near swimming pools and in locker rooms.

Symptoms of athlete’s foot –

  1. Infected area becomes soft and layers of skin begin to peel off
  2. Redness, blisters, and cracking of skin

Treatment includes applying of topical antifungal ointments such as terbinafine while, severe cases may require oral medication.

• Ringworm – Ringworm is a highly contagious skin infection and is spread by person-to-person or pet to person contact. The fungus can also spread through infected towel, clothes, and mud.

Symptoms of Ringworm –

  1. Red itchy patches on the skin which develop into raised ring like bumps
  2. Formation of scales on the patches

Treatment of the infection includes medicines like miconazole.

• Jock ‘s itch- Also known as Tinea Cruris, these fungi thrive in moist and warm areas of the body such as the groin, inner thighs and buttocks.

Symptoms of Jock’s itch –

  1. Itchy red circular rashes over the body and burning
  2. Chafing and peeling of the infected area

Treatment includes prescribed medication and maintaining personal hygiene.

Prevention is better than cure when it comes to fungal infections. Visit a doctor at the first signs of infection. A medical exam is the best way to detect the cause of a skin infection.

4704 people found this helpful

Mucormycosis - Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment!

Fellowship- IPNA(Pediatric Nephrologist), Fellowship- ISPN, Diploma In Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Delhi
Mucormycosis - Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment!

Mucormycosis is a kind of fungal infection that falls under the category of mucorale family. Although rare, mucormycosis is a very serious condition. It occurs when the immune system has become weak as a result of a health condition or illness. Mucormycosis can prove to be fatal if left untreated.

Symptoms
Mucormycosis can arise on any part of the body. It initially appears at the site of injury or trauma on the skin and then spreads quickly to other places. Initial symptoms that indicate the possibility of mucormycosis include-

Fever
• A cough
• A headache
• Sinus Pain
Nasal congestion
• Skin tissues that have become black
• Blisters
Swelling
• Ulcers
• Tenderness

Mucormycosis and Pediatrics
Mucormycosis is one of the most common fungal infections to occur in children. Pediatric mucormycosis affects children already suffering from malignancies such as pulmonary, paranasal sinus, or disseminated disorders and is extremely lethal. A combination of surgery and active anti-fungal therapy provides a better outcome.

Diagnosis
Usually, children suffering from mucormycosis do not realize it because the symptoms associated with it are also similar to many other disorders or illnesses. However, it is recommended that you take your child to visit a doctor if you suspect an infection.

The condition is diagnosed with the help of a nasal discharge or phlegm sample if you are suffering from a sinus infection. In case the infection has come about due to a skin infection, your health care provider might clean the area that is in question.

Treatment of Mucormycosis

  • One of the first steps to treating mucormycosis is receiving anti-fungal infections through IV or intravenous. The next step that follows is surgical debridement which involves cutting away of the infected tissue. Removing away the infected part by cutting it away from the body prevents the chances of the infection from spreading to the other body parts.
  • If the response rate of the patient is fairly well to intravenous and tissue removal method, the doctor will move onto the stage of oral medications in place of IV.
  • As mucormycosis is not contagious, it is not likely to get passed onto from an already infected person. Therefore, this matter self-care measures are the only way to evade an infection. If your child has weak immunity, for example, ensure that he/she wears a mask while doing any activity that involves dust and inhaling any outside air that might be polluted. Taking precautions during any change of season is also recommended.
2779 people found this helpful

Facial Demodicidosis - Signs You Just Cannot Ignore!

MD, Ex Sr Dermatologist AIIMS New Delhi
Dermatologist, Delhi
Facial Demodicidosis - Signs You Just Cannot Ignore!

Facial demodicosis is not a condition in itself-it is more like a preceding cause of a skin problem. Demodicosis occurs due to tiny mites, called demodex, living in the follicles, especially on the anterior ear canals, eyelashes, around the nose, cheeks and foreheads.

Primarily, two types of mites are responsible for a range of skin diseases: Demodex brevis and Demodex folliculorum. D. brevis lives in the sebum (oil) glands that are attached to tiny hair follicles, and get their sustenance from the oil glands whereas D. folliculorum is mostly found in the eyelashes. Adults and children above 5 years of age are commonly affected by demodex mites.

Signs & Symptoms 
If you have facial demodicosis, you may display the following symptoms:

  • Itching and irritation in the eye.
  • Eyelid dermatitis (The skin over the eyelid scales over).
  • Thickening of lid.
  • Lack of lashes.
  • Conjunctival inflammation (conjunctivitis).
  • Decreased vision.
  • Usually, certain diseases can be caused by these microscopic mites. Some common examples of skin diseases include:
  • Rosacea (Skin condition characterized by redness and pus-filled bumps)
  • Perioral dermatitis (Skin inflammation around the mouth)
  • Blepharitis (Eyelid inflammation)

Treatment
The demodex mites can only survive in hair follicles. So the main treatment is to stop their proliferation. For this, your doctor will use a scrub to remove dead cells from the lashes, and then spread macadamia nut oil or tea tree oil to destroy any egg. Alternatively, rubbing alcohol, baby shampoo or mercury oxide ointment may be used. Using mild shampoos, cleansing face with non-soap cleanser, avoiding greasy makeup and exfoliation are some home prevention strategies for facial demodicosis.

2753 people found this helpful

Microdermabrasion - How It Helps In Maintaining The Right Skin Tone

MBBS, MD
Dermatologist, Noida
Microdermabrasion - How It Helps In Maintaining The Right Skin Tone

Your skin is constantly exposed to harsh environmental factors. Over a course of time, the pollution and with the harmful effects of the UV rays of the sun can wreak havoc on the skin.

To combat such skin problems, several skin treatments are available. One such treatment option is microdermabrasion which helps in eliminating skin damages ranging from fine lines and wrinkles to acne scars to unwanted pigmentation.

Understanding microdermabrasion
Microdermabrasion is a common non-chemical and non-invasive treatment in which microcrystals are sprayed for removal of the outermost layer of dry and dead skin cells. The procedure aids in the production of the underlying layer of the skin cells with high levels of elastin and collagen so that the overall appearance of the skin is improved. Thus, your skin looks brighter and younger, brimming with health.
Skin problems that can be treated with Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion can effectively treat the following skin conditions

  1. Fine lines and wrinkles in the facial area
  2. Age Spots
  3. Sun damage
  4. Uneven pigmentation
  5. Issues with skin texture
  6. Minor scars

Also, the treatment is suggested for patients with acne or rosacea as the gentle spraying of microcrystals can help in dealing with the skin imperfections effectively. This is primarily achieved by removing the upper layer of the skin to allow the new and damage-free skin to manifest itself.

The process of microdermabrasion
During the microdermabrasion process, the expert dermatologist directs a fine stream of tiny aluminum oxide crystals with the help of a handpiece placed against the facial skin. The function of these crystals is to exfoliate the skin while the mild suction brought about by the microdermabrasion helps in removal of the crystals along with the debris of the skin.

How many sessions are required?
Numerous sessions of microdermabrasion may be required for the production of thicker and healthier layers of the skin with high levels of collagen as well as elastin. Both these crucial components of the skin are necessary for bringing out the healthy skin. One may need around 5 to 12 sessions of the treatment spaced at two or three weeks intervals in order to get the desired results.

Is it painful?
Microdermabrasion is a virtually painless procedure and takes only between 30 minutes or an hour an hour for each session which makes it one of the most convenient skin treatments.

Post-treatment care tips
After the treatment, the newly emerging layer of skin is typically more sensitive. 

  • Use sunscreen to protect from the sun.
  • Apply moisturizer

Thus, if you are looking for an effective treatment to address skin problems due to pollution and aging, Microdermabrasion can be considered. With this treatment, it becomes effortless to reveal the younger-looking fresh skin that you have been longing for.

4173 people found this helpful

Erythrasma in Adults - How It Can Be Treated?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Ghaziabad
Erythrasma in Adults - How It Can Be Treated?

Are you noticing brown, scaly patches developing on your skin? Do you feel an itching sensation in the affected areas? These symptoms may indicate Erythrasma, a skin disease caused by the Gram-positive bacterium called Corynebacterium minutissimum. This type of skin disease is more common among diabetic patients and people suffering from obesity. This condition is likely to affect people living in warm climates. The border of an erythrasma infected area is very well defined. A sharp, contrasting border is present between the erythrasma affected area and the normal skin. The infection is most likely to develop in the folds of skin such as in the groin and inner thigh region, under the arms, in the crevice of buttocks, in the folds under breasts and also in between toes.

Symptoms
The common symptoms of erythrasma are as follows:

  1. The skin becomes dry and pink.
  2. Reddish brown scaly patches develop.
  3. Headaches, weight gain and fatigue are likely.
  4. Abdominal, chest and joint pain may accompany a urinary tract pain.

Treatment
By closely observing the affected area, erythrasma can be detected or diagnosed by any physician. In some cases, a Wood’s lamp may be utilized. This device emits UV light on the skin, helping the doctor to examine the skin condition. Some areas are scraped with a tiny blade by the doctor to collect samples. These samples are then tested in the laboratory for a detailed diagnosis.

In adults, erythrasma can be cured by applying several methods and techniques. Some of them are listed below:

  1. Scrub the patches on your skin using an anti-bacterial soap. This willreduce the infection and help in curing the rash.
  2. Use gels and oral medication,as prescribed by yourdoctor.
  3. Apply topical antibiotic lotions to the affected area for quick and efficient healing.
  4. Use a solution of aluminum chloride, which will helpin the inhibition of moisture and sweat.
  5. A special ointment made of benzoic acidand salicylic acid is effective.
  6. Use of certain oral antibiotics are also considered efficacious.

The medicines aim at eliminating the infection and preventing the recurrence or development of more complications. Antibacterial products help in eliminating the bacteria.
Photodynamic therapyusing red light can also be used to cure erythrasma. This therapy also treats rashes.

Prevention
For the prevention of erythrasma, you should:

  1. Maintain proper weight and proper hygiene
  2. Avoid excessive heat and moisture
  3. Use antibacterial soaps
  4. Use erythromycin gel
  5. Use antibiotics when the infection is severe

With proper treatment, erythrasma can be totally cured. It is recommended that you visit a doctor for the best diagnosis and for knowing about the most effective treatment methods.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2882 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am pravasini rout from odisha I have suffering from last 5 years skin problem my skin typ oily I used many thinks but it didn't work. Pimples odd even skin tone ND dark spot z my problem please suggest any remedies that can helpful to me.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Jaipur
Hello For oily skin start using glycolic acid facewash. Do not use any cold cream. For medical treatment I need to see your acne picture. Please go for online consultation for proper treatment.

My problem is that when I wash my face with any facewash. Face becomes red and rashes, pimples clearly seen in my face after facewash. I think my skin is extreme dry sensitive. So what I do to improve my skin and get out of this problem of my skin.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
The treatment of acne differs according to the grade of involvement. Some people have more oilyness on the face which results in breakouts. After completing treatment for controlling the active breakouts, tablets can be stopped and creams need to be continued to prevent recurrence. Diet and lifestyle modifications are also important. Please don't do any self treatment such as over the counter Steroid creams. Don't burst the pimples with your fingers as it can result in ugly scars. The marks and pores left behind after the pimples heal can also be treated. Please send your photos through online consult option for detailed prescription and diet advice.
1 person found this helpful

I have a friend who is having skin infection around his genital area and also in the chick. He needs medication at its earliest as problem of itching is continuing rapidly. Please describe any lotion or ointment or any home made techniques that will help overcome the issue.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
You may be suffering from tinea cruris which is fungal infection of the inner thighs, groin and buttocks area. It is also called jock itch. It can be treated by taking four to six weeks of anti fungal treatment which includes tablets along with creams. Do not use soap over that area. Mistreatment with over the counter Steroid containing creams like fourderm, panderm, quadriderm, dermi5, betnovate, dermikem OC, candid b etc lead to repeated case of recurrence and also side effects due to application. Do not use steroid containing combination creams. Please contact me using online consult option with photos for detailed prescription. Do not delay treatment as it may spread further on your body and also to other people living in the household.
1 person found this helpful

I am having pimples problem on my skin. And I want to remove it permanently. There is lots of mark on my face. I want my skin bouncy and baby type skin. What should I do for it.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma in Dermatology and Venereology
Dermatologist, Pune
Pimples are arising due to many causes, bacterialinfection, hormonal changes, stress.Use good gentle cleaner Cetaphil. Clindac A gel for spots. Its a patience game.

I have PCOS nearly from 5 months I don't now what to do by using tablets I'm getting skin infection. Please give suggestion.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Bhubaneswar
Start taking balanced diet with sufficient green leafy vegetables pulses fibre salad lemon fruits daily. Drink plenty of water. Minimise oily spicy food. Take vitamin E supplements daily. Increase your physical activity like morning walk zimming.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Aging Skin Problems
Some women look at least a decade younger than the age mentioned on their passports. For most of these women, this is the result of anti-aging creams and serums. There are dozens of anti-aging products available today. The tough part is finding the right product for you.
Play video
Winter Skin Problems
Ensure that what you use to wash your face isn t ridding your skin of natural oils in the winters. While foaming cleansers are great for the summers and help deal with sweat, in winters they can dry out your skin. Instead, switch to a cream based face wash that moisturizes the skin while cleaning it.
Play video
Skin Treatment
There are a number of skin care treatments available today, which help individuals rejuvenate their skin to a great extent. Skin problems and aging have become quite common because of the hectic lifestyles we lead, genes and other environmental conditions
Play video
Skin And Hair Related Problems
Few common skin and hair related problems include Psoriasis , atopic dermatitis , acne , pigmentation , hair loss and so on. There are various causes behind the same and most of them have treatment options available too.
Play video
Know More About Common Skin Problems
Few common skin problems include heat rashes, ringworm, chicken pox, rashes, eczema, contact dermatitis. There are ways one can avoid such skin diseases with few simple precautions.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice