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Skin Care - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

Last Updated: Mar 25, 2020

Why is skin care important?

Skin directly affect the overall health of the person as it is the largest organ of the human body. One’s look depends on how they keep their skin. Taking skincare is important as it is the first layer to fight against any of the diseases and infections. If your skin is dry and irritated then it can be prone to infections. Therefore, you must keep it moisturised gentle.

What is the best skin care routine?

  1. You must always keep your skin clean.
  2. Make sure to wash your face at least twice a day using a mild cleanser.
  3. Remember to apply alcohol free toner after cleansing if you have oily skin.
  4. Do not forget to apply moisturizer if you have dry skin.
  5. Scrub on a regular basis to remove dead skin cells.

Remember to examine your own skin type, abnormalities and changes on a regular basis. It is advised to protect your skin from sun damage as it may lead to burn the skin which may lead to wrinkles and may also lead to skin cancer.

A. Daily Skin Care Routine For Normal Skin

If you are having a normal skin type, a simple CTM (Cleaner, Toner, moisturizer) routine can work as a magic for you. To keep your skin glowing, follow these simple steps:

MORNING:

  • Cleaning:

    You must clean your skin with a sulfate-free cleanser as it does not make your skin dry. It may remove excess oil and dirt that may have settled on your skin.

  • Toning:

    Use toner with natural ingredients in it such as, rosewater. Do not use toners with alcohol in it as it may dehydrate your skin and may cause dryness.

  • Moisturizing:

    Keeping your skin moisturised will keep your skin hydrated and will also give protection from the sun. You must use moisturizer that contains SPF 25+. It is advised you to apply the product that is especially formulated for the face.

NIGHT:

  • Cleaner:

    Use the same cleaner which you apply in the morning.

  • Toner:

    Use the same toner you used in the morning.

  • Serum:

    You must apply antioxidant serum. It helps in keeping your skin nourished. They contain ingredients such as algae extract and vitamin C which helps in promoting healthy cells. It is also advised to buy the serums which contain rosemary and peppermint.

What extra you can provide to your skin?

Use Glycolic acid: This acid is very gentle on your skin helps in removing the dead cells, so that your skin may look cleaner and brighter.

B. Daily Skin Care Routine For Oily Skin

Oily skin needs more care than dry skin because of larger oil glands. But, the plus point of oily skin is that this type of skin is not prone to premature ageing.

MORNING:

  • Cleaner:

    You must use a cleansing face wash regularly, but, remember to use a oil-free cleansing foams for this skin type. You must use sulfate free products as it will control oiliness and will also save your skin from being dry.

  • Toner:

    Use toner which contains sodium PCA, witch hazel and geranium. These astringent ingredients help in cleaning your skin and clears your pores without damaging your skin. The toner should be alcohol free as it may make your skin dry and dehydrated.

  • Moisturizer:

    Opt for oil-free moisturizers. Non-comedogenic lotions are good for oily skin type as it keeps the skin hydrated. If your skin is extremely oily, then you must buy a good hydrating gel.

  • SPF:

    You must use a sunscreen with zinc oxide as it will help in preventing breakouts. Do not slather if you have oily skin, a little amount will be sufficient.

NIGHT:

  • Cleaner:

    Use the same cleaner which you apply in the morning.

  • Toner:

    Use the same toner you used in the morning.

  • Serum:

    For large pores, Alpha-hydroxy acids and beta-hydroxy acids will help refining it. This will also brighten your skin by fading dark spots. If you are the one who have lots of pimples, you must look for the serum.

  • Retinol cream:

    Use this cream on a regular basis. It will help clearing the acne, erases dark spots and smoothes skin.

What extra you can provide to your skin?

You must use clay masks and face oils to smoothen your skin.

C. Daily Skin Care Routine For Dry Skin

Taking care for dry skin is not a tough task. All you need is to keep your skin hydrated.

MORNING:

  • Cleaner:

    You must use a mild cleanser to wash your face which does not lather or foam. They are gentle and takes out dirt without consuming the moisture of the skin.

  • Toner:

    You must buy the toner which contains extremely mild ingredients like cucumber and aloe vera. They will help in cleaning your face and will keep it hydrated.

  • Antioxidant serum:

    You are advised to use antioxidant serum as it helps in curbing collagen breakdown.

  • SPF moisturizer:

    You must use a hydrated moisturizer with not less than SPF 15.

NIGHT:

  • Cleaner:

    Use the same cleaner which you apply in the morning.

  • Toner:

    Use the same toner you used in the morning.

  • Serum:

    Use retinol serum as it will remove dead skin cells and will penetrate your skin. Applying serum will also help in preventing the formation of fine lines.

  • Eye cream:

    Dry skin causes fine lines and aging at an early age. You must use eye cream to make your skin look healthy for a long time. It contains peptide which boosts collagen activity and improves skin cell turnover.

  • Moisturizer:

    You need to buy a night cream with a high hydrating value. You must buy the moisturizers that contains sweet almond oil, jojoba oil, primrose oil, borage oil and others as they act like the natural lipids.

What extra you can provide to your skin?

You must use peel off masks and face oils 2 to 3 times in a week as they will help in removing the dead skin and brighten your face.

D. Daily Skin Care Routine For Combination Skin

Combination skin is a mixture of dry and oily skin. You need to find a good solution to fight with this type of skin.

MORNING:

  • Cleaner:

    Follow the instructions provided to oily skin type. If this causes too much dryness. Switch to cleansing lotion that does not lather.

  • Toner:

    Follow the instructions provided to oily skin type.

  • Moisturizer:

    Buy a lightweight mattifying moisturizer, it will help in controlling oiling and will keep your skin hydrated.

  • SPF:

    Follow the instructions provided to oily skin type.

NIGHT:

  • Cleaner:

    Use the same cleaner which you apply in the morning.

  • Toner:

    Use the same toner you used in the morning.

  • Serum:

    Apply retinol serum as it will exfoliate your skin and prevent the formation of lines at an early age.

  • Moisturizer:

    Use the same moisturizer you uses in the morning.

What extra you can provide to your skin?

You should apply mask and face oil to keep your skin soft and moist.

E. Daily Skin Care Routine For Sensitive Skin

You must use products that are gentle on your skin like hypoallergenic products. They do not cause any kind of irritation.

MORNING:

  • Cleanser:

    Apply cleaning lotion that does not lather while you wash your face. It will help in removing the dirt without irritating your skin.

  • Toner:

    Use alcohol free toner. It is advised to buy that contains green tea, white tea, beta glucan and others.

  • Moisturizer:

    Use moisturizers which is needed for a sensitive skin. This will help you to keep your skin hydrated.

  • SPF:

    Follow the instructions provided to oily skin type.

NIGHT:

  • Cleaner:

    Apply the same cleaner which you apply in the morning.

  • Toner:

    Apply the same toner you used in the morning.

  • Moisturise:

    Apply the same moisturizer you used in the morning.

What extra you can provide to your skin?

Apply gel mask and lactic acid serum to exfoliate the skin and soothe your skin.

F. Daily Skin Care Routine For Aging Skin

You need to take care for ageing skin same as you need to do for dry skin because dry skin is prone to premature aging.

MORNING:

  • Cleanser:

    It is suggested to follow the instructions provided to dry skin. While you are treating aging skin, it is advised to apply the treatments to your neck.

  • Toner:

    Follow the instructions provided to dry skin.

  • Serum:

    You must apply antioxidant serum to keep your skin healthy.

  • Moisturise:

    Follow the instructions provided to dry skin.

NIGHT:

  • Cleanse:

    Follow the instructions provided to dry skin.

  • Exfoliate:

    Use a scrub that contains round beads. These works best on aging skin.

  • Toner:

    Follow the instructions provided to dry skin.

  • Serum:

    Follow the instructions provided to dry skin.

  • Moisturise:

    Follow the instructions provided to dry skin.

What extra you can provide to your skin:

You must use peel off masks, face oil and brightening serum which will help you look brighter and fresh.

What are the side effects of skin care treatment?

Side effects of skincare treatments can include allergic reactions, redness of the skin, and swelling of the skin, itchiness, or slight skin rashes. Some individuals also face pain and discomfort. But these side effects are only temporary and soon disappear.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Recovery from skincare procedures today is very fast. But some precautions should be taken post the treatment. One should wear sunscreen to avoid sun damage at all times. Make sure to cleanse and moisturize the skin regularly. This will help the skin to retain its smoothness and glow. Scrubbing should be avoided.

What is the cost of skin care treatment in India?

Depending on the kind of treatment one is opting for, the price ranges from Rs 3000 to Rs 70,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Most skin care treatments have long-term effects and benefits, but they are not necessarily permanent.

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What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Alternative skin care treatments include natural methods which keep the skin healthy. This involves a healthy diet and regular exercise as well as adopting natural means of exfoliation. Drinking plenty of water also keeps the skin healthy and hydrated.

What is the best diet for healthy and glowing Skin?

Excessive exposure to the sun, work pressure, lack of sleep are few things that affect your skin. There are plenty of skin products that might keep your skin hydrated but if you are not taking a healthy diet, then nothing can make you get glowing and nourished skin. You must have a healthy breakfast, lunch and dinner to keep your skin healthy. Make sure your diet contains fruits and vegetables in a large quantity. Include at least 2 to 3 foods which are rich in omega 3 fatty acids.It would be very good if you start your day with a glass of warm water.

Best food for skin glow:

Here we have provided a list of a few foods which you must consume on a daily basis to get a perfect, hydrated and glowing skin.

  1. Watnuts
  2. Fatty fish
  3. Avocados
  4. Sweet potatoes
  5. Sunflower seeds
  6. Broccoli
  7. Tomatoes
  8. Soy
  9. Dark chocolate
  10. Red wine
  11. Green tea

Foods to avoid:

Below we have provided you the list of foods that harms your skin:

  1. Street food
  2. Coffee
  3. Alcohol
  4. Chips
  5. Sweet
  6. Maggi
  7. Cold drinks
  8. Oily foods

Key highlights about skin care treatment:

  • Safety: Medium
  • Effectiveness: High
  • Timeliness: High
  • Relative Risk: Medium
  • Side Effects: Medium
  • Recovery Time: Low
  • Price Range: Rs. 3000 - Rs. 70,000

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Written ByDr. Ganesh Avhad MD, DNB, FIDP, FILDermatology
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