Warts are a growth on the skin that is caused by Human Papillomavirus . Usually, it occurs on broken skin as the virus can easily enter through the top layer of the skin. As a result of the infection, the skin top layer experiences rapid growth resulting in what is called a wart. In most of the cases, warts subside by themselves in a few months or years.
Warts may grow on any part of your body and they can grow bigger and are prone to spread to other parts of the body as well. The human immune system is quite powerful to destroy the papillomavirus which leads to the formation of warts. But they come back after a year or two, demanding for treatment.
All parts of the body are susceptible to warts and they are of different kinds too. Common warts are usually found on hands but may occur in other parts of the body too. The feet soles are the location for plantar warts, another common type of wart.
Even though warts are normally harmless, they can be painful and irritable. Also, it is very irritating as warts grow bigger and start spreading to other parts of the body.
They are small and may vary from the size of a pinhead to a pea shape structure .
Vitamin deficiency may be one of the reasons for the development of warts. This has been proved in the experiments by comparing the serum levels of different vitamins in the people who have developed warts with the people without warts. Deficiencies of different vitamins are found in the individuals with the warts in any particular area of the body.
Types of warts:
Direct contact with HPV lets the condition propagate with ease. Suppose one person touches his wart then another body part then that body part too may develop warts. One must also be careful not to share personal items like razors, towels etc. with a person with warts.
The growth of the skin is slow and it usually months after the infection that the wart takes its a final shape. However, that does not mean each contact with HPV will result in warts. It may or may not occur. Some people are more vulnerable than others in this respect.
Warts are contagious and but they can be prevented from spreading but cannot be stopped fully. These are a few ways in which warts can be prevented from spreading:
Prevent warts from spreading person to person:
Prevent warts from spreading to other parts of the body:
Prevent warts from spreading from surface to person:
Doctors especially dermatologists can tell if a skin growth is a wart just by having a look at it. The usual practice is to take a sample and conduct a skin biopsy. This is usually done in cases where there is a lack of clarity on the growth being a wart.
Other reasons behind skin biopsy include that the growth is darker than it’s surrounding skin or is an irregular skin patch or is accompanied by bleeding or is excessively large or is growing too fast.
Treatment of warts is not always successful. Even after warts are subdued the may recur or even spread to previously unaffected areas. This is due to the fact that the virus is incurable and only the wart is destroyed.
The primary objective of warts treatment is to destroy warts. It also encourages the immune system to fight back the virus so that any future occurrences can be mitigated.
Warts usually do not need specialized medical treatment. But sometimes they may cause pain or spread to other areas. In such situations doctors, usually do the following:
Any individual who wants to get rid of warts may consider the freezing or salicylic treatment for removal of warts. Even though adults can manage warts, children often get hurt by picking or biting warts which cause excessive pain and irritation.
But before deciding on anything, it is recommended to consult with an expert who can guide you better. Even if salicylic acid treatment or Cryotherapy may not work for a particular patient, then the expert can suggest viable alternatives such as laser therapy.
The treatment for warts cannot be easy and effective for some people, especially those who are pregnant, prone to allergies and have an excessive risk of infection. Plus, some people are not able to tolerate the pain associated with these treatments.
People who have developed warts in areas that are very sensitive may not be able to take the wart treatment. This is because the treatment affects the skin surrounding warts and in some cases, the area in close vicinity cannot bear the effects, for instance, the skin near the eyes.
The cost of wart removal varies according to the treatment option. It also depends on the number of warts that have to be removed. But it can be said that in India, the treatment for wart removal can be availed at Rs. 500. The patient has to come for several sessions of wart removal for desired results and so the cost keeps on adding up.
The post-treatment care depends on the method that has been administered to the patient. Most doctors begin the treatment with the least painful methods, and it is important to follow the instructions given by the expert.
The burning and stinging sensation can be alleviated with the use of ice packs. And to lessen the pain caused by the treatment, the patient would be given painkillers to help ease the discomfort.
These are the ways in which we can get rid of warts:
Besides the conventional wart treatments, there are other methods of treating warts as well.
Vinegar is one of the home remedies effective for the treatment of warts. Being an acid, it is responsible for killing the viruses that come in it’s contact. The infected skin in this case is burnt and gradually causes falling of the warts from the affected skin. It is also responsible for stimulating the immune system against the viruses causing such infections.
Lemon juice, being rich in citric acid, is effective in the treatment of warts. The acid is responsible for the destruction of viruses that come in contact with it. Concentrated lemon juice need not be used in this case. Preparing lemon juice mixture in dilution with water serves as an effective way to get rid of the flat warts over a period of time.
Apple cider vinegar acts effectively in the case of warts, based on the principle of action of an acid. It is a mild form of an acid that burns off the warts along with the infected skin. The acid is also responsible for killing the viruses that come in contact with it. A mixture of apple cider vinegar diluted with water is usually preferred rather than the concentrated one.