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Warts - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What exactly are Warts and how are they Caused?

Warts are types of virus-induced skin growth. The culprit, in this case, is some variants of the HPV or the human papillomavirus. The skin’s top layer is usually affected and the virus makes its way into the body through a patch of broken skin. As a result of the infection, the skin’s top layer experiences rapid growth resulting in what is called a wart. Typically, warts wither away on their own within a span of a few months or years.All parts of the body are susceptible to warts and they are of different kinds too. Common warts are usually found on hands but may occur in other parts of the body too. The feet’s soles are the location for plantar warts, another common type of wart.

How do the affected areas spread?

Direct contact with HPV lets the condition propagate with ease. Suppose one person touches his wart then another body part then that body part too may develop warts. One must also be careful not to share personal items like razors, towels etc. with a person with warts. The growth of the skin is slow and it usually months after the infection that the wart takes it final shape.However, that does not mean each contact with HPV will result in warts. It may or may not occur. Some people are more vulnerable than others in this respect.

How is the diagnosis made?

Doctors especially dermatologists can tell if a skin growth is a wart just by having a look at it. The usual practice is to take a sample and conduct a skin biopsy. This is usually done in cases where there is a lack of clarity on the growth being a wart. Other reasons behind skin biopsy include that the growth is darker that it’s surrounding skin or is an irregular skin patch or is accompanied by bleeding or is excessively large or is growing too fast.

Doctors especially dermatologists can tell if a skin growth is a wart just by having a look at it. The usual practice is to take a sample and conduct a skin biopsy. This is usually done in cases where there is a lack of clarity on the growth being a wart. Other reasons behind skin biopsy include that the growth is darker that it’s surrounding skin or is an irregular skin patch or is accompanied by bleeding or is excessively large or is growing too fast.

What is the treatment?

Warts usually do not need specialized medical treatment. But sometimes they may cause pain or spread to other areas. In such situations doctors, usually do the following:

  • Recommend Home Remedies like duct tapes or salicylic acid which are available even in the absence of prescriptions.
  • Put a strong medicine on the infected growth or injecting it with medicines.
  • Freeze the offending growth which is called cryotherapy.
  • Warts may also be removed through surgery.

Treatment of warts is not always successful. Even after warts are subdued the may recur or even spread to previously unaffected areas. This is due to the fact that the virus is incurable and only the wart is destroyed.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Fleshy growth A tiny bump

Popular Health Tips

How To Get Rid Of Warts?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
How To Get Rid Of Warts?

Warts are infectious outgrowths that may appear on any part of the body. For example, the most common warts occur on fingers. They are caused by virus, most typically the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and several of its subtypes. They appear as dense painless rounded nodules of about 0.3- 1 cm in diameter. The mode of transmission of this virus is usually by contact. You can also contract warts by sharing objects like razors, towels or other personal items. They can be sexually transmitted if the warts are present on genitals.

Usually, they are benign outgrowths but sometimes, they may be cancerous if present on genitals.

How To Prevent Warts?

Earlier, the only way to prevent contracting warts was avoiding contact with infected people. But now-a-days, vaccines against HPV are present that are given in teen years to prevent genital warts and cancer caused by them.

How are they diagnosed?

Your doctor can easily tell if the outgrowth is a wart just by having a look at it. If it is not clear, your doctor may take a sample of your skin and look at it under the microscope to ensure that it is a wart.

Treating Warts-


Cauterization is a medical procedure wherein a part of the body is burnt in order to damage some tissue in order to prevent an outgrowth. Cauterization can be done by medicine, cryotherapy (using localised or general low temperatures to treat benign or malignant tissues), radio frequency cauterization or laser. The method applied depends on size and location of the outgrowth or the choice of you dermatologist as well.

It is recommended to get warts removed at its earliest to prevent spreading of the disease.

Several myths are present in the market that state cure to warts by various homemade remedies but these can do more harm than good. Treating warts must be done by practised medical personnel. Incomplete removal of warts can cause recurrence of warts due to secondary infection

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4107 people found this helpful

What Every Guy Should Know About Penis Warts?

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
What Every Guy Should Know About Penis Warts?

What Every Guy Should Know About Penis Warts?

When a man sees anything that comes close to resembling a wart on his penis, he might freak right out - and for good reason. Anything that mars the equipment not only has the opportunity to put a damper on his sex life, but the idea of genital warts can really make a man wonder where he got them, what it might mean for his future, and much more. It's important to understand this rather common penis problem and how to handle the issue of penis warts if they do show up.

How common are penis warts?

Though penis warts might seem like a terrifying ordeal, they are actually quite common. Skin warts are caused by HPV, an extremely common virus that most people will be exposed to in their lifetime. In fact, there are over 70 strains of HPV, and though most of them show up with no symptoms at all, some of them do lead to penis warts.

The good news is that penis warts caused by HPV are not a life sentence. In most cases, the immune system fights back and gets rid of the warts within two years of their first appearance. However, the idea of living with warts on the penis for two years can be enough to make a man look for treatment alternatives.

How to treat penis warts?

As with most penis problems, the best way to treat penis warts is to visit the doctor. Once there, a few treatments might be recommended:

1) Prescription creams. Many men will opt for prescription creams, which can lessen the appearance of warts while it helps to shrink them. It will still take a while for them to disappear, but the time a man must live with them can be shortened considerably.

2) Cryotherapy. Men who have dealt with other types of warts, such as those that commonly appear on the hands or feet, will be familiar with this treatment. It involves the use of liquid nitrogen to "freeze" the wart, thus killing it. The wart will then fall off within a short period of time.

3) Electric cauterization. In this treatment, a man is given a local anesthetic to numb any pain, then an electrical current is applied to the area of the wart. The result is killing the wart and just as with the liquid nitrogen, the problem should clear up rather quickly.

4) Watch and wait. Though most men will not like to hear this as an option, many doctors will choose the "watch and wait" policy when it comes to penis warts. This is especially indicated if a man has other problems that might mean he shouldn't undergo treatments, such as an underlying medical condition that might make the treatments dangerous for him. In this case, a man will want to do everything he can to boost his immune system in the hopes that it will take over and eradicate the warts sooner rather than later.

When a man has penis warts, it's best to avoid sexual contact with anyone. This is because even if a man uses a condom, the HPV in his body can be alive and well on the skin elsewhere in the genital area, and that means he can pass the problem on to a partner even if they practice safer sex. HPV vaccinations might be helpful in lowering a man's risk of contracting HPV again. And if a man does choose treatments rather than "watch and wait" methods, he will want to avoid sexual activity during the time it takes the body to heal.

No matter the penis problems a man might face, it pays to keep the penis in excellent health so it can better fight off penis warts and other issues. This can be helped along with a powerful penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). In addition to a wealth of vitamins and nutrients, a guy can also look for a crème that contains alpha lipoic acid, which helps fight excess free radicals that can lead to premature aging of the skin.

3 people found this helpful

Warts - How They Can Be Treated With Homeopathy?

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Delhi
Warts - How They Can Be Treated With Homeopathy?

Warts show up in all shapes and sizes. Caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV), they are exceedingly contagious and while they can show up in anybody of all ages, they will probably trouble children and teenagers.

About all warts are harmless however once they appear on conspicuous places such as the face or hands, most individuals will do almost anything to dispose of them.

Contemplating Warts-

Warts are frequently seen as simply a minor nuisance – to expel the wart is to evacuate the issue. Yet, is this totally genuine? No, say homeopaths.

Their presence on top of the skin warns of a more profound weakness or susceptibility that allows them to proceed and flourish. While expelling the wart creates a sans blemish skin, it does nothing to right this fundamental weakness – the person is still defenseless against future medical issues.

Homeopathic Remedies For Warts-

At the point when using homeopathy for warts, great results are accomplished when the cure corresponds to the characteristics of the person as well as the shape and appearance of the wart.

On account of that, three remedies are prescribed more regularly than whatever other – Antimonium crudum (Ant-c.), Nitricum acidum (Nit-air conditioning.) and Thuja occidentalis (Thuj.) (under strict supervision of the experts). Perused on for the descriptions of these three and other regular wart remedies.

  1. Antimonium crudum (Ant-c.) (under strict supervision of the experts): Hard, smooth warts that frequently show up in groups. Crabbiness and a thickly covered white tongue also suggest the requirement for this cure. The person may also gorge and have various complaints regarding the digestion problem.
  2. Calcarea carbonica (Calc.) (under strict supervision of the experts): Round, hard, solitary warts. Frequently useful for endophytic warts that have a horny divider surrounding a focal depression. Shown in individuals with sticky hands and feet who incline toward routine and the well known as opposed to change and the obscure.

At long last, a Warning About Warts

Some skin cancers such as squalors cell carcinomas appear to be similar to warts so it is critical to get a firm diagnosis if there is any uncertainty.

In case genital warts are present it is also imperative for ladies to have a PAP smear to watch that pre-cancerous changes have not occurred on the cervix.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4384 people found this helpful

Genital Warts - Best Ways To Treat Them!

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Genital Warts - Best Ways To Treat Them!

Soft growth occurring on the genitals are known as Genital Warts. Genital warts are infections that are transmitted through physical intimacy (STI). These are caused by certain behaviours of the human papillomavirus (HPV). These growths on the skin cause discomfort, pain and itching. They are particularly harmful for women since certain types of HPV might also cause cancer of the vulva and cervix. HPV is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Due to this, sexually active people are most vulnerable to various health complications, including genital warts. Prevention of this infection requires essential protection and treatment.


Transmission of genital warts occurs through sexual activity. Development of warts occurs several weeks after the infection. Sometimes, it is not possible to view them with the naked eye. The top of the growths might resemble a cauliflower and might feel slightly bumpy or smooth while touching. The person who is infected may have a single wart or a cluster of warts.

In males, the genital warts may appear in the following regions.

  1. Groin
  2. Scrotum
  3. Penis
  4. Thighs
  5. Inside or around the anus

In females, they might occur in:

  1. Cervix
  2. Outside the vagina or anus
  3. Inside the vagina or anus

In a case where the person has had oral sexual contact with the infected person, the genital warts might appear on the mouth, lips, throat or tongue of the person. In case the genital warts are not visible, the other related symptoms include:

  1. Itching
  2. Vaginal Discharge
  3. Bleeding
  4. Burning


Even though the genital warts disappear with time, it is not possible to eliminate the virus once it is in the bloodstream. This would result in several outbreaks during the entire course of life. This is a vital reason why the symptoms should be managed so that transmission of the disease is prevented. Treatment is possible only for relieving symptoms that are painful or for minimizing their appearance. Some topical wart treatments prescribed by the doctor may include:

  1. Podofilox and Podophyllin (Condylox)
  2. Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA)
  3. Imiquimod (Aldara)

Some surgeries that the physician might conduct to remove genital warts that do not disappear with time include:

  1. Interferon injections
  2. Laser treatments
  3. Cryosurgery, or freezing warts
  4. Electrocautery, or burning warts with electric currents
  5. Excision, or cutting off warts

Periodic Pap smears after the initial treatment is recommended for women with genital warts to monitor changes in the cervix.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3637 people found this helpful

Skin Warts - How Laser Surgery Can Help?

Dermatologist, Nagpur
Skin Warts - How Laser Surgery Can Help?

Warts refer to a type of a deformity in the skin, which refers to the formation of a small, hard, benign growth on the surface of the skin. It is generally caused by a viral infection and results in a feeling of discomfort or pain. Additionally, laser surgery is a technique, which uses a sharp and strong beam of light to destroy the wart tissue from the skin. The surgical process is usually performed at a doctor's clinic or chamber, under proper medical supervision.

When should you consider laser surgery?
Ideally a laser surgery should be your last resort to remove a wart when all the other means of removing a wart have failed. You should opt for a laser surgery only under the following circumstances:

  • Medicines have not been able to remove the wart
  • Warts are large and widespread
  • Appearance of warts during pregnancy (only after consulting your doctor)

What should you keep in mind? Before opting for surgery:

A laser surgery is a quite complicated process, but its effects are rapid and effective. Some of the things to be kept in mind before you actually opt for a laser treatment are as follows:

  • Laser technology does not lead to scarring on the skin
  • The surgery requires a local anesthetic, which is used for making the affected body part numb
  • Laser treatments should not be used as an initial treatment
  • It is a sure shot way to remove warts

Post surgery:
After a laser surgery the wound is generally painful depending upon the intensity, location and number of warts that are removed. Some of the probable outcomes of a laser surgery are as follows:

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2917 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello, I have small warts around my neck. I have tried wartosin cream for that. But there are many more.

General Surgeon, Srinagar
Well cauterisation is the best option. It's an opd procedure in which warts are burnt using elrctro or thermo cautery. You can use a combination of herpex cream and betsalyc ointment till then. Regards.
1 person found this helpful

Hi. I have a problem with warts around my neck. Some are big and most of them are smaller ones. I want to get rid of them at one go. Using wartosin types takes longer time and also need to use it for 2 3 at a time. Can tou suggest any laser technique that can be used here? Pls advise and also approx expenses for the treatment.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellowship in Infectious Diseases, Fellowship in HIV/AIDS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
We have been providing electrocauterization services for warts and have seen excellent results. Warts can often be cauterized and that is usually a single visit procedure. It is safe, effective and with low complications. Depending on number and size of warts, the procedure may cost anything between Rs. 2000-6000.

Hello doctor, I have 4 warts inside anal, it's in a smaller size, I need to remove that, how much time it takes for this treatment. Can anyone suggest. Thank you!

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear Lybrate user, hi Warm welcome to I have evaluated your query thoroughly. Laser therapy is best option time of recovery depends upon the clinical examination. Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance at my private URL Regards take care.
1 person found this helpful

Hi I am 23. I do not know whether I have warts on my pennis or not. I am confused. I notice very tiny whitish things on the starting of my pennis foreskin. Are they warts or anything else. And if I have warts then I have to worry or not. Means I am prone to hiv or any other disease or not. Please tell me. I am very much worried about this.

Diploma in Dermatology Venereology, MD - Physician
Dermatologist, Surat
Hello lybrate-user Yes, it is big thing GENITAL WART. So you have to do your HIV and VDRL test done. and you should consult with your DERMATOLOGIST. He will guide you more with treatments too.

Table of Content

What exactly are Warts and how are they Caused?

How do the affected areas spread?

How is the diagnosis made?

Doctors especially dermatologists can tell if a skin growth is a wart just by having a look at it. The usual practice is to take a sample and conduct a skin biopsy. This is usually done in cases where there is a lack of clarity on the growth being a wart. Other reasons behind skin biopsy include that the growth is darker that it’s surrounding skin or is an irregular skin patch or is accompanied by bleeding or is excessively large or is growing too fast.

What is the treatment?

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice