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Diet: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Having a healthy diet is not only limited to childhood. Even though growth and development stops after a certain age, one's body still needs the right nutrients in the right amount to stay healthy, active and fit. While exercising can help in achieving fitness, it is impossible for anyone to be at the peak of their health without following the right diet. Hence, following a good diet is extremely crucial. To define diet, it can be referred to as sum of foods consumed by living organisms in order to survive. Diets can be either good or bad, depending on the kind of food one puts into his or her body. That's not all, dietary preferences can vary to a great extent too and are dependent on the region or the culture to which a person belongs. All in all, a healthy diet should be comprised of vitamins, protiens, essential amino acids, essential fatty acids, carbohyrate, fat, energy and other essential minerals. These when ingested and absorbed by the body ensure its normal functioning and even help in the prevention of certain diseases and conditions such as obesity and obesity-related diseases (diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol etc.), fatigue, malnourishment, weakness and so and so forth. Sometimes diet is also recommended as a treatment method, particularly in the case of weight-related issues such as being overweight or underweight. In the case of other diseases or conditions, a specific diet may be prescribed to help speed up the heeling process.

How is the treatment done?

When it comes to diet as a treatment for being either overweight or underweight, individuals will have to be particular about what they put into their bodies. A weight management diet will typically be prescribed by either a doctor or fitness expert and will vary depending upon the specific case of a person. However, some amount of generalization can be done. For example, the diet for an overweight individual would be focussed on cutting down calories, especially those consumed through junk and processed foods, so that a healthy weight can be achieved. Overweight individuals will also be asked to increase their vitamin B intake as it helps in converting fat, carbohydrate and protein into energy. Other recommendations may include increasing vitamin C and D intake, consuming foods rich in catechin to help speed up the fat burning process, eating foods loaded with iodine to help the thyroid function normally and aid in weight loss and having plenty of calcium and zinc rich foods. All of this aid in weight loss in a healthy way. As for underweight individuals, a diet with frequent meals thrown in is recommended by experts. Those who are underweight are also supposed to eat foods rich in nutrients such as whole-grain breads, pastas, lean proteins, dairy products and seeds and nuts. Smoothies and shakes loaded with natural sources of sugar are also recommended instead of fizzy drinks and caffiene. In the cases of disease-specific diets, the meal plan recommended can vary to a great degree depending on the disease. That said, the right diet is important even for a healthy individual.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

While patients of diet-related problems as well as those suffering from eating disorders are definitely eligible candidates for a strict diet plan, perfectly healthy individuals need to follow a good diet so that they can maintain their good health.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

In case individuals suffer from any type of food allergy, especially that food which is an essential part of the meal plan, one should consult with their dietitian. Apart from food allergies, there's no other criteria that can deem anyone ineligible for a healthy diet.

Are there any side effects?

Apart from side effects caused by food allergies, there are no side effects caused by a good diet. However, a bad diet (that full of junk foods and other unhealthy items) can cause a host of diseases such as obesity and more.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are no post-treatment guidelines one has to follow when it comes to diet, since following the right diet is a life-long process.

How long does it take to recover?

In case a person has been presrcibed a diet for medical reasons, it can take a few weeks to a few months for the effects to show. In other cases, there's no recovery period as far diet is concerned since following a good diet is necessary everyday.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

A good diet is composed of several food items and in certain cases, supplements as well. Since food prices are not fixed and there are too many items to list down, the price of dieting cannot be specified into a generic whole.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of a good diet manifest their positive effects throughout the extent of one's life.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The right diet has no alternatives. However, it should be combined with the right exercises so that individuals can reap maximum benefits.

Safety: Very High Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Very Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range: information not found

Popular Health Tips

Nutrition After Kidney Transplant!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology, Fellowship, Faculty (Assistant Professor)
Urologist, Mohali
Nutrition After Kidney Transplant!

A kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure where a diseased kidney is replaced with a healthy one.

Once the surgery is over and you are recuperating, it is very important that you make certain alterations to your diet to facilitate faster recovery. You need to maintain your weight and exercise on a regular basis.

What Does a Balanced Diet Include?

After the surgery, eat meals or food items that are low in sodium. A properly balanced diet should include ample amounts of fresh fruits, lean meats, fresh vegetables, dairy products that are low in fat. Drink sufficient amount of water (2-3 litres) to keep yourself hydrated.

Why Do You Need to Supervise Your Diet?

Post a kidney transplantation surgery the patient will need to take anti-rejection drugs which are also known as immunosuppressive drugs. These medications lower the risk of the new kidney being rejected by the body. On the flip side, these drugs suppress the immune system making you vulnerable to infections. A healthy diet will ensure that you don’t fall ill.

What Food Items Should You Avoid?

• Consuming undercooked or raw meat, poultry and seafood such as squid, crabs or prawns.
• Consuming dairy products that have been made from unpasteurized milk such as yoghurt and cheese.
• Undercooked or uncooked eggs or any food items that might contain such eggs
• Fruits such as pomegranates or grapefruits
• Unwashed salads, sprouts and vegetables.

Restrain Caution when Consuming Carbohydrates:

When you are taking drugs, it is difficult for the body to utilize all the extra carbohydrates that you consume. This can lead to high blood sugar levels. Carbohydrate-laden food items come from starches and sugars and provide fuel for the body.

In short right after a kidney transplantation surgery, you need to make sure that you are following a diet that is high in proteins but low in sugar. In order to avoid developing diabetes or any associated disease during this phase consult with your healthcare provider and chalk out a proper dietary plan.

2752 people found this helpful

Respiratory Complications During Pregnancy - Tips To Avoid Them!

Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Respiratory Complications During Pregnancy - Tips To Avoid Them!

Pregnancy brings with it a slew of changes in the physiological parameters of women. Women are susceptible to a number of complications, including respiratory complications during this stage. An abnormal chest X-ray or a complaint regarding some kind of respiratory trouble guides doctors to explore the possibility of pregnancy leading to respiratory complications.

Respiratory Complications During Pregnancy

Let us explore the likely respiratory complications during pregnancy. 

Though studies do not indicate any increase in risk of pneumococcal infection during pregnancy, it has been observed that complications arising out of pneumonia are increased during this time. Anemic or asthmatic women are more susceptible to this infection, and the risk of complications is also more common in such women. It entails risk for both the mother and the child. While the child can be born preterm or low in weight, the mother can even suffer respiratory failure.

It is a kind of fungal infection that affects the respiratory system, especially in the last trimester of pregnancy. It is a respiratory tract infection that is self- limiting in nature. However, owing to reduced immunity during pregnancy, this fungal infection may turn out to be severe. It may cause a variety of complications, including pneumonia, fever, chest pain, difficulty in breathing, etc.

However, timely diagnosis and administration of antifungal therapy has reduced maternal mortality to a large extent.

There is a risk of formation of blood clots during pregnancy due to hypercoagulability of blood during this stage. This leads to an enhanced risk of embolic pneumonia, where blood clots may block an artery in the lungs. It is an emergency condition where patients usually have difficulty breathing, chest pain, cough, etc.

Pregnancy is not a risk factor for asthma, but asthma during pregnancy may exacerbate the risk of complications such as premature birth, restricted growth, preeclampsia, etc.

Tips to Avoid

These and other respiratory complications during pregnancy, if any, increase the risk of complications for the mother as well as the fetus. However, there are ways that pregnant women can adopt to get over these problems and give birth to a healthy baby.

  1. Avoid Crowded Place in Pregnancy: Pregnancy enhances the risk of Pneumonia, and Pneumonia is mostly a community acquired. Pregnant women can try to avoid Pneumonia by avoiding going to crowded places.
  2. Eat Immune Boosting Food: Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that is mostly diagnosed during the third trimester. However, it is usually a self-limiting infection. Along with avoiding going to crowded places, she also needs to take immune-boosting food such as citrus fruits, green vegetables, etc.
  3. Walk Regularly: Pulmonary Embolism is the result of being immobile for a long time. This happens during pregnancy and this is what makes pregnant women susceptible to the problem. One can tide over the problem by taking regular strolls at home or outside and doing regular chores.
  4. Consult with Gynecologist in Case of Asthma: If she is suffering from asthma, she must discuss it with the gynecologist. Most asthma medications are safe to be taken during pregnancy.
  5. Take Care of Infant Breath: Pregnant women should regularly visit gynecologists for checkups. They should also take a balanced diet and stay happy for the healthy life of the child.
4240 people found this helpful

Best Diet For Patients With Kidney Problems!

DNB (Urology), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Gurgaon
Best Diet For Patients With Kidney Problems!

Patients suffering from kidney related disorders need to closely monitor their diets to be healthy. Certain changes in the diet such as limiting fluid intake, limiting certain electrolyte such as phosphorus, potassium, salt etc, consume just enough calories that are sustainable for the body etc is necessary. The purpose of the dietary changes is to ensure that the patient consumes only so much stuff that can be excreted with limited kidney function.

While a patient should seek a doctor’s or a nutritionist’s advice before following any diet plan, here is a generic diet plan that fits the bill:

  • Eat the right food with less or no salt: For a patient suffering from kidney ailments, the daily intake of sodium should be less than 2,300 mg. It is, therefore, advised to consume fresh food rather than packaged food. Instead of consuming prepared, frozen food, it makes sense to prepare food at home right from scratch so that the sodium level could be controlled right from the word go. To compensate for the salt, one can use certain spices, seasonings, and herbs etc to improve the taste of the food.
  • Eat the right type and the right amount of protein: Consuming protein accumulates waste and kidney end up removing this waste from the body. It is, therefore, pivotal to limit the protein intake in the diet so that kidney doesn’t have to overwork. A very limited portion of animal and plant protein such as chicken, eggs, dairy, nuts, grains should be consumed after prior consultation with the doctor with a medical professional.
  • Choose healthy food that supports the cardiovascular system: To ensure that fat does not build up in the heart, blood vessels, kidneys etc. it is necessary to choose a diet that is friendly to the heart as well. Following guidelines should help:
    • Instead of consuming deep-fried food, it makes sense to consume broil, roast or stir-fry foods.
    • Instead of consuming butter, olive oil helps the kidney to reduce work
    • Trimming the fat portion of meat is strictly advised
    • Some of the good-to-consume food include beans, fish, fruits, poultry etc

The next steps to eat healthily: If the kidney function keeps deteriorating, over time a patient will have to forego alcohol, smoke, trans and saturated fats. The level of potassium and phosphorus should be brought down to a considerable extent as well. Since phosphorus degrades the level of calcium in the body, there is a good chance that the bone and the teeth might become fragile. It is also important to get all the medicines checked as well. Certain medication can increase the level of potassium in the body.

Following a diet chart at various stage of the kidney function can help a patient mitigate any drastic risk involved with the kidney.

2841 people found this helpful

10 Essential Foods For A Healthy Kidney!

DM - Nephrology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine
Nephrologist, Gurgaon
10 Essential Foods For A Healthy Kidney!

Maintaining a strong and healthy kidney becomes rather challenging over the years as most people engage in a variety of activities and habits that slowly but steadily damage these vital organs. Furthermore, the symptoms of kidney failure are quite broad, ranging from leg swelling to high blood potassium; the extensive but confusing nature of these symptoms make it one of the more difficult disorders to identify and then treat.

Thus, you must make certain that you are going for food items that will prevent the disruption of your kidney functions:

  1. Red Bell Peppers: Since red bell peppers contain a very low amount of potassium, they will enable the kidney to perform all of its functions in a safe manner. They also contain an important antioxidant by the name of lycopene that fends off cancer growth in the body.
  2. GarlicThis particular root vegetable also holds within numerous medicinal properties. Not only does it add a lot of flavour to cooking but it has also proven to reduce renal reperfusion, a condition linked to kidney failure.
  3. Bamboo Shoots: As strange as it may sound, bamboo shoots bolster your immunity levels to an impressive extent. They also help with cholesterol and blood sugar.
  4. Onions: Though you might already be familiar with numerous forms of onion in your daily assortment of dishes, you must also note down how onions aid in reducing blood viscosity and blood pressure, both of which can lead to kidney damage.
  5. Lemon Juice: Normally thought of as refreshment for the hot summers, lemon juice is actually a surprising safeguard against the onset of various kidney diseases. It maintains your pH level, promoting stronger immunity within your body.
  6. Berries: Through a combination of strawberries, blueberries, raspberries and cherries in your diet, you will be able to avoid the build-up of toxic substances in your kidneys. They also provide a healthy amount of fibre, vitamin C and folic acid.
  7. Turmeric: This essential spice that you may already be acquainted with is, in fact, a surprising source of antioxidant. It also protects your body from the accumulation of certain cancer cells. It is also said to improve your digestive tract.
  8. Carrots: Carrots are a good source of vitamin A, which enables your kidney to clear out the harmful toxins from the urinary tract. They also reduce your creatinine levels, which makes you prone to numerous kidney diseases.
  9. Water: An essential item that controls your body in more ways than one, water is one of the most effective ways to clear out all sorts of suspect substances from your system.
  10. Watermelon: This wildly popular summer fruit is filled with lycopene, which, as mentioned before, is a strong antioxidant that sees to the avoidance of renal injuries. It also picks out certain oxygen radicals and clears them out.

Thus, by including most if not all of the foods mentioned above, you will be able to protect your kidney to the best of your ability and ensure the best renal health for yourself.

4218 people found this helpful

Mediterranean Diet - How Can It Influence The Results After IVF?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
IVF Specialist, Sonipat
Mediterranean Diet - How Can It Influence The Results After IVF?

If you are trying to get pregnant through IVF, then you must be receiving a lot of suggestions from people close to you. You get suggestions about lifestyle changes, changes in your diet and much more. You will definitely get to hear about the Mediterranean diet in that list. This is one of the best diets that can ensure a healthy pregnancy.

There are so many studies conducted on the right diet for women to achieve a healthy pregnancy. A diet which is rich in vegetables, fruits, high fibre, whole grains and fish is good and the Mediterranean diet has just what a woman requires.

What is the Mediterranean diet?
The Mediterranean diet includes eating fresh fruits and vegetables. It also includes good fat, proteins and carbohydrates. When you are opting for IVF treatment, your overall lifestyle plays an important role such as the food you consume. You need to add more proteins to your diet as that can help in the production of eggs. You need to consume vegetable protein and not just animal protein.

How can the Mediterranean diet influence the results of an IVF?

  • Your body should be able to absorb the nutrients from the food that you eat. This will help in the production of quality sperm, egg and hormones. So, the Mediterranean diet can help you with that.
  • The Mediterranean diet helps manage blood sugar levels. Most women crave sweets or experience mood swings caused by hormones good food can help control these. When you are able to manage your blood sugar with the help of this diet, then you will be able to produce good quality or healthy eggs.
  • You will have to make sure that the food you are eating is protecting the cells from radical damage. When the cells in the body are damaged, then they will impact the quality of the sperm and egg produced. The Mediterranean diet is high in antioxidants that protect the cells.
  • The Mediterranean diet contains good fats. Fats from fish are very good as they boost the cell membranes. Inflammation is also prevented with the help of this good fat.
  • Apart from that, you will also find the Mediterranean diet useful in reducing obesity, heart diseases and diabetes.

Being overweight can also be one of the reasons for not getting pregnant. This diet will help you maintain a good weight. People with sleeping disorders are also able to overcome the problem. So, overall the Mediterranean diet is the best diet for maintaining overall health. Overall good health will guarantee a good and healthy pregnancy. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3642 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I wanted to know about diet. I have bought amul sugar free dark chocolate. Can I consume sugar free dark chocolate in my diet.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Nita ji, Thanks for the query. Please tell me the reason for knowing about diet? Your diet will depend on your weight, height (BMI) and extent of daily physical activity. If one is over weight, then diet needs to be restricted in carbs and fats. If you have any condition like diabetes or hypothyroidism then intake has to be reduced. As regards the dark chocolate you can have it. Thanks.
4 people found this helpful

Hello doctor, I just want to ask you that we make sesame and jaggery laddu can we use small quantity of sugar also. In other words I want to ask that whether jaggery and sugar can be eaten together.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Mr Varun, Thanks for the query. Jaggery and sugar both are same in terms of carbohydrate conten, as both are sucrose only. Only difference is in the making. Jaggery is made by simply boilling the sugar caine juice, without adding any chemicals. So considered as much better for use. It also supposed to have some vitamins and antioxidants. WHere as sugar is purely sucrose. If you want to use both that can be done. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Hi doctor, I have a problem of white discharge and it sometimes becomes very thick in consistency and sometimes thin than that please help me regarding this issue and also I have less amount of blood in my body help me by telling me the treatment of this problem and also suggest me some healthy diet as I feel sometimes very weak.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
White discharge called lucorrhoea is common and normal if not associated with other complaints. For this nothing to be done.. If associated with other complaints, then needs examination by Gynecologist. For other complaints meet any doctor
5 people found this helpful

My father (90+) is suffering from anxiety, high BP. He is taking prolomet25 (twice) telma40 (twice) ecosprin available 75. Can I give him chamomile tea?

MA - Psychology, PG Diploma in Counselling & Psychotherapy, Certified NLP Master Practitioner, Certified Advanced Life Coach, Certified Clinical Hypnotherapist, Certified Psychometric Tool Analyst, Certified Wellness Coach, Certified Leadership Coach, Certified Naturopath
Psychologist, Meerut
Hello lybrate-user Anxiety is related with the thought and there is no medicine which can change the thought. I suggest that you father should do meditation daily and whenever he free in the day time also, he should take deep breathing exercise minimum 5 minutes and follow the good life style. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

Which foods is good for sperm count age is 37 sperm count is 38 millions active motility is 10 I smoke 2 per day please give an advice.

MSW, Clinical Hypnotherapy, MBA, Post Graduation in Counselling, Research Scholar
Psychologist, Guwahati
Listen you should consume more of fresh fruits and vegetables and avoid junks as much as possible. Also you should engage in healthy life style like, don't drink more than 2 pegs of alcohol per week, and engage in some form of yoga and relaxation and include brink walking atlas 2 km a day.
3 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
How To Be Healthy?
By Lifestyle changes, you can be healthy. Lifestyle changes include a healthy diet, exercise and discipline. Most of the people work on the diet part but do not do exercises. So you should take your health seriously.
Play video
Diet Plan During Pregnancy
Hello everyone!

I am Dr. Priyanka Mahawar and today I will tell you about what are the foods to be avoided in the pregnancy. As you know pregnancy is a vital period in a woman's life. As soon as you get pregnant there are many questions which come in the mind. What to eat? and what not to eat? So I will tell you some food which should be avoided during pregnancy so that you can decide your menu of the pregnancy. Coming to high-mercury fish. Mercury is a compound which causes damage to the nervous system, immune system and kidneys and it also causes developmental delay in children. So mercury is totally contra-indicated in pregnancy. It should be avoided.

The fishes which contain mercury include Shark, sword fish. king mackerel and tuna. The next thing is undercooked meat or raw meat which harbor many bacteria like E-coli, Salmonella typhi. The infection with these bacteria is life-threatening in pregnancy. So this undercook meat should be totally avoided. Only pasteurized eggs should be eaten in the pregnancy. Raw egg is sometimes contaminated with salmonella so it should be avoided. Caffeine is a compound which is present in the tea, coffee and soft drinks. Caffeine is absorbed very easily and through placenta, it goes to the foetus. It causes IUGR, stillbirth. Caffeine should not be taken up in the pregnancy. The maximum recommended amount of caffeine is 200 mg per day. More than that should be avoided.

The unpasteurized dairy product like milk, cheese, and paneer- all these things should be avoided. Raw sprouts should be avoided in the pregnancy as the humid environment which is required for making the sprouts also promote the growth of bacteria like salmonella in this. Only cooked sprouts are recommended during pregnancy raw sprouts should be avoided. There are few fruits which should also not be taken up during pregnancy. Papaya increases uterine contraction. pineapple which contains bromelain which ripens the cervix which also induces the premature delivery. the black grapes also should be avoided in the pregnancy. I hope that this will help you decide on what to eat and what not to eat during pregnancy.

Thank you!
Play video
Body Pain
Hi, I am Dr. Kedar Tilwe, consultant psychiatrist and I will be talking about pain along with my sister Dr. Amrita Ajay Tilwe, who has done a fellowship in chronic pain management. Pain is one of the clear sign of the stress involved in our body and something needs the focus of our attention. However, sometimes this pain persists despite all medical tests and treatments and takes the form of a chronic situation which seldom seems to respond to any treatment. Dr. Amrita would explain to us how pain works and why it occurs. Hello everyone, this is Dr. Amrita Tilwe. I am anesthesiologist in pain physician. Now, what is pain? Pain is an unpleasant sensory or emotional experience, that is caused due to tissue damage or probable tissue damage. Now pain can be of different types. It can be an acute pain which is in often immediate setting and chronic pain which comes from 3 to 6 months and lasts long. Pain can be felt like a normal dull aching pain to a sharp pain to tingling sensations or just a dull visceral pain. Pain can be of variety of types. But we have to know that we don t have to live with this kind of pain.

Nowadays we have lots of medicines, procedures, and therapy by which we can avoid this pain. Now, what does pain do? Pain restricts your lifestyle. You can t experience all the pleasures of your life, you can t do everything. You get restricted. It might be as simple as a small backache because of a backache you might not able to watch your movie or go to any theatre and watch a play. Just a simple backache might restrict you from your activities or it might be something difficult like trigeminal neuralgia were even washing your face or where even driving might cause such severe pain in your face that you might just give up on everything. You don t have to live with this pain. You can just be comfortable. And the procedures, the medicines they are simple. Just remember that you don t have to live with the pain. In here, we take you in, we take a nice detailed history of you so that we understand what type of pain you have. We try to find out what is causing that pain and when we understand what is causing the pain, what type of pain you have, then further we manage.

For example, if you have small muscle pain like you have a muscle pull, then we can have physiotherapy and we can have something like acupuncture, which helps to release the muscle tension. On the other hand, if you are having a backache which is radiating to one side say one of your leg pains or it gives a sharp shooting sensation in the night or intermittently during the day which has restricted your activity, we can give you simple procedure like Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection. This will help you to the next extreme is cancer pain. There are cancer survivors who say we are fine with cancers but we don t want that pain. For such people also we have to tell that you need not suffer through the pain. There are simple blocks like lumbar sympathetic block or celiac plexus block which will help you recover and these things are done at Dr. Tilwe nursing home. The physical causes of pain apart as in psychiatrist, I see many cases in whom the pain doesn t seem to have a physiological basis or is often experienced in a degree much worse than anticipated or expected.

This is known as a condition of somatic symptom disorder with predominant pain. More often than normal doctors would not be able to explain the cause of why it occurs, why it persists for so long or what to do about it. It is at these times when there seems to be no other help readily available that we can consider the possibility of one of my medicines or therapies helping. It is worth noting that up to 12 percent of people during their lifetime may experience something similar to somatic symptom disorder with predominant pain in which no explanation is possible. It is also worth remembering that more often than no medical basis for this. While the causes can be psychological and in some cases a biological predisposition causing more acute presentation of symptoms. There just seems to be no treatment in sight. So what do we do about these?

Well we have the options of medicines in the form of pharmacotherapy such as antidepressants like SSRIs, tricyclic antidepressant or SNRIs in the form of mood stabilizers which have shown to reduce the amount of pain endured and sometimes in therapy in the form of CBT or other forms of therapy which will help reduce the pain that you have experienced. Remember the idea is to experience your life to the fullest and not the pain. So if for any reason you find yourself in a situation in which the pain persists and physical treatment has not seemed to take full effect then there are other alternatives that can be considered. So to reach out, one of us may be able to help.

Thank you.
Play video
Nutrition In Pregnancy
Foods to eat and avoid during Pregnancy
Play video
PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)
Hello, everyone. I am glad that you are watching this video. I am consultant gynecologist at Max Superspeciality Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, Max Hospital in Pitampura and at my own clinic in Pitampura. Today I would like to talk about PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.

It is a very common in female endocrine disorder which is increasing tremendously. The prevalence of it now is 2.2 to 26% which itself is very high. NOw, what is it about? So, this problem is about women's hormones, they get out of balance. Then it makes the problems in periods, difficult for the women to conceive or to get pregnant. If left untreated, it can lead to long term problems such as Diabetes Mellitus, Heart disease, and endocrinal cancer.

What happens in PCOS?

In PCOS, the sex hormones get out of balance. So, the male hormones increase more than a normal range. Now, what do they do?

They stop Ovulation, they cause acne, increase the facial and the body hair.

The second factor it involves is Insulin.THe Insulin resistance is caused because of PCOS. The insulin resistance causes obesity, weight gain and then later it may cause Diabetes Mellitus. The causes of PCOS is clearly not known but they run in the family. The girls which are affected from PCOS, they get it either from the mother's family or the father's family.

So, the symptoms of PCOS are;

Hirsutism
Extra facial and the body hair
Thinning of hair from the scalp
Infertility problems
Irregular periods
Depression
Now, coming to the diagnosis,

There are a lot of studies which are done for PCOS. PCOD is defined as any two of these three features, those are;

The periods that come after more than 45 days or periods which comes less than 8 times in a year.
Hyperandrogenism, Menstrual problems.
Ultrasound features suggested of PCOS.
So, the polycystic shows up multiple cysts, that is 10 in number, 2-8 mm in size and bulky ovaries each.

This is how we diagnose. Now coming to the treatment.

There are 3 key treatments for PCOS;

Regular exercise- Walking is a very good exercise that most people can do. Then depending on your choice, you can swim, dance, play etc.
Healthy diet- In diet, you should take green leafy vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts, beans, milk etc. You should avoid the intake of saturated fats like meat, cheese, fried food items, sugary food. Starchy food such as potatoes, cakes, sweet potato, maida, sooji, besan etc. You have to quit smoking if you are indulged in that too.
Weight control- In weight control, most women benefit even with 5% of weight loss that would help them regulate their hormones better.
The women's hormones come into balance, the periods come on time, it gets easier for the patient to get pregnant. All these favourable changes take place when the patient follows all these three steps.

Now there are pills that we can give to the patients to help her regulate her own hormones. Now, there are two types of pill;

One is birth control pills o0r oral contraceptive pills. These pills help to balance sex hormones.
Metformin pills are the insulin sensitizers. They tackle the INsulin resistance in the PCOS patients.
Now, all these help in balancing the hormones of PCOS patients. If a patient is suffering from depression because of PCOS, then he would advise her to do some exercises that help to elevate the mood or to consult a counsellor or a gynaecologist.

So, if you want to contact me, you can do so through Lybrate or you can come to my clinic directlywhich is in Pitampura.

Thanks for the patient hearing.



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