A person’s body undergoes some changes as he/she ages. The body’s metabolism rate decreases and the person tends to put on weight. Many people all over the world tend to gain some weight due to a combination of factors like aging, healthy appetite and leading a less active lifestyle. The body weight is determined by the amount of energy that we take in as food and the amount of energy that we expend through our activities per day. A person is able to control the amount of calories (energy) that he/she intakes in a day by regulating the amount of food intake. He/she can also regulate the amount of energy expended by indulging in physical activities. However, energy spent is also dependent on another factor known as the BMR or basal metabolic rate. A person whose basal metabolic index is between 18-25 is said to have normal weight.
Dieticians and other doctors have recommended 12 tips regarding how to lose weight and prevent it from coming back. These tips are building more lean muscle, fighting off hunger with more filling foods, counting calorie intake, avoiding temptation, planning the meals in advance, measuring what a person eats, exercising more, including dairy in your diet, using the ‘plate’ method, leading a more active lifestyle and also by eating regular breakfast.
An underweight person should have five-six small meals per day rather than having 2-3 meals. He/she should also do some strength training to build up muscles and also to gain weight.
A person is generally able to manage his/her weight by incorporating certain changes in lifestyle. However, people who are obese can develop various health-related problems, and for such people medicines like orlistat are recommended. Medications are generally recommended for people with BMI greater than 30 or people who have BMI greater than 27 and suffering from conditions like high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and diabetes. BMI or Body Mass Index is a simple, inexpensive and non-invasive procedure of measuring body fat based on a person’s weight and in relation to his/her height. Simply put, the BMI acts as a screening tool to determine whether a person is overweight, underweight, obese or has healthy weight.
A person is morbidly obese if he/she has a BMI of over 40. Such people and also people with BMI above 35 and also suffering from diseases like cardiovascular disease, hypertension, sleep apnea or diabetes mellitus are often recommended bariatric surgery to lose weight.
To manage weight, the desire must always come from the individual himself/herself. A person not serious about losing weight or who has been forced to do so is bound to fail in managing weight. It is also essential to not skip breakfast. People who have breakfast are more likely to manage their weight. Low-fat dairy helps a person to lose weight. One of the most important ways by which a person can manage weight is by working out daily. A person should also avoid temptations and surround himself/herself will similar-minded people. Planning a meal ahead also prevents a person from eating more and thus, helps to manage weight.
A person whose basal metabolic index is greater than 25 or people with basal metabolic index less than 18 are overweight and underweight respectively. Such people are eligible for weight management program. A person whose BMI is greater than 30 or a person having BMI greater than 27 and also suffering from ailments like diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol are eligible for treatment with medicines. A person with BMi greater than 35 is eligible for weight reduction surgery.
A person who has a BMI between 18-25 is deemed to be of ideal weight. Such a person is not eligible for treatment. A person suffering from some serious condition is not eligible for weight reduction surgery even if he/she is morbidly obese. This is because surgery in those cases may lead to disastrous consequences for the person.
The side-effects of orlistat, the medicine used to lose weight, are drowsiness, confusion, mood changes, severe pain in the upper stomach, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, dark urination, jaundice, clay-coloured stools and itchiness. The side-effects associated with bariatric surgery are long-term. Some of them are low blood sugar, malnutrition, vomiting, ulcers, bowel obstruction and hernia. Another side-effect associated with bariatric surgery is the dumping syndrome that is a condition that can lead to nausea and dizziness. Otherwise managing weight involves some lifestyle changes that do not have any side-effects as such.
There are no such post-treatment guidelines for weight management. A person will have to adhere to certain guidelines and adopt a healthy lifestyle throughout his/her life to manage weight. It is of absolute importance for an overweight person to check his eating habits and also to exercise regularly. An underweight person should also include calorie-rich foods in their diet and also do strength training exercises to gain weight.
Losing weight depends on a number of factors like the constituency of the patient’s body, age, medical history and also how much overweight the person is. A person can lose weight by eating less as the body fats will burn to make up for the difference in calorie intake. A deficit of 500- 1000 calories per day can help a person to lose about 1-2 pounds in a week. Therefore, the complete treatment will depend on how much the person needs to lose.
Consulting a doctor who can devise a proper weight management program can cost something around Rs 500 –Rs 2000 per visit. 10 capsules of orlistat can cost something around Rs 380 in India. There can be different types of bariatric surgery that help a morbidly obese person to lose weight. However, the cost of the treatment varies between Rs 396000 to Rs 516000 in our country.
Weight management is a continuous process and a person has to follow a strict routine to ensure that the extra weight does not come back or so that he/she does not lose weight. Lifestyle changes including dietary changes help a person to maintain a normal weight. However, this is not a permanent result as a person may again become underweight or overweight if he/she deviates from the weight management program.
Drinking 1 to 2 teaspoons of apple vinegar cedar and 8 ounces of water 3 times a day help to lose weight. Consuming a little protein in every meal will help a person to lose weight. Another important way to lose weight is to get enough sleep every night. Otherwise, lack of sleep can lead to worsening of the overall mental and physical condition and makes it harder for a person to lose weight.
Rs 500 - Rs 510000
As on date obesity is a major problem in India. As per the World Health Organization statistics, India ranks third on the list of most obese nations after US and China. Further, a survey revealed that Delhi has over 35 percent of teens who are obese or overweight, which is an alarming number.
Obesity is a condition wherein you suffer from excessive body weight as a result of either genetic or lifestyle-related factor. This condition, if not taken seriously, can be life-threatening as obesity can put you at risk of developing chronic conditions like diabetes, cholesterol, blood pressure, and which in certain cases can lead to heart attack. Hence, it is crucial to undergo weight reduction.
Calculate the weight you need to lose
Before you begin to practice effective steps for weight loss, consider the amount of weight you need to shed. You should first measure your current weight and then calculate your body mass index (BMI) to find the amount of deviation from the recommended range. Then consider the difference between your current and ideal weight as your target.
Tips For Losing Weight
1. Eat Right
As an obese person, you need to exercise regularly. If you find it difficult to do exercise, take baby steps and start with easy sitting and lying exercises. Go out into the fresh air such as a garden and perform these exercises early in the morning for just 10 minutes. As you build your stamina, increase the intensity gradually.
3. Manage stress
Shed some of that stress in your life as stress and weight are directly correlated. Lose out on stress, and you will also lose those extra pounds.
4. Don’t neglect sleep
Six to eight hours of sleep is essential for a healthy being. Insufficient sleep results in increased levels of cortisol. Cortisol is associated with weight gain.Hence, it becomes crucial to rest enough.
Make sure you seek advice from your doctor and implement the necessary lifestyle changes to accomplish weight reduction effectively. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or Disease (PCOS) is a very common condition, wherein there are multiple cysts in the ovaries. As a result, there are many changes which the body undergoes and it is not limited to the gynecologic system. A woman with PCOS may also find it difficult to conceive, and so, once she is pregnant, precautions are essential to ensure there are no complications.
With PCOS, during pregnancy, strict cautious diet planning can help in avoiding complications and allow for an easier pregnancy. Though they may not solve every problem associated with PCOS, dietary modifications can have a significant effect on the overall health and well-being. Listed below are some easy-to-make changes:
What to avoid:
Anything that can spike up calories and is of low nutritional value should be avoided.
PCOS in pregnancy presents a combination risk, and dietary changes and weight management are essential for a safe pregnancy. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women about 1 in 8 women in the USA develop invasive breast cancer. The incidence of breast cancer has increased with changes in lifestyle including smoking, drinking and loss of physical activity. The risk factors are age, ethnicity and family history cannot be changed. However, there are some risk factors that can definitely be acted upon to reduce the chances of developing breast cancer.
These will help reduce the risk of developing breast cancer, early detection, and improved prognosis.
There are certain changes that are noticed in the body post-pregnancy. One such change that might affect you is an overactive bladder. Usually, depending on the amount of liquid that goes into the body, an individual urinates eight to ten times a day. But post-pregnancy this statistic might increase to around ten to twelve times a day. While urinating helps the body to get rid of excessive body wastes, extreme urinating would also get rid of the necessary minerals and liquid that the body requires for its proper functioning. However, overactive bladders are quite common in women who have delivered and can be treated smoothly. Here are some of the top ways in which you can treat your overactive bladder post your pregnancy:
Losing Weight: A woman gains a lot of weight post pregnancy. This weight needs to be reduced through simple exercises and a proper balanced diet. Reduction of the post pregnancy weight helps in controlling the overactive bladder to a certain extent.
Avoiding Alcohol, Spicy and Acidic Food: Alcohol, spicy and acidic food actually creates havoc in the excretory system. Their compounds are such that these enable the body to get rid of water and necessary elements from the body. In fact, the power of urine itself is reduced, making discharging urine with high water content. This would make you more thirsty resulting in over-urinating at times. Similar conditions arise in the body when you consume coffee which contains caffeine and chocolate. Although, having a little bit of chocolate now and then does not really affect the system to quite an extent.
Exercises: Each exercise is carefully tuned to help a particular part of the body. For reducing the over activeness of your bladder, pelvic exercises are the best that you can carry out even for thirty minutes a day. Exercises would help you to remain active, shed the excess weight as well as manage your urination.
Avoid Smoking: Out of the many health hazards that arise out of smoking, one of them is the extreme urge to urinate often after pregnancy. Thus, to avoid over urination it is advised to refrain from smoking for some time.
Thus, these are some of the easiest ways to control the situation. In case you are embarrassed to go out in the public like this, you can always use incontinence pads. However, if the problem persists even after trying out all the said methods, then it would be in your best interest to take expert advice from the doctors.
The heart is one part of your body that pumps blood relentlessly; to be grateful to the most important organ, it’s your duty to look after its health. Cardiovascular diseases and heart ailments can be prevented by making minor changes in your lifestyle.
Here are a few tips to keep your heart healthy: