Normal things like resisting disease and growth becomes difficult in a person having malnutrition. Learning abilities reduce and doing physical work is harder. Pregnancy has risks involved and breast milk might not be adequate or nourishing enough. Malnutrition chances increase if the food isn’t adequate or nourishing enough. Even though the food might be sufficient to eat, malnourishment might be there if the micronutrients (minerals and vitamins) aren’t sufficient for the daily needs. Malnutrition and disease are linked closely.
Disease may often be the outcome of malnutrition or even the cause of it. According to the UN, malnutrition is the single biggest cause of disease all over the world. Early age linked malnutrition reduces mental and physical development in childhood. Stunted growth is a huge problem and is linked to malnutrition in developing nations. Deficiency of iodine in diet is the biggest cause of mental problems and retardation. School performance is affected due to undernutrition and affects children later in their adulthood as it results in lower income. Women birth low weight babies due to malnutrition.
The four types of malnutrition which a person might suffer from are given below:
People from all parts of the world are affected by the condition of malnutrition. This condition can occur because of medical, economic, and environmental conditions. Some of the common causes of malnutrition are inclusive of the following:
Given below is the list of top food products which are best for malnutrition:
There are several diseases and chronic health conditions which can be developed due to malnutrition. Some of the long term effects of malnutrition are inclusive of diabetes, heart disease, and obesity. A recent study which was conducted on 50 adolescents revealed that boys who have stunted growth are because of the result of the malnutrition in their early life. These adolescents also gained fat 5 per cent more in comparison to their peers.
As per one of the study individuals with stunted growth have greater chances of developing high blood pressure in comparison to individuals without stunted growth. It has been revealed in one of the researches that if in the early years of childhood a child is malnourished then it can lead to the changes in the metabolism which increases the risk of development of chronic disease later in life. As the long term effects of malnutrition may enhance the chances of certain disease thus, preventing and treating this condition is of utmost importance.