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Malnutrition - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What happens in Malnutrition?

Normal things like resisting disease and growth becomes difficult in a person having malnutrition. Learning abilities reduce and doing physical work is harder. Pregnancy has risks involved and breast milk might not be adequate or nourishing enough. Malnutrition chances increase if the food isn’t adequate or nourishing enough. Even though the food might be sufficient to eat, malnourishment might be there if the micronutrients (minerals and vitamins) aren’t sufficient for the daily needs. Malnutrition and disease are linked closely. Disease may often be the outcome of malnutrition or even the cause of it. According to the UN, malnutrition is the single biggest cause of disease all over the world. Early age linked malnutrition reduces mental and physical development in childhood. Stunted growth is a huge problem and is linked to malnutrition in developing nations. Deficiency of iodine in diet is the biggest cause of mental problems and retardation. School performance is affected due to undernutrition and affects children later in their adulthood as it results in lower income. Women birth low weight babies due to malnutrition. The malnutrition types depend on what kind of nutrients aren’t present in the daily intake of food, at what age-group and the duration. Protein-energy malnutrition is the basic most type. It’s a diet without protein and energy due to absence of the major macronutrients like fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Marasmus can make you look skeletally thin and results from a deficit in protein and energy. In extreme situation, it might cause kwashiorkor, where the malnutrition leads to swelling and there is appearance of a ‘moon face’.

Types of Malnutritions :

Other types of malnutrition are less common and have lesser manifestations, but that doesn’t mean they are any less grave. They result from mineral and vitamin deficiencies and may lead to scurvy, anemia, xeropthalmia, beri beri, pellagra and eventually death. The starting two years in a child’s life is a critical and serves as an opportunistic window. Irreversible damage can be prevented in this window period that precedes the initial childhood nutrition. Thus this time frame is essential for providing adequate nutrition.

There are mainly two ways of eliminating malnourishment:

  • Maintaining the quantity and quality of food and liquid nourishment a person has.
  • Providing enough health care and a nourishing and wholesome environment.
Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Short height and delyed growth Muscular wasting Fatigue and dizziness Loss of weight Weakness in muscles

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I have to improve my albumin count pleasae send me the details of food intake I am a vegetarian but I eat eggs.

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Table of Content

What happens in Malnutrition?

Types of Malnutritions :

There are mainly two ways of eliminating malnourishment:

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