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Overview

Underweight: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Underweight is a condition when a person’s body weight is lower than the standard weight according to his age and height. The Body Mass Index (BMI) of an underweight person is below 18.5. Such a person is not considered to be healthy. A person may be underweight due to genetics, metabolism, drug overuse, eating disorder, a chronic ailment or lack of food (due to poverty). Being underweight can cause many problems in daily life routine like lack of physical stamina. It reduces your immunity and thus makes you prone to catching more infections. Underweight condition in women may lead to amenorrhea (absence of menstruation) or infertility. The treatment for underweight condition is quite uncomplicated. It starts with eating healthy food and exercising regularly.

How is the treatment done?

If you are underweight, you are advised to eat small nutritious meals at least six times a day. Your diet should include whole grain bread, cereal, fruits and vegetables, dairy products, nuts and seeds, cheese, scrambled eggs, fish and chicken. Avoid eating junk. Junk food is not just responsible for making people fat. It could also be responsible for not letting your weight to increase. If you feel hungry in between meals, try to have yogurt, granola bars, dry fruits, peanut butter etc. have at least 6-8 glasses of water every day. It hydrates your skin and helps your body to flush out the junk. Only eating healthy may not help if you are not indulging in physical activities. Exercise will increase your appetite. Strength training will help you gain muscle weight. You should quit smoking as well as consumption of alcohol and drugs.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If your Body Mass Index is less than 18.5, you are underweight.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Not every person with a lean figure is underweight. If your Body Mass Index is between 18.5 and 24.9, you are normal.

Are there any side effects?

Overeating in an attempt to gain weight may result in diarrhoea. Exercising too much may result in soreness. Do not try to do all the things at once. Start slowly and proceed step by step.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You must continue to follow the routine you have set for yourself. Quitting once you have achieved a normal BMI will not help. You might end up losing weight again.

How long does it take to recover?

Getting over underweight condition depends on your determination and the effort that you put in. It may take about 3-4 months if a proper routine is followed without fail.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

You can get over underweight condition free of cost if you just have the mental strength to do so. In extreme cases, you may need the assistance of a dietician or a physical trainer. The costs may vary accordingly.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results can be permanent if you keep following the set pattern. If you get back to your old ways as soon as you gain weight, the condition may worsen.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives to the treatment just to eat well and healthy along with exercising regularly.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 1,500 - Rs 3,000

Popular Health Tips

Obesity - Know The Major Causes Behind It!

BHMS, PG Diploma In Clinical Cosmetology (PGDCC) & PGDMT
Homeopath, Calicut
Obesity - Know The Major Causes Behind It!

Maintaining the ideal body weight throughout life is vital, since being either overweight or underweight can lead to an array of health issues. Obesity is the condition where a person weighs considerably more than their ideal body weight. Millions of people across India are obese and poor diet and lifestyle choices are to be blamed for the same. The absence of any regular physical activity is another factor responsible for obesity.

Here is a look at some of the most common causes of obesity along with a few of its symptoms.

Causes of Obesity
Obesity is caused when extra energy, in the form of calories, remain in the body. This energy gets deposited in the body in the form of fats. Often people who consume more calories than they require in a day and those who do not work out regularly are at a greater risk of suffering from obesity.

In fact, the two major points of concern include the activity level of the patient and the diet that he/she maintains. A person looking to prevent obesity or weight gain needs to incorporate only two things into his routine. These include-

  1. Activity- If you are involved in a sedentary job and do not get much opportunity to get up and stretch your legs throughout the day, ensure that you exercise regularly. This may include simple free-hand exercises or a workout session at the gym. When you sweat it out, your body burns the excess calories.
  2. Diet- Consuming fresh fruits and vegetables can bolster the immune system and provide the body with the needed fibre content. However, snacking on fast foods and sweets does the opposite.

Symptoms of Obesity
Obesity is a state of the body determined on the basis of body weight. Obese people do not suffer directly due to their weight. However, after staying obese for a long period of time, the body may start to develop other related conditions, such as diabetes and heart ailments. Obesity may also be linked to certain psychological disorders, such as depression and anxiety.

Role of Homeopathy Against Obesity
Homeopathy is a dependable form of treatment against obesity. Clinical research indicates that certain homeopathic remedies for overweight individuals act as fat burners in the body. They act by enhancing the metabolic rate of the body. This not only increases the rate at which fat is burned, but also improves digestion. Homeopathy looks to rectify the underlying problem, rather than cure the symptoms alone. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3130 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My son 11 years old .his weight only 23 kg. Have under weight problems. So I want to start this mostly high protein powder. This is useful to him pls tell me suggestions for weight gain?

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, Go for meditation to nourish your entire body to strengthen your cell & tissues improving your body in a healthy manner by conditioning your bones apart from medication. Take,  plenty of water to hydrate your body. Your diet be easily digestible ,high in protein-take  fish, eggs, chicken to energise your body. Take,  apples, carrots, potatoes, sweet- potatoes, milk,  almonds. Take, banana with hot milk in the breakfast. Add ghee in lunch. Go for aerobics. Take,  homoeopathic medicine: @ AlfalfaQ -10 drops,  thrice with little water. Avoid, junk food, ,alcohol & nicotine. Take,  care.
2 people found this helpful

What should be ideal kids weight for baby girl of 7 years? When it is considered underweight and for treatment? My child is 20 kg any supplements required?

BSc - Food Science & Nutrition, PGD in Sports Nutrition and Dietitics , Diabetes Educator
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Hello, She should be ideally weighing 20-24 kgs, but it depends on the height, bone weight etc. You cannot go by the numbers completely. Check her immunity, activity levels, her concentration etc. They are better parameters to judge. Feed her healthy homecooked meals.
1 person found this helpful

I have issues about my weight, as my hight 5'8" but still i'm of 55 kg. How can I increase it?

Nutrition - Management of Weight & Lifestyle Related Disorders
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Weight gain can be a time-consuming process. But you have to be patient and practice it correctly. You should take every 2 hourly meal and fix your meal timing and include good amount of nuts and High Proteins Like Eggs, lean meat, fish, skinless chicken, pulses, sprouts, and dairy products that rich sources of proteins. Please take fruit shakes (Like banana, mango) + 5-6 almonds and 1-2 walnuts.
2 people found this helpful

Hi, I want suggestion for my brother. His is 20 years old. But he is too slim and his weight is only 48 kg. So please suggest any medicine for his hunger or any food supplement.

BHMS
Homeopath, Hooghly
Don't alwyz go for medicines..tell him to join gym or have to do some exercise daily...jogging or walking also important..this will increase the metabolism and metabolic rate..tell him to take high protein...soaked chic peas and pea nuts...lots of green veggies...lots of fruits...plenty of water...walnuts,,almonds,,dates,,cashew...this will boost his health.
5 people found this helpful

I am not increasing my weight since 3 years I am habituated to masturbation those days.

BHMS
Sexologist, Mumbai
Masturbation is very natural and normal. It doesn't lead to weakness or any other health issues. Anything in excess causing addiction is harmful. Have regular exercises and maintain good hygiene. Eat healthy food vc ll help you gain weight.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Metabolic Surgery For Diabetes
Hi!

This is Dr. Tulip. I am a Bariatric and Laparoscopic Surgeon practicing at Dr. Tulip Hospital, 4th block, Koramangala.

Now this surgery for diabetes is called the metabolic surgery. This is done through tiny holes over the tummy so we need not cut open that tummy and what is done if we operate on the stomach and the small intestine. It is called the gastric bypass. So what is happening in the surgery? We divide the stomach into small portions and this small portion, a small pouch, is attached to the small intestine. Which means we are diverting the food directly from the small gastric pouch into the small intestine.

So majority part of the stomach and small intestine , who doesn't enter. How does this help us? Because we are by passing that second part of the deodenum the second part of the deodenum, the harmful factor, the deodenum factor is not released because this is released only when the food touches that part of the stomach of the intestine. Other thing is what we achieved by these bypass is, the food touches, reaches rather, this lower part of the small intestine which is called the idiom which is very early compared to normal and this causes release of the glp 1 hormone normally in three times more than normal.

Now, what happens by this? This hormone is very good for the pancreas it stimulates the pancreas and does define class starts working in a much better way and more insulin sensitization occurs. Normally in type 2 Diabetics we have insulin resistance. So by doing this bariatric surgery when we do the manipulation the hormones, Dipankar starts working better and the person gets out of insulin resistance. So much so that the very next day of surgery, the patient is totally out of diabetes. This is nearly like a wonderful but we do need to take care, we need to make sure the patient of the type 2 diabetic as good pancreatic reserve and is not underweight. We don't do the surgery for underweight people. The person should be either overweight and obese.
Play video
Treating Diabetes With A Proper Diet
I am Deepika Kohli. I am a femle nutritionist working with British Biologicals.I started my career with All India institute of Medical Sciences in a W.H.O. project. After that, I was working with chief dietician in Jeevan Anmol Hospital. Then with Faiser as diabetes educator. Then with Ebbot as a nutrition adviser. Presently I am dealing with all therapeutic diets like diabetic diets at LifeCare and Jeevan Anmol hospital as well.
Today, I will be talking about diabetes.
What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder in which a person is not able to utilise glucose completely. It s of 2 types. Type-1 diabetes and Type-2 diabetes.

Type-1 diabetes totally insulin dependent.

Type- 2 diabetes which is found in middle-aged and elderly persons, it is non-insulin dependent.

What are the causes of diabetes?

Causes can be genetic and be due to sedentary lifestyle, due to some increased weight (obesity). So, this can be managed through diets, drugs, education and exercise.
I ll be telling you dietary management of diabetes. A person who is diabetic should restrict their calories. If a patient is overweight, then I suggest them 20 kcal/kg body weight. It s these calories they have to take. And if the patient is underweight, then 40 kcal/kg body weight calories. And if the person is of ideal body weight, then 25 kcal/kg body weight is the calorie requirement for that patient. And protein should be 15- 20% of total calories. 25-30 gm of total calories should come from fat. But the fibre is very very important for a diabetic patient. Like fibre is a thing which gives satiety feeling to the patient s diet and along with that, it passes undigested from the small intestine to large intestine. Because a diabetic patient will feel very hungry during the day, so if we are giving small small amounts of salad, vegetables or thick vegetable soup along with fibre, so the patient will feel satiety and not feel hungry.

For consultation with me, you can fix an appointment with Lybrate, online and offline as well.
Play video
Premature Birth
Preterm Labor and Birth

Good Evening. I'm Dr. Lata Bhat. I'm a Neonatology and I take care of the developmental problems of children. So today I want to talk a bit about pre-term babies who're born before 36 weeks. Normal babies are born from 37-40 weeks of gestation after the mother becomes pregnant and babies who're born before 36 weeks have some problems. Babies who're born from 34-36 weeks donot have that much problem but those who're born before 34 weeks, especially those born below 28 weeks have lot of problems and especially babies who're less than 1.5kg or less than 1kg. But in good centers in India, like my center also, we do save babies, about 600 or 700 or 800gm babies and also thos born in about 25-26 weeks of gestation and there is a success rate of about 90%.

Now, globally about 15 million babies are born pre-term and out of this 25% are born in India. So imagine the burden of pre-term babies in India and the facilities that exist in India are abysmal as compared to the number of babies who're born pre-term, and we've to remember out of all the number of deliveries about 12.5% are born pre-term which is a huge number. About 27 million babies are born annually and out of this about 3.6 million babies are born pre-term.

So now considering the problem all the prospective parents and everybody should know what causes prematurity. Because however much educated a gynecologist maybe or a pediatrician maybe there is no full proof method to predict or prevent it but there are certain factors which contributes more to prematurity. So early recognition and timely transfer to higher center with better facilities is very important. Now in India it happens due to complex factors, it happens in poor people as well as rich people. Pregnancy in adoloscent people, whose womb is no yet ready to take babies or if the mother is underweight, there are recurrent infections in the mother, under-nutrition or impropoer nutrition, then substance abuse by the mother, in vitro fertilisation, if the mother has diabetes during pregnancy, mother has uncontrolled blood pressure during pregnancy, infections during pregnancy, especially urinary tract infection or genital infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

These are the conditions where we can definitely predict that baby can be born pre-term, and also in case of multiple pregnancies, especially if the mother has twins or triplets then risk of pre-term birth is more. Now stress also leads to pre-term birth. In the current lifestyle there is stress, everybody is career oriented so we're facing a lot of infertility, people are taking treatment for infertility, having in vitro fertilisation that is also leading to pre-term birth. Now, once we know there are a lot of factors how do we prevent it. First is prevention then comes treatment. For prevention, as I told you before conception we've to think that mother's nutrition should be good, she should be well nourished, mother's age should be appropiate, she should not be a teenager or an adolescent, that is more than 22-23yrs of age. Then pregnancy planning, birth spacing, then we've to think about preventing sexually transmitted diseases, we've to give vaccines which are recommended for adoloscents, then genetic counselling, screening for diabetes, if there is substance abuse you've to stop it, stop smoking, prevent stress and all these things. And also proper ante-natal care by a proper gynecologist where they screen for everything and do regular ultrasound examination of the mother and they train the mother to handle the pregnancy well

Now, despite doing everything if we're not able to avoid pre-term labour then one has to plan to deliver at a center where there are facilities, there is trained new born consultant who'll be attending the delivery and they have all the facilities to take care of the baby after birth. And supposing if sill the baby is born in a center where there are no facilities then a proper transport should be arranged. We should not just pick up the baby and shift to a center because temperature mainatainance is very important, we've to take care the baby is getting continuous glucose, baby is receiving oxygen and is properly transported. Even during transport if these things are not taken care of the baby's brain development can be affected. If transient dip of oxygen, even for a few seconds or for few minutes if the baby is not receiving any glucose or if there is very rigorous transport the baby can suffer haemorrahage in the brain.

So new born babies, especially a pre-term babies can be very very delicate and so transport should be done in a proper manner and then once you've gone to a center where they're saving babies, you've to first maintain the temperature, take care of the breathimg, if require breathing support, if require oxygen then maintanance of blood sugar, prevention of infections, hen regular screening to lok for the eye problems, brain problems and once the baby survives at the time of discharge these babies may stay in a hospital for a long time and after discharge you should listen carefully to what the doctor is telling because a proper follow up is what will give a quality outcome in the long run. Because we just don't want to save lives and give them long term problems like hearing, speech, vision or physical disability.

All these are preventable and to a certain extent correctable. If you follow properly the pediatrician and if possible the developmental pediatrician. So that's very important. So the take home message is try to prevent pre-term birth by knowing the factors which cause it and if its inevitable get your delivery done in a center that has facilities to take care of the pre-term babies and after the baby survives follow up all the instructions given by your doctor and pediatrician.

So, if you've any further doubts related to a pre-term baby or any baby you can consult me through librate.com where we can chat or telephonic conversation or you can contact me at Child Developmental Clinic which is at Poorvanchal Plaza, Shop No-106, Mayur Vihar, Phase-2.
Play video
Preconception Care
Hello friends,

I am Dr. Jayanti Kamat, director of Srishti Fertility Care Centre and Women's Clinic I am an IVF Consultant, an obstetrician and gynecologist practicing for the last 20 years.

So today I will be talking about preconception care, the birth of a child is equivalent to planting a tree where we prepare the soil and then sow the seeds and that's not all we have to give it time and nourishment as well. In India, 70% of the pregnancies are unplanned this is occurred by a chance nobody plans for it just happens by itself. So these unplanned pregnancies can cause a lot of problems for both the mother and the baby. People still feel in India that we have to go to the gynecologist in the 7 months of pregnancy ke saatve mahine mein naam dalwane ka hai taki they have to go to the hospital to book themselves for delivery. This concept is not right, we all believe that healthy women make healthy babies so you have to make your body a safe place for your future baby to thrive. So first and foremost is you have to do a lot of introspection about yourself I will talk about age, so today there are a lot of women who are in the workforce they keep postponing the marriage and even if they are married they postpone the childbearing. Why is this a problem because what happens is has a woman grows older her fertility potential keeps on decreasing, her capacity to produce eggs decreases in addition to that the quality of the eggs also decreases. Moreover, if a woman conceives at a later age she has a lot of problems during the pregnancy such as pregnancy-induced hypertension, diabetes, preterm labor, difficult labor, there can be complications in the baby as well, the baby can be born premature or there is an increased incidence of congenital defects in the baby. So, women, today are not aware of all days they feel after they finish all commitments they can think about childbearing. Now when it comes to preconceptions you have to plan 3 months before your actually planning to conceive, so if you have any medical conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, seizure disorder or fit disorders, asthma, anaemia, so all these things have to be taken care of and get treated before you even plan to conceive. So don't just conceive preconceive. Then the next is medications ok, so some medication may be quiet safe during pregnancy, some medications are an absolute no-no during pregnancy because they may cause birth defects in the baby and some medications their doses need to be adjusted so as not affect the foetus. So you must be aware of all these things and you have to consult your treating physician and tell him or her that you are planning to conceive and whether the medication can be adjusted and the doses can be adjusted. The next is immunization, usually by this age women are more or less immune to all diseases but if she gets tested for rubella or she is not immunised to rubella then she should get immunised in this period, other immunizations are like Hepatitis B and chickenpox or varicella zoster is equally important because if the women contact these diseases during pregnancy, it is going to be very difficult. Then comes to the lifestyle factors, what are the lifestyle factors your food habits so if you have used to junk food you have to stop eating junk food, eat a very healthy diet, then exercise also exercise reduces the stress level and the fit women will be able to manage her labour pains in a better way. Now coming to weight issues, even if a person woman is underweight she has problem during pregnancy she can give rise to a growth retarded baby and if a woman is overweight before pregnancy again that also can lead to problems because every woman will put on certain weight during pregnancy that is normal that is physiological, but if a woman is overweight before pregnancy she has to compact her weight which is normal for her height by following a sensible diet and exercise regime because if she is overweight she is more prone for pregnancy complications like PIS or Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, diabetes, difficult labour etc. When they are planning to conceive you should also supplement takes supplements of Folic acid .4 milligram along with other multivitamins because this will help to prevent any neural defects because spine is the first thing which is formed in the body, so if there is deficiency of Folic acid there could be a problem in the sign of the baby. Last but not the least men also matter, preconceptional care is not definitely restricted to women alone men have to take care of themselves because their overall health will reflect on the sperm. So a man also has to take control or give up smoking and excessive alcohol or substance abuse, decrease stress levels and inculcate healthy food habits and exercise into its regime. So when it comes to substance abuse suppose a woman is used to smoking or alcohol she has to control this the smoking can have a detrimental effect on the baby, you have to even think about your work life balance how we are going to adjust once the baby comes and develop a good support system as well. You even have to think about your finances and have a proper financial planning in place before you have a baby. Then coming to a family history, family history is whether anybody in your family has had a congenitally abnormal child or whether there is any disease which runs in the family, for example, Thalassemia and your previous reproductive history, that suppose you have an abortion or repeated abortions so these things also have to be taken care off. Then your menstrual history, now menstrual history is very closely related to your fertility status so you have to keep a track of your menses. Nowadays we have so many apps which help you to keep a track you have to note whether your menses are regular or irregular if they are irregular that means that you are not ovulating properly it could be PCOS as well, then coming to the menstrual flow is it very scanty or very less or is it more, so if it is more if it is associated with pain it could mean that you could have a fibroid or suppose you have a very painful menses or you have pain which stops just before menses, it could mean you are suffering from endometrosis or a pelvic inflammatory disease. In spite of following all these precautions if a couple cannot conceive after one year they need to seek the services of a fertility specialist and if the women's age is more than 32 years and even if she's married for less than six months she has to get a fertility status evaluated and seek the help of the fertility specialist.

So friends don't conceive preconceived and before you think of a baby please do plan for it so that you can avoid complications during pregnancy, during labor and can have a healthy and bubbly child, happy parenting.

If you have any queries contact me on Lybrate.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice