Characterized by the inability to conceive, infertility is a condition of both male and female reproductive systems. Infertility is defined by a couple’s inability to conceive within a time period of 12 months or more. Infertility may be caused due to numerous possible reasons in both men and women. Still in some cases, determining the exact cause of infertility may not be possible.
Infertility is of two main types of infertility:
Infertility may have no definite visible symptoms, except the inability to conceive. Infertility symptoms may also depend on the cause. In case of women, for example, a few symptoms of infertility are:
And male infertility symptoms may include:
A light period could indicate a uterine lining too thin to withstand a pregnancy. Light periods are also linked to menstrual problems such as polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS. Although generally a light period is nothing to worry about and if you’ve always had a light flow, chances of it affecting your pregnancy are lesser. However, it is always better to consult a medical expert to help determine the cause of a lighter than average flow.
There are a number of factors that may result in infertility in both men and women.
Infertility in women may be caused by a number of reasons, such as:
Male infertility is also connected to a number of possible causes, such as:
Other contributing factors, regardless of gender, include excessive alcohol or drug intake, excessive smoking, excessive weight gain or weight loss, excessive pollutants in the environment, and other environmental and lifestyle aspects.
Masturbation does not affect the fertility of either male or female reproductive systems. Regardless of the myths about infertility, frequent masturbation is unlikely to affect your ability to reproduce.
There are surprisingly numerous ways to make simple changes to your lifestyle and work on making your reproductive health better. A few pointers to keep in mind when preventing infertility are:
If you’re having trouble conceiving, here are a few tips to that might help:
Here are a few things to not do if you’re having trouble with conception.
Before your doctor or clinic tests you for infertility, your sexual habits and lifestyle is reviewed wherein ways to improve your possibilities of conception may be recommended.
The unfortunate aspect of infertility treatment is that they are generally expensive and are not covered by medical plans. Lastly, infertility treatment does not guarantee that conception occurs completely successfully.
In a sufficiently fertile male, the sperm produced by the testicles is healthy with a high sperm count and has the ability to go through ejaculation and travel to the egg. In the case of women, fertility depends on the health quality of the egg, firstly. The reproductive tract must also be capable of allowing the egg to pass through the tubes, implant with the lining, and fertilize with the sperm.
Specific tests for infertility in males include:
Specific tests for infertility in females include:
Some complications that may crop up while treating infertility are:
As with any medical procedure, complications are always involved. It is important to know the risk factors and have an experienced medical professional by your side when opting for infertility treatment. At Pristyn Care, our medical professionals take care to the last detail to avoid all complications connected to medical procedures.
Besides specific treatment, there are things one can try from home to increase their chances of conception. Certain foods have been useful as home remedies in boosting fertility in both men and women since ages, a few of which are:
A few food items to indulge in which are said to affect fertility positively are:
A few foods to avoid if you think you may be infertile, are:
With the help of modern technology, there are numerous ways to aid those suffering from infertility. It is assumed that only the individual who is proven to be infertile goes through infertility treatment, however that is not always the case. There are times when both partners go through a combination of treatments together. The treatment plan that is best for you depends on the specific situation and the cause of infertility.
Infertility treatments include fertility drugs that aid the body’s ovulation and hormone production. At times, this may be combined with surgical procedures, the most common of which are:
Infertility treatments that are medical in nature are the best choice for couples who have been unsuccessful in getting pregnant. A few methods of treating infertility without surgery are:
A few of the best medicines to treat infertility in India are:
Infertility surgery is much safer and hassle-free as compared to the past, all thanks to today’s modern science of assisted reproductive technology ART. The most common ART is the following:
This procedure is commonly used as a male infertility treatment, where the sperm count may be low or the sperm may be slow and low quality. It is also used to help female fertility by transporting the sperm successfully despite issues such as thick cervical mucus.
This procedure can be used to treat both male and female infertility by surgically correcting bodily abnormalities, such as blockages and scarring from endometriosis, which may be the cause of infertility. Reproductive surgery includes laparoscopic surgery for blocked fallopian tubes.
Surrogates, or gestational carriers, is the name given to women who go through the pregnancy for someone else who can’t. The surrogate goes through IUI or IVF to conceive, or in some cases, uses donor eggs or sperm.
This procedure is generally used for infertility in women, due to issues such as old age, scarring from endometriosis, or other such causes. It involves a multi-step process that involves the extraction of the eggs from the uterus and then fertilizing them in a lab. Once fertilized, the embryos are surgically implanted into the uterus.
The cure for infertility depends on its cause. It can be cured with the help of numerous infertility treatments, including medicational treatments and surgical procedures such as IVF. However, infertility can recur and come back later in life even after conceiving once.
Infertility treatment generally is expensive as it includes multiple consultations with specialists, medication, and at times even comprehensive surgical procedures. Infertility treatment conducted with the help of oral medication may be comparatively less, with medication like clomiphene at the cost of Rs.100 per strip.
On the other hand, a surgical procedure such as laparoscopy to remove blockages in the fallopian tubes may have an average cost of more than Rs.20,000. An Intrauterine Insemination procedure is comparatively more affordable with the average cost at Rs. 10,000. More comprehensive procedures cost more. The average cost of a single IVF cycle may lie between Rs.2.75 - 4 Lakhs, Gamete Intrafallopian transfer may have an average cost of Rs. 10 - 14 Lakhs, and Intracytoplasmic sperm injection has an average cost of Rs.4 - 5 Lakhs.
Depending on the cause of the infertility, infertility can be permanently cured using various methods, such as medication, physical therapy, or surgical procedures. On the other hand, it may be permanent in some cases.
As of present times, anyone who is facing issues with conception can seek infertility treatment. However, this might not always be the case every time and consulting a medical expert is highly recommended to come to the best possible choices to make to treat difficulties in conception.
As with most treatments, there are ones that might not suit you. For example, if you suffer from medical issues such as fibroid tumors or uterine abnormalities, IVF is not a viable treatment option. It is recommended to consult your doctor to chalk out the options and risks involved.
Going through extensive infertility treatments can be taxing on the body and mind. Here are some post-treatment guideline to follow:
It is important to consult your doctor before consuming any infertility drugs. Infertility medication is meant to treat specific disorders, which is why it is crucial to know which one is right for your body. However, there are still times when side effects of infertility treatment may crop up. The most common side effects include:
There are several challenges surrounding infertility. Your relationships and emotional well-being may be affected. Treatments for infertility can be expensive and put a burden on your budget. The underlying cause of infertility can be identified by a doctor. This first step assists in determining the best course of action to enable you to successfully start a family. Nine out of ten couples who get fertility treatments become pregnant. Success rates change based on the infertility's underlying reason, the couple's age, and other factors. The majority of couples eventually have children, while some choose adoption. It is best to consult a medical professional for further options.