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Health Benefits of Stinging Nettle, Uses And Its Side Effects

About Stinging Nettle Advantage Nutritional Information of Stinging Nettles Stinging Nettle Health Benefits Stinging Nettle Uses & Benefits Stinging Nettle Side Effects Stinging Nettle Origin & Cultivation Practices
Health Benefits of Stinging Nettle, Uses And Its Side Effects

Despite the reputation that it has for ‘stinging’ and promoting pain, the stinging nettle has a huge variety of health benefits. It has antimicrobial, antioxidant, astringent, anti-ulcer and analgesic capabilities, thus making it a very beneficial plant that treats several conditions.

The stinging nettle plant has been most commonly used throughout history as a diuretic, as well as for treating conditions such as painful muscles, eczema, arthritis, anemia and gout. In modern medicine, it is often used to treat urinary issues, joint pain, and allergies.

Stinging Nettle

The stinging nettle is a herbaceous flowering plant which is a subspecies of, and belongs to the Urtica genus. The stinging nettle is a small plant and it rarely grows past five feet in height, but have numerous of health benefits.

The stinging nettle plant has stinging hairs called trichomes on their leaves and stems, which, when touched by humans, injects chemicals such as histamine into the human body, thus giving it the name ‘stinging nettle’. It is also due to this very reason that this plant also has colloquial names such as burn nettle, burn weed and burn hazel.

Nutritional Value of Stinging Nettle

While the name ‘stinging nettle’ often makes it seem like it cannot be consumed, that is not true. This plant actually offers great nutritional value. A single cup of blanched stinging nettles comprises of 37 calories, and 0.1 grams of fat.

Stinging nettle has no sodium, fat, cholesterol, or sugar in it, but it provides a substantial amount of carbohydrates and protein. One cup of stinging nettle contains 2.4 grams of protein and 6.6 grams of carbohydrates. Stinging nettles also have minerals such as potassium, iron and silica.

Nutritional facts Per 100 Grams

42 Calories
0.1 g Total Fat
4 mg Sodium
334 mg Potassium
7 g Total Carbohydrate
2.7 g Protein

Vitamins and Minerals

40 % Vitamin A
0.48 Calcium
8 % Iron
5 % Vitamin B-6
40 % Magnesium

Health Benefits of Stinging Nettle

Health Benefits of Stinging Nettle

An amazing plant with lots of nutritional benefits but do not touch with bare hands. Mentioned below are the best health benefits of Stinging Nettle. Nettle plant parts can be used in various ways, its root, and leaf used for medicinal purposes. You can easily find stinging nettle tea in your local markets.

Helps in detoxification

The stinging nettle has a huge variety of nutrients in it, thus making it an ideal natural detoxifier. It helps cleanse the body of all toxins. It is a diuretic substance, which means that it can not only cleanse toxins from the body

Stinging nettle also ensure that any toxins that are being neutralized in the body are eliminated from the body as quickly as possible. Stinging nettles also help stimulate the lymphatic system, thus helping the body to get rid of excess toxins from the kidneys.

Stinging nettle aids in pregnancy

The stinging nettle has often been recommended to women who undergo extremely painful labour. The stinging nettle acts as a coagulant, thus helping precent excessive bleeding.

Additionally, nettle has been proven very effective in helping to stimulate the production of milk in the body of a woman, thus making lactation easier for the mother as well as for the infants.

Stinging nettle improves blood circulation

Stinging nettle has a high content of iron and vitamin C, thus making it ideal for helping stimulate production and growth of red blood cells, which consequently improves blood circulation in the body.

The presence of Vitamin C in stinging nettle helps increase uptake of iron by the body, and since iron is an essential compound present in hemoglobin, blood circulation is drastically improved. Also, with the increase in RBC count, healing of wounds speed up, and the body receives oxygenation essential for boosting overall energy levels.

Stinging nettle improve feminine health

Stinging nettle has often been shown to alleviate painful menstrual symptoms such as cramping and bloating. It also helps decrease premenstrual symptoms. Stinging nettle helps decrease blood flow during menstruation due to its capabilities as an astringent.

It is also administered to women undergoing menopause, as it acts as a restorative, and thus smooths the transition process, so the shift in hormones is not as drastic as it otherwise would have been.

Stinging nettle improves kidney and gallbladder health

Stinging nettle is essentially a diuretic, and has nephritic qualities, which means that it can easily break down stones in the gall bladder and the kidneys. This ensures that pain is reduced as much as possible.

In case the stones have to be surgically removed, stinging nettle is often used to reduce pain and inflammation issues. Since it is a diuretic, stinging nettle helps prevent bladder infections and retention of excess fluid in the body.

Anti-inflammatory properties of stinging nettle

Stinging nettle is a rubefacient substance, and a stimulant, which is why it acts as an effective agent against inflammatory conditions such as muscle pain or arthritis. Research has proven that stinging nettle helps effectively treat conditions such as gout. It also helps alleviate muscle pain, and reduces symptoms of arthritis.

Stinging nettle treats respiratory problems

Stinging nettle helps in the treatment of quite a large number of respiratory conditions such as asthma, hay fever, and other seasonal allergies. If used in combination with certain other extracts, stinging nettle can help in the reduction of allergic reactions in patients suffering from various kinds of allergies.

Stinging nettle keeps your heart healthy

With regular consumption, stinging nettle can successfully lower systolic blood pressure, thus making sure the heart remains healthy and fit for a longer period of time. A decrease in systolic blood pressure means that there is a lesser amount of stress and tension on the cardiovascular system.

Stinging nettle improves health of the prostate

As men age, problems related to prostate enlargement and other diseases of the prostate become widespread. Stinging nettle can help prevent prostate growth due to its chemical composition.

In case the disease has set in and cannot be prevented anymore, even in such cases, stinging nettle can reverse the condition effectively, thus treating any and all prostate problems.

Stinging nettle improves gastrointestinal health

Supplements made from the stinging nettle extract such as tea are often taken to help reduce nausea, diarrhea and other gastrointestinal problems. Stinging nettle can also help soothe hemorrhoids and ulcers.

Stinging nettle remedies for skin care

Stinging nettle has been proven to effectively treat and reduce the appearance of acne. It can also prevent bacterial infections. Due to the fact that it has antioxidant properties, stinging nettle can help speed healing of wounds as well as reduce the appearance of blemishes and scars. It also promotes anti-aging by helping reduce wrinkles and age spots.

Uses of Stinging Nettle

Stinging nettle is a health-boosting herb that has a variety of amines, flavonoids, lignans, minerals, and vitamins A, B2, C and K. It has been used for hundreds of years as an effective treatment for muscle and joint pains, and for the treatment of diseases such as gout and arthritis.

Certain extracts of the stinging nettle have been found to be very effective in treating conditions such as diarrhea, edema, and other prostate and urinary disorders. It is often used directly on the hair as an effective treatment against dandruff, as well as to add shine to the hair.

Stinging nettle can also be used as a herbal remedy in the treatment of hay fever, as this plant possesses the ability to reduce production of histamine in the body.

Side-Effects & Allergies of Stinging Nettle

The stinging nettle does not generally have any side effects if taken in doses directed by the doctor. However, occasional side effects may include mild stomach upset, diarrhea, nausea, fluid retention, rash and sweating.

It is very important to administer caution while handling the plant, because touching it bare handed can cause allergic rashes and reactions.

Cultivation of Stinging Nettle

The stinging nettle has its origins in the cold regions of Asia and Northern Europe. Today, however, this plant grows all over the world. The stinging nettle need soil rich in nitrogen for its growth, and can mostly be found in areas that are not very well tended to, such as gardens, lawns and other areas such as construction sites. This plant can also be found in areas with moderate forest coverage, as well as open meadows.

  • Jakubczyk K, Janda K, Szkyrpan S, Gutowska I, Wolska J. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.)--botanical characteristics, biochemical composition and health benefits. Pomeranian journal of life sciences. 2015;61(2):191-8. [Cited 26 June 2019]. Available from:
  • Ngugi CC, Oyoo-Okoth E, Mugo-Bundi J, Orina PS, Chemoiwa EJ, Aloo PA. Effects of dietary administration of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) on the growth performance, biochemical, hematological and immunological parameters in juvenile and adult Victoria Labeo (Labeo victorianus) challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish & shellfish immunology. 2015 Jun 1;44(2):533-41. [Cited 26 June 2019]. Available from:
  • Jan KN, Singh S. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.): a reservoir of nutrition and bioactive components with great functional potential. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization. 2017 Jun 1;11(2):423-33. [Cited 26 June 2019]. Available from:

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 55 years old and suffering with enlarged prostrate. Any suggestions please. Also suggest something home remedial.

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Natural Home Remedies For BPH: Sitz Bath. A sitz bath is an old fashioned method that really works when it comes to soothing an enlarged prostate. ... Stinging Nettle. Stinging nettle leaves may cause sharp, intense pain, but its extract has benef...
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मुझे 5 दिन से टोयलेट की समस्या हो रही है. बिलकुल भी टोयलेट ही नही हो रहा है तो कृपया उसका इलाज बताये.

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
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Causes: The most common cause of urinary hesitancy in older men is an enlarged prostate. Almost all older men have some trouble with dribbling, weak urine stream, and starting urination. Another common cause is infection of the prostate or urinary...

I have a problem of sneezing I the morning right after waking up in the morning from almost 6 months. As soon as I open my eyes in the morning sneezes are started back to back 14-16. I suspect I have some kind of allergy but I don't know why it happens only in the morning. Kindly let me know if I need to visit a physician or need some kind of tests done.

Sexologist, Noida
Have Stinging Nettle to Stop Sneezing. Serve yourself a Cup of Chamomile Tea to Stop Sneezing. Consume Vitamin C to Stop Sneezing. Inhale Steam to Relieve Sneezing. Use Peppermint Oil to Stop Sneezing. Lavender Oil too Stops Sneezing.
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My father have a high creatinine value 1.81. How to reduce the creatinine Value to normal level. What are the problems will occur if the creatinine value is high. Is it a major illness?

Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
If your creatinine is high than cut down whole cereals, nuts and green leafy vegetables first. If this will remain high it cause gout and joint pains, ostopenia problem, troffe problem.
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Written By
PhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child Care
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B.Sc (Home Science), Post Graduation Diploma in Dietetics and Public Health Nutrition
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