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Overview

Benefits of Sodium And Its Side Effects

Sodium is one of the most important electrolytes needed for the regulation of blood. The absence of this important electrolyte can result in the impairment of different bodily functions. It is one of the most versatile elements occurring in more than eighty varieties. It regulates the body fluids and also transmits electric impulses within the human body. Dissimilar to the other minerals and vitamins, sodium is not affected by heat and can therefore be used in several preparations without the least damage to its effects. It is also one of the most significant constituents of nerves while it also helps in regulating muscle contractions. Briefly speaking, it is one of the most essentials elements required in human diet basically for cellular activity regulation and the proper functioning of the nervous system. it is necessary to have supplemental doses of sodium if you tend to suffer from adrenal insufficiency, have sunstroke or sweat profusely.

Benefits of Sodium And Its Side Effects

Table of Content

Sodium
Nutritional Value of Sodium
Health Benefits of Sodium
Regulates fluid
Balances ions
Prevents loss of water
Prevents cramps
Removes excess CO2
Develops the brain
Sufficient sodium
Improves teeth
Improves the skin
Prevents dryness
Neutralize toxins
Relieve heartburn
Uses of Sodium
Side-Effects & Allergies of Sodium
Origin And Cultivation of Sodium

Sodium

Sodium is one of the most important electrolytes and one of the most essential ions present in ECF or extracellular fluid. It has a pivotal role to play in muscle contraction and enzyme operations. It is necessary for fluid maintenance and osmoregulation within the body. Improved performance of the heart, improved glucose absorption and improved nervous system are the other important benefits of sodium. It can be described as a mineral that is present in small quantities in natural foods but in large quantities in processed foods for enhancing their flavor. It is basically a predominant ion that functions with bicarbonate and chloride for maintaining a balance of negative and positive ions in the tissues and fluids of the body. Table salt is the primary source of sodium.

Nutritional Value of Sodium

Table salt contains 40% sodium and therefore it is one of the most common dietary sources of sodium. One tablespoon of table salt consists of 2300 milligrams of sodium, the suggested maximum intake of sodium per day for a healthy adult. However, it is important for people with high blood pressure to limit their intake of sodium to 1500 milligrams every day. Healthy kids require 1000 to 1500 milligrams of sodium. Apart from table salt or common salt, the other important sources of sodium include canned soups, vegetables and processed meat like ham, sausage and bacon. The added varieties of sodium are monosodium glutamate, sodium nitrate, sodium saccharin, sodium benzoate and sodium bicarbonate. These are generally found in onion salt, soy sauce and garlic salt.

Health Benefits of Sodium

Mentioned below are the best health benefits of Sodium
Health Benefits of Sodium

Regulates fluid

Including sodium in one’s diet helps in regulating fluids outside the body cells. Sodium is needed for pumping fluids into the body cells. Sodium helps in facilitating fluid movement by way of the permeable membranes to areas that are high in their salt content. Thus, it can rightly be said that sodium in combination with chlorine helps in the prevention of loss of water from the human body.

Balances ions

Sodium along with bicarbonate helps in maintaining the right balance between negatively charged ions and positively charged ions. Therefore, sodium has an important role to play in maintaining the charge differential throughout the cell membranes. Thus, it enables the cells of the nerve to send messages while allowing the muscle cells to properly contract.

Prevents loss of water

Sunstroke is a problem that is caused due to the loss of water and salt from the human body. Because of this the human body is not able to maintain normal temperature due to constant exposure to high temperatures. Sunstroke can be prevented by having fluids that contain sugar and salt as they works by replacing the loss of important electrolytes

Prevents cramps

Muscle cramps are a result of dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. These are common during the summer season when temperatures seem to reach extreme heights. Sodium makes way for hydration and muscle contraction. Fluids and juices that are rich in their sodium content help in restoring electrolyte balance within the human body.

Removes excess CO2

Sodium is also of good help in removing excessive carbon dioxide that gets accumulated within the human body by way of excretion. This is probably one of the biggest advantages for the human body that comes from having sodium-rich fluids and drinks

Develops the brain

Sodium is one of the most important elements required for the proper development of the human brain and for the improvement of the functioning of the brain. Change in levels of sodium within the body have a direct effect on the brain resulting in confusion, dizziness and lethargy.

Sufficient sodium

Despite the fact that sodium is generally associated with high blood pressure yet it is worth noting that sodium in proper amount works great in maintaining the health of the human heart. Having sufficient sodium is necessary for keeping the heart health intact. Sodium possesses the ability of regulating nerve impulses that have a good influence on the heart. Sodium can also help in keeping nerve contractions normal further resulting in proper blood pressure.

Improves teeth

It is important to brush the teeth several times during the day for maintaining its proper condition. Teeth is likely to accumulate plaque and develop odour if it is not brushed in the proper manner. Sodium works great at cleansing the teeth and the mouth. The salt content of sodium helps in cleaning the mouth and the teeth. Sea salt or common salt can effectively be used as normal toothpaste for cleaning the teeth.

Improves the skin

Free radicals make the skin appear dull. There are many women who make use of anti-aging creams for fighting the signs of aging. Sodium is one of the most important ingredients found in anti-aging creams. This is because sodium helps in moisturizing the skin and in preventing the early signs of aging.

Prevents dryness

Sodium is widely used in soaps and shampoos as well. This is due to the fact that sodium possesses the ability of inhibiting the growth of pathogens because of its antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. It is also used in different baby care products as it reduces the function of the oily barrier of the skin resulting in dryness.

Neutralize toxins

Insect bites can result in itchiness and such conditions can easily be eliminated by making use of sodium. Sodium works by neutralizing skin toxins that helps in relieving itchiness.

Relieve heartburn

Sodium is also of good help in neutralizing stomach acid. It is also used in several over-the-counter products for helping relieve heartburn and indigestion

Uses of Sodium

Apart from being highly beneficial for the human body, sodium is also useful for other purposes. The most common use of sodium is in table salt form which is also called sodium chloride. Table salt is one of the most important seasoning ingredients in different dishes. Table salt also helps in faster healing. Cured meats and various other foods are effectively preserved using good amounts of table salt rich in its content of sodium. Baking soda which is also rich in its content of sodium is another useful ingredient found in kitchens. It is used as a leavening ingredient for pastries and cakes. There are other useful purposes served by sodium. When mixed with vinegar, it works in the form of an effective and fast-acting cleaning solution for almost anything.

Side-Effects & Allergies of Sodium

Excessive intake of sodium can result in high blood pressure and increased blood volume. Therefore, experts are of the view that people should always aim towards having a diet that is not very rich in its content of sodium. Consuming sodium in high amounts of sodium might cause dangerous fluid build-up in individuals with congestive heart failure, kidney disease and liver cirrhosis. It is always important for such individuals to have sodium in consultation with their doctor. Excessive sodium intake can result in memory loss as well. Despite the fact that sodium is an important nutrient in a balanced diet, it can result in hypertension and stomach cancer.

Origin And Cultivation of Sodium

Excessive intake of sodium can result in high blood pressure and increased blood volume. Therefore, experts are of the view that people should always aim towards having a diet that is not very rich in its content of sodium. Consuming sodium in high amounts of sodium might cause dangerous fluid build-up in individuals with congestive heart failure, kidney disease and liver cirrhosis. It is always important for such individuals to have sodium in consultation with their doctor. Excessive sodium intake can result in memory loss as well. Despite the fact that sodium is an important nutrient in a balanced diet, it can result in hypertension and stomach cancer.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir. Meri ek bhut buri aadat h ki m din m 3 bar hand practise krta hu. M es aadat ko leave krna chahta hu. Jo mujse ni ho rha. Is ki vajha se m bhut presan rhta hu. please help me. And tell me its side effects.

Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Kolkata
You have to try and leave this habit as it may effect your sexual life in future. Try and keep yourself busy. Spend more time with family and friends. Try not to keep yourself alone. The only way to stop this habit is practicing self control.
1 person found this helpful

I'm 29 n I've been masturbating very very very excessively since 11. Due to which I believed I've hindered my puberty because I've the same very small penis size which I had while I was 11. Actually as long as I can remember my 1st stage of puberty (ie enlargement of scotrum n small pubic hair started appearing) was taking place normally because I wasn't ejaculating semen n I didn't lost any minerals and vitamins. But by 12 when I started ejaculating I was loosing a lot of essential nutrients, minerals, vitamins etc. N I've learned it from a reliable source that each ejaculation contains about 3-5 mg of zinc, n zinc deficiency can hampers sexual maturation during puberty. And then I got so addicted that I've been masturbating throughout my life until recently ie in the month of August I decided to cut it down to the possible minimum extent. N in these 3 months I've masturbated just 7 times. N by now I'm already seeing some physical improvements like: .Continuation follows.

MD(Am)
General Physician, Secunderabad
Max twice a week. Masturbate Masturbation is a common activity. It’s a natural and safe way to explore your body, feel pleasure, and release built-up sexual tension. It occurs among people of all backgrounds, genders, and races. Despite the myths, there are actually no physically harmful side effects of masturbation. However, excessive masturbation can negatively impact your relationships and everyday life. Other than that, masturbation is a fun, normal, and healthy act. Keep reading to learn more about the side effects and potential health benefits of masturbation. Side effects of masturbation Masturbation doesn’t have any harmful side effects, though some people may feel guilty about masturbating or have issues with chronic masturbation. Masturbation and guilt Some people may feel guilty about masturbating because of cultural, spiritual, or religious beliefs. Masturbation is neither wrong nor immoral, but you may still hear messages that self-pleasure is “dirty” and “shameful.” If you feel guilty over masturbating, speak with someone you trust about why you feel this way and how you can move past that guilt. There are also therapists that specialize in sexual health and may be a good resource. Addiction to masturbation Some people can and do become addicted to masturbating. You may be spending too much time masturbating if masturbation causes you to: skip your chores or daily activities miss work or school cancel plans with friends or family miss important social events Being addicted to masturbation can have a negative impact on your relationships and other parts of your life. Masturbating too much may interrupt your work or studies, which can lower productivity. It may also hurt your relationships and friendships because you don’t spend as much time with your loved ones as you used to, or don’t pay attention to their needs. If you’re worried you may be addicted to masturbation, speak with your doctor or a counselor about ways to cut down on masturbating. Talk therapy can help you manage your addiction. You could also cut down by replacing masturbation with other activities. Next time you have an urge to masturbate, try: going for a run writing in a journal spending time with friends going for a walk Does masturbation cause a decrease in sexual sensitivity? For women who have sexual dysfunction, enhanced stimulation, including masturbation, can help increase sexual desire and sensitivity. In fact, two 2009 studies found that vibrator use among women and men has been linked to an increase in desire, arousal, and overall sexual function. Women also reported an increase in lubrication, while men reported better erectile function, according to the studies. Masturbation can affect sensitivity during sex for men because of their technique. Research has shown that too tight of a grip on a penis during masturbation can decrease sensation. Sexual health experts recommend changing your technique during masturbation to restore sensitivity levels during sex. Benefits of masturbation Masturbation is a healthy sexual activity that has many benefits for your physical and mental health. There are limited studies on the benefits of masturbation, but studies on sexual intercourse and anecdotal reports suggest that sexual stimulation, including stimulation through masturbation, may help you: relieve built-up stress sleep better boost your mood relax feel pleasure relieve cramps release sexual tension have better sex better understand your wants and needs Couples may also mutually masturbate to explore different desires, as well as avoid pregnancy. Self-pleasuring also helps you prevent sexually transmitted infection. Masturbation is a healthy, natural, and safe way to practice self-love and improve your health. Masturbating may have many benefits for your mind and body. Despite the possibility of addiction, there are no harmful side effects. You should feel free to enjoy self-pleasure without guilt or shame. Speak with a therapist or someone you trust about any negative feelings you have.
3 people found this helpful

Sir I am masturbating everyday. As per this cause body weight increased or any effect to came or not? Pls tell me doctor.

MBBS, MD - Social & Preventive Medicine / Community Medicine, Fellowship of european union of sexual medicine, Fellowship in diabetes
Sexologist, Chandrapur
No relation of body weight with masturbation. It hardly loses 50-100 calories thats equivalent to 1 roti.

Popular Health Tips

Antioxidants for Healthy Penis Skin

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Antioxidants for Healthy Penis Skin

Because many men think of their penis primarily in terms of its usefulness in sexual activities, they don't always remember that good penis health means more than taking steps to ensure a solid working erection. But in fact, there are many different aspects of penis health, including taking steps to ensure healthy penis skin, both for practical and aesthetic reasons. Part of keeping penis skin healthy involves incorporating antioxidants into the penis care routine.

What are antioxidants?

On a technical level, an antioxidant is a molecule that helps keep other molecules from getting oxidized. Oxidation, in turn, is a chemical process that creates something called free radicals, which then can cause damage to cells, such as skin cells. They can also contribute to heart disease, cancer and other health conditions. However, not all free radicals are bad, and a certain amount of them are useful. For example, oxidation is important in helping the liver detoxify food and the body to help fight certain bacteria.

On a more-than-molecular level, antioxidants refers to those vitamins, minerals and nutrients that have an ability to keep those free radicals (and the damage they do) at bay.

How do antioxidants help skin?

Many skin care products are rich in antioxidants, because keeping oxidative stress from damaging skin cells helps ensure the health of skin. There are many things that can damage the skin, both on the surface and on a more molecular level. The stronger the skin is on the molecular level, the better it is able to withstand attacks on the surface level.

How does a person get antioxidants?

The body itself makes some antioxidants and depends upon a healthy diet to help supplement those amounts. Some foods are richer sources of antioxidants than others. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the following are some foods particularly high in antioxidants:

- Goji berries

- Wild blueberries

- Dark chocolate

- Pecans

- Artichokes

- Elderberries

- Kidney beans

- Cranberries

- Blackberries

- Cilantro

And these are some of the herbs that are very good sources of antioxidants:

- Clove

- Cinnamon

- Oregano

- Turmeric

- Cocoa

- Cumin

- Dried parsley

- Basil

- Ginger

- Thyme

As mentioned earlier, many skin care products are also good sources of antioxidants. This can be especially important because skin that is damaged by free radicals can be vulnerable - and unattractive as well.

Free radical damage is one of the things that leads to skin looking prematurely aged. It can contribute to drying out and to the cracks, wrinkles and blemishes that can mar otherwise attractive skin.

This is as true of penis skin as it is of skin elsewhere on the body. Penis skin is naturally delicate, so that the organ is more readily receptive to friction and stimulation. This can also make it more susceptible to cracking and wrinkling. When cracks appear on the penis skin, they can also open up a pathway for bacteria to get inside, creating further penis health concerns.

For this reason, penis skin needs to be exposed to a healthy level of antioxidants. One way to help achieve this is through the daily application of a first rate penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Clearly, for it to be effective, the crème must include antioxidants. This can more readily be achieved if the crème contains vitamins A and C, as well as alpha lipoic acid. All three of these have antioxidant capabilities. Vitamin A has the added bonus of fighting bacteria that cause penis odor, while vitamin C also helps give penis skin its necessary tone and elasticity. Alpha lipoic acid has strong antioxidant properties on its own and also helps boost those of vitamin C.

4 people found this helpful

Health Benefits of Soybeans

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad

1.     Soybeans can help individuals control weight.

Soybeans have been known to suppress the appetite, helping people eliminate the chances of overeating that leads to obesity and other health related risks. Also, soybeans provide considerable amounts of protein, which can lead to weight gain when taken in large quantities. The weight obtained from soybeans could protect the individual from chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

2.     Soybeans can contribute to improving your sleep.

Soybeans have a high content of magnesium, which is a mineral that is directly linked to improving the quality, duration, and tranquillity of sleep. Soybeans also help regulate the metabolism, to help reduce sleep disorders and the occurrence of insomnia.

3.     Soybeans may help prevent and manage type 2 diabetes.

Soybeans have the ability to increase insulin receptors in the body. This helps the body to handle the disease effectively or prevents diabetes from forming at all.

4.     Soybeans can contribute to improving circulation and oxygenation.

Soybeans are rich in copper and iron. Both are essential for the red blood cell formation. Increased red blood cell production increases oxygen to the cells and improves the metabolic activity. This prevents conditions like anemia.

5.     Soybeans may help to improve your digestive health.

Fiber can help prevent constipation and stimulate the contractions of the smooth muscles that forces food through your system. This aids in preventing dangerous conditions like colorectal cancer.

6.     Soybeans can help decrease the risk of congenital disabilities.

Soybeans are rich in the B-vitamin complex, particularly in folic acid. Folic acid helps the body to make healthy red blood cells and prevents anemia. It is also important for maintaining rapid cell division and growth during infancy and pregnancy. A deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can lead to the birth of underweight infants and may also result in neural tube defects in newborns.

7.     Soybeans have a significant vitamin and mineral density.

Soybeans are an excellent source of calcium, magnesium, copper, selenium, and zinc. These have a role in preventing osteoporosis and help speed the bone healing process. 

1 person found this helpful

HIV and AIDS Are Not Same! See How It Differs From Each Other

MBBS, PG Diploma (HIV Medicines)
HIV Specialist, Surat
HIV and AIDS Are Not Same! See How It Differs From Each Other

What is HIV?

HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, which is our body’s natural defence against illness. The virus destroys a type of white blood cell in the immune system called a T-helper cell, and makes copies of itself inside these cells. T-helper cells are also referred to as CD4 cells.

As HIV destroys more CD4 cells and makes more copies of itself, it gradually breaks down a person’s immune system. This means someone living with HIV, who is not receiving treatment, will find it harder and harder to fight off infections and diseases.

If HIV is left untreated, it may take up to 10 or 15 years for the immune system to be so severely damaged it can no longer defend itself at all. However, the speed HIV progresses will vary depending on age, health and background.  

Basic facts about HIV

  • HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus.
  • There is effective antiretroviral treatment available so people with HIV can live a normal, healthy life.
  • The earlier HIV is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can start – leading to better long term health. So regular testing for HIV is important.
  • HIV is found in semen, blood, vaginal and anal fluids, and breast milk.
  • HIV cannot be transmitted through sweat, saliva or urine.
  • Using male condoms or female condoms during sex is the best way to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
  • If you inject drugs, always use a clean needle and syringe, and never share equipment.
  • If you are pregnant and living with HIV, the virus in your blood could pass into your baby’s body, or after giving birth through breastfeeding. Taking HIV treatment virtually eliminates this risk.

What is AIDS?

AIDS is not a virus but a set of symptoms (or syndrome) caused by the HIV virus. A person is said to have AIDS when their immune system is too weak to fight off infection, and they develop certain defining symptoms and illnesses. This is the last stage of HIV, when the infection is very advanced, and if left untreated will lead to death.

Basic facts about AIDS

  • AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
  • AIDS is also referred to as advanced HIV infection or late-stage HIV.
  • AIDS is a set of symptoms and illnesses that develop as a result of advanced HIV infection which has destroyed the immune system.
  • Treatment for HIV means that more people are staying well, with fewer people developing AIDS.

Although there is currently no cure for HIV with the right treatment and support, people with HIV can live long and healthy lives. To do this, it is especially important to take treatment correctly and deal with any possible side-effects.

3 people found this helpful

Acne - Is Laser/Light Procedure Beneficial?

Acne - Is Laser/Light Procedure Beneficial?

Acne is one of the major problems faced by teenagers and young adults. When active, acne causes burning and pain on the skin. Once they dry off, they leave the scars and marks. However, with advancement in cosmetic surgery, there are a number of options available which can make the scars disappear almost completely.

How is it done?

  1. Laser/light procedure is used in a number of skin conditions, in addition to acne scar treatment. During the procedure, a beam of intense light is focused on the skin, which removes the acne scar without damaging the surrounding tissue.
  2. Laser is used in all kinds of acne, such as papules, pustules, whiteheads, blackheads, cysts, and nodules. Acne is caused by bacteria, and when a beam of laser is applied, these get activated, which damages the bacterial wall and kills the bacteria. The reduced amount of bacteria also reduces the severity of the acne. Laser also helps reduce the amount of sebum production, thereby reducing incidence of acne. Most people require about three settings with a month’s break in between. However, the exact treatment plan will depend on the location and intensity of acne and skin type.

Prior to the procedure:
Have a detailed talk with your surgeon on what to expect after the procedure, including potential risks and outcomes. It is important to keep the following things in mind to achieve the best outcome:

  1. Avoid sunbathing, waxing, and collagen injections for at least 10–15 days before the procedure.
  2. Avoid irritants in the area, including perfumes and deodorants while the treatment is on.
  3. Avoid medicines like aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs and herbal supplements 2 weeks before the procedure, which may increase risk of bleeding .

Post treatment
Once you leave the clinic, the treated area may be pink or red for about 4 to 8 hours. There could be a slight prickly sensation on the treated area, with mild swelling, which will subside over the next few days. Cool packs or moist cloths can be used to reduce the sensation. A good moisturizer can also be used twice a day to soothe the skin. Makeup is to be used only after the redness and prickly sensation have subsided. The recovery period may take about weeks to months after the procedure, depending on the type of skin and acne.

Benefits
More and more people are choosing to go for laser therapy to get rid of their acne scars because of the following benefits—minimally invasive, is done in one sitting, reduced recovery time, reduced pain, and can be clubbed with other acne therapy modes. With the latest advancements, laser definitely is useful and has been successful in treating acne. So, your acne marks are sure to go away!

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

13 people found this helpful

Torn Meniscus: What You Need To Know About It?

Fellowship in Joint Replacement, Fellowship in Hand Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Bangalore
Torn Meniscus: What You Need To Know About It?

Your knees are one of the most vulnerable parts of your bodies. In case of strenuous or vigorous activities, knees are more prone to damage and injury than the other parts. Several of the knee tissues are fairly delicate and often are easily impaired. Among the other knee tissue injuries, meniscus tears are perhaps the most frequent. Meniscus is essentially a cartilage that protects and stabilizes the knee joints. However, an untoward twist or a strain can lead to a tear in the meniscus. Meniscus tears are a common phenomenon among athletes and sportsmen. They have been noted to be more recurrent in older individuals. 

Some of the early symptoms that indicate the onset of a meniscus tear are swelling and difficulty in bending or straightening of the leg. Sometimes a "locking sensation" in the knees also forebodes a torn meniscus. The inflammation potentially causes a lot of pain and irritation. While, it is fairly easy to ignore a meniscus tear for a normal knee injury, prolonged overlooking may only aggravate the pain and worsen the condition. The process of diagnosing a meniscus tear usually involves an MRI scan and an X-ray examination, over and above a detailed evaluation of the wound.

Treating meniscus tears vary according to the extent of the injury. Depending upon the location and the depth of the tear, various cures can be tried. The healing process, however, depends upon other allied factors such as age, level of physical activities and one's medical history. An external and minor injury is easily mendable. Whereas, graver injuries are resolved through surgical means. The other non-operative means include certain prescribed medicines and specific exercises. Some of the recommended ways of battling a meniscus tear can be enlisted as:

  1. Resting the knee by limiting the activities that involve excessive use of the legs or they may potentially strain the leg muscles.
  2. Applying ice pack can significantly bring relief to the swelling and the pain in the injured knee. Doctors advice regular use for a duration of at least 15 days.
  3. Compressing the knee using an elastic bandage or neoprene sleeve reduces the swelling in the knee.
  4. Prescribed medicines in the likes of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be effective remedies for a meniscus tear. However, one must mandatorily consult a doctor before consuming such medicines.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

Sodium
Nutritional Value of Sodium
Health Benefits of Sodium
Regulates fluid
Balances ions
Prevents loss of water
Prevents cramps
Removes excess CO2
Develops the brain
Sufficient sodium
Improves teeth
Improves the skin
Prevents dryness
Neutralize toxins
Relieve heartburn
Uses of Sodium
Side-Effects & Allergies of Sodium
Origin And Cultivation of Sodium