An sudden inadvertent shorting of a muscle, accompanied by mild to intense pain is called a muscle cramp. A cramp can create a temporary sensation of paralysis-like immobility in the muscle. It can occur in both the skeletal and smooth muscles. Cramps in skeletal muscles, the ones we use for movement, occur due to a lack of electrolytes and build-up of lactic acid due to fatigue. Cramps occurring due to gastroenteritis are example of cramps in smooth muscles. Treatment involves diagnosis of the underlying cause as well pain management.
HOW IS MUSCLE CRAMPS DIAGNOSED?
Stretching and increased flexibility help prevent cramps in skeletal muscles.