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Overview

Dandruff - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Dandruff?

Though dandruff needs no formal introduction yet it is the shedding of dead skin cells of the scalp. Skin cells too die and a little bit of flaking is well within normal boundaries.

How is the cause of dandruff diagnosed by doctors?

Scalp examinations are usually used to determine why excessive dandruff is present. After the examination of the scalp, the cause of the condition is most often obvious. Sometimes though a scalp biopsy may be in order in such a procedure, local anesthesia is applied and a sample of the skin of the scalp is taken for further investigation.

What is the medical treatment of dandruff?

Seborrhea or dandruff is treated by fighting the inflammation of the skin. This may be achieved directly through the use of lotions and creams based on cortisone which reduces the inflammation. Another treatment is to put into use topical shampoos and lotions that deter yeast. The direction of dandruff treatment is usually dictated by the cause which is behind the condition.

Dandruff Home Remedies

Medicated shampoos may help a person to fight dandruff. These shampoos available at the pharmacy contain:

Such shampoos may be used for every occasion or even just twice or once every week. This is dependent on the severity of the condition. When it is mild or negligible switch to ordinary shampoos. Sometimes a particular shampoo might work for some time then be rendered ineffective. In such instances switch to another type of shampoo. If one has a resistant variant between dandruff alternate between two different shampoo types that are effective in the case of the patient. It is not that harmful to regularly use shampoos which one may use regularly to keep dandruff at bay. Topical steroids like antifungal creams and creams based on cortisone also help to fight dandruff. They too are available over the counter at concentrations of either 1% or 0.5%. They are safe for the face with results visible within few days of regular application. Lotions and creams may be combined with medicated shampoos for even more effectiveness.

Antifungal creams are also highly efficient in the task of reducing severe dandruff. They work as they decrease skin yeast organisms. Creams and lotions, although should be used till dandruff, persists after which it should be avoided. When dandruff strikes back one may use them again.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Oily skin Irritated skin Itchy scalp Worsened conditions in winters

Popular Health Tips

Common Skin Problems - Is Dandruff the Major Cause?

Dr. Ashima Goel 94% (103 ratings)
MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS, Senior Residency Dermatology
Dermatologist, Chandigarh
Common Skin Problems - Is Dandruff the Major Cause?
Dandruff or seborrhea refers to the flaky condition of your skin or scalp caused primarily due to dryness. It is a very common problem for young adults and middle aged people but can happen to any person regardless of age. Dandruff itself being an embarrassing problem, can also sometimes lead to other skin problems. The following are a few skin problems that can crop up due to dandruff- 1. Can cause pimple: If dandruff or the white flakes fall on your T-zone region very often, then it may lead to the break out of pimples on your skin. 2. May result in pigmentation: The pimples which can happen due to dandruff can further lead to the problem of pigmentation. This condition leads to the appearance of unwanted black spots all over your face. 3. Trigger eczema: Dandruff makes skin problems like eczema and psoriasis even worse. Eczema and psoriasis which causes itching of the skin can get severe due to dandruff. 4. Rashes are also a possibility: Facial rashes can also develop due to dandruff. Often areas around the eyebrows, nose and ears get affected. Sometimes, in case of men, beard rashes also pop up. 5. Chest rashes: Dandruff often falls all over your body.This can lead to the problem of chest rashes. This condition results in the appearance of red spots all around your chest region. Dandruff can be a very distressing problem. If your skin type is oily, dandruff can make conditions far worse. Dandruff is such a problem that cannot be completely cured but can only be controlled. So, it is highly advisable to take preventive measures as soon as it is detected to avoid further problems.
2692 people found this helpful

How Is Dandruff Affecting Your Skin?

Dr. Rupinder Kaur 94% (89 ratings)
MD - Dermatology Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Ludhiana
How Is Dandruff Affecting Your Skin?
Dandruff is also known as Seborrhea, the white flakes that you may notice on your scalp or skin. It is generally caused due to dryness. Dandruff can only be controlled and not absolutely cured. It can give rise to other skin problems as well. The following are the ways in which your skin may be adversely affected due to dandruff Pimples may pop out: Due to dandruff pimples may pop out on your skin. If the white flakes fall on your T- zone region, the facial area which is more prone to pimples. Problem of pigmentation: The pimples leave behind dark spots all over your skin leading to the embarrassing problem of pigmentation. Dandruff makes the condition even worse. Chest rashes may appear: If your dandruff becomes uncontrollable then it keeps falling all over your body. This may lead to the break out of chest rashes. Acne: Acne is another distressing problem that may be the result of dandruff. This also promotes the break out of pimples and red rashes on your skin. Facial rashes: Facial rashes may also appear in many cases. Rashes can be seen near the eyebrow or forehead region. In case of men, beard rashes are also common. Itchy scalp: Dandruff gives you an itchy scalp. This further makes the condition of dandruff worse and the skin of your scalp becomes scaly resulting in further problems. Eczema and psoriases are unfavorably affected: Skin problems like eczema and psoriases become far worse due to dandruff. Inflammation and redness: Dandruff may cause your facial skin to suffer from the problems of inflammation and redness. It is highly recommended for you to use natural remedies and good hair care products to control your dandruff so that your skin is not much affected. But if it is uncontrollable, visiting a dermatologist is a must.
2572 people found this helpful

Homeopathy And Dandruff

Dr. Akanksha Tayal 93% (1928 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Homeopathy And Dandruff
HOMOEOPATHY WORKS BEST FOR DANDRUFF DANDRUFF [DANDRUFF] Dry white flakes of skin, on your scalp is known as dandruff. It is not a health risk, but is a source of embarrassment. Some people have the wrong notion that it is because of bad hygiene or washing the hair often - this is a false belief. It is just that people having dandruff shed more skin then others. However some dermatologists suggest that is caused by a yeast fungus that is believed to breed in a combination of sebaceous oil and dead skin cells. CAUSES: A family history of dandruff. Excessive sweating of the scalp. Excessive mental and physical stress. Use of alkaline soaps. Cold dry winter season. Psoriasis of scalp. Seborrhoeic dermatitis. Improper carbohydrate and sugar consumption. Nutrient deficiencies B-complex, essential fatty acids, selenium. SIGN AND SYMPTOMS: Flakes of skin which may be small and white or large greasy and yellow. Itching on scalp, eyebrows, nose or ears. It can be worse in winters. DIETARY MANAGEMENT: Avoid: Avoid fatty and oily food. Avoid dairy products (except yoghurt) cheese, cottage cheese and seafood. Avoid sugar, white flour and chocolate Avoid excess alcohol. Avoid stress. Even though dandruff is dry flaking skin do not normally apply excessive oil as it may provide an environment for yeast to breed. DO: Add one tea spoon of vinegar to the rinsing water after washing your hair. Before washing your hair, apply a mixture of 8 table spoon of pure organic peanut oil and 2 table spoon lemon juice and massage into the scalp. Leave it for 10-15 minutes then shampoo. You can replace oil with coconut milk or coconut water; leave it over night and shampoo. Wash hair with natural, herbal ingredients rather than chemical take mixture of amla (Indian goose berri) powder, aritha (sapindus Laurifotius) powder and shikakai (Acacia Concinna) powder, soak it in water over night and wash hair with the mixture. Practice yoga, helps in relieving stress and will increase blood circulation. Natural live yoghurt is recommended as a natural conditioner. Avoid harsh hair dyes and hair creams. Softly massage your scalp when you shampoo or oil. This will help blood circulation and prevent skin from drying and cracking. CONSUME: Drink plenty of water. Eat large percentage of your diet as raw fruits and vegetables. Consume (3-4) nuts and seeds daily. Consume linseed oil 2 table spoon. Consumption of Aloe vera juice is also helpful. Consume Kelp and Japanese sea plants frequently as they supply many minerals like iodine which are better for hair growth and healing of the scalp. Increase intake of zinc in diet: Shellfish, beef and other red meats, eggs and seafood, milk and milk products, nuts, sea plants especially Japanese sea. Consume diet rich in antioxidants like Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Vitamin E. Increase intake of foods that contain PUFA's (poly unsaturated fatty acids): flax / linseed oil is the richest source of PUFA's. Other oils that contain PUFA's are safflower oil, soybean oil, maize oil, sesame oil, olive oil. As all oils are high in fats, its consumption should be limited. The intake of oils should not exceed 20gms a day. Sesame oil and almond oil hinders the absorption of LDL (low-density lipoproteins), so it is advisable to use replace other cooking oils by sesame oil. Consume lots of Selenium: Fish, shellfish, eggs, red meat, chicken, liver, grains, Brazil nuts, garlic, wheat germ and brewer's yeast. Consume lots of Vitamin B complex: Liver, kidney, pancreas, yeast (Brewer's yeast), lean meat especially pork, fish, dairy products, poultry, egg, shrimps, crabs and lobsters,. Milk and milk products, green leafy vegetables, legumes, nuts, whole grain cereals. Carrots, bananas, avocado, raspberries, artichoke, cauliflower, soy flour, barley, cereals, pasta, whole grains, wheat barn like rice and wheat germ, dried beans, peas and soybeans.
2 people found this helpful

How To Prevent Pimples Due To Dandruff?

Dr. Neeti Kumari 91% (25 ratings)
MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Dehradun
How To Prevent Pimples Due To Dandruff?
Dandruff is a major cause for hairfall and hair weakening. It is estimated to affect as many as one in five individuals in india. Acne is a skin condition that happens when pores get clogged with dead skin cells and oil, giving rise to pimples. It can be caused by numerous reasons like hormonal changes, dandruff, improper diet, stress, consumption of specific drugs, excessive use of cosmetic products etc. Dandruff has been associated with presence of yeast or fungi, it is also associated with abnormal skin ultrastructure. Dandruff makes the skin on your scalp flaky. These dry flakes of skin are often responsible for clogging the pores on your face, mostly affecting your forehead. In this way, dandruff triggers appearance of acne and can worsen the condition of your skin if you already have pimples. Eradicating dandruff from your scalp is the best way to prevent acne breakouts on your skin due to dandruff. Here are some simple ways to keep acne due to dandruff away from your skin: Brush your hair at least twice a day: Brushing your hair at least two times a day will ensure that the dead cells on your scalp are removed and don't get a chance to clog pores. This option is highly beneficial in getting rid of acne caused by dandruff. Use medicated anti-dandruff shampoo: Topical medicated solutions like a medicated shampoo should be used as a treatment. Short contact period of shampoo with scalp is important for more benefit. Good conditioner should also be used after head wash with shampoo. Ensure that your hair stays off your face: Keeping hair off your face will ensure that dandruff doesn't come in contact with your skin and clog pores, preventing pimples. For this, you can use hair bands or tie your hair in a ponytail or braid.
11 people found this helpful

How Dandruff Effects Your Face?

Dr. Dhananjay Chavan 88% (95 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS, DDV
Dermatologist, Pune
How Dandruff Effects Your Face?
Do you know that dandruff causes acne? Acne is a skin condition that happens when pores get clogged with dead skin cells and oil, giving rise to pimples. It can be caused by numerous reasons like hormonal changes, improper diet, stress, consumption of specific drugs, excessive use of cosmetic products etc. In addition to these factors, acne can be caused by dandruff too, which may not be known to most of you. It has been observed that people who suffer from dandruff problems are more prone to getting pimples. How does dandruff cause acne? Dandruff has been associated with presence of yeast or fungi, it is also associated with abnormal skin ultrastructure. Dandruff makes the skin on your scalp flaky. These dry flakes of skin are often responsible for clogging the pores on your face, mostly affecting your forehead. In this way, dandruff triggers appearance of acne and can worsen the condition of your skin if you already have pimples. Though acne is more common among teenagers, acne due to dandruff is mostly experienced by people above the age of 20. How can you prevent acne due to dandruff? Eradicating dandruff from your scalp is the best way to prevent acne breakouts on your skin due to dandruff. Here are some simple ways to keep acne due to dandruff away from your skin. 1. Ensure that your hair stays off your face Keeping hair off your face will ensure that dandruff doesn't come in contact with your skin and clog pores, preventing pimples. For this, you can use hair bands or tie your hair in a ponytail or braid. 2. Brush your hair at least twice a day Brushing your hair at least two times a day will ensure that the dead cells on your scalp are removed and don't get a chance to clog pores. This option is highly beneficial in getting rid of acne caused by dandruff. 3. Use medicated anti-dandruff shampoo Topical medicated solutions like a medicated shampoo should be used as a treatment. Short contact period of shampoo with scalp is important for more benefit. Good conditioner should also be used after head wash with shampoo.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hlw doc. I'm here for your advise about hair fall. Actually my wife is facing a big problem with hair falls and dandruff too. So pls suggest me some tips to get rid off this and also some healthy diet for this.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 94% (18249 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, TK, plenty of water to moisten her scalp to ease dandruff and hair follicles. Tk, protiene rich diet, apples, almonds, milk. Tk, homoeopathic medicine:@JabornadyQ -20 drops with olive oil, apply on scalp. TK, Care.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from hair dandruff and hair loss. Please give me suggestion for stop my hair fall. My age is 20 years.

Dermatologist
Dermatologist, Delhi
HI Lybrate USER you can take our dandruff treatment which is result oriented treatment ,we can show uresults in single session as well.

I am 20 years old. I have lot of dandruff. I am having hair fall. What should I do?

Dr. Narasimhalu C.R.V. 97% (38439 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Use k-sky lotion twice weekly. You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please meet me in my clinic or do direct personal online consultation by sending photos for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.
3 people found this helpful

Hello sir I have dandruff like white partials on my bread when ever I rub it. It becomes red like itchy n some blood come out of it. Please help I wall be thankful.

Dr. Kinjal Bhayani 90% (52 ratings)
FMC (Fellow in Med.Cosmetology), BHMS, csd
Aesthetic Medicine Specialist, Rajkot
First of all avoid shaving outside Apply good moisturiser at night If possible clean shave For more detail of soap, ointment,and medicine message me in inbox.

I am 21 years of age men. I have dandruff on my head and face. How to control it. Now my hair start to losing and pain in face too. How to get rid naturally.

Dr. Gaganpreet Singh 91% (24 ratings)
MD Dermotology, GOV MEDICAL COLLEGE AMRITSAR
Dermatologist, Jalandhar
Glad you asked for natural remidies seems like a normal dandruff problem I would like to recomened some nautual products to you 1 get satinique anti danruff shampoo 2 get satinique hair sclap tonic they are chemicals free formulas use them twice a week it has shown great results on my patients with similar concerns as yours and company is so confident about their product.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Dandruff - Things That Can Trigger It!

M Derm, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Dandruff can cause hairfall. True or false? Take the quiz to know now.
Start Quiz

Manage Dandruff - Follow These Tips!

Dr. Valsala.P 90% (281 ratings)
BAMS
Ayurveda, Chennai
The use of yoghurt and eggs in your hair does not help to remedy dandruff. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Dandruff - Natural Remedies That Can Help You Manage It!

Dr. Kant Veer Vikram 89% (74 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), C.C.Y.P.
Ayurveda, Faizabad
Dry scalp skin can cause dandruff. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Dandruff - Interesting Facts!

Dr. Meeta Desai 95% (199 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Ahmedabad
Oily skin can trigger dandruff. True or False? Take the quiz to know now.
Start Quiz

Home Remedies for Dandruff

Dr. Gokulan Bg 85% (643 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Modern Diagnostics
Ayurveda,
Coconut Oil cannot be used to treat dandruff at home. True or false. Take a quiz to know now.
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