Though dandruff needs no formal introduction yet it is the shedding of dead skin cells of the scalp. Skin cells also die and a little bit of flaking is well within normal boundaries. For most people, it is an ongoing problem which not only results in hair fall but also causes the hair to fall. Your dermatologist or trichologist can recommend shampoos and other overnight lotions with active ingredients to mitigate dandruff problems.
To get the best results, you must follow the instructions given on the bottle of the product you are using. For instance, some shampoos may rather well while others may have to be applied and washed off while still others cannot be left on the scalp for some time. Not only the product, but its usage also determines whether or not the product would work for you
Nutrient-poor diet is also a major cause for dandruff. Foods rich in vitamins like niacin (vitamin B3), riboflavin (vitamin B2) and pyridoxine (vitamin B6) helps in reducing the skin related issues.
Some of the symptoms that are commonly visible if a person having dandruff are crumbs or flakes on the head skin. In the initial stage, these flakes are white & small followed by the yellow and greasy appearance by the end. These flakes further create itchiness on the scalp and other parts such as nose, ears, around the hairline, chest or back and eyebrows.
Scalp examinations are usually used to determine why excessive dandruff is present. After the examination of the scalp, the cause of the condition is most often obvious. Sometimes though a scalp biopsy may be in order in such a procedure, local anaesthesia is applied and a sample of the skin of the scalp is taken for further investigation.
Seborrhea or dandruff is treated by fighting the inflammation of the skin. This may be achieved directly through the use of lotions and creams based on cortisone which reduces the inflammation. Another treatment is to put into use topical shampoos and lotions that deter yeast. The direction of dandruff treatment is usually dictated by the cause which is behind the condition.
Frequently oiling the scalp with the essential oils and interchanging an effective anti-dandruff shampoo with a moisturizer in order to remove the existing flakes and provide smoothness to the scalp. If you still have dandruff after implementing these procedures, then it is advised to visit a dermatologist for getting a stronger treatment.
Some of the best home remedies to get rid of dandruff which can be easily tried at home are given below:
Medicated shampoos may help a person to fight dandruff. These shampoos available at the pharmacy contain:
Such shampoos may be used for every occasion or even just twice or once every week. This is dependent on the severity of the condition. When it is mild or negligible switch to ordinary shampoos. Sometimes a particular shampoo might work for some time then be rendered ineffective. In such instances switch to another type of shampoo. If one has a resistant variant between dandruff alternate between two different shampoo types that are effective in the case of the patient.
It is not that harmful to regularly use shampoos which one may use regularly to keep dandruff at bay. Topical steroids like antifungal creams and creams based on cortisone also help to fight it. They are available over the counter at concentrations of either 1% or 0.5%. They are safe for the face with results visible within a few days of regular application. Lotions and creams may be combined with medicated shampoos for even more effectiveness.
Antifungal creams are also highly efficient in the task of reducing severe dandruff. They work as they decrease skin yeast organisms. Creams and lotions, although should be used till dandruff persists after which it should be avoided. When it strikes back one may use them again.
There are many home-based treatment solutions which include the use of vinegar, lemon juice, coconut oil, neem oil and various others. Some people use anti-dandruff shampoos and conditioners and get practical results from it. But if you cannot get rid of the problem through all these methods, then you should consult with a dermatologist.