What is Dandruff?
Though dandruff needs no formal introduction yet it is the shedding of dead skin cells of the scalp. Skin cells too die and a little bit of flaking is well within normal boundaries.
How is the cause of dandruff diagnosed by doctors?
Scalp examinations are usually used to determine why excessive dandruff is present. After the examination of the scalp, the cause of the condition is most often obvious. Sometimes though a scalp biopsy may be in order in such a procedure, local anesthesia is applied and a sample of the skin of the scalp is taken for further investigation.
What is the medical treatment of dandruff?
Seborrhea or dandruff is treated by fighting the inflammation of the skin. This may be achieved directly through the use of lotions and creams based on cortisone which reduces the inflammation. Another treatment is to put into use topical shampoos and lotions that deter yeast. The direction of dandruff treatment is usually dictated by the cause which is behind the condition.
Dandruff Home Remedies
Medicated shampoos may help a person to fight dandruff. These shampoos available at the pharmacy contain:
Such shampoos may be used for every occasion or even just twice or once every week. This is dependent on the severity of the condition. When it is mild or negligible switch to ordinary shampoos. Sometimes a particular shampoo might work for some time then be rendered ineffective. In such instances switch to another type of shampoo. If one has a resistant variant between dandruff alternate between two different shampoo types that are effective in the case of the patient. It is not that harmful to regularly use shampoos which one may use regularly to keep dandruff at bay. Topical steroids like antifungal creams and creams based on cortisone also help to fight dandruff. They too are available over the counter at concentrations of either 1% or 0.5%. They are safe for the face with results visible within few days of regular application. Lotions and creams may be combined with medicated shampoos for even more effectiveness.
Antifungal creams are also highly efficient in the task of reducing severe dandruff. They work as they decrease skin yeast organisms. Creams and lotions, although should be used till dandruff, persists after which it should be avoided. When dandruff strikes back one may use them again.