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Dandruff Treatment - Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

Last Updated: Aug 29, 2019

What is Dandruff?

Dandruff is a common problem in the human scalp where tiny pieces of dry skin flakes come out of the scalp causing itching and significant discomfort. If you have dark hair or wear clothes of dark and bright shades, dandruff becomes readily visible on the shoulders and hair as well. Many people believe that dandruff is triggered by a lack of hygiene, but it is not true. Even though poor hygiene contributes to causing dandruff, you cannot ensure that you will not have dandruff by improving your hygiene. The most effective means of controlling dandruff is by using anti-dandruff shampoo and conditioner. You must consult with a board-certified dermatologist and seek assistance for this.

What treatments are available for dandruff?

Dandruff problems not only affect the scalp but also ears, eyebrows, nose, beard and in severe cases, hair-bearing part of the chest. Sometimes, it also affects the babies and infants which are known as cradle cap. Your doctor would give you shampoos and conditioners containing selenium sulfide, zinc pyrithione, and coal-tar based ingredients. With repeated usage, the prescription ketoconazole shampoos offer no benefit, and you are required to opt for more severe dandruff products. If your present set of shampoos and lotions are not able to mitigate dandruff problems, you must convey this to him. If left untreated, dandruff problems can cause serious issues including itching, pain, swelling and redness.

You may also have to apply steroid creams along with a combination of over-the-counter shampoos for the best results. If the dandruff problem is so severe that it is interrupting with your lifestyle, then your dermatologist may recommend oral steroids such as prednisone. But the oral medications are not generally considered the mainstay of dandruff treatment and therefore, should not be used for the long term. If you have mild dandruff, you may have to wash your hair every day or every alternate day with prescription shampoos. But if there are massive dandruff problems, then it is necessary to apply fluocinonide or betamethasone solution once or twice a day.

Who is eligible for the treatment?

Anyone who has been diagnosed with having dandruff can get a comprehensive dandruff treatment. Your doctor will listen to your problems and evaluate your overall health condition before prescribing any treatment. You can get rid of your dandruff problems if you can follow your trichologist’s instructions closely. You should also try to avoid the conditions which are leading to dandruff problems. Your doctor will not only help you in eliminating dandruff issues but also educate you on what you should do and what you should avoid mitigating dandruff problems.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you hail from a place with a hot and humid climate, you are highly likely to suffer from dandruff problems. But you should note that all treatments are not created equal, and they may not work for you. That is why it is imperative to consult with a board certified dermatologist who can instruct a treatment combination which will suit your individual body type. Some chemicals may lead to unwanted consequences, and you should immediately stop using products that are aggravating the problems in place of healing them.

Are there any side effects?

As mentioned earlier, even though there are no side effects of dandruff treatment as a whole, certain products can cause burn, itchiness, swelling and a host of other reactions in the scalp and the surrounding regions. It is important to treat these effects, stop the ongoing treatment and try some other products without the active ingredients causing side effects. Your dermatologist would ask you whether you have any allergies or side effects towards particular elements. Make sure you tell your doctor if you know of any such compositions.

What should you do after dandruff treatment?

Since the dandruff treatment is an ongoing process, you must ensure proper care throughout the duration of the treatment. You must use all the lotions, shampoos, cleansers and all other products diligently. This is because, often, the most efficient dermatological treatment for dandruff problems is a combination of different goods and chemicals. Thus, you should ensure that you are using all of them without fail to get desired results within short time. You must avoid wearing tightly fitted caps and hats and should not allow your scalp to sweat. You should visit your dermatologist at least twice a year to ensure that the dandruff problems do not come back.

Is it possible to prevent dandruff?

Since dandruff is a chronic problem, you should not expect that the problems would mitigate overnight. And another thing you should note that dandruff is not curable although, you may manage it. This is because the exact cause of the dandruff is not known and almost everyone is affected by this problem. However, depending on the severity of your dandruff problems, it may take about one month to years together to stave off dandruff issues. It is, therefore, important to seek treatment as early as possible.


How much does it cost for dandruff treatment in India?

Also, it is not possible to pinpoint the exact cost of treating dandruff problems in India. But everyone can afford it since it is very cheap. You will have to pay the consultation fees to the dermatologist and buy the products that he has prescribed from any drug store. Since it is not a medical emergency, you can rest assured that you will not have to incur huge costs owing to the treatment.

Is Dandruff a permanent condition?

If you can maintain the care for your dandruff problems, it will gradually reduce to a point when you may feel that the issues are no more there. But you shouldn’t stop using the prescribed products as dandruff may come back with full force all over again.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are many home-based dandruff treatment solutions which are used all over India. These include the use of vinegar, lemon juice, coconut oil, neem oil and various others. Some people use anti-dandruff shampoos and conditioners and get practical results from it. But if you cannot get rid of dandruff problems through all these methods, then you should consult with a dermatologist.

Key Highlights:

Safety: Very High

Effectiveness: High

Timeliness: Medium

Relative Risk: Low

Side Effects: Very Low

Recovery Time: Medium

Price Range: Variable


Popular Questions & Answers

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Written ByDr. Shaurya Rohatgi MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy,MBBSDermatology
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