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Overview

Anesthesia - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Anesthesia refers to the process of controlling pain or other sensations during surgeries or any other procedures (capable of causing pain) by using medicines known as anesthetics. Anesthetics are either given through injections or through inhaled vapors or gases. This medicine is used for blocking pain, making a person unconscious during surgery, etc. It also helps to control the blood pressure, blood flow, heart rate, and breathing rate of any person.

There are various types of anesthesia – Local anesthesia, general anesthesia and regional anesthesia which further includes Peripheral nerve blocks, Epidural and spinal anesthesia.

An anesthesiologist determines the quantity and types of anesthesia a person would require. Immense care is taken while administering anesthetics as any change in the prescribed quantity can lead to adverse effects.

How is the treatment done?

The various types of anesthesia are either given to the patients through injections or gases and vapors. The ways through which the various anesthesia are administered are as follows:

  • Local anesthesia – It is applied via an injection in the surgical area in order to block the pain. Thus, it results in the numbness of that part of the body while the person remains conscious.
  • General anesthesia – It works on the brain and the central nervous system of the patient and makes him/her unconscious and unaware. The anesthetic is administered to the circulatory system of the patient through injected drugs or inhaled gases. This kind of anesthesia is opted for major surgeries which may involve significant blood loss, breathing difficulty, etc.
  • Regional anesthesia - In this type of anesthesia, injection containing local anesthetic drugs are administered around major nerves of the body or/and the spinal cord. This is done so that a larger part of the body can be blocked from feeling pain. These medicines are also given to make the patient feel relaxed or sleepy during surgery. Regional anesthesia is mainly of two types. They are as follows:
    • Peripheral nerve blocks – This is specially used to prevent the patient from sensing pain around a particular nerve or group of nerves. These blocks are commonly used to perform procedures on the arms, hands, legs, feet or face.
    • Epidural and spinal anesthesia – This medicine is used to block pain from the spinal cord area or lower portion of the body such as hips, belly or legs. Therefore, it is administered directly in the spinal cord as well as the nerves that are connected to it.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The following people are eligible for the various types of anesthesia:

  • Prior to any major operation, a person is eligible for general anesthesia as the surgery requires him/her to remain unconsciousness. These surgeries usually take several hours and involve the chance of significant blood loss along with inducing breathing problem.
  • A person who needs any kind of minor surgery for example surgeries in hands, legs, etc. are eligible for local anesthesia.
  • If the patients need surgery around the spinal cord or the lower back portion of the body, then he/she becomes eligible for epidural and spinal anesthesia.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person having various health and mental conditions should discuss it with his/her doctor so that the proper quantity of anesthesia can be determined. Otherwise, those patients may suffer from adverse reactions.

Are there any side effects?

General anesthesia has certain side effects if not administered in the proper manner:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea – This refers to a condition when an individual stops breathing while being asleep.
  • There are several other side effects which include shivering, nausea or vomiting, headache, sore throat, the rise in temperature, high blood pressure, delayed return to normalcy, etc.
  • There are some rare life-threatening effects which include malignant hyperthermia, respiratory failure and even death in very rare cases.

Other types of anesthesia may have effects like prolonged period of numbness, allergies, etc.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post-treatment guidelines include:

  • Keeping the patient under observation to monitor the person’s temperature, blood pressure, feeling of nausea and most importantly the proper functioning of the body.
  • The patient must follow eating and drinking guidelines as given by the doctor.
  • A person after recovering from the effect of anesthetic drugs should avoid driving, traveling on a plane, any strenuous activity, etc. It is always recommended not to travel alone immediately after recovering from anesthesia.

How long does it take to recover?

Anesthesia may last for 45 minutes to 4 hours depending upon the anesthetic drug used. While local anesthesia may last for an hour or so, general anesthesia or the epidural and spinal anesthesia usually lasts for 3-4 hours.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost depends on the procedure.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Once the effects of anesthesia wear off, the patient gains his/her consciousness.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Some herbal and homeopathic alternatives are available which can be used as alternatives for the various anesthetic drugs.

Safety: High Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Medium Price Range:

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Popular Questions & Answers

Hi can anyone tell me what the surgeon do in anal fissure surgery process tell me.

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Respected lybrate-user, Welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly.* That depends upon which type of surgery is being performed for fissure issue.* If there is Lord`s dilatation, then under general anesthesia, gradual dilatation of anal opening with gloved fingers from 2-3-4 fingers done, to make relax the external tight sphincter from fissure pain & help to recover the fissure faster. Hope this will help you for sure. Regards.

Hi. I am not interested in marriage. So I thought of doing family planing so will you please tell me the procedure and how long should I need to take bed rest. And is there any impact due to tht. Please tell me something.

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Had piles surgery 4 days back and the pain is severe. Not being able to sit. Had headache. Had vomit 2 times in a day. Doctor said will take 10 15 days for recovery. How to control such pain for such days?

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Hello dear lybrate-user, hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly.* Management of pain in hemorrhoidectomy patient - Round the clock, analgesic tablet (diclofenac, ibuprofen,tramadol are best molecules) if primary requirement.- Diet management with plenty of liquids, high fiber diet to get smooth, soft bowel evacuations with bulk forming laxative as ispaghula husk 3 teaspoonful at night with a glass of drinking lukewarm water.- Antibiotics as per prescription by your doctor.- Sitz bath (sitting in a tub filled with lukewarm water 5 minutes each 3 times a day and additionally after passing stools) is corner stone of the therapy.- Local application of Xylocaine (5 %)jelly gives excellent results.* Head ache and vomiting is part of spinal anesthesia later effects - Prefer lying down position with foot end elevation of the bed.- Consume plenty of liquids.- Intake of anti emetic as ondancetron with proton pump inhibitor as omeprazole are mandatory for this reason. Hope this will help you for sure. Wishing you fine recovery. Regards dear take care.
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I was 5 weeks and 2 days pregnant wen decided to do medical abortion oct 23. Bleed for almost 13 days with on and off bleeding. Just a normal bleed like menstruation. Then last nov 5 bleeding stop so I decided to take preg test. Result is positive. It was my 2nd week after doing that abortion. Then yesterday I started to bleed again. Whats happening in my body. How long does it take to have a positive result. Im panicking. Positive result then still bleeding (light)

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Pregnancy test remains positive even after delivery or abortion erratic bleeding is due to retained pieces which may not be visible on ultrasound go to local doctor opd procedure of Menstrual regulation done with special syringe to sucks out pieces in the uterus due to retention of pieces procedure is carried out under general anesthesia or local anesthesia but admission is not required don't forget to take a course of antibiotics and some iron folic acid supplements to build blood.

Hi i am suffering from male from last 2 months. Needle extraction is prescribed by the doctor. But i am scaring of that treatment. Is there any cure except needle extractions?

Dr. Isha Malhotra 92% (3103 ratings)
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Don't be scared all will be done under local anaesthesia. Just get it done. All will be fine. If there is deep seated infection nweds to be extracted.

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