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Last Updated: Sep 11, 2020
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Sore Throat - Symptom, Causes, Treatment, Medicine And Home Remedies

About Signs Causes Is sore throat contagious? Diagnosis Treatment Medicine Prevention Diet Home remedies

What is Sore Throat?

Sore throat is a Torment or irritation in the throat that can happen with or without swallowing, regularly goes with contaminations, for example, a cold or influenza. Sore throats can be very annoying and painful. However, the good news is that most sore throats are caused by minor diseases and so they most often go away without any treatments.

Sore throat symptoms:

The first signs of sore throats are :

  • Cold which includes chills
  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Runny nose or congestion and hoarse voice
  • Having fever higher than normal temperature 101 F (38.33 C)
  • Fatigue and muscle aches
  • Swelling in the neck
  • Pain or scratching sensation in the throat
  • White patches or pus which forms on the tonsils
  • Tiny red spots at the back of the roof of the mouth which makes difficulty in opening mouth
  • Swallowing and painful neck lymph nodes then you may be suffering from Acute pharyngotonsillitis which may be due to streptococci
  • One may witness blood in your saliva or phlegm
  • Also suffer with gastrointestinal problems
COVID-19 Symptoms: Sore throat is one of the significant symptoms of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) . The other common symptoms are dry cough, fever, shortness of breath and fatigue.

What causes sore throat?

The most common conditions that cause sore throat are:

Bacterial infections that cause sore throats are:

  • Strep throat, which doesn’t occur from congestion and cough.
  • Inflammations caused by tonsillitis and adenoiditis.
  • Peritonsillar abscess, which is an infection of the tissues near the throat.
  • Epiglottitis
  • Uvulitis
  • STD infections like chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea.

Sore throats can also last more than a few weeks if it is caused by an injury or an irritant such as:

  • Throat irritation from smoking, low humidity, yelling, air pollution or because of nasal drainage down the back of the throat.
  • Persistent breathing through the nose because of allergies or for a stuffy nose.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) whereby stomach acid gets back up into the throat, causing cough and acid taste in the mouth, apart from heartburns
  • Chronic fatigue caused by extreme tiredness over a prolonged period of time.

Is sore throat contagious?

p>Yes, it is contagious. It can be passed on from one person to another. Usually, the mucus, saliva and the nasal discharge contain the viruses which can cause sore throat. The virus or bacteria can survive for a long time on objects tile towels, brushes or clothing, these contaminated items can spread the disease rapidly.

How a sore throat is diagnosed?

The doctor may check the back of your throat to see swelling, white spots or redness. The doctor may also see the side of your neck to check the swollen glands. If you have a strep throat, doctors may advise you for a throat culture for diagnosis. A doctor will take a swab over your throat and will take the sample to check for bacteria.

What is the treatment of sore throat?

Sore throat treatment:

The treatment for sore throats caused by viral infection doesn’t require medical attention it may go away with time and may last up to one week to ease pain one can take pain relievers. never try to treat sore throats with antibiotics. For unnecessary application of antibiotic medications often leads to an allergic reaction and also side effects like vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, yeast infection and rashes on the skin.

Sore throat caused by bacterial infections may require medical attention and have to take antibiotics There are several Home Remedies that can help soothe swollen tissue in your nose and throat to bring a relief to this illness, etc.

As being said even before that sore throats generally do not need any medications to heal, nevertheless, always visit a doctor if your sore throat lasts more than a week.Also go for a medical checkup if you find difficulty in breathing, joint pain, difficulty in swallowing, an earache, a fever over 101˚F, a rash on your body, bloody mucus or a lump in your throat. Generally hoarseness more than two weeks is not considered a good sign for it can always have serious underlying causes which can even be a sign of throat cancer.

What is the medicine for a sore throat?

The medicines for sore throat are: the medicines may change depending on what type of infection the person is suffering like a viral or bacterial infection. sore throat caused by viral infection doesn’t require medical attention it may go away with time and may last up to one week, to ease pain one can take pain relievers, sore throat caused by bacterial infections may require medical attention and have to take antibiotics until symptoms are gone, one must use full course of antibiotics, OTC medications can help soothe a sore throat.

NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like Acetaminophen treats only pain-relieving, does not have anti-inflammatory properties, and ibuprofen, paracetamol, helps reduces the pain temporarily, throat sprays can provide pain relief and cold symptoms, if you take zinc lozenges every two hours it may ease the cold, inflammation and also helps stimulates the flow of saliva, keeping your mouth moist, etc.

How to prevent a sore throat?

The way to prevent sore throat is to avoid getting sick. Avoid catching the viruses and bacteria that cause a sore throat. Here are some ways to prevent a sore throat:

  • If you have a cold-and-flu, wash your hands frequently and avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Gargle with baking soda solution.
  • Stop smoking as the cigarettes smoke is intensely infuriating to the lining of the throat
  • Start breathing from your nose instead of your mouth as it is a natural way to humidify the air you breathe.
  • Use a humidifier in your room. The moisture will help to keep the air from drying out and averts the lining of your throat from getting too dry.

Sore throat diet:

The burning and uncomfortable feeling caused by sore throat, can make it hard to drink or eat and even to swallow!!! Find out the best things to eat during a sore throat and foods to avoid during sore throat.

What are the foods to eat during a sore throat?

The foods which are easy to swallow and soft are majorly preferred when you have a sore throat. Below are some of the foods which you may want to eat:

  • Warm oatmeal, cooked cereal or grits
  • Gelatin desserts
  • Plain yogurts or with pureed fruits
  • Cooked vegetables
  • Non-acidic juices
  • Scrambled or hard-boiled eggs
  • Turmeric
  • Honey
  • Sage
  • Oatmeal

What are the foods to avoid during sore throat?

In the sore throat, it becomes difficult to swallow some food, which includes:

  • Citrus fruits and juices
  • Crunchy, hard foods
  • Sour, pickled or brined foods
  • Tomato juice and sauces
  • Irritating spices
  • Alcohol

What are the home remedies for sore throat?

The home remedies for sore throat are:

  1. Gargling with salt water helps reduces the soreness
  2. Drinking warm fluids like broth, warm water with honey and lemon and turmeric milk
  3. Suck on raw garlic clove and chew for 15 minutes it has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties
  4. Eat soft foods which can swallow easily, take plenty of rest and sleep
  5. By drinking herbal tea helps you to get enough sleep, taking steam and you can also add cough suppressant to it for the speedy recovery
  6. Sucking popsicle or ice cream also helps to ease the soreness
  7. Taking steaming shower, using humidifier can ease symptoms of cold, sore throat or cough- by breathing in moist air can help soothe swollen tissue in your nose and throat, etc.

Popular Questions & Answers

My mother age 70. She is suffering diabetes, bp,.she use medicine glycomet-gp 2 forte ,telvas -ct ls ,extrocin 50 and new neurotrat-lm. But present two three days she is trouble head pain ,normal fever no eating (bhook nahi lagna) and more weakness in body. What I do for treatment at corona time, please suggest medicine and treatment or test. corona test negative.

MD Medicine, DM Neurology
Hello, your mother seems to be suffering from viral fever by way of headache and low grade fever and as corona is negative, she requires analgesic and paracetamol. As she has no systemic symptoms that is no sore throat, cough or urinary symptoms m...

Hii sir suffering from alternative nose blocked and stubborn dry cough which doesn't comes out from last one month in between it went away but when I took some cold items then again it sticks in my chest. Tell me some syrup and medicine for that. I took azithromycin and corex syrup last week and got tested also esr is 19.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MRCS- Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, DLO RCS England, FRCS
ENT Specialist, Bangalore
You need to be properly assessed to offer the correct treatment. It would be best you talk to a good ent surgeon who can ask the relevant questions to make a correct diagnosis and give you the correct treatment. From what symptoms you mention, it ...

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