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Last Updated: Nov 07, 2019
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Sore Throat - Symptom, Causes, Treatment, Medicine And Home Remedies

What is Sore Throat? What are the first signs of sore throat? The most common conditions that cause sore throat are: What is the treatment of sore throat? What is the medicine for a sore throat? What are the home remedies for sore throat?

What is Sore Throat?

Sore throat is a Torment or irritation in the throat that can happen with or without swallowing, regularly goes with contaminations, for example, a cold or influenza. Sore throats can be very annoying and painful. However, the good news is that most sore throats are caused by minor diseases and so they most often go away without any treatments.

What are the first signs of sore throat?

The first signs of sore throats are :

Cold which includes chills, sneezing, coughing, runny nose or congestion and hoarse voice, having fever higher than normal temperature 101 F (38.33 C) , fatigue and muscle aches, Swelling in the neck, Pain or scratching sensation in the throat, white patches or pus which forms on the tonsils and Tiny red spots at the back of the roof of the mouth which makes difficulty in opening mouth, swallowing, and painful neck lymph nodes then you may be suffering from Acute pharyngotonsillitis which may be due to streptococci, one may witness blood in your saliva or phlegm, and also suffer with gastrointestinal problems etc.

The most common conditions that cause sore throat are:

Bacterial infections that cause sore throats are:

  • Strep throat, which doesn’t occur from congestion and cough.
  • Inflammations caused by tonsillitis and adenoiditis.
  • Peritonsillar abscess, which is an infection of the tissues near the throat.
  • Epiglottitis
  • Uvulitis
  • STD infections like chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea.

Sore throats can also last more than a few weeks if it is caused by an injury or an irritant such as:

  • Throat irritation from smoking, low humidity, yelling, air pollution or because of nasal drainage down the back of the throat.
  • Persistent breathing through the nose because of allergies or for a stuffy nose.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) whereby stomach acid gets back up into the throat, causing cough and acid taste in the mouth, apart from heartburns
  • Chronic fatigue caused by extreme tiredness over a prolonged period of time.

What is the treatment of sore throat?

Sore throat treatment:

The treatment for sore throats caused by viral infection doesn’t require medical attention it may go away with time and may last up to one week to ease pain one can take pain relievers. never try to treat sore throats with antibiotics. For unnecessary application of antibiotic medications often leads to an allergic reaction and also side effects like vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, yeast infection and rashes on the skin.

Sore throat caused by bacterial infections may require medical attention and have to take antibiotics There are several Home Remedies that can help soothe swollen tissue in your nose and throat to bring a relief to this illness, etc.

As being said even before that sore throats generally do not need any medications to heal, nevertheless, always visit a doctor if your sore throat lasts more than a week.Also go for a medical checkup if you find difficulty in breathing, joint pain, difficulty in swallowing, an earache, a fever over 101˚F, a rash on your body, bloody mucus or a lump in your throat. Generally hoarseness more than two weeks is not considered a good sign for it can always have serious underlying causes which can even be a sign of throat cancer.

What is the medicine for a sore throat?

The medicines for sore throat are: the medicines may change depending on what type of infection the person is suffering like a viral or bacterial infection. sore throat caused by viral infection doesn’t require medical attention it may go away with time and may last up to one week, to ease pain one can take pain relievers, sore throat caused by bacterial infections may require medical attention and have to take antibiotics until symptoms are gone, one must use full course of antibiotics, OTC medications can help soothe a sore throat.

NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like Acetaminophen treats only pain-relieving, does not have anti-inflammatory properties, and ibuprofen, paracetamol, helps reduces the pain temporarily, throat sprays can provide pain relief and cold symptoms, if you take zinc lozenges every two hours it may ease the cold, inflammation and also helps stimulates the flow of saliva, keeping your mouth moist, etc.

What are the home remedies for sore throat?

The home remedies for sore throat are:

  1. Gargling with salt water helps reduces the soreness
  2. Drinking warm fluids like broth, warm water with honey and lemon and turmeric milk
  3. Suck on raw garlic clove and chew for 15 minutes it has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties
  4. Eat soft foods which can swallow easily, take plenty of rest and sleep
  5. By drinking herbal tea helps you to get enough sleep, taking steam and you can also add cough suppressant to it for the speedy recovery
  6. Sucking popsicle or ice cream also helps to ease the soreness
  7. Taking steaming shower, using humidifier can ease symptoms of cold, sore throat or cough- by breathing in moist air can help soothe swollen tissue in your nose and throat, etc.

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