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Overview

Sore Throat - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Sore throats can be very annoying and painful. However, the good news is that most sore throats are caused by minor diseases and so they most often go away without any treatments.

The most common conditions that cause sore throat are:

Bacterial infections that cause sore throats are:

  • Strep throat, which doesn’t occur from congestion and cough.
  • Inflammations caused by tonsillitis and adenoiditis.
  • Peritonsillar abscess, which is an infection of the tissues near the throat.
  • Epiglottitis
  • Uvulitis
  • STD infections like chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea.

Sore throats can also last more than a few weeks if it is caused by an injury or an irritant such as:

  • Throat irritation from smoking, low humidity, yelling, air pollution or because of nasal drainage down the back of the throat.
  • Persistent breathing through the nose because of allergies or for a stuffy nose.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) whereby stomach acid gets back up into the throat, causing cough and acid taste in the mouth, apart from heartburns
  • Chronic fatigue caused by extreme tiredness over a prolonged period of time.

Treatment of sore throat mostly depends on the cause of the malady. There are several Home Remedies that can bring a relief to this illness. However, remember as viral infections are the most common reasons for developing a sore throat- never try to treat sore throats with antibiotics. For unnecessary application of antibiotic medications often leads to an allergic reaction and also side effects like vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, yeast infection and rashes on the skin. Even the undue use of antibiotics may kill the beneficial bacteria in your metabolic system, resulting in development of dangerous anti-biotic resistant bacteria in your body. However sore throat caused by strep infection may require antibiotics for recovery.

As being said even before that sore throats generally do not need any medications to heal, nevertheless, always visit a doctor if your sore throat lasts more than a week. Also go for a medical checkup if you find difficulty in breathing, joint pain, difficulty in swallowing, an earache, a fever over 101˚F, a rash on your body, bloody mucus or a lump in your throat. Generally hoarseness more than two weeks is not considered a good sign for it can always have serious underlying causes which can even be a sign of throat cancer.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Symptoms
An extremely dry throat Swollen and painful glands on the neck White patches that develops on the tonsils. Hoarseness in voice.

Popular Health Tips

Reasons for Sore Throat in Hindi - गले में खराश के कारण

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Reasons for Sore Throat in Hindi - गले में खराश के कारण
गले के संक्रमण या खराश की समस्या से आजकल सभी परेशान हैं. जब भी आपको 38 डीग्री सेंटीग्रेट से अधिक बुखार महसूस हो, गले या गर्दन में सूजन हो, निगलने में परेशानी हो या पेट दर्द जैसी समस्या हो तो समझिए कि आपके गले में खराश है. गले में संक्रमण या खराश के कई कारण हो सकते हैं जैसे प्रदूषित हवा, बदलता मौसम, अत्यधिक ठन्डे पदार्थों का सेवन, प्रतिकूल खान-पान आदि. इसलिए ये जरुरी है कि आप अपने गले का ख्याल रखें. इसके लिए इसके कारणों को जानना आवश्यक है. आइए गले में खराश के कारणों को विस्तारपूर्वक जानें. गले में खराश के कारण 1. सर्दी-जुकाम गले में खराश का मुख्य कारण है सर्दी जुकाम, एलर्जी और वायरल इन्फेक्शन आदि होता है. कई बार संक्रमित गले के लिए सर्दी-जुकाम भी जिम्मेदार होता है. जब भी आपको सर्दी-जुकाम और इस तरह की समस्या उत्पन्न ह हो तो समझिए कि गले में खराश भी होगी. 2. मोनो न्यूक्लोसिस मोनो न्युक्लोसिस एक तरह का वाइरल इन्फेक्शन है जिसमें गले में खराश उत्पन्न हो जाती है. ये वायरस लार के द्वारा फैलता है इसलिए इसको किसिंग डिज़ीज भी कहा जाता है. इससे प्रभावित व्यक्ति के छींकने या खांसने से भी ये दूसरे व्यक्ति को हो सकता है. इस बीमारी के लक्षण गले में खराश के अलावा बुखार, सिरदर्द, थकान आदि हो सकते है. ये एक डेढ़ महीने में अपने आप ठीक हो जाते है. किसी भी सार्वजनिक जगहों जैसे कि स्कूल आदि में इसके होने की सम्भावना अधिक होती है. 3. मीज़ल्स के कारण मीजल्स में आपके गले में खराश, बुखार, कफ़, लाल आँखें, मांसपेशियों में दर्द, नाक बहना और मुँह में सफ़ेद धब्बे हो सकते हैं. पूरे शरीर पर लाल लाल दाने होना इसकी विशेष पहचान है. कई लोग इसे छोटी माता भी कहते हैं. ऐसे मामलों में आपको अन्धविश्वास में न पड़कर किसी चिकित्सक से परामर्श लेना चाहिए. यह छीकने, खांसने आदि से फैलती है. इसके वायरस कई घंटे तक किसी सतह पर जीवित पड़े होते है. यहाँ से किसी दूसरे को आसानी से लग सकते है. एक दूसरे के झूठे गिलास में पानी पीने से या एक ही बर्तन में खाना खाने से दूसरे को हो सकता है. 4. विभिन्न एलर्जी कई प्रकार के अलग-अलग एलर्जी में भी इस तरह की परेशानी देखने को मिल सकती है. इसमें आपको अचानक से बुखार आ जाना, गले में बहुत खराश, गले में सफ़ेद धब्बे, सिरदर्द, सर्दी लगना, भूख बंद होना, निगलने में परेशानी जैसी समस्याएं उत्पन्न हो सकती हैं. इससे पीड़ित व्यक्ति स्ट्रेप थ्रोट से परेशान रहता है. ये छींकने से खांसने से ये फ़ैल सकता है. 5. डिप्थीरिया डिप्थीरिया जैसी बीमारियों के कारण भी गले में सक्रमण या खराश की परेशानी उत्पन्न हो सकती है. इसके अलावा हूपिंग कफ के कारण गले में खराश और तेज खांसी होती है जो 2 महीने तक रह सकती है. ऐसी बीमारियों से बचने का उपाय करके आप इससे निपट सकते हैं. 6. मांसपेशियों में खिंचाव मांसपेशियों में खिंचाव के कारण भी गले में खराश या संक्रमण की समस्याएं देखी जाती हैं. जब भी आपको मांसपेशियों में खिंचाव महसूस हो तो आपको समझना चाहिए कि गले में खराश भी हो सकती है.
1 person found this helpful

Sore Throat - What Increases Your Risk?

Dr. Madhulika Sharma 92% (46 ratings)
DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Sore Throat - What Increases Your Risk?
If you are experiencing pain, irritation, or itchiness in your throat, the condition is referred to as a sore throat. It is likely for you to face difficulty in swallowing food and the pain worsens when you want to swallow. The primary symptom of a sore throat is throat pain. People of all ages can get affected by a sore throat. Causes There are several causes of a sore throat. The most common ones are as follows: Viral infection Viral infections are the most common causes of sore throat. These are the infections that are caused by a virus, like the flu or cold. Measles, chicken pox, and croup are other viral infections that cause a sore throat. Bacterial infection Several bacterial infections also lead to a sore throat. They may include strep throat, diphtheria, and whooping cough. Environmental factors Several environmental factors also cause sore throat. Exposure to pollen, mold, pet dander, and several other irritants leads to postnasal drip. This causes throat pain and inflammation. Exposure to dry air, and smoking cigarettes are also common causes of a sore throat. Diagnosis For the diagnosis of a sore throat, a physical examination of your throat is carried out, and your throat will be examined using a lighted instrument. Doctors usually look out for inflammations and white patches that indicate strep throat. Your breathing will also be checked. The back of your throat can be swabbed for examining samples in order to determine the virus. Certain blood tests may also be required to be undertaken. Treatment The treatment of sore throat depends on the cause. In case your sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection, you will be prescribed antibiotics for killing the infectious bacteria. The medicines should be taken strictly according to a doctor s prescription. You should complete the course of 10 days to get effective results. If you stop the treatment at an early stage on noticing improvements, a sore throat can recur soon. There are certain simple home remedies which are effective for curing the most common forms of sore throat. They include: Gargling with warm, salted water. Consuming warm fluids like soup, tea, and water. Having throat lozenges. Reducing the inflammation using ibuprofen and acetaminophen. Avoiding exposure to allergens and irritants. In case your sore throat is caused by a viral infection, the virus should be left to run its course. During its course, you will be prescribed medicines like pain relievers and decongestants for relieving the symptoms. Antiviral drugs are also used in some cases for fighting the virus effectively.
3754 people found this helpful

Prolonged Sore Throat - Is It Chronic?

Dr. Rahul Bhargava 90% (141 ratings)
Fellowship In Rhinology, MS (ENT), DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Prolonged Sore Throat - Is It Chronic?
Are you suffering from a sore throat that is prolonged in nature? Although, a sore throat is not very severe, being prolonged in nature indicates that it is chronic. You should not ignore a sore throat that does not heal over a long period of time. This might be an indication of a serious problem, and you will require proper diagnosis. When is a sore throat termed as chronic? A sore throat may take various forms. It can be itchy, burning, scratchy in nature, and can also cause difficulty in swallowing food. It is likely for a sore throat to be accompanied by a form of pesky cough that leads to further irritation of the throat. Sore throats can also occur from common colds and several viruses. These usually resolve on their own. However, when your sore throat is persistent and you cannot find relief, it is referred to as a chronic sore throat. The primary cause of sore throat includes strep throat, allergies, tonsillitis or the infection of your tonsils, inhaling air pollutants, influenza, cigarette smoking, and inhaling via the mouth. Among these conditions, strep throat and tonsillitis may turn into severe problems, if not treated properly. Smoking is a major cause of chronic sore throat. You should control your smoking to eliminate these sore throat symptoms. Snoring is also a major cause for sore throat. Relief from chronic sore throat No matter what is the cause of your chronic throat pain, or sore throat is, you should follow some steps and undertake simple home remedies for soothing your scratchy, itchy and painful throat. Some of them include the following: Do hot water steam inhalation daily, which will help You must stay well hydrated and should moisten your throat by drinking lots of fluids throughout the day. You should add honey to warm drinks and hot tea. You may take over the counter pain relievers. You should install a humidifier in your home for preventing dry air that causes irritation to your throat. You may try gargling regularly with warm water and salt, at least twice a day. It is difficult to diagnose the exact cause of a sore throat, but when it worsens or does not tend to leave, something serious is indicated. You must consult a doctor and undertake a physical examination of your throat in order to detect the cause.
3535 people found this helpful

Common Ailments Which Can Be Treated With Homeopathy!

Dr. Bela Chaudhry 91% (317 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Delhi
Common Ailments Which Can Be Treated With Homeopathy!
We all have used homeopathy as a cure, and we know from experience that it works. This complementary modality of healing works on the principle of like kills like . All homeopathic medicines are derived from natural sources and are then diluted and potentized to make them safe. Here are a few common ailments that respond very well to homoeopathic medicines: Common Cold- Allium Cepa (onion) which causes tearing in the eyes and dripping from the nose, is a frequent remedy for common cold and hay fever. It is very effective when there is a watery, and burning nasal discharge from the nose. Oscillococcinum, Bryonia, Belladonna, Arsenicum Album and Aconite are also excellent cures for influenza. Bryonia is especially useful in treating body aches that accompany fever. Shock and Trauma From Injury- Arnica (mountain daisy) is the best remedy for trauma due to injuries and is an excellent first aid. It also helps to reduce pain and speeds up the healing process. A Sore Throat- Aconite, Arsenicum Album and Belladonna are very good. Aconite helps during the onset of a sore throat while Belladonna is helpful in curing tonsillitis. Nerve Problems- Hypericum (St. John's wort) is the first medicine to consider for injuries to the nerves or to parts of the body rich with them, like the back. This medicine is especially good for treating shooting pains. Psychiatric Ailments- Ignatia (St. Ignatius bean) is most effective in treating acute grief, anxiety, and depression, especially due to loss of a loved one. Cramps- Magnesia phosphorica (phosphate of magnesia) is the most effective remedy for cramps, including menstrual cramps. Indigestion- Nux Vomica (poison nut), Aconite, Carbo Veg and Pulsatilla all treat indigestion. Nux Vomica is especially useful in relieving symptoms of flatulence, constipation/diarrhoea and heartburn. Carbo Veg is extremely useful for getting rid of gas after food. Sprains-Rhus tox (poison ivy) is the medicine of choice for people suffering from sprains and strains. It s especially useful when the person suffers from more pain when he starts moving after resting. It can also treat symptoms of arthritis and flu. Remember to take these medicines in the 6th or 30th potency only. If you are suffering from minor pain or discomfort, you should take the medicine 3 times a day but if the discomfort is severe, you can take the medicine every 1 to 3 hours, tapering off later. If you do not observe at least some improvement even after 24 hours of taking the medicine, it probably is the wrong one. Consider taking another medicine or better still, consult a trained homoeopathic doctor. It is also best if you treat yourself for non-threatening acute conditions only and go for professional care for chronic conditions.
4885 people found this helpful

Sore Throat and Strep Throat - Are They Same?

Dr. A.A Khan 92% (989 ratings)
MBBS,CCA,DCA,AASECT,FPA,AAD,F.H.R.SM.I.M.S
General Physician, Gorakhpur
Sore Throat and Strep Throat - Are They Same?
Throat pain mainly occurs due to two conditions-'sore throat' or 'strep throat'. Often the terms 'sore throat' and 'strep throat' are used interchangeably, but they don't indicate the same thing. While a sore throat is a condition mostly followed by common cold, runny nose or congestion; strep throat is a bacteria-induced infection. The bacterium called Streptococcus is responsible for strep throat. The most common reason behind a sore throat is a viral infection like flu or cold. So, if you've a sore throat that is caused by virus, there is no reason to worry as it can be treated easily. But if you are suffering from strep throat or streptococcal infection, then antibiotic drugs for additional treatment will be required to avoid complications. Signs and symptoms of a strep throat (which indicates that your throat pain is serious and needs attention) include: Pain while swallowing food Sore throat which usually persists for more than 48 hours Small red spots at the roof top of your mouth Swollen and red tonsils at times with streaks of pus or white patches Fever Swollen, benign lymph nodes in your neck Headache Rash Body aches Vomiting or feeling of nausea, especially amongst younger children When these signs and symptoms become noticeable, you need to promptly visit your doctor for test and treatment. And, if the reports indicate strep throat, then your doctor will prescribe you some oral antibiotics to reduce the complications and severity of symptoms so that it doesn't spread to others. You are advised to follow your prescription properly and stay indoors for at least a day after starting your medication.
3556 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 29 years old female, teacher by profession. I have regular throat problem. I have taken lots of medicines but again after sometime when I eat from outside or some cold drink the problem comes again, specially when weather changes. Kindly suggest something effective.

Dr. Sanjeev Mittal 90% (526 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
This normally happens with teachers take voice rest speak slowly do not stess on your throat you may be allergic to cold /weather .take any anti iallergic tab avoid gargles /spicy food.

I am 29 year's old man. When I am eat spice, oili, cold, and warm food eat then my throat get infected. Last 3 days it is getting more. But when I coughing my split is so sticky please suggested me what can I do?

Dr. Nash Kamdin 94% (3982 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Dear lybrateuser, - Try to avoid fried, spicy & cold fluids like aerated water as it worsens the condition - do steam inhalation twice a day & warm salt water gargles three times a day - have plenty of oral fluids - take syrup Zedex ( wet cough formula), 10 ml three times a day - take tablet Cheston- C, 1 tablet three times a day after meals - avoid exposure to dust & smoke.
1 person found this helpful

Hello Dr. I am suffering from sore throat with swallowing problem for last three days .after gargling few times it is not healed yet. I have little cough but no fever. Please advise some medical treatment.

Dr. Nash Kamdin 94% (3982 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Dear lybrateuser, - Have more of warm fluids, water, tea, coffee, milk, soup, avoid all cold fluids & foods - continue doing gargles with warm salt water three times a day - take tablet Cheston- C, 1 tablet three times a day after meals - have cough lozenges, 1 lozenge three times a day - avoid fried, spicy & sour foods - have a well balanced diet with more of fruits & vegetables, whole grains & protein rich foods to boost your immunity.

It's coming from throat. I feel something in throat. Bt in indoscoping nothing there. From mouth to food pipe. Everything is clear.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (8879 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Take Homoeopathic Medicine Sabadilla 30 one dose.. see if it helps.. or Consult for.proper Homoeopathic treatment..

Carcinoma tongue ,pT3 N2b M0, for my father, he was given four cycles of chemo (placitaxel 260 mg and carboplatin 450 mg) and radiotherapy 3dcrt technique 33 sittings. These were done two months ago. My father still cannot take food orally, fed through ryles tube now doc is telling it is not curable and its advanced stage, he picked up cold during radiotherapy and it still prevails between his chin and throat its like stone very hard. Is it curable, what to do make him comfortable and for his cold (saliva)

Dr. Subhash Chandra Chanana 87% (652 ratings)
FACS, MBBS, MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Gurgaon
Dear Mr. lybrate-user your father has ca tongue in 4th stage where he is can not be operated upon ,the chemo and radio are not responding so pl if you like apalliative alternativ cancer medicine ican advise so that he can be comfortable it is given orally one cap three times a day for 3 to 5 months .if you desiere pl contact through Lybrate for further management and discussion.

Health Quizzes

Strep throat - How to deal with it?

Dr. Sadat Qureshi 89% (139 ratings)
MS - ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Bhopal
Washing hands frequently helps to relieve the symptoms of strep throat? True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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124 people took this quiz

Why your throat itches?

Dr. Hardik Thakker 91% (444 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Allergies are not related to a sore throat. True or false. Take a quiz now.
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699 people took this quiz

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