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Overview

Sore Throat - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Sore Throat?

Sore throats can be very annoying and painful. However, the good news is that most sore throats are caused by minor diseases and so they most often go away without any treatments.

The most common conditions that cause sore throat are:

Bacterial infections that cause sore throats are:

  • Strep throat, which doesn’t occur from congestion and cough.
  • Inflammations caused by tonsillitis and adenoiditis.
  • Peritonsillar abscess, which is an infection of the tissues near the throat.
  • Epiglottitis
  • Uvulitis
  • STD infections like chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea.

Sore throats can also last more than a few weeks if it is caused by an injury or an irritant such as:

  • Throat irritation from smoking, low humidity, yelling, air pollution or because of nasal drainage down the back of the throat.
  • Persistent breathing through the nose because of allergies or for a stuffy nose.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) whereby stomach acid gets back up into the throat, causing cough and acid taste in the mouth, apart from heartburns
  • Chronic fatigue caused by extreme tiredness over a prolonged period of time.

Treatment :

Treatment of sore throat mostly depends on the cause of the malady. There are several Home Remedies that can bring a relief to this illness. However, remember as viral infections are the most common reasons for developing a sore throat- never try to treat sore throats with antibiotics. For unnecessary application of antibiotic medications often leads to an allergic reaction and also side effects like vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, yeast infection and rashes on the skin. Even the undue use of antibiotics may kill the beneficial bacteria in your metabolic system, resulting in development of dangerous anti-biotic resistant bacteria in your body. However sore throat caused by strep infection may require antibiotics for recovery.

As being said even before that sore throats generally do not need any medications to heal, nevertheless, always visit a doctor if your sore throat lasts more than a week.Also go for a medical checkup if you find difficulty in breathing, joint pain, difficulty in swallowing, an earache, a fever over 101˚F, a rash on your body, bloody mucus or a lump in your throat. Generally hoarseness more than two weeks is not considered a good sign for it can always have serious underlying causes which can even be a sign of throat cancer.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Symptoms
An extremely dry throat Swollen and painful glands on the neck White patches that develops on the tonsils. Hoarseness in voice.

Popular Health Tips

Difficulty In Swallowing - Signs You Need To Be Aware Of!

MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Jaipur
Difficulty In Swallowing - Signs You Need To Be Aware Of!

Dysphagia is the medical term associated with difficulty in swallowing. This condition results from an impeded transport of liquids and solids from the pharyngeal opening to the stomach. Some people with dysphagia have difficulty in swallowing certain foods or liquids, while others are unable to swallow at all. Painful swallowing is termed as Odynophagia. It is usually caused by nerve or muscle problems and it can be painful. It is more common in older people and infants.

The different types of dysphagia are as follows:

  • Oral dysphagia (high dysphagia): Caused by tongue weakness after a stroke, difficulty in chewing food, or problems transporting food from the mouth. The causative factor is present in the oral cavity itself.
  • Pharyngeal dysphagia: Throat is the area of causation. Problems in the throat are often caused by a neurological problem that affects the nervous system (e.g. Parkinson's disease, stroke, or sclerosis).
  • Esophageal dysphagia (low dysphagia): Esophagus is affected primarily, usually due to a blockage or irritation. A surgical procedure is often required.

Causes of esophageal dysplasia include

Odynophagia is different condition.  It is possible to be suffering from both conditions at the same time. Globus is the sensation of something being stuck in the throat. Differential diagnosis should be made prior to treatment.

Signs and symptoms of dysphagia include:

  • Inability to swallow
  • Experiencing sensation of food getting stuck in throat or chest
  • Drooling
  • Hoarseness
  • Regurgitation
  • Frequent heartburn
  • Feeling of food or stomach acid back up into the throat
  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Coughing or gagging during swallowing
  • Swallowing disorders needs proper diagnosis before treatment 

Risk factors: 

  • Aging affects the normal wear and tear of the esophagus and increases the risk of swallowing difficulties.  
  • Certain neurological or nervous system disorders are more likely to act as risk factors of dysphagia.
  • Upper GI tract endoscopy is done to provide a confirmatory diagnosis of dysphagia.
  • When the upper GI endoscopy is normal, biopsies are advised to rule out eosinophilic esophagitis.

Diagnosis

Investigations needed Endoscopy Biopsy Barium swallow Manometery(HRM)

Treatment:

Treatment of dysphagia is aimed at an elimination of the cause.

Oropharyngeal or high dysplasia: Since oropharyngeal dysphagia is commonly a neurological problem, provision of an effective treatment is challenging.

  • Targeted treatment is useful, e.g Patients with Parkinson's disease respond well to Parkinson's disease medication.
  • Swallowing therapy is done with a speech and language therapist.
  • The individual will learns different ways of swallowing properly and conveniently.
  • Exercises can help to improve the muscles and their response.
  • Dietary changes are advised.
  • Certain foods and liquids are easier to swallow.
  • A well-balanced diet easy to swallow diet is prescribed.
  • If the patient is at risk of pneumonia, a nasal feeding tube (nasogastric tube) or PEG (percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy) is used to provide nutrition.
  • The PEG tubes are surgically implanted directly into the stomach. They are passed through a small incision in the abdomen.

Esophageal or low dysplasia: Surgical intervention is usually necessary. A dilatation procedure is undertaken to widen the esophagus. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3151 people found this helpful

Sore Throat - What Causes It?

MBBS, DLO
ENT Specialist, Faridabad
Sore Throat - What Causes It?

What is Sore Throat?
A sore or dry throat is an unhealthy and painful scratchy feeling inside the throat which is coupled with pain while swallowing and can cause really bad irritation. A sore throat usually resolves on its own because it is a mild health problem.

Causes of Sore Throat-
A sore throat is caused by many important risk factors. Let us have a look at some of them:

  • Viral infection: It is the most common cause of a sore throat and several viruses are present which can result in a sore throat of many intensities.
  • Toxins like cigarettes, smoke or pollution can also lead to an acute sore throat because of the unhealthy chemicals present in these things.
  • A bad injury or infection in the throat can lead to a chronic sore throat. Sometimes when people should loudly for long periods also result in a sore throat because the tissues burn away of tear apart.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease also causes a sore throat when the acid from the stomach retreats back to the esophageal tract.
  • The development of cancer cells or tumor results in a sore throat and blocks the entire throat tract.

Treating a Sore Throat:
Sore throats are easily curable and sometimes they tend to go away on their own. Let us have a close look at the remedies:

  1. Gargling with warm salt-water will hell you to get rid of sore throat because saltwater helps to wash away the viruses and germs.
  2. Honey mixed in tea is an excellent detoxifier and helps your body and throat to get rid of the unnecessary foreign objects stuck in the tract.
  3. Consuming fenugreek also helps in killing the bacterias which are causing the sore throat.
  4. Chamomile tea is a proven relief during throat sores. It has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant abilities that help the throat to get relief and heal overtime.
  5. Drink warm water or liquids which will constantly keep the throat wet and warm leading to the decline of the bacterias present.
  6. Antibiotics can also be taken for 5-6 days if you think no other remedy is working in the right way. However, try not to give antibiotics to children of young age and stick to home remedies.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2589 people found this helpful

Adenoids and Endoscopic Adenoidectomy!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB - ENT, Allergy Testing
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
Adenoids and Endoscopic Adenoidectomy!

Adenoids are part of the ENT (ear-nose-tongue) area. They are basically lump of tissues situated at the back of the nose and higher up in the throat passage. Along with tonsils, they form a part of the lymphatic system and are also known as pharyngeal tonsils. They work in conjunction with tonsils to keep infections and viruses at bay. They also help in maintaining the body fluid balance.

Adenoids mostly occur in children. They basically start to grow from birth and can become enlarged between the ages of 5 to 7 years. They become swollen by fighting some bacteria or virus. However, by teenage years they start to shrink and completely disappears by adulthood. They do not help in fighting diseases and the body develops other ways to fight germs and bacteria.

Problems Caused by Adenoids:
Although adenoids are not harmful, they can become enlarged or swollen when fighting bacteria or viruses. In such situations, it is best to consult pediatric or ENT specialists. However, there are certain symptoms that occur in children:

  1. Breathing problems- Children may experience difficulty in breathing through the nose. Instead, they breathe through the mouth which might lead to dry mouth resulting in bad breath and cracked lips.
  2. Sleeping problems- Children having swollen adenoids having difficulty in having sound sleep. They might snore or experience sleep apnea (irregular breathing or might stop breathing for few seconds).
  3. Ear infections- Have ear infections and even develop glue ear (the ear duct is filled with fluids).
  4. Sinus problem- Your child may experience runny nose or facial pain.

Diagnosis
If your child is experiencing the above symptoms and having difficulty breathing, its best to visit an ENT specialist to get the adenoids checked out. The adenoids cannot be seen through normal eyes and has to be examined using special methods like endoscopy. An endoscope is a long flexible tube with a light, it is inserted through the mouth and the image of the inside of the mouth is seen on a screen.

Treatments for Adenoids:
Depending on the severity of the adenoids, it can be treated with nasal sprays or drops and antibiotics suggested by a doctor. If the adenoid does not shrink or the problem persists, it’s best to go for adenoidectomy.
What is Adenoidectomy? Adenoidectomy is the surgical removal of adenoids. It is generally performed by an ENT surgeon and carried out through the mouth under general anesthesia. The whole operation only requires a day. Your child is released at the end of the day.

Recovery:
After the surgical procedure, your child may experience:

  1. Sore throat
  2. Ear ache
  3. Stiff jaw
  4. Runny nose
  5. Bad breath

All of these difficulties pass away within a week or two. However, you should be careful as there is always a risk of infection after an operation. In case of excessive bleeding, known as hemorrhage, your child may need another surgery where the bleeding is stopped by cauterization.

Moreover, food and drink should be monitored carefully. As your child will have difficulty in swallowing food, it’s best to have fluids like soups or yoghurt. Remember to give them plenty of water to avoid dehydration.

Adenoids are not scary diseases. So don’t be scared and give your child all the care and support when they are facing difficulty in breathing or sleeping.

1 person found this helpful

Follow These Steps To Prevent Yourself From Getting A Strep Throat!

DNB (ENT), MBBS, MNAMS - Otorhinolaryngology
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
Follow These Steps To Prevent Yourself From Getting A Strep Throat!

Strep throat is a common bacterial infection mostly seen among young adults and children, caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, a group A bacteria, that leads to pain and inflammation in the throat. While some people may have mild symptoms, others may encounter more serious symptoms such as high fever and chills, sore throat, swollen glands, loss of appetite, and difficulty in swallowing food.

If you don’t treat the condition soon enough, strep throat can be really painful and troublesome. Although the ideal treatment option for this condition is antibiotic medications, research studies show that they are only effective in reducing the span of the infection by about half a day. Moreover, antibiotics have adverse side effects on your health, so it is always advisable to steer away from those heavy doses. The best way to keep yourself healthy and free from a strep throat is to prevent it from the very beginning. Here are a few steps you can follow to prevent yourself from getting a strep throat-

  1. Avoid contact- Coughing and sneezing which are the usual symptoms of a strep throat, can be contagious. The infection usually spreads from person to person so make sure you do not come in contact with the person suffering from a strep throat for at least a week or two. Also, keep your mouth covered if you ever come in contact with a sick person.
  2. Maintain good hygiene- Good hygiene is the key to a healthy body. In order to keep the infection at bay make sure you use an anti-bacterial soap or hand wash to clean your hands before and after you have your meal. If you’re traveling around then always carry a hand sanitizer.
  3. Change your diet- Include lots of fluid to your diet. Drinking lots of water and fluids will not only keep you hydrated, but will also moisten and lubricate your throat therefore reducing your chances of being affected by a strep throat. Include vitamin supplements or food that are rich in vitamins and avoid spicy or citrus food as they are likely to cause an irritable strep throat.
  4. Avoid smoking- Smoking causes irritation to the throat tissues, which in turn increases the chance of getting a strep throat. So stop smoking, and avoid coming in contact with smokers as well.

Although strep throat may not sound like a chronic illness, it can lead to serious complications if not prevented at the outset. Since there are no proven vaccines to prevent the infection, adopting these aforementioned steps can help you stay away from a strep throat. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2650 people found this helpful

Sore Throat - Factors That Can Put You At Risk!

MS-ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Noida
Sore Throat - Factors That Can Put You At Risk!

If you are experiencing pain, irritation, or itchiness in your throat, the condition is referred to as a sore throat. It is likely for you to face difficulty in swallowing food and the pain worsens when you want to swallow. The primary symptom of a sore throat is throat pain. People of all ages can get affected by a sore throat.

Causes
There are several causes of a sore throat. The most common ones are as follows:

Viral infection
• Viral infections are the most common causes of sore throat.
• These are the infections that are caused by a virus, like the flu or cold.
Measles, chicken pox, and croup are other viral infections that cause a sore throat.

Bacterial infection
• Several bacterial infections also lead to a sore throat.
• They may include strep throat, diphtheria, and whooping cough.

Environmental factors
• Several environmental factors also cause sore throat.
• Exposure to pollen, mold, pet dander, and several other irritants leads to postnasal drip.
• This causes throat pain and inflammation.
• Exposure to dry air, and smoking cigarettes are also common causes of a sore throat.

Diagnosis
• For the diagnosis of a sore throat, a physical examination of your throat is carried out, and your throat will be examined using a lighted instrument.

• Doctors usually look out for inflammations and white patches that indicate strep throat. Your breathing will also be checked.
• The back of your throat can be swabbed for examining samples in order to determine the virus.
• Certain blood tests may also be required to be undertaken.

Treatment
• The treatment of sore throat depends on the cause.
• In case your sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection, you will be prescribed antibiotics for killing the infectious bacteria.
• The medicines should be taken strictly according to a doctor’s prescription.
• You should complete the course of 10 days to get effective results.
• If you stop the treatment at an early stage on noticing improvements, a sore throat can recur soon.

There are certain simple home remedies which are effective for curing the most common forms of sore throat. They include:
• Gargling with warm, salted water.
• Consuming warm fluids like soup, tea, and water.
• Having throat lozenges.
• Reducing the inflammation using ibuprofen and acetaminophen.
• Avoiding exposure to allergens and irritants.

In case your sore throat is caused by a viral infection, the virus should be left to run its course. During its course, you will be prescribed medicines like pain relievers and decongestants for relieving the symptoms. Antiviral drugs are also used in some cases for fighting the virus effectively. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.

3396 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am Suffering from throat infection has given arithomycin azithral 500No improvement with that Can you suggest any other medicine.

MBBS
General Physician, Hyderabad
Hello lybrate-user for throat infection you do gargaling with hot water thrice daily more enquiry consult me.

Some un easy in my throat, sore throat, lymph nodes, cold,some times fever, eyes burning, mouth ulcer this happen from last two weeks I am afraid this is a throat cancer may I know the difference between throat infection and throat cancer.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Trivandrum
Throat infection and throat cancer are entirely different entity. Throat infections usually starts suddenly whereas throat cancer is a slow growing type. Most of the throat cancers are initially pain less. Lymph nodes are common for both but lymph nodes in infections starts seeing immediately while for cancers it will take much time. Your symptoms seems to he like infection only and don't be panic.
1 person found this helpful

My mom gets allergic sneeze and throat infection, early in morning, it has become a daily thing. It is happening for the past few years. Please suggest how to cure this allergic reaction.

MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Trivandrum
Preventive measure. Keep cotton cloths out of the near or keep in shelf. Avoid curtains where dust can easily hide. Avoid putting fan in full speed. Keep the habit of taking enough fruits and vegetables. Change the bed sheet, blanket, pillow cover atleast every alternate day. Can also start of medication for a while. For medicine you can always consult. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

I'm suffering from sore on thorat from 2 weak then I check my blood report my cholesterol level is 208 and tsh level is 7.6 so what can I do please suggest me.

MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Trivandrum
Sore throat can come due to multiple reasons. It can be a gastritis problem or can even be due to allergy or begining of pharyngitis. Your TSH level is high 7.2. Should consult a surgeon or ENT specialist asap. For more details pls consult.

Table of Content

What is Sore Throat?

The most common conditions that cause sore throat are:

Treatment :

Play video
Sore Throat - Causes And Remedies
Hello everyone,

I am Dr Madhulika Sharma. I have been practicing daily for 15 years and I would be telling you precisely on the topic of sore throat. People are not that aware of the topic sore throat because what they feel is the common complaints that I have irritation in the throat, I have been feeling of dryness, I have a little bit of pain in my throat that really pains and when I swallow these are the common complaints so many a times reason not only associated with sore throat some of the patients have others some have actual infections from other things associated with that show not only the treatment is the same every time.

So we need to consult a specialist to treat it the most common cause of sore throat as you call it pain in the throat is viral infection which in most of the case they do not need to treatment at all they can be mild infection in case of mild infection simple gargle simple home remedies will also help but yeah if you do not feel comfortable even after 2 days. You should go to the specialist then. The second most common cause is bacterial infections in those cases the patients will have fever and have small swellings Indian roads there are other associated symptoms like fever which is not responding to medication at all.

All these symptoms can be associated with most commonly with bacterial infection. then apart from that sometimes these infections lead to abscess formation that is all the more grave because many times we do take medication from outside and they just keep continuing that and then the abscess builds up and then that leads to severe complications so whatever we take simple medicines we should try only for 2-3 days not more than that because after that it becomes difficult for patients as well as doctor.

Now I apart from this many a times very few patients come with pain in throat they have been taking treatment and actually the causes something else sometimes there are other inside the throat that only we can see only ENT specialist can examine then we can come to know that you have this problem and just treating the answer itself reads the problem right then sometimes there are foreign bodies that are stuck in the throat people think that it is sore throat and start taking medication for that so all these things have to be treated only after proper examination and but of course it is not a Grave problem most of the times so initial one or two days you can of course take medication rest simple warm saline gargle is a wonder drug that can help each and every patient and you can always contact me online rate on other sites and I would be really happy to help you.

Thank you so much!
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