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Overview

Sore Throat - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Sore throats can be very annoying and painful. However, the good news is that most sore throats are caused by minor diseases and so they most often go away without any treatments.

The most common conditions that cause sore throat are:

  • Laryngitis- infection in the voice box.
  • Kissing disease or Mononucleosis- A viral infection that causes persistent sore throat.
  • Other viral infections- Influenza, herpangina, mumps and other similar viral diseases.

Bacterial infections that cause sore throats are:

  • Strep throat, which doesn’t occur from congestion and cough.
  • Inflammations caused by tonsillitis and adenoiditis.
  • Peritonsillar abscess, which is an infection of the tissues near the throat.
  • Epiglottitis
  • Uvulitis
  • STD infections like chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea.

Sore throats can also last more than a few weeks if it is caused by an injury or an irritant such as:

  • Throat irritation from smoking, low humidity, yelling, air pollution or because of nasal drainage down the back of the throat.
  • Persistent breathing through the nose because of allergies or for a stuffy nose.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) whereby stomach acid gets back up into the throat, causing cough and acid taste in the mouth, apart from heartburns
  • Chronic fatigue caused by extreme tiredness over a prolonged period of time.

Treatment of sore throat mostly depends on the cause of the malady. There are several Home Remedies that can bring a relief to this illness. However, remember as viral infections are the most common reasons for developing a sore throat- never try to treat sore throats with antibiotics. For unnecessary application of antibiotic medications often leads to an allergic reaction and also side effects like vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, yeast infection and rashes on the skin. Even the undue use of antibiotics may kill the beneficial bacteria in your metabolic system, resulting in development of dangerous anti-biotic resistant bacteria in your body. However sore throat caused by strep infection may require antibiotics for recovery.

As being said even before that sore throats generally do not need any medications to heal, nevertheless, always visit a doctor if your sore throat lasts more than a week. Also go for a medical checkup if you find difficulty in breathing, joint pain, difficulty in swallowing, an earache, a fever over 101˚F, a rash on your body, bloody mucus or a lump in your throat. Generally hoarseness more than two weeks is not considered a good sign for it can always have serious underlying causes which can even be a sign of throat cancer.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Symptoms
An extremely dry throat Swollen and painful glands on the neck White patches that develops on the tonsils. Hoarseness in voice.

Popular Health Tips

Throat Infection Home Remedies In Hindi - गले में खराश के घरेलु उपचार

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Throat Infection Home Remedies In Hindi - गले में खराश के घरेलु उपचार
गले में संक्रमण या खराश आजकल एक आम समस्या है. जब भी आपको 38 डीग्री सेंटीग्रेट से अधिक बुखार हो, गले या गर्दन में सुजन हो, निगलने में परेशानी हो या पेट दर्द हो तो आपके गले में संक्रमण हो सकता है. गले में खराश आने के कई कारण हो सकते हैं जैसे प्रदूषित हवा, बदलता मौसम, अत्यधिक ठन्डे पदार्थों का सेवन, प्रतिकूल खान-पान आदि. इसलिए अपने गले का ध्यान रखना महत्वपूर्ण है. गले में खराश से बचने और हो जाने पर इसे दूर करने के लिए कुछ घरेलु उपचार हम आपको बता रहे हैं. 1. गुनगुने पानी और नमक गले में संक्रमण का सबसे पहला और आसान उपाय ये है कि आप गुनगुने पानी में हल्का नमक डालकर दिन में तीन बार गरारे करें. क्या होता है कि आपके गले में संक्रमण की वजह से सांस की झिल्ली की कोशिकाओं में सुजन आ जाती है और गरम पानी के गरारे से सुजन में कमी आने के कारण गले में खराश से राहत मिलती है. गुनगुने पानी में सिरका मिलाकर पिने से भी आराम मिलता है. 2. भाप से गले की सिकाई कई बार आपके गले में खराश का कारण गले का सुखना भी हो सकता है. इसमें राहत के लिए आपको किसी गमले या इसी जैसे खुले मुंह वाले बर्तन में पानी खौला कर तौलिये या किसी बड़े कपड़े को सर पर रखकर भाप लें. दिन में दो बार ऐसा करने से आपके राहत मिलेगी. 3. अदरक और लौंग एंटीबैक्टीरियल गुणों से भरपूर अदरक और लौंग गले में इन्फेक्शन से उबरने में काफी मदद करते हैं. एक लौंग मुंह में रखकर उसका रस धीरे-धीरे चुसें. एक कप पानी में अदरक डालकर उबालें और जब पानी गुनगुना रह जाए तो उसमें थोड़ा शहद मिलाकर इसे दिन में तीन बार पिएं. ये भी गले में संक्रमण से बचने का घरेलु उपाय है. 4. मुलेठी भी दूर करे गले का संक्रमण मुलेठी औषधीय गुणों से भरपूर होता है. गले में खराश से बचने के लिए आप सोते समय एक ग्राम मुलेठी की छोटी सी गांठ मुख में रखकर कुछ देर चबाने से सुबह तक गला साफ़ होता है. इससे दर्द और सुजन दोनों दूर होता है. 5. काली मिर्च, बताशा और तुलसी सभी घरों में आसानी से उपलब्ध बराबर मात्रा में काली मिर्च और बताशा मिलाकर रात में सोने से पहले धीरे-धीरे चबाएं. इसके अलावा एक कप पानी में 4-5 कालीमिर्च एवं तुलसी की पत्तियों को मिलाकर काढ़ा बनाकर पिने से भी राहत मिलती है. काली मिर्च के साथ दो बादाम पीसकर पिने से भी आराम मिलता है. 6. अंजीर और सुहागा गले की खराश मिटाने के लिए उपलब्ध कई घरेलु तरीकों में एक ये भी है कि पानी में 5 अंजीर डालकर उबाल लें. फिर इसे छानकर पानी को सुबह-शाम गर्मा-गरम पिएं. इसके अलावा आधा ग्राम कच्चे सुहागे को भी मुंह में लेकर उसका रस चूसने से फायदा होता है. 7. मुनक्के से मिटे खराश कई लोगों को अक्सर ही गले के संक्रमण से दो-चार होना पड़ता है. उन्हें जुकाम में एलर्जी के कारण भी गले में तकलीफ का सामना करना पड़ता है. ऐसे लोगों के लिए सबसे बढ़िया उपाय है कि वो सुबह शाम दोनों समय चार या पांच मुनक्का के दाने खूब चबाकर खाएं लेकिन ऊपर से पानी न पिएं. 10 दिन लगातार ऐसा करने से आपको राहत मिलेगा. 8. दूध का दूध, पानी का पानी रात को सोने से पहले दूध और पानी की समान मात्रा मिलाकर पिने से भी लाभ मिलता है. ऐसा करने से गले में नमी आती है. 9. पालक पालक के पत्तों को भी इसके लिए इस्तेमाल कर सकते हैं. इसके लिए आपको पालक के पत्तों को पीसकर इसकी पट्टी गले में बांधनी होगी. फिर इस पट्टी को 15-20 मिनट के बाद खोल दें. 10. सौंफ गले के संक्रमण से सौंफ भी सुरक्षा प्रदान करता है. जब भी आपके गले में संक्रमण हो आप सुबह-सुबह चुटकी भर सौंफ मुंह में लेकर धीरे-धीरे चबाएं. इससे भी आराम मिलेगा.
4 people found this helpful

Viral Throat Infection - Get Relief!

Dr. Meena Agrawal 91% (348 ratings)
DNB, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MBBS
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Viral Throat Infection - Get Relief!
The common reason why most of us get throat infections is because they are viral in nature. This means that if one person gets a throat infection then he transmits it to others by touching, coughing and sneezing etc. Viral throat infections can be managed easily. There are several home remedies that can alleviate your viral infection. However, it is suggested to consult an ENT specialist if the home remedy is not providing any relief to you. Gargling: It is one of the most popular methods of treating viral throat infection. All you need to do is mix one tablespoon of salt in 200 ml of water and warm the solution. When the water becomes lukewarm, take a small portion of it and rinse your throat with the solution. Take care that the solution remains within your throat and does not reach your stomach. Rinse your throat for 5 minutes and repeat the procedure after a rest of 2 minutes. Ensure that the water remains lukewarm for effectiveness. Inhalation: Another common method of ridding yourself of viral throat infections is to inhale steam. Boil some water mixed with eucalyptus oil. When the water starts developing bubbles, take your face near it, cover it and the pot containing water with a dry towel and inhale the steam. This procedure is inconvenient for many people because inhalation results in sweating, but the result is perceptible. You must inhale steam for at least five minutes. Once you are done with inhalation, avoid taking cool fluids like cold water etc., else the effect would be reversed and your infection might get more severe. Take lots of fluids: Strange as it may sound, viral throat infection can also be treated by taking lots of hot fluids. The warm temperature helps in neutralising the viruses, while the fluids prevent the dehydration of the body. Take hot tea, coffee etc. when you have an infected throat. Drink hot milk and turmeric: Many mothers administer this solution to their kids to treat throat infections caused by viruses. This concoction is best taken before sleeping in the night. Turmeric has been found to carry several anti-microbial properties. Avoid smoking: If you are a smoker, you must avoid smoking to alleviate your viral throat infection. Use decongestants and nasal sprays: These substances make breathing easier by contracting the swollen mucous membranes. Nasal sprays also help relieve runny noses and post-nasal drips, which are so irritating and inconvenient to many. However, avoid administering this remedy to small children. Since these sprays contain synthetic drugs, it is advisable to stick to prescribed dosages for different age groups. Please also consult your ENT doctor before administering the nasal sprays to yourself or anybody else.
2 people found this helpful

Flu - Can It Affect Your Pregnancy?

Dr. Sagar Bumb 90% (14 ratings)
DGO , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Flu - Can It Affect Your Pregnancy?
When you are pregnant, the need to watch your health is significantly higher. It is not just a question of your health, but of the developing baby also. This makes it extremely significant as different bacteria and viruses could affect the baby s development and even lead to complications with pregnancy and childbirth. The flu, short for influenza, is a mild viral infection that affects the upper airways, including the nose, throat, and sinuses. The usual symptoms include nose blockage, runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, cough, heavy headed feeling. It is caused by a virus and therefore there is no remedy for it. It has to run its course which usually takes about 7 days, and the body will fight off the infection on its own. Symptomatic treatment including paracetamol and adequate hydration can help live through the flu. Though it is common in any weather, the winters increase the risk. Another increased risk factor is the reduced immune levels in a pregnant woman, making them more prone to catching the flu. This could lead to complications like pneumonia which might require hospitalisation and prolonged treatment with antibiotics. The baby could also be at risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, and premature birth. Symptoms: If you do catch the flu during your pregnancy, you will notice the following symptoms a headache, runny nose, fatigue, sore throat, shortness of breath, coughing, sudden chills or fever, diarrhoea or vomiting, and body aches, and loss of appetite. Management: If you suspect that you could have the flu, contact the doctor immediately. Taking safe antiviral medications can help reduce the duration of the illness and reduce pain and suffering. In addition, getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of fluids can help recovery. Acetaminophen can help manage the fever, while Robitussin and guaifenesin can help manage the cough. Prevention: If you are planning for pregnancy or are already pregnant, it makes great sense to get vaccinated for the flu. This can help prevent a flu attack and sail through pregnancy smoothly. In addition to protecting the mother, the flu vaccine also transmits the virus to the newborn, which gets immunity for up to 6 months of life. The vaccine also has a beneficial effect on the newborn. It is safe to get the flu vaccine during pregnancy, though taking it in the early months is advisable. It is also safe during breastfeeding with no harmful effects documented. In addition, some healthy habits like regularly washing hands, eating healthy, getting adequate sleep, and keeping a safe distance from people with flu can help prevent flu attack. While prevention is the best solution, if contracted, the flu can be managed well by seeking immediate medical attention.

Sore Throat - Factors That Can Put You At Risk!

Dr. Vivek Kumar Pathak 90% (191 ratings)
MS-ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Noida
Sore Throat - Factors That Can Put You At Risk!
If you are experiencing pain, irritation, or itchiness in your throat, the condition is referred to as a sore throat. It is likely for you to face difficulty in swallowing food and the pain worsens when you want to swallow. The primary symptom of a sore throat is throat pain. People of all ages can get affected by a sore throat. Causes There are several causes of a sore throat. The most common ones are as follows: Viral infection Viral infections are the most common causes of sore throat. These are the infections that are caused by a virus, like the flu or cold. Measles, chicken pox, and croup are other viral infections that cause a sore throat. Bacterial infection Several bacterial infections also lead to a sore throat. They may include strep throat, diphtheria, and whooping cough. Environmental factors Several environmental factors also cause sore throat. Exposure to pollen, mold, pet dander, and several other irritants leads to postnasal drip. This causes throat pain and inflammation. Exposure to dry air, and smoking cigarettes are also common causes of a sore throat. Diagnosis For the diagnosis of a sore throat, a physical examination of your throat is carried out, and your throat will be examined using a lighted instrument. Doctors usually look out for inflammations and white patches that indicate strep throat. Your breathing will also be checked. The back of your throat can be swabbed for examining samples in order to determine the virus. Certain blood tests may also be required to be undertaken. Treatment The treatment of sore throat depends on the cause. In case your sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection, you will be prescribed antibiotics for killing the infectious bacteria. The medicines should be taken strictly according to a doctor s prescription. You should complete the course of 10 days to get effective results. If you stop the treatment at an early stage on noticing improvements, a sore throat can recur soon. There are certain simple home remedies which are effective for curing the most common forms of sore throat. They include: Gargling with warm, salted water. Consuming warm fluids like soup, tea, and water. Having throat lozenges. Reducing the inflammation using ibuprofen and acetaminophen. Avoiding exposure to allergens and irritants. In case your sore throat is caused by a viral infection, the virus should be left to run its course. During its course, you will be prescribed medicines like pain relievers and decongestants for relieving the symptoms. Antiviral drugs are also used in some cases for fighting the virus effectively.
3393 people found this helpful

Sore Throat - Homeopathic Remedies For It!

Dr. Ritu Singh 88% (14 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
Sore Throat - Homeopathic Remedies For It!
Homeopathy is considered to be an untested medicine for many. This is why so many patients who have a sore throat immediately turn to tablets, hot water or even syrups to relieve the pain. Different causes of a sore throat will have different remedies. Here are the some of the homeopathic remedies for different causes of a sore throat. Belladonna: This is the best medicine when there is any difficulty swallowing. It is also very readily available. HeparSulph: Heparsulph is generally used when there is a sensation in your throat, which feels like there is some sort of splinter. Phosporus: Phosphorus is a more widely used homeopathic remedy. It is used to treat what is called as 'clergyman's' sore throat. This is when there is a tickling sensation in the larynx. Lachesis: This is also a very uncommon and rarely required medicine. However, sometimes our throat feels sore only when we take liquids. In this case, lachesis is the ideal remedy. Bryonia: Bryonia is a much more common homeopathy. It is used when there is a cough accompanying the sore throat. Merc sol: Tonsilltis is generally considered to be a condition too serious to cure with homeopathy. However, Merc sol does do this effectively. Belladonna is also pretty good at it. They also help with a sore throat. Arsenicum album: This medication is most commonly used when a sore throat is accompanied by a cold. Aconite: Aconite is considered even better than arsenicum album in treating a sore throat which is also accompanied by a cold. Capsicum: This is a great homeopathic rememdy for a pain in the throat which goes all the way to the ears. Argentium metallicum: Argentium Metallicum is used when the soreness of your throat worsens with the use of the voice. Professional singers and public speakers are especially in need of this medicine as they frequently use their voice. Chamomilla: This remedy is especially great for helping cure sore throat in children. Baryta carbonicum: This is a remedy used for a very similar reason to what chamomilla is used for.

Popular Questions & Answers

I have sore throat from one month. It started with cold but cold cure in one week. I have sore throat but no cough no cold no runny nose. What should I do?

Dr. Avdhesh Gupta 92% (625 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Jaipur
Sore throat due to infection common in changing season take antibiotics antihistamminic antiinflamatory on doctors prescription and try gurgles with Listerine put a tsf in lukewarm water twice or have steam inhalation to get relief.
1 person found this helpful

Doctor, three days back I developed sore throat. Two days back had fever (100.5) took only one paracetamol and after that body temperature till today (3rd day) is Normal .but I am having joint pains ,heavy legs and very mild cramp .i went MD doc. He did CBP. He told everything is normal. Platelets are adequate, lymphocytes 36% .can this be dengue? I don’t have fever .i have only joint pain in left elbow and legs are heavy.

Dr. Prem Chand 92% (1453 ratings)
MBBS, Craniosacral Balancing, Quantum Touch, Visceral manipulation
Pain Management Specialist, Panchkula
It's a viral type of infection. It may take 5 to 7 days for recovery. No need to worry. You should have more of liquid diet like milk, fresh fruit juice, coconut water etc. Wishing you a healthy life.
1 person found this helpful

Sometimes when I eat hot or spicy food I feel some mint feeling in my throat, what could be the cause. Please help.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 89% (2033 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath,
This may be due to acid reflux I think,,take food in every 3-4 hrs interval,,take non spicy food,,take lemon with honey in the morning,, with this u need proper homoeopathic treatment to cure this

I have sour throat with cough and I feel chills with fever and body pain. What medicine should I take.

Dr. Shriganesh Diliprao Deshmukh 88% (1272 ratings)
International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
bioch 6 no 3 tabs 2tom day for19 days cal carb 12c 3tims a day for wk merc sol 12c 3tims day for 5 days spongia 6c 3tims a day for wk kalibich 200 one dose alliu cepa 3c one dose day for 12 days inform me progress

Health Quizzes

Why your throat itches?

Dr. Hardik Thakker 90% (412 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Allergies are not related to a sore throat. True or false. Take a quiz now.
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