Cold or also referred to as common cold is a viral infection which impacts the nose and the throat of the person. It’s a mild viral infection which affects upper respiratory tract (nose and throat). It is considered to be harmless and many viruses can cause this common type of cold. The discharge from nose becomes yellow or green and may be thicker as the cold runs. This is a very common type of infection across the world. It can happen due to changes in weather of the place. Small children under the age of six are at greater risks. On an average, a person can expect two to three colds in a year. One can recover from cold in 10 days or a week. Symptoms tend to prevail among those who smoke. It is better to consult a doctor if the symptoms don’t improve.
The symptoms start popping up after three days of your exposure to the cold virus. The symptoms vary among individuals and the common symptoms are a sore throat, running nose, cough, body aches and headaches, congestion, low fever, a feeling of unwell. In some cases as the time prolongs the discharge from nose becomes yellow or green and may be thicker as the cold runs. There is nothing to be worried about bacterial infection in such cases. Cold requires the patient to maintain a proper hygiene especially while sneezing, while experiencing running nose. Person with weak immune system when nearby a person suffering from common cold easily catches this viral infection. Rhinoviruses are the main reason behind the cold. The virus can enter our body through eyes, nose, and mouth. When someone who is sick sneezes or coughs or talks virus droplets spread in the air and spread the infection. Hand to hand contact with someone having cold and contaminated objects such as toys, towels or utensils can spread the cold from one to others.
Though cold can be treated easily at home and requires maintaining a clean and healthy hygiene. But in case of conditions like the following it is advised to consult the doctor immediately:
This common cold can be diagnosed from their symptoms and signs. If a bacterial infection is suspected, then the patient will be asked to take a chest X-ray and some other test to know the root cause of the symptoms.
Common cold is a very common disease and the treatment can be done through self-management in terms of ensuring proper hygienic practices. But if the condition is severe and symptoms like short breath, pain in throat, severe headache and persistent fever is noticed it is advised to consult the doctor immediately. The doctor shall examine the symptoms and thus may examine, nose, throat and ear. if the conditions are complicated the doctor may ask for an X-ray of chest and in some cases may ask for a sputum test. The available treatment for the common cold is as follows:
There is no as such cure for the cold. It is suggested not to use antibiotics until you are prone to bacterial infection due to the cold virus. Treatment aims at getting out of the sign and symptoms.
If it is common cold it gets completely cured through the above medications, but if the condition is due to other diseases the doctor may advise for further examination like sputum test etc.
Those who are having symptoms of cold which includes running nose, pain in throat, fever, ear pain, etc. for more than five days can check the doctor and take medications. If you have breathing trouble and wheezing, then it is advisable to check with a doctor.
Normally everyone will have immunity to fight back to cold and fever. If it’s cured by itself and temperature is mild then it is advisable not to take any antibiotics and other medication. If the temperature and symptoms of cold stay for more than three to five days, then better to consult a doctor. Moreover people who are having other ailments or are allergic to medicines like NSAIDs which include anti-pyretic medicines are thus not eligible for the treatment.
Some of the side effects are as follows:
There is no vaccination to prevent the cold from being spreading. Some of the guidelines to follow are
The treatment recovery time varies from the patient condition to condition and differs from the mode of the treatment opted for the patient. It will take three to five days to recover from a normal cold and its symptoms. If you are prone to bacterial infection then it would take a bit more time of around 10-15 days to get rid of the disease.
The common cold and its treatment are very reasonable and cheap. A doctor consultation would cost you on an average Rs 100 to Rs 200. An x-ray or blood test can cost you around s 150 and the medications are also cheap around Rs 100 to Rs 200. Thus, the cumulative cost for the common cold treatment would be Rs: 500 to Rs: 3000 INR.
The results are very effective. You can get rid of cold through medicine usage in three to five days. Maintain good hygiene and healthy diet to prevent the cold and its symptoms to reoccur. This is a disease which can occur any time in a patient. But the cure results are permanent in nature.
Some of the alternatives treatment for the common cold is as follows: