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Overview

Gerd - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Gastritis?

GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease can be a serious condition. It takes place in children and is quite common. The disease can often be unrecognised as the symptoms may be misunderstood. This is sad, as GERD generally is treatable. Serious complications might arise if it hasn’t been properly treated. Heartburn is not the sole symptom, but is the typical symptom for GERD. The disease may not show any other visible symptoms. Heartburn may be resulting from disorders taking place outside and inside the oesophagus. GERD gets mistreated or self-treated way too often. It is chronic in nature and treatment is long term even after the symptoms have been managed. Daily life style modifications need to be followed for complying with the medicines. Education and follow ups can help in managing it. Painful symptoms which might undermine a person’s life quality often characterize GERD. Various techniques may be used effectively for treating GERD. They include changing lifestyle patterns, medicine use and surgery. Chronic GERD sufferers need accurate diagnosis and need help from their doctors for receiving the best possible treatment.

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There is a lower oesophageal lining abnormality in Barrett’s oesophagus. It is supposed to be due to chronic GERD. Most people suffering from GERD don’t have any such abnormality. Those having Barrett’s oesophagus have a greater chance of having oesophageal cancer. An endoscope can be used to detect Barrett’s oesophagus, but a biopsy is essential for diagnosis. GERD diagnosis may be suspected from the patient’s complaints to their doctor, more so when they are typical. If the patient has uncommon symptoms or the doctor feels the need for confirmatory tests, here are a few diagnostic essentials:

Esophagram- In this oesophageal radiographic study, the patient is made to swallow barium and the radiologist can see the stomach and oesophagus under fluoroscopy. This can help determine any problem of oesophageal narrowing or the presence of any hiatal hernia. It can even estimate of the extent of muscular contractions in the oesophagus. The small intestine and the oesophageal lining can also be directly viewed with the endoscope passing into the small intestine via the mouth, oesophagus, small intestine and stomach. Potential damage can be viewed with a direct view of the oesophageal lining.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Symptoms
Pain in the upper abdomen. Pain in the chest. Bitter taste or sour taste in the mouth. Recurrent vomiting, belching, heartburn, nausea and regurgitation.

Popular Health Tips

5 Common Stomach Disorders!

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - General Medicine, DNB (Medical), MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
5 Common Stomach Disorders!

A healthy digestive system is a boon for any person, but very few people in the world have immaculate digestion. Disorders related to digestion can create serious issues, which may, in the future, lead to severe and chronic diseases. Here is a look at some of the most common stomach disorders that may plague you or someone you know.

  1. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): Many a time you may have heard people complaining about acidity. This acidity is the primary symptom of GERD. People suffering from the same can experience pain and a burning sensation in the center of their chests. This usually occurs after you have just finished off a meal. Ingesting spicy food may also lead to the condition. However, it is important to remember that not all acid reflux cases are indicative of GERD. If the frequency of such acid reflux increases, it could be a pointer for GERD.
  2. GallstonesGallstones are small and hard crystalline deposits that are formed in the gallbladder. The main cause of gallstone is excess cholesterol and deposition of bile in the bladder, in case the gallbladder does not empty completely. Gallstones can cause sharp pain and need to be removed using laser surgery. Smaller stones may be passed out naturally with feces, by the help of medication, without the need for surgeries.
  3. Celiac diseaseCeliac disease is a disorder where the body’s immune system reacts violently towards gluten. Gluten is a form of protein, which is often found in bread and any product containing refined flour. People suffering from celiac disease may need to be admitted to the hospital due to an allergic reaction to gluten. There is no permanent treatment for this disorder and people, who suffer from this disease, need to stay away from gluten forever.
  4. Irritable bowel syndromeAs the name suggests, irritation in the digestive tract may be a sign of IBS. In such a case, you will feel terrible pain and discomfort. Other symptoms include constipation in some cases, while diarrhea may also be caused as a result of the disorder. If you are suffering from the disease, ensure that you stay away from dairy products, artificial sweeteners, alcohol and caffeine.
  5. Ulcerative ColitisThe large intestine is affected in this condition It is caused when your immune system mistakes food for foreign particles and rejects it. If you experience pain and diarrhea or notice blood in your stool, it could be indicative of ulcerative colitis.
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Exercises That Can Help Relieve Hip Pain!

MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Sports injuries, Shoulder & Knee arthroscopy, Fellowship in Paediatric Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Delhi
Exercises That Can Help Relieve Hip Pain!

Dealing with hip pain is a daunting task. The pain can affect even walking or sitting. While alleviating pain with pills and medication can keep off the suffering, strengthening the hips is crucial. Exercises are perfect means to stay off of hip pain. The following are some of the exercises that an individual suffering from hip pain can perform to seek relief.

  1. Lying March: This is an easy way to assuage the hip pain. Lie flat on your back. Choose a flat surface for this exercise. Bend your knees and keep your hands on the side. Stiffen your abdominal muscles, and raise one leg up to 4 inches. Hold in the position for a few seconds. Lower the leg slowly. Now do the same with the other leg. It is better to stay in this position for 30 seconds, and then move on to the other leg.
  2. Planks: Stand on all fours. Your back should be straight. Now, start with planks by raising one knee, and there should be no bending of the back. Stay in this position for 5 seconds. Then alternate the leg. Repeat at least 5 times. If you have been doing this for long and are confident, move to the advanced level. This involves raising one leg and opposite arm simultaneously. Stay in this position for 5 seconds. Then go back to all fours position.
  3. Marching on the Ball: Sit comfortably on the exercise ball. Keep your feet shoulder apart, flat on the ground. Your toes should be firm on the ground and slowly raise one heel. When you want to try an advanced level, you can raise the entire feet off the ground. Stay in this position for 10 to 15 seconds. Slowly bring the foot down and change to the other leg.
  4. Half Crunch on Ball: Sit straight on the exercise ball and keep your feet flat on the floor. Keep your arms crossed on the chest. You can also keep the arms on hips. Bend the hip and raise the toes to lean around 45 degrees back. Now, push your stomach muscles to get back to the original position. Your feet should not move during this process, only then your ab muscles and hip are strengthened.
  5. Workout for thighs: Often, it is only the affected area that we focus upon for pain relief. But one has to take care of the adjacent area too, if complete cure is what you are looking for. This is why exercising the thigh muscles is important. For this, lie on the side. Raise the leg, and try to reach a height of 6 inches. Hold for 3 to 4 seconds. Bring the leg down slowly. Repeat the same with the other side. Perform at least 3 sets of 10 repetitions. However, stop it immediately if you experience severe pain.
  6. Flexion: Lie flat on the back. Place the leg on the ground, and start bending it slowly. Wrap your arms around the leg. Shin area should be held. Slowly pull the leg to your chest. Stay in this position for 3 to 5 seconds. Do it 10 times. Now do the same with the alternate leg.
  7. Squeeze Knees: Start with rolling a soft towel. Stop when it comes to a cylindrical shape. Bend your knees as you lie back. The feet should be on the ground, and now place the towel between the knees. Squeeze the knees, and it should be hard enough to engage your butt muscles and thigh muscles in this action. Hold for 3 seconds. Release. Do again for 10 times.

When doing all these exercises, you need to be careful about two things. Always choose a flat surface to lie straight and stop immediately if you experience pain.

Failed IVF Cycle - How Can You Bounce Back?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO
IVF Specialist, Gurgaon
Failed IVF Cycle - How Can You Bounce Back?

When you have found hope but lose it in a short span of time, you certainly find it hard to stay strong. Women, who are trying to get pregnant, go for IVF after trying for years – taking medications, choosing IUI, and lots of other things. IVF is expensive and involves lots of processes. When it fails, no woman can avoid being shattered. In fact, this can even depress the doctor. Usually, the patients consider it as negligence on the doctor’s end or call the doctor incompetent. Doctors may doubt if the patient had followed their instructions. However, the doctors have the advantage of the knowledge and know there can be lots of reasons behind a failed IVF.

  • Become a part of support group: Follow a support group. Thankfully, the internet is full of women groups with a range of pregnancy complications. IVF troubles are one of them. You would be boosted emotionally when you come to know women who have conceived after many failed attempts. They share experiences and come up with the most positive thoughts compared with the rest of the world. You can also vent out your feelings, and find shoulders to comfort while being anonymous. No one pities you but empathizes with you, which is the need of the hour at that time.
  • Get to know all about the IVF cycle: In most cases, you chose IVF because you are childless for years. Taking time to get to know the IVF procedure tree is mandatory. Your doctor helps in identifying the steps, and in fact, can explain everything. When you feel something isn’t right, check with the medical professionals. While online resources can lend a helping hand most of the times, they can be a bit confusing.

Don’t fret. Understand every failure is bound to make you stronger. Your goals can be achieved through different means, and failure just reminds you that this time it didn’t work. Your body is a big mystery and don’t expect to understand it and get all the troubles resolved at one go. IVF isn’t a magic wand.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

Dermal Fillers - Know The Benefits Involved!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Aesthetic Medicine Specialist, Kanpur
Dermal Fillers - Know The Benefits Involved!

With passing years of your life, aging has a serious toll on your smooth, beautiful and aesthetic looking skin. As you grow older different kinds of skin defects come up and takes away the glamour of your skin. However, due to the advancement of medical science there are different esthetic treatments which help individuals to retain back their original skin smoothness and texture. One of those popular is very frequent method is the usage of dermal fillers. In this article we will tell you more about the treatment by dermal fillers.

What are Dermal Fillers?

Dermal fillers or Wrinkle fillers, as the name suggests is the treatment which hides the agents of aging like wrinkles, acne scars, sagging skin etc. Most of the dermal fillers are made up of skin substances which are natural and therefore they do not involve any kind of risk or serious side effects. It is a swift process and does not involve much time however, it is recommended that one should always consult a dermatologist before opting for the dermal fillers treatment.

Benefits of Dermal fillers

  • You might be wondering, why dermal fillers are so popular among the people. This is because they have a lot of benefits and that is the reason why people are ready to spend money by opting for it.
  • One of the most important benefit is that, the procedure is fast and people do not have to wait for long period of time to get back their original skin smoothness and remove all the agents of aging.
  • Dermal fillers give long lasting benefits. They tend to give your face a completely new makeover and a better quality to it which remains for months.
  • Thus, once you have gone through the process, you will not need to worry about doing it frequently.

Risks involved

  • Even though the treatment is non surgical and completely made out of skin and natural substances there are certain risks involved.
  • Many people tend to face itchiness and redness on the skin after the completion of the procedure. However, they do not tend to last for long periods.
  • When exposed to heat, the fillers may tend to get damaged and therefore lose their quality.
  • You can read more about dermal fillers over the internet and consult with your Dermatologist whether it is safe for you to opt for the treatment.
3 people found this helpful

Treating Menopause - Easy Steps To A Better Life!

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Treating Menopause - Easy Steps To A Better Life!

While menstruation is definite proof that a woman can bear children, menopause is, as the name suggests, a pause in the fact. Meaning that the woman experiences a permanent stop in her periodic cycle and will further be unable to bear children. It is a difficult time for women, apart from dealing with the fact that they will not be able to reproduce further, there also arises a variety of complications. The realisation can hit hard and women often experience depressive episodes and numerous hormonal imbalances. Keeping that in mind, menopause is also different for different individuals and there is no one magic cure for it.

Every individual experiences a series of changes and requires different treatments because there are 3 different types of menopause and all of those require separate attention. That being said, there are a few common symptoms that show up and here are a few ways that you can deal with them:

  1. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): This a slightly dicey method for the complications it may or may not carry in its wake but it is quite effective for a lot of people. Basically what this procedure entails is that your body will be supplied with hormones (oestrogen) the production of which has depleted, from the outside in the form of tablets or a gel so as to counter the hormonal imbalances. There are two kinds of HRTs; one is for women who have retained their wombs, it is called “Combined HRT”. The individual is supplied with two kinds of hormones, oestrogen, and progesterone. And the other kind is the “Oestrogen only HRT” which is for women who have had a hysterectomy. This treatment should be strictly observed by your gynaecologist and any discomfort felt should be reported back immediately.
  2. Dealing with hot flushes: This is something all women suffer from as soon as menopause hits or from even before as they are reaching towards it. It is also accompanied by night sweats. To deal with both, it is advised that you wear cotton or similarly light clothes, take cool showers, rest and relax as much as possible, include an exercise regime in your daily life or even yoga, hydrate yourself, and avoid drinking, coffee, and very spicy food items. They may act as triggers.
  3. Treating vaginal discomfort: If you experience vaginal discomfort such as dryness or excessive itching, contact your doctor immediately as you may have to start HRT or lubricants-containing oestrogen. Apart from that, to fend off dryness you could also use vaginal lubricants to soothe the painful sensations.
  4. Treating osteoporosis: Due to the lowered levels of oestrogen in the body, women who have reached menopause are more prone to suffering from weak and brittle bones, also known as osteoporosis. Taking vitamin supplements as well as including different kinds of fruits and vegetables and yogurt in your diet is absolutely essential to combat this along with exercise.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am GERD and Hiatus Hernia. My stomach has been paining a lot for last six months in spite of regular medication. Presently I am on Escoz D 40 and Escoz D. Please advise.

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear lybrate-user, hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly.* The cause of stomach pain needs evaluation with further work up in form of lab tests, ultrasound and upper GI endoscopy according to the clinician concern.* Primary relief with - plenty of liquids.- consume soft, light diet.- avoid oily, spicy non veg, junk foods.- anti spasmodic tablets as dicyclomine or drotaverine would help.- avoid smoking, alcohol if using. Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance. Regards take care.
1 person found this helpful

My age was 25 years male. My endoscopy report was Patulous ge junction is it serious problem or can I resolve it with simple diet changes .can it lead to hernia? My doctor prescribed me sucrafil syrup. I really worried about it.

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear Suryateja , hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly . * The condition is not serious , can be well controlled with proper dietary , life style changes . * It may or may not lead to hernia . * Primary guidelines for better outcome Prefer soft , light , bland , vegan diet till possible . Consume more of whole grains , cereals , pulses , legumes , organic fresh fruits . Avoid all oily , spicy , non veg , hot beverages , junk foods , carbonated drinks . Avoid over eating , prolong fasting . Avoid resting upto 2 hours after meals . Fix your timing of breakfast , lunch , dinner till possible . Avoid late night parties , dinners . Keep the head end of the bed elevated for 30 degrees when resting . Have regular walking in fresh air , exercises , YOGA . Avoid smoking , alcohol if consuming . Avoid stress , anxiety . Manage to have regular sound sleep of 8 hours . Add intake of Proton pump inhibitors as omeprazole or pantoprazole on empty stomach 1 hour prior to lunch according to the advise of your doctor helps . Keep your BP , blood sugar , cholesterol , body weight under control . Hope this clears your query . Wishing you fine recovery . Welcome for any further assistance . Regards take care .
1 person found this helpful

Actually I am belonging to category of smokers n I found myself involved in oesophageal pain from last some days n I am much worry about it.

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Hello It is good that you have started to think of smoking as a possible cause for the pain. Now may be a good time to quit. However, the oesophageal pain could be from a whole variety of causes. I urge you to first consult your physician and get it cleared. Smoking should be stopped irrespective of the pain as you perhaps already know of the various ill effects of smoking. Seek consult with a psychiatrist who can guide you in making a graded plan to quit smoking via varied techniques. Good luck.
1 person found this helpful

Suffering from stomach cramps and heartburn sometimes past one week. Also having stomach burn consulted doc and prescribed rolant - dsr, ofloxacin 200 twice a day and sucralfate suspension thrice a day. What does this mean?

MD Ayurveda
Pediatrician, Bathinda
My dear friend, you are suffering from loose motion or not. If you don't suffer then no need to take any antibiotic. Just take any antacid like rolant dsr. Same can be continued with antacid syrup. Take rolant dsr morning and evening empty stomach. After food take antacid syrup like Mucaine jel/acifix 10 ml morning and 10 ml evening. You will be free from all above problems. If still persist, feel free to contact me anytime.
1 person found this helpful

This is for my mother. She has been suffering from fatigue that happens daily between morning 10 to evening 5. And this has been from last 6 months. Recently, from last two months, chest pain has also been there along with fatigue. Endoscopy, ECG, TMT, BP, and other blood tests are normal. I have doubt that gastric issues, GERD, is there. Please suggest me what should be done.

MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
If endoscopy was normal then its not GERD or there should have been submucosal changes in the lower oesophagus. Chronic weakness and fatigue can be because of many things including anaemia, hypothyroidism, heart disease, infections, low body weight, cancer etc etc. In order to pinpoint it is easy have to rule out all these possibilities one by one starting with the most probable diagnosis on the basis of detailed history and physical examination. So I would suggest you to take a second opinion from another physician with all your past reports and get evaluated once again with the different point of you this will increase the chances of finding out what is wrong with her also if you could share her reports then perhaps I could guide you better.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Gastritis?

More about :

Play video
How Does Thyroid Disease Affect Your Body?
Thyroid gland regulates metabolism. It produces hormones that control the heart rate and the speed with which calories are burned. It also produces proteins and manages the body s sensitivity to other hormones. Undoubtedly there is a huge impact on quality of life if proper medication not taken on time.
Play video
Causes Of Melasma
Melasma is a common skin problem which causes dark,discolored patches on skin. Darker-skinned individuals are more at risk than those with fair skin. Few common causes for the same include birth control pills , hormone therapy , pregnancy , thyroid and stress.
Play video
How To Prevent The Fungal Infection?
Fungal infections are very common , especially in summers. They are contagious and spreads to other people or body parts as well. Sharing of towels or bedsheets increases the risk of spreading the same. A person suffering from this problem must take few simple but useful methods to ensure this is not spread. It does take long to cure such infections completely. So its important not to stop treatment in between.
Play video
Counselling: When And Why Should You Go For It?
Counselling is helping a person to shift from his emotions to his thinking wherein that person is given empowerment to generate multiple solutions to problems faced. Its important to understand what counselling is all about and what benefits does it have on patients. Its not about giving advise - here a person is helped to understand himself and the other person and work on solutions.
Play video
Prevention Of Premature Hair Greying
Hair whitening happening before 25 years of age denotes premature greying. Treatment works usually in case of premature greying. Reasons may be genetic factors , stress , food habits , thyroid and so on. We need to target the above reasons in order to prevent the problem in the first place.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice