The medical specialty which is mainly aimed at treatment, diagnosis and study of diseases related to the gastrointestinal tract is termed as gastroenterology. The name of the specialty was designed by fusing three words used in ancient Greece, namely: gaster(meaning stomach), enteron(meaning intestine) and logos( meaning reason). Physicians specialized in this field are referred to as gastroenterologists and are generally consulted by patients suffering from conditions of the intestines and stomach. A well - known subspecialty of gastroenterology is hepatology which is specifically associated with researches about the pancreas, liver and biliary tree. The origin of gastroenterology is generally traced back to the time of ancient Greeks like Hippocrates and Egyptian pharaohs. In current times, gastroenterologist are required to complete a minimum of 7 years of medical studies. Thereafter, these future physicians are trained under experienced gastroenterologist. Gastroenterologist try to understand how the human body digests food, absorb nutrients and how it excretes waste from its system.
Gastroenterologists work towards relieving you from symptoms of conditions like peptic ulcer, Crohn’s disease, Hepatitis, liver failure, esophageal cancer, Celiac disease. In addition to these, patients suffering from disorders like, irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, ulcerative colitis, gastric cancer, fatty liver, gallstones etc. can also seek treatment from specialists of this field. These physicians are also trained to perform exams such as CT colonography, colonoscopy and endoscopy. They study the images and findings from such test and determine the appropriate course of treatment.
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The physician who has gained expertise in understanding and treating the various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the liver through years of practical training and experience is commonly known as a gastroenterologist.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT GASTROENTEROLOGIST?
A gastroenterologist can cure all the diseases associated with the organs of the digestive tract, including esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas and the gallbladder, bile ducts and the liver.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF GASTROENTEROLOGIST?
A gastroenterologist conducts research about gastrointestinal endoscopic processes and interprets the results in order to design expert treatment and cure of gastrointestinal and liver diseases.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE GASTROENTEROLOGIST FOR
A gastroenterologist can operate the anal canal, gallbladder and pancreas of his/her patient through laparotomy or with the help of a laparoscope.
DID YOU KNOW?
Gastroenterologists work on the digestive tract of the human body, the size of which is 30-feet in length, covering a surface area as big as the size of a doubles tennis court.
How To Deal With GERD
Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or gerd, as it is commonly known is a digestive disorder that is caused primarily due to intestinal distress. Gerd is caused in the muscle that lies between the oesophagus and the stomach, when the acid is produced in the stomach, it starts to flow backwards. For patients suffering from gerd, the acids flow back into the oesophagus instead of the stomach, causing symptoms like severe heartburn, chest pain and nausea, amongst others. So what does one do to deal with gerd? here's a brief list! Obesity: being overweight and obese are two of the most important factors that contribute to discomfort in gerd patients. Working towards a healthier weight is a sure shot way of dealing with this ailment. Alcohol and smoking: the muscle ring that can be found between the stomach and the oesophagus relaxes with the intake of alcohol or with smoking, which prevents it from closing to stop the stomach's juices from reaching the oesophagus. So, giving up both substances would be a good idea if you are a gerd patient. Go gluten free: adopting a gluten free diet can help you cut out ingredients including grains and dairy products that contain more protein than what your digestive tracts can handle. Other dietary measures: in order to handle gerd effectively, you will need to remove or reduce chocolate, fatty food, spicy food, and even oily and fried food from your diet. You may need the help of food with extra fibre, like fruit so that it can pass through the digestive tract faster. Smaller and well timed meals: eating meals regularly and dividing them into smaller meals that can be digested quickly and more efficiently is one of the best ways of dealing with gerd to prevent the onset of backward flowing of stomach acids. Exercise: ensuring that you do not take a nap or lie down right after a meal and putting in a small amount of exercise everyday will also help in doing away with the uncomfortable and painful symptoms of this disease. Making lifestyle changes is one of the best ways to deal with gerd. Yet, it would be best to see a doctor regarding severe cases where the symptoms do not abate and medication may be required.