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Last Updated: Dec 28, 2021
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Chlamydia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Chlamydia? What exactly causes Chlamydia? How is it transmitted? Complications that can arise due to Chlamydia: How long is Chlamydia contagious? How can you prevent yourself from getting affected with Chlamydia?

What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a type of STD (sexually transmitted disease) and can affect both women and men. It usually causes permanent and serious damage to the reproductive organs of a women’s reproductive system. This can make it difficult and impossible for her to get pregnant later in life. In some cases, Chlamydia can also result to ectopic pregnancy. In such cases, pregnancy starts to occur and develop outside the womb).

What exactly causes Chlamydia?

Chlamydia belongs to the sexually transmitted disease category. It can occur in both males and females. It is caused by an infection with the bacteria Chlamydia Trachomatis, through unprotected sex. Being more common in young boys and girls who are more active sexually, it is found to affect the cervix, throat, and rectum in females. Males who usually have sex without using condoms with more than one partner are more prone to developing such infections.

Summary: Chlamydia is caused due to an infection with the bacteria Chlamydia Trachomatis. The mode of transmission is unprotected sex is more common in young boys and girls who have unprotected sex with multiple partners.

Does Chlamydia have a smell?

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease. It is asymptomatic in most cases, however, if symptoms are present most common is the characteristic pungent smell of the discharge coming out of the genitalia. In the case of women, a thick unusual discharge comes out of the cervix and vagina which smell strong and foul. Likewise in males, the fishy-smelling discharge comes out of the penis.

Summary: Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that is associated with the symptoms like unusual discharge from the male as well as female genitalia. This unusual discharge is responsible for a characteristic fish-like smell from the affected person.

How is it transmitted?

It can be spread by engaging in oral, anal or vaginal intercourse with a person already affected with Chlamydia. You are still at a risk of developing Chlamydia of our partner doesn’t ejaculate. Mothers who already have been diagnosed with Chlamydia can pass it on to their unborn child. This usually takes place when the infection is passed on to the baby during delivery. Chlamydia can cause pneumonia or eye infection in the baby. Having Chlamydia can also increase our risk of having a premature delivery.

Does Chlamydia go away on its own?

Chlamydia does not get resolved spontaneously. Hence, treatment should be started without ignoring this condition. It can be controlled and managed by our immune system without undergoing treatment in only a few cases which are rare. But in most cases, early diagnosis of this infection is necessary, followed by a course of antibiotics.

Summary: Chlamydia, being a bacterial infection, is treated by an antibiotic course. Proper diagnosis of the disease is followed by a treatment plan including the application of antibiotics. It may resolve itself in rare cases.

Complications that can arise due to Chlamydia:

If Chlamydia isn’t treated on time, it can cause fatal health problems. For women, the infection can spread to the fallopian tubes (tubes carrying the eggs to the uterus from the ovaries) and the uterus, leading to PID (Pelvic inflammatory disease). Symptoms of PID include pelvic pain and abdominal pain. Pelvic inflammatory disease can lead to deadly ectopic pregnancy which can be fatal for your and your baby’s health, inability to be pregnant, pelvic pain which keeps occurring and irreversible damage is done to your reproductive system. Men are also affected by Chlamydia, the infection spreads to the tube which transfers the sperm from the scrotum. This causes fever and pain. Chlamydia doesn’t affect a man’s fertility.

What happens if Chlamydia is left untreated?

In cases where Chlamydia is left untreated or undergoes delayed treatment, it may develop certain complications. In females, the most common complication is Pelvic inflammatory disease which is accompanied by infertility, pelvic pain, and abnormalities in pregnancies. Urethral pain and swelling and tenderness in the testicles are symptoms in males. Untreated Chlamydia may increase the chances of occurrence of gonorrhea, HIV, etc.

Summary: Chlamydia should be treated as soon as it is diagnosed under the supervision of a specialist. Any ignorance or delayed treatment may lead to complications including Pelvic Inflammatory disease, gonorrhoea, HIV, etc.

How long is Chlamydia contagious?

Chlamydia is usually asymptomatic in most cases resulting in men and women being unknown for the infection. The duration for which any infection remains contagious depends upon the incubation period of the causative organism. In this case, the incubation period is 1 to 3 weeks but varies in different conditions. This means it takes this much time for the symptoms to develop in an individual.

Summary: Chlamydia is usually asymptomatic in the majority of cases. The incubation period of the causative organism is 1 to 3 weeks, hence it remains in the infectious or contagious state for the same time period.

How can you prevent yourself from getting affected with Chlamydia?

  • Using condoms while engaging in sexual coitus, preferably latex condoms.
  • Being in a monogamous and long term relationship with a single partner who has been tested negative for any form of STD.
  • Not engaging in oral, vaginal or anal sex with a person who you think might have Chlamydia.

Chlamydia can also cause bleeding, rectal pain and abnormal discharge from the genitals. Chlamydia can be cured if the right treatment is administered. If the medication prescribed by your doctor is taken on a regular basis, it can decrease your risk of developing complications later in life. The medications prescribed for Chlamydia shouldn’t be shared with anyone. It is vital to be tested again after consuming the medications at an interval of 3 months.

Conclusion: Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease. It is asymptomatic in most cases, however, if symptoms are present most common is the characteristic pungent smell coming out of genitalia in the form of discharge. It can be treated easily by an application of antibiotics if detected early but if left untreated or undergo delayed treatment, it may develop certain complications.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello doctor I have pain and small perianal abscess. I have done anal sex with my friend after that it abrupt pls advice I have take daflon 1000 mg for 10 days pls advice.

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
Thanks. If what you are saying perianal abscess is correct, it is a complex and complicated health problem. Please take private consultation with audio video chat and then I can guide you properly and tell you what is the best way forward. Don't n...

I’m 25 year old, I got removed my vaginal warts through laser removal treatment. Doctor prescribed me t-bact ointment. So can I use t-bact ointment near vagina.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), CERTIFICATE COURSE IN KSHAR-SUTRA SURGERY
Ayurvedic Doctor, Delhi
This is common skin infection cream, after removal recurring chances are there, genital warts a sexually transmitted infection due to human papillomavirus, genital warts are spread from sexual skin-to-skin contact so please maintain hygiene & avoi...

Mera name ravi .me 27 ka hu mere vdrl positive aya tha to me penicillin ka 1 shot liya tha iske kuch din bad mere anus par wart aya he. Please help me .me kiya karu doctor ne podowart diya he.

MCh(Minimally Invasive & Robotic Surgery), MS - Surgical, MBBS
General Surgeon, Guwahati
Hi lybrate-user, podowart is good to control wart. U can continue to apply that. Else you can also apply ointment hhsalic which is very effective. Another chemical that works wonderfully is tta (trichloroacetic acid) if you can this you can tattoo...

I am having skin itching problem rashes and rashes on my penis area also I have consulted with doctor and he prescribed me a permethrin cream and chloroperimin malate tablet I have applied the same yesterday and but still itching is there badly.

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
Your problem won't be solved on. Ooen forum. It is advisable to please take private consult with audio video chat and then I can guide you properly and tell you what is to be done. Then you can send the pics and can have talk then. If in mumbai pl...
1 person found this helpful

I am having red dots and red spots on my penis glans, currently I am taking itraconazole 200 mg one capsule per day from last one week with levocetirizine tablet and applying luliconazole cream topically. How long does it takes to get rid of this problem. Initially medicine works nice and red spots subsides but now it seems too slow.

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
Such issues of health especially of delicate part of body can not be solved efficiently on open forum. Please take private consult with audio video chat and then I can guide you properly and tell you what is to be done.

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