Infections that are transmitted through sexual intercourse are called sexually transmitted infections. They are commonly caused by microbes such as viruses (HIV/AIDS, genital herpes), bacteria (chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis) and certain parasites. Symptoms differ for each individual condition, but for most of them at least one of the following is seen: penile or vaginal discharge, pain in the abdomen or pelvic region and ulcers on the genitals. STIs can be prevented through regular use of condoms. Most STIs can either be cured or managed through medication.
HOW IS SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION DIAGNOSED?
Some STIs can be asymptomatic which means that they carry greater risk of being passed to newer generations.