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Last Updated: Sep 05, 2019
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Bacterial Infection: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Bacterial infections should not be confused with viral infections as the two are very different. Bacterial infections are caused by pathogenic bacteria and can take many forms. The type of bacterial infection one gets depends on the body area that has been affected by it. The different type of bacterial infections include bacterial skin infections such as cellulitis, impetigo, boils etc.; stomach infections caused by bacteria such as salmonella, vibrio, clostridium etc.; sexually transmitted bacterial infections such as chlamydia, syphilis, bacterila vaginosis etc.; and other bacterial infections, which include bacterial meningitis, urinary tract infections, otitis media and respiratory tract infections.

The commonest treatment method adopted to treat almost all types of bacterial infections includes the administration of antibiotics - whether it is in the form of tablets or topical ointments. Antibiotics are usually enough to cure bacterial infections altogether. However, for certain types of bacterial infections, vaccines can be used too, which will help prevent the onset of diseases such as tetanus, diphtheria, infleunza, typhoid etc.

How is the treatment done?

Irrespective of the type of bacterial infection one has, the doctor will recommend antibiotics as treatment. The treatment process will depend on the type of antibiotic one has been prescribed. For sexually transmitted bacterial infections as well as skin bacterial infections, antibiotic topical ointments will generally be prescribed. The patient simply has to apply this ointment on the affected area once or twice a day, depending on what the doctor prescribes. However, before applying the ointment, patients should make sure that the affected area is clean.

For other types of bacterial infections, a doctor may prescrible oral antibiotic drugs. The patient will have to take these tablets or capsules either once or twice a day, again depending on what the doctor says. The patient will be advised to have these medicines after a meal and one will aslo have to maintain a minimum of a 6 hour gap between one dosage and the next if the medicine has to be had twice a day. The patient may also be asked to have pills that treat stomach problems along with the antibiotics as antibiotics can cause stomach problems. As far as vaccines are considered, these are administered at local clinics and with the help of injections.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Patients who suffer from any type of bacterial infection are eligible to be treated with the help of antibiotics. All healthy individuals are eligible for vaccines.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Pregnant women, patients whose bacterial infection is severe or life-threatening in nature as well as those who are allergic to the chemical compounds present in antibiotics are not eligible for this treatment. For vaccines, there's an age limit. So patients should consult with their doctor first.

Are there any side effects?

Yes, side effects are likely as far as antibiotics are concerned. The commonly experienced side effects are severe allergic reactions, stomach cramps, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, headache and more. Side effects of the vaccine include but are not limited to are mild fever, pain, swelling or redness at the site of injection, fatigue and headache. One should contact their doctor immediately if they experience severe side effects.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

One really doesn't have to follow any post treatment guidelines as such in case of bacterial infections. Patients can resume their daily activities even when they are being treated by antibiotics. However, in certain cases, some patients may experience weakness and doctors may advise having electrolytes, vitamin supplements and other energy boosting foods. In the case of vaccines, patients who get woozy should rest. Also, one should make lifestyle changes to reduce the chances of getting bacterial infections.

How long does it take to recover?

A typical antibiotic course is 5 days long, and usually the infection subsides completely by the end of those 5 days. However, if the infection is severe, the course maybe of 10 days, thereby doubling the recovery period as well.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of antibiotic medicines for bacterial infections range between Rs. 50 to Rs. 100. Vaccines cost around Rs. 600 per shot.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Antibiotics help in the complete cure of the bacterial infection concerned. However, the infection can occur again if the patient does not make lifestyle changes or is exposed to the pathogenic bacteria that caused it again. In the case of vaccines though, the patient will never get the infection in the first place. However, vaccines are not available for all types of infections.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Pathogenic bacteria have the ability to turn resistant to antibiotics over the course of time. Hence, medical science has been looking for an alternative cure and has come up with probiotics as a possible form of treatment for bacterial infections. However, patients should consult with their doctor before choosing this course of treatment.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir i'm taking montek lc tablets for post nasal drip. My symptoms like excess secretion have become low considerably. I just want to know if it is safe to consume this tablet for a long period of time. Will it compromise with my immunity?

MBBS, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB (ENT), DOHNS (A), MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
It will cause dryness and a dry mucosa in the nose can compromise immunity. Recurrent post nasal drip has to be addressed by finding out the cause. Taking montair lc for post nasal drip is like taking crocin for fever. Both do not address the cause.
1 person found this helpful

I was advised by a dermatologist to use eberconazole and amorolfine creams near my private areas. I am having redness and itching. Is this the effects of the creams. Are the creams harmful?

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Unani Specialist, Kanpur
If that doesn't work please follow these herbal combinations for complete cure sootshekhar ras 1 tablet twice a day gandhak rasayan avleh 10 gm twice a day.

I took four dose of fluconazole and ornidazole but still I have discharge and also have burning in side vagina and clit .i also feel urinated urge but my urine is clear but feel burning without any pain .what is this .i m confused that I am healing or not.

Gynaecologist, Guwahati
Take mertifer Mr. 1 tablet twice daily after food for 5 days. Take citralka syrup 2 tsp in a glass of water twice a day. If possible get a urine culture and sensitivity done.

Allergic reaction in form of hives all over the body and swollen lips today morning. Have taken allegra 180 mg for 3 days and I was normal. I'm taking support tablet for acne control now. Could this be the reason and what to do? My prescription for acne body and face: ketoconazole dandruff shampoo sebamed lip balm epiduo cream persolforte cream saferet tablet depiwhite cream.

DNB (Dermatology), MBBS, Diploma in Trichology - Cosmetology
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Hi the problem which you are suffering is called acute urticaria with angioedema. Hives can be because of an allergic reaction to an external stimulus or internal causes. Potential trigger factors like infections like viral, bacterial etc, drugs, ...

Hello doctors. There were 3 warts on my testicles skin. I applied podowart paint on them. After 2 days the skin is damaged where there were warts. Now the place has turned red looks like wound or peeled skin. It’s burning and painful. I am cleaning the area and applying pure coconut oil. How long do you think the healing will take. Coconut oil is kind of soothing. Is it ok to use coconut oil. Please advise.

MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery(FMAS), Diploma in Advanced Laparoscopic surgery, Training in Laparoscopy, Advanced training in laparoscopic hernia surgery, Fellowship in advanced proctology
General Surgeon, Srinagar
Hello podoward is never to be applied to sensitive areas like scrotum etc. Now u have applied.. stop applying anymore. apply neosprin skin oint twice a day.. coconut oil will also work. regards
1 person found this helpful

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