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Meningitis Act Injection Health Feed

All About Meningitis

Dr. Ramakanth Reddy 92% (138 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
All About Meningitis

Arguably one of the most fatal diseases that threaten human life, Meningitis has been the cause of a lot of recent deaths. Essentially Meningitis is triggered off by the anomalous inflammation of the protective membranes called meninges in the brain and spinal cord. Spurred by some sort of a bacterial or viral attack, this condition emanates from an infection of the fluids in the cranial chamber. Often such conditions are also stimulated by some external injury, cancerous development or even certain kinds of reaction from a given drug or the other. 

Depending on the precise cause of the disease, Meningitis may be categorized as Bacterial Meningitis, Viral Meningitis or Fungal Meningitis. Other forms of Meningitis include parasitic Meningitis, Amebic Meningitis and Non-Infectious Meningitis. Meningitis could potentially be contagious. Through lengthy and proximal contact like coughing or kissing, if saliva or spit gets exchanged, Meningitis causing germs may spread from one person to the other.

Bacterial Meningitis
Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria Meningitidis are the two of the most rampant Meningitis causing bacteria. They have the potential of causing irreversible damage to several vital organs. However, with substantive progress in medical science, effective and suitable medication has been made available to the larger populace. But, immediate attention is imperative in this case.

Viral Meningitis
Viral Meningitis is relatively milder than the other forms of meningitis. Enteroviruses, arboviruses and herpes virus are some of the most common sources of this kind of Meningitis. People with strong immunity are usually able to overcome this without much ado. Vaccines are available widely in the markets to cure viral meningitis.

Fungal Meningitis
Fungal Meningitis are caused primarily from external influences. Inhaling fungal spores from the environment is one of the most prominent factors that lead to Meningitis. People suffering from fatal diseases like cancer, diabetes or HIV are more susceptible to fungal Meningitis. While these are a few of the primary forms of meningitis, other triggers to this disease occur due to various environmental interventions. These are consequent upon interactions with various disease causing allergens. Cure to meningitis is available in the form of surgery or sustained medication.

4445 people found this helpful

Know More About Meningitis!

Dr. Lata Bhat 89% (172 ratings)
Fellowship In Neonatology, MRCPCH(UK), Diploma In Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Delhi
Know More About Meningitis!

Arguably one of the most fatal diseases that threaten human life, Meningitis has been the cause of a lot of recent deaths. Essentially Meningitis is triggered off by the anomalous inflammation of the protective membranes called meninges in the brain and spinal cord. Spurred by some sort of a bacterial or viral attack, this condition emanates from an infection of the fluids in the cranial chamber. Often such conditions are also stimulated by some external injury, cancerous development or even certain kinds of reaction from a given drug or the other. 

Depending on the precise cause of the disease, Meningitis may be categorized as Bacterial Meningitis, Viral Meningitis or Fungal Meningitis. Other forms of Meningitis include parasitic Meningitis, Amebic Meningitis and Non-Infectious Meningitis. Meningitis could potentially be contagious. Through lengthy and proximal contact like coughing or kissing, if saliva or spit gets exchanged, Meningitis causing germs may spread from one person to the other.

Bacterial Meningitis
Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria Meningitidis are the two of the most rampant Meningitis causing bacteria. They have the potential of causing irreversible damage to several vital organs. However, with substantive progress in medical science, effective and suitable medication has been made available to the larger populace. But, immediate attention is imperative in this case.

Viral Meningitis
Viral Meningitis is relatively milder than the other forms of meningitis. Enteroviruses, arboviruses and herpes virus are some of the most common sources of this kind of Meningitis. People with strong immunity are usually able to overcome this without much ado. Vaccines are available widely in the markets to cure viral meningitis.

Fungal Meningitis
Fungal Meningitis are caused primarily from external influences. Inhaling fungal spores from the environment is one of the most prominent factors that lead to Meningitis. People suffering from fatal diseases like cancer, diabetes or HIV are more susceptible to fungal Meningitis. While these are a few of the primary forms of meningitis, other triggers to this disease occur due to various environmental interventions. These are consequent upon interactions with various disease causing allergens. Cure to meningitis is available in the form of intravenous injections. But timely diagnosis and treatment is essential for a good outcome. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.

4484 people found this helpful

My son is 23 months old, need to know about Meningococcal conjugate vaccine, doctor told it is optional, I am very confused whether we should give that vaccine to our son or simply avoid it?

Dr. Sanjeev Medehal 92% (13 ratings)
DNB (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Bellary
My son is 23 months old, need to know about Meningococcal conjugate vaccine, doctor told it is optional, I am very co...
Not essential. Only required for children travelling to disease prevelant areas in Africa Haj Saudi etc.
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Is it make sense to get vaccinated for meningococcal in india? If yes then can we vaccinate child of 1.3 years old. Whats the tentative cost of it?

Dr. S.T.Pushpa 90% (24 ratings)
MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Bangalore
Is it make sense to get vaccinated for meningococcal in india? If yes then can we vaccinate child of 1.3 years old. W...
Meningococcal infections are not common in India.In case you are planning to take baby out of India or you have regular visitors from abroad then you must vaccinate the baby.
1 person found this helpful
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Act before swine flu strikes you down!

Dr. Hardik Thakker 88% (445 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Act before swine flu strikes you down!
As we are all aware that there is an explosive outbreak of H1N1 swine flu infection in India. The high risk groups are pregnant women, people above 60 years of age, infants and children. I would recommend you the following to keep yourself protected and also help in stopping the spread of infection:

1) If you have fever and cough, seek immediate treatment. Insist on testing for H1N1 and take Tamiflu as per results.

2) Use handkerchief when you cough. Cover your mouth and nose to prevent spread to others.

3) Isolate those patients who are positive for H1N1.

4) Eat healthy food and exercise daily to keep your immunity intact.

5) Vitamin C is a good immunity booster for viral infections.

6) Avoid travel to areas where there is an outbreak.

7) Use N95 mask for protection - especially nurses and other health care workers who deal with positive patients.

8) Get yourself vaccinated with influenza vaccine - especially those who are in the high risk group.

If you have any more questions, please contact me.

From Lybrate: If these tips are helping you, click on the heart icon to thank the doctor. You can also share this tip with others.
164 people found this helpful

What are symptoms of meningitis. How can infection get cured what are precautions we have to take to get away meningitis.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 94% (26629 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
What are symptoms of meningitis. How can infection get cured what are precautions we have to take to get away meningi...
Possible signs and symptoms in anyone older than the age of 2 include: Sudden high fever Stiff neck Severe headache that seems different than normal Headache with nausea or vomiting Confusion or difficulty concentrating Seizures Sleepiness or difficulty waking Sensitivity to light No appetite or thirst Skin rash (sometimes, such as in meningococcal meningitis) Can be cured with antibiotics
1 person found this helpful
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What is the dosage schedule of Pneumovax23 vaccine i.e. How many times the vaccine should be taken & at what interval for complete inoculation against meningitis?

Dr. Amit Agarwal 89% (800 ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, MBBS, FISPN & FISPN - Pediatric Nephrology
Pediatrician, Noida
What is the dosage schedule of Pneumovax23 vaccine i.e. How many times the vaccine should be taken & at what interval...
PPSV23 one dose can be repeated one more time after 5 years time gap between any two vaccines should be atleast 4-8 weeks.
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Is it necessary to get the vaccination of brain fever to the child of 5 months.We rae residing at indirapuram, ghaziabad. If yes, then which vaccination and how much dose do it have and approx cost for the same? thanks .

Dr. Shripad Kulkarni 93% (927 ratings)
M.D.( Pediatrics), DCH
Pediatrician,
Three doses of hib vaccine is usually given in combination with dpt and/or hepatitis b. Cost depends on brand used and doctor's fees and could be around one thousand rupees. Other vaccine for meningococcal meningitis is used in high risk babies or those who demand and who can afford. All require 3 doses for primary immunisation at one month interval and a booster dose after one year
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