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Meningitis Act Injection Health Feed

What are the chances of contracting HIV or HPV through oral sex (Multiple partners), no ejaculation? Can wounds or cuts in the mouth or lips transfer HIV from one person to another during kissing, if one of them is HIV positive?

Dr. Ishwar Gilada 95% (1091 ratings)
MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
What are the chances of contracting HIV or HPV through oral sex (Multiple partners), no ejaculation? Can wounds or cu...
Ejaculating or not ejaculating doesn't affect transmission. You can still get HIV, HPV and several other STDs. If you had multiple partners, take urgently private consult and get proper guidance before it is too late. You can prevent some Infections through vaccines.
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I want to gain weight about 10 kg. What should I do? What type of food I eat? Tell me and name some food item & supplement that I can eat. Guide me.

Dt. Bhuvaneswari Savant 91% (501 ratings)
Post graduate diploma in? Early childhood care and education (ECCE), Bachelor of Science (Home) with major in FOOD AND NUTRITION
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Vadodara
I want to gain weight about 10 kg. What should I do?
What type of food I eat?
Tell me and name some food item & suppl...
Hi Lybrate user Weight gain is very slow process. For weight gain you need to follow a strict food regime and exercise regime patiently for a long time. Weight gain through increasing lean body mass is healthy and sustainable for long time. Few tips for weight gain 1.Have calorie and protein dense food 2. Eat small and frequent meals 3. Include all food groups in your diet 4.Follow a weight gain exercise regime 5.Set small and achievable goals For detailed weight gain diet plan you can register to my weight gain programe.
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Reasons Behind Whooping Cough In Children!

Dr. Maulik Shah 90% (135 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Mumbai
Reasons Behind Whooping Cough In Children!

Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, is a highly communicable respiratory disease, which particularly affects babies younger than 6 months and who haven't been vaccinated yet. It can also affect children of 11 to 18 years of age who suffer from low immunity.

Vaccination has significantly decreased the incidence in infant age group, though there is rise seen in incidence in older age groups, hence small pertussis component is getting added in booster doses in older ages. 

If the diagnosis of a whooping cough is done at an early stage, antibiotics of suitable dosage could help cut down coughing and few other symptoms. Doing so will also help prevent the infection from spreading to others.

What causes a whooping cough?

1. Bordetella pertussis bacteria

A whooping cough, characterised by a 'whooping sound', is caused by a bacterial infection called bordetella pertussis. The bacteria when inhaled get attached to the lining of the airways in your child's upper respiratory system, wherein they release toxins to cause swelling and inflammation. It's mostly transmitted to you from your infant, especially when he/she is in the early stages of the infection and hasn't been diagnosed yet. It can last about three weeks, this duration is reducible to five days, by antibiotic treatment.

2. Transmission from an infected person

When anyone infected with the disease sneezes or coughs, the droplets in the surrounding become infected. Young children who come in contact with the contaminated surrounding may get infected by the same bacteria.

How to recognise the signs of whooping cough?

The symptoms tend to worsen gradually and become worse at night, there are bouts of a cough as the airway gets irritated by the bacterial toxin leading to swelling and inflammation and mucus production with airway spasm.

You know that your child has this condition if he/she displays the following symptoms:

Moreover, children under 18 months of age affected with whooping cough should be watched at carefully as persistent coughing can disrupt their breathing process. It has multiple complications and can cause severe pneumonia itself. Can be effectively treated by macrolide group of antibiotics.

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How Is Pulmonary Hypertension Treated?

Dr. Hardik Thakker 86% (417 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
How Is Pulmonary Hypertension Treated?

Pulmonary hypertension is a medical condition that arises when the blood pressure remains consistently high in the vessels of the lungs. This condition can develop from a completely unrelated medical condition and is more prevalent among women. 

Pulmonary Hypertension can be a hard disease to diagnose. While it has no permanent cure, the medication depends on how far the disease has advanced. From group 1 PAH to group 5 PAH, pulmonary hypertension has 5 stages of advancement. 

Here is a list of 10 ways by which this disease can be kept under control along with the prescribed medication:

  1. Quit smoking: Smoking aggravates pulmonary hypertension. It has adverse effects on both the heart and the lung. It is therefore of utmost importance to quit smoking. If you fail to control your urge of smoking, contact your doctor who can suggest a quitting plan.
  2. Avoid high altitude: Patients suffering from pulmonary hypertension should avoid flying and living at high altitude. An altitude of 8000 feet and above can worsen the symptoms. It is therefore suggested that you do not take flights for travelling or come down below the altitude of 2428 meters if you are living in hilly areas.
  3. A healthy diet: A healthy diet consisting of fresh fruit and vegetables, lean meat and whole grains should be consumed on a daily basis. A nutritious diet goes a long way in keeping pulmonary hypertension in check.
  4. Adequate rest: A minimum of 8 hours of sleep is recommended for patients suffering from pulmonary hypertension. A good night’s sleep and frequent naps keeps fatigue at bay. 
  5. Pregnancy and birth control pills: Avoiding pregnancy is a must for patients suffering from this disease. Pregnancy can be life threatening for the both the baby and the mother. Birth control pills should be avoided as well. It greatly increases the chance of blood clots. 
  6. Maintain a steady blood pressure: Any activities that lower the blood pressure should be avoided by all means. Spending too much time in a bathtub or prolonged stress increases the chances fainting.
  7. Become more active: Patients of pulmonary hypertension often run out of breath with little to no activity. While activities such as weight lifting should be strictly avoided, some exercise or daily jogging can fetch good result in keeping a patient healthy.
  8. Get vaccine on time: Doctors often suggest vaccines if the patient suffers from pneumonia or influenza. It should be ensured that such vaccines are taken on time. For patients suffering from pulmonary hypertension, prolonged exposure to diseases such as pneumonia can wreak havoc.
  9. Regular checkup: Regular follow up with the doctor is of prime importance. Any possible side effects or deterioration can be arrested with constant supervision.
  10. On time medication: Patients of pulmonary hypertension should ensure that all the medicines suggested by the doctor are taken at regular intervals as per prescribed dosage.
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Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty or Eye Lift) - Things Your Should Know!

Dr. Mridula Mehta 84% (44 ratings)
MS - Ophthalmology, DNB (Ophthalmology), MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty or Eye Lift) - Things Your Should Know!

Eyes are believed to be the most attractive feature in a person. A pair of beautiful eyes can melt millions of hearts. Skin ageing and its consequences can throw life in jeopardy. Sagging eyelids are one such unwanted consequence. With ageing, the skin loses its elasticity to a great extent.

There is an increased skin accumulation around the upper and lower eyelids. As a result, the eyelids become sagging and droopy. Sagging eyelids can be annoying, affecting a person's overall appearance and self-confidence. In extreme cases, it interferes with the normal vision of the affected individual. Eye irritation is also common.

Thus, the problem needs to be treated at the earliest. Blepharoplasty or the eyelid surgery comes as a huge relief. Here, the surgery is mainly performed to enhance an individual's appearance. To treat sagging eyelids, it is important to get rid of the accumulated skin, loose muscles and fat pads. Procedure is done under local anesthesia.

For upper eyelids, the surgeon makes small punctures along the line of the eyelids. These punctures act as the exit points for the unwanted skin, muscles and fats. Following the removal of the skin present in excess, the punctures are carefully stitched. In case of the lower eyelids, the fat pads are removed through an incision made inside the eyelids. The excess skin can also be eliminated through an incision made along the margin of the eyelashes.

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I am working as a software engineer, I ll b working in air conditioned environment for around 10-12 hours. Am getting cold often. I won't travel much, not exposed to dust also. What is the reason for getting cold often? Because of cold am not able to feel any smell. Am not sneezing, coughing or anything but not able to breath properly. Please help me to overcome this problem.

Dr. Minhaz Nisar 90% (44 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Bhopal
I am working as a software engineer, I ll b working in air conditioned environment for around 10-12 hours. Am getting...
Dear Lybrate User, Hello , Hundreds of different viruses can infect the respiratory system and cause colds and the flu. The respiratory system is your throat, sinuses, windpipe (trachea) and lungs. Symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, head congestion and cough can also be caused by allergies. If you often get symptoms of a cold or flu, there could be three reasons: 1. You are exposed to more respiratory system viruses than most people 2. You are more susceptible to catching respiratory viruses than most people 3. Your symptoms are really caused by allergies. (You call the symptoms "colds" but they are not caused by viral infections.) Any adult who is exposed to young children a lot, such as parents and teachers, is exposed to all the viruses that children carry. You can take help of Homeopathy to resolve your problem permanently. Homeopathy system is very different from other systems of medicine, it works on individualisation, A customised treatment for everyone. Take Care.
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26 years girl is infected with GBS virus. After 2.5 years it recovers 95% but still pending 4-5% in left leg. His left foot & fingers of leg are not working currently so it is recoverable 100%?If yes then for approximate 95% recover it requires 2.5 years then for complete recover how much time requires approximately? Any side effect or problem occurs in future of this on his body, pregnancy?

Dr. Minhaz Nisar 90% (44 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Bhopal
26 years girl is infected with GBS virus. After 2.5 years it recovers 95% but still pending 4-5% in left leg. His lef...
Dear Lybrate User, Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is an acute, autoimmune, polyradiculo neuropathyaffecting the peripheral nervous system, usually triggered by an acute infectious process. It is included in the wider group of peripheral neuropathies. There are several types of GBS, but unless otherwise stated, GBS refers to the most common form, acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP). It is frequently severe and usually exhibits as an ascending paralysis noted by weakness in the legs that spreads to the upper limbs and the face along with complete loss of deep tendon reflexes. With prompt treatment with immunoglobulins and supportive care, the majority of patients will regain full functional capacity. However, death may occur if severe pulmonary complications and dysautonomia are present.  For different diseases, there are different sorts of treatments available in various branches of medical science. However, the treatment of according to homeopathy is different from other branches. It is completely side effects free treatment, and hence, considered as a safe and secured way of treatment please continue the following medicine  Gelsimium 6c 2 drops three hrly - go on continue for a week and report me. Take Care.
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Chronic Kidney Disease - Know The Common Types!

Dr. Deepak Sharma 90% (752 ratings)
FIMSA, MD-Nephrology, DM - Nephrology, MD-Medcine, MBBS
Nephrologist, Delhi
Chronic Kidney Disease - Know The Common Types!

What are the functions of the kidney?

The kidneys filter waste and excess fluid from the blood. As kidneys fail, the waste accumulates in the body. The two most important enzymes, which kidney makes are erythropoietin & renin. Erythropoietin are made by the kidneys if there is less oxygen in the blood. It tells the bone marrow to make more red blood cells. So this means there will be more oxygen carried in the blood.

Renin is made by the kidney if there is low blood pressure, low volume of blood, or too low salts in the blood Renin make the blood vessels smaller and tells the adrenal gland to make aldosterone. It also makes a person feel thirsty and all of this makes the blood pressure go up. Since Kidney plays a very important role in the overall functioning of the body, it’s very important to take care of its health.

Let’s have a look on various kind of kidney disease including the one which are chronic:

  1. Kidney stones
  2. Kidney Infections
  3. Glomerulonephritis
  4. Congenital Kidney disease
  5. Diabetic Nephropathy
  6. Hypertensive Nephropathy
  7. Drugs

Now what is Chronic Kidney Disease?

Chronic kidney disease include conditions that damage your kidneys and decrease their ability to keep healthy by doing the jobs listed, if it gets worse, wastes can build to high levels in the blood and make person sick.
Chronic kidney disease is caused by diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders.

What causes chronic kidney disease?
The two main causes of chronic kidney disease are diabetes & high blood pressure which are responsible for up to two third of the cases. Other conditions that affect the kidney are:
1. A group of diseases that cause inflammation and damage to the kidney’s filtering unit.
2. Inherited disease such as poly cystic kidney disease.
3. Malformation that occur as a baby develop in mother’s womb.
4. Lupus and other disease that affect the body’s immune system.
5. Repeated urinary infections.

What are the symptoms of chronic kidney disease?
1. Feel more tired and have less energy
2. Have trouble concentrating
3. Poor appetite
4. Trouble sleeping
5. Muscle cramping at night
6. Swollen feet and ankles
7. Puffiness around the eyes especially in the morning
8. Dry itchy skin
9. Need to urinate more often, especially at night.

In case of the similar symptoms one needs to get it diagnosed and connect with the physician for good care and treatment. Stay Healthy!

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Parkinson's Disease - What Are The Risk Factors?

Dr. Deepak Kumar 90% (25 ratings)
M. Ch (Neuro Surgery), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Neurologist, Gurgaon
Parkinson's Disease - What Are The Risk Factors?

Parkinson’s disease is a disorder involving the nervous system. It can start with a mere tremor of one hand and advances to slow movement and stiffness. The face might show little no symptoms in the beginning but the speech might become slurred. With every passing day, the condition worsens. This condition has no permanent cure but the symptoms can be improved with proper medication.

What are the symptoms?
Some unmistakable symptoms include the following:

  • A sudden shaking of the limb. A sudden tremor of the hand is a very common symptom of this disease.
  • A stiffness of the muscles that can limit the range of motion and sharp pain.
  • The posture of the body might get compromised. Often balancing problems are witnessed among many patients.
  • There could be problems with speech leading to soft, slurry or quick speech. The speech in some cases can become monotonous devoid of inflexions.
  • Parkinson’s disease can lead to slow movement and makes performing of simple tasks difficult.
  • Patients often find writing very difficult

What are the possible causes of Parkinson’s disease?

  • Specific genetic mutation can lead to Parkinson’s disease in folks who have a family history of Parkinson’s disease. Certain variations of the gene increase the risk of this disease
  • Exposure to certain environmental factors or certain toxins can trigger Parkinson’s disease in an individual.
  • Certain cells in the brain known as Lewy bodies can trigger Parkinson’s disease.
  • A certain kind of protein cells within the brain known as alpha-synuclein can trigger the Parkinson’s disease in an individual

What are the risk factors?

  • Heredity: Having an immediate family member or a close relative suffering from Parkinson’s disease can increase the risk of getting this disease in an individual
  • Age: Although not a prime risk factor, but an individual over the age of over 60 have an increased risk of getting this disease
  • Toxins: Exposure to pesticide or certain herbicide increase the risk of Parkinson’s
  • Sex: Men are more likely to get Parkinson’s disease than women

What is the medication for Parkinson’s disease?

  • Carbidopa-levodopa: This is a natural chemical that gets passed to the brain and is converted to dopamine by the body. The benefits of this medication might reduce with increased symptoms.
  • Carbidopa-levodopa infusion: A popular drug in this category is known as the Duopa. It is administered directly into the small intestine in the form of gel through a feeding tube.
  • MAO-B inhibitors: Drugs from this group include rasagiline and selegiline. This is a powerful medicine. Many patient experiences hallucination during the initial days of consuming these drugs.
  • Anticholinergics: This medication is mainly used to counter tremors of the limbs in the early stage of the Parkinson’s disease.

Lung Cancer - Symptoms At Early & Later Stages!

Dr. Arun Madan 88% (15 ratings)
MD , MBBS
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Lung Cancer - Symptoms At Early & Later Stages!

Lungs are the most important organ of our body that has the responsibility of taking in the oxygen and releasing out carbon dioxide. When cancer develops in it, the entire body gets imbalanced. Lung cancer leads to more death than any other type of cancer, which is why identifying the symptoms and knowing the causes are instrumental in obtaining a timely diagnosis as well as in prevention of this disease.

Symptoms of Lung Cancer

In the early stages:

  1. Persistent coughing
  2. Chest pain
  3. Bleeding
  4. Fatigue
  5. Loss of appetite
  6. Sudden weight loss
  7. Headaches
  8. Coughing up blood

In the later stages:

  1. Bone pain
  2. Joint pain
  3. Facial paralysis
  4. Neck swelling
  5. Blood clotting
  6. Weakness
  7. Sever chest pain

Causes of Lung Cancer

Smoking: People who smoke are more prone to lung cancer. With the increase in the number of cigarettes you smoke, your chances of getting lung cancer increase too. People who don't smoke but are surrounded by the smokers also have high chances of being affected by this form of cancer.

Exposure to Asbestos: Asbestos is a group of mineral, which is present naturally in the environment. Lung cancer can occur due to the inhalation and ingestion of asbestos fibers.

Exposure to Ranon Gas: Ranon is a radioactive gas, which is formed naturally on decaying of radioactive elements. It is found in low levels in the air that we breathe and the water that we drink. Consumption of air and water having this gas leads to lung cancer.

High Levels of Air Pollution: Presence of high levels of dust particles and pollutants in the air that we breathe can cause lung cancer. 1-2% of lung cancer is caused because of it.

High Levels of Arsenic in Drinking Water: Consuming water with arsenic content is harmful as it directly affects the lungs and when the arsenic content is too high, it may lead to lung cancer.

Exposure to Chemicals: Exposure to certain chemicals like uranium, coal products, gasoline, diesel exhaust and mustard gas can also cause lung cancer.

Family History of Lung Cancer: Chances of getting lung cancer increase if your parents, child or siblings are already prone to lung cancer.

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