Vaccines are not just for kids; the human body can be vulnerable to viruses during any time period of life. It is important for an adult to get vaccinated regularly, else there are always chances that some virus or infection may attack you in a severe way.
Let's look at some of the vaccines adults should get for a healthy and ensured life:
Human Papilloma Vaccine: Human Papillomavirus is one such deadly virus that is responsible for Cervical Cancer in women and Skin or Genital Warts in both men and women. There are over 100 types of Human Papillomavirus that can spread between people through skin contact. Around 40 of them pass on through sexual contact. HPV vaccine is available in any reputed hospital.
There are two kinds of HPV vaccines -
When should we get it?
You can get HPV vaccine anytime; one single shot lasts about two years.
Pneumococcal Vaccine -
Who should get this vaccine?
How many vaccine shots should I get?
PCV 13 and PPSV23 is prescribed to the elderly over the age of 60. PCV13 is to be taken at first and PPSV23 to be taken one year after the first shot.
Hepatitis Vaccine -
Strains of Hepatitis Viruses like A, B and C attack the Liver and can cause Liver failure in adults. There are vaccines to prevent the human body from Type A and Type B. However, there’s no vaccine for hepatitis C yet.
Who can get it?
When to get it?
Hepatitis vaccine can be taken during any time of the year.
Vaccine options for Flu:
Vaccine options for Typhoid:
Vaccine options for Pneumococcal:
Vaccine option for Hepatitis A:
Vaccine for Hepatitis B:
Human body is vulnerable throughout its life. Deadly viruses can attack our body anytime, and we must stay prepared and ahead of them. The vaccines mentioned above would help in avoiding some of the common but dangerous diseases.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is one the most common sexually transmitted virus and an HPV vaccination protect you against this virus. It is estimated that HP infects at least 50% of the population during their sexually active phase. Although the virus is not a deadly type of a virus asit goes away on its own, in some cases, it can lead to anal, throat cancers and genital warts as well.
The common vaccine
Gardasil is the common form of HPV vaccine that is routinely given for such conditions. It is given to people who’re between the age group of 9 and 26. HPV vaccine is not fool-proof as these don’t work effectively against all types of HPV. But, these vaccines are effective against the high-risk strains that account for nearly 75% of all cervical cancers. The vaccine is also effective against the cancer of the vagina and vulva.
The correct dose
The vaccine has a virus-like strain but it is not the actual virus. The patient is given three doses over a period of six months, and there are no side effects associated with it, apart from giddiness and instances of fainting spells (in some cases). However, these are only passing phases and should disappear in some time.
It’s always advisable that you consult a well-trusted doctor before going for one of such vaccines. Thanks to marketing gimmicks, many people can be misguided into this, so it’s always better to know if you’re the right person for this or not. Check your report with a doctor, and then decide. Recently, Gardasil 9 was approved by the medical associations and this strain of vaccine is far more effective than its counterparts.
Above all the vaccination should not be taken without consulting your gynaecologist.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of 200 viruses. 40 of these are transmitted through direct sexual contact. The infections from papillomavirus can cause penile cancer and anal cancer in men. It can cause genital warts, cervical cancer, anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, vulval cancer, and vaginal cancer in women. The Human Papillomavirus is used to prevent such diseases.
Transmission and infection from HPV
The symptoms of the HPV infection usually develop years after the first contact. Therefore, there is a huge possibility of transmission of the virus during intimate. HPV virus may be of a high-risk variety or a low-risk variety. The high-risk HPV produces two proteins. These deactivate the tumour suppressing genes. This leads to abnormal growth of cells that causes cancer. Cervical cancer is the most common form of HPV infection.
In India over 1,22,000 women are diagnosed annually from HPV related cancers. Of them, 67,000 women die annually. Thus, India has the highest HPV related deaths in the world. Using HPV vaccination when a person becomes sexually active is the only preventive method.
HPV vaccine is used to produce antibodies against the virus that prevent them from infecting the cells. It contains virus-like particles. These are not infectious despite having the structure of a virus. The vaccine promotes antibody production and prevents future infections. HPV vaccine is quite effective if an individual is immunised before becoming sexually active. The vaccination requires three shots given over a period of 6 months if you are beetween age 13-26. All girls before marriage should take this vaccine. It is single best vaccine which can prevent genital cancer in women.
Cervical cancer is one of the major health concern in India. To curb this up, cervical cancer screening is done in reproduction age group patients to diagnose it. It is a one-minute painless opd procedure in which secretion around the cervix is taken for testing. It is called a pap smear test. Another more specific test is liquid-based cytology (LBC) which is also done in a similar way. The report comes within 2 days. Cervical cancer vaccine comes in the form of injections. Total 3 doses of injections are to be taken over 6 month period. I request all women to undergo cervical cancer screening and vaccination and stay healthy always.