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Overview

Eye Pain: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Eye pain is generally associated with eye inflammation, sharp, shooting, gritty or dull feeling in the eye, pressure, aching, stabbing or throbbing. Sometimes, the pain which originates from the eye is confused with other indications such as sinus pain, migraine, headache, or toothache. People generally seek medical care from a doctor commonly for eye pain. An ophthalmologist is an eye specialist to whom patients with eye problem go and get the required treatment.

There are various treatments available for specified eye problems. Eye pain results from multiple causes. These include conjunctivitis, foreign body in the eye, corneal ulcerations or abrasions, chemical or corneal eye burns, blepharitis, chalazions, glaucoma, iritis, trauma caused to the eye, migraines, sinusitis and optic neuritis. The bacterial form of conjunctivitis is treated from antibiotic drops, pain medication or eye ointment. Viral conjunctivitis which is also known as the pink eye is treated in a similar way as the bacterial one because there is hardly any difference between the two conditions. Antihistamines are used for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis either in the form of oral agents such as Benadryl or drops. In case there is a foreign body present in the eye causing pain and burning sensation, it is removed with a cotton tip applicator, small needle, ophthalmologic drill, or through eye wash irrigation.

How is the treatment done?

Eye pain is a typically progressive and chronic condition which may sometimes not be completely cured or managed, depending upon its cause and severity. But in most of the cases, it has been found that eye pain has been managed successfully, which usually results in fewer eye pain symptoms in future, greater eye comfort, and sharper vision in rare cases. A variety of treatment options are approached towards this condition as it has a number of causes.

In case of mild pain of the eye caused due to excess use of computer, schoolwork, reading and other situations, the best treatment for the eye available is frequent usage of lubricating eye drops or artificial tears. These drops are light and watery roving quick relief with little blurring of the vision on application. Often times, their soothing effect is short lived and should be used frequently for adequate relief. Long-lasting lubrication can be provided by certain eye drops which are more gel-like and have a high viscosity. The ingredients used in a particular eye drop associated with certain brands determine the type of eye pain condition to which they are best suited. For example, a particular brand may work better for an evaporative eye pain condition while some other brand may be effective for aqueous-deficiency eye pain. Be sure to follow the directions of your eye doctor on which formulation or brand of eye drop you should use and how often you should use them.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Women who are not pregnant, adults and even children are eligible for the treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Pregnant women in some cases are not eligible for the treatment as the eye drop may enter the bloodstream and harm the fetus.

Are there any side effects?

The side effects of the treatment include burning, itching, stinging and irritating sensation for 1-2 minutes on application. Other side effects are temporary blurred vision, allergic reactions, cloudy vision, and increased sensitivity to light.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After application of the eye drop, keep your eyes close for 2 to 3 minutes and put your head down while looking at the floor. Cigarette smoke can increase the risk of developing eye pain. It is advisable to stay away from it. Warm compresses over your eyes will provide immense relief and will fend off irritation. You can then wash your eyes later on with baby shampoo to help release the oil in the glands of the eyelids’, which also improves the quality of your tears. Finally, completely rinse your eyes from soap to avoid irritation. A diet enriched with omega-3 fatty acid supplement will help your eye condition.

How long does it take to recover?

It takes approximately 6 to 12 weeks to recover from eye pain condition.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of the treatment ranges from Rs. 18 to Rs. 3,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

No the results of the treatment are not permanent and the eye drops have to be taken frequently for a proper and adequate effect to be noticed. It may develop again if preventive measures are not kept in mind.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

In case you are having side effects from excessive usage of eye drops then your doctor might recommend you to take certain medications and antibiotics to relieve your eye. An anti-inflammatory medication known as the cyclosporine is prescribed to increase tear protection and prevent corneal damage.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Rs. 18- Rs. 3,000

Popular Health Tips

Macular Degeneration- Is Sun Exposure The Leading Cause For It?

MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology, Fellowship in Cornea and Anterior Segment
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Macular Degeneration- Is Sun Exposure The Leading Cause For It?

We spend so much time out in the sun every single day, going about our usual routine, heading for work, mostly preoccupied with our own thoughts that it hardly comes to our mind how our health is getting affected. Of course, most people take necessary precautions to avoid tanning, skin problems and other common conditions. But how often do we think of the damage caused to our eyes?

Research studies show that people who spend a considerable amount of time outdoors and are exposed to sun light almost all the time, are likely to develop severe eye problems such as macular degeneration.
Macular degeneration affects the retina, the layer present at the back of your eyeball. This layer consists of light-sensitive cells that help you see the world around. The tissues of your eyes become affected and dry out due to over exposure to sun’s UV rays. Macular degeneration can cause you to lose your central vision, which means your vision gets obstructed when you look straight ahead.

Types of Macular Degeneration-
Macular degeneration can be of two types-

  1. Dry macular degeneration- This is the most common form of macular degeneration. This condition occurs when yellow-coloured small deposits (known as drusen) start to develop beneath the macula. This leads to retinal damage and loss of vision. Nearly 85-90% of people are affected by dry macular degeneration.
  2. Wet macular degeneration- This eye condition is not that common, and only affects about 10-15% of people. Wet macular degeneration develops when abnormal blood vessels are formed beneath the macula and retina. You may observe a dark spot right at the center of the vision due to bleeding or leakage of the blood vessels.

Symptoms of Macular Degeneration-
Macular degeneration is a progressive disorder, meaning the condition will worsen over time. Recognizing the symptoms of this condition at an early stage is crucial. So watch out for the following signs-

  • Blurred vision
  • Difficulty adjusting to low light
  • Inability to recognize faces
  • Reduction in central vision
  • A curvature of straight lines in the field of your vision
  • Need for brighter lights

Macular degeneration prevents you from looking at things that are placed directly in front of you. It does not, however, cause complete blindness.

How is the condition treated?
Macular degeneration cannot be cured completely. But there are a number of ways to manage the severity of this condition.
High dose of zinc and antioxidant vitamins are prescribed to slow down the progression of Dry Macular Degeneration-

  • 500mg of Vitamin-C
  • 400 IU of Vitamin-E
  • 2mg of copper as cupric oxide
  • 80mg of zinc as zinc oxide

Laser surgery is performed to destroy the permeable blood vessels at the back of the retina.

Eye injections are given to block the growth factors responsible for development of abnormal blood vessels.

Photodynamic therapy involves injecting a light-activated drug into your bloodstream. After injecting the drug, your eyes are exposed to light for about 90 seconds. This allows the therapy to improve your vision. You may have to undergo multiple sessions of this procedure.

Photocoagulation therapy is primarily directed towards treating Wet Macular Degeneration. High-energy laser beams are used in this procedure to destroy the abnormal blood vessels. The objective of the treatment is to prevent bleeding, thereby reducing further damage to the macula. Nevertheless, the laser can leave you scarred or leave behind a spot on the eyes.

Apart from the aforementioned treatment methods, one must adopt certain lifestyle changes to protect their eyes. These include- wearing sun glasses and magnifying lenses, adjusting the font size and brightness level on your computer, including lots of green veggies etc. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4774 people found this helpful

Diabetic & Hypertensive Eyes - How to Take Care Of Them?

DOMS(gold Medal);guru Nanak Eye Centre;University Of Delhi, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Diabetic & Hypertensive Eyes - How to Take Care Of Them?

You know that diabetes is a chronic condition that renders difficulties to the patient in several aspects. A comprehensive care is essential to manage it effectively as the condition can lead to many other diseases including eye diseases.

If you have been diagnosed with diabetic or hypertensive eyes, then it means that your vision has started to deteriorate. But you need not lose hope as it is still possible to remedy the situation. Understanding the issue in detail will help you cope with the situation better.

What are diabetic and hypertensive eyes?
Diabetic eye refers to the complications in the eyes as a result of diabetes. It affects the blood vessels of the retina and hence develop impairment of vision and loss of vision in severe cases. Similarly, hypertensive eye as indicated by the name is the situation where in the eye is affected as a result of hypertension. This is because high blood pressure affects the blood vessels of the retina. It does not allow the retina to function properly and puts pressure on the optic nerve resulting is vision problems.

What are the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy?

Like many conditions of this nature, the early stages of diabetic retinopathy may occur without symptoms and without pain. An actual influence on the vision will not occur until the disease advances. Symptoms may only become noticeable once the disease advances, but the typical symptoms of retinopathy to look out for include:

  1. Sudden changes in vision / blurred vision
  2. Eye floaters and spots
  3. Double vision
  4. Eye pain

How to take care of the conditions?
In the conditions of the diabetic eye and hypertensive eye that prime step to take care is to control diabetes and hypertension respectively. By following the prescribed medications for these conditions, the vision problem can be managed. At the same time, some adequate preventive measures are of utmost importance to efficiently and effectively take care of both diabetic eye and hypertensive eye.

Taking care of diabetic eye
First and foremost, you need to keep your diabetes under control and prevent it from being getting into the advanced stage. You should take utmost care to maintain the blood sugar level under control. After that, it is also necessary to keep the blood pressure in the correct range. Also, the cholesterol level in the blood needs to be under control. A proper and balanced diet is essential in this case. Whole grains, green leafy vegetables, fruits and lean protein should be included in the diet. Exercising is also very important to deal with diabetic, and if you are a smoker, you should quit it immediately since it causes problems with the blood vessels.

Taking care of hypertensive eye
You should bring down your blood pressure to the correct level and maintain it. You should consume a diet which contains all the essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals. You should make sure not to do or involve in anything activity that can increase your tension or excite you. Smoking and drinking should be avoided to deal with the hypertensive eyes effectively. You should get yourself adequate and peaceful sleep which will help you to ease out of tension.

It is imperative to consult an ophthalmologist if you notice the classic symptoms of vision problems such as blurry vision, seeing floaters or flashes. If the condition progresses, treatment will involve medications or surgery depending on the severity of the condition. Hence, the best way to avoid such complications is to maintain a healthy lifestyle to take due care of your eyes.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2965 people found this helpful

Headaches & Eyes - Are They Related?

M.S. Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Vadodara
Headaches & Eyes - Are They Related?

Headaches are very commonly experienced by humans. They arise from many causes across many systems of our body and also mind. The causes may range from trivial to grave in their seriousness. Following are common causes of headaches arising from Eye Problems

  1. Refractive Errors ( having glasses): Headaches can occur when people don’t use glasses which they may be having or using wrong glasses ( undercorrected or overcorrected glasses). Typically such headaches are not present after rest as in waking up after a night’s sleep. As the day progresses, the headache builds up and may be worst by the evening. It may also worsen on reading or watching TV. It is usually relieved by rest or after night’s sleep. Such type of headache should prompt a person to get an eye check up for glasses and use appropriate glasses. Often, glasses got from optical shops directly may also be inaccurate and cause headaches. So it is better to get tested by an eye doctor or an optometrist.

  2. Glaucoma - Rise of Intraocular Pressure (IOP): Eye pressure rises can be Acute ( sudden) or Chronic (persistent). Sudden rise of Eye pressure occurs in Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma in which, typically in evening hours there occurs a headache and accompanied by an eye ache on one side ( Right or Left eye) which may be associated with seeing rainbow colored haloes from that eye, redness of eye and reduction of vision. This may occur for a short while with low intensity and also disappear on its own as night comes on ( Intermittent Angle Closure). Or it may persist, intensify and cause a worst kind of headache and eye pain (like an attack) associated with vomiting or nausea ( Acute angle closure). Earliest assessment/ treatment by Eye doctor is required. The pressure rise in chronic type (Open Angle Glaucoma) is usually painless but sometimes vague headaches for no reason occurring in middle age or later may point to its presence.

  3. Muscle Imbalance: The two eyes normally work together. Some problems in this binocular harmony ( Technically called Phorias, convergence insufficiency, accommodative insufficiency, don’t worry if you can’t understand these terms) may cause headaches, especially in children and young adults. Your eye doctor will help.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2654 people found this helpful

Allergic Conjunctivitis - 5 Top Ways To Deal With It!

Diploma In Allergy & Clinical Immunology, MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, M.Med - Family Medicine
Allergist/Immunologist, Kochi
Allergic Conjunctivitis - 5 Top Ways To Deal With It!

Allergic conjunctivitis is the result of a foreign particle (allergen) coming in contact with the eye. Once this happens, the immune system overreacts resulting into an inflammation of the eye. The eyes sore with pain. The over secretion of the histamine dilates the blood vessels causing the nerve to irritate and blood vessels of the eyes to expand. Some common reasons of allergic conjunctivitis include eye drops, pollen, dust mites, makeup and animal fur. The good news is that allergic conjunctivitis is easily treatable. Here are top five ways to deal with this condition:

  1. Taking care of the eye: It is advised not to wear contact lenses until the symptoms go away fully. If any medication is used, a person must wait for at least 24 hours before putting on the contact lenses. Sometimes our hands carry major pollens that result in allergic conjunctivitis. It is equally important not to rub the eye without washing both the hands. Many studies have also reported that frequent bathing of the eye with cold water helps to clear the symptoms quickly. Some even say that frequent splash of warm water does the trick.
  2. Avoid the allergen: Allergen being the villain behind the occurrence of this condition, it is very important to stay away from it. In peak pollen times, it makes sense to close the door. In case a person must go out, it makes sense to wear a sunglass. A pillow made of feathers should be changed every week to stay away from the infection. The number of dust mites at home should be decreased as much as one can.
  3. Antihistamines: To quickly get rid of allergic conjunctivitis, doctors often prescribe antihistamines. It can be in the form of eye drop or oral presentation. They can successfully counter the effect of histamine which the body produces because of the hyper activity of the immune system. An antihistamine can block the aggressive effect of the immune system in a short time. Some of the commonly prescribed histamines include loratadine, cetirizine, emedastine, and ketotifen. People taking this form of the medicine for the very first time should refrain from carrying heavy load or driving.
  4. Mast cell Stabilizers: These takes a little longer to act as compared to antihistamines. Their effects, however, are more lasting compared to its peers. Some of the popular mast cell stabilizers include nedocromil and lodoxamide. This medicine belongs to a non-steroid family and can successfully block the chemicals that cause inflammation.
  5. Corticosteroids: These medicines are only prescribed by doctors when the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis are serious. They belong to the steroid family of medicine produced synthetically. They can reduce the immune response of the body quickly and reduce the swelling as well. They can have possible side-effects. It is therefore wise, to consult a doctor before using it. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2932 people found this helpful

5 Most Common Corneal Problems!

MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology, DNB - Ophthalmology , Fellowship in Cornea and Anterior Segment, Fellowship in Phacoemulsification
Ophthalmologist, Vadodara
5 Most Common Corneal Problems!

The cornea is the transparent layer of the eye that acts as a protective shield. The cornea, in combination with the sclera, protects the eyes from various harmful microorganisms and particulate matter, including the harmful UV radiations (to some extent). The cornea is made up of three important layers, the Endothelium, Stroma, and the Epithelium.

  1. Endothelium: The inner layer of the cornea, the endothelium helps to maintain a clear vision by removing the excess fluid absorbed by the stroma. The mitochondria-rich single celled layer functions more like a pump.
  2. Stroma: The middle corneal layer is extremely thick (~90% of the total corneal thickness) and composed mainly of proteins and fluids. Like the endothelium, the stroma, too, plays a pivotal role in the normal eye vision.
  3. Epithelium: Being the outermost layer, the epithelium functions as a defensive shield, protecting the eyes from harmful germs, bacteria and any matter that can harm the eye. Most importantly, the epithelium absorbs the essential nutrients and oxygen (present in the tears). The cornea, thus, plays a pivotal role in the normal vision of the eye. However, an injury or an infection can interfere with the corneal functioning, affecting a person's vision as well as giving rise to other complications (the eyes may appear itchy, watery and red. There may also be light sensitivity).

Some of the common cornea problems include

  1. Keratitis: Injury or microbial (bacteria, virus or fungi) infiltration of the cornea can trigger this condition resulting in corneal infection and inflammation. Some of the symptoms characteristic of keratitis include extreme light sensitivity, blurred vision. The inflammation can also result in redness, pain (moderate to severe) and watery eyes. Antifungal, antiviral or steroidal eye drops may provide relief from the associated symptoms.
  2. Shingles (Herpes Zoster): This condition mainly affects people who have suffered from chickenpox. In some cases, the virus though inactive may still be present in the body (in the nerves). However, at a later period, certain factors may trigger its activation. Once active, the virus can affect different parts of the body, including the cornea. Shingles can cause corneal soreness and inflammation. Old people and those with a weak immunity are more likely to suffer from shingles. People with shingles may benefit from the administration of steroidal (tropical) and antiviral eye drops.
  3. Ocular Herpes: This is a viral infection triggered by Herpes Simplex Virus I (HSV I) or Herpes Simplex Virus II (HSV II) resulting in herpes of the cornea. The condition gives rise to corneal inflammation and sores. Here too, the patient can get some relief by using antiviral or steroidal eye drops.
  4. Keratoconus: This is a degenerative disorder of the cornea that results in thinning of the cornea. The condition can also alter the corneal shape, resulting in swelling, pain, and loss of vision (partial to complete, particularly the night vision).
  5. Fuchs' Dystrophy: This is a corneal dystrophy whereby the corneal endothelial cells break down at a slower rate than usual. As a result, the stroma may be waterlogged resulting in swelling and blurred vision. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult an ophthalmologist.
4587 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from headache from past 2 years with sharp pain usually one side involving eyes as well. I have consulted doctor and they prescribed me medicines n having the diagnosis of clinical migraine. Medicine work once I take them but I can not get rid of headache as it is every two days problem. Kindly help thanks.

MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Post-Graduate Diploma In Rheumatology, Post-Graduate Diploma In Sports Injury Rehabilitation, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Pain Management Specialist, Delhi
Most of the "Myofascial pains" are usually erroneously diagnosed as Migraine headache. In-fact 90% of headache has no connection to your head and brain. These are muscular trigger pain and need proper diagnosis and comprehensive management.
3 people found this helpful

Hi, When I look to plane surface there is lot spot light and flash lights and I get eye pain also what will be the reasons?Please suggest me something for that.

M.S. Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Vadodara
If this is recent and happens even without looking at plane surface, you need to be checked by an eye doctor, esp. Retina. For more clarity, you may come for private phone consult on this site.

My eyes are dry and painful. My eyeballs are inflamed, with red veins all over. Have used all sorts of lubricating drops but to no avail. Currently using Ocusoft Max drops and local Eye ointment. Went to Vision Care stay Nagar.Please suggest me something for that.

MBBS, DNB (Ophthalmology), ROP
Ophthalmologist, Coimbatore
Do you itching cause you need to have anti allergic eye drops like ocupat or ocurest if that is the case. Also since you say it is paining, we need to find out whether it is actually inflammation which causing pain and redness. Consult an ophthalmologist to rule out the same. But if what we are looking at is only dryness, then Use Eubri eye drops 4 times a day along with Genteal gel at night. Also take cap Osmega once daily. Use it for at least 15 days. If in spite of this your symptoms don't subside, we will have to investigate you for systemic causes for dryness.
2 people found this helpful

I have to study daily for 6-8 hrs from my laptop. This makes my skull area and area above eyes pain and I often feel like I need to vomit. However my eyesight is the same. I have never worn glasses. Should I get one for my headache problem.

DNB Ophtalmology
Ophthalmologist, Vadodara
Hello lybrate-user, Pain above the eyebrows could be due to eyestrain. As you have never got your vision tested, I suggest you should get it examined from an ophthalmologist. If its a refractive error, simple spectacles can solve your issue. Thank you.
3 people found this helpful

When I ride on bike I feel pain in my eyes and head but when I wear I my speaks I don't feel pain.Please help me for that.

Fellowship in Cornea and Refractive Surgery (FCRS), DNB (Ophthalmology), MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Mumbai
You maybe having dry eyes which get worse when riding on the bike. Kindly visit an eye surgeon to test for the type of dry eye and accordingly prescribe medicines.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
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