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Common Issues
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Burns: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A burn is caused by prolonged exposure to fire and can range in severity from mild to extreme and fatal. The severity depends mainly on the time period of the exposure to the fire, and the total area that is burned. A first degree burn is the mildest. It refers to a burn that only affects the upper layer of the skin. Such burns can be treated easily, and often do no leave a scar if treated well on time. A second degree burn goes deeper than the first layer of the skin and requires more medical attention than a first degree burn. A third degree burn is the most severe. It affects the muscles of your body, and can even go down to the bone. This type of burn requires extensive medical attention for the treatment, including surgery.

Minor burns incurred in the kitchen can be treated with the help of creams and ointments that are meant for burns. The first line of treatment is to run cold water over the burnt area, after which you can proceed with applying the ointment. Major burns, on the other hand, can require skin grafts, surgery, and intensive care. If they spread over the large part of the body, these burns can be fatal. Getting medical treatment at a hospital is extremely important when it comes to burns. There must be no delay in treatment.

How is the treatment done?

To start with the treatment, the doctor in the emergency room will first clear the wound. If there is any debris in the wound or any external object like dirt or ash, the wound can become infected and this can cause problems with the healing. Once the wound is cleaned, the treatment can begin. If the burns are extremely severe, the doctor may have to reopen the wounds a little every day in order to allow the muscles below to heal. Though this may seem counterintuitive, and is quite painful, it is an essential part of the road to recovery.

Skin grafts are also a commonly used treatment for burns. In this treatment, sheets of fresh skin are laid over the burnt area. The skin melds with the body as it heals and becomes a part of it, leaving a network of pink and white scarred flesh. This line of treatment is usually employed when the patient’s skin is not viable for treatment as it is too damaged.

Mild burns can be treated at home with the help of ointments and creams that are available over the counter. These creams cool down the burnt skin and allow it to smoothen and heal quickly. In this case, there usually isn’t a scar left behind. Though when it comes to second and third degree burns, you can expect a scar.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you have second and third degree burns, you should go to the hospital immediately for treatment. You can also go if you have first degree burns and want to be on the safe side.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you have certain allergies, it may interfere with the treatment process, making you eligible for some of the treatment options.

Are there any side effects?

With burn treatments, bruising and swelling are a part of the treatment itself. You can also expect pain, disorientation, and loss of memory at times if the treatment is too traumatic. Scars can also be expected.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

During the healing process, you will be advised to stay away from heat and open flames. Once you have recovered, you will be encouraged to lead a normal life.

How long does it take to recover?

Depending on the severity of the burns it can take anywhere between a few days to a few years to recover completely.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Skin grafts cost anywhere between Rs. 50,000 to Rs 1,00,000 depending on the size of the graft that is needed.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives to the treatment. You must visit a hospital and see a medical professional if you have been burnt.

Safety: Low Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: High Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 1,00,000

Popular Health Tips

Burn Injuries - 5 Ways You Can Manage The Pain It Cause!

Dr. K J Choudhury 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD, M.N.A.M.S(Anaesthesiology), FWACS
Pain Management Specialist, Delhi
Burn Injuries - 5 Ways You Can Manage The Pain It Cause!
While injuries of any form can be painful, burn injuries are one of the worst to suffer from. While cuts and bruises can be temporarily assuaged with a proper dressing, burns are quite different in this regard. With burns, the damaged tissues will stay on the body and may cause continuous pain. Thus, burn injuries are difficult to treat and they require different strategies for pain management as well. Treatment methods available for treating pain arising due to burn injuries Apply an anesthetic cream or aloevera gel to soothe the burnt skin. Avoid exposing the skin to air as that will cause painful sensations. Loose gauze or antibiotic ointment must be used to protect the influenced area. Soak the burnt area wound in cold water for about five minutes or more. If the burn escalates or affects a widespread area, seek medical attention immediately. Pain management factors for burn injuries: Relaxation: During the phase of recovery, burn injuries put immense stress on your body and continue for a long period. Muscle tension is caused by stress that increases pain. Some relaxation techniques are proven to be beneficial to reduce the stress on body. Coping with your pain: Different people have different ways to cope with physical discomfort. Look out for situational aspects which are currently under your control and take it positively. The what ifs or wishing that the burn didn t occur in the first place will not help with your current situation. You should focus on things what you can control like self-rehabilitation, doing your daily exercises, physical therapy treatment or following a doctor s suggestion of pain management strategies. This will help you cope with your pain to a greater extent. Sleep medications: If your normal sleep routine is hampered, consult your physician for safe sleep medications. Proper sleep is very important for the healing process and even more so in the case of burn related injuries. Antidepressants: Some people may not be suffering from depression, but they might still need antidepressants for relief and sound sleep. A health care provider might prescribe antidepressants as a way to deal with acute pain from burn injuries. Increase the pace of your activities: If you want to rebuild your health and stamina and get back in form soon, focus on the regular physical and mental activities. Exercise regularly, but don t push yourself too much. Increase your physical activities gradually over time. Unless and until you are fully comfortable, don t strain yourself too much. Occupational and physical therapists can help you with an appropriate activity program.

Chemical Burns - Do s and Don'ts of It!

Dr. Sachin Yeole 86% (24 ratings)
MD - Dermatology , Fellowship in Hair Transplant
Dermatologist, Nashik
Chemical Burns - Do s and Don'ts of It!
A chemical burn can occur owing to a number of substances, for instance, if the skin comes in contact with strong acids, bases, irritants, gasoline, paint thinner and drain cleaners then it react with your skin. Chemical burns are also termed as caustic burns. The symptoms usually depend on the intensity of a burn, which include redness, irritation, numbness, pain, the skin turning black and dead or even vision loss, if the chemicals come in contact with the eyes. What are the Do s and Don ts? Do away with those chemicals, which have caused the burn or wipe off the dry chemicals. It is safe to use towels or put on gloves for this work. Remove jewelry or any contaminated clothing to avoid further burning and inflammation of the skin. Rinse off the affected area immediately with cold water. Loosely wrap the area with sterile gauze or a bandage. If required, you can even opt for pain relievers such as naproxen sodium, ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Consider taking a tetanus injection, but at the same time, ensure that your booster is up-to-date. Refrain from applying an antibiotic ointment over the burnt area or neutralizing it with an alkali or acid. This may aggravate the burn. When should you seek an emergency care? When the person exhibits sign of shock such as shallow breathing, pale complexion or is experiencing bouts of fainting. When the chemical burn pierces through the upper layer of the skin, occupying an area of above 3 inches in diameter. When the chemical burn has spread to the buttocks, groin, face, feet, hands, eyes or even the limb.
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Penis Health and Shea Butter - Why Nature's Oldest Remedy Is Man's Best Friend

Dr. Vinod Raina 91% (4535 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Penis Health and Shea Butter - Why Nature's Oldest Remedy Is Man's Best Friend
Lathering up the penis with butter isn't a very enticing concept. A guy who coats his rod with standard table butter, for example, isn't likely to gain anything aside from greasy pants. Obviously, this is not a good idea. There is, however, one exception to the "No Butter on the Penis" rule: Shea butter. Penis health products that contain this ingredient offer significant benefits to the penis. Here's why. A Rough Surface Penile skin is subject to abuse day in and day out. Men may scrub their tissues with harsh soaps, rub their skin raw between their fingers or use harsh lubricants when they're getting intimate with partners. Even basic daily friction from clothing and play can be enough to make the member dry and cracked. The skin might look healthy, and it might even feel good, but the surface of the tissue is likely dotted with all sorts of tears and rough spots. Skin that's torn like this is at risk of additional damage. Each little skin tear can snag on clothing, and all of those cracks serve as hospitable environments for bacteria. If left untreated, skin condition will almost certainly worsen. Fortunately, treatment is as simple as throwing some lotion on. The Power of Shea Shea butter is ideal for skin like this. It's a creamy, thick substance that fills in the gaps in cracked skin, limiting the risk of bacteria build-up. It can also make roughened skin softer, so jagged edges won't snag and tear. Skin feels smoother and softer after a single application of Shea butter. When penis skin isn't constantly accruing more damage, it has the chance to relax and heal. And since Shea butter is a natural product, there's no need to worry about harsh chemical burns or reactions to weird additives. Unnatural ingredients can further inflame sore skin, and they're not part of the Shea butter experience. The only side effect you'll get from this natural moisturizer is softer skin. Additional Benefits Shea butter isn't just for men with sore penis skin; it can also help men who have no signs of injury at all. The smoothing action of Shea can give nerve endings greater exposure, as they won't have dead and dry skin blocking them. This can help men feel a bit more when they get busy with their partners. Daily application of a product containing Shea butter can also help to keep unpleasant odors at bay. While a properly processed dollop of Shea doesn't have a palpable scent, each application requires a man to rub the product into his skin. As he does so, he might whisk away little droplets of other fluids that don't smell so great, including: Urine Semen Sweat Lubricant Getting Started with Shea Pure Shea products can be great for men with penis woes. But pure products can also be a little too thick and greasy for the average man, and they might also be too expensive for some budgets. Pure products also don't have the mix of vitamins and minerals the penis really needs in order to perform at an optimal level. A quality penis health cr me (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) contains just the right amount of Shea along with other ingredients that can benefit the penis, including Vitamin E, alpha lipoic acid and L-arginine. All of these ingredients work with Shea butter to make the skin softer, smoother and a little more sensitive. These products are also designed specifically for genital skin, so they don't leave the tissues feeling greasy. Finally, a quality cr me will help maximize blood flow to the organ, keeping it nourished with oxygen and nutrients.
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Boils - When To Consult A Doctor?

Dr. Jatin Sharma 93% (18 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Fellowship In Dermatosurgery
Dermatologist, Zirakpur
Boils - When To Consult A Doctor?
Boils are a bacterial infection that inflames the hair follicles. They are usually painful and filled with pus. Boils appear as red lumps and quickly fill with pus as days go by. They eventually rupture and drain. A cluster of boils at the same place or in patches is known as a carbuncle. In case a single boil makes an appearance in any part of the body, it should not rupture as it can quickly spread the infection in other parts of the body as well. Symptoms: Boils mainly occur in areas such as armpits, thighs, face, neck and buttocks. Their appearance mainly occurs in places covered with hair and tends to sweat a lot. Some of the common symptoms include red bump the size of a pea, reddish appearance of the skin near the bump, increase in size of the structure and eventually rupturing. When to consult a doctor? A doctor must be visited when there is more than one boil in a particular area. Some other areas of concern include: If the size of a boil is more than 5 centimetres. If the boil causes fever. If the boil doesn t heal in more than a couple of weeks. If the boils increase in size and become extremely painful. If the boil appears on the face. Risk Factors of Boils: Boils are caused by a bacterium known as Staphylococcus aureus. They get entry to the skin where it is broken. Some of the common risk factors of this infection include diabetes, long-term infection, weakened immune system and other skin infection such as eczema, and acne. Diagnosis: A doctor is likely to diagnose boils just by having a look at it. In the case of any confusion, he might send the sample to a pathology lab for the purpose of testing. It is most likely to happen when the boil isn t responding to any treatment. In case the boil becomes resistant to standard treatment, a doctor might take a different course of action. Treatment: Boils can be treated at home itself with a warm compressor. It not only relieves pain but helps in natural damage. If the boil doesn t go away, a dermatologist must be consulted. On consultation, the dermatologist can make an incision in the infected area in order to drain the pus. For deep infections, the pus is drained with the help of sterile gauze. In case the boil is severe in nature, a doctor prescribes antibiotics to heal the infected area. For prevention, it should be ensured that the hand is washed frequently and especially so before a meal. The wound should be covered at all times and personal belongings should not be shared.
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Treating Boils With Ayurveda - Things You Must Remember!

Dr. Deepika Gorani 94% (62 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Indore
Treating Boils With Ayurveda - Things You Must Remember!
Skin inflammations can be extremely annoying. Whether it is pimples, zits or other problems, it is sure to make your life one complicated ordeal. The first thing that will happen is that you will not have the will to step out of your home because of the embarrassment. Furthermore, boils, unlike other skin issues, hamper your looks as well as cause irritations like scratches and burns. If you feel that you could ditch traditional medication and then go on to take the all-out natural route, Ayurveda is just the right option for you. But before you go ahead and begin treating the boils, identify, or at least try to alleviate the underlying causes. Become more active and don t laze around Fix your diet and leave out the spicy stuff Drink lots of water as it will flush out the toxins and keep you hydrated Incorporate an exercise regime with emphasis on cardio Avoid the sun as it can aggravate the problem Apart from these pragmatic lifestyle related changes, you also ought to pursue proper ayurveda treatments that can begin to reduce and ultimately eliminate the boils. A few drops of castor oil, when put on a piece of cotton and dabbed on the skin, will work wonders. You have to take care however not to rub it too hard. You don t want to cause any added untoward damage to the already delicate spot. Among nature s most effective and widely accepted ingredients is turmeric, which, in conjunction with a few drops of lukewarm water, can form quite an effective anti-boil remedy. Even with this one, it is essential to be extremely gentle and not be rough on the skin. The kitchen is the main place where you will get most of your ayurveda or natural ingredients. The juice from garlic and onion, used singularly or together, can work wonders. Leaves, whether it is beetle nut or neem , will help you to a great extent. Extract their juices and apply it so that the annoying boils can be shown the door sooner than they came in. All these remedies are equally effective, and the dosage will depend upon the size of the boil. In order to get the best results, use moderately-sized mixtures and apply them at intervals of 4-5 hours so that they heal faster. As a word of caution, it is best to avoid sugar-laden food and all sorts of aerated drinks. For more information, you must consult an ayurvedic practitioner near you.
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Popular Questions & Answers

My father face burn by curd how to remove stain. He suffering from 2 months age 37. Please help.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (2990 ratings)
Homeopath, Hooghly
Well apply honey with milk, apply curd with honey, apply almond paste with rose water, apply papaya with honey, this will help.
1 person found this helpful

My hand got effected with small burn the skin was disturbed little. What medicine or ointment should I use for recovery.

Dr. Jatin Soni 93% (29682 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
It’s better not to apply any medication and take oral treatment and clean the wound regularly with normal saline solution

When I was kid my whole body burnt by fire now im cured except fingers and a small area on my face so I have done surgery that areas its been 28 days and doctor suggest me to use NMFe cream they said it should be use once in a day I do not know how to use this so please tell me in details about this creams.

Dr. Bhagyesh Patel 96% (5161 ratings)
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear Popo , hi Warm welcome to I have evaluated your query thoroughly . * The NMFe cream has to be applied with gentle rubbing at the concerned places 3 times a day , has to avoid sun exposure for 1 hour after its application . Hope this clears your query . Wishing you fine recovery . Welcome for any further assistance . Regards take care .

Hot Mustard Oil spilled over right hand. There are few blisters and rest of the affected area is dark brow. Its being 2 hours since the Oil has spilled over the hand. What I should apply on the skin.

Dr. Jatin Soni 93% (29682 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
I will suggest you to do ice fomentation and I will suggest you to contact a nearby doctor for antibiotics and anti inflammatory medication after clinical examination.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Myths and Facts about Burns

Dr. Rohit Batra 90% (234 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Is aloe vera gel effective in treating burns? Take this quiz to find out!
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