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Burns: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

A burn is caused by prolonged exposure to fire and can range in severity from mild to extreme and fatal. The severity depends mainly on the time period of the exposure to the fire, and the total area that is burned. A first degree burn is the mildest. It refers to a burn that only affects the upper layer of the skin. Such burns can be treated easily, and often do no leave a scar if treated well on time. A second degree burn goes deeper than the first layer of the skin and requires more medical attention than a first degree burn. A third degree burn is the most severe. It affects the muscles of your body, and can even go down to the bone. This type of burn requires extensive medical attention for the treatment, including surgery.

Minor burns incurred in the kitchen can be treated with the help of creams and ointments that are meant for burns. The first line of treatment is to run cold water over the burnt area, after which you can proceed with applying the ointment. Major burns, on the other hand, can require skin grafts, surgery, and intensive care. If they spread over the large part of the body, these burns can be fatal. Getting medical treatment at a hospital is extremely important when it comes to burns. There must be no delay in treatment.

How is the treatment done?

To start with the treatment, the doctor in the emergency room will first clear the wound. If there is any debris in the wound or any external object like dirt or ash, the wound can become infected and this can cause problems with the healing. Once the wound is cleaned, the treatment can begin. If the burns are extremely severe, the doctor may have to reopen the wounds a little every day in order to allow the muscles below to heal. Though this may seem counterintuitive, and is quite painful, it is an essential part of the road to recovery.

Skin grafts are also a commonly used treatment for burns. In this treatment, sheets of fresh skin are laid over the burnt area. The skin melds with the body as it heals and becomes a part of it, leaving a network of pink and white scarred flesh. This line of treatment is usually employed when the patient’s skin is not viable for treatment as it is too damaged.

Mild burns can be treated at home with the help of ointments and creams that are available over the counter. These creams cool down the burnt skin and allow it to smoothen and heal quickly. In this case, there usually isn’t a scar left behind. Though when it comes to second and third degree burns, you can expect a scar.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you have second and third degree burns, you should go to the hospital immediately for treatment. You can also go if you have first degree burns and want to be on the safe side.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you have certain allergies, it may interfere with the treatment process, making you eligible for some of the treatment options.

Are there any side effects?

With burn treatments, bruising and swelling are a part of the treatment itself. You can also expect pain, disorientation, and loss of memory at times if the treatment is too traumatic. Scars can also be expected.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

During the healing process, you will be advised to stay away from heat and open flames. Once you have recovered, you will be encouraged to lead a normal life.

How long does it take to recover?

Depending on the severity of the burns it can take anywhere between a few days to a few years to recover completely.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Skin grafts cost anywhere between Rs. 50,000 to Rs 1,00,000 depending on the size of the graft that is needed.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives to the treatment. You must visit a hospital and see a medical professional if you have been burnt.

Popular Questions & Answers

I took four dose of fluconazole and ornidazole but still I have discharge and also have burning in side vagina and clit .i also feel urinated urge but my urine is clear but feel burning without any pain .what is this .i m confused that I am healing or not.

MS OBG
Gynaecologist, Guwahati
Take mertifer Mr. 1 tablet twice daily after food for 5 days. Take citralka syrup 2 tsp in a glass of water twice a day. If possible get a urine culture and sensitivity done.

Hello doctors. There were 3 warts on my testicles skin. I applied podowart paint on them. After 2 days the skin is damaged where there were warts. Now the place has turned red looks like wound or peeled skin. It’s burning and painful. I am cleaning the area and applying pure coconut oil. How long do you think the healing will take. Coconut oil is kind of soothing. Is it ok to use coconut oil. Please advise.

MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery(FMAS), Diploma in Advanced Laparoscopic surgery, Training in Laparoscopy, Advanced training in laparoscopic hernia surgery, Fellowship in advanced proctology
General Surgeon, Srinagar
Hello podoward is never to be applied to sensitive areas like scrotum etc. Now u have applied.. stop applying anymore. apply neosprin skin oint twice a day.. coconut oil will also work. regards
1 person found this helpful

‌my name is 33 years old height is 147 cms and weight 143. 6 kgs since last november 2020 I got unbearable ankle pain and burning sensation hot flashes in both soles of feet unable to walk also still unable to tolerate as it's burning during night no sleep I am diabetic too fasting sugar 101 post sugar 163 please help me and here doctors saying to elevate legs high but am unable to due to heavy weight and legs I am getting breathlessness too please help me with diet and immediate relief for my problem my parents too suffering with me it's like acid burning since last year sleeping in chair only still now no bed present situation unable to walk taking help of my parents and on liquid fast as unable to go to washroom urination on chair due to that black red bed sores on backside dead skin hanging unable to stand or eat anything due to no or sweet taste in mouth please immediately help me with good diet but mostly immediate instant relief from heel pain left leg heel outer skin into white like no blood and came off right heel is too unbearable to touch red and hot unable to lift to apply any medicine please reply asap need instant relief please also used ultracet 30 tablets dolo kind plus 30 tablets gabapin etc please suggest instant pain reliever.

MS orthopaedic, MBBS, GDMO, Senior Resident, SR Doctor
Orthopedic Doctor, Jorhat
This looks to be associated with your diabetes. Probably diabetic neuropathy. Other less likely is radiculopathy. It needs to be evaluated clinically and with some tests if possible. Observed treatment and sugar control with early start of treatme...

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MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery,FRCS (UK),FRCS,MS General Surgery,Mch (Plastic Surgery)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgery
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