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Glaucoma - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Glaucoma is a medical condition which damages the optic nerve of the eye and can get worse overtime. It occurs due to the buildup of pressure in your eyes. Glaucoma is usually inherited and passed down the genes if your family member has it. Glaucoma usually destroys the nerve which aids in transmitting images to your brain. It can result to irreversible vision loss within a few years if not treated properly. If you have diabetes, you are more prone in developing glaucoma.

Causes of glaucoma:

Glaucoma occurs when the liquid in the eye doesn’t circulate how it should, this in turn results in extremely high pressure in your eyes. The liquid which is called aqueous humor usually starts to flow out your eyes through a channel. If this channel is blocked, the fluid starts building up resulting in Glaucoma. Factor such as inflammatory conditions, blocked blood vessels in the eye, acute eye infection, chemical injury and a blunt can cause Glaucoma. It is rare but possible in some cases. An eye surgery performed to treat another condition can also trigger Glaucoma. It can affect both the eyes.

Types of Glaucoma:

  • Open angle Glaucoma- This is a very common type of Glaucoma. It is also known as wide-angle glaucoma. In this condition, the trabecular meshwork seems normal but the fluid fails to flow the way it should.
  • Angle-closure Glaucoma- It is also called narrow-angle Glaucoma and acute angle closure. In this condition, the eye doesn’t seem to drain properly because the area between the cornea and the iris is extremely narrow. This can cause an immediate buildup of eye pressure. It is linked to cataracts and farsightedness (clouding of the eye lens)
  • Risk factors for Glaucoma:

    • If you have Scandinavian, Inuit, Hispanic, Japanese, Russian, Irish or African-American ancestry.
    • If you are over 40 years old.
    • If your family members have Glaucoma
    • Having diabetes.
    • If you take steroid medications such as prednisone.
    • If you have had trauma to one or both the eyes.

    How is Glaucoma diagnosed?

    At first, the specialist will dilate your pupils with eye drops. He will then check the optic nerve. A test called tonometry can be performed to keep a check on your eye pressure. A visual field test is also done to figure if your peripheral and side vision has been affected or not. Diagnoses for Glaucoma takes very less time and is also quite painless.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Blind and patchy spots on your central and side vision Tunnel vision Severe headache Eye pain Vomiting and nausea Eye redness Blurred vision

Popular Health Tips

Diabetes - Why It Is The Worst Disease For Your Eyes?

Dr. Ravindra M.S. 85% (245 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Ophthalmology, Fellowship in Vitreo Retina, Fellowship in Cornea
Ophthalmologist, Bangalore
Diabetes - Why It Is The Worst Disease For Your Eyes?
If you are diabetic then it is important that you visit your Ophthalmologist for regular Retinal check-ups. Even if you no eye sight problem at all Diabetes is known to be one of main causes for blindness in this modern times. If you suffer from bouts of blurred vision then it can be as simple as fluctuating blood sugar levels in the body. Hence, don't make new glasses if your blood glucose is high or fluctuating. Wait till about 3 to 4 weeks after it reaches stable levels. How diabetes affects your eyes? The lens of your eyes can swell in diabetes, and this blurs your vision. What are the serous problems that are caused by diabetes? Cataract: Cataract occurs when the lens of the eye become foggy. Although cataract mostly occurs in people who are above fifty, one can get this at an earlier age in diabetics. It progresses at a much faster rate than usual in diabetics. Cataracts also makes retinal assessment more difficult for your Retinal surgeon. Once the diabetes is under control, diabetics can comfortably undergo modern cataract surgery. Healing will be as good as in normals, and visual recovery will be excellent if there is no Retinopathy. The modern topical Phacosurgery and IOL implantation can be performed with a hospital daycare stay of only few hours, and almost all the activities can be resumed on the very next day. There is no need to stop blood thinners. Glaucoma: This is another disease that can silently cause blindness in diabetes. Due to the non draining of fluids from the eye, the intra ocular pressure goes up, and this causes damage to the delicate Optic nerve of the eye. The vision remains spuriously good till the end stages. Hence annual eye pressure check up is mandatory in Glaucoma. Glaucoma tends to run in families. If Glaucoma is diagnosed or suspected, OCT of optic nerves and Ganglion cell layer and Visual fields are periodically performed to assess the possible worsening. Once damaged, the ganglion cells and the optic nerve cannot be rejuvenated. So prevention is the main stay of treating this disease. Usually eye drops will be prescribed, which should be used strictly as per advise. Sometimes a surgery is advised. Diabetic Retinopathy: is a progressive damage to the fine vessels and to the nourishment of the retina. It can occur in either type 2 or type 1 diabetes. Till end stages of the illness, there may not be any symptoms, and vision will remain good! There are two major types, Macular where fluid accumulates in the central retina, and Proliferative, where retinal ischemia sets in causing vaso proliferation, which cause bleeding inside teh eye. If not treated in early stages, both of them can lead to blindness. Retinal LASERS, Anti VEGF injections and vitreo retinal surgery are the common approaches, depending on the seriousness. There has been tremendous improvement in the surgical techniques in advanced cases. If you have of diabetes or even borderline diabetic tendencies, it is advisable to periodically check your blood sugar levels, Hemoglobin, Creatinine, Blood pressure & Lipid levels and also get your eyes checked at regular intervals. It is recommended that you need a pupil dilated vitreo retinal assessment as soon as you are diagnosed to have diabetes, and follow up once an year. If you already has Diabetics retinopathy, you may be asked to review once in 3 to 6 months.
1 person found this helpful

Vision, Hearing and Speech Overview

Dr. Ramakanth Reddy 86% (91 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Vision, Hearing and Speech Overview
Vision, hearing, and speech are an important part of your child's life. When an infant is born, his or her eyesight is immature. The infant later develops the ability to focus. Hearing appears early in fetal development and is necessary for proper progression of speech and language. Monitoring your child's ability to see, hear, and speak is an important part of the health of your growing child. The American Academy of Ophthalmology, the American Optometric Association, and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) have recommended the following vision screening stages: Newborn. All newborns are examined in the nursery for eye infections and other eye disorders, such as glaucoma. 6 months. Visual screening of infants should be performed during the well-baby visits, particularly checking for how the eyes work together. 3 to 4 years. Formal visual acuity tests and the complete eye exam should be performed. 5 years and older. Annual visual screening tests and eye exams should be performed. Children develop speech, language, and hearing skills at different ages. However, hearing loss can lead to delays in your child's ability to make sounds, learn to speak, and communicate. The AAP recommends hearing screening for all newborns before they leave the hospital. Talk with your child's healthcare provider if you're concerned about your child's hearing or speech, or if you notice any of the following: No response to sound at any age Infant doesn't move or jump when a loud sound is made No babbling by the time the infant is 9 months old No words spoken by age 18 to 24 months Doesn't follow simple commands by age 2 Poor voice quality at any age
1 person found this helpful

Benefits Of Honey!

Vedic Gram 84% (301 ratings)
Vedicgram Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Noida
Benefits Of Honey!
Traditionally, the use of honey stretches back to time immemorial. It is still considered one of the most precious gifts of nature to mankind. Modern research also suggests that honey has unique medicinal and nutritional properties. Honey should be incorporated in your daily diet as it is one food which is naturally beneficial for your overall health and does have any side effects. Following are the traditional uses of honey, according to ayurveda: 1. Prevents anemia: Honey contains high amounts of iron, manganese and copper which are very essential for building hemoglobin. According to ancient texts, honey is a traditional cure as well as prevention for anemia as it helps in maintaining the optimum level of red blood corpuscles and hemoglobin. 2. Promotes eye health: Honey has been used to treat various eye diseases since ancient times. It is known to improve vision with daily application. It is an effective cure against diseases like conjunctivitis, trachoma or even something as minor as eye itching. It is also beneficial to treat glaucoma in the early stages. 3. Skin care: Ancient texts on ayurveda mention that external application of honey is effective in curing sores or other wounds. It works like an antiseptic and helps to soothe pain and hastens the healing process. It is also used to treat skin burns or carbuncles. 4. Cure for coughs: Honey is extremely useful in treating coughs. It works as a demulcent which aids in soothing the swollen mucous membrane present on the upper respiratory tract. It relieves you from irritating coughs and associated symptoms like frequent spurts of cough while talking and difficulty in swallowing. It is a chief ingredient in ayurvedic cough syrups for the same reason. You can also try honey gargles to relieve pain from throat inflammation.
7472 people found this helpful

Diabulimia - Should You Be Worried About It?

Dr. Harsh 91% (10 ratings)
Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
Diabulimia - Should You Be Worried About It?
Diabulimia is an eating disorder often associated with Type-1 Diabetes. Also referred to as ED-DMT1, not many people are aware of this non-clinical term. It is a well known fact that many people with Type-1 diabetes require the daily administration of insulin. In the case of Diabulimia, a person having Type-1 diabetes purposely manipulates with the insulin dosage in an endeavour to lose weight. In some extreme cases, a person may completely avoid the use of insulin. You need no rocket science to understand the impact diabulimia will have on a diabetic patient (Type-1) who is entirely dependent on insulin. Some of the lethal consequences of diabulimia include Yeast infections: Manipulating with the appropriate dosage of insulin can trigger an abnormal rise in the blood glucose level (Hyperglycemia), some of which gets eliminated out through the urine, thereby enabling a person to lose weight. However, the high glucose level is just the ideal and favorable condition for yeast growth. The hyperglycemic condition will result in increased yeast infections. The infection can be very uncomfortable and annoying. In fact, there will be repeated yeast infections until the blood glucose level comes down to the normal range. Ketoacidosis: As already mentioned, diabulimia devoids the body of insulin. As a result, glucose is unable to enter the body cells (glucose is an important fuel for the muscles and the other cells and tissues of the body). In its absence, the body starts looking for alternate sources. Gradually the body starts breaking down fats to get the desired energy. Increased breakdown of fats results in accumulation of ketone bodies in the bloodstream, a condition medically termed as Ketoacidosis or Diabetic Ketoacidosis. The condition if left untreated can be harmful triggering Cerebral Edema (a condition characterized by a swelling of the brain), Hypokalemia (low potassium level) or even Hypoglycemia. Diabetic retinopathy: Hyperglycemia can spell doom for your eyes. The accumulation and buildup of high levels of glucose in the eyes often damage the retinal blood vessels, a condition known as Diabetic Retinopathy. There may not be any early signs associated with the condition. However, diabetic retinopathy can give rise to many serious complications such as Glaucoma (characterized by severe damage to the optic nerve), Vitreous Hemorrhage (the blood leaks into the areas adjacent to the vitreous humor of the eye), or even Blindness. There may also be a Retinal Detachment. Renal failure: One of the common and harmful consequences of diabulimia is the kidney failure. Increased concentration of glucose in the kidneys often damages the filtration units of the kidneys called the Glomeruli (increased glucose blocks the capillaries of the kidney) leading to kidney damage and failure.
2028 people found this helpful

Glaucoma: What You Need to Know?

Dr. Rajeev Gupta 88% (25 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Ghaziabad
Glaucoma: What You Need to Know?
Glaucoma is a group of diseases that causes damage to your eye's optic nerve and gets worse over time. The optic nerve is a bundle of millions of nerve fibres which carry visual impulse from the retina at the back of eye to the brain. The increased Eye pressure, called intraocular pressure, can damage the optic nerve and fasten the natural nerve fibre loss. Since nerve cells can't regenerate this damage is permanent and irreversible. Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total permanent blindness within a few years. Because most people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain from this increased pressure, it is important to see your eye doctor regularly so that glaucoma can be diagnosed early and treated before significant functional visual loss occurs. If you are over age 40 and have a family history of glaucoma, you should have a complete eye exam with an eye doctor every one to two years. If you have any risk factors, you may need to visit your eye doctor more frequently. What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma? For most people, there are usually few or no symptoms of glaucoma. The first sign of glaucoma is often the loss of peripheral or side vision, which can go unnoticed until late in the disease. This is why glaucoma is often called the "Sneak Thief of Vision" or "Silent Thief of Eye Sight". If you have any of the following symptoms, seek immediate medical care: Seeing halos around lights Vision loss Redness in the eye Eye that looks hazy (particularly in infants) Nausea or vomiting Pain in the eye Narrowing of vision (tunnel vision) Risk Factors- There are several risk factors, which may lead to glaucoma, such as Age of the individual Ethnicity- African, Caribbean, Hispanics and Asians are at higher risk Increased eye pressure or IOP History of glaucoma in family or relatives Presence of Myopia or Hyperopia Previous eye injuries Use of steroids- as injections, tablets, eye or ear drops or ointments or protein supplements for muscle building in gyms or inhalers Previous history of anemia Individuals conditions affecting blood flow like hypertension, diabetes or high blood sugar, migraine etc are also at risk. Treatment- The treatment for glaucoma relies on the nature and seriousness of every case. Generally, glaucoma cannot be totally cured, but it can be controlled. Eye drops, pills, laser strategies, and means of surgery are utilized to maintain and prevent further harm from happening. Talk to your eye doctor to find out if you are at risk of developing glaucoma.
4473 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

What is the symptoms of glaucoma and Kala Pani? Does operation compulsory for glaucoma?

Dr. Sandeep Jain 88% (45 ratings)
MBBS, DNB Ophthalmology, FMRF
Ophthalmologist, Bhopal
Glaucoma presentation may differ in different patient, it's depends upon type, severity,previous treatment and duration of glaucoma. Patient may b asymptomatic in early cases of glaucoma or may present with pain, advance visual loss/decreased in field in advance glaucoma cases. Treatment/management differ according to type/stage/severity of glaucoma. Operation may b needed if glaucoma is not responding to conservative measures. So visit an ophthalmologist for proper evaluation and needful intervention. Hope you find it useful.

My left is 90% Blurred I got checked n found that I am suffering from glaucoma what should I do to get back my vision.

Dr. Subodh Bhalke 91% (1138 ratings)
BHMS ,PGDPC , MS (psych.)
Homeopath, Nashik
Take Homeopathic medicine for best vision 1) Euphrasia 1M. 8 pills at morning 2) Sulphur 1M. 8 pills at night for 1 months after 1 month contact me on Lybrate.

What are the initial symptoms of glaucoma. Is it hereditary. What are the precautions to be taken.

Dr. Himani Negi 92% (18407 ratings)
Homeopath, Chennai
Symptoms of closed angle glaucoma are Eye pain, usually severe. Blurred vision. Eye pain is often accompanied by nausea and sometimes vomiting. Lights appear to have extra halo-like glows around them. Red eyes. Sudden, unexpected vision problems, especially when lighting is poor. Too much aqueous production or obstruction of its outflow from the eye causes a rise in intraocular pressure (IOP) that can lead to glaucoma. In most types of glaucoma, elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is associated with damage to the optic nerve in the back of the eye.
1 person found this helpful

I AM GLACUMA SUSPECT, Doctors usually ask me to conduct test like perimetry, etc. Please Guide for appropriate action.

Dr. Jatin Soni 93% (29682 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
You will have to measure your eye pressure regularly and than put drops accordingly and perimetry is done to take judgments for your eye vision

Which food is good for eyes as my sister is having glaucoma please suggest food that give you vitamin without eyes drops n medicine.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 96% (18734 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, to nourish eyes with glaucoma She should take food stuff high in vit'A' 'B'complex ,C & E with minirals including magnesium, calcium, Zinc & antioxidants. Tk, sprouts, apples, carrots, Mangoes, eggs, Orange, fish, flex -seed & yogurt. Tk, care.

Health Quizzes

Glaucoma- Quick facts

Dr. Rajeev Gupta 88% (25 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Ghaziabad
Glaucoma doesn t give way to any signs and symptoms until very late. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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