Glaucoma is a medical condition which damages the optic nerve of the eye and can get worse overtime. It occurs due to the buildup of pressure in your eyes. Glaucoma is usually inherited and passed down the genes if your family member has it. Glaucoma usually destroys the nerve which aids in transmitting images to your brain. It can result to irreversible vision loss within a few years if not treated properly. If you have diabetes, you are more prone in developing glaucoma.
Glaucoma is an intricate eye condition in which the optic nerve damage may occur and it will lead to loss of vision if untreated. The two common forms of glaucoma are primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and acute angle-closure glaucoma (ACG). In POAG, you may not experience any symptoms until vision loss. The early symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma are blurred vision, severe eye pain with nausea and vomiting, sudden sight loss, the appearance of halos.
In angle-closed glaucoma which is otherwise called narrow-angle glaucoma, the patients may see an increased eye pressure that will lead to optic nerve damage. The eye pressure may occur gradually or suddenly. The symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma are much noticeable and the damage may occur quickly. Vision loss because of glaucoma isn't reversible with treatment and even with a medical procedure called therapy. So, immediate medical attention and regular examination are required to prevent vision loss.
Glaucoma occurs when the liquid in the eye doesn’t circulate how it should, this in turn results in extremely high pressure in your eyes. The liquid which is called aqueous humor usually starts to flow out your eyes through a channel. If this channel is blocked, the fluid starts building up resulting in Glaucoma. Factor such as inflammatory conditions, blocked blood vessels in the eye, acute eye infection, chemical injury and a blunt can cause Glaucoma. It is rare but possible in some cases. An eye surgery performed to treat another condition can also trigger Glaucoma. It can affect both the eyes.
Glaucoma is usually developed at an age of 60 years or above. This is the general trend of occurrence of the disease. However, in the case of African Americans, the age groups most commonly affected by this condition include people with or more than 40 years of age. The Risk of developing glaucoma increases slightly with age.
Summary: The age groups most commonly affected by Glaucoma mainly include people after the age of 60 years, unlike African Americans who get this disease after 40. With increasing age, the risks of developing Glaucoma also increase.
Risk factors for Glaucoma:
At first, the specialist will dilate your pupils with eye drops. He will then check the optic nerve. A test called tonometry can be performed to keep a check on your eye pressure. A visual field test is also done to figure if your peripheral and side vision has been affected or not. Diagnoses for Glaucoma takes very less time and is also quite painless.
The glaucoma medications are intended to control as well as lower the intraocular pressure (IOP) which can harm the optic nerves that send visual data to the cerebrum. The patient is advised with glaucoma eye drops initially and it is very effective in controlling IOP. Sometimes, the ophthalmologist may put on combination glaucoma drops i.e. more than one drug to achieve the best IOP control.
Some types of glaucoma drops are Prostaglandins, beta-blockers, Alpha-adrenergic agonists, Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, Parasympathomimetics, Epinephrine, and Hyperosmotic agents. There are a couple of ophthalmic drug stores that delivered mix eye drops that contain two distinctive anti-glaucoma prescriptions in a similar container. Depends on the eye condition and the type of glaucoma, the drug/s is advised. It is advisable to put the drops in the eyes as prescribed by the doctor.
Each and every individual suffering from Glaucoma is eligible for treatment as this eye disease cannot be resolved spontaneously. The damage done to the eye during the condition cannot be reversed and to prevent the further damaging or worsening of the symptoms, treatment is needed.
The treatment is lifelong and lowers the progression of the disease.
Summary: Every individual suffering from Glaucoma is eligible for treatment as treatment is the only option to prevent the progression of the disease towards permanent blindness.
Glaucoma is associated with progressive symptoms that eventually lead to loss of vision. These symptoms cannot resolve on their own and need to be controlled and managed with proper diagnosis and treatment. Hence, any individual suffering from this health condition is eligible for treatment.
Summary: The damage already done to the eyes is irreversible in the case of Glaucoma and it is progressive in nature. Thus, it is imperative for every individual to undergo treatment regardless of any other facts.
The treatment continues throughout the life of a Glaucoma patient since the disease does not have a cure. Thus, it is important to follow certain preventive measures so as to slow the progression and prevent any further complications.
Important post-treatment guidelines mainly include:
Summary: Treatment continues throughout the life of a Glaucoma patient and so are the post-treatment guidelines. These should be followed strictly so as to prevent any complications.
The treatment of Glaucoma mainly involves medications that can effectively reduce the pressure inside the eyes so as to minimize risks of damaging the optic nerve. Eye drops including prostaglandins analogs, beta-blockers, etc.
and oral pills such as acetazolamide are some of the important medicines preferred in such conditions. Side effects associated with their use may include:
Summary: The medicines which are mainly used for the treatment of Glaucoma include eye drops as well as oral pills. These are associated with certain kinds of side effects.
A regular eye examination can only prevent the eyes from glaucoma damage. Since there is no known way to prevent glaucoma, significant eye loss can be prevented at the early diagnosis. In primary open-angle glaucoma, it affects the side vision first and it progresses to the central vision.
Glaucoma medicines decrease the progression of glaucoma by reducing the increased IOP. The headstand and shoulder stand positions should be avoided if you are doing yoga which will simultaneously increase the IOP. Eye injuries may lead to secondary or traumatic glaucoma. So, protecting eyes from further injuries always helps to prevent glaucoma.
Glaucoma is a disease of the eye accompanied by an increase in the pressure inside the eyes. The condition cannot be resolved on its own. It is a lifelong eye abnormality and requires treatment throughout life.
It damages the optic nerve, causing impaired vision. Such damage cannot be reversed, but an early diagnosis of it may slow or prevent vision loss.
Summary: Glaucoma or eye disease is a lifelong condition that keeps on affecting the vision adversely. It requires an early diagnosis, followed by an appropriate treatment throughout life to prevent the worsening of the symptoms.
There are mainly two types of glaucoma including Open-angle type and Acute angle-closure type. The former involves symptoms like patches of blind spots in peripheral or central vision, tunnel vision, etc. It does require treatment but not on an urgent basis.
The latter include more serious symptoms such as headache, blurred vision, severe eye pain, nausea, vomiting, redness in the eyes, etc. These present an emergency condition and need urgent medical care and attention.
Summary: Urgent medical care and attention is required in Acute-angle closure type of glaucoma as it is associated with more serious symptoms like severe headache and eye pain, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, etc.
Glaucoma is a progressive eye disease involving optic nerve damage. The time period is taken for the progression to blindness mainly depends upon the intraocular pressure or the pressure build-up inside the eyes.
If the intraocular pressure ranges from 21 - 25 mm Hg, 25 - 30 mm Hg and more than 30 mm Hg, the time taken to progress towards blindness is around 15 years, 7 years, and 3 years respectively. Based on an average calculation, it can be estimated that untreated cases of Glaucoma take 10 - 15 years to go blind from the initial damage.
Summary: The average time taken for people suffering from Glaucoma to go blind from the initial damage is considered to be around 10 to 15 years depending upon the range of intraocular pressure.
Glaucoma is incurable, but treatment is possible. Surgery is the most commonly preferred way for Glaucoma treatment. The results are not permanent but long-lasting after surgeries.
The time taken to recover from Glaucoma mainly depends on the health status of the individual and type of the surgery performed. On average, a time period of one month is needed for complete recovery.
In some cases, recovery does take place in 3 weeks' time while certain cases witness a slow recovery period of up to 6 weeks.
Summary: Recovery from glaucoma mainly depends upon the type of treatment and the response of the body towards it. On average, it takes a time period of around one month to recover from such conditions.
The price of Glaucoma treatment in India is considered to be INR 35000 on average. This is the cumulative sum of the expenses related to the treatment. It mainly involves out-patient department consultation fees, cost of the diagnostic tests, surgery-related expenses, and post-operative care.
Summary: The price of Glaucoma treatment in India is the total sum of the expenses related to OPD consultation fees, diagnosis, surgery, and post-operative care.
Physical exercises are beneficial in the case of Glaucoma as they lower the rate of progression of the disease. They improve blood circulation to the eyes as well as the brain and prove to be effective in reducing intraocular pressure. Some preferred forms of exercises include the following:
Summary: Physical activities or exercises are helpful for people suffering from Glaucoma as they improve blood circulation to the eyes and brain and also lower intraocular pressure.
The treatment of Glaucoma mainly involves the application of medicines. These medicines work on the basis of either lowering the intraocular pressure or increasing the drainage of the fluid responsible for building the pressure inside the eyes.
Important medicines include:
Summary: Medicines preferred in the treatment of Glaucoma mainly include eye drops and oral pills. They either lower the pressure build-up inside the eyes or enhance the drainage of the eye fluid.
Glaucoma is incurable. The treatment is mainly done with the help of medicines and surgeries. The results of the treatment are not permanent but may be long-lasting, depending upon the personal health status of the individual or the body's response towards the particular treatment.
Hence, the people suffering from Glaucoma need treatment throughout their life.
Summary: The results of the treatment in the case of Glaucoma are not permanent as it is a lifelong disease and cannot be cured. Only the control and management of the disease are possible.
Alternative methods for the treatment of Glaucoma are gaining popularity day by day. These mainly include therapies as well as herbal medicines.
Some of the methods which serve as alternatives to the Glaucoma treatment mainly include:
Summary: Although alternative methods of treatment are non-standard and conventional, they are gaining popularity among patients with Glaucoma. They help in recovering from the symptoms one way or another.