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Overview

Glaucoma - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Glaucoma is a medical condition which damages the optic nerve of the eye and can get worse overtime. It occurs due to the buildup of pressure in your eyes. Glaucoma is usually inherited and passed down the genes if your family member has it. Glaucoma usually destroys the nerve which aids in transmitting images to your brain. It can result to irreversible vision loss within a few years if not treated properly. If you have diabetes, you are more prone in developing glaucoma.

Causes of glaucoma:

Glaucoma occurs when the liquid in the eye doesn’t circulate how it should, this in turn results in extremely high pressure in your eyes. The liquid which is called aqueous humor usually starts to flow out your eyes through a channel. If this channel is blocked, the fluid starts building up resulting in Glaucoma. Factor such as inflammatory conditions, blocked blood vessels in the eye, acute eye infection, chemical injury and a blunt can cause Glaucoma. It is rare but possible in some cases. An eye surgery performed to treat another condition can also trigger Glaucoma. It can affect both the eyes.

Types of Glaucoma:

  • Open angle Glaucoma- This is a very common type of Glaucoma. It is also known as wide-angle glaucoma. In this condition, the trabecular meshwork seems normal but the fluid fails to flow the way it should.
  • Angle-closure Glaucoma- It is also called narrow-angle Glaucoma and acute angle closure. In this condition, the eye doesn’t seem to drain properly because the area between the cornea and the iris is extremely narrow. This can cause an immediate buildup of eye pressure. It is linked to cataracts and farsightedness (clouding of the eye lens)
  • Risk factors for Glaucoma:

    • If you have Scandinavian, Inuit, Hispanic, Japanese, Russian, Irish or African-American ancestry.
    • If you are over 40 years old.
    • If your family members have Glaucoma
    • Having diabetes.
    • If you take steroid medications such as prednisone.
    • If you have had trauma to one or both the eyes.

    How is Glaucoma diagnosed?

    At first, the specialist will dilate your pupils with eye drops. He will then check the optic nerve. A test called tonometry can be performed to keep a check on your eye pressure. A visual field test is also done to figure if your peripheral and side vision has been affected or not. Diagnoses for Glaucoma takes very less time and is also quite painless.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Blind and patchy spots on your central and side vision Tunnel vision Severe headache Eye pain Vomiting and nausea Eye redness Blurred vision

Popular Health Tips

Glaucoma & Retinal Surgery - Things You Must Know!

Dr. Amit Solanki 88% (18 ratings)
FAECS, DNB Ophtalmology, DO Ophthalmology, Fellowship In Phacoemulsification & Refractive Surgery
Ophthalmologist, Indore
Glaucoma & Retinal Surgery - Things You Must Know!
Caring for your eyes is important for great vision, but at times certain ailments, such as glaucoma and retinal detachment can be a cause for concern. Glaucoma is a condition, which causes the degeneration of the optic nerve of the eye. Retinal detachment, on the other hand, is an eye disorder which leads to peeling of the retina from the underlying tissue. All about glaucoma There are quite a few options when it comes to the surgery of glaucoma, though a doctor s advice would be needed to choose the right one. Each type of surgery caters to a certain situation. One of them is known as trabeculectomy. While the term may seem a bit complex, it basically refers to a surgery in which there is a pathway made for the outflow of the water-like substance in the eye. It is good to know that this is a non-laser surgery, so all the complexity which comes with a laser surgery is avoided. There is another glaucoma surgery called a trabeculotomy, which is basically the same but there is no tissue which is removed, unlike a trabeculectomy. The names can be confusing, can t they? While all these surgeries are good, why exactly are they needed? Well, the aim is to reduce the pressure in the eye, called intraocular pressure (IOP). Doing this helps prevent further damage. In short, all glaucoma surgeries endeavour to reduce the amount of fluid produced by the eye or to drain it. All about retina surgery The retina can be thought of as the screen at the back of the eye onto which everything projects. When it comes to why a retina gets detached, it can happen due to a variety of reasons. Some of the most common are injuries as a result of accidents and eye infections. Eye diseases like glaucoma and the like can also cause it. However, the good news is that there is corrective surgery for this, which is proven to work. The surgery for the retina includes sealing up any tears as well as positioning it correctly again. In many cases, an air bubble helps get the retina back in place. If there are tears in the retina, laser helps repair them. These surgeries include pneumatic retinopexy and sclera buckle surgery. The primary objective of such surgeries is to reattach the retina and to prevent vision loss. Considering how serious a matter it is, it is only to be expected that recovery from retinal detachment surgery is a gradual process. Precautions which need to be taken include not visiting high altitude places or flying unless the doctor has given an ok as this could lead to an increase in the eye s pressure.
2472 people found this helpful

Diabetes - Why It Is The Worst Disease For Your Eyes?

Dr. Ravindra M.S. 86% (251 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Ophthalmology, Fellowship in Vitreo Retina, Fellowship in Cornea
Ophthalmologist, Bangalore
Diabetes - Why It Is The Worst Disease For Your Eyes?
If you are diabetic then it is important that you visit your Ophthalmologist for regular retinal check-ups. Even if you have no eyesight problem at all Diabetes is known to be one of the main causes of blindness in this modern time. If you suffer from bouts of blurred vision then it can be as simple as fluctuating blood sugar levels in the body. Hence, don't make new glasses if your blood glucose is high or fluctuating. Wait until about 3 to 4 weeks after it reaches stable levels. How diabetes affects your eyes? The lens of your eyes can swell due to diabetes, and this blurs your vision. What are the serious problems that are caused by diabetes? Cataract: Cataract occurs when the lens of the eye becomes foggy. Although cataract mostly occurs in people who are above fifty, one can get this at an earlier age in diabetics. It progresses at a much faster rate than usual in diabetics. Cataracts also make retinal assessment more difficult for your Retinal surgeon. Once the diabetes is under control, diabetics can comfortably undergo modern cataract surgery. Healing will be as good as in normals, and visual recovery will be excellent if there is no Retinopathy. The modern topical Phaco surgery and IOL implantation can be performed with a hospital daycare stay of only a few hours, and almost all the activities can be resumed on the very next day. There is no need to stop blood thinners. Glaucoma: This is another disease that can silently cause blindness in diabetes. Due to the nondraining of fluids from the eye, the intraocular pressure goes up, and this causes damage to the delicate Optic nerve of the eye. The vision remains spuriously good till the end stages. Hence annual eye pressure check-up is mandatory for Glaucoma. Glaucoma tends to run in families. If Glaucoma is diagnosed or suspected, OCT of optic nerves and Ganglion cell layer and Visual fields are periodically performed to assess the possible worsening. Once damaged, the ganglion cells and the optic nerve cannot be rejuvenated. So prevention is the mainstay of treating this disease. Usually, eye drops will be prescribed, which should be used strictly as per advice. Sometimes a surgery is advised. Diabetic Retinopathy: It is a progressive damage to the fine vessels and to the nourishment of the retina. It can occur in either type 2 or type 1 diabetes. Till end stages of the illness, there may not be any symptoms, and vision will remain good! There are two major types, Macular where fluid accumulates in the central retina, and Proliferative, where retinal ischemia sets in causing vaso proliferation, which cause bleeding inside the eye. If not treated in early stages, both of them can lead to blindness. Retinal LASERS, Anti VEGF injections and vitreoretinal surgery are the common approaches, depending on the seriousness. There has been a tremendous improvement in the surgical techniques in advanced cases. If you have of diabetes or even borderline diabetic tendencies, it is advisable to periodically check your blood sugar levels, Hemoglobin, Creatinine, Blood pressure & Lipid levels and also get your eyes checked at regular intervals. It is recommended that you need a pupil dilated vitreo retinal assessment as soon as you are diagnosed to have diabetes, and follow up once a year. If you already are suffering from Diabetics retinopathy, you may be asked to review once in 3 to 6 months.
3723 people found this helpful

Diabetes - Why It Is The Worst Disease For Your Eyes?

Dr. Ravindra M.S. 86% (251 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Ophthalmology, Fellowship in Vitreo Retina, Fellowship in Cornea
Ophthalmologist, Bangalore
Diabetes - Why It Is The Worst Disease For Your Eyes?
If you are diabetic then it is important that you visit your Ophthalmologist for regular Retinal check-ups. Even if you no eye sight problem at all Diabetes is known to be one of main causes for blindness in this modern times. If you suffer from bouts of blurred vision then it can be as simple as fluctuating blood sugar levels in the body. Hence, don't make new glasses if your blood glucose is high or fluctuating. Wait till about 3 to 4 weeks after it reaches stable levels. How diabetes affects your eyes? The lens of your eyes can swell in diabetes, and this blurs your vision. What are the serous problems that are caused by diabetes? Cataract: Cataract occurs when the lens of the eye become foggy. Although cataract mostly occurs in people who are above fifty, one can get this at an earlier age in diabetics. It progresses at a much faster rate than usual in diabetics. Cataracts also makes retinal assessment more difficult for your Retinal surgeon. Once the diabetes is under control, diabetics can comfortably undergo modern cataract surgery. Healing will be as good as in normals, and visual recovery will be excellent if there is no Retinopathy. The modern topical Phacosurgery and IOL implantation can be performed with a hospital daycare stay of only few hours, and almost all the activities can be resumed on the very next day. There is no need to stop blood thinners. Glaucoma: This is another disease that can silently cause blindness in diabetes. Due to the non draining of fluids from the eye, the intra ocular pressure goes up, and this causes damage to the delicate Optic nerve of the eye. The vision remains spuriously good till the end stages. Hence annual eye pressure check up is mandatory in Glaucoma. Glaucoma tends to run in families. If Glaucoma is diagnosed or suspected, OCT of optic nerves and Ganglion cell layer and Visual fields are periodically performed to assess the possible worsening. Once damaged, the ganglion cells and the optic nerve cannot be rejuvenated. So prevention is the main stay of treating this disease. Usually eye drops will be prescribed, which should be used strictly as per advise. Sometimes a surgery is advised. Diabetic Retinopathy: is a progressive damage to the fine vessels and to the nourishment of the retina. It can occur in either type 2 or type 1 diabetes. Till end stages of the illness, there may not be any symptoms, and vision will remain good! There are two major types, Macular where fluid accumulates in the central retina, and Proliferative, where retinal ischemia sets in causing vaso proliferation, which cause bleeding inside teh eye. If not treated in early stages, both of them can lead to blindness. Retinal LASERS, Anti VEGF injections and vitreo retinal surgery are the common approaches, depending on the seriousness. There has been tremendous improvement in the surgical techniques in advanced cases. If you have of diabetes or even borderline diabetic tendencies, it is advisable to periodically check your blood sugar levels, Hemoglobin, Creatinine, Blood pressure & Lipid levels and also get your eyes checked at regular intervals. It is recommended that you need a pupil dilated vitreo retinal assessment as soon as you are diagnosed to have diabetes, and follow up once an year. If you already has Diabetics retinopathy, you may be asked to review once in 3 to 6 months.
1 person found this helpful

Glaucoma (Kala Motia)

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Faridabad
Play video
Are You at the Risk For Glaucoma?
3 people found this helpful

Vision, Hearing and Speech Overview

Dr. Ramakanth Reddy 94% (101 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Vision, Hearing and Speech Overview
Vision, hearing, and speech are an important part of your child's life. When an infant is born, his or her eyesight is immature. The infant later develops the ability to focus. Hearing appears early in fetal development and is necessary for proper progression of speech and language. Monitoring your child's ability to see, hear, and speak is an important part of the health of your growing child. The American Academy of Ophthalmology, the American Optometric Association, and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) have recommended the following vision screening stages: Newborn. All newborns are examined in the nursery for eye infections and other eye disorders, such as glaucoma. 6 months. Visual screening of infants should be performed during the well-baby visits, particularly checking for how the eyes work together. 3 to 4 years. Formal visual acuity tests and the complete eye exam should be performed. 5 years and older. Annual visual screening tests and eye exams should be performed. Children develop speech, language, and hearing skills at different ages. However, hearing loss can lead to delays in your child's ability to make sounds, learn to speak, and communicate. The AAP recommends hearing screening for all newborns before they leave the hospital. Talk with your child's healthcare provider if you're concerned about your child's hearing or speech, or if you notice any of the following: No response to sound at any age Infant doesn't move or jump when a loud sound is made No babbling by the time the infant is 9 months old No words spoken by age 18 to 24 months Doesn't follow simple commands by age 2 Poor voice quality at any age
1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

What is glaucoma? After medical check up eye doc said she had doubt I have glaucoma disease. Can you please explain what should I do.

Dr. Swati P.Kulkarni 89% (41 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Glaucoma is a disease of the eye in which fluid pressure within the eye rises; if left untreated, the patient may lose vision and even become blind. Glaucoma is relatively common, especially in older adults and can cause damage to the optic nerve if left untreated. Actually you should take a second opinion. As uou are just 28 yrs. But in case doctor has definitely diagnosed your condition then you need to take treatment from an experienced ophthalmologist.

I have glaucoma From Back 16 years I have one 2 times operation .how to control the glaucoma.

Glaucoma fellowship, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Raipur
To control glaucoma you need medications or surgery to keep your intraocular pressure in lower teens. To sugest further management need details like what is the iop now, is any field test ie HFA done and what surgery was done.

What is the symptoms of glaucoma and Kala Pani? Does operation compulsory for glaucoma?

Dr. Sandeep Jain 88% (45 ratings)
MBBS, DNB Ophthalmology, FMRF
Ophthalmologist, Bhopal
Glaucoma presentation may differ in different patient, it's depends upon type, severity,previous treatment and duration of glaucoma. Patient may b asymptomatic in early cases of glaucoma or may present with pain, advance visual loss/decreased in field in advance glaucoma cases. Treatment/management differ according to type/stage/severity of glaucoma. Operation may b needed if glaucoma is not responding to conservative measures. So visit an ophthalmologist for proper evaluation and needful intervention. Hope you find it useful.

Health Quizzes

Glaucoma- Know The Facts!

Dr. Harshavardhan Ghorpade 85% (33 ratings)
MBBS, MS
Ophthalmologist, Navi Mumbai
Glaucoma doesn t give way to any signs and symptoms until very late. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz
104 people took this quiz

Glaucoma- Quick facts

Dr. Rajeev Gupta 84% (25 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Ghaziabad
Glaucoma doesn t give way to any signs and symptoms until very late. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz
321 people took this quiz

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