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Glaucoma - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Glaucoma is a medical condition which damages the optic nerve of the eye and can get worse overtime. It occurs due to the buildup of pressure in your eyes. Glaucoma is usually inherited and passed down the genes if your family member has it. Glaucoma usually destroys the nerve which aids in transmitting images to your brain. It can result to irreversible vision loss within a few years if not treated properly. If you have diabetes, you are more prone in developing glaucoma.

Causes of glaucoma:

Glaucoma occurs when the liquid in the eye doesn’t circulate how it should, this in turn results in extremely high pressure in your eyes. The liquid which is called aqueous humor usually starts to flow out your eyes through a channel. If this channel is blocked, the fluid starts building up resulting in Glaucoma. Factor such as inflammatory conditions, blocked blood vessels in the eye, acute eye infection, chemical injury and a blunt can cause Glaucoma. It is rare but possible in some cases. An eye surgery performed to treat another condition can also trigger Glaucoma. It can affect both the eyes.

Types of Glaucoma:

  • Open angle Glaucoma- This is a very common type of Glaucoma. It is also known as wide-angle glaucoma. In this condition, the trabecular meshwork seems normal but the fluid fails to flow the way it should.
  • Angle-closure Glaucoma- It is also called narrow-angle Glaucoma and acute angle closure. In this condition, the eye doesn’t seem to drain properly because the area between the cornea and the iris is extremely narrow. This can cause an immediate buildup of eye pressure. It is linked to cataracts and farsightedness (clouding of the eye lens)
  • Risk factors for Glaucoma:

    • If you have Scandinavian, Inuit, Hispanic, Japanese, Russian, Irish or African-American ancestry.
    • If you are over 40 years old.
    • If your family members have Glaucoma
    • Having diabetes.
    • If you take steroid medications such as prednisone.
    • If you have had trauma to one or both the eyes.

    How is Glaucoma diagnosed?

    At first, the specialist will dilate your pupils with eye drops. He will then check the optic nerve. A test called tonometry can be performed to keep a check on your eye pressure. A visual field test is also done to figure if your peripheral and side vision has been affected or not. Diagnoses for Glaucoma takes very less time and is also quite painless.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Blind and patchy spots on your central and side vision Tunnel vision Severe headache Eye pain Vomiting and nausea Eye redness Blurred vision

Popular Health Tips

Know Your Eye Doctor!

Dr. Pradeep M Sheth 88% (267 ratings)
M.S. Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Vadodara
Know Your Eye Doctor!
It is very essential in the present times to understand the training, ability and skills of the doctors whom you select for your needs. An EYE DOCTOR is called OPHTHALMOLOGIST. He/She can possess following qualifications M.S (Ophth) : This is called Master Of Surgery in Ophthalmology. It takes THREE years of training in a Medical Council recognized Medical College after passing M.B;B.S and includes undertaking and submission of a thesis or research Paper during the training. It can be done by obtaining seat based on Merit, Based on reservation or Based on Donation D.O (Ophth) : This is called Diploma in Ophthalmology. It is similar to M.S. except that training period is TWO years and does NOT include doing research paper DNB (Ophth): This is called Diplomat of National Board in ophthalmology. The training is done after M.B;B.S in some private institutes or hospitals recognized by National board of examinations and not in MCI recognized Medical college LONG TERM FELLOWSHIPS: As the knowledge base is increasing, there is further training undertaken for super specializing in some specific field of eye surgery through a process called FELLOWSHIP. This includes training for about two years after M.S., D.O or D.N.B in some Institues of repute like Shankar Nethralaya Chennai, Aravind Eye Care Systems ( Madurai/ Coimbatore), L.V.Prasad Eye Institute ( Hyderabad) to name a few. The training involves doing actual work in specialized techniques under supervision and guidance of experts in respective fields like Retina, Cornea, Glaucoma, Oculoplasty, Phaco and Refractive Surgery, Paediatric Ophthalmology, Neurophthalmology etc. SHORT TERM FELLOWSHIPS: They are similar to long term fellowships but training period is very short , like 2-3 months . The training helps a general ophthalmologist to acquire some skills in a speciality but not sufficient to be able to be a super specialist. However, some doctors with such training may claim to be superspecialists! ACEDEMIC FELLOWSHIPS: Such fellowships test the knowledge of Doctor through two or three steps of examinations/ Viva. There is no practical training given Examples are, FRCS: Fellow of Royal College of Surgeons FICO: Fellow of International Council of Ophthalmologists FAICO: Fellow of All India Collegium of Ophthalmologists Some senior Ophthalmologists who were trained in multiple eye diseases and worked for a long time in handling them may be as good as superspecialists in some areas. Besides Ophthalmologists, some trained personnel can undertake some eye care tasks like OPTOMETRISTS: They can assess and prescribe Spectacle power(numbers), prescribe and dispense contact lenses, run some eye tests on machines. OPTICIANS: They can make/ sell glasses or contact lenses as prescribed by Ophthalmologists/ optometrists. They can not prescribe. Yet, many shops do so without Optometrists. OPHTHALMIC TECHNICIANS: They can operate machines like Perimetry, OCT, A scan ultrasonography, Topography etc. Hope that now the readers are better informed about their eye care providers.
2 people found this helpful

Annual Eye Exam - 3 Reasons Why It Is Important!

Dr. Neha Shukla 90% (53 ratings)
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Annual Eye Exam - 3 Reasons Why It Is Important!
Before you go through this, just close your eyes for a few seconds and ponder how your life would be if you are unable to see? Pathetic isn t it? Eyes are one of the greatest gifts from the almighty, and it is your sole responsibility to protect them and keep in optimal health so that you too can keep on enjoying the beauty of nature. Sometimes people are too lazy to go for an eye checkup when there is absolutely no vision problem and in other cases, people just don t feel it is important to go for an eye checkup once in a year. However, routine eye exams are crucial for every person regardless of the age, gender, origin or habits. It is not just for individuals with poor eyesight but for everyone with or without eye problems. Here are the top reasons why you must be paying a visit to an ophthalmologist. Getting the prescription updated: You may think that your eyes are fine and there is nothing reasonable in visiting an ophthalmologist. But it is a general human tendency to neglect things until it is so late that nothing can be recovered. And your eyesight and eye health is no child s play- it is vital in directing the quality of your life. The skilled ophthalmologist can monitor the condition of your eyes and follow up the changes that have taken place over time. Your eyes and their features are unique, and thus it becomes easier for the expert to detect what s been altered in them. Seeing to the best of your abilities: People with corrective lenses often experience the need for tracking the periodic changes that have already taken place. Your eyes alter their shape and condition with time. Thus, keeping your prescription updated offers a subtle yet crucial advantage that you may not have considered before. Some of them are even concerned with your safety such as your ability to see while you drive at night. Eye diseases can be secretive: Sometimes, vision issues can come in quickly but often eye disorders tend to creep up that most individuals are not able to see. The deterioration can be so subtle and slow that you are unable to detect anything until it has progressed to a great extent. Eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma typically have no symptoms, which can be detected at an early age. And it goes without saying that vision loss cannot be reversed. But in case you visit your ophthalmologist regularly from an early age, vision loss can be prevented or at least slowed down.
2743 people found this helpful

Glaucoma - What About It?

Dr. Pradeep M Sheth 88% (267 ratings)
M.S. Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Vadodara
Glaucoma - What About It?
Glaucoma is a blinding disease, estimated to be present in about 8% of population, in which the Optic Nerve is damaged, usually due to high pressure inside the eye( but can also happen with normal Eye Pressure). This damage can lead to loss of vision which cannot be reversed after it has occurred. However, early treatment can control this disease and prevent or delay blindness. In most people it is without any symptoms, esp. in Chronic type. So most patients are not diagnosed before extensive damage is done. Hence regular eye examination are important. Symptoms can be: (a) Frequent change in reading glasses (b) Difficulty in dark adaptation. (c) Bumping into things at unfamiliar places.(d) Blurred or foggy vision. (e) Coloured halos (rainbow coloured rings) around lights. (f) Acute type may present with severe eye pain, vomiting, & vision loss. Hence, Early diagnosis, proper treatment & proper monitoring are very essential to preserve vision till life span. All people over 45 yrs age & all first relatives of known glaucoma patients must get themselves checked for Eye Pressure and Glaucoma periodically. Early & appropriate diagnosis is done by judicious use of Applanation Tonometry: Gold standard to measure Eye Pressure Pachymetry: For corneal thickness influencing eye pressure check Early morning: Eye Pressure check to know pressure variations in a day Stereoscopic: Optic nerve examination & photography Automated Perimetry: To detect visual field defects Gonioscopy: To diagnose type of glaucoma- open angle or angle closure- which have different lines of treatment In present days, OCT(Ocular Coherence Tomography) is used to image the optic nerve but its use is supportive and still not considered a standard of care. Medical treatment with eye drops & regular follow-ups to ensure pressure control, compliance, address adverse effects , detect progression if any , can help to maintain the vision for a long time Those patients who are not regular in using drops or who do not follow up as advised or are not controlled by maximum tolerated medical treatment or have narrow angle type of glaucoma may be treated by Surgical/ LASER treatment as under, Trabeculectomy: Fluid bypass for open angle type Laser Peripheral Iridotomy: Fluid bypass for narrow angle type Laser Trabeculoplasty: A stop gap treatment in place of medicines Laser Cyclophotocoagulation: For blinded painful glaucoma eyes Glaucoma Valve: In glaucoma not responding to usual surgical treatment
2584 people found this helpful

7 Signs You Are Suffering From Glaucoma!

Dr. Sunita Lulla Gur 87% (69 ratings)
MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
7 Signs You Are Suffering From Glaucoma!
Glaucoma is a group of diseases that causes damage to your eye's optic nerve and gets worse over time. The optic nerve is a bundle of millions of nerve fibres which carry visual impulse from the retina at the back of eye to the brain. The increased Eye pressure, called intraocular pressure, can damage the optic nerve and fasten the natural nerve fibre loss. Since nerve cells can't regenerate this damage is permanent and irreversible. Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total permanent blindness within a few years. Because most people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain from this increased pressure, it is important to see your eye doctor regularly so that glaucoma can be diagnosed early and treated before significant functional visual loss occurs. If you are over age 40 and have a family history of glaucoma, you should have a complete eye exam with an eye doctor every one to two years. If you have any risk factors, you may need to visit your eye doctor more frequently. What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma? For most people, there are usually few or no symptoms of glaucoma. The first sign of glaucoma is often the loss of peripheral or side vision, which can go unnoticed until late in the disease. This is why glaucoma is often called the "Sneak Thief of Vision" or "Silent Thief of Eye Sight". If you have any of the following symptoms, seek immediate medical care: Seeing halos around lights Vision loss Redness in the eye Eye that looks hazy (particularly in infants) Nausea or vomiting Pain in the eye Narrowing of vision (tunnel vision) Risk Factors There are several risk factors, which may lead to glaucoma, such as Age of the individual Ethnicity- African, Caribbean, Hispanics and Asians are at higher risk Increased eye pressure or IOP History of glaucoma in family or relatives Presence of Myopia or Hyperopia Previous eye injuries Use of steroids- as injections, tablets, eye or ear drops or ointments or protein supplements for muscle building in gyms or inhalers Previous history of anemia Individuals conditions affecting blood flow like hypertension, diabetes or high blood sugar, migraine etc are also at risk. Treatment- The treatment for glaucoma relies on the nature and seriousness of every case. Generally, glaucoma cannot be totally cured, but it can be controlled. Eye drops, pills, laser strategies, and means of surgery are utilized to maintain and prevent further harm from happening. Talk to your eye doctor to find out if you are at risk of developing glaucoma.
4643 people found this helpful

Honey (Shahad) - 4 Reasons Why You Should Start Eating It Today!

Dr. Krishna Kumar 88% (141 ratings)
BAMS, PG Dip (Medical Education), (FAGE) Fellow of Academy of General Education, MBA (Healthcare)
Ayurveda, Bangalore
Honey (Shahad) - 4 Reasons Why You Should Start Eating It Today!
Traditionally, the use of honey stretches back to time immemorial. It is still considered one of the most precious gifts of nature to mankind. Modern research also suggests that honey has unique medicinal and nutritional properties. Honey should be incorporated in your daily diet as it is one food which is naturally beneficial for your overall health and does have any side effects. Following are the traditional uses of honey, according to ayurveda: 1. Prevents anemia: Honey contains high amounts of iron, manganese and copper which are very essential for building hemoglobin. According to ancient texts, honey is a traditional cure as well as prevention for anemia as it helps in maintaining the optimum level of red blood corpuscles and hemoglobin. 2. Promotes eye health: Honey has been used to treat various eye diseases since ancient times. It is known to improve vision with daily application. It is an effective cure against diseases like conjunctivitis, trachoma or even something as minor as eye itching. It is also beneficial to treat glaucoma in the early stages. 3. Skin care: Ancient texts on ayurveda mention that external application of honey is effective in curing sores or other wounds. It works like an antiseptic and helps to soothe pain and hastens the healing process. It is also used to treat skin burns or carbuncles. 4. Cure for coughs: Honey is extremely useful in treating coughs. It works as a demulcent which aids in soothing the swollen mucous membrane present on the upper respiratory tract. It relieves you from irritating coughs and associated symptoms like frequent spurts of cough while talking and difficulty in swallowing. It is a chief ingredient in ayurvedic cough syrups for the same reason. You can also try honey gargles to relieve pain from throat inflammation.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Eye Pain and Visibility Male, 36 Respected Doctors, 1. Im 36 years old male person. 2. I am a glaucoma patient and already had glaucoma and cataract surgery before an year. RIGHT EYE ONLY 3. After glaucoma and cataract combined surgery I am in more trouble. First vision is not so clear as earlier. And there is so much pain in my LEFT eye.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (3237 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
The only thing i can tell you is this can be treated in homoeopathy very effectively... but ideally it needs much detail to select an effective medicine so consultation is advisable... You may take honoeopathic medicine physostigma 30 tds for 3 days...
1 person found this helpful

Is it safe to give isabgol husk capsule to 11 year old child on glaucoma medications and chronically constipated resulting in external hemorrhoids?

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 93% (21294 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
isabgol husk capsule to 11 year old is not advisable and you may give lactulose syrup for constipation

My FAther Left eyes is suffering from glaucoma since 15 years. He lose his right eyes light before 8 years. Now doctors says after some days his lose this eyes light also. If we operate then 5% only chances of light. So advise.

Dr. Vaibhev Mittal 92% (3121 ratings)
Fellowship in Comprehensive Ophthalmology, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Sangrur
hello i think your father has severe damage of optic nerve in this case, i would recommend you to follow instructions of your doctor

Dear sir, my mother has been suffering from glycomet, she has bp also its anything is medicine for her its curable if yes pls give me the answer as soon as possible thanks.

Dr. Shefali Karkhanis 95% (382 ratings)
Dip.Diab, Fellowship Diabetology (Gold Medallist), MBBS
Diabetologist, Thane
Diabetes and blood pressure is not curable but controllable. Maintain good lifestyle to reduce tablets

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