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Overview

Glaucoma - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Glaucoma is a medical condition which damages the optic nerve of the eye and can get worse overtime. It occurs due to the buildup of pressure in your eyes. Glaucoma is usually inherited and passed down the genes if your family member has it. Glaucoma usually destroys the nerve which aids in transmitting images to your brain. It can result to irreversible vision loss within a few years if not treated properly. If you have diabetes, you are more prone in developing glaucoma.

Causes of glaucoma:

Glaucoma occurs when the liquid in the eye doesn’t circulate how it should, this in turn results in extremely high pressure in your eyes. The liquid which is called aqueous humor usually starts to flow out your eyes through a channel. If this channel is blocked, the fluid starts building up resulting in Glaucoma. Factor such as inflammatory conditions, blocked blood vessels in the eye, acute eye infection, chemical injury and a blunt can cause Glaucoma. It is rare but possible in some cases. An eye surgery performed to treat another condition can also trigger Glaucoma. It can affect both the eyes.

Types of Glaucoma:

  • Open angle Glaucoma- This is a very common type of Glaucoma. It is also known as wide-angle glaucoma. In this condition, the trabecular meshwork seems normal but the fluid fails to flow the way it should.
  • Angle-closure Glaucoma- It is also called narrow-angle Glaucoma and acute angle closure. In this condition, the eye doesn’t seem to drain properly because the area between the cornea and the iris is extremely narrow. This can cause an immediate buildup of eye pressure. It is linked to cataracts and farsightedness (clouding of the eye lens)
  • Risk factors for Glaucoma:

    • If you have Scandinavian, Inuit, Hispanic, Japanese, Russian, Irish or African-American ancestry.
    • If you are over 40 years old.
    • If your family members have Glaucoma
    • Having diabetes.
    • If you take steroid medications such as prednisone.
    • If you have had trauma to one or both the eyes.

    How is Glaucoma diagnosed?

    At first, the specialist will dilate your pupils with eye drops. He will then check the optic nerve. A test called tonometry can be performed to keep a check on your eye pressure. A visual field test is also done to figure if your peripheral and side vision has been affected or not. Diagnoses for Glaucoma takes very less time and is also quite painless.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Blind and patchy spots on your central and side vision Tunnel vision Severe headache Eye pain Vomiting and nausea Eye redness Blurred vision

Popular Health Tips

Glaucoma: What You Need to Know?

Dr. Rajeev Gupta 88% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Ghaziabad
Glaucoma: What You Need to Know?
Glaucoma is a group of diseases that causes damage to your eye's optic nerve and gets worse over time. The optic nerve is a bundle of millions of nerve fibres which carry visual impulse from the retina at the back of eye to the brain. The increased Eye pressure, called intraocular pressure, can damage the optic nerve and fasten the natural nerve fibre loss. Since nerve cells can't regenerate this damage is permanent and irreversible. Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total permanent blindness within a few years. Because most people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain from this increased pressure, it is important to see your eye doctor regularly so that glaucoma can be diagnosed early and treated before significant functional visual loss occurs. If you are over age 40 and have a family history of glaucoma, you should have a complete eye exam with an eye doctor every one to two years. If you have any risk factors, you may need to visit your eye doctor more frequently. What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma? For most people, there are usually few or no symptoms of glaucoma. The first sign of glaucoma is often the loss of peripheral or side vision, which can go unnoticed until late in the disease. This is why glaucoma is often called the "Sneak Thief of Vision" or "Silent Thief of Eye Sight". If you have any of the following symptoms, seek immediate medical care: Seeing halos around lights Vision loss Redness in the eye Eye that looks hazy (particularly in infants) Nausea or vomiting Pain in the eye Narrowing of vision (tunnel vision) Risk Factors- There are several risk factors, which may lead to glaucoma, such as Age of the individual Ethnicity- African, Caribbean, Hispanics and Asians are at higher risk Increased eye pressure or IOP History of glaucoma in family or relatives Presence of Myopia or Hyperopia Previous eye injuries Use of steroids- as injections, tablets, eye or ear drops or ointments or protein supplements for muscle building in gyms or inhalers Previous history of anemia Individuals conditions affecting blood flow like hypertension, diabetes or high blood sugar, migraine etc are also at risk. Treatment- The treatment for glaucoma relies on the nature and seriousness of every case. Generally, glaucoma cannot be totally cured, but it can be controlled. Eye drops, pills, laser strategies, and means of surgery are utilized to maintain and prevent further harm from happening. Talk to your eye doctor to find out if you are at risk of developing glaucoma.
4472 people found this helpful

Glaucoma - A Complete Guide on It!

Dr. Satish 85% (12 ratings)
MS - Ophthalmology, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Noida
Glaucoma - A Complete Guide on It!
Glaucoma is a serious eye condition in which the optic nerve gets damaged and the situation gets worse over time. If untreated, individuals may go permanently blind. Most individuals, with glaucoma, have no previous symptoms or warning signs of this disorder and this is the reason why it is important to have regular eye check-ups. Causes of glaucoma Eyes have a liquid called aqueous humor. This fluid flows out of the eyes through mesh like channels for proper lubrication of the eye. However, there can be situations in which these channels may get blocked. In such a case, there would be a build-up of this liquid, thereby causing an increase in fluid pressure. This is usually a major cause of glaucoma. Although there has been no elaborate evidence of what exactly causes this blockage, doctors have noticed that this can be inherited. Other less common causes include: Any sort of blunt injury or chemical injury to the eye Blocking of blood vessels inside the eye Other inflammatory conditions Improper eye surgery Types of glaucoma There are mainly two kinds of glaucoma than can occur: Open-angle glaucoma: This is the most common kind of glaucoma and is also called wide-angled glaucoma. In this kind, the tubular meshwork through which the liquid flow occurs is normal. However, the fluid flow isn t the way it should be. Angle-closure glaucoma: This is also known as acute glaucoma or chronic angle closure. In this case, the liquid is not able to drain properly because of the angle between the iris and the cornea being too narrow, thus causing the iris to be in the way. This can cause a sudden build-up of pressure, thereby leading to chronic glaucoma. Facts about glaucoma This disorder usually has no previous signs or symptoms and occurs all of a sudden. This disorder mainly affects individuals above 40 years of age. Glaucoma can be inherited. People with diabetes have chances of suffering from glaucoma. If not treated early, it may lead to permanent blindness. Symptoms of glaucoma Usually there aren t many symptoms to warn people about this disorder. However, one of the first signs is definitely losing peripheral or side vision. Other symptoms might include Chronic vision loss Visibility of halo around lights Narrowed vision Glaucoma is treated by any of the three methods: Prescription eye drops in order to reduce eye fluid formation, thereby resulting in outflow increase Laser surgery Microsurgery
2629 people found this helpful

Things You Must Know About Your Eye Doctor!

Dr. Pradeep M Sheth 91% (290 ratings)
M.S. Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Vadodara
Things You Must Know About Your Eye Doctor!
It is very essential in the present times to understand the training, ability and skills of the doctors whom you select for your needs. An Eye Doctor is called an Ophthalmologist. He/she can possess following qualifications M.S (Ophth) : This is called Master Of Surgery in Ophthalmology. It takes Three years of training in a Medical Council recognized Medical College after passing M.B;B.S and includes undertaking and submission of a thesis or research Paper during the training. It can be done by obtaining seat based on Merit, Based on reservation or Based on Donation D.O (Ophth) : This is called Diploma in Ophthalmology. It is similar to M.S. except that training period is TWO years and does NOT include doing research paper DNB (Ophth): This is called Diplomat of National Board in ophthalmology. The training is done after M.B;B.S in some private institutes or hospitals recognized by National board of examinations and not in MCI recognized Medical college Long Term Fellowships: As the knowledge base is increasing, there is further training undertaken for super specializing in some specific field of eye surgery through a process called FELLOWSHIP. This includes training for about two years after M.S., D.O or D.N.B in some Institues of repute like Shankar Nethralaya Chennai, Aravind Eye Care Systems ( Madurai/ Coimbatore), L.V.Prasad Eye Institute ( Hyderabad) to name a few. The training involves doing actual work in specialized techniques under supervision and guidance of experts in respective fields like Retina, Cornea, Glaucoma, Oculoplasty, Phaco and Refractive Surgery, Paediatric Ophthalmology, Neurophthalmology etc. Short Term Fellowships: They are similar to long term fellowships but training period is very short , like 2-3 months . The training helps a general ophthalmologist to acquire some skills in a speciality but not sufficient to be able to be a super specialist. However, some doctors with such training may claim to be superspecialists! ACEDEMIC FELLOWSHIPS: Such fellowships test the knowledge of Doctor through two or three steps of examinations/ Viva. There is no practical training given Examples are, FRCS: Fellow of Royal College of Surgeons FICO: Fellow of International Council of Ophthalmologists FAICO: Fellow of All India Collegium of Ophthalmologists Some senior Ophthalmologists who were trained in multiple eye diseases and worked for a long time in handling them may be as good as superspecialists in some areas. Besides Ophthalmologists, some trained personnel can undertake some eye care tasks like Optometrists: They can assess and prescribe Spectacle power(numbers), prescribe and dispense contact lenses, run some eye tests on machines. Opticians: They can make/ sell glasses or contact lenses as prescribed by Ophthalmologists/ optometrists. They can not prescribe. Yet, many shops do so without Optometrists. Ophthalmic Technicians: They can operate machines like Perimetry, OCT, A scan ultrasonography, Topography etc. Hope that now the readers are better informed about their eye care providers.
2458 people found this helpful

Know Your Eye Doctor!

Dr. Pradeep M Sheth 91% (290 ratings)
M.S. Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Vadodara
Know Your Eye Doctor!
It is very essential in the present times to understand the training, ability and skills of the doctors whom you select for your needs. An EYE DOCTOR is called OPHTHALMOLOGIST. He/She can possess following qualifications M.S (Ophth) : This is called Master Of Surgery in Ophthalmology. It takes THREE years of training in a Medical Council recognized Medical College after passing M.B;B.S and includes undertaking and submission of a thesis or research Paper during the training. It can be done by obtaining seat based on Merit, Based on reservation or Based on Donation D.O (Ophth) : This is called Diploma in Ophthalmology. It is similar to M.S. except that training period is TWO years and does NOT include doing research paper DNB (Ophth): This is called Diplomat of National Board in ophthalmology. The training is done after M.B;B.S in some private institutes or hospitals recognized by National board of examinations and not in MCI recognized Medical college LONG TERM FELLOWSHIPS: As the knowledge base is increasing, there is further training undertaken for super specializing in some specific field of eye surgery through a process called FELLOWSHIP. This includes training for about two years after M.S., D.O or D.N.B in some Institues of repute like Shankar Nethralaya Chennai, Aravind Eye Care Systems ( Madurai/ Coimbatore), L.V.Prasad Eye Institute ( Hyderabad) to name a few. The training involves doing actual work in specialized techniques under supervision and guidance of experts in respective fields like Retina, Cornea, Glaucoma, Oculoplasty, Phaco and Refractive Surgery, Paediatric Ophthalmology, Neurophthalmology etc. SHORT TERM FELLOWSHIPS: They are similar to long term fellowships but training period is very short , like 2-3 months . The training helps a general ophthalmologist to acquire some skills in a speciality but not sufficient to be able to be a super specialist. However, some doctors with such training may claim to be superspecialists! ACEDEMIC FELLOWSHIPS: Such fellowships test the knowledge of Doctor through two or three steps of examinations/ Viva. There is no practical training given Examples are, FRCS: Fellow of Royal College of Surgeons FICO: Fellow of International Council of Ophthalmologists FAICO: Fellow of All India Collegium of Ophthalmologists Some senior Ophthalmologists who were trained in multiple eye diseases and worked for a long time in handling them may be as good as superspecialists in some areas. Besides Ophthalmologists, some trained personnel can undertake some eye care tasks like OPTOMETRISTS: They can assess and prescribe Spectacle power(numbers), prescribe and dispense contact lenses, run some eye tests on machines. OPTICIANS: They can make/ sell glasses or contact lenses as prescribed by Ophthalmologists/ optometrists. They can not prescribe. Yet, many shops do so without Optometrists. OPHTHALMIC TECHNICIANS: They can operate machines like Perimetry, OCT, A scan ultrasonography, Topography etc. Hope that now the readers are better informed about their eye care providers.
2 people found this helpful

Annual Eye Exam - 3 Reasons Why It Is Important!

Dr. Neha Shukla 89% (53 ratings)
DOMS, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Annual Eye Exam - 3 Reasons Why It Is Important!
Before you go through this, just close your eyes for a few seconds and ponder how your life would be if you are unable to see? Pathetic isn t it? Eyes are one of the greatest gifts from the almighty, and it is your sole responsibility to protect them and keep in optimal health so that you too can keep on enjoying the beauty of nature. Sometimes people are too lazy to go for an eye checkup when there is absolutely no vision problem and in other cases, people just don t feel it is important to go for an eye checkup once in a year. However, routine eye exams are crucial for every person regardless of the age, gender, origin or habits. It is not just for individuals with poor eyesight but for everyone with or without eye problems. Here are the top reasons why you must be paying a visit to an ophthalmologist. Getting the prescription updated: You may think that your eyes are fine and there is nothing reasonable in visiting an ophthalmologist. But it is a general human tendency to neglect things until it is so late that nothing can be recovered. And your eyesight and eye health is no child s play- it is vital in directing the quality of your life. The skilled ophthalmologist can monitor the condition of your eyes and follow up the changes that have taken place over time. Your eyes and their features are unique, and thus it becomes easier for the expert to detect what s been altered in them. Seeing to the best of your abilities: People with corrective lenses often experience the need for tracking the periodic changes that have already taken place. Your eyes alter their shape and condition with time. Thus, keeping your prescription updated offers a subtle yet crucial advantage that you may not have considered before. Some of them are even concerned with your safety such as your ability to see while you drive at night. Eye diseases can be secretive: Sometimes, vision issues can come in quickly but often eye disorders tend to creep up that most individuals are not able to see. The deterioration can be so subtle and slow that you are unable to detect anything until it has progressed to a great extent. Eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma typically have no symptoms, which can be detected at an early age. And it goes without saying that vision loss cannot be reversed. But in case you visit your ophthalmologist regularly from an early age, vision loss can be prevented or at least slowed down.
2743 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello sir, Please advice can glaucoma be cured by using medicine's or it requires an operation.

Dr. Pradeep M Sheth 91% (290 ratings)
M.S. Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Vadodara
Glaucoma can be controlled by medicines. As long as visual function and eye pressure remains stable with medicines, and if you are regular in taking medicines and follow ups, surgery is not needed.
3 people found this helpful

I am 22 year old female. My ophthalmologist suggested me to have central corneal thickness test. I found this test is for the glaucoma diagnosis. Should I proceed immediately?

Ophthalmologist, Mumbai
Yes sure, it is to check your corneal thickness and correlate it with your eye pressure. On other thoughts, why are you hesitant to do the test when your Ophthalmologist has already ordered for it.

glaucoma can check by which method or what are the symptoms I am diabetic person and my mother have glaucoma.

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 93% (11645 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. Glaucoma is diagnosed on the basis of Intra Ocular Pressure (IOP). This can be easily checked at the ophthalmologist's clinic. When one consults an eye specialist, checking the IOP is one of the first thing that is done there. So visit the eye clinic. Thanks.
3 people found this helpful

I have glaucoma in my right eye. I am using moisture, zalacom, zorzox and zalaton eye drops (spelling may not correct) since last two years. Now I want Ayurvedic Treatment, may be for a longer time. Pl guide me I live in Delhi and my age is 64 years. Prof. SVS chaudhary.

Ayurveda,
For eye treatment —First Ayurveda advises to take dinner before sunset in eye patients For longer duration stat taking following treatment it will help you for sure. The effect of medication will take time to show results but it will definitely help you 1.Saptamrut loha guggulu-2tabs in morning and 2tabs in night before sleeping with Triphala ghee 1tsp honey1/2tsp 2.put Luke warm Triphala ghee 2-2 dropes in each eye once in a day 3.triphala churna 1/4 tsp at night before sleeping with Triphala ghee.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Glaucoma- Quick facts

Dr. Rajeev Gupta 88% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Ghaziabad
Glaucoma doesn t give way to any signs and symptoms until very late. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz

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