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Overview

Sinusitis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

A swelling or inflammation of the tissue lining the sinuses is known as sinusitis. When the sinuses are healthy, they are filled with air. But when get filled with fluid and get blocked, buildup of germs inside the sinuses can cause infection.

Some of the most common conditions that cause blockage inside the sinus are:

  • Swelling of the lining in the nose owing to allergic rhinitis
  • Development of nasal polyps, which are small growths in the lining inside the nose
  • A deviated septum, bringing about a change in the alignment of the nasal cavity

There are several types of sinusitis:

  • Acute sinusitis- which can start suddenly and last anywhere in between 2-4 days
  • Chronic inflamed sinusitis- which can last for more than 12 weeks
  • Recurrent sinusitis- which can happen several times in a year
  • Sinusitis is more likely to affect people who have a swelling inside their nasal cavity, like the one that happens because of a common cold. Formation of nasal polyps, blocked drainage duct inside the nose, and immune system deficiency or the medicines those that are prescribed to suppress our immune system are some of the other reasons that aggravates this disease. For children, sinusitis can happen because of allergies, excessive use of pacifiers, drinking from the bottle while lying on the back or from smoke in the environment. For diagnosis of this illness the doctor may look at your symptoms and then perform a physical check. The doctor can feel and press the patient’s face to look for tenderness in the sinus area. The doctor can also tap your teeth with a clinical aid, to see if a sinus near your nose is creating the trouble.

    Apart from this nasal endoscopy is also performed on the patient to see inside the patient’s nose and also to visualize the sinus drainage area. A nasal endoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument that has a tiny light and a digital camera attached, which is passed inside the nasal cavity after application of local anesthesia to the patients. For treatment of sinusitis, your doctor can prescribe a decongestant along with saline nasal wash. Sometimes to cure the nasal infection, doctors prescribe antibiotics to the patients. As a home remedy, using a vaporizer can be really helpful at times, since warm and moist air help if you have chronic sinusitis.

    For easing nose and sinus pain, warm compress can be recommended to the patients.

    Over-the-counter decongestants and sprays also helps to temporarily alleviate the symptoms of this disease.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Symptoms
Stuffy-up or running nose. Loss of smell A feeling of fullness or congestion in the face. In rare cases, pus inside the nasal cavity. Bad breath, fatigue and fever.

Popular Health Tips

Sinusitis Treatment - How Ayurveda Can Help With It?

Bnchy Wellness Medispa 89% (92 ratings)
Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS), M.sc in yoga and naturopathy, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Ayurveda, Delhi
Sinusitis Treatment - How Ayurveda Can Help With It?
The vast majority of us never consider our sinuses when we take a full breath through the nose. For others, this problem of stuffy nose, excruciating headaches, fever and infections, in episodes of sicknesses, last up to twelve weeks no less than four times each year. We should take a look at how this issue occurs and how to help them through Maharishi Ayurveda. This is how sinusitis occurs: Sinus issues are really brought on by a fundamental irregularity in Prana Vata (the subdosha of Vata that sees the brain and the head) and Shleshaka Kapha (a subdosha of Kapha, which administers oil and dampness levels). At the point when these two sub-doshas are at the same time imbalanced, another problem emerges. Ama, the sticky waste that is a result of processing, gets blended with Shleshaka Kapha in the sinus area, shaping a more toxic, sticky bodily fluid called Shleshma. Shleshma settles in the zone and stops the channels of the sinuses. Because of the confinement and blocking, Pitta dosha likewise gets to be imbalanced, and irritation occurs. At that point when each of the three doshas are out of adjustment, the body turns into a ground for bacteria, allergens, or infections. Air contamination, changes of hot and frosty climate increase it further. Eating unnecessary measures of chilly, sweet, not being able to workout or exercise can add to the problem. Here is how it can be cured through Ayurveda: Step 1: Eat foods that are not very hot, furthermore not very chilly. Stay away from extraordinary temperatures or foods that have extreme temperatures, for example, stew peppers or super cold foods and refreshments. Eat properly cooked, warm dinners that are light, sustaining, and simple to process. For instance, for breakfast, you could eat a stewed apple, and for the dinner eat khichari (a light and sustaining porridge made with two sections rice and one section mung dhal). Step 2: Drink a lot of water seasoned with flavours, to decontaminate the sinuses of toxins and to allow the harmful waste that has developed to stream out. Bubble two quarts of water, empty the water into a bottle, and put two leaves of basil, two thin cuts of ginger, four leaves of mint, two bits of clove, and teaspoon of marshmallow root. Continue drinking this water for the duration of the day, however, make it again every morning. Step 3: Detoxify the body and restore the sinus territory. Eat a lot of natural, crisp foods grown from the ground. Abstain from eating eggplant, banana, tomato and pepper, since these block the channels. Try not to skip meals or suppers, since that will annoy the stomach and create more problems for your body.
5395 people found this helpful

Sinusitis and Homeopathic Remedies

Dr. Namitha 91% (14 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Bangalore
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. The inflammation could be caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus. The infection may also be the result of an allergic or autoimmune reaction - when the immune system attacks healthy cells. Causative factors for Sinusitis: The common cold Allergic rhinitis Small growths in the lining of the nose called nasal polyps A deviated septum, which is a shift in the nasal cavity Types of Sinusitis:- Acute sinusitis:Usually starts with cold like symptoms such as a runny, stuffy nose and facial pain. It may start suddenly and last 2-4 weeks. Subacute sinus:Inflammation usually lasts 4 to 12 weeks. Chronic inflammation: Symptoms last 12 weeks or longer. Recurrent sinusitis: Happens several times a year. Symptoms of Acute Sinusitis: Facial pain or pressure Stuffy nose Runny nose Loss of smell Cough or congestion Fever Bad breath Fatigue Dental pain Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis: You may have these symptoms for 12 weeks or more A feeling of congestion or fullness in face A nasal obstruction or nasal blockage Pus in the nasal cavity Fever Runny nose or discolored postnasal drainage. How Homoeopathy helps to cure for Sinusitis? Homeopathic medicines can be of great help in the treatment of Sinusitis. The natural Homeopathic mode of treatment aims at rebuilding the body s immunity to Sinusitis. The Homeopathic treatment for sinusitis can completely cure the chronicity and recurrence of Sinusitis. Chronic Sinusitis stands the best chance of being cured by Homeopathy. The Homeopathic treatment of sinusitis is far superior as it does not resort to any strong medicines or antibiotics. The homeopathic medicine for sinusitis is mild and has the additional benefit that it does not cause any side effect at all. Commonly indicated Homoeopathic remedies: Belladonna: Throbbing pains in the front part of the head that come on suddenly and tend to leave suddenly only to return are characteristic of children who need this medicine. HEPARSulphur:Rarely indicated at the beginning of a sinusitis condition. Children begin sneezing and then develop sinusitis from the least exposure to cold air. Their nasal discharge is thick and yellow. The nostrils become very sore from the acrid discharge, and their nasal passages become sensitive to cold air. Kali bich:The distinguishing feature of children with sinusitis who need this medicine is that they have a thick, stringy nasal discharge. They have extreme pain at the root of the nose that is better by applying pressure there. The bones and scalp feel sore. Dizziness and nausea when rising from sitting and the severe pain may lead to dimmed vision. Mercurius:These children feel as though their head was in a vise. The pains are worse in open air, from sleeping, and after eating and drinking. The pains are also aggravated by extremes of hot and cold temperature. The scalp and the nose become very sensitive to the touch. Their teeth feel long and painful, and they may salivate excessively.
2 people found this helpful

What you need yo know about Chronic Sinusitis?

Dr. Jagdish Chaturvedi 92% (94 ratings)
DNB (ENT), MBBS
ENT Specialist, Bangalore
What you need yo know about Chronic Sinusitis?
You may feel congestion or fullness all over your face, pain around eyes, forehead, and face, and may have a runny nose or nasal congestion. The condition may be chronic sinusitis and knowing the symptoms will help you manage the condition effectively. Chronic sinusitis is a condition where the cavities around the nasal passages, i.e., the sinuses become swollen and inflamed and stays like that for about 12 weeks. It is a persisting condition, and one or more sinuses are affected in this condition. What causes chronic sinusitis? There are quite a few causes that can lead to chronic sinusitis. Some of them are: A damaged nasal septum may cause the blockage of the sinus passages, thereby leading to chronic sinusitis. The growth of nasal polyps in the sinus passages causes the blocking of the passages and thus may lead to chronic sinusitis. Infections in the respiratory tract which can be viral, bacterial or fungal like cold and cough may cause the inflammation of the tissues in the nasal passage and thus block the passage for mucous movement. Such a condition also leads to chronic sinusitis. Other causes include some medical conditions like any immune system related diseases such as HIV or any complications of cystic fibrosis, gastroesophageal reflux, etc. Sometimes allergic conditions may also lead to the inflammation of the tissues of the nasal passage and result in the same. Know The Symptoms To Self-diagnose There are four primary symptoms related to chronic sinusitis out of which a person requires to be confirmed of the presence of at least two symptoms for the doctor to suspect chronic sinusitis. These are: Congestion of the nasal passage causing breathing difficulties through the nose. Discharge of highly viscous or thick, discolored mucus from the nose and also drainage of such down the back of your throat. Swelling, tenderness, and pain around the eyes, cheeks, nose, and forehead. A cough or reduced taste and smell sensations in the adults. Other symptoms include a sore throat, pain in the upper jaw and teeth, ear pain, worsened cough at night, etc. Clinical Diagnosis There are quite a few ways by which your doctor is going to diagnose the problem, some of which are: Observing the nasal passage by nasal endoscopy, that is by inserting an endoscope with a fiber-optic light. This process is also called Rhinoscopy. Details of your nasal area can also be observed using the images obtained from a CT or MRI scan. If any of the above tests fail, a tissue culture test of your nasal passage and sinus is done to identify the infection you are affected with. Allergy tests may also be done if the doctor suspects the condition to be caused by any allergies. Various medications, immune-therapies, and even surgeries are opted for reducing the inflammation or for making way for the mucus to move out. The treatment is chosen depending on the severity of the situation.
4067 people found this helpful

Sinusitis - Home Management

Dr. Akanksha Tayal 93% (1523 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
HOME MANAGEMENT FOR SINUSITIS HOMOEOPATHY IS BEST FOR PERMANENT CURE IN SINUSITIS WITHOUT ANY SIDE-EFFECTS. Some home managements which you can follow to relieve temporarily and to stop the gradual increasing damage to sinus cavities. Drink plenty of fluids to help keep your mucus thin. Apply moist heat (using a hot, damp towel or gel pack) to your face for 5 to 10 minutes, several times a day. Breathe warm, moist air from a steamy shower, a hot bath, or a sink filled with hot water. Avoid extremely cool, dry air. Consider using a humidifier to increase the moisture in the air in your home. Use saltwater nasal washes(saline lavage or irrigation) to help keep the nasal passages open and wash out mucus and bacteria. If you make saline at home, use distilled water or water that has been boiled and then cooled. People who have postnasal drip and are around age 8 and older may also find it helpful to gargle often with warm salt water. This can help prevent a sore throat. If you need to blow your nose, do it gently. Forceful blowing may force thick mucus back into your sinuses and block them. Keep both nostrils open when blowing your nose. Avoid alcohol. It causes swelling of the tissue lining the nose and sinuses

Unani Treatment Of Sinusitis!

Dr. A Z Khan 89% (206 ratings)
Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Unani Specialist, Gaya
Unani Treatment Of Sinusitis!
Most people go through the experience of getting up in the morning feeling lousy along with a heavy headedness which lingers on all through the day. You may believe that you are getting cold, but you realize that the medications of the common cold are not able to mitigate your symptoms. That s because you are being affected with sinusitis which needs comprehensive treatment. What is sinusitis? Sinuses are hollow spaces in the body which have their opening in the nose for the exchange of air and mucus, and each sinus is joined with the nasal passage with the help of continuous mucous membrane. This means that anything which leads to a swelling in the nose including an infection or allergic reaction or immune reaction can affect these sinuses. It results in an intense pain of sinus attack as air is prevented from entering into the nasal sinus because of the swollen membrane. It can also lead to other symptoms such as a runny nose along with nasal congestion, tiredness, fever and severe cough. How to get rid of sinusitis? Even though there are endless numbers of medications which can help you control the symptoms of sinusitis, you will be surprised to know that it can also be effectively treated through the Unani medicines without any side effects. If you are suffering from acute sinus pain, you can inhale steam with holy basil five to six times a day. You may require this treatment for several weeks to years together as per the level of suffering. Practicing breathing techniques can also aid in draining out pollutants from the sinus cavities. Besides practicing these effective procedures, it is recommended to see a Unani medicine expert who can evaluate your unique physical condition and set a treatment plan to relieve your condition. This particular system has got its name from a region in Greece called Unan. The system of Unani medicine is based on several kinds of research, and it incorporates a huge number of drugs from notable medical systems like Siddha and Ayurveda. How does the Unani system of medicine work to treat sinusitis? According to the Unani system of medicine, it is important to find out the reason behind the ailment to treating the ailment from its roots. A person gets affected by different diseases including sinusitis due to the surrounding conditions. Therefore, it is important to strike a balance between human body and environment. Pollution also makes the body weaker, and medicines bring about a host of unwanted side effects. On the other hand, the medicine aids in collecting the factors which have contributed to causing the disease. The natural forces in the body together with the Unani medicines help in removing the ailments which, in turn, manage the symptoms of sinusitis. So, if you are suffering from intense sinusitis and no treatment has helped your condition, then you should consider Unani medications without further delay. It would take some time to uproot the condition, but it is possible to get rid of the condition by following the instructions of your expert diligently.
4 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I mostly have thick mucus in my nose, post clearing the mucus, I normally starts to breathe properly then partially for some time until it gets block again. So need your suggestion, is this deviated septum causing the blockage or some allergy or sinusitis, which I need to deal immediately.

Dr. Rahul Bhargava 87% (99 ratings)
Fellowship In Rhinology, MS (ENT), DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Delhi
I am really happy to see your query, Sinusitis is inflammation of the sinuses that are present around nose. These sinuses when blocked due to any cause leads to sinusitis. The above said symptoms of yours fit more into Sinusitis. However deviated nasal septum and allergic rhinitis can also occur along with sinusitis. A simple nasal endoscopy can solve your query and guide for appropriate treatment. Take care.

PNS X ray says Mucosal thickening in both maxillary sinus, ENT advised anti biotic, steroid nasal spray and steam inhalation for 15 days. Now I did all of these, but a strains continuously affect at behind eyes, nose and forehead. Tell me what to do, how and when I will get rid of it?

Dr. Anuradha Siddheshwar Nilange 92% (1005 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Ok you do one thing start the homoeopathic medicine alium cepa 30 liquid dilution 10 drops in half cup of water for 2 times a day for 3 days and take steam and drink lot of Luke warm water.
2 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Curing Sinus with Homeopathy

Dr. Shubhangi Kumbhar 92% (864 ratings)
BHMS, DEMS
Homeopath, Pune
A sinus infection can be a possible symptom of HIV. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
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Acute Sinusitis

Dr. Major Rajesh Kumar Bhardwaj 89% (245 ratings)
MS - ENT, DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Acute sinusitis may end up causing complete loss of vision. True or false? Take this quiz to find out now.
Start Quiz

Myths and Facts - Acute sinusitis

Dr. Major Rajesh Kumar Bhardwaj 89% (245 ratings)
MS - ENT, DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Delhi
An Antibiotic is the most trusted treatment for sinusitis. True or False? Take the quiz to know now.
Start Quiz

Sinusitis Myths and Facts

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 86% (22262 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Applying warm compress to your face provides faster relief. True or False?
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