Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Change Language

Edema: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Edema is defined as a medical condition, in which swelling occurs due to trapping of excess fluid within the body tissues. The inflammation of the body part can result from injury or any other reason. Some of the common causes of edema include liver cirrhosis, excess consumption of salt, skin infection, heart failure, as a side-effect of some medicines, kidney disorders, sunburn and others. It should be however, kept in mind that edema is not actually a disease. It is just a symptom.

The treatment of edema can be achieved by treating the diseases that causes this symptom. Mild edema reduces naturally on its own if the affected area is kept at a level higher than that of heart. The treatment of severe edema is done by medication, where the excess body fluids are eliminated from the body by the use of drugs known as diuretics. These body fluids are usually excreted from the body in the form of urine. An example of such a diuretic is Furosemide. However, the medicines prescribed by the doctor depend upon the personal history of the patient.

Long term treatment of edema mainly focuses on curing the causes that lead to these symptoms. However, if it is due the side-effect of any other drugs then the doctor should look into this matter and shoul make changes in the prescribed medicines.

A few home remedies to treat the problem of edema involve movement of the muscles of the area that has been with the symptom so that the excess fluid can be drained away, massaging of the affected area, applying compression to the affected area by using tight stockings, or gloves, reducing the consumption of salt in diet, protection of the affected area to prevent further infections.

How is the treatment done?

Since edema is a symptom and not an actual disease, it needs professional diagnosis regarding the cause of the symptom, if the reason is unknown. Edema can occur both due to serious as well as some minor diseases. In order to treat this symptom the root cause has to be investigated and eliminated and this requires medical help from a doctor.

The treatment of this symptom involves maintaining a few basic things like having regular exercises, a healthy lifestyle, having a balanced diet, cutting out the intake of excess salts in one’s diet, applying compression in the area that has inflamed, massaging of the area where the swelling has taken place due to accumulation of body fluids, trying out herbal remedies that can reduce the swelling, maintaining a healthy skin by taking care of it, keeping the affected or swollen area slightly above the level of heart so that the fluid can drain away. In case, the cause of edema is a serious ailment, then the person should seek medical help from a doctor.

The practice of maintaining a healthy lifestyle involves doing regular exercises, walking briskly or slowly everyday for at least 15 minutes. Sitting for too long at a particular place may result the body fluids to stagnate within the muscle tissues of legs and arms and in such cases it is necessary to stretch out the arms and legs to facilitate circulation of blood and body fluids. A gentle massage at the inflamed area may also help at times to provide relief to the patients having such symptoms of edema

In the concern of food habits, a patient having edema must try to reduce the intake of salts or salt-rich food in their diet. It is advisable for them to take a balanced diet that includes fresh vegetables and fruits.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

There is no definite restriction of age or any other factor as such, regarding the treatment of edema. It must be kept in mind that edema is not a disease itself but a symptom of some other disease. Hence, the disorder that caused edema must be treated in order to cure this condition. Any person having the symptoms of edema must undergo a thorough diagnosis and once the disease is found, it must be treated accordingly.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who does not have edema, is not elegible for undergoing a treatment.

Are there any side effects?

The treatment of edema is mainly done by the excretion of the body fluids through urine. This is done by a group of medicines called diuretics. Although these drugs are safe, some people are reported to have side effects. Some of the common side effects of using diuretics (for treatment of edema) include low level of sodium in blood, excess and frequent urination, nausea, electrolyte imbalance, arrhythmia, thirst, loss of appetite, nausea and muscle cramps.

Certain diuretics such as Thiazide can lead to blurred vision, hypoalkemia or lowered levels of potassium in the blood, can cause allergic reactions in people who are hypersensitive to this group of diuretics, impaired glucose control, increased level of uric acid, increased level of cholesterol. Patients suffering from diabetes or undergoing a treatment of gout are not recommended to take Thiazide for the treatment of edema. Potassium supplements must also be prescribed alongside.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines for edema include taking the prescribed medicines regularly, consulting with the doctor in case of any side effects, drinking plenty of water, having fresh fruits and vegetables in diet, reducing the intake salt in their diet. Massaging of the inflamed area should be done regularly to prevent accumulation of fluids within the tissues. The patient who had suffered from edema, should take care that the cause of this symptom is completely cured. For persons, who had swollen legs and arms should go for brisk or slow walks daily for at least 15 minutes, so that the fluids do not accumulate within the tissues of the limbs.

How long does it take to recover?

There is no specific time limit for curing edema. Since, it is a symptom, the total time required to completely cure edema depends upon the treatment of the cause of edema. Once the cause of edema is completely cured, the symptom of inflammation disappears completely. Temporarily relief is however achieved by taking medicines known as diuretics, regular exercises, massaging of the affected area and having a healthy balanced diet.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of treatment of edema is different at different places in India. In metropolitan cities the price of treatment is relatively higher than in other small towns and cities of India. The price range varies from Rs 500 to Rs 900 per visit to the doctor and may be upto Rs 1200 in some metropolitan cities. The cost of the medicines is additional.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The treatment of edema may or may not be permanent and it depends on the cause of edema. In order to permanently cure the problem of edema, care should be taken to cure the underlying disorder that has led to this symptom. Treatment of edema with diuretics alone, gives just a temporary relief to the patient because these groups of drugs (i.e. diuretics) are mainly concerned with flushing out the accumulated fluid in the body tissues through urine. Once the root cause for edema goes away, the problem of edema also disappears. For patients who are having edema due to some underlying permanent health problems, care should be taken to keep the cause of edema under control.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The treatment of edema is mainly done using diuretics. However, this treatment can also be done by several natural ways. This includes undergoing massage therapy, consumption of cranberry juice, green tea, apple cider vinegar, coriander seeds, mustard oil, diet rich in vitamins, turmeric, ginger root tea, dandelion tea, oil of oregano, cater oil, Epsom salt and others.

For a permanent treatment of edema one must try to cure a main cause that has led to the problem of edema.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 31 years old and I am using alcohol and chewing tobacco from many years, my height is 5'10 and my present weight is 103 kg which is previously 94 kgs. My question is that 4 years ago I was diagnosed with survival spondylitis so that I feel very uncomfortable and much more at bed time even taking exercise from physiotherapists, so my family doctor has advised me to take seloken xl25 mg and that really works for me from that time I am continuing this seloken xl25 mg daily 1 tab in morning, but last year I was feeling discomfort again and in test my triglycerides level was slightly high and my doctor has advised me diet plan, exercises and ecosprin av 75 but I did not took that medicine and only follow diet plan and yoga and after some time I was feeling good and now from last 1 month I wanna quit alcohol and when I did not take alcohol I can't sleep with discomfort and irregular pains in chest (specially in night), so again I have to consume alcohol for sleep, now my doctor has prescribed me exercise, yoga, diet plan and #ecosprin av 75 (for 10 days). Is it safe to take and stop ecosprin av 75 after 10 days? Please guide me, I am a lower middle class man and having so many responsibilities so I don't wanna die soon and also I don't have enough money for treatment. Please advise me the best as soon as possible.

MBBS, MD Psychistry
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
Hello lybrate-user, 1). Follow the diet plan as adviced by your doctor. 2). Please take the doctor seriously and take the treatment he has given you. 3). For treatment of alcohol deaddiction you will have to consult a psychiatrist in person or thr...

I received a text from nhs saying that I am someone who is considered to be severely ill if I caught the coronavirus and ti stay home for 12 weeks. All I could think of. Is that I have savcroillitiis (which wouldn't put me at risk) and I am sickle cell trait. Is this correct that I could be severely ill if I caught this virus?

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Shimla
Covid–19 may present with mild, moderate, or severe illness; the latter includes severe pneumonia, ards, sepsis and septic shock. Let's connect over a call so that we can discuss your concern in details and make a suitable treatment plan for you.

Doc mein bethadoxin sg le rha hu 45 days se. Mujhe kitne din lena chahiye aur. Kyuki mujhe nervousness hoti hai aur jaldi muscle weak ho jati hai stress bhi hota hai. Mein 17 years se masturbation kr rha hu. Meri nerves bhi kampti hai kbhi kbhi. Please, btaye capsule kitne din lena chahiye. Aur sath mein zyptra ls le rha hu. Raat ko. Age 34 hai weight 123 kg.

MBBS, MS- General Surgery, MCH- Urology, Fellowship Minimal Access Surgery
Urologist, Mumbai
Bethadoxin 12 syrup contains cyanocobalamin, d-panthenol, l-lysine, pyridoxine and thiamine as active ingredients. Bethadoxin 12 syrup works by enhancing effect on viral replication; normalizing the formation of red blood cells and nerve tissues; ...
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Gall Bladder Stone - How To Manage It In Children?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Paediatric Surgery
Pediatric Surgeon, Kolkata
Gall Bladder Stone - How To Manage It In Children?
When gall bladder becomes inflamed, your child may suffer from fever, abdominal pain, and vomiting. Causes of Gallstones in Kids - Study shows that girls form gallstones more than boys. However, other causes of gallstones in kids are: Disease rela...
3091 people found this helpful

Head Injuries - All You Must Know!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Delhi
Head Injuries - All You Must Know!
Injuries are very common, especially head injuries are one of the leading causes of death and disability in adults. As per surveys conducted, 1.7 million people suffer from head injuries every year and this estimation is increasing day by day. Hea...
2697 people found this helpful

Difficult Asthma - All You Should Know!

Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Difficult Asthma - All You Should Know!
Asthma is the most common chronic condition for women in pregnancy. While Asthma control can affect pregnancy, pregnancy too can affect Asthma. Yet while pregnancy does not beget Asthma, neither does it abate. Nevertheless, Asthma management durin...
4059 people found this helpful

Thyroid Surgery - When It Becomes Important?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Gastroenterology
General Surgeon, Hyderabad
Thyroid Surgery - When It Becomes Important?
Thyroid, a small butterfly-shaped gland is present at the lower frontal region of the neck, right beneath the voice box. It produces hormones which regulate metabolism (the breakdown of food by the body to convert it into energy). It even plays a ...
3725 people found this helpful

Thyroid Surgery - Know Why It Is Suggested!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Thyroid Surgery - Know Why It Is Suggested!
The thyroid is a small gland located at the base of the neck. This is responsible for the production of hormones that help regulate metabolism. The thyroid is susceptible to a number of disorders including hyperthyroidism and cancer. In such cases...
5188 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
Diploma in Diabetology,CCRH (certificate in reproductive health),MBBS,F.F.M(family medicine)
General Physician
Play video
Smoking And How It Can Affect
Hi, I am Dr. Nikhil Modi, Pulmonologist. Today I will talk about smoking and breathing-related issues. Smoking aaj kal trend ban gaya hai. Almost har ek person smoke karta hai. But smoking se humari body ke har hisse mein problem ho sakti hai. Jis...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice