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Sunburn - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Skin is the largest organ is the body and it is exposed to the rays of the sun. The ultraviolet rays of the sun penetrate through the skin and helps in the formation of melanin in the skin. Melanin is the pigment that gives the dark tan to the skin. The higher the melanin in the body, the darker the skin.

Exposure to the sun’s radiation also helps in the formation of vitamin D and warmth to the body.

When the body is exposed to too much ultraviolet rays, it causes a condition called sunburn. Burn due to ultraviolet rays is also caused when the body is exposed to other sources of ultraviolet rays like phototherapy lamps, arc lamps and tanning beds.

Almost all people of all ages, race and sex can get sunburns. The condition is prevalent during all seasons even in winters when the radiation of the sun is low. Number of people suffering from sunburn is more towards the equator and at higher altitudes. Lighter skinned people are more at risk than dark skinned counterparts.

Mild first degree burns are caused due to sunburns. When the condition is serious there may be dehydration, second degree burns and infection. Sunburn can result from exposure to sun due to excessive outdoor activity. The ultraviolet rays pass through the clothes and reach the skin. They can even reach the skin when the clothes are wet.

Sunburn will increase symptoms of diseases like herpes, eczema, dermatitis, and erythematosus. Severe sunburn can also cause melanoma, skin cancer, premature ageing, wrinkling of skin, dehydration, exhaustion and heatstroke.

The condition is not life threatening, however, it can cause a lot of pain. First aid is given to patients who suffer from mild sunburn. When the sunburn is severe, doctors will prescribe steroidal drugs that can relieve pain and inflammation. Hospitalization of patients with sunburn is necessary when the symptoms are severe. In mild cases, they are treated as outpatients and provided with cool baths, showers, anti-inflammatory medications and avoid further sun exposure.

Prevention of sunburn is possible by not exposing oneself from the harmful sun radiations, use of sunscreens while venturing outside and wearing caps and sunglasses. All these preventive measures can help a person to avoid sunburns and also prevent further episodes of sunburns if one has suffered from one.

Sunburn is a condition that is not fatal and can be treated easily. Precautions enable to prevent sunburns and offer protection.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Redness in skin Itchiness Inflammed skin Swelling

Popular Health Tips

Skin Tanning Due To Sun Exposure - Home Remedies That Can Help!

Dr. Neha Rathi 90% (10 ratings)
Diploma In Dermatology & Venerology & Leprosy (DDVL), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Dermatologist, Nagpur
Skin Tanning Due To Sun Exposure - Home Remedies That Can Help!
Tanning of the skin, though desired by some, completely mars the complexion of few. In a tropical country like India, sun tanning is a serious problem, one that often times calls for medical intervention. In fact a host of homemade remedies have also emerged to combat with this problem. Some of the remedies for sun tanning are Cucumber juice: The advantages of cucumbers do not end with its nutritional values. In fact most of its well-acknowledged benefits pertain to beauty more than health care. In instances of tanning, try applying cucumber juice. This will not only help in lessening the effects of the tan but will also give a fresh glow to the face. Potato: It is unanimously agreed upon that potato is the most versatile vegetable. Irrespective of the dish, this vegetable almost always finds its way in it. It is only good news therefore that it benefits the skin as well. In order to remove the tan, you must peel the potato and rub the skin on the face. An alternative way of maximizing the utility of the vegetable is by applying the juice of potato on the areas which are affected. Sandalwood powder: The goodness of sandalwood requires no introduction. It takes good care not only of the health but also of the skin. Even in the case of tanning, grind the sandalwood and mix it with almond oil and cucumber and apply the mixture. Aloe vera gel: This is one of the most trusted remedies of sun tanning. The aloe vera gel must be applied on the skin on a daily basis to retain the moisture in the skin and also to soothe it. For best results, mix some lemon juice in the aloe vera gel. Yoghurt and lemon: The advantages of yoghurt are aplenty, benefitting especially the skin. If mixed with lemon, the consequent paste bleaches the skin and significantly diminishes all the effects of tanning.
3755 people found this helpful

How Ayurveda Can Help Treat Sunburns?

Dr. G S Lavekar 93% (9112 ratings)
Ph.D - Ayurveda, MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Delhi
How Ayurveda Can Help Treat Sunburns?
Sunburns are caused due to long stretches of exposure to the sun. People living in tropical countries are more prone to sunburns. The harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun can lead to skin pigmentation that if not treated, can become a permanent skin condition. The worst aspect of sun tanning is that it keeps piling on your skin layer after layer. It is therefore absolutely essential to cover the skin of your face and arms while venturing outdoors. Medications are effective in certain cases, but in some other cases, the afflicted person's skin is so sensitive that medicated ointments fail to show improvement. Ayurvedic home remedies can be put to use to avoid alarming side effects. Sunburns are characterized by the following symptoms: The affected area is usually hotter than other parts of your skin A stinging and itching sensation may develop Red and pink patches may be seen on your face and arms or around the neck Acute sunburn can even make a person suffer from fevers and fatigue These Ayurvedic ways can be followed at home to treat sunburns: Use black tea to cure sun rashes and sunburns: Refrigerate some black tea if possible. This cold beverage must be applied to the areas that have been harshly affected by the ultraviolet rays of the sun. Applying black tea on your skin multiple times in a day can repair the damage already done. Coconut oil is a great way to remove sun tan: Coconut oil has been held in high esteem since ages. It is known for its ability to cure rashes. One must use coconut oil on the red patches every night before going to bed. Aloe vera gel can do wonders with your affected skin: Instead of using creams that contain aloe vera; one should use aloe vera gel by extracting it directly from the plant. Aloe vera can heal the burns and can also soothe the burning sensation. Cucumber in combination with lemon juice can remedy sunburns: Lemon juice has acidic effects that helps in lightening sun tan. When this juice is used with cucumber paste, the latter cools down an irritated skin area and rejuvenates it from within. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda and ask a free question.

Common Sunscreen Myths: What Should You Know?

Dr. Pushpa K R 90% (349 ratings)
MD - (Dermatology & STD)
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Common Sunscreen Myths: What Should You Know?
Exposing your skin to harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun can have devastating effects on your skin,including wrinkles, sunburn and even skin cancer. So, using a sunscreen every time you step outdoors and using it correctly is of vital importance to have healthy skin. However, most people have different misconceptions about sunscreen usage. Read on to find the real facts behind these widespread sunscreen myths 1. You don t need to apply sunscreen if your makeup contains SPF If any of your makeup products like foundation or powder contains SPF, do not assume that it can replace your sunscreen. Makeup containing SPF cannot protect your skin entirely as cosmetics are generally applied lightly,and mostly doesn t cover places like T-zones, earlobes or hairline. To fully shield your skin from the sunrays, it s necessary to apply sunscreen or moisturizer with at least SPF 30 before putting makeup on. It is advisable to apply the sunscreen half an hour before stepping out for maximum benefit. 2. Putting sunscreen on your skin once is enough to protect you throughout the day Most people apply sunscreen only once before heading out of the house, and don t reapply it again throughout the entire day.Contrary to popular belief, this does not provide protection for the entire day as most sunscreens lose their effect with time. To ensure that your skin remains protected you need to reapply sunscreen once every 2 hours, and once every 40-80 minutes if you are engaging in activities like swimming and exercising. 3. Waterproof sunscreens won t wash off Even if your sunscreen is waterproof, you need to reapply it at regular intervals if you are pursuing water sports like swimming or are the kind who washes their face frequently. When a sunscreen is typified as waterproof, it actually means that the composition of the sunscreen makes it suitable for functioning for a maximum of 1 hour and 20 minutes under water. Moreover, sunscreens containing a water-resistant label can bear water immersion up to at most 40 minutes. So, irrespective of whatever the label of the sunscreen mentions, you need to reapply sunscreen every hour to protect your skin effectively. 4. You do not need to apply sunscreen in winters or you are when indoors. Winter skin is relatively more sensitive than summer skin which is tanned. If one is in hilly areas or snow covered regions there is reflection of UV light from the snow that causes more skin damage. Also glass can allow UV rays to pass through and indoor lighting can also be a source of UV exposure, therefore you should apply sunscreen even when you are indoors.
3957 people found this helpful

4 Ayurvedic Remedies For Vitiligo!

Dr. Priyanka Suneet Shende 90% (92 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), T.T.C.M Yoga
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
4 Ayurvedic Remedies For Vitiligo!
Vitiligo is a medical condition, which causes the loss of skin color due to loss of pigmentation. This usually occurs in blotches and looks very unsightly. Vitiligo is very unpredictable and can affect any part of your body. In some cases it also affects the inside of the mouth, eyes, and hair. Vitiligo is more noticeable on people with darker skin tone. Symptoms of Vitiligo: Premature graying or whitening of the hair in your eyebrows, eyelashes, scalp, and beard. This usually occurs before the age of 35. Skin discoloration can also occur from other parts of the body such as hands, feet, abdomen, neck and other areas. Change or loss of the color of the retina (inner layer on the eyeball). Discolored patches on and around the navel, rectum and genitals. What causes vitiligo? A medical disorder where your immune system destroys and attacks the melanin forming pigments in your skin. This is known as an autoimmune disorder and by far is the most common cause behind vitiligo. An event such as sudden or prolonged stress, sunburn, or being exposed to industrial chemicals. A history of family members or relatives having vitiligo in the past. Ayurvedic Treatments for Vitiligo: Mustard and Turmeric Oil: A paste made with mustard and turmeric oil can be applied on the affected area. This is also good for the skin and reduces vitiligo. Do this at least 2 times a day to reduce the patches considerably. Duckweed: This is a type of water plant and is very rich in a mineral called lignin. It is considered a natural treatment for skin disorders and vitiligo. It will also help to restore your natural skin color. Sun screen: If you already have vitiligo, exposure in the sun can make it worse, so applying a sunscreen with SPF 30 or above (or an appropriate level of sunscreen protection) can protect your skin from further damage. Papaya: This fruit is great for restoring and reviving melanin (responsible for skin pigmentation). Drinking papaya juice or rubbing papaya on the affected area can reduce vitiligo to some extent.
3 people found this helpful

UV Rays - Know How They Harm Your Skin!

Dr. Sruthi Gondi 90% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
UV Rays - Know How They Harm Your Skin!
In limited quantities, ultraviolet rays are not only beneficial but also necessary for maintaining proper health. The Vitamin D from the sun s rays can help cure several diseases such as eczema, jaundice and psoriasis. If adequate amounts of sun rays are not received by the body, bone growth gets hampered that can result in osteoporosis and other bone weakness issues. However, if it is received in abundance, its effects can be profusely detrimental to the immune system, eyes and the skin. Since skin tanning and sun-bathing have become increasingly popular among the mass, it is necessary for people to be more aware of the potential risks of sun exposure. "Erythema" or sunburn is a very common condition among fair skinned people, which occurs when the skin absorbs energy from the sun s rays. The system detects it as a harmful, intrusive force and thereby signals for extra blood to reach the affected area and restore the skin. It results in pain, swelling, blistering, itching and peeling of the skin. Not only is it a painful condition, it can also be a precursor to even more harmful diseases. Skin cancer cases are steadily on the rise in the world, with 5 new such cases being reported every week. Due to prolonged exposure to harsh UV rays, the number of damaged cells in the body increases to such an extent that the system cannot mend it anymore. When not controlled, these damaged cells multiply, grow or divide uncontrollably. These cells can also accumulate and form a tumor. Repeated and prolonged exposure to sun rays can also cause premature aging and wrinkling due to the degenerative damages it does to the skin s epidermis. If one is vulnerable to sunburn, it is recommended for them to carry sunscreen at all times. The UV rays are blocked by the deflecting properties of sunscreens, thereby protecting the skin to a large degree. It is recommended for patients to carry umbrellas, or protective clothing to cover themselves up if they are vulnerable to harsh sun s rays in the morning. Although sun exposure can cause several problems to our skin, with proper precautions, one can be assured of safety. Sun exposure can be properly managed if one remembers to make use of these simple tips daily.
2574 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi my marriage is in 3 months. I have tanned feet, hands and face and they are very stubborn. Kindly suggest good sunscreen as my hands and feet are dry while my face is normal but when I use any kind of cream I get acne. Kindly suggest how to remove tan and also to prevent from tanning.

Dr. Srinu Bhukya 91% (36 ratings)
Doctor of Medicine
Acupuncturist, Hyderabad
You may have any lung related problems / constipation. More ever with every small thing you are getting sadness/worry. Be happy always. Use daily two glass of alovera juice. Have water every one hour 1/2 liter. Maintain deit in time 7-9 am, 1-3 pm, 7-9 pm for 3 months. All the best.
1 person found this helpful

Skin tanning is increasing day by day I am suffering from black head black under eyes pls help me to detan my face and toxify it pls provide some home remedies too.

Dr. Narasimhalu C.R.V. 93% (39590 ratings)
Dermatologist, Chennai
Use avarta under eye cream twice daily, along with the following medicine. Contact me or send photos on direct private online consultation for proper diagnosis and treatment.

The skin color on my face and arm is badly tanned and doesn't seem to go away no matter how much I avoid sun exposure. What should I do?

Dr. Jasreen Kaur 90% (105 ratings)
MD physician, PGDCA Aesthetic
Aesthetic Medicine Specialist, Lucknow
Please take sunprotection and use phenol peel if required also you can glutathione tablet under doctor guidance.

You asked: Im 23 old married female. Im somewhat wheatish in color but my skin tone gets darker & darker day by day also I have some 2 or 3 acne marks & dark circles which makes me look more dull with uneven skin tone. I want to get a clear & brighter looking skin without any side effects. I want to change my tanned face into a clearer brighter one because I feel soo ashamed to go out with my husband. Even my hands& legs are also becoming tanned. Please I need to know what are the ways I can achieve it also if there any creams or tablets with no side effects please mention the brand name so that it will make easy for purchase. I also want to know which is the good sunscreen ,vit c serum or cream ,vitamins that I can take. & also I need to know name of some hydrating creams that I can keep my skin hydrated not moisturized bcz I dnt want an oily effect on my face.

Dr. Ashwin Nirmal 91% (158 ratings)
Ayurveda, Jamnagar
For darkening of skin it maybe due to sunburn. Protect your skin from direct sunlight and wearing sunglasses, socks, Veil eyc. Are better options for your skin protection. There are so many reasons of acne e. G. Bacterial infection, poor hygienic care, lake of sanitation, usages of heavy and outdated cosmetics, exchanging cosmetics, chronic dandruff etc. So if you are having anyone of them clear about that disorders as well as take care of your personal hygiene. Just apply turmeric powder mixed with rose-water, as this combination I have found the most effective in thirty years of medical practice. Some of panchkarma therapy e. G. Virechan-Karma, Basti-Karma & nasyakarma are the best therapy for you. For entire body health drinking plenty of water is the best moisturizer of the world. It prevents skin becoming dry. If possible you should send me latest images so I can help you better. If you are interested you may communicate with me on-line or chat with me in private.

I am 23 year old girl, I have uneven skin tone on my hands, the fist area is fair but the rest part of my hand up till arms is dark and skin is also not in good condition. I live in rajasthan and temperature here in summers is very high and I had never used sunscreen or lotion while going to school or tuition's in hot summer afternoon. Same is the case with face and neck as they were always exposed whereas my legs have lighter tone. I have tried few things like lemon and honey but nothing worked permanently. How can I get rid of sun burned skin and tan? I have combination, acne prone and sensitive skin. Can you please suggest some organic products, as I don't want to apply lots of chemicals to my skin. Also I have acne and acne marks on my face. please suggest something to cure.

Dr. Shriganesh Diliprao Deshmukh 88% (1748 ratings)
International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Fairness diet carrot salmon spinach lemons HERE ARE THE BEAUTY TIPS FOR QUICK FAIRNESS: 1. Application of lemon juice on your face can give you quick fairness. Lemon juice is acidic. Hence it naturally bleaches your skin. However don’t apply it undiluted. You might find the sting of undiluted lemon juice unbearable. So mingle it with few drops of water. You can also use a face mask made out of lemon juice and other ingredients like chickpea flour and almond. You need to soak about 5-6 almonds overnight in water. Next morning peel off the almond skins, crush almonds to a smooth paste, adding lemon juice and 2 tbsp chickpea flour to your mixture. Mix all ingredients thoroughly and apply the mask all over face and neck. Keep for about 20 minutes and then rinse with cold water. Repeat thrice a week. 2. Dry out the orange rinds. Ground those into a fine powder. Mingle the powder with curd and honey and apply it all over your face. Massage in a circular pattern for about 10-15 minutes and wash off with cold water. Repeat this remedy too thrice a week. Inform Mr. progress.

Health Quizzes

How To Care For Your Burns?

Dr. Swapna Kunduru 89% (10 ratings)
MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS, PLAB
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Burns can heal completely if proper treatment is provided. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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63 people took this quiz

Skin Burn - Can Ice Help You?

Dr. Himanshu Singhal 87% (27 ratings)
MD - Skin,VD & Lepxsy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Rewari
Aloe vera can help you treat burns at home. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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208 people took this quiz

Why Prevent Your Skin Against Sun Exposure?

Dr. Patil Malini 90% (660 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Thane
Sun damage happens only during hot, sunny days. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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3864 people took this quiz

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