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Asthma - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Airways become narrow and get constricted and there is excess mucus production in asthma. It makes breathing difficult and also triggers wheezing and coughing. For some asthma is just a minor ailment. Others might not be able to function and may have near fatal experiences. Even though it can’t be cured. The symptoms are manageable. As it can change with time, it is necessary that your doctor tracks your symptoms and signs and adjusts treatment as required. It isn’t known as to why some people have asthma while others don’t. Genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role in this.


  • Being exposed to various substances and irritants that might trigger allergies or the asthma symptoms and signs.
  • Airborne particles like dust mites, pollen, pet dander, cockroach waste and mold spores.
  • Common cold
  • Exertion induced
  • Chilly air
  • Emotional overload and stress
  • Irritants and air particles like smoke
  • Certain medicines like aspirin, ibuprofen, beta blockers and naproxen
  • Preservatives and sulfites
  • GERD or gastro esophageal disease, an acid reflux condition

The chances of asthma increase for a number of reasons. These are:

  • Having a relative with asthma
  • Having other allergic conditions like allergic rhinitis or atopic dermatitis
  • Smoking excessively
  • Having a high BMR
  • Being exposed to passive smoke
  • Being exposed to pollution or fumes
  • Having an occupation which involves dealing with chemicals

It is necessary to do a physical exam to rule out other possibilities like COPD (chronic-obstructive pulmonary disease) or respiratory infections. The doctor will conduct these tests and question about your symptoms and signs.

  • Lung Function Tests- Pulmonary or lung function tests can determine the amount of air moving out and in during breathing. They may include: Spirometry- This tests for the widening of the bronchi by seeing how much air is exhaled after deep breathing.
  • Peak flow- A peak-flow meter is quiet a simple instrument that checks the intensity of the exhalation. A low reading on the meter might indicate that the lungs aren’t working to their best efficiency and that the asthma is deteriorating. A doctor will instruct you on how the peak flow measurements are to be interpreted and tracked.
  • A medicine called bronchodilator is taken after or before a lung function test, to open the airways up.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Self diagnosable Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Pain in the chest Troubled breathing Wheezing Irritated or inflammed throat Mouth breathing Tightness of chest

Popular Health Tips

Asthma - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!

Dr. Vijeshwar Kumar Gupta 84% (10 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Moradabad
Asthma - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!
The most common respiratory disorder, asthma, is an allergy. Allergy is when the body s immune system recognizes something in the system as foreign (or antigen) and produces what are known as antibodies. These antibodies cause allergic symptoms ranging from skin rashes to breathing issues to even anaphylaxis. People who have asthma dread the spring season when the air is full of pollen, and they have severe attacks. In simple terms, what happens during asthma is the air pipes narrow down, leading to symptoms of chest congestion, breathlessness, coughing, and wheezing. Ayurvedic belief is that asthma is caused due to some triggers like stress, exercise, cold air, and excessive pollen. These increase the Kapha component or dosha, which leads to mucus formation in the air passages leading to narrowing of the airways. Some causes include: Weak lung tissues Damp environment Cold and/or stale food Increased ama (mucus) formation Strange as it may sound, Ayurveda believes that impaired digestion causes asthma. Management: Ayurvedic belief is that managing asthma requires effort aimed at various things including food changes, exercise, and airway management. Some of the significant tips are listed below. Increase consumption of honey and warm liquids like herbal teas Eat a lot of old cereals and whole grains (rice, barley, oats, green grams, etc.) Reduce dairy products as they are difficult to digest and hard on the stomach Avoid white flour, oily foods, sugary foods, cold-stored foods, processed foods, and fried foods. These again are hard on the stomach and not easily digested. Exercise should be done in moderation, as too much exercise can add to the shortness of breath and congestion Try various home remedies and repeat what works for you well. Black pepper powder in warm milk can help relieve the congestion. Ginger root can be powdered along with black pepper and stored as a powder. This can be mixed in warm water or milk and consumed 3 to 4 times a day Steam inhalation where cumin seeds can also be added to the water is found to be very beneficial. A concoction of guava leaves, black pepper, milk, and water can be boiled. This, when consumed for over 6 to 8 months, helps improve immunity. Neti therapy where the nasal passages are cleared of mucus is also a very effective way to improve breathing and keep the airways clear. Stress management either through meditation or mild exercise is very important, as asthma is known to worsen during periods of stress. Herbal oil massages also help improve circulation and nerve supply and therefore improve immunity. Ayurveda believes these improve immunity and thereby control asthma.

Pulmonary Function Tests - Why Is It Required?

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 92% (33895 ratings)
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Pulmonary Function Tests - Why Is It Required?
Pulmonary Function Tests or PFTs are a set of tests that are used to determine, measure or observe the functioning of the lungs. The most common pulmonary function tests used are spirometry, gas diffusion, and lung plethysmography. Highlights of pulmonary function tests A spirometry test is used to measure the amount of air inhaled and exhaled. It also measures the amount of time taken to complete a respiration cycle. A lung plethysmography measures the amount of air in the lungs after the patient has taken a deep breath. It also measures the amount of air that remains in the lungs after the patient has exhaled as much air as possible. What does a Pulmonary Function Test measure? Pulmonary function tests would not only check how well the person is breathing but also how effectively the lungs are able to conduct oxygen to the rest of the body. In addition to air flow, these tests would measure the size and volume of the lung and lung diffusion. These tests can also be used to measure Total Lung Capacity the amount of air present in the lungs after breathing in deeply Forced Vital Capacity the amount of air that can be exhaled after breathing in deeply Minute Volume the amount of air exhaled per minute Vital Capacity the total volume of air that can be breathed out after inhaling as much as possible Tidal Volume the amount of air inhaled or exhaled when breathing normally Maximum voluntary ventilation the amount of air that can be inhaled and exhaled in one minute Functional Residual Capacity the amount of air that remains in the lungs when breathing normally Forced Expiratory Flow the flow or volume of air during an exhalation Peak Expiratory Flow Rate the rate at which a person can exhale When are Pulmonary Function Tests recommended? A physician might recommend a patient undergo a PFT as part of a routine physical check-up. This test would be advised if the patient is experiencing any symptoms associated with lung problems or disorders such as asthma, respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD. A doctor would also use these tests to monitor and check whether a certain treatment prescribed for a lung disease or condition is working effectively. Pulmonary function tests are safe as they are non-invasive but it is important to follow the instructions of the doctor or technician before, after and during the test. It is important to make your doctor aware of any surgeries, respiratory infections, chest pains or heart attacks that you might have experienced before the test. If you are taking any medications you might need to follow the advice of the doctor as to whether you can take them before the test. Your doctor would also advice you on how to prepare for the test such as not eating a large meal, avoiding caffeine and wearing loose-fitting clothes. If you have any doubts, concerns or queries discuss them with your doctor.
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Asthma (Bronchial Asthma)

Dr. Sumit Wadhwa 87% (26 ratings)
DNB (General Medicine), Diploma In Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases (DTCD), MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Gurgaon
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Outdoor and Indoor Triggers of Asthma

10 Ways You Can Control Asthma!

Dr. Sumit Wadhwa 87% (26 ratings)
DNB (General Medicine), Diploma In Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases (DTCD), MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Gurgaon
10 Ways You Can Control Asthma!
You must not let the cold and dry air worsen your asthma symptoms. The air that blows during winter time greatly affects people with sinus and respiratory troubles, and all these factors contribute towards worsening asthma attacks. But thankfully, there are a few tips that can be followed to curb down asthma and enjoy a lovely winter. Washing your hands: Doing this frequently with soap and water is one of the easiest and most effective ways of avoiding the spread of cold and other diseases. You must also inculcate this habit among your children, and when you are outside, you should practice using a hand sanitiser and sanitising wipes. Getting a flu shot: The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises that all people over the age of 6 months should get their dose of the annual flu shot for protecting themselves against the flu virus. This will help keep your asthma in check. Avoid sitting by the fireplace: Though it sounds cozy, you should refrain from sitting by the fireside if you have asthma. Burning wood is quite similar to burning tobacco and it can irritate your lungs to a great extent. Keeping your mouth closed: Though most people are taught this since they were children, they tend to forget it or ignore it. Keeping the mouth opened is more than a social disgrace, and it even affects your lungs adversely. You can wear a scarf for covering up the nose and mouth as it would help in making the air you breathe warm. Replacing filters: The heating system of your home may be blowing out dust and debris throughout the house, particularly when you operate it after a long time in winter. Therefore, it is imperative to clean and check the condition of the filters and replace it if necessary. Exercising indoors: The days when it is bitterly cold outside, it is recommended to exercise indoors in a fitness club or a gym instead of a doing it in the open air. Warming up before exercising: People who are affected with asthma are able to recover faster and have a greater lung function after working out when they are warmed up. Therefore, you should try to warm up for at least 15 minutes before exercising. Preventing asthma flares: Before you head outside, take a dose of your asthma medication and your inhaler as these will help in opening the airways and give you the necessary protection. Having an asthma action plan: Regardless of whether it is summer or winter, you should be aware of what you should be doing in times when the symptoms flare-up. Taking your medications: Finally, you should work with your doctor towards understanding the cause and symptoms of your asthma conditions and follow his recommendations closely to avoid recurrence of such problems. With all these tips, you can expect to spend a happy winter. But if anything goes wrong, seek medical assistance immediately.
2530 people found this helpful

Increasing Asthma & Allergy In Children - What Should You Do?

Dr. Manish Sahu 90% (103 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Noida
Increasing Asthma & Allergy In Children - What Should You Do?
It is no longer so surprising to read about alarming air pollution levels in our cities. On more than one occasion, these levels have risen above the danger levels. For some people, this may simply create an annoying fog that makes it difficult to see. For others, it can cause serious health issues. Air pollution is one of the most common reasons for the growing instances of asthma and allergies. Children are most susceptible to such diseases caused by air pollution. Asthma and Allergies Asthma can affect children even before their fifth birthday and the condition is characterized by breathlessness caused by a constriction of the airways. While the root cause of asthma is unknown, it is usually seen that asthmatic patients are more sensitive to others to particles in the air such as pollutants, dander, dust, smoke etc. Thus, the airways construct as a reaction to these allergens. Changes in the weather, a sudden cold draft or the flu can also aggravate asthma. Can you Protect Your Children from Asthma? Wheezing, panting, finding it difficult to breathe and a persistent cough are some of the signs of asthma. If you notice these symptoms, you must consult a doctor immediately. At home, here are a few things you could do. Avoid exposing your children to smoke: Do not smoke around your children or allow others to smoke around them. If you cannot give up the habit, wear a smoking jacket when you smoke and take this off before you play with your children. When you ll go out, drive with the windows up so that your child does not inhale exhaust smoke. Set your air conditioner to circulate air within the car itself. Dust often: Try and keep your home as dust free as possible. Use a wet cloth to clean so that the dust does not fly in the air. Wash all your bed linen once a week. Carpets and rugs should be vacuumed regularly or dusted outside. It may also be a good idea to invest in dust mite impermeable covers for your child s mattress and pillows. Keep your Pets clean: If you share your home with pets, bathe them once a week and brush them daily. Do not let them climb on to the furniture or your beds. Also, avoid having their toys lie on your beds. Wear a face mask: Try and time your child s outdoor activities when the pollution levels are low. Buy yourself and your child a face mask that will filter the air they breathe in. These should be worn whenever they play outdoors. These simple steps could help your child be healthier and can prevent asthma and other such allergic reactions.
2647 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Want to know about asthma? What should we take in asthma, and should not take, how to prevent?

Dr. V.P. Bansal 90% (403 ratings)
MBBS, MD, DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Indore
ASTHMA SYMPTOMS - difficulty breathing, wheezing, breathing through the mouth, fast breathing, frequent respiratory infections, rapid breathing, or shortness of breath at night Certain foods, such as milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish, and food additives can trigger asthma symptoms. It is best to avoid these foods if they trigger an asthma attack. We have good homeopathic medicines for asthma, cold allergy and many other respiratory diseases. But the recurrency of your disease needs to be broken, which is possible only by constitutional homeopathic medicines. For this, we need to record all your physical as well as psychological symptoms, so that proper treatment is to be started then. So do book an online appointment for detailed case to be taken and treatment to be started as soon as possible.

I am suffering from allergic asthma. And white sticky cough comes not easily. Breathing.problems also. I want to cure Please suggest me in Lucknow in a function since a weak. please suggest me for instant relief with medicine.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 96% (18734 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, Monitor your weight, first, to check asthma causing breathlessness. Tk, homoeopathic medicine: @ Blatta orient Q -10 drops, thrice with little lukewarm water. Your diet be easily digestible on time to check gastric disorder that triggers breathlessness. Go for meditation to reduce your stress inorder to nourish your lungs to ease your problem. Avoid, junkfood, alcohol and Nicotine. Tk, care.

Hi, I am 70 years old an asthma patient for last two days cough. l have taken Pulmo clear but not getting any benefit previously it worked but not effective now.

Dr. Rushali Angchekar 95% (53876 ratings)
Homeopath, Sindhudurg
Hi. Homeopathy should be the treatment of choice for asthma and other allergies. It is safe and effective for all. It is important to note that asthma is a chronic complaint best treated by a qualified homeopath. Top listed Homeopathic medicines for asthma include Arsenic Album, Antimonium Tart, Spongia Tosta, Ipecac and Drosera Rotundifolia. No side effects. Course duration depends on severity, intensity and chronicity of complaints.

डॉक्टर सर् । मुजे एलर्जिकल अस्थमा की तकलीफ है। मैं को से डॉक्टर से सम्परग करु। please Refer.

Dr. Shreyas Bansal 90% (994 ratings)
MD Hom., Certificate in Food and Nutrition, BHMS, Diploma In Yoga, PGDM
Homeopath, Indore
We have good homeopathic medicines for allergic asthma, cold allergy and many other respiratory diseases. But the recurrency of your disease needs to be broken, which is possible only by constitutional homeopathic medicines. For this, we need to record all your physical as well as psychological symptoms, so that proper treatment is to be started then. So do book an online appointment for detailed case to be taken and treatment to be started as soon as possible.

डॉक्टर साहब नमस्कार, मेरी पत्नी को सांस लेने में दिक्कत होती है यह दिक्कत उनके पिताजी को भी थी अस्थमा की प्रॉब्लम थी उनको अब मेरी पत्नी को सांस लेने में दिक्कत हो रही है और दोनों पसलियों में दर्द रहता है खांसी जुखाम सर्दी बहुत जल्दी हो जाता है और शरीर भारी है लगभग 70 किलो वेट होगा उनका लंबाई 5 फुट के आसपास है तुम मुझे यह पता होना चाहिए यह बीमारी कौन सी है क्या एलोपैथिक में इसका इलाज है जो जड़ से खत्म हो जाए और चेहरा काला पड़ रहे हैं कृपया मुझे राय दें

Dr. Praveen S Sirisuru 92% (380 ratings)
General Physician,
Hi, you are telling that even your father had similar problem, Asthma,treatment is present, the problem runs in families, in winter the problem is severe, dyspnoeic, cough, will be subsided if you use drugs, nebulisation may be necessary, comsult pulmonologist, and if needed they will advice x-ray.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Asthma Attacks - Do You Think You Can Prevent Them?

Dr. Shobitha Rao Bhat 91% (62 ratings)
MD - Pulmonary Medicine, DAA (Allergy)
Pulmonologist, Mangalore
Plastic toys are bad for your child if he/she is suffering from asthma. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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133 people took this quiz

Asthma Attack - Stay Alert And You Can Prevent An Attack!

Dr. Prashant Saxena 89% (32 ratings)
MBBS, MD - TB & Chest, Fellowship Training Intensive Care, Fellow College of Chest physicians, European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine, Interventional Pulmonology , Greece, European Diploma in Intensive Care Medicine
Pulmonologist, Gurgaon
Watching a funny movie can end up giving you an asthma attack. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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165 people took this quiz

Asthma - Effective Ways It Can Be Controlled!

Dr. Rajesh Swarnakar 84% (10 ratings)
Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), Board Certified in Pulmonary Medicine, FCCP - Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Nagpur
The asthmatic patient is able to perform normal sports activities if he is taking the medication as prescribed. True or false. Take this quiz to know.
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45 people took this quiz

Tips to Prevent Asthma Attack

Dr. Milind M Kulkarni 90% (78 ratings)
Pulmonologist, Pune
Watching a funny movie could give you an asthma attack. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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1736 people took this quiz

Asthma Myths and Facts

Dr. Pradip Tawde 90% (819 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD)
Pulmonologist, Nanded
Did you know that more children get affected with asthma by air pollution than anything else? Take this quiz to test your knowledge about Asthma.
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5611 people took this quiz

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Asthma Attacks
Good morning, mera naam Dr Amol Bamane hai aur main Ayurveda ka founder hoon. Aj main aapko asthma ke bare mein information dene wala hoon. Uska causes, uske symptoms, aur uske kuch home remedies bhi mai dene wala hoon. First of all, asthma kya hain, ye air intake jo hum lete hai, lungs mein humare jo trachea rehta hai, woh contract ho jata hai, aur use air aane mein, lungs mein, pareshaani ho jaati hai. To uske wajah se asthma ho jaata hai. Toh iska symptoms hain- Breathlessness Pressure on chest Cough Yeh 3 symptoms hai asthma ke. Uske causes mainly 2 types hotey hai:- Allergic asthma Non-allergic asthma. Allergic asthma mein dust hai, smoke hain, drugs hai, pollution hai. Toh yeh factors uske liye causes hai. Non-allergic asthma k causes hai, fear, anxiety, stress, excessive consumption of processed food. Toh yeh saare causes hai non- allergic asthma ke liye. Asthma ke liye, home remedies bhi hai, jese ki: Aap saucer li jiye, mix kijiye aur ek kapre mein leke aap inhale kijiye isko, toh isse bhi aapko aaram mil jayga. Seeds lijiye aur usko 1 litre paani mein aap ubaliye 30 mins tak, aur liquid chhan ke lijiye aap. Uske baad us liquid mein 2 spoon aap ginger paste daaliye. Ginger paste daalne ke baad, usme aap 1 teaspoon honey daaliye. Aur yeh aap din mein 1 glass, ek baar jo yeh hai, glass mein paani, woh liquid, toh yeh aap lijiye. Yeh asthma ke liye bahuti achha hain, laabh dayak hai. Aap do chamach gooseberry liiye. Usse aap karsh ki jiye ache se, usme aap 1 chamach honey daaliye aur yeh aap din mein 1 baar lijiye aur issye bhi aapko asthma se bahut hi achha result mil jayga. Is Vishay mein adhiktam jaankari ke liye aap se hume sampark kar sakte hain, online consult bhi kar sakte hain.
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