The vibration of the respiratory structures and the resulting sound caused due to the obstruction in air movement during breathing while sleeping is called snoring. Snoring can be soft or loud and unpleasant. The main cause for snoring is the physical obstruction of the air flow through the nose and mouth.
Although snoring is a very common condition, many people think that it’s a condition that cannot be treated or will get treated on its own. However, there are a number of treatments for snoring depending on your condition and sleeping pattern. Decongestants are the most common medicine available in the market. Another common treatment is using nasal strips or external nasal dilator. A deviated septum, both natural and caused by injury, can also cause snoring. Surgery can be performed to correct the misalignment of the wall to treat this condition. You can also use oral appliances called dental mouthpiece which helps in keeping your air passage open. CPAP or continuous positive airway pressure machine is a pressurized mask that is also used to keep your airway open during sleep. Palatal implants and radio frequency tissue ablation (somnoplasty) are also used in some very rare cases. UPPP or uvulaplatopharyngoplasty that can also be laser assisted (LAUPPP) is a type of surgery that is also used to reduce snoring.
Decongestants are the most common and the first line of defense against snoring. It comes in both liquid and tablet which can be use as drop or can be taken orally. Nasal strip or external nasal dilators are adhesive bandages that are applied on top of the nose across the nostrils to increase the space in nasal passage. A simple surgery can help correct the deviated septum to treat the condition. Oral appliances or dental mouthpiece are also made according to the face structure that helps in keeping your air passage open. CPAP are pressurized masks that you can wear over your nose while sleeping. CPAP helps in keeping your airway open and is most often used to treat obstructive sleep apnea. Wearing palatal implants also called the pillar procedure are done by injecting braided strands of polyester filament into the soft palate of your mouth which stiffens and reduce snoring. Somnoplasty is done to reduce the tissue on your soft palate by using low intensity radio waves. UPPP is a surgery that is done to tighten your throat tissue which in turn reduces snoring. UPPP or uvulaplatopharyngoplasty can also be done by laser. The laser assisted uvulaplatopharyngoplasty is called LAUPPP.
Snoring is very common condition and can develop at any age due to a number of reasons. If you are experiencing loud and unpleasant snoring everyday then you must consult a doctor for treatment. Although snoring is treated as a minor condition but it can lead to other serious health issues such as obstructive sleep apnea or OSA.
If your snoring is not persistent and is due to some underlying condition such as allergies then you are not eligible to take medications for snoring. Excessive workload, alchohol, smoking and sleep inducing pills can also cause snoring but temporarily.
Decongestants used to cure snoring has almost no side effects. As for other mode of treatment such as dental mouthpiece, nasal dilator and CPAP that does not involve surgery are also very safe and have no possible side effects. As for surgical procedure such as somnoplasty, palatal implants, UPPP and LAUPPP there are some possible side effects that last for some days. Some of the most common side effects are bleeding from the surgical site, difficulty in swallowing, talking and breathing, uneasiness in mouth and affected area, sore throat and itchiness. These side effects don’t last for more than a couple of weeks.
The post treatment guidelines remains the same as for any surgical procedure. You should have total and complete rest along with a balanced and healthy diet. Along with that you should also avoid dust, talking for a long time, eating boiled foods and sleeping while keeping your head in an elevated position.
It totally depends on your condition and the mode of treatment. Some minor surgeries will only take a day before you are back to normal. While some complicated conditions and surgeries can take 2 to 3 months to recover. In some very extreme cases, the recovery time can also go up to 6 months.
The price of treatment in India depends on various factors such as your condition, your mode of treatment and the place you are living in. Medicines start at INR 100 and can go up to INR 400. As for complicated surgeries, I can range anywhere between INR 200000 to INR 400000.
The result of the treatment are mostly permanent. However in some cases there are chances of the condition developing again.
Homeopathy had several medications that can be used as an alternative for treating snoring. Some of the most common homeopathic medicines are Opium, Lemma minor, China, Kali sulph and nux vomica. Ayurvedic or herbal treatment can also be used for treating snoring. Some of the most effective herbal medications are ginger, honey, amla, wild yam and lemon.