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Laser - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A relatively new form of medical treatment, laser therapy makes use of focused light. The full form of LASER is light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. In this type of treatment, the light is effectively tuned, using specific wavelengths to create controlling beams.

As a form of medical treatment, the laser is used for precision, wherein specific areas of the body are subjected to the beam in order to prevent the surrounding area from damage. As compared to traditional forms of surgery, laser treatment results in less pain and faster recovery. But it can be expensive and multiple sessions may be necessary.

Laser therapy is used to treat a number of medical problems like-

  • Malignant or non-malignant tumors and polyps: They are either shrunk or completely destroyed.
  • Cancer symptoms
  • Kidney stones
  • Treat detached retina
  • Vision improvement
  • Nerve pain of the back

Laser treatment is also a popular cosmetic procedure, used to remove warts and birthmarks as well as sun spots. Laser treatment for hair removal is also very popular. Many individuals also opt for laser therapy to get rid of tattoos and wrinkles on the face.

How is the treatment done?

Before undergoing Laser Treatment one needs to ensure that they understand the implications of the therapy. Doubts and questions should be cleared with the doctor before undergoing the treatment. Pre-treatment planning should be done to ensure that someone is available to drive you home and you have enough time to recover thereafter.

Certain medications may be discontinued a few days prior to the commencement of the treatment process. This is done to prevent the effect of blood thinners.

The technique of laser therapy that is used for treatment generally depends on the problem that is being treated. For instance, in the case of laser therapy to treat a tumor, an endoscope is first inserted into the body to view the tumor. The laser is then aimed at the tumor and concentrated light beams are used to destroy or shrink the tumor.

In the case of cosmetic treatments, the laser is applied directly to the skin.

Different lasers are used to treat different medical conditions, for instance, carbon dioxide lasers treat superficial cancers. Skin cancer is an example of superficial cancer.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The eligibility for a particular type of laser surgery depends on various factors like age, sex, health and lifestyle as well as the cost of treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Laser therapy should be opted for after detailed consultation with the doctor. Depending on your age and health, he may or may not recommend the treatment. For example, young adults below the age of 18 years are generally not eligible for a laser eye surgery.

Are there any side effects?

Laser therapy does involve a few risk factors. For instance, skin laser therapy can result in bleeding, pain, redness of the skin, the onset of infection and even scarring.

Some types of laser treatments are done under the influence of anesthesia, which involves risk factors like pneumonia, sudden heart attack or stroke and extreme confusion after regaining consciousness.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post laser treatment, the guidelines for recovery are quite similar to other traditional forms of surgeries. Rest should be taken for the first few days after the treatment. Pain and swelling are common. Painkillers are generally prescribed to help deal with the discomfort.

Recovery time generally varies according to the procedure. Doctors’ advice should be strictly followed. In the case of skin laser therapy, the treated area should be cleaned with water. The ointment should be applied properly. Ice packs can be used for relief from discomfort and swelling.

How long does it take to recover?

Laser therapy generally involves multiple sessions, thus it takes a long period of time for recovery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Depending on the type of laser treatment one is seeking, it may cost between the range of Rs 1500- Rs 30000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are not quite permanent and multiple sessions may be required.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Traditional surgical procedures may be opted for instead of laser treatment.

Safety: Effectiveness: Timeliness: Relative Risk: Side Effects: Recovery Time: Price Range: Rs. 1500 - Rs. 30000

Popular Health Tips

Fractional Co2 Laser For Acne Scars!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Fractional Co2 Laser For Acne Scars!

Acne scars can be a very stubborn thing to get rid of. Additionally, this can also cause you to feel very conscious about your physical appearance. The best thing to do in such a scenario is to go for fractional Co2 laser treatment, which can remove your acne scars for good.

What is fractional Co2 laser treatment?

Fractional Co2 laser treatment is a kind of ablative laser procedure that helps in getting rid of thin layers of the skin. This mode of treatment reduces the appearance of acne scars along with wrinkles and fine lines. It can also work towards improving your skin tone by clearing out the acne scars and scars caused due to sun damage.

How can you prepare for a fractional Co2 laser treatment?

Before you go for a treatment like this, you will need to do a few things in order to prepare yourself for the procedure. This includes the following things-

• Consider your medical history - Prior to going for this treatment make sure that you consult your dermatologist. Inform him/her about your current medical condition and medical history, so that they can help you through the process.

• Go for a physical exam - A thorough physical examination will help your dermatologist ascertain the areas where your acne scars need to be removed. This will also help them determine to what degree the treatment should be carried out, in order to avoid any kind of adverse effects on the skin.

• Stay away from sun exposure - Make sure that you do not step out very often in the sun two months prior to the treatment. This might make you end up with unnecessary pigmentation on your skin. If you must, then always use sun protection before stepping out in the sun.

• Go for appropriate medicines - When you consult your dermatologist, he might give you a few oral medicines to avoid any potential complications. Such medications will help you avoid any kind of bacterial infection around the time of the procedure.

• Be sure - Finally, be sure yourself whether you want to go for this treatment or not. Keep in mind that fractional Co2 laser treatment is not dangerous by any means. As long as you are getting it done in a reputed hospital and by a reliable dermatologist, nothing will go wrong.

How is the treatment done?

Since this is an outpatient procedure, the surgeon will administer local anaesthesia to numb the affected area of your skin. After this, he/she will direct an intense beam of laser or light energy at the affected region to get rid of the epidermis (outer layer of the skin). The laser then heats up the dermis (underlying skin), which results in the collagen fibres shrinking. As your acne scars heal, new skin starts forming that is smoother and tighter in nature. This type of treatment normally takes 30 minutes to 2 hours, depending on the area of the affected region and the treatment technique.

Post-procedure, your skin will be itchy, swollen and raw but do not worry, because this is completely natural. Your dermatologist will cover the affected area with a thick coat of ointment, which will get rid of the redness, itchiness, and swelling. In order to handle the pain, you can apply ice packs to the treated region.

Fractional Co2 laser treatment might sound serious and scary, but in reality, it is not. Therefore, if you are someone who is looking to get rid of your stubborn acne scars, you can go for this procedure without a second thought.

Laser - How It Can Help Treat Acne Scars?

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Laser - How It Can Help Treat Acne Scars?

Once acne heals, it can leave behind acne scars that consist of clogged pores such as blackheads and whiteheads, deeper cysts and pimples

What can cause acne scars?
Acne causes inflammation and often results in wounds and damages to your skin, thus breaking down elastin and collagen. After the wounds heal, much of the collagen is left behind which causes acne scars. This makes your skin appear uneven. In addition, post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation (PIH) is also caused by acne. Consequently, there is overproduction of melanin, causing skin discoloration.

Why scar treatment?
If not treated on time, acne scaring may lead to extreme embarrassment, low self-esteem, depression and social withdrawal. Acne scars can be corrected by an acne dermatology treatment. .

Types of acne scars
Depending upon the depth and area of the damage caused to the skin, the acne scars may include rolling acne scars, boxcar acne scars, icepick acne scar and raised acne scars.

Acne Scar Removal
Firstly, the formation of new acne should be kept in check. Depending upon the characteristics of the skin and scars, scar removal is customized. If the scars are few and less aggressive, it can be treated by fillers that can be injected into your skin. If the scarring happens to be heavy and more aggressive, surgical treatment might be needed, one of which is the laser treatment.

Laser treatment of scars (Skin Surfacing)

  1. Fraxel Repairing is a part of the CO2 Laser treatment which removes the blemishes caused by acne, stretch marks and hyper-pigmentation. It stimulates your body’s natural ability to produce collagen, rejuvenates the cells and smoothens the surface of the skin.
  2. Active FX, also called MaxFX, is a fractional treatment by laser for treating loose skin, facial lines and hyper-pigmentation.
  3. Erbium is a type of laser used for the removal of moderately deep lines and superficial skin, surrounding the hands, face, chest and neck
  4. People with a darker skin tone should not go in for skin surfacing. For smaller areas, topical anesthetics are used and for larger ones, a nerve block or sedation is used.

Potential Complications
Potential side effects include a burning sensation, swelling, itching, scarring, obstruction of sweat glands causing raised bumps on the skin, infection or pigmentation issues.

After Care
You will have to get the area dressed, soaked, and apply an ointment daily till it heals completely.


5 people found this helpful

Laser Hair Removal For Men - Beard Shaping!

Fellow of ACSI , Fellow of IADVL , MD - Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Ghaziabad
Laser Hair Removal For Men - Beard Shaping!

Hair removal through the use of laser is slowing becoming exceedingly popular not only for women but also for men. Nowadays, a number of men look for permanent solution to get rid of unwanted hair on wide areas of the body. There are also some men, who opt for this laser treatment to use upon their faces. The reason being, they have become tired of shaving the same areas every single morning .

Men can make use of the laser hair removal to get rid of the burn from razor, eliminate the trouble of shaving and also get the chance to sculpt their beards in their desired style.

How Can Men Shape Up Their Beard with the Help of Laser Hair Removal?
Men do not always opt for laser hair removal in their faces to get rid of their beards, giving them a completely shaved look. Some only want to reduce the beard, so that it becomes easier for them to shave from the next time. Then there are some categories of men, who use this laser hair removal in order to get their beards neatly shaped. Through this they intend to grow facial hair in particular areas and get them removed from other parts.

Laser beard sculpting can help them get their desired look.

Beard Shaping includes:

  1. Hair getting removed only from the neck
  2. Specific lines might be created on the upper part of the beard
  3. Some men might look to get such treatment which would enable them to have their beards in the form of a goatee.

Some of the advantages related to beard shaping through laser hair removal are:

  1. Men would not require to carefully shave specific areas of their faces every single day while shaving
  2. Shaping up or sculpting the beard with laser hair removal gives a cleaner beard line, hence bringing up a more polished look on the faces.
  3. This procedure would also enable in reducing the thickness and coarseness of the hair of the beard of the person.
2875 people found this helpful

Laser Hair Removal- How To Prepare Your Skin Before The Procedure?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS, DNB (Dermatology)
Dermatologist, Pune
Laser Hair Removal- How To Prepare Your Skin Before The Procedure?

Excess hair growth or hair in unwanted parts of the body has always been a matter of concern for both women and men. Many people spend considerable amount of time trying to remove excess hair from face, chin, upper lips, legs, arms and other body parts with the help of conventional methods like shaving. In contrary to traditional hair removal methods, Laser Hair Removal is a new-age cosmetic treatment that works well for almost all your body parts (except around the eyes and eyelids). 

Laser hair removal uses concentrated laser beams on the area of your body from where you wish to remove excess hair. The treatment has gained immense popularity over the years, and is a preferred option for most people. Your skin type and hair color influences the results of your treatment. Ideally the pigment of your hair should absorb the laser beams. The light should only damage the hair follicle, and not your skin. 

Therefore a contrast between the color of your skin and hair will yield the best results. Before you opt for laser hair removal, you must prepare yourself for the procedure. Here are a few things you must keep in mind- 

  1. Avoid tanning for at least a month before the procedure. Laser hair removal targets the dark pigment or melanin in the hair shaft. So, the lighter your skin, better are the results. A tanned skin makes it difficult for the laser to pick on the hair pigment. So you must avoid tanning for at least a month before going for the treatment. Don’t forget to apply sunscreen before stepping out. If your work requires you to stay outdoor for long hours, use one with an SPF 30. 
  2. Refrain from waxing and bleaching. Other skin removal techniques like bleaching or waxing reduce the efficacy of laser treatment. Refrain from using depilatory creams for at least 2-3 weeks prior to your first treatment session. Threading or waxing should be stopped at least a month before the procedure. 
  3. Shave the area as instructed by the doctor. You’ll be recommended to shave the area only a day or two before the scheduled appointment so that small hair follicles are visible. Removing longer hair can be painful during the procedure and increase risk of side effects. Moreover, shaving at the eleventh hour may leave your skin irritated, broken and prone to reactions. 
  4. Excess hair growths can be due to a medical condition or genetics. Laser hair removal is the only method of eliminating unwanted hair growth permanently. Prior to the treatment you should consult a dermatologist and have your medical conditions reviewed so that you don’t end up with side effects.
7 people found this helpful

Laser Pigment Reduction- How Can It Help You Get That Flawless Skin?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS, DNB (Dermatology)
Dermatologist, Pune
Laser Pigment Reduction- How Can It Help You Get That Flawless Skin?

Everybody dreams of perfect flawless skin that will complement their personality and boost confidence. But owing to an unhealthy lifestyle and polluted environment, our skin gradually goes through wear and tear, and as a result gets damaged. Skin pigmentation can be embarrassing and annoying. Pigmentation refers to the lightening or darkening of your skin, appearance of brown pigments and dark spots. People who are exposed to the sun frequently are more likely to develop these spots on the face. These spots don’t fade easily and require professional aesthetic treatment. Skin pigmentation occurs due to excess production of melanin. The usual causes involve genetic disorders, ageing, overexposure to the sun, nutritional deficiencies and hormonal changes among others. As you age the texture of your skin changes and leaves you with dull, lifeless skin. 

Laser Pigmentation reduction – How it works 

Laser Pigment Reduction produces waves of laser beams (heat energy) to target specific pigmented areas. The laser is absorbed by the cells that have a higher concentration of melanin pigment. As a result only the targeted cells are damaged, and not the surrounding tissues. The main objectives of laser treatment for pigmentation are- To reduce existing pigmentation To give your skin a smooth and even-toned texture The treatment depends on the type of pigmentation and area affected. Any area on the body or face can be treated- face, neck, back, shoulder. These are the areas that are usually exposed to sunrays. For deep melasma pigmentation, laser treatment is the most preferred choice of treatment. 

Laser treatment for pigmentation is a very safe procedure to have your skin rejuvenated, so you need not worry about the side effects or complications. It is advisable to refrain from parkour activities and using makeup immediately after the treatment for few days. To know how you can benefit from this procedure, consult a dermatologist

5072 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I had fair complexion earlier. Now it's a bit dark due to facial maybe. Is there any cream or something to remove facial hair n improve complexion?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), Fellowship in Aesthetic and Cosmetic Surgery
Dermatologist, Pune
Yes you can apply creams and take tablets too. Undergo multiple treatments. Kindly consult online in details for the prescription and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

I am 21 years old. I have unwanted hair on my thies. initially it was less when I shaved it, it is increasing day by day. What I have to do now?

MBBS, Diploma in Dermatology, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Ghaziabad
Hair is common in thighs of men. With shaving, the thickness slightly increases at base. If you are interested in your hair becoming very fine with very less growth you should consider Laser Hair Reduction. You may show to a qualified dermatologist near you. Please avoid getting it done in saloons.
3 people found this helpful

How to remove dandruff from hair? Current situation of my hair is worse. I am using Ionax T scalp now. Please suggest a better medicine for dandruff in my hair thanks.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
You are suffering from androgenic alopecia which is also called as pattern baldness. The hairs start reducing in density at the crown (top) and also the hairline starts receeding from the front. This is usually progressive throughout life unless treated. It is usually accompanied by severe dandruff which we call seborrhoea. The FDA approved treatment for this condition is the best. No oil or cream will magically work because the hairs are getting miniaturised and eventually disappearing due to the hormonal effects of DHT on the hair roots. Please contact me with photos using online consult option for proper examination and treatment.
7 people found this helpful

Chest k baal kaise nikale taaki wo bahut der baad nikale till start to end kaise kare saaf aur konse chiss safe rahega please suggedt me.

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Thane
Laser hair removal would be a good option as it will permanently remove hair from that area. You will require sessions for the same.

Hiii I am having too much hairs on my face in last six months and acne scars I want to know if laser hair removal treatment safe for skin and is really effective?

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Hello, yes certainly it’s very effective, you have to undergo around 5 sittings, please ensure that the machine is of good quality. Good luck.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Laser Hair Reduction
Laser hair removal refers to a process in which special laser light is shone upon hair follicles. Pigments in the hair follicles soak up the light and this stops the hair from growing. There are several advantages as well and risks associated with laser hair removal treatment. Here is everything you need to know about laser hair removal.
Play video
Laser Hair Reduction
In modern times, hair removal has become very common. Most people get a hair removal done for fashion reasons, although hair removal is extremely hygienic as well. The common hair removal methods are waxing, shaving or tweezing. The latest and most effective hair removal method is laser hair removal.
Play video
Laser Hair Removal
Laser hair removal is one of the most commonly done cosmetic procedures. It beams highly concentrated light into hair follicles. Pigment in the follicles absorb the light. That destroys the hair.
Play video
Laser Hair Reduction: Answers To Your Every Question!
Hello Everyone,

Dr Anvika here the Dermatologist practicing in Delhi and today we are going to talk about the most commonly done cosmetic procedures across the globe that is Laser hair reduction, very first I am going to demonstrate the steps and secondly I am going to answer all the frequently asked questions about the same. So today we have a beautiful lady with us who wants to get rid of the unwanted upper lips hair, very first we are going to mark the region where she wants to get rid of it. So here I mark the region, secondly we shave the hair on the concern region, I am just opening the new blade for her. So we shave the region. Third step we take the eye protection for the patient. Now we use the US FDA approved lasers and we set up the laser setting according to the patient skin colour, hair colour and the hair type. Now finally we setup the energy parameters of the laser according to the patients skin colour, hair colour and the hair thickness. Now I set up the energy setups and now I will start with the laser shots. We will start for the laser shots now, so where I place my laser and I start giving the shots. So as you can see, as soon as we finish the procedure there is mild redness and swelling which goes off in 2 to 10 minutes and the patient is ready to go back home. So how does Laser hair reduction work? We all know that black colour absorbs light. Similarly the black colour of the hair absorbs the laser light gets heated up and gets kill. This is how laser hair reduction work. Now, how many sessions are required? Everybody requires around 8 sessions done its 4-6 weeks interval to get the desired results. And how much time does each section take? That depends upon the area, suppose if you are getting the upper lips done, it hardly takes 5 minutes, under arms 5 minutes, the full arms might take half an hour, full body takes around 2 to 3 hours per session. Is it really safe? Well Laser hair reduction is an extremely safe procedure provided, done using only US FDA approved lasers and not by using the Chinese and the Korean lasers and provide it done under a doctor s supervision, who has a complete knowledge of the lasers. Are the results very prominent? Well once you have killed the hair of the skin, skin will definitely try to renew the lost hair. So the maintenance sessions are the frequency of once in a year are really required to maintain the results, that is whatever the hair the skin has regenerative you kill it there and then every year, so if one is regular with the maintenance session the results are permanent.
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Carbon Laser Peel Treatment
Carbon Laser Peel: What You Need To Know?
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice