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Overview

Laser - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A relatively new form of medical treatment, laser therapy makes use of focused light. The full form of LASER is light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. In this type of treatment, the light is effectively tuned, using specific wavelengths to create controlling beams.

As a form of medical treatment, the laser is used for precision, wherein specific areas of the body are subjected to the beam in order to prevent the surrounding area from damage. As compared to traditional forms of surgery, laser treatment results in less pain and faster recovery. But it can be expensive and multiple sessions may be necessary.

Laser therapy is used to treat a number of medical problems like-

  • Malignant or non-malignant tumors and polyps: They are either shrunk or completely destroyed.
  • Cancer symptoms
  • Kidney stones
  • Treat detached retina
  • Vision improvement
  • Nerve pain of the back

Laser treatment is also a popular cosmetic procedure, used to remove warts and birthmarks as well as sun spots. Laser treatment for hair removal is also very popular. Many individuals also opt for laser therapy to get rid of tattoos and wrinkles on the face.

How is the treatment done?

Before undergoing Laser Treatment one needs to ensure that they understand the implications of the therapy. Doubts and questions should be cleared with the doctor before undergoing the treatment. Pre-treatment planning should be done to ensure that someone is available to drive you home and you have enough time to recover thereafter.

Certain medications may be discontinued a few days prior to the commencement of the treatment process. This is done to prevent the effect of blood thinners.

The technique of laser therapy that is used for treatment generally depends on the problem that is being treated. For instance, in the case of laser therapy to treat a tumor, an endoscope is first inserted into the body to view the tumor. The laser is then aimed at the tumor and concentrated light beams are used to destroy or shrink the tumor.

In the case of cosmetic treatments, the laser is applied directly to the skin.

Different lasers are used to treat different medical conditions, for instance, carbon dioxide lasers treat superficial cancers. Skin cancer is an example of superficial cancer.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The eligibility for a particular type of laser surgery depends on various factors like age, sex, health and lifestyle as well as the cost of treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Laser therapy should be opted for after detailed consultation with the doctor. Depending on your age and health, he may or may not recommend the treatment. For example, young adults below the age of 18 years are generally not eligible for a laser eye surgery.

Are there any side effects?

Laser therapy does involve a few risk factors. For instance, skin laser therapy can result in bleeding, pain, redness of the skin, the onset of infection and even scarring.

Some types of laser treatments are done under the influence of anesthesia, which involves risk factors like pneumonia, sudden heart attack or stroke and extreme confusion after regaining consciousness.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post laser treatment, the guidelines for recovery are quite similar to other traditional forms of surgeries. Rest should be taken for the first few days after the treatment. Pain and swelling are common. Painkillers are generally prescribed to help deal with the discomfort.

Recovery time generally varies according to the procedure. Doctors’ advice should be strictly followed. In the case of skin laser therapy, the treated area should be cleaned with water. The ointment should be applied properly. Ice packs can be used for relief from discomfort and swelling.

How long does it take to recover?

Laser therapy generally involves multiple sessions, thus it takes a long period of time for recovery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Depending on the type of laser treatment one is seeking, it may cost between the range of Rs 1500- Rs 30000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are not quite permanent and multiple sessions may be required.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Traditional surgical procedures may be opted for instead of laser treatment.

Safety: Effectiveness: Timeliness: Relative Risk: Side Effects: Recovery Time: Price Range: Rs. 1500 - Rs. 30000

Popular Health Tips

Laser Skin Tightening Treatment - Why Go For It?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Aesthetic Medicine Specialist, Kanpur
Laser Skin Tightening Treatment - Why Go For It?

With increasing age, our body and skin starts to loose it's original tenacity and texture. Individuals in their mid 40s and upwards have the effects on aging well visible on them. Therefore they tend to look for solutions which will help them to recover their original skin smoothness and texture back. One such aesthetic treatment is Laser skin tightening treatment. It is a very popular method, with thousands of individuals, both men and women undergoing the procedure to tighten their skin which makes them to look better and less aged.

What is laser skin tightening treatment?

Laser skin tightening treatment involves the proper and medicated use of infrared lasers to tighten the human skin, which is possible by heating up the collagen underneath our skin’s surface resulting in the skin to go tight. This helps to get rid of laggy skin, wrinkles and other aging related skin effects. It is a non-surgical process and the effects are seen almost immediately within minutes or hours.

Benefits of the treatment

  • You might be wondering what are the benefits that you will get if you undergo such a procedure and even feel nervous because of the method it follows.
  • Those who undergo the treatment, tend to see the results within a matter of minutes after the process is conducted.
  • The skin retains back it's original texture and tactile nature.
  • The skin gets even more tight after a few weeks and months making the individual look younger than his or her age.
  • The entire process does not involve any kind of injections or cut, which makes it absolutely painless.
  • The use of laser is swift and efficient, making the patient feel much confident and less fearful during it.
  • The laser treatment, being a nonsurgical treatment, does not involve any side effects or recovery. It is minimally evasive when compared to other treatments.
  • More than that, it is much cheaper than extensive surgical treatments.
  • So as you can see that there are a lot of benefits which you get when you opt for a laser tightening treatment, to give yourself a new makeover.

However, even though the process does not involve any risk, you should always consult a specialist doctor about whether it is safe for you to conduct the treatment or not. You should never incline towards the risk of doing it without consultation. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2688 people found this helpful

Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation - When Is It Required?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation - When Is It Required?

With menopause comes a steep decline in the levels of estrogen in the body. This deficiency of estrogen can lead to various physical changes in the vagina and the urinary tract. These changes can have adverse effects on the sexual health and well-being of women. Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation therapy aims to remedy these changes and improve sexual function and the quality of life in women.

Why do you need it?
A decrease in the levels of estrogen can cause dryness of the vagina, skin irritation and burning sensations. It can also cause problems with the urinary tract which includes urinary incontinence, painful urination and infections. The irregularity in the levels of estrogen due to pregnancy and child birth can also cause vaginal discomfort and painful sexual intercourse due to a lack of lubrication. Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation therapy provides estrogen treatment in localized regions to counteract these physical changes.

How is it done?
Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation therapy uses a CO2 fractional laser which acts gently on the walls of the vaginal through a scanner. It forms micro-lesions on the treated areas which help in collagen production. It equilibrates and organizes the various components of the urogenital structures and vaginal mucosa.

2-3 treatment sessions that occur 4-6 weeks apart is usually recommended, followed by an annual treatment. You can resume your daily activities after a day or two.

What are the benefits?
Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation helps nourish and hydrate the vaginal mucosa. It tones and strengthens the epithelium making it thicker and more elastic. It helps maintain the ph balance of the vagina. It also helps reduce the risks of infections by maintaining the natural protective barrier of the vagina. The vaginal tissues are enhanced by the therapy at the urethral aperture. This helps treat the problems with urinary tract which include urinary incontinence and painful urination.

It also helps improve sexual activity by heightening sexual arousal, response and enhances the chances of an orgasm.

The results of this treatment are immediately distinguishable and improve subsequently. Although it is advised that sexual intercourse be avoided for 3-4 post the treatment.

2782 people found this helpful

Hyperpigmentation And Hypopigmentation - How Best It Can Be Managed?

MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology & Venerology & Leprosy (DDVL), DNB Dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Hyperpigmentation And Hypopigmentation - How Best It Can Be Managed?

Hyperpigmentation can be defined as the condition in which excess production of melanin causes the appearance of blemishes and dark spots on skin. Hormonal changes, too much of sun exposure, acne and faulty skin treatment are some of the factors which trigger hyperpigmentation of skin.

Treating hyperpigmentation:
Many dermatologists recommend IPL or Intense Pulse Light Treatment as one of the most effective remedies for hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels like phenol peel or TCA peel and laser peel are also very effective against skin pigmentation. However, there are also some simple and easy home-remedies which can help you get rid of the skin blemishes.

  1. Application of raw lemon juice on the skin surface helps to bleach the skin and minimize the dark spots. Raw potato also works well against blemishes and dark spots.
  2. The enzyme called ‘catecholase’ present in potato helps in lightening the skin tone by removal of spots.
  3. You can prepare a mask out of a few Vitamin E capsules and apply it on skin.
  4. Just mix the contents of 2-3 capsules with a spoonful of castor oil and apply it on your face before going to bed.
  5. Apple cider vinegar, aloe vera and turmeric are also some very popular home remedies which can minimize the effects of hyperpigmentation.
  6. Apart from these, you can also make use of topical skin lightening creams which contain retinoid, Vitamin C, kojic acid and hydroquinone.

Hypopigmentation
Hypopigmentation is a condition where there is a reduction in the normal amount of melanin in skin. Some of the most common causes of hypopigmentation are burns, illness and injury. This condition which is marked by a loss of skin coloring is more common in people with darker skin tone.

  1. Topical ointments like TriLuma and Hydroquinone are very effective against hypopigmentation. They help to even out the skin tone by bleaching the entire skin surface.
  2. Ginger is known to have excellent effects against hypopigmentation. Recent research has established that the application of ginger root can help you get rid of all the hypo-pigmented scars. Take some grated ginger root and dab it on the affected area. Repeat this twice a day for the quickest results.
  3. IPL or Intense Pulse Light Treatment is often prescribed by dermatologists as a remedy for hypopigmentation.
  4. Chemical peels and microdermabrasion are also known to have some beneficial effects.

However, some cases of hypopigmentation are totally unresponsive to medications. In such cases, the best option is to hide the de-pigmented area with some sort of makeup. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3703 people found this helpful

Q-Switched Laser For Laser Toning & Photo Facial - How It Can Help?

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Q-Switched Laser For Laser Toning & Photo Facial - How It Can Help?

Over the past few years, the use of Q-switched laser technique for removing brown spots from the skin has gained popularity. This procedure is used for laser skin treatments like laser skin toning and photo facial and has been observed to offer dramatic results. Whether it’s the sun freckles or the unwanted brown spots on the facial skin, the billionths of seconds laser energy pulse that that is projected on the skin, known as the Q-switched laser, release the skin pigment in such a way that it gets naturally reabsorbed by the body, which leads to its natural disposal.

Q-switched laser for photo facial
The term photo facial refers to a skin treatment, where light-based technology is used in order to treat the brown spots on the skin, eliminate broken capillaries and boost the collagen production. And when the Q-switched laser is used for photo facial, it makes the laser treatment more ideal for people suffering from skin issues like discolored spots, freckles, fine lines, etc. Q-switched photo facial is considered to be effective against sun spots on areas like the legs, chest, arms and other broader skin areas as well.

Q-switched laser for laser toning
Laser toning is another light-based treatment procedure that is known for its effectiveness in correcting the most stubborn of acne spots, sun spots and skin conditions like melisma that interferes with the pigmentation of the skin. The Q-switched laser for laser toning refers to the use of Q-switched lasers for skin rejuvenation. In this procedure, multiple passes of the Q-Switched laser are passed through the large spotted skin areas, to remove the blemishes. The procedure also gives you brighter and tighter skin post the process. So, you get numerous benefits from one method.

Benefits of Q-switched laser
The significant advantage of Q-switched laser for photo facial as well as laser toning is that one single treatment can remove more than 75% of the dark and brown spots. Depending on the skin condition of the patient, one may need to opt for more than two or three Q-switched laser treatments in order to get the desired skin tone that is completely even and flawless.
One must remember, that Q-switched laser treatments may not be ideal for people who have recently taken any skin treatment medications such as Accutane or women who are pregnant. So, check if you are the ideal candidate for the procedure with your physician and seek expert assistance to proceed with the treatment to achieve the desired outcome without a glitch.
 

2615 people found this helpful

Laser Hair Reduction - Why You Should Prefer It Over Others?

MD, D.V.D, MBBS
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Laser Hair Reduction - Why You Should Prefer It Over Others?

Excessive hair growth can be extremely unpleasant and lead to a host of cosmetic problems. One can experience this growth on the face, hands, legs, underarms, bikini line, or neck, but regardless for the place, we are always on a lookout for options to get rid of them. The glowing, smooth skin that stares at us from hoardings has changed the trends, and with advances in medical technology, this is possible too. It is not only reserved for page 3 celebrities or models and movie stars. While there are various options available for hair removal, most prefer laser, and of course, with very valid reasons.

Read on to know five reasons why laser is preferred over other hair removal techniques.

  1. Painless: Only those who have gone through the ordeal of waxing know how painful it is. Whether it is cold or hot wax, having it applied on the skin and then having the hair pulled out is definitely not-a-very-pleasant experience. While it is dreaded, it also is an option to get rid of unwanted hair. So, when laser is available, it definitely sounds like a painless dream. And what more, when you wake up, you have smooth, glowing skin free of the unwanted hair growth.
  2. More natural compared to other methods: Waxing pulls out the hair that is seen above the skin. While shaving leaves follicles behind but the laser works differently. It gets to the follicular level and destroys these follicles, which are responsible for the hair growth in the first place. This makes it a more natural and better way to get rid of unwanted hair, than just removing what is visible to the naked eye.
  3. Longer-lasting: After a round of waxing, most women start wondering when the small spikes of hair start appearing again. The same happens with shaving too. With laser, this re-growth takes some time and so it is almost a few weeks before the hair starts growing back. Because they act on the follicles, it will take a while for new follicles to form, which can again grow hair. Laser sessions are always repeated, as the intention is to get rid of all follicles so that hair reduction is permanent. In women who do not have too much hair, they can go up to months without having to go for a repeat session.
  4. Cost-effective: Whether it is the hair removal creams or the regular waxing, laser works out more cost-effective than the other techniques in the long run.
  5. Hair treatment in between sessions: With shaving and threading, you have to wait for hair growth before going for the next session. With laser, that is no issue at all. Go ahead with the next session, even when there is no hair growth. For women who are worried about skin changes with the weather, the treatment can start in winter and end by summer, thereby reducing exposure to the sun.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2563 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

As per our last meeting, I want to undergo laser Hair treatment for removing unwanted body hair. Please suggest the needful.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Bhubaneswar
Yes you can go for laser assisted hair removal but one thing you should remember your unwanted hair need to be shaved only just before the treatment as we need hair roots for laser treatment.
15 people found this helpful

I am willing to go for instance brilliance laser tanning .before that I am willing to know pros cons as my skin is clear with out any pours, pimples etc. But forehead part is bit darken .I am 29 years old. So I am willing to know shall I go for this or not .thank you.

MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. The scars and the pigmentation on the face are treatable. It's better to get it examined first so that we can identify the type of skin, scars and if they are hyper pigmented, atrophic or ice pick scars. The treatment are of various kind like ranging from simple scrubs and mild peels for the face to the major interventions such as laser therapy, dermaroller, subcision or peeling. These depend on the type of the scars and which kind you opt for. You can consult me online or text me with pictures for further details.

Hi, I have unwanted hair on my face and some part of body. Please suggest the solution remove unwanted hair. Is there any home remedies which I can try. Also provide solution for to remove dandruff.

MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. Definitely you can get it removed with lasers. But you have to be compliant and patient to get the complete 6-8 sittings, regularly. Cost of each sitting may vary from 2k to 8k, depending upon the extent of hair. U can contact me for more details regarding the same.

I am a badminton player my age is 17 and I need some guidance to improve my self regarding sports. Can you suggest me some gym exercises with routine. I have one more question that is I have lots of hairs on my body which cause me uncomfortable and hairy, is there any solution to remove my body hair for permanent or temporary or daily basis?

MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. Definitely you can get it removed with lasers. But you have to be compliant and patient to get the complete 6-8 sittings, regularly. Cost of each sitting may vary from 2k to 8k, depending upon the extent of hair. U can contact me for more details regarding the same.

I'm age 20 of female. I have unwanted facial hair. I consulted doctor that he said you r perfect. I used some hair removal creams that's why the hair growth increasing. Can I get laser hair removal at this age. Is there any side effects for laser treatment for facial hair. Please help me. Thank you.

MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. Definitely you can get it removed with lasers. But you have to be compliant and patient to get the complete 6-8 sittings, regularly. Cost of each sitting may vary from 2k to 8k, depending upon the extent of hair. U can contact me for more details regarding the same.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Laser Hair Removal
Laser hair removal is one of the most commonly done cosmetic procedures. It beams highly concentrated light into hair follicles. Pigment in the follicles absorb the light. That destroys the hair.
Play video
Laser Hair Removal
With new technology and innovation, the unwanted hair can disappear and leave you more comfortable with smooth, shiny skin and with confidence.Many methods can be adopted for Laser Hair Removal.
Play video
Laser Hair Reduction: Answers To Your Every Question!
Hello Everyone,

Dr Anvika here the Dermatologist practicing in Delhi and today we are going to talk about the most commonly done cosmetic procedures across the globe that is Laser hair reduction, very first I am going to demonstrate the steps and secondly I am going to answer all the frequently asked questions about the same. So today we have a beautiful lady with us who wants to get rid of the unwanted upper lips hair, very first we are going to mark the region where she wants to get rid of it. So here I mark the region, secondly we shave the hair on the concern region, I am just opening the new blade for her. So we shave the region. Third step we take the eye protection for the patient. Now we use the US FDA approved lasers and we set up the laser setting according to the patient skin colour, hair colour and the hair type. Now finally we setup the energy parameters of the laser according to the patients skin colour, hair colour and the hair thickness. Now I set up the energy setups and now I will start with the laser shots. We will start for the laser shots now, so where I place my laser and I start giving the shots. So as you can see, as soon as we finish the procedure there is mild redness and swelling which goes off in 2 to 10 minutes and the patient is ready to go back home. So how does Laser hair reduction work? We all know that black colour absorbs light. Similarly the black colour of the hair absorbs the laser light gets heated up and gets kill. This is how laser hair reduction work. Now, how many sessions are required? Everybody requires around 8 sessions done its 4-6 weeks interval to get the desired results. And how much time does each section take? That depends upon the area, suppose if you are getting the upper lips done, it hardly takes 5 minutes, under arms 5 minutes, the full arms might take half an hour, full body takes around 2 to 3 hours per session. Is it really safe? Well Laser hair reduction is an extremely safe procedure provided, done using only US FDA approved lasers and not by using the Chinese and the Korean lasers and provide it done under a doctor s supervision, who has a complete knowledge of the lasers. Are the results very prominent? Well once you have killed the hair of the skin, skin will definitely try to renew the lost hair. So the maintenance sessions are the frequency of once in a year are really required to maintain the results, that is whatever the hair the skin has regenerative you kill it there and then every year, so if one is regular with the maintenance session the results are permanent.
Play video
Carbon Laser Peel Treatment
Carbon Laser Peel: What You Need To Know?
Play video
Laser For Birthmarks
Hi,

I am Dr PK Talwar, cosmetic surgeon, I have been doing cosmetic surgery for last 28 years and we were among the first ones who introduced Laser hair removal in India and then Laser for birthmarks in India.

When we talk about the birthmarks, the laser for birthmarks there are basically commonest two kinds of birthmarks one is black birthmark like you seen Nevus of Ota or Becker s Nevus and second is vascular birthmarks, like port wine stains or then port wine stains that is very common it is also known as hemangioma, hemangioma are different kinds and different kinds of hemangiomas are treated by different laser-like pulsed dye laser, long pulsed ND-YAG etc. Now coming to the first part that is the black birthmarks, so commonest which we are getting is Nevus of Ota in this there is pigment on one side or both side of faces in certain cases and even in the conjunctiva. This can be very disheartening to a patient, when I introduced this laser initially I tried in 2003 I had a young beautiful lady who had the birthmark on the face one side of the face and she has around 30 years of age but by the time she came to me she was already divorced because of the problem of the birthmark. We gave her 10 to 12 sittings and the birthmark Nevus of Ota 95% or you can be gone and she was very happy, only regret she has was Dr. Talwar I should have come to you earlier, but I told her it is not possible because the laser has come recently so even she had come to me earlier we could not her done anything. So that is one of the cases which is still I remember because it was my one of the first cases and I think best possible results the patient is very very grateful and now we have been treating this kind of problem very commonly Nevus of Ota the results have been very good. The same lasers actually this is Q switch laser, the black pigmentation, now the same laser can be used for freckles, for removal of the tattoos and this Becker s Nevus etc. So the other birthmarks are vascular birthmarks which we call it Port wine stain and the pulsed dye laser is used for that, 2 sittings for black pigments pulsed dye laser is for the vascular or the red birthmarks. Now the difference between these lasers is that the wavelength is different pulsed dye laser is one of the most expensive lasers to buy and the most expensive lasers to maintain, but the results are very rewarding with pulsed dye laser, other modalities are not good as that but pulsed dye laser is the treatment for port wine stain and red birthmarks and we can expect in such cases 70% improvement. We had many patients who have got it done and they are very grateful, we can do Rosacea, Rinofima or facial veins, spider veins etc. we can treat them and patients are really very very happy. So I think the medical science is evolving and the day will come, we will be able to treat 100% of such patients and I suggest strongly that don't go to coeliac because I had a patient with the red birthmark and she went to a coeliac and he applied some sort of acid or what and they burnt the skin. Go to a qualified plastic surgeon or a qualified Dermatologist who is having pulsed dye laser then only you get it done otherwise no and the best wavelength for that is pulsed dye laser is 595 nanometers.

Thank you very much.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice