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Overview

Laser - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A relatively new form of medical treatment, laser therapy makes use of focused light. The full form of LASER is light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. In this type of treatment, the light is effectively tuned, using specific wavelengths to create controlling beams.

As a form of medical treatment, the laser is used for precision, wherein specific areas of the body are subjected to the beam in order to prevent the surrounding area from damage. As compared to traditional forms of surgery, laser treatment results in less pain and faster recovery. But it can be expensive and multiple sessions may be necessary.

Laser therapy is used to treat a number of medical problems like-

  • Malignant or non-malignant tumors and polyps: They are either shrunk or completely destroyed.
  • Cancer symptoms
  • Kidney stones
  • Treat detached retina
  • Vision improvement
  • Nerve pain of the back

Laser treatment is also a popular cosmetic procedure, used to remove warts and birthmarks as well as sun spots. Laser treatment for hair removal is also very popular. Many individuals also opt for laser therapy to get rid of tattoos and wrinkles on the face.

How is the treatment done?

Before undergoing Laser Treatment one needs to ensure that they understand the implications of the therapy. Doubts and questions should be cleared with the doctor before undergoing the treatment. Pre-treatment planning should be done to ensure that someone is available to drive you home and you have enough time to recover thereafter.

Certain medications may be discontinued a few days prior to the commencement of the treatment process. This is done to prevent the effect of blood thinners.

The technique of laser therapy that is used for treatment generally depends on the problem that is being treated. For instance, in the case of laser therapy to treat a tumor, an endoscope is first inserted into the body to view the tumor. The laser is then aimed at the tumor and concentrated light beams are used to destroy or shrink the tumor.

In the case of cosmetic treatments, the laser is applied directly to the skin.

Different lasers are used to treat different medical conditions, for instance, carbon dioxide lasers treat superficial cancers. Skin cancer is an example of superficial cancer.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The eligibility for a particular type of laser surgery depends on various factors like age, sex, health and lifestyle as well as the cost of treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Laser therapy should be opted for after detailed consultation with the doctor. Depending on your age and health, he may or may not recommend the treatment. For example, young adults below the age of 18 years are generally not eligible for a laser eye surgery.

Are there any side effects?

Laser therapy does involve a few risk factors. For instance, skin laser therapy can result in bleeding, pain, redness of the skin, the onset of infection and even scarring.

Some types of laser treatments are done under the influence of anesthesia, which involves risk factors like pneumonia, sudden heart attack or stroke and extreme confusion after regaining consciousness.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post laser treatment, the guidelines for recovery are quite similar to other traditional forms of surgeries. Rest should be taken for the first few days after the treatment. Pain and swelling are common. Painkillers are generally prescribed to help deal with the discomfort.

Recovery time generally varies according to the procedure. Doctors’ advice should be strictly followed. In the case of skin laser therapy, the treated area should be cleaned with water. The ointment should be applied properly. Ice packs can be used for relief from discomfort and swelling.

How long does it take to recover?

Laser therapy generally involves multiple sessions, thus it takes a long period of time for recovery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Depending on the type of laser treatment one is seeking, it may cost between the range of Rs 1500- Rs 30000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are not quite permanent and multiple sessions may be required.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Traditional surgical procedures may be opted for instead of laser treatment.

Safety: Effectiveness: Timeliness: Relative Risk: Side Effects: Recovery Time: Price Range: Rs. 1500 - Rs. 30000

Popular Health Tips

Laser Pigment Reduction- How Can It Help You Get That Flawless Skin?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS, DNB (Dermatology)
Dermatologist, Pune
Laser Pigment Reduction- How Can It Help You Get That Flawless Skin?

Everybody dreams of perfect flawless skin that will complement their personality and boost confidence. But owing to an unhealthy lifestyle and polluted environment, our skin gradually goes through wear and tear, and as a result gets damaged. Skin pigmentation can be embarrassing and annoying. Pigmentation refers to the lightening or darkening of your skin, appearance of brown pigments and dark spots. People who are exposed to the sun frequently are more likely to develop these spots on the face. These spots don’t fade easily and require professional aesthetic treatment. Skin pigmentation occurs due to excess production of melanin. The usual causes involve genetic disorders, ageing, overexposure to the sun, nutritional deficiencies and hormonal changes among others. As you age the texture of your skin changes and leaves you with dull, lifeless skin. 

Laser Pigmentation reduction – How it works 

Laser Pigment Reduction produces waves of laser beams (heat energy) to target specific pigmented areas. The laser is absorbed by the cells that have a higher concentration of melanin pigment. As a result only the targeted cells are damaged, and not the surrounding tissues. The main objectives of laser treatment for pigmentation are- To reduce existing pigmentation To give your skin a smooth and even-toned texture The treatment depends on the type of pigmentation and area affected. Any area on the body or face can be treated- face, neck, back, shoulder. These are the areas that are usually exposed to sunrays. For deep melasma pigmentation, laser treatment is the most preferred choice of treatment. 

Laser treatment for pigmentation is a very safe procedure to have your skin rejuvenated, so you need not worry about the side effects or complications. It is advisable to refrain from parkour activities and using makeup immediately after the treatment for few days. To know how you can benefit from this procedure, consult a dermatologist

5071 people found this helpful

EVLT Endovenous Laser Treatment For Varicose Veins!

M.Ch - Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Nashik
EVLT Endovenous Laser Treatment For Varicose Veins!

It is said that if all the veins of the human body were laid out in a single line, it would stretch over 60000 miles. We don’t usually think of our veins or notice them unless an intravenous injection is to be administered or the person suffers from varicose veins. These veins are usually benign and can be described as enlarged veins that rise to the surface, and become prominently visible. The varicose veins can usually be seen on the feet and calves. For most people, it is simply a cosmetic problem but for others it can be the cause of pain and discomfort. The good news is that in either case, varicose veins can be treated.

EVLT refers to Endovenous Laser Therapy, which is also known as EVLA or Endovenous Laser Ablation. This is a type of laser therapy that can be used to destroy veins from within. The procedure is performed while the patient is under local anesthesia and hospitalization is not required. Know the steps in which it is carried out:

  • The first stage involves mapping the veins and identifying the problem veins. A Duplex Ultrasound is usually used to create this map. It is important to note that this procedure cannot treat bulging veins on the surface of the skin. The veins that can be treated include the Great Saphenous Vein (GSV), Small Saphenous Vein (SSV) and their major tributaries.
  • Once the veins have been identified a needle is inserted into the vein near the ankle or knee with the help of ultrasound controls. A wire is then passed into the vein and a long sheath is then passed to the top, and positioned with the help of the ultrasound.
  • Ultrasound is again used to then inject local anesthetic into the area around the vein. This numbs the vein and surrounding tissue. The adrenaline in it also makes the vein contract, so as to fit the sheath perfectly. This technique is called ‘Tumescent anesthesia’.
  • This is followed by passing a laser fiber inside the sheath and switching the laser on. The laser and sheath are then pulled back simultaneously so as to destroy the vein without damaging any of the surrounding tissues.

Once done, you should be able to get back to work and your normal lifestyle, the day after the surgery. But it is advisable to take good rest for few days, before you get back to your regular routine. Your doctor may advise you to wear compression stockings for up to 2 weeks. You should also avoid letting your legs come in contact with water. To avoid getting varicose veins in future, exercise regularly and have a balanced diet to control your weight.


 

2024 people found this helpful

Laser Skin Tightening Treatment - Why Go For It?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Aesthetic Medicine Specialist, Kanpur
Laser Skin Tightening Treatment - Why Go For It?

With increasing age, our body and skin starts to loose it's original tenacity and texture. Individuals in their mid 40s and upwards have the effects on aging well visible on them. Therefore they tend to look for solutions which will help them to recover their original skin smoothness and texture back. One such aesthetic treatment is Laser skin tightening treatment. It is a very popular method, with thousands of individuals, both men and women undergoing the procedure to tighten their skin which makes them to look better and less aged.

What is laser skin tightening treatment?

Laser skin tightening treatment involves the proper and medicated use of infrared lasers to tighten the human skin, which is possible by heating up the collagen underneath our skin’s surface resulting in the skin to go tight. This helps to get rid of laggy skin, wrinkles and other aging related skin effects. It is a non-surgical process and the effects are seen almost immediately within minutes or hours.

Benefits of the treatment

  • You might be wondering what are the benefits that you will get if you undergo such a procedure and even feel nervous because of the method it follows.
  • Those who undergo the treatment, tend to see the results within a matter of minutes after the process is conducted.
  • The skin retains back it's original texture and tactile nature.
  • The skin gets even more tight after a few weeks and months making the individual look younger than his or her age.
  • The entire process does not involve any kind of injections or cut, which makes it absolutely painless.
  • The use of laser is swift and efficient, making the patient feel much confident and less fearful during it.
  • The laser treatment, being a nonsurgical treatment, does not involve any side effects or recovery. It is minimally evasive when compared to other treatments.
  • More than that, it is much cheaper than extensive surgical treatments.
  • So as you can see that there are a lot of benefits which you get when you opt for a laser tightening treatment, to give yourself a new makeover.

However, even though the process does not involve any risk, you should always consult a specialist doctor about whether it is safe for you to conduct the treatment or not. You should never incline towards the risk of doing it without consultation. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2691 people found this helpful

Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation - When Is It Required?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation - When Is It Required?

With menopause comes a steep decline in the levels of estrogen in the body. This deficiency of estrogen can lead to various physical changes in the vagina and the urinary tract. These changes can have adverse effects on the sexual health and well-being of women. Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation therapy aims to remedy these changes and improve sexual function and the quality of life in women.

Why do you need it?
A decrease in the levels of estrogen can cause dryness of the vagina, skin irritation and burning sensations. It can also cause problems with the urinary tract which includes urinary incontinence, painful urination and infections. The irregularity in the levels of estrogen due to pregnancy and child birth can also cause vaginal discomfort and painful sexual intercourse due to a lack of lubrication. Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation therapy provides estrogen treatment in localized regions to counteract these physical changes.

How is it done?
Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation therapy uses a CO2 fractional laser which acts gently on the walls of the vaginal through a scanner. It forms micro-lesions on the treated areas which help in collagen production. It equilibrates and organizes the various components of the urogenital structures and vaginal mucosa.

2-3 treatment sessions that occur 4-6 weeks apart is usually recommended, followed by an annual treatment. You can resume your daily activities after a day or two.

What are the benefits?
Laser Vaginal Rejuvenation helps nourish and hydrate the vaginal mucosa. It tones and strengthens the epithelium making it thicker and more elastic. It helps maintain the ph balance of the vagina. It also helps reduce the risks of infections by maintaining the natural protective barrier of the vagina. The vaginal tissues are enhanced by the therapy at the urethral aperture. This helps treat the problems with urinary tract which include urinary incontinence and painful urination.

It also helps improve sexual activity by heightening sexual arousal, response and enhances the chances of an orgasm.

The results of this treatment are immediately distinguishable and improve subsequently. Although it is advised that sexual intercourse be avoided for 3-4 post the treatment.

2783 people found this helpful

Hyperpigmentation And Hypopigmentation - How Best It Can Be Managed?

MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology & Venerology & Leprosy (DDVL), DNB Dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Hyperpigmentation And Hypopigmentation - How Best It Can Be Managed?

Hyperpigmentation can be defined as the condition in which excess production of melanin causes the appearance of blemishes and dark spots on skin. Hormonal changes, too much of sun exposure, acne and faulty skin treatment are some of the factors which trigger hyperpigmentation of skin.

Treating hyperpigmentation:
Many dermatologists recommend IPL or Intense Pulse Light Treatment as one of the most effective remedies for hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels like phenol peel or TCA peel and laser peel are also very effective against skin pigmentation. However, there are also some simple and easy home-remedies which can help you get rid of the skin blemishes.

  1. Application of raw lemon juice on the skin surface helps to bleach the skin and minimize the dark spots. Raw potato also works well against blemishes and dark spots.
  2. The enzyme called ‘catecholase’ present in potato helps in lightening the skin tone by removal of spots.
  3. You can prepare a mask out of a few Vitamin E capsules and apply it on skin.
  4. Just mix the contents of 2-3 capsules with a spoonful of castor oil and apply it on your face before going to bed.
  5. Apple cider vinegar, aloe vera and turmeric are also some very popular home remedies which can minimize the effects of hyperpigmentation.
  6. Apart from these, you can also make use of topical skin lightening creams which contain retinoid, Vitamin C, kojic acid and hydroquinone.

Hypopigmentation
Hypopigmentation is a condition where there is a reduction in the normal amount of melanin in skin. Some of the most common causes of hypopigmentation are burns, illness and injury. This condition which is marked by a loss of skin coloring is more common in people with darker skin tone.

  1. Topical ointments like TriLuma and Hydroquinone are very effective against hypopigmentation. They help to even out the skin tone by bleaching the entire skin surface.
  2. Ginger is known to have excellent effects against hypopigmentation. Recent research has established that the application of ginger root can help you get rid of all the hypo-pigmented scars. Take some grated ginger root and dab it on the affected area. Repeat this twice a day for the quickest results.
  3. IPL or Intense Pulse Light Treatment is often prescribed by dermatologists as a remedy for hypopigmentation.
  4. Chemical peels and microdermabrasion are also known to have some beneficial effects.

However, some cases of hypopigmentation are totally unresponsive to medications. In such cases, the best option is to hide the de-pigmented area with some sort of makeup. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3703 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Chest k baal kaise nikale taaki wo bahut der baad nikale till start to end kaise kare saaf aur konse chiss safe rahega please suggedt me.

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Thane
Laser hair removal would be a good option as it will permanently remove hair from that area. You will require sessions for the same.

Hiii I am having too much hairs on my face in last six months and acne scars I want to know if laser hair removal treatment safe for skin and is really effective?

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Hello, yes certainly it’s very effective, you have to undergo around 5 sittings, please ensure that the machine is of good quality. Good luck.

HI, I have the problem of unwanted hairs in my face. I have the problem of PCOD also. Taken medicine from all fields I.e. Allopathy, homeopathy, ayurvedic since last 6-7 years. No result came from all these medicines. Please give me solution how I can clear my unwanted hairs permanently. Please help.

MBBS, MD (Skin & V.D. MAMC) - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
Laser Hair Reduction with a good USFDA approved laser machine is a good option for such cases. Sittings are needed once every 30- 45 days U can fix up an appointment if needed for same.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from hirsutism. The hair growing from root appears to be very thick and irritating on my face. I initially had problems with my periods, but now they are normal. I don't suffer from PCOS. This has dropped my self confidence. Will laser hair removal method help?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, DNB - Dermatology & Venereology
Dermatologist, Delhi
Yes laser hair removal helps in dark thick hair multiple sessions are required for desired results and to regain your confidence back.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Laser Hair Removal
Laser hair removal is one of the most commonly done cosmetic procedures. It beams highly concentrated light into hair follicles. Pigment in the follicles absorb the light. That destroys the hair.
Play video
Laser Hair Removal
With new technology and innovation, the unwanted hair can disappear and leave you more comfortable with smooth, shiny skin and with confidence.Many methods can be adopted for Laser Hair Removal.
Play video
Laser Hair Reduction: Answers To Your Every Question!
Hello Everyone,

Dr Anvika here the Dermatologist practicing in Delhi and today we are going to talk about the most commonly done cosmetic procedures across the globe that is Laser hair reduction, very first I am going to demonstrate the steps and secondly I am going to answer all the frequently asked questions about the same. So today we have a beautiful lady with us who wants to get rid of the unwanted upper lips hair, very first we are going to mark the region where she wants to get rid of it. So here I mark the region, secondly we shave the hair on the concern region, I am just opening the new blade for her. So we shave the region. Third step we take the eye protection for the patient. Now we use the US FDA approved lasers and we set up the laser setting according to the patient skin colour, hair colour and the hair type. Now finally we setup the energy parameters of the laser according to the patients skin colour, hair colour and the hair thickness. Now I set up the energy setups and now I will start with the laser shots. We will start for the laser shots now, so where I place my laser and I start giving the shots. So as you can see, as soon as we finish the procedure there is mild redness and swelling which goes off in 2 to 10 minutes and the patient is ready to go back home. So how does Laser hair reduction work? We all know that black colour absorbs light. Similarly the black colour of the hair absorbs the laser light gets heated up and gets kill. This is how laser hair reduction work. Now, how many sessions are required? Everybody requires around 8 sessions done its 4-6 weeks interval to get the desired results. And how much time does each section take? That depends upon the area, suppose if you are getting the upper lips done, it hardly takes 5 minutes, under arms 5 minutes, the full arms might take half an hour, full body takes around 2 to 3 hours per session. Is it really safe? Well Laser hair reduction is an extremely safe procedure provided, done using only US FDA approved lasers and not by using the Chinese and the Korean lasers and provide it done under a doctor s supervision, who has a complete knowledge of the lasers. Are the results very prominent? Well once you have killed the hair of the skin, skin will definitely try to renew the lost hair. So the maintenance sessions are the frequency of once in a year are really required to maintain the results, that is whatever the hair the skin has regenerative you kill it there and then every year, so if one is regular with the maintenance session the results are permanent.
Play video
Carbon Laser Peel Treatment
Carbon Laser Peel: What You Need To Know?
Play video
Laser For Birthmarks
Hi,

I am Dr PK Talwar, cosmetic surgeon, I have been doing cosmetic surgery for last 28 years and we were among the first ones who introduced Laser hair removal in India and then Laser for birthmarks in India.

When we talk about the birthmarks, the laser for birthmarks there are basically commonest two kinds of birthmarks one is black birthmark like you seen Nevus of Ota or Becker s Nevus and second is vascular birthmarks, like port wine stains or then port wine stains that is very common it is also known as hemangioma, hemangioma are different kinds and different kinds of hemangiomas are treated by different laser-like pulsed dye laser, long pulsed ND-YAG etc. Now coming to the first part that is the black birthmarks, so commonest which we are getting is Nevus of Ota in this there is pigment on one side or both side of faces in certain cases and even in the conjunctiva. This can be very disheartening to a patient, when I introduced this laser initially I tried in 2003 I had a young beautiful lady who had the birthmark on the face one side of the face and she has around 30 years of age but by the time she came to me she was already divorced because of the problem of the birthmark. We gave her 10 to 12 sittings and the birthmark Nevus of Ota 95% or you can be gone and she was very happy, only regret she has was Dr. Talwar I should have come to you earlier, but I told her it is not possible because the laser has come recently so even she had come to me earlier we could not her done anything. So that is one of the cases which is still I remember because it was my one of the first cases and I think best possible results the patient is very very grateful and now we have been treating this kind of problem very commonly Nevus of Ota the results have been very good. The same lasers actually this is Q switch laser, the black pigmentation, now the same laser can be used for freckles, for removal of the tattoos and this Becker s Nevus etc. So the other birthmarks are vascular birthmarks which we call it Port wine stain and the pulsed dye laser is used for that, 2 sittings for black pigments pulsed dye laser is for the vascular or the red birthmarks. Now the difference between these lasers is that the wavelength is different pulsed dye laser is one of the most expensive lasers to buy and the most expensive lasers to maintain, but the results are very rewarding with pulsed dye laser, other modalities are not good as that but pulsed dye laser is the treatment for port wine stain and red birthmarks and we can expect in such cases 70% improvement. We had many patients who have got it done and they are very grateful, we can do Rosacea, Rinofima or facial veins, spider veins etc. we can treat them and patients are really very very happy. So I think the medical science is evolving and the day will come, we will be able to treat 100% of such patients and I suggest strongly that don't go to coeliac because I had a patient with the red birthmark and she went to a coeliac and he applied some sort of acid or what and they burnt the skin. Go to a qualified plastic surgeon or a qualified Dermatologist who is having pulsed dye laser then only you get it done otherwise no and the best wavelength for that is pulsed dye laser is 595 nanometers.

Thank you very much.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice