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Overview

Pneumonia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Pneumonia is a malady that affects billions of people across the globe every day. This disease is one the 10 top causes of death among adults when this malady is combined with flu. Pneumonia is an inflammation or infection of the lungs. This infection can affect just one section of your lungs and is known as lobal pneumonia or it can even affect sections in both the lungs, when it is known as multilobal pneumonia.

When you have pneumonia, the air sack inside your lungs slowly gets filled up with pus and also other liquids, thus reducing the pathway of oxygen, which finds trouble reaching the lungs. People who are at a higher risk with this illness are anyone who is over 65 years old. Also, people with suppressed immune system, with heart and lung disease, people suffering from alcoholism, kidney failure, HIV, diabetes are high risk patients of this disease. Children who are below 2 years of age are also at risk once they get infected with pneumonia.

Pneumonia can occur for a number of reasons. Unlike other most common diseases, which have a definite cause (strep throat is caused by streptococcus bacteria, flu is caused by influenza virus), this diseases can be caused by multiple factors like bacteria, fungus, viruses, mycoplasmas or even chemicals. Generally, infected with the flu virus and other respiratory maladies, gets infected with this disease. It’s like this, when any flu patient’s body gets weakened by the flu virus, bacteria invades the lungs and causes pneumonia. In certain cases the pneumonia germs get passed from one person to another, whereby his disease spreads through the air. This last stated cause of spreading this disease is most common with mycoplasma pneumonia. Once you don’t fall into the high risk group, very simple measures on your part can protect yourself from pneumonia. These protective measures are like washing your hands, getting your flu vaccine at the right time, avoiding people who are seriously ill and others.

Although, the flu vaccine doesn’t stop you from getting infected with pneumonia (as it’s only a protection against influenza), but then again, it also provides some protection from this disease, as pneumonia is often a medical complication which accompanies the flu. So if you can avoid flu, it’s natural you run a lesser risk of getting affected with this disease.

The pneumonia vaccine for children is PCV13 that is provided as a part of the recommended vaccine for all children who are under the age of two. This vaccine protects the children from 13 pneumococcal bacteria. There is also another vaccine PPSV23 available for children (beyond 2 years) and adults and is advised for people who have chronic medical issues, which puts them in a high risk zone, like all adults who are over the age of 65.

Can't be cured Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
Symptoms
Patients who gets infected with pneumonia suffer from painful and recurrent coughs which can bring a lot of discomfort. Have very high fever is another pertinent symptom that affects people suffering from pneumonia. Difficulty in breathing and at time painful breathing is a symptom of pneumonia, the difficulty generally occurs when people inhale while infected with this disease.

Popular Health Tips

Thoracic Ultrasound - What You Can Expect After Undergoing It?

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 89% (33278 ratings)
MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Thoracic Ultrasound - What You Can Expect After Undergoing It?
When your doctor suspects of the presence of extra fluid in your lungs, you might be advised for a thoracic ultrasound. What is a thoracic ultrasound and why do you need it? With a thoracic ultrasound, your doctor will be able to look at everything in the thoracic cavity and can know if your lungs, heart, and other structures in the chest are working fine. The pulmonologists can efficiently determine the lung condition even in critically ill patients using a non-invasive ultrasound technique. And, since the method is based on sound, there is no risk of exposure to potentially harmful ionizing radiation or nephron-toxic contrast dye in this case. Hence, a thoracic ultrasound has become the most preferred technique for conducting a preliminary examination or to further check and confirm a finding noted using other imaging techniques for thoracic diseases. Reasons to have a chest ultrasound The doctor usually refer an ultrasound when he or she can feel that there is some extra amount of fluid in your chest. The ultrasound can tell the physician the reason behind the deposition of excess liquid. The ultrasound would help detect the type of fluid that is present in the chest, whether it is exudate that is caused due to inflammation, an infection, or lung cancer, or whether it is transudate that is a leakage from the lymph nodes or the blood vessel. It determines the movement of the diaphragm. Chest ultrasound can be done in conjunction with other examinations like CT scan, MRI to evaluate the condition of the chest. It has to be noted that, in certain circumstances such as severe obesity and barium in your esophagus, the procedure can give an inaccurate result. Hence, it is always advisable to talk with the health care provider and share your complete medical history before undergoing this procedure to prevent such occurrences. After a Thoracic Ultrasound After the results of the ultrasound are received, the doctor can detect what the condition of your chest is at the moment. Your doctor will also confirm if the lungs have collapsed or if there is water in the lungs, or excess fluid has deposited into the lungs. Ultrasound can also reveal if you have pneumonia. A diagnosis like this does not take a long duration, and thus the ultrasound plays a significant role in expediting the treatment process. There are no hard and fast regulations to follow after the ultrasound. The physician may recommend few instructions depending on your situation. In typical cases, there is no special preparation like fasting is required and you need not be sedated during the ultrasound as well. A safe and painless method to detect the condition of the chest and the respiratory organs and the blood flow through the organs in your chest, a thoracic ultrasound is a preferred procedure that can help your doctor to diagnose your condition and decide upon the treatment method.
1 person found this helpful

6 Ways to Prevent Pneumonia!

Dr. Hardik Thakker 92% (417 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
6 Ways to Prevent Pneumonia!
Pneumonia is a lung infection that affects one or both lungs. It can be triggered by bacteria, virus or fungi and causes inflammation in the lung s air sacs that make it difficult to breathe. Pneumonia can range from a mild infection to being a life threatening condition. This severity depends on the age and general health of the patient along with the cause of the inflammation and type of infection. Pneumonia can be classified in many ways. There are three main types of pneumonia based on the type of microbe that causes the infection; bacterial, viral and mycoplasmic pneumonia. Bacterial Pneumonia: Streptococcus pneumonia is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. It can affect people at any age and can develop on its own or be triggered by flu. A weak immune system increases the risk of suffering from this condition. Breathlessness and pain while breathing are some of the symptoms associated with this type of pneumonia. Viral Pneumonia: When it comes to young children and the elderly, pneumonia is often caused by respiratory viruses. This type of pneumonia is short lived but the virus that triggers the infection can be fatal. Viral pneumonia can be extremely harmful to pregnant women and individuals with heart or lung issues. Mycoplasma pneumonia: This is also known as atypical or walking pneumonia. It affects people of all age groups but is commonly seen in cases where the patient is below 40 years of age. Mycoplasma pneumonia cases are usually mild with a persistent cough being the most prominent symptom. Pneumonia is not always caused by microbes. Aspiration pneumonia can be contacted by inhaling a foreign object such as food, drinks or regurgitated food into the lungs. This type of pneumonia affects the elderly and people under sedation or anesthesia. Along with breathing difficulties, it also causes a decreased gag reflex and difficulty swallowing food. Though it is not possible to completely prevent pneumonia, the risks of contacting this disease can be easily lowered. Some of the steps you could take to lower your chance of suffering from this disease are: Avoid close contact with people suffering from viral infections like flu, colds, etc. Wash your hands often to prevent the spreading of viruses and bacteria Stop smoking and avoid exposure to second hand smoke Get vaccinated against the bacteria that cause pneumonia Get vaccinated against flu to prevent seasonal colds Exercise regularly and follow a healthy diet
5241 people found this helpful

4 Causes Of Pneumonia!

Dr. Milind M Kulkarni 88% (62 ratings)
DTCD (TDD), C-HIV
Pulmonologist, Pune
4 Causes Of Pneumonia!
Pneumonia is a type of lung infection that may affect one or both lungs. In this condition the air sacs, also known as alveoli, fill with pus or fluid which makes it difficult to breathe. Moreover, pneumonia is known to cause inflammation in the air sacs. This disease may range from mild to life threatening and the severity depends on cause of inflammation, the organism fostering your infection, your age and general health. Symptoms: Most common symptoms associated with the condition are: 1. Chest pain 2. Difficulty in breathing 3. Shaking chills 4. Rapid heartbeat 5. Fever 6. Rapid breathing 7. Dry cough 8. Vomiting 9. Wheezing 10. Nausea 11. Muscle aches 12. Bluish skin tone due to oxygen deficiency 13. Blood in sputum i.e. coughed up mucus 14. Labored breathing 15. Confusion 16. High fever Causes: 1. Bacteria- One of the most common causes of pneumonia is the bacteria named as Streptococcus pneumoniae. This type of pneumonia may occur after you have had flu or a cold, or maybe even on its own. Moreover, it may affect only one part of the lung i.e. the lobe and is also known as lobar pneumonia. 2. Viruses- Viruses are one of the main reasons why children below 5 years of age suffer from pneumonia. Viruses that cause pneumonia may also cause cold or flu. Viral pneumonia is usually mild and may be treated at home itself. However, in some cases, it may be very severe and life-threatening. 3. Mycoplasmas- Mycoplasma is a type of bacteria that doesn't have a cell wall around the cell membrane which is why they are usually unaffected by most antibiotics which target cell wall synthesis. The symptoms of pneumonia caused by mycoplasmas are mild and the patient does not require bed rest. This type of pneumonia is known as 'Walking Pneumonia'. 4. Fungi- People with weakened immune systems or chronic health problems usually develop pneumonia due to fungi. You may also develop fungal pneumonia by inhaling large doses of it mainly found in soil or bird droppings.
3 people found this helpful

Pneumonia - Causes And Symptoms

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 89% (33278 ratings)
MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Pneumonia - Causes And Symptoms
Pneumonia is a type of lung infection that may affect one or both lungs. In this condition the air sacs, also known as alveoli, fill with pus or fluid which makes it difficult to breathe. Moreover, pneumonia is known to cause inflammation in the air sacs. This disease may range from mild to life threatening and the severity depends on cause of inflammation, the organism fostering your infection, your age and general health. Symptoms: Most common symptoms associated with the condition are: 1. Chest pain 2. Difficulty in breathing 3. Shaking chills 4. Rapid heartbeat 5. Fever 6. Rapid breathing 7. Dry cough 8. Vomiting 9. Wheezing 10. Nausea 11. Muscle aches 12. Bluish skin tone due to oxygen deficiency 13. Blood in sputum i.e. coughed up mucus 14. Labored breathing 15. Confusion 16. High fever Causes: 1. Bacteria- One of the most common causes of pneumonia is the bacteria named as Streptococcus pneumoniae. This type of pneumonia may occur after you have had flu or a cold, or maybe even on its own. Moreover, it may affect only one part of the lung i.e. the lobe and is also known as lobar pneumonia. 2. Viruses- Viruses are one of the main reasons why children below 5 years of age suffer from pneumonia. Viruses that cause pneumonia may also cause cold or flu. Viral pneumonia is usually mild and may be treated at home itself. However, in some cases, it may be very severe and life-threatening. 3. Mycoplasmas- Mycoplasma is a type of bacteria that doesn't have a cell wall around the cell membrane which is why they are usually unaffected by most antibiotics which target cell wall synthesis. The symptoms of pneumonia caused by mycoplasmas are mild and the patient does not require bed rest. This type of pneumonia is known as 'Walking Pneumonia'. 4. Fungi- People with weakened immune systems or chronic health problems usually develop pneumonia due to fungi. You may also develop fungal pneumonia by inhaling large doses of it mainly found in soil or bird droppings.
3213 people found this helpful

Tips For Monsoon!

Mr. Ajay Vermaa 88% (159 ratings)
Associate degree in Acupressure
Acupressurist, Delhi
Tips For Monsoon!
The damp conditions in monsoon plays a host for many disease causing germs, which cause some serious health attacks like dengue, malaria, conjunctivitis, typhoid, viral fever, pneumonia, gastro intestinal disturbances, diarrhea and dysentery. If your immune system is weak you are supposed to catch these diseases instantly.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

When we done urine culture to my wife it is showing klebsiella gram is showing as negative. please suggest whether it is a serious problem. Doctor has been given antibiotics for 10 days. How many days it will take for complete currently. please suggest.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 93% (4913 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Hi Durgarao... If treated properly it is not a serious problem... Usually it should take no more than a week to clear the system..but still it depends on individual patient... You may Consult for Homoeopathic treatment.
1 person found this helpful

I am 20 years old. Actually last year I got pneumonia. I took the treatment. Now I am fine. But from past 2 months I am observing my left side chest was swelled. But I do not have any pain. What happens I do not know. Is it dangerous? Please help me sir.

Dr. P K Dhawan 88% (1240 ratings)
MSc Applied Biology, Diploma in Naturopathy
Ayurveda, Delhi
Pneumonia is an infection that causes inflammation in one or both of the lungs and may be caused by a virus, bacteria, fungi or other germs. Even if no pain further get evaluation for your lungs and lung function for abnormal swelling/sound/wheezing if any from a chest specialist He will find out the cause with some investigations.

I have bilateral pneumonitis. Can I run fast for minutes. I want to prepare for physical endurance test.

Dr. Ruchi Gulati 92% (271 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Noida
let ur pneumonitis heal. Give your body some time and support ur body in the healing process.Do anuloma viloma pranayam to keep breathing capacities optimum. Do steam inhalation twice daily. For professional help consult

I have pneumonia many time cough in chest and fever. Take antibiotic cure fever. After 3 month fever further coming. Hb 14% age 25 and weight 66. neutrophil increase.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 94% (17627 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, Lybrate user, you should drink lukewarm water. •Gargle, twice with hot saline water. •Tk, steam, twice. •Avoid, cold intake, exposure to cold climate, dust, smoke, junk food ,nicotine.•tk, homoeopathic medicine: @ Bryonia alb. 30-6 pills, thrice. •report wkly, your feedback matters for further follow up,  please. Tk,  care.

My son is 1 month 20 day old. He suffering 2/3 days for cough, cold, fever and flue. So doctor says it's pneumonia symptoms. They suggest admitted my son. So I want to know it is pneumonia? So help me.

Dr. Ajit Kumar 89% (74 ratings)
MBBS, MD, DM - Neonatology
Pediatrician, Delhi
If your baby have Tachypnea (Respiratory rate >60/min), Chest in-drawing/retraction (inward movement of the lower chest wall), grunting sound (mainly during exhalation of breating-a sound of pain), cynosis (bluish discloration of lips/finger nails), poor activity, poor feeding or refusal to feed, passing less urine, then only its a concern. otherwise your baby have only minor respiratory infection. Healthy Baby symptoms: 1. Active, alert, pink, warm, 2. Feeding well, 3. passing urine atleast 6-8 times/24 hrs, 4. Gaining weight. Normal physiological signs: recurrent nose block producing some abnormal sound, passing stool with every feed not passed stool upto 7 days.

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Male Breast Reduction - Do You Need It?

Dr. J Rajesh 84% (10 ratings)
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Breast reduction in men always leads to scarring and formation of stretch marks. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Breast reduction in men leads to scarring. True or False?
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