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Pneumonia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is a malady that affects billions of people across the globe every day. This disease is one the 10 top causes of death among adults when this malady is combined with flu. Pneumonia is an inflammation or infection of the lungs. This infection can affect just one section of your lungs and is known as lobal pneumonia or it can even affect sections in both the lungs, when it is known as multilobal pneumonia.

When you have pneumonia, the air sack inside your lungs slowly gets filled up with pus and also other liquids, thus reducing the pathway of oxygen, which finds trouble reaching the lungs.People who are at a higher risk with this illness are anyone who is over 65 years old. Also, people with suppressed immune system, with heart and lung disease, people suffering from alcoholism, kidney failure, HIV, diabetes are high risk patients of this disease. Children who are below 2 years of age are also at risk once they get infected with pneumonia.

What causes Pneumonia ?

Pneumonia can occur for a number of reasons. Unlike other most common diseases, which have a definite cause (strep throat is caused by streptococcus bacteria, flu is caused by influenza virus), this diseases can be caused by multiple factors like bacteria, fungus, viruses, mycoplasmas or even chemicals.Generally, infected with the flu virus and other respiratory maladies, gets infected with this disease. It’s like this, when any flu patient’s body gets weakened by the flu virus, bacteria invades the lungs and causes pneumonia. In certain cases the pneumonia germs get passed from one person to another, whereby his disease spreads through the air. This last stated cause of spreading this disease is most common with mycoplasma pneumonia.Once you don’t fall into the high risk group, very simple measures on your part can protect yourself from pneumonia. These protective measures are like washing your hands, getting your flu vaccine at the right time, avoiding people who are seriously ill and others.

Diagnosis :

Although, the flu vaccine doesn’t stop you from getting infected with pneumonia (as it’s only a protection against influenza), but then again, it also provides some protection from this disease, as pneumonia is often a medical complication which accompanies the flu. So if you can avoid flu, it’s natural you run a lesser risk of getting affected with this disease.

The pneumonia vaccine for children is PCV13 that is provided as a part of the recommended vaccine for all children who are under the age of two. This vaccine protects the children from 13 pneumococcal bacteria.There is also another vaccine PPSV23 available for children (beyond 2 years) and adults and is advised for people who have chronic medical issues, which puts them in a high risk zone, like all adults who are over the age of 65.

Can't be cured Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
Patients who gets infected with pneumonia suffer from painful and recurrent coughs which can bring a lot of discomfort. Have very high fever is another pertinent symptom that affects people suffering from pneumonia. Difficulty in breathing and at time painful breathing is a symptom of pneumonia, the difficulty generally occurs when people inhale while infected with this disease.

Popular Health Tips

Respiratory Complications During Pregnancy - Tips To Avoid Them!

Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Respiratory Complications During Pregnancy - Tips To Avoid Them!

Pregnancy brings with it a slew of changes in the physiological parameters of women. Women are susceptible to a number of complications, including respiratory complications during this stage. An abnormal chest X-ray or a complaint regarding some kind of respiratory trouble guides doctors to explore the possibility of pregnancy leading to respiratory complications.

Respiratory Complications During Pregnancy

Let us explore the likely respiratory complications during pregnancy. 

Though studies do not indicate any increase in risk of pneumococcal infection during pregnancy, it has been observed that complications arising out of pneumonia are increased during this time. Anemic or asthmatic women are more susceptible to this infection, and the risk of complications is also more common in such women. It entails risk for both the mother and the child. While the child can be born preterm or low in weight, the mother can even suffer respiratory failure.

It is a kind of fungal infection that affects the respiratory system, especially in the last trimester of pregnancy. It is a respiratory tract infection that is self- limiting in nature. However, owing to reduced immunity during pregnancy, this fungal infection may turn out to be severe. It may cause a variety of complications, including pneumonia, fever, chest pain, difficulty in breathing, etc.

However, timely diagnosis and administration of antifungal therapy has reduced maternal mortality to a large extent.

There is a risk of formation of blood clots during pregnancy due to hypercoagulability of blood during this stage. This leads to an enhanced risk of embolic pneumonia, where blood clots may block an artery in the lungs. It is an emergency condition where patients usually have difficulty breathing, chest pain, cough, etc.

Pregnancy is not a risk factor for asthma, but asthma during pregnancy may exacerbate the risk of complications such as premature birth, restricted growth, preeclampsia, etc.

Tips to Avoid

These and other respiratory complications during pregnancy, if any, increase the risk of complications for the mother as well as the fetus. However, there are ways that pregnant women can adopt to get over these problems and give birth to a healthy baby.

  1. Avoid Crowded Place in Pregnancy: Pregnancy enhances the risk of Pneumonia, and Pneumonia is mostly a community acquired. Pregnant women can try to avoid Pneumonia by avoiding going to crowded places.
  2. Eat Immune Boosting Food: Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that is mostly diagnosed during the third trimester. However, it is usually a self-limiting infection. Along with avoiding going to crowded places, she also needs to take immune-boosting food such as citrus fruits, green vegetables, etc.
  3. Walk Regularly: Pulmonary Embolism is the result of being immobile for a long time. This happens during pregnancy and this is what makes pregnant women susceptible to the problem. One can tide over the problem by taking regular strolls at home or outside and doing regular chores.
  4. Consult with Gynecologist in Case of Asthma: If she is suffering from asthma, she must discuss it with the gynecologist. Most asthma medications are safe to be taken during pregnancy.
  5. Take Care of Infant Breath: Pregnant women should regularly visit gynecologists for checkups. They should also take a balanced diet and stay happy for the healthy life of the child.
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What Is Pneumonia And Why Can It Be So Deadly?

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
What Is Pneumonia And Why Can It Be So Deadly?

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. It leads to inflammation of the lungs which is filled with fluid or pus. It can range from being mild to severe depending on a person’s health and age. Pneumonia can be caused by a variety of germs including bacteria, virus, and fungi. It can become life-threatening and dangerous for people:

  1. Infants and children aged between 2 to 5 years
  2. Older people aged above 65 years
  3. Those who have a weak immune system or have other forms of respiratory problems

Pneumonia can be contracted from different places and can become risky when:

  1. Bacterial pneumonia can easily be contracted from hospital and healthcare which is termed as community-acquired pneumonia. The chances of acquiring pneumonia can increase if are on the ventilator.
  2. Alcohol- Having excessive or regular alcohol can lead to worsening of your pneumonia
  3. If you are exposed to animals like birds, rabbits and rats, then the chances of you contracting pneumonia might be greater.
  4. If you have some medical problems like heart or kidney disease, then your pneumonia can get worse. The situation may be particularly precarious for asthma patients.
  5. Smoking also makes you more susceptible to pneumonia.
  6. Having a weak immunity due to HIV, asplena, poor nutrition and also chemotherapy can lead to worsening of bacterial pneumonia.

Some symptoms of bacterial pneumonia may include:

  1. Coughing that may produce mucus
  2. Fever with shaking and sweating
  3. Chest pain
  4. Nausea and Vomiting
  5. Low body temperature
  6. Shortness of breath

Newborns and infants having pneumonia may not show any symptoms that make it difficult to detect the disease. Also when you have mild symptoms, it is termed as walking pneumonia.

If you have pneumonia, then you should consult a doctor who will prescribe a few tests:

  1. Blood test-It is mainly done to identify the germ causing the disease
  2. Chest X-Ray- It helps the doctor locate the exact position of pneumonia.
  3. Pulse Oximetry- It measures the oxygen level in a person’s body.
  4. Sputum Test- Fluid from your lungs is taken and tested to know the cause of infection.
  5. Additional tests may be advised by your doctor that includes CT scan and Pleural fluid culture.

For mild or walking pneumonia, doctors may prescribe certain antibiotics and cough medicines to treat pneumonia. Within a week or two, your lung will start to clear up and you will feel better. Moreover, have enough fluid and sleep and do not smoke.

However, if you fall in the risky category and are experiencing pneumonia symptoms even after having medicines, you should get yourself or your child hospitalized. But there are ways to prevent pneumonia like giving vaccinations to your children and washing your hands. Also, lessen your smoking or stop altogether. So don’t let pneumonia turn into a life-threatening disease by following these simple measures. Consult your doctor immediately if have any of the pneumonia symptoms and fall in the category of – infants and children, people above 65 years of age and people with low immunity. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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How To Recognize The Symptoms Of Pneumonia?

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
How To Recognize The Symptoms Of Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an inflammation and infection of the lungs. This is a condition where the alveoli or the air sacs located in the lungs fill up with fluid and pus. It is because of this that oxygen cannot reach the infected individual’s bloodstream. People with pneumonia generally have cough, fever, and breathing problems. At times, it can also result in chest pain.

This is a condition that can affect one or both the lungs. There are different forms of this disease. Pulmonary infection is considered one of the most common causes of this disease. It is a kind of infection related to gram-negative or gram-positive bacteria and viruses. Certain infectious agents sharing the similarities of bacteria and viruses might also result in pneumonia.

Symptoms of pneumonia in adults
The symptoms of pneumonia in adults include:

The milder forms of this disease do not disturb the regular functions of the affected individual and are called “walking” pneumonia.

Signs of pneumonia in children
Unlike adults, kids suffering from pneumonia might not experience a fever or a nagging cough. They might have more subtle signs of this infection. However, children have relatively higher chances of being infected because they do not have fully-developed immune systems. Overall, the signs of pneumonia vary according to the age of an individual.

Pneumonia caused by bacteria like Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae generally result in milder signs of the disease in kids. This kind of pneumonia is called walking or atypical pneumonia and is generally found among school-going children. Children suffering from mild pneumonia might not feel very sick, but they can have one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Low-grade fever
  • Dry cough
  • Tiredness
  • Headache

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3262 people found this helpful

How To Protect Your Child From Pneumonia?

MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine, FNB-Critical Care Medicine
Pulmonologist, Gurgaon
How To Protect Your Child From Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is a serious ailment in the lungs which can affect people of all ages even though kids are most vulnerable to this. According to the estimates of the World Health Organization, over 160 million children across the globe get affected by pneumonia every year out of whom 20 million have to be hospitalized, and 2 million die.

Who is most susceptible to pneumonia?
Children who are exposed to the smoke of tobacco or have poor nutrition, asthma, high blood sugar, cold, flu, poor shelter, HIV infection and lack of proper breastfeeding are at risk. Also, if children don’t get an adequate amount of zinc in the diet, then they can get affected by pneumonia.

As the germs reach the lungs, this organ becomes infected and inflamed with a buildup of fluid. It can lead to breathing problems which can make inhibit the entrance of oxygen in the bloodstream. This prevents the cells in the body in performing their normal functions and infections cannot be flushed out of the body.

What are the common signs and symptoms of pneumonia?
The common symptoms of pneumonia include vomiting, chills, chest pain, rapid breathing and shortness of breath, chest retractions during respiration, fatigue, high temperature, nausea, muscle weakness, wheezing and coughing of green and slightly bloody mucus. It may also include unconsciousness, lethargy, convulsions and also feeding problems in infants. There is a type of pneumonia that does not show any major sign but which may interfere with daily functions is referred to as walking pneumonia.

How can pneumonia in children be prevented?
Having healthy habits and practising good hygiene is the best way to avoid pneumonia. Children must be encouraged to clean the hands frequently, coughing or sneezing into the elbow or sleeves instead of palms and to avoid interaction with people who are affected by any infection and flu. As a parent, you should provide proper nutrition to help your child have strong immunity and make sure that they get sufficient rest to ward off infection. You should not smoke in front of your kids as passive smoking is dangerous and help them stay away from pollutants.

You should ensure that your child is immunized as per prescribed schedule. Also, you should know about the warning signs of pneumonia and other ailments of the lungs which include fast breathing, frequent coughing, and difficulty in breathing to detect pneumonia in its early stages. And take them to visit the doctor as soon as you observe the signs. When it comes to an infant, you should breastfeed him/her as mother’s milk contains all the vital nutrients, hormones, antioxidants and antibodies that your child requires to ward off infections including pneumonia.

Thus, being aware you can protect your child from contracting the disease.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2923 people found this helpful

Thoracic Ultrasound - What You Can Expect After Undergoing It?

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Thoracic Ultrasound - What You Can Expect After Undergoing It?

When your doctor suspects of the presence of extra fluid in your lungs, you might be advised for a thoracic ultrasound. What is a thoracic ultrasound and why do you need it? With a thoracic ultrasound, your doctor will be able to look at everything in the thoracic cavity and can know if your lungs, heart, and other structures in the chest are working fine. The pulmonologists can efficiently determine the lung condition even in critically ill patients using a non-invasive ultrasound technique.

And, since the method is based on sound, there is no risk of exposure to potentially harmful ionizing radiation or nephron-toxic contrast dye in this case. Hence, a thoracic ultrasound has become the most preferred technique for conducting a preliminary examination or to further check and confirm a finding noted using other imaging techniques for thoracic diseases.

Reasons to have a chest ultrasound

  • The doctor usually refer an ultrasound when he or she can feel that there is some extra amount of fluid in your chest. The ultrasound can tell the physician the reason behind the deposition of excess liquid.
  • The ultrasound would help detect the type of fluid that is present in the chest, whether it is exudate that is caused due to inflammation, an infection, or lung cancer, or whether it is transudate that is a leakage from the lymph nodes or the blood vessel. It determines the movement of the diaphragm.
  • Chest ultrasound can be done in conjunction with other examinations like CT scan, MRI to evaluate the condition of the chest.
  • It has to be noted that, in certain circumstances such as severe obesity and barium in your esophagus, the procedure can give an inaccurate result. Hence, it is always advisable to talk with the health care provider and share your complete medical history before undergoing this procedure to prevent such occurrences.

After a Thoracic Ultrasound

  • After the results of the ultrasound are received, the doctor can detect what the condition of your chest is at the moment. Your doctor will also confirm if the lungs have collapsed or if there is water in the lungs, or excess fluid has deposited into the lungs.
  • Ultrasound can also reveal if you have pneumonia. A diagnosis like this does not take a long duration, and thus the ultrasound plays a significant role in expediting the treatment process.
  • There are no hard and fast regulations to follow after the ultrasound. The physician may recommend few instructions depending on your situation. In typical cases, there is no special preparation like fasting is required and you need not be sedated during the ultrasound as well.
  • A safe and painless method to detect the condition of the chest and the respiratory organs and the blood flow through the organs in your chest, a thoracic ultrasound is a preferred procedure that can help your doctor to diagnose your condition and decide upon the treatment method.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Popular Questions & Answers

Hello. I'm 18 year old female. I had pneumonia 4 years ago and since then I have problems with phlegm. Whenever I go to the doctor, she tells me that it's a virus or a flu and she gives me some pills, such as amoxicillin or cefalexin. At the moment, they help me, but the problem is coming back. This makes me very bothered, sometimes I think i'm going to choke. No other symptoms. What can I do?

Dr. Rajendar Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, DNB , IDCCM
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Your symptoms might be due to damage caused to your lungs during that pneumonia. It's called bronchiectasis. U need a evaluation by a chest specialist who can guide you better. Pneumococcal and swine flu vaccines should be given to you. Meet some chest specialist.

Please suggest I am heaving Sharp pain while breathing. Blood in chest while receiving in chest pot. It around 800 ml. Doctor says it's due to pneumonia. After discharge .45 days. Still little pain while full breathing. So my question is is that is it take more time fully heal. Or may I look to doctor for further medication. What shall I do? Help me.

MBBS, MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Orthopedist, Mumbai
It is not clear whether you have been treated fully with antibiotics You also need to get fully Investigated to rule out TB infection or any other disease It is unusual for a 28 years old to get pneumonia without an underlying cause and also for your age and height and gender your weight is very less Please show a chest specialist and get fully investigated.
1 person found this helpful

If I breathe deeply if have a pain in my rights lungs or ribs. I have been smoking for 1 year and I searched in google and YouTube I thinking it may be pneumonia. Buy I'm confused. Can you say what cause that pain. Please doctor.

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Pneumonia have other sumtoms like cough/fever/breathlessness. Deep breath chest pain can be due to streching of pleura. Get xary chest.
1 person found this helpful

I have pneumonia. I am feeling difficulty in breathing and I have fever too with little bit of cough and cold. What causes the pneumonia? What is the treatment for pneumonia. Can pneumonia be prevented by the vaccines?

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Pneumonia can be prevented but not all types with vaccination, only invassive pneumoccocal pneumonia can b eprevented.Pneumonia can b edue to bacterial., viral, mycobacterial infections/funal infection.

Table of Content

What is Pneumonia?

What causes Pneumonia ?

Diagnosis :

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Aspiration Pneumonia

Me Dr. Vikas Mittal, pulmonologist, Manipal Hospital. Aaj me aspiration pneumonia ke bare me baat krunga. Ek example ko leke baat krenge. April 2018 me ek patient bed pe hi tha pneumonia ki vjha se. Girne se unke left thigh me fracture ho gya tha. Operation se vo thik ho gya lekin uske baad pneumonia ho gya. He was not even able to complete his sentences because of breathlessness. Kafi examination ke baad pta chala that patient was also suffering from poor cough. Diagnosis ke baad aspiration pneumonia detect hua. Aspiration pneumonia me aap jo bhi khate hain vo food pipe me na jake wind pipe me chala jata hai.

Iski vjha se hmare lungs me infection ho jata hai. Wind pipe ko trachea bolte hain and food pipe ko oesophagus. Aspiration pneumonia me hmara flap band nhi hota hai or khana thoda sa slip wind pipe me hota hai and thoda food pipe me. Iske causes kya hain? Ye infection older age me and bachon me hota hai. Neurological problems like motor neurone disease, stroke, seizure, in sab se brain ka signal swallow krne ke lia proper nhi hota hai. Discordinate hone ki vjha se dysphagia problem ho jati hai. Aspiration dental problem ki vjha se bhi hota hai or aisi koi bhi problem jo apne senses me nhi hai, cancer ke patients me bhi ye problem ho skti hai.

Iske symptoms kya hain. Iske symptoms are equal to pneumonia. But iske symptoms thode slow rehte hain. Ye long time tak trouble krte hain apke lia. Symptoms iske hain saans fulna, whistling sound while breathing, chest pain, khasi hona, bulgum me smell or blood ana. Unko food swallow krne me problem hogi. Khate time choking or khasi ki problem hogi. Bad breath ki bhi problem hoti hai. Oxygen ki kami bhi ho skti hai.

Thank You.
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Causes and symptoms of Pneumonia
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