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Hiv Aids - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is HIV AIDS?

AIDS is also known as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, while HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This disease occurs when the virus damages your immune system by ruining the white blood cells (cells which fight infection). AIDS is defined as the later and more severe stage of HIV.

HIV aids usually spreads by engaging in unprotected sex with people already infected by the virus. It can also be spread by getting in contact with the blood of an infected person. This generally occurs by using needles which have been contaminated. Women who have hiv aids can also pass it on to their child while giving birth or during the course of pregnancy.Blood test is performed to diagnose hiv aids, there isn’t any cure for hiv but consuming certain medicines can fight the virus and reduce pain and discomfort. The drugs used for the treatment of hiv strengthens the immune system so that the condition doesn’t escalate to AIDS. These drugs can have uncomfortable and serious side effects. These drugs don’t usually work for everyone, they only work for a selected number of people. These medications can also help people with hiv aids live longer than usual.

Where does HIV arise from?

The exact reason where the hiv virus came from is not known but according to scientists, a chimpanzee found in Central Africa is the source of the infection (simian immunodeficiency virus or SIV). This virus was transmitted to humans and was mutated into HIV when humans started hunting these chimpanzees and consumed their meat during the olden days.

When hiv starts reaching advanced stages, people may experience signs such as continuous vaginal yeast infections, pelvic inflammatory disease, frequent and severe infections, unexplained tiredness, headaches, dizziness, extreme weight loss, frequent diarrhea, night sweats, frequent fever and dry coughing. Most people can also experience discolored purplish growths on the skin, unexplainable bleeding, abnormal skin rashes, extreme numbness on the muscles, paralysis and mental confusion.

How does HIV spread?

  • Engaging in anal or vaginal intercourse with an infected person without wearing a condom.
  • Sharing syringes and needles with someone who already has hiv aids.
  • Being punctured with a surgical instrument or a needle which is contaminated with HIV infected blood.
  • Coming in contact with infected vaginal secretions, semen, HIV infected blood into sores and open wounds.
  • Babies can develop HIV aids from their mothers who have already been infected during breastfeeding or birth.
  • Hiv aids cannot be transmitted by hugging, sharing drinking glasses or kissing.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Spread by sexual or direct blood contact
Swollen glands in the throat, groin and armpit Immense muslce aches Slight fever Headaches Fatigues

Popular Health Tips

How HIV & TB Are Related?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
How HIV & TB  Are Related?

Tuberculosis is an opportunistic infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The infections occurring in people with weak immunity as compared to the people with a healthy immune system are called as opportunistic infections. As, HIV enters the human body, it replicates and weakens the immune system which in turn increases the risk of contracting Tuberculosis in people already suffering from HIV infection.

An HIV and Tuberculosis co-infection occurs when an individual has both, the HIV infection and an either latent or active TB disease simultaneously.  Each disease acts in speeding up the progress of the other, when HIV and TB infection is present together in the body. HIV infection speeds up the progression from latent to active Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis also accelerates the progression of replication and spread of the HIV infection.

HIV infection and Tuberculosis are totally different type of infectious diseases. HIV is a viral infection and TB is a bacterial one. An HIV infected person will not contract TB unless a contact happens with a TB infected person. TB spreads via droplet infection and is communicable. If a person lives in a country with a high prevalence rate of TB, an HIV patient is highly susceptible to contracting the infection. In the similar manner, a person suffering from TB gets infected with the HIV infection only through the blood and bodily fluids borne route, with unprotected sexual intercourse with an HIV infected individual being the most important cause.

Amongst all the other opportunistic infections, TB occurs at an earlier stage in the course of an HIV infection than most other opportunistic infections. Mortality rate in the co-infected patients is more than twice that of HIV infected individuals without a TB infection. Even if a patient is undergoing anti-retroviral therapy, the death rates remain high in co-infected individuals.The natural history and course of TB gets altered in people with an infected immune system. The damage to immunity due to HIV infection causes a drastic reduction in the pathogen killing capacity of the body. In such patients if there is no anti-retroviral treatment prescribed, then the latency period between the infection and progression of disease gets eliminated.

An active phase of TB is observed in such individuals progressing within a short span of time, ranging from weeks to months, rather than years as it normally should be spanning. Risk of progression from a latent stage to an active stage of TB is around 10-15 times greater in an HIV infected individual as compared to the non-infected person. Such individuals also communicate the disease more rapidly to others.Pulmonary tuberculosis in an HIV infected person can present similar symptoms like that of a classic TB disease. However, a co-infection can sometimes show less presenting TB symptoms, where even the chest X-ray scans can be observed to be normal. A ‘subclinical’ phase of Tb in co-infected patients can cause delay in the diagnosis of the symptoms and subsequently affect the prognosis due to lack of timely treatment.

Social stigma and discrimination has caused an obstacle in provision of adequate treatment for people with HIV. Proper counseling  and initiatives taken to provide indiscriminate care can aid in identification of co-infection and earlier stages. Anti-retroviral treatment teamed up with anti-tubercular drug regimen is prescribed and a successful treatment for drug sensitive cases of TB can be provided with medications for 6-8 months.

2897 people found this helpful

Understanding The Role Of Nutrition In HIV!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
Understanding The Role Of Nutrition In HIV!

A healthy immune system and optimum physical strength is maintained by an adequate nutritional status of the body. Unexpected loss of weight, loss of appetite, low dietary intake due to ulcers in the mouth and an altered rate of metabolism are common in HIV infected individuals. It is essential to regain the lost weight and the muscle mass in the early stages of the infection since the correction of nutritional status becomes difficult with the progression of the disease.

Certain measures like definitive anti-retroviral therapy combined with the treatment of opportunistic infections like TB, Candidiasis and other bacterial infections along with the provision of nutritive aid in the form of a balanced diet, regular physical activity, and use of appetite stimulants help in improving the general health of the body.  A widespread deficiency of essential nutrition and micro-nutrients is observed among the HIV-infected people. Supplement composition, treatment given and characteristics of the patient vary widely across researches done.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends an intake of 1 Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of each of the required micronutrient.  This may sometimes require taking supplements of the micronutrients.There is a direct relation between HIV infection and malnutrition, where each makes an individual more susceptible to the other. HIV infection can increase the severity of malnutrition and vice versa.

Malnutrition can worsen the progression of HIV, which further in turn further worsens malnutrition. This is an unending cycle, until an intervention occurs. An increase in the nutritional needs, poor intake of nutrients and increased losses through vomiting and diarrhea lead to a poor nutritional status.

  • This causes weight loss and wasting of muscles.
  • Loss of the lean body mass is definitively linked to disease and morbidity.
  • There is a sense of overall lack of energy, fatigue, lethargy and weakness.
  • The immune system is composed of proteins.
  • Reduced intake of proteins in the diet results in a decreased production of the immune cells.
  • Certain amino acids are responsible to aid in the efficient functioning of the immune system.
  • Deficiency of these amino acids impairs immune function.
  • This impairment of the immune system makes the individual vulnerable to various infections.
  • The opportunistic infections like tuberculosis (TB), Candida and bacterial pneumonias are commonly observed in individuals with HIV.

These diseases further strain the immune system and cause disease progression. It is important to know that nutrition acts as an adjunct to appropriate anti-retroviral therapy. Multivitamins, supplements of beta-carotene and Vitamin A, zinc, selenium and probiotics help in maintaining optimum nutrition in an HIV infected individual. Anabolic agents and appetite stimulants help in overcoming muscle wasting. Nutrient-dense meals consumed in small portions at frequent intervals are better accepted in the body rather than the regular 3 large meals.

Water consumption during meals should be avoided, to prevent a feeling of fullness in the stomach due to water rather than food. A healthy and balanced nutrition is essential in living a normal life. Maintaining the lost weight and stamina of the body, replacement of the lost nutrients, vitamins and minerals aid in improvement of the immune function. Proper nutrition can delay progression of the HIV infection into AIDS disease by improving the response of the body to the treatment given.

2631 people found this helpful

How A Child Is At Risk Of HIV?

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
How A Child Is At Risk Of HIV?

How did we achieve HIV-Free Generation? 

Spread of HIV infection from a woman who has transmits HIV to her child during pregnancy, childbirth (labor and delivery), or breastfeeding (breast milk) is called as ‘Mother to child’ transmission (MTCT) of HIV. It is also termed as the perinatal transmission of the HIV infection or ‘vertical’ transmission. In the absence of medical intervention, perinatal transmission rates are very high, between 20-45% in different parts of the world. 

In various regions of the African subcontinent a large number of HIV infected children are present. It is a major cause of deaths in teens and adolescents in that region. Almost 90% of all HIV infected children live in the sub-Saharan Africa. In some districts of AP, Karnataka, Maharashtra and TN that were highly HIV-prone, we have several HIV infected children and adolescents. The virus replicates in the body and affects the immune system. Due to decreased immunity, various opportunistic infections enter the body and cause AIDS related symptoms. 

Prevention of HIV infection in infants and young children is now a high priority and has been the rallying point for enhanced prevention efforts. MTCT HIV infection can be prevented with adequate measures by way of Anti-retroviral treatment (ART). All expecting mothers who are HIV infected should have access to the preventive medical services throughout the gestation period, during labor and also during breastfeeding. Proper provision of resources with skilled staff and awareness programs can help in avoiding new infection cases. Breastfeeding is the primary source of transmission of infection from mother to child. Basically, once ART is started in an HIV infected pregnant woman that should continue forever. With proper ART course, chances of MTCT are near Zero.

At the Unison Medicare & Research Centre; which is India’s first fully comprehensive clinic for HIV Care and infectious Diseases, during last decade, not a single MTCT has occurred after treating more than 160 such HIV infected mothers.

Even prior to that MTCT rate was lower than 1%. Our motto has been making the mothers virally suppressed commensurate with the global principle of “Undetectable = Untransmittable”! In fact now more and more HIV infected couples have been coming forward for an elective pregnancy. Even HIV un-infected children orphaned by AIDS or living with sick caregivers are at the great risk of emotional and physical abuse, which in turn increases the child’s vulnerability to HIV infection. Reduction of risks to these vulnerable children is of great importance and various programs are being implemented for the welfare of orphans and vulnerable children. 

Various risk factors that are implicated in the transmission of HIV infection from mother to child are as follows: 

  1. Increased viral load 
  2. Genital tract viral load 
  3. Reduced CD4 cell count 
  4. Unprotected sexual intercourse with infected partner 
  5. Smoking, Substance and drug abuse 
  6. Deficiency of Vitamin A and other essential nutrients 
  7. Presence of other Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) 
  8. Pre-term delivery 
  9. Placental disruption 
  10. Invasive monitoring of the fetus 
  11. Breast feeding

In most cases, HIV will not cross through the placenta from mother to baby. In an otherwise healthy mother, risk of child getting infected is low. Prenatal visits shouldn’t be increased until a complication arises. The physician should observe symptoms of AIDS and pregnancy-related complications on a regular basis. HIV may be the direct cause or a marker of a complex interaction of related medical and social conditions that affect pregnancy. Most HIV positive women are usually asymptomatic and have no major obstetrical problems during their gestation period. They should receive similar obstetric antenatal care as the HIV-negative women, unless indicated by the need to provide specific treatment for HIV related conditions. There is no evidence of a need to increase the number of antenatal visits, provided there are no complications of the HIV infection, although additional counseling sessions may be required to reassure the mother and family.

Care of the HIV positive woman during pregnancy should include ongoing counseling and support as an integral part of the management. Invasive diagnostic procedures, such as chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis or cordo-centesis should be avoided wherever possible, due to a possible risk of infection of the fetus.

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HIV - How It Affects Drug Resistance?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
HIV - How It Affects Drug Resistance?

HIV infection is the causative factor of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Worldwide research is being conducted and treatment strategies are being formulated to combat this fatal disease. Fighting HIV is not an easy task, since the disease cannot be completely reversed. However, worldwide use of anti-retroviral therapy has helped in controlling the spread and transmission of disease. Use of medications, regular screening and close contact with caregivers and physicians is necessary for proper management of the disease. Despite, available treatment options, a difficult obstacle that arises before or during the treatment is drug resistance.

Drugs are aimed at targeting the disease-causing pathogens like bacteria and viruses. These pathogens, over a period of time, develop the ability to acquire resistance against the targeted drugs. The pathogens continue multiplying despite the presence of the drug in the system. In today’s scenario, the potent drug combination of anti-retroviral therapy (ARV) has been successful in remarkably reducing HIV-related mortality. However, an increased emergence of resistance to the drug therapy is concerning.

Amongst the various drug classes available in the ARV, no drug is resistance-proof. The drugs belonging to the same class have a similar mechanism of action against the virus. So resistance developed against a particular class of drug inevitably leads to resistance against all the other drugs belonging to that class. An individual with HIV infection may have one or more drug-resistant mutations, which makes the person less sensitive to one or more anti-retroviral drugs. When the replication of virus in the system is not suppressed fully, a resistance towards it develops.

Non-compliance of the ARV results in resistance. Resistant viruses can spread the infection and affect ARV therapy. Drug resistance is usually attributed to inadequate adherence to the regimen. But in some cases, strict adherence to the drug is seen, yet there is a presence of resistance due to poor absorption. This implies that since the drug is not getting adequately absorbed in the body, it is unable to prevent the replication thus leading to drug resistance.

Anti-retroviral treatment is aimed at limiting the replication of HIV in the body. Various drug classes target different steps of replication, which stops further replicating and infecting of the cells. The nucleo-capsid contains viral genome and three enzymes vital to HIV life cycle:

  • Reverse transcriptase - Transcribes viral RNA genome into complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
  • Integrase - Facilitates incorporation of pro-viral DNA into host cell genome
  • Protease - Cleaves viral polypeptide into individual functional enzymes

Drugs targeted on these steps are as follows

  • Nucleoside and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors like Nevirapine and Efavirenz act on the reverse transcriptase enzyme.
  • Integrase inhibitor Raltegravir acts on the Integrase enzyme.
  • Protease inhibitors like Ritonavir, Indinavir, Saquinavir act on the Protease enzyme.
  • Fusion inhibitor Enfuvirtide acts to prevent fusion of HIV with cell membranes.
  • CCR5 inhibitor Maraviroc block the CCR5 co-receptor.
  • A viral mutation occurring at any stage of this process can affect the efficacy of the drug therapy.

The emergence of drug resistance can be managed by evaluation of drug absorption and ensure strict adherence to the drug schedule. Genotype tests can be done to look for drug-resistant mutations in genes. Phenotype tests are done for measuring the ability of a virus in an individual to undergo replication in different drug concentrations. A successfully administered and effectively acted first-line drug treatment, preferably a 3-drug combination, reduces the chances of drug resistance in future.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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HIV - Possible Ways It Can Spread!

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
HIV - Possible Ways It Can Spread!

Anybody can get infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) irrespective of his or her age, sex, race, and religion. The infected person can transmit the infection even when the signs and symptoms are not evident. So, let’s see the possible reasons for which one can get infected.

First, let us know which fluids in the body can contain HIV (when the person is infected):

  • Blood
  • Vaginal fluids
  • Menstrual blood
  • Semen
  • Preseminal fluid
  • Breast milk
  • Lining inside the anus, vagina, and genitalia (mucous membranes)

Other body fluids which don’t contain HIV are:

  • Saliva
  • Sweat
  • Urine
  • Stool
  • Tears

The ways for transmission of HIV infection are:

Sexual transmission: 

  • When homosexual men have unprotected anal intercourse.
  • When heterosexual men and women have unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
  • Sharing sexual toys and objects with an infected person.
  • Having another sexually transmitted infection which produces open sores or cuts on the genitals through which HIV can enter in the body.
  • When the person providing oral sex has mouth ulcers, sores, or bleeding gums.
  • Lack of circumcision in men as studies have demonstrated that lack of circumcision increases the risk of HIV infection.
  • Using drugs to enhance sex, as this can lead to sex with multiple partners, unprotected sex, or using same needles or syringes for drug administration.

In order of higher to lower possibility of transmission: When homosexual men have unprotected anal intercourse. When heterosexual men and women have unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Sharing sexual toys and objects with an infected person. Having another sexually transmitted infection which produces open sores or cuts on the genitals through which HIV can enter in the body. When the person providing oral sex has mouth ulcers, sores, or bleeding gums. Lack of circumcision in men as studies have demonstrated that circumcised men have relatively lower chances to get HIV infection. Using drugs to enhance sex, as this can lead to sex with multiple partners, unprotected sex, or using same needles or syringes for drug administration and traumatic sex.

Perinatal transmission:

Infected mothers can pass the virus to their babies during pregnancy, delivery, or through breastfeeding. This transmission can be prevented if the mother takes a proper treatment during pregnancy. 

Blood transmission: 

  • Contact of blood with infected body fluids like blood, semen, and vaginal fluid.
  • Using intravenous drugs where people often share needles and syringes.
  • Through blood transfusion (this is rare nowadays because blood samples are checked before blood transfusion) 
  • Healthcare workers who accidentally prick themselves with an infected needle or are exposed to blood or organs of an infected person
  • By using nonsterile instruments (during surgical operation) which may have been used for an HIV-positive patient. Currently, even this scenario is also very rare because precautionary measures are taken care of during surgeries.
  • Due to organ and tissue transplant of an infected person
  • By getting tattoos or body piercing done with shared needles or improperly sterilized devices 
  • By sharing blades and razors with an infected person

HIV does not transmit through: 

  • Skin-to-skin contact like hugging, shaking hands, or kissing
  • Contact with air or water
  • Contact with saliva, tears, or sweat (unless mixed with the blood of an infected person)
  • Sharing a toilet, towels, or bedding
  • By mosquitoes or other insects
  • Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3328 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi Recently, I had sex with prostitute with first time in life. But thats was protected sex. That time I touched upper surface of condom. After 15 min of travelling by bus I reached to home. And I washed my face with facewash. That time my pimple popup and slight blood has came may be hiv virus on my hand may touch to my slight blood came while washing with facewash. will get hiv? Or hiv infection?

Doctor of Medicine, Diploma in Family Medicine, KING GEORGE'S MEDICAL UNIVERSITY.LUCKNOW
HIV Specialist, Ghaziabad
Hello. I will say the same as one Dr. replied to your query. Nothing to worry. Relax.just to add- hiv does not get transmitted this way.
1 person found this helpful

Had unprotected anal sex with a small. After 5 months I took hiv combs test and negative. Shall I take elisa or tridot whether to confirm for second time.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Hiv-4th generation test which tests both antibodies and p24 antigen. After 4 months of exposure if negative is reasonably reliable.

Hello doctor, I went to massage parlour which is a decent professional massage centre. In the course of massage at the end, I insisted the massage girl give a hand job but she denied. After that, she gave me a brief hand job for 60 seconds. And occasionally she holds my penis very tightly and pulled tightly twice and rubbed my penis shaft twice each for 10 seconds. She touched the precum twice. In the end, I myself given a hand job and finished it. After that I checked my penis and my hands there is no visible blood. Also after cleaning and bathing (after 15 mins) I checked the massage girl hands there are no visible cuts. What if she had pin size cut and a few drops of blood bleed on my penis while she masturbates me is there a risk for hiv?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. If she had a pin sized cut and a few drops of blood on your penis while she masturbated you and if she is hiv positive and if you also had a cut on your penis, or her blood came into contact with your ureter, there is a chance of hiv. But in your case none of these are satisfied. Hope I have answered your query. You can contact me for further advice and treatment options. Let me know if I can assist you further. Take care.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is HIV AIDS?

Where does HIV arise from?

How does HIV spread?

Play video
New Treatment Options In HIV
HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a type of immune disorder which attacks the immune system of the body and slowly destroys it overtime. The HIV virus targets the immune system and makes the body susceptible to other diseases. HIV infection can progress to AIDS although it may take up to 10 or 12 years to fully go into the last stage.
Play video
HIV/AIDS: Facts You Need To Know!

My name is Dr Ishwar gilada and I am one of the first positions in the field of HIV AIDS in India. I started my HIV career in 1985 and I started this private clinic called UNICEF Medical Research Centre in 1995 which is India's first private sector HIV clinic. This is fully comprehensive under all facilities are available here are like consultation, counselling, different type of testing PCR, x-ray, sonography everything is done here. I feel privileged to talk about HIV AIDS then section was started in 1981 in India.

The first cases were in 1985-86 and over the years it has become very much news worthy disease initially it was considered as deadly disease. Lot of people were dying because of HIV AIDS and people were thinking there is no treatment so why should we get the test done. In last 10-15 years it has become chronic manageable disorder and when we talk about Chronic manageable it just means hypertension or Diabetes where you don't have to be sick and you don't have to be dying of HIV AIDS moreover.

The treatment of HIV AIDS has become very cheap. It is affordable so even if somebody cannot afford they can to government Centre where they can get ART or antiretroviral therapy free of charge but even in private setup the treatment which are costing close to 1 lakh to 1.5 Lakh in Abroad. It is costing 2000 to 3000 per month in India. HIV is mainly transmitted through sexual routes also it can be transmitted from mother to child and through blood transfusion however more than 95% of the transmission is from sexual transmission people think that they are not doing anything wrong they are better than others and usually they do not want to take up any test because they think like just I am holier than others and better than others.

However it is just like a ticketless traveller or like a pickpocket where every pickpocketing incident or every ticketless incident is risk by itself you can be caught anytime but every time you are doing that it is at risk. There are people who have done this hundreds of times but cannot get HIV AIDS but there are people who have done it once and they are HIV positive but if you get the test done and if you manage and proper guidance under proper expert then you don't have to die of HIV.

You don't have to be hospitalized for HIV and over the years we have seen you don't lose any years of your life if you are managed very well moreover if you are married and you are infected you can prevent your partner from getting infected if women is positive you can have HIV negative child. Many people do not know this in this clinic we have managed so many hundreds and thousands of patients and in last several years 160 childrens are born with HIV positive mothers and babies are not infected with HIV. So that much has happened now if you compare HIV AIDS with other diseases then there are people who are surviving with HIV AIDS leading full normal life and proper productive life and they are not even getting sick sometimes relative of the patient who are not HIV positive they are getting sick and their dying and they are not getting examine or getting any test done. so in simplistic Hindi I would like to tell, "ab nahi AIDS Ek Khatarnak Bimari par jaanch karne mein hai samajhdari."

India has played a great role in making all the molecules of HIV AIDS which are required for the treatment available and affordable for common people not only so almost 92% world's antiretroviral therapy are HIV treatment is supply from India and we take Pride that India is a different country by itself. What is required is you take precautions if you are HIV positive, if you forgot to take precautions are even after taking precautions you got HIV you get the examination done and if it is HIV positive you start the treatment currently the principal is test and treat you get the test done and if you are positive then start the treatment agreeing to that you are preventing yourself from becoming sick or becoming hospitalized or having any kind of problems where your life span can be shorter and by doing also that.

If you are under any proper care and taking proper medicine then you become undetectable the current principal is if you are undetectable to the virus you are untranslatable of the virus that means if you are undetectable and the virus is not seen in our system where we are doing viral. You can't transfer virus to your spouse or mother to child or to somebody else through your sexual activity so basically if that is done, you are living a perfect normal life so why being shy about it.

Nowadays stigma about HIV AIDS is also going down instead people are feeling to get test done. Lot of people come for pre manage test before both boy and girl want to find out whether they are HIV positive or not if there are any STD or Diabetes it is called pre marriage health check up similarly lot of people taking a major step in life. They want to be sure whether the life is secure if they are infected with anything and that's the way the life is going on the common symptoms majorly is are very much common and their also seen in the diseases like tuberculosis or other such disorders and most of them are like fever cough loose motion weight loss some time they get HIV specific symptoms some of them are like special meningitis.

They can have herpes zosters on a single which are called Dhani orcerin in Hindi and Gujarati so these are the some of the symptoms but however symptom to not come on its own there has to be some history associated with that somebody has taken a risk and then they have symptoms. They must get the examination done and must get the test done once the test is done they can decide the duration of the infection the person could have been infected for some years then we can decide what are the natural course of life? And how much life can be change by adding medicines to the patient? And once the test is done we start the treatment therefore they do not get sick because of the HIV or other related sickness sometimes the illness is cardiothoracic and neuromuscular diseases renal problems.

But diseases are not connected to HIV, because in HIV diseases. Those diseases possibilities manifestation are very less so people with HIV AIDS they need a very much perfect normal life once they are on treatment therefore we should not shy away from the treatment as I told the stigma and discretion of HIV AIDS is going down there has been an HIV AIDS Act 2017 by if someone is not provided with proper care if somebody is discriminated, somebody is stigmatize from HIV the other person can be penalised for even jail for those people who are troubling HIV positive people so my request to those people who are taking risk of sexual activity with partners or unprotected sex they must get their testing done for HIV and sexually transmitted diseases and once if they are positive of HIV get treatment.

If you are negative and continue your life by taking precautions or preventive measures so that you can not get HIV are stds thank you those who feel that they at risk of HIV or STD or do you feel that there are some relatives are at risk of HIV they can go to the website
Play video
Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) & HIV
Do you know about the different types of sexually transmitted diseases and how they are caused? STDs are caused mostly by bacterial infections. The bacteria get transmitted while having sex, in the case of most common STDs. There are several STDs which commonly occur in people, primarily because of having unprotected sex.
Play video
Hearing that a person is HIV positive instantly makes us wary of him or her and unconsciously we may begin avoiding social interactions with them. However, HIV does not spread through the air or by water health and hence there is no reason to ostracize HIV positive people.
Play video
Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) For HIV

My name is Yogesh Tandon and in this video, I am gonna talk about post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for HIV. PEP is the combination of anti-HIV medicines. It is given to you if there is high risk exposure of HIV like condom break, unprotected sex, sexual assault, sharing needles. PEP stops, HIV replicating itself and spreading to your body , reduces the chances of you becoming HIV positive.

It is not effective after 72 hours of exposure. PEP must be taken at the same time, everyday for 4 weeks. However it does not 100% protect you from HIV. You need to be tested for HIV before and 4th and 6th week after starting PEP. It is safe but it can cause some side-effects like nausea, vomiting and tiredness which can be treated easily.

If you think you are in risk of infected HIV, visit your doctor immediately. It is available in all HIV clinic. Thanks for watching the videos. If you wanna contact us, you can contact us through Lybrate or you can visit my clinic, Tondon's Clinic, New Delhi
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