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Overview

Flu: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Flu or influenza is a very common disease caused by RNA virus in both animals, birds and even humans. Flu often stands similar to infections caused by other viruses. Diagnosing flu becomes a problem for the doctor as it is difficult to identify the virus causing it and most doctor’s end up naming it as a flu-type infection or disorder. Amongst three different influenza virus, A and B are mostly the cause of flu. Flu is observed to spread mostly in winter, different virus tends to spread flu in every winter.

Flu infection is extremely communicable in nature. Flu gets infected from person to person very easily, like being exposed to sneezing or coughing of an infected person or even touching the surface of virus disposition. Some of the common symptoms that indicate that a person has got flu are high temperature or fever, headache, nausea, dry cough, sneezing, severe sore throat, pain-stricken joints and muscles and sweat. On the other hand, if you tend to face severe symptoms like difficulty in breathing, dizziness, chest or abdominal pain, confusion and blurred vision you must not keep neglecting as these symptoms may arouse the emergency of getting admitted in hospital. It is important to differentiate between flu and cold symptoms and thus calls for the immediacy of consulting a doctor for a proper diagnosis and medication to avoid further growth of infection.

How is the treatment done?

The primary job of the doctor is to get a detailed information regarding the symptoms you are facing. The doctor may ask you for an influenza diagnosis test. In this test, the doctor will take a swab sample from the back of the throat or nose. The results can be generated within few minutes and finally help the doctor to frame proper diagnosis on the symptoms the person is suffering from.

Generally, the vital treatment of flu is to take long rest for about few days and have more amount of fluid in a day. Fluids like soups, juice avoids dehydration and help in improving the condition. In extreme cases, the doctor prescribes antibiotics to enhance the recovery process. Medications are different for persons with asthma and respiratory problems.

In case of patients who have been neglecting the symptoms and end up with worse symptoms like shortened breath, dizziness, excessive headache and more are advised to undergo hospital treatment in order to get control of the condition. The more you take rest, more your body becomes resistant and fight against the infection. Proper care and a strict diet can help in normalizing the condition and get you recovered with 1 week.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

People experiencing symptoms of flu are suggested to visit a doctor and undergo treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Person with no such problem of cold or flu related symptoms do not need to undergo treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Medicines produce various side effects in the patient. Antibiotics prescribed by doctors to patients for flu may lead to side effects like dizziness, nausea, vomiting tendency, insomnia, discomfort or redness in eyes, nosebleed and also respiratory issues. Once you come across any of unusual effects from medicines, you must inform it to the doctor and he might substitute the medicine.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Even when you finally recover from flu, you should maintain few guidelines to avoid any further reoccurrence of symptoms. Rest should be taken until you attain proper recovery. You should maintain few habits that would avoid getting infected with virus and germs. Do remember to use a handkerchief when u sneeze and cough. Remain away from the person carrying germs. Have plenty of water in a day. It helps you to keep hydrated.

How long does it take to recover?

With proper medication and care, recovery from flu is attained within 1 or 2 weeks. However, the body pain and head ache can linger for 7 seven days.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The treatment includes consultation fees of the doctor and medical expenses. For serious cases, patients are admitted to hospitals that includes much higher treatment cost.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Medication and proper care results in permanent recovery. At the same time, being exposed to infection near future may result in flu again. You must maintain guidelines to avoid it.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Flu can be treated well at home itself until you reach severe condition to take medicines. Taking rest and drinking more fluid will help a lot. Added to that, a proper diet with vitamin C and vitamin D is a must. You can also have Echinacea, the herb that helps in stimulating immunity to fight against infection in the body. Zinc and essential oil also help in boosting immunity. Honey and cinnamon in hot water show amazing results fastening up the recovery process. Ginger tea is a bliss at this time.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Very Low Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Rs 800- Rs 1200

Popular Health Tips

Flu - Can It Affect Your Pregnancy?

DGO , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Flu - Can It Affect Your Pregnancy?

When you are pregnant, the need to watch your health is significantly higher. It is not just a question of your health, but of the developing baby also. This makes it extremely significant as different bacteria and viruses could affect the baby’s development and even lead to complications with pregnancy and childbirth.

The flu, short for influenza, is a mild viral infection that affects the upper airways, including the nose, throat, and sinuses. The usual symptoms include nose blockage, runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, cough, heavy headed feeling. It is caused by a virus and therefore there is no remedy for it. It has to run its course which usually takes about 7 days, and the body will fight off the infection on its own.

Symptomatic treatment including paracetamol and adequate hydration can help live through the flu. Though it is common in any weather, the winters increase the risk.

Another increased risk factor is the reduced immune levels in a pregnant woman, making them more prone to catching the flu. This could lead to complications like pneumonia which might require hospitalisation and prolonged treatment with antibiotics. The baby could also be at risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, and premature birth.

Symptoms: If you do catch the flu during your pregnancy, you will notice the following symptoms a headache, runny nose, fatigue, sore throat, shortness of breath, coughing, sudden chills or fever, diarrhoea or vomiting, and body aches, and loss of appetite.

Management: If you suspect that you could have the flu, contact the doctor immediately. Taking safe antiviral medications can help reduce the duration of the illness and reduce pain and suffering. In addition, getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of fluids can help recovery. Acetaminophen can help manage the fever, while Robitussin and guaifenesin can help manage the cough.

Prevention: If you are planning for pregnancy or are already pregnant, it makes great sense to get vaccinated for the flu. This can help prevent a flu attack and sail through pregnancy smoothly. In addition to protecting the mother, the flu vaccine also transmits the virus to the newborn, which gets immunity for up to 6 months of life. The vaccine also has a beneficial effect on the newborn.

It is safe to get the flu vaccine during pregnancy, though taking it in the early months is advisable. It is also safe during breastfeeding with no harmful effects documented. In addition, some healthy habits like regularly washing hands, eating healthy, getting adequate sleep, and keeping a safe distance from people with flu can help prevent flu attack.

While prevention is the best solution, if contracted, the flu can be managed well by seeking immediate medical attention.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4298 people found this helpful

6 Pregnancy Complications To Watch Out For!

MBBS, MD
Gynaecologist, Delhi
6 Pregnancy Complications To Watch Out For!

Pregnancy is considered to be one of the most challenging and important phases in the life of a woman.

Pregnancy Complications are health problems that occur during pregnancy. They can involve the mother’s health, the baby’s health, or both. Some women have health problems before they become pregnant that could lead to complications. Other problems arise during the pregnancy. Keep in mind that whether a complication is common or rare, there are ways to manage problems that come up during pregnancy.

Some complications that might occur during pregnancy are discussed below:

  1. Severe Nausea and Vomiting: It is common for nausea and vomiting to occur during a pregnancy. In order to avoid this condition, one should consume several small meals throughout the day and completely avoid spicy and fatty foods.
  2. A persistent abdominal pain, severe headache, swelling and visual disturbances during the third trimester: This can be a fatal condition and often is a sign of high blood preeclampsia (pregnancy complication involving high blood pressure as well as damage to another organ system). It can be diagnosed early using good prenatal care which essentially comprises of frequent check-ups with the doctor and all the necessary treatment during pregnancy.
  3. Flu Symptoms: It is recommended that flu vaccine should be administered to pregnant women as they usually tend to develop the disease during their pregnancy.
  4. Gestational Diabetes: Gestational diabetes can increase the chance of a larger baby at birth and create delivery complications, increase your risk for high blood pressure and cause the baby to have blood sugar problems after birth. If you are diagnosed, it’s important to consult your gynecologist to control your blood sugar level, which can often be done through diet and exercise.
  5. Baby’s activity level significantly declines: Sometimes, the activity of a previously active baby might decline. This can be felt by reducing the number of the kicks by the baby. The doctor has specific equipment that aids in identifying and resolving the problem.
  6. Bleeding: Heavy bleeding accompanied by abdominal pain and menstrual-type cramps during the first trimester might indicate an ectopic pregnancy (embryo is implanted outside one’s uterus) or a miscarriage while occurrence in the third semester indicates placental abruption (characterized by the placenta separating from the womb’s walls). Any form of bleeding warrants the immediate attention of the doctor. Steps to avoid bleeding include bed rest, avoiding heavy work, and keeping yourself hydrated.

A Healthy Pregnancy-

The best way to ensure a healthy pregnancy is to focus on the things you can control and don’t obsess about what could happen. Take good care of yourself and your developing baby and talk with a healthcare provider when you have concerns.

3983 people found this helpful

Don't Ignore These Warning Signs During Pregnancy!

MBBS, DGO
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Don't Ignore These Warning Signs During Pregnancy!

If you want to have a safe pregnancy by curtailing all sorts of complications, then you have to promptly respond to warning bells. There are certain warning symptoms that should not be neglected at all as that might put your pregnancy in danger. 

  1. Bleeding: This kind of situation cannot be ignored as that often leads to serious issues like placental abruption or miscarriage. In this case, you are definitely in need of the assistance of any expert doctor.
  2. Swollen face or hands: Slightly swollen face or hands in pregnancy are normal, but if you observe excessive puffiness, especially on your feet and ankles, then it is a warning sign as it might lead to toxaemia or PIH. Therefore, consulting a doctor is very much needed in this regard.
  3. Abdominal pain: Round ligament pain is quite normal, and you do not have to worry about the same. But if the pain is accompanied by bleeding, then the danger of miscarriage might come into being, and thus you should be very much alert about the same.
  4. Blurring vision: Both blurring vision and dizziness are the commonest pregnancy symptoms. But if they get increased suddenly, visit your doctor. 
  5. Itching: Itching is common during pregnancy mostly due to stretching of the skin. Your skin also becomes dry. But if it continues for long, then you should check the same with your doctor for avoiding liver disorder. 
  6. Fever: Exposure to flu and cold viruses increases during pregnancy, as a result of which fever occurs. But if the fever lasts for more than 48 hours, then viral conditions can be expected, which are pretty dangerous. 
  7. Unwanted back pain: Normal pain in pregnancy is alright, but excessive pain might indicate bladder or kidney infections, preterm labour, miscarriage or cyst. All these conditions should be essentially avoided to ensure a healthy pregnancy.
  8. Gushing of fluid: If you are not in labour, but are feeling wet constantly, then it is better to see a doctor. There might be a great possibility of breaking of water, and this is quite dangerous in the advanced stage of pregnancy. 
  9. Less movement of baby: Experiencing baby kicking is quite natural during pregnancy, and if stops suddenly, then there is something wrong. Kicking patterns should be followed and then only you will be able to realize whether the baby is normal or not. If you are facing any of the above symptoms, then immediately visit your doctor.
3629 people found this helpful

Acute Upper Respiratory Infection: Causes and Symptoms

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Acute Upper Respiratory Infection: Causes and Symptoms

Upper respiratory infection (URI) is a condition, which involves illness, mainly caused by critical infection in the upper respiratory tract. This region includes the pharynx, larynx, nose and sinus. This infection causes diseases, such as tonsillitis (tonsils get inflamed), pharyngitis (causes sore throat) sinusitis (nasal passage becomes inflamed), laryngitis (voice box in your throat gets inflamed) and common cold.

Causes of upper respiratory infection (URI):

  1. Both virus and bacteria cause upper respiratory infection (URI). The most common form of virus causing this infection is known as 'rhinovirus.'
  2. The immune system of young adults and children are often very vulnerable. Hence, they are more likely to develop upper respiratory tract infection.
  3. URI is also contagious and airborne in nature. So if a person comes in contact with an infected person suffering from URI, he/she is likely to develop this infection.
  4. Not washing hands before meals can also cause upper respiratory infection because the virus can be transferred easily to the mouth and can travel into your system.
  5. If you have any lung problem or heart disease, you are more likely to be susceptible to upper respiratory infection.
  6. Those who already have inflamed tonsils can trigger tonsillitis by drinking any cold or spicy beverage like ice-creams or cold milkshakes.
  7. Exposure to some flu or cold can cause pharyngitis. It can also be caused by second hand smoking.
  8. Birth defects or structural defects in the nasal cavity or nasal polyps can cause sinusitis. Sometimes the inside part of the nose may get swollen due to common cold and block your ducts. This is a common cause for sinusitis.

Symptoms of acute upper respiratory infection:

  1. Congestion in the lungs or nasal area.
  2. Whooping cough
  3. Running nose due to common cold.
  4. Feelings of fatigue and lethargy throughout the day.
  5. Your body will start aching without engaging in any physical exercise.
  6. You can also lose consciousness in severe respiratory tract infections.
  7. Difficulty in breathing.
  8. Oxygen levels in blood drop down drastically.

Sometimes in worse cases, acute upper respiratory tract infection (URI) can also cause respiratory failure, respiratory arrest and congestive heart failure. Therefore, it is necessary to book an appointment with a doctor as soon as you start experiencing the above symptoms. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pulmonologist.

5523 people found this helpful

Influenza Vaccine - Why is it Important for Kids?

Senior Residency, MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Influenza Vaccine - Why is it Important for Kids?

Influenza is more commonly known as the flu. It is an infection that affects the respiratory system and is caused by the influenza virus. This injection is recommended for kids who are under the age of 6 months. It ensures that the baby is safeguarded from the virus during an influenza outbreak. Since the nature of virus changes year on year, the immunity doesn’t last for more than 1 year. This vaccination is ideally taken during the month of October and November. The effect of the vaccination typically lasts for 6-8 months.

Ideally, kids who have never had a flu vaccination should take 2 vaccinations within 4 weeks. Kids who have received a shot of flu should undertake this vaccination once in a year. This arrangement is ideal up to 9 years of age. Flu shot is extremely important for a kid due to the following reasons:

  • It saves a kid from chronic lung and heart disorders such as asthma and cystic fibrosis
  • Kids suffering from immune deficiency, cancer, and HIV should take this vaccination to avoid further complication of the existing disease
  • Kids suffering from diabetes, kidney diseases, and metabolic disorders should go for this vaccination without a second thought
  • Kids suffering from a neurological disorder, haemoglobin deficiency, and anaemia should take this vaccination to refrain from the risk of aggravation of the present disease
  • Pregnant women should ideally take it for the safeguarding the fetus

Flu shot should not be taken be taken if:
1. A baby is under the age of 6 months.
2. The baby has thimerosal allergy.

Is flu shot safe?
The flu shot is considered to be very safe. It does not result in flu. Few side effects include:
a. Soreness of the place where the needle is injected. This doesn’t last for more than a couple of day.
b. Body ache and mild fever for the first couple of days after the vaccination is done.
c. There is little to no pain in the place where the injection is injected by the doctor.

What is nasal flu vaccine?
This is an influenza dose that is not injected into the body, but given in the form of nasal spray. Healthy kids above the age of 2 years are fit to get this injection. For those kids who have a history of chronic illness should check with their doctor to go ahead with nasal spray. Each dose is given in each nostril. Like the influenza vaccine, nasal flu vaccine should be undertaken once for those who have already taken this dose once. Kids who have not undergone this vaccination are eligible for 2 dosages each 4 weeks apart from each other. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.

2545 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am having a sever cold and also I am having esophageal ulcer. I am taking zinetac 150 for esophagus ulcer. I want to know can I take crocin cold and flu for cold?

PhD, Human Energy Fields, Diploma in PIP, EFI, Aura scanning for Health evaluation; Energy field assessment, Fellowship Cardiac Rehabilitation, Cardiac Rehabilitation, MD (Ayur - Mind Body Med), Mind Body Medicine
Non-Invasive Conservative Cardiac Care Specialist, Pune
Dear You have to treat th ulcer, not only take anti acids. Apply glycerin on the ulcer. Eat only alkaline foods to help resolve from within. Drink lots of sweet fruit juices. Not add sugar to juice, but sweet fruit. Vitamins will help you heal. Resist all oily, spicy and stale food. Regards.
1 person found this helpful

Am having cold & flu and I think it's troubling me more this time. And even in my hand their is a wound what should I do.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Homoeopathy has good treatment for your problem. Take homoeopathic medicine Eupatorium perf 200 daily in the morning (5 to 6 pills each time). Contact me for any further consultation if required.

I am Suffering From Influenza With Running Nose From last two days kindly Suggest Some Remedy.

CCEBDM, PG Diploma In Clinical Cardiology, MBBS
General Physician, Ghaziabad
Take bath little warm water, drink warm water, gargle with salt water 3 times, do steam inhalation once, no cold drinks, ice cream no cold water ,for medicine contact on private chat.

What is nipah virus how do it spread. Why the get pimples on his face and shade of a face.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Transmission of Nipah virus to humans may occur after direct contact with infected bats, infected pigs, or from other NiV infected people.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
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