Flu or influenza is a very common disease caused by RNA virus in both animals, birds and even humans. Flu often stands similar to infections caused by other viruses. Diagnosing flu becomes a problem for the doctor as it is difficult to identify the virus causing it and most doctor’s end up naming it as a flu-type infection or disorder. Amongst three different influenza virus, A and B are mostly the cause of flu. Flu is observed to spread mostly in winter, different virus tends to spread flu in every winter.
Flu infection is extremely communicable in nature. Flu gets infected from person to person very easily, like being exposed to sneezing or coughing of an infected person or even touching the surface of virus disposition. Some of the common symptoms that indicate that a person has got flu are high temperature or fever, headache, nausea, dry cough, sneezing, severe sore throat, pain-stricken joints and muscles and sweat. On the other hand, if you tend to face severe symptoms like difficulty in breathing, dizziness, chest or abdominal pain, confusion and blurred vision you must not keep neglecting as these symptoms may arouse the emergency of getting admitted in hospital. It is important to differentiate between flu and cold symptoms and thus calls for the immediacy of consulting a doctor for a proper diagnosis and medication to avoid further growth of infection.
The primary job of the doctor is to get a detailed information regarding the symptoms you are facing. The doctor may ask you for an influenza diagnosis test. In this test, the doctor will take a swab sample from the back of the throat or nose. The results can be generated within few minutes and finally help the doctor to frame proper diagnosis on the symptoms the person is suffering from.
Generally, the vital treatment of flu is to take long rest for about few days and have more amount of fluid in a day. Fluids like soups, juice avoids dehydration and help in improving the condition. In extreme cases, the doctor prescribes antibiotics to enhance the recovery process. Medications are different for persons with asthma and respiratory problems.
In case of patients who have been neglecting the symptoms and end up with worse symptoms like shortened breath, dizziness, excessive headache and more are advised to undergo hospital treatment in order to get control of the condition. The more you take rest, more your body becomes resistant and fight against the infection. Proper care and a strict diet can help in normalizing the condition and get you recovered with 1 week.
People experiencing symptoms of flu are suggested to visit a doctor and undergo treatment.
Person with no such problem of cold or flu related symptoms do not need to undergo treatment.
Medicines produce various side effects in the patient. Antibiotics prescribed by doctors to patients for flu may lead to side effects like dizziness, nausea, vomiting tendency, insomnia, discomfort or redness in eyes, nosebleed and also respiratory issues. Once you come across any of unusual effects from medicines, you must inform it to the doctor and he might substitute the medicine.
Even when you finally recover from flu, you should maintain few guidelines to avoid any further reoccurrence of symptoms. Rest should be taken until you attain proper recovery. You should maintain few habits that would avoid getting infected with virus and germs. Do remember to use a handkerchief when u sneeze and cough. Remain away from the person carrying germs. Have plenty of water in a day. It helps you to keep hydrated.
With proper medication and care, recovery from flu is attained within 1 or 2 weeks. However, the body pain and head ache can linger for 7 seven days.
The treatment includes consultation fees of the doctor and medical expenses. For serious cases, patients are admitted to hospitals that includes much higher treatment cost.
Medication and proper care results in permanent recovery. At the same time, being exposed to infection near future may result in flu again. You must maintain guidelines to avoid it.
Flu can be treated well at home itself until you reach severe condition to take medicines. Taking rest and drinking more fluid will help a lot. Added to that, a proper diet with vitamin C and vitamin D is a must. You can also have Echinacea, the herb that helps in stimulating immunity to fight against infection in the body. Zinc and essential oil also help in boosting immunity. Honey and cinnamon in hot water show amazing results fastening up the recovery process. Ginger tea is a bliss at this time.
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When you are pregnant, the need to watch your health is significantly higher. It is not just a question of your health, but of the developing baby also. This makes it extremely significant as different bacteria and viruses could affect the baby’s development and even lead to complications with pregnancy and childbirth.
The flu, short for influenza, is a mild viral infection that affects the upper airways, including the nose, throat, and sinuses. The usual symptoms include nose blockage, runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, cough, heavy headed feeling. It is caused by a virus and therefore there is no remedy for it. It has to run its course which usually takes about 7 days, and the body will fight off the infection on its own.
Symptomatic treatment including paracetamol and adequate hydration can help live through the flu. Though it is common in any weather, the winters increase the risk.
Another increased risk factor is the reduced immune levels in a pregnant woman, making them more prone to catching the flu. This could lead to complications like pneumonia which might require hospitalisation and prolonged treatment with antibiotics. The baby could also be at risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, and premature birth.
Symptoms: If you do catch the flu during your pregnancy, you will notice the following symptoms a headache, runny nose, fatigue, sore throat, shortness of breath, coughing, sudden chills or fever, diarrhoea or vomiting, and body aches, and loss of appetite.
Management: If you suspect that you could have the flu, contact the doctor immediately. Taking safe antiviral medications can help reduce the duration of the illness and reduce pain and suffering. In addition, getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of fluids can help recovery. Acetaminophen can help manage the fever, while Robitussin and guaifenesin can help manage the cough.
Prevention: If you are planning for pregnancy or are already pregnant, it makes great sense to get vaccinated for the flu. This can help prevent a flu attack and sail through pregnancy smoothly. In addition to protecting the mother, the flu vaccine also transmits the virus to the newborn, which gets immunity for up to 6 months of life. The vaccine also has a beneficial effect on the newborn.
It is safe to get the flu vaccine during pregnancy, though taking it in the early months is advisable. It is also safe during breastfeeding with no harmful effects documented. In addition, some healthy habits like regularly washing hands, eating healthy, getting adequate sleep, and keeping a safe distance from people with flu can help prevent flu attack.
While prevention is the best solution, if contracted, the flu can be managed well by seeking immediate medical attention.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Pregnancy Complications are health problems that occur during pregnancy. They can involve the mother’s health, the baby’s health, or both. Some women have health problems before they become pregnant that could lead to complications. Other problems arise during the pregnancy. Keep in mind that whether a complication is common or rare, there are ways to manage problems that come up during pregnancy.
Some complications that might occur during pregnancy are discussed below:
A Healthy Pregnancy-
The best way to ensure a healthy pregnancy is to focus on the things you can control and don’t obsess about what could happen. Take good care of yourself and your developing baby and talk with a healthcare provider when you have concerns.
If you want to have a safe pregnancy by curtailing all sorts of complications, then you have to promptly respond to warning bells. There are certain warning symptoms that should not be neglected at all as that might put your pregnancy in danger.
Upper respiratory infection (URI) is a condition, which involves illness, mainly caused by critical infection in the upper respiratory tract. This region includes the pharynx, larynx, nose and sinus. This infection causes diseases, such as tonsillitis (tonsils get inflamed), pharyngitis (causes sore throat) sinusitis (nasal passage becomes inflamed), laryngitis (voice box in your throat gets inflamed) and common cold.
Causes of upper respiratory infection (URI):
Symptoms of acute upper respiratory infection:
Sometimes in worse cases, acute upper respiratory tract infection (URI) can also cause respiratory failure, respiratory arrest and congestive heart failure. Therefore, it is necessary to book an appointment with a doctor as soon as you start experiencing the above symptoms. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pulmonologist.
Influenza is more commonly known as the flu. It is an infection that affects the respiratory system and is caused by the influenza virus. This injection is recommended for kids who are under the age of 6 months. It ensures that the baby is safeguarded from the virus during an influenza outbreak. Since the nature of virus changes year on year, the immunity doesn’t last for more than 1 year. This vaccination is ideally taken during the month of October and November. The effect of the vaccination typically lasts for 6-8 months.
Ideally, kids who have never had a flu vaccination should take 2 vaccinations within 4 weeks. Kids who have received a shot of flu should undertake this vaccination once in a year. This arrangement is ideal up to 9 years of age. Flu shot is extremely important for a kid due to the following reasons:
Flu shot should not be taken be taken if:
1. A baby is under the age of 6 months.
2. The baby has thimerosal allergy.
Is flu shot safe?
The flu shot is considered to be very safe. It does not result in flu. Few side effects include:
a. Soreness of the place where the needle is injected. This doesn’t last for more than a couple of day.
b. Body ache and mild fever for the first couple of days after the vaccination is done.
c. There is little to no pain in the place where the injection is injected by the doctor.
What is nasal flu vaccine?
This is an influenza dose that is not injected into the body, but given in the form of nasal spray. Healthy kids above the age of 2 years are fit to get this injection. For those kids who have a history of chronic illness should check with their doctor to go ahead with nasal spray. Each dose is given in each nostril. Like the influenza vaccine, nasal flu vaccine should be undertaken once for those who have already taken this dose once. Kids who have not undergone this vaccination are eligible for 2 dosages each 4 weeks apart from each other. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.