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Overview

Flu: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Flu or influenza is a very common disease caused by RNA virus in both animals, birds and even humans. Flu often stands similar to infections caused by other viruses. Diagnosing flu becomes a problem for the doctor as it is difficult to identify the virus causing it and most doctor’s end up naming it as a flu-type infection or disorder. Amongst three different influenza virus, A and B are mostly the cause of flu. Flu is observed to spread mostly in winter, different virus tends to spread flu in every winter.

Flu infection is extremely communicable in nature. Flu gets infected from person to person very easily, like being exposed to sneezing or coughing of an infected person or even touching the surface of virus disposition. Some of the common symptoms that indicate that a person has got flu are high temperature or fever, headache, nausea, dry cough, sneezing, severe sore throat, pain-stricken joints and muscles and sweat. On the other hand, if you tend to face severe symptoms like difficulty in breathing, dizziness, chest or abdominal pain, confusion and blurred vision you must not keep neglecting as these symptoms may arouse the emergency of getting admitted in hospital. It is important to differentiate between flu and cold symptoms and thus calls for the immediacy of consulting a doctor for a proper diagnosis and medication to avoid further growth of infection.

How is the treatment done?

The primary job of the doctor is to get a detailed information regarding the symptoms you are facing. The doctor may ask you for an influenza diagnosis test. In this test, the doctor will take a swab sample from the back of the throat or nose. The results can be generated within few minutes and finally help the doctor to frame proper diagnosis on the symptoms the person is suffering from.

Generally, the vital treatment of flu is to take long rest for about few days and have more amount of fluid in a day. Fluids like soups, juice avoids dehydration and help in improving the condition. In extreme cases, the doctor prescribes antibiotics to enhance the recovery process. Medications are different for persons with asthma and respiratory problems.

In case of patients who have been neglecting the symptoms and end up with worse symptoms like shortened breath, dizziness, excessive headache and more are advised to undergo hospital treatment in order to get control of the condition. The more you take rest, more your body becomes resistant and fight against the infection. Proper care and a strict diet can help in normalizing the condition and get you recovered with 1 week.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

People experiencing symptoms of flu are suggested to visit a doctor and undergo treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Person with no such problem of cold or flu related symptoms do not need to undergo treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Medicines produce various side effects in the patient. Antibiotics prescribed by doctors to patients for flu may lead to side effects like dizziness, nausea, vomiting tendency, insomnia, discomfort or redness in eyes, nosebleed and also respiratory issues. Once you come across any of unusual effects from medicines, you must inform it to the doctor and he might substitute the medicine.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Even when you finally recover from flu, you should maintain few guidelines to avoid any further reoccurrence of symptoms. Rest should be taken until you attain proper recovery. You should maintain few habits that would avoid getting infected with virus and germs. Do remember to use a handkerchief when u sneeze and cough. Remain away from the person carrying germs. Have plenty of water in a day. It helps you to keep hydrated.

How long does it take to recover?

With proper medication and care, recovery from flu is attained within 1 or 2 weeks. However, the body pain and head ache can linger for 7 seven days.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The treatment includes consultation fees of the doctor and medical expenses. For serious cases, patients are admitted to hospitals that includes much higher treatment cost.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Medication and proper care results in permanent recovery. At the same time, being exposed to infection near future may result in flu again. You must maintain guidelines to avoid it.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Flu can be treated well at home itself until you reach severe condition to take medicines. Taking rest and drinking more fluid will help a lot. Added to that, a proper diet with vitamin C and vitamin D is a must. You can also have Echinacea, the herb that helps in stimulating immunity to fight against infection in the body. Zinc and essential oil also help in boosting immunity. Honey and cinnamon in hot water show amazing results fastening up the recovery process. Ginger tea is a bliss at this time.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Very Low Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Rs 800- Rs 1200

Popular Health Tips

Seasonal Flu - 7 Best Way To Treat It By Homeopathy!

B.H.M.S., Senior Homeopath Consultant
Homeopath, Delhi
Seasonal Flu - 7 Best Way To Treat It By Homeopathy!

Seasonal changes are usually a time when we need to take extra precautions to ensure that we do not end up catching any bacteria that may lead to infections or influenza as well as allergic reactions. Common cold and flu is a common occurrence during such times. Seasonal changes are usually known to cause flu and cold, which can also come with chills, sneezing, cough and fever.

Here are a few homeopathic medicines and remedies that can be used during this season.

  1. Aconite: This medicine is especially helpful when there is fever after sudden exposure to dipping temperatures. Once the cold starts to affect the patient, this medicine must be taken so that congestion is prevented. It can also be used when initial symptoms like tingling and burning sensations in the nose start.
  2. Arsenicum: This medicine can be used during harsh winters and can be prescribed for stopping the discharge from the nostrils. It can also help in treating congestion and severe cold. If sneezing fits do not reduce, one can have this medicine. It also relieves burning sensation in the throatand nose, as well as fever.
  3. Allium Cepa: When the discharge from the nose is cold and heavy as well as thin, it can be cured with the help of Allium Cepa. Persistent discharge is one of the symptoms for which this medicine is usually prescribed. Also, this medicine helps patients who experience cough and discharge once they step out of a warm room.
  4. Euphrasia: When the top part of the respiratory mucous membrane is affected, this medicine can be used. It is also helpful when there is soreness in the nostrils and lips. Also, yellow and acrid discharge from the nostrils can be cured with this medicine. Dryness and pain is also one of the symptoms for which this medicine may be prescribed.
  5. Gelsemium: When the cold first starts and begins to manifest as headaches, this medicine can be used so that it breaks up the cold effectively. Also, dullness and weakness due to oncoming fever can be checked with this medicine. Further, a sore throat can be treated with this medicine. Excessively warm weather that leads to a cold can be treated with Gelsamium too.
  6. Nux Vomica: If you have caught a cold from damp and cold weather conditions, the doctor can prescribe Nux Vomica. This effectively treats cold symptoms likedry nose, minimal discharge and a tickling sensation in the nose.
  7. Mercurius: This medicine can be prescribed to treat frontal sinuses that may be suffering due to the flu. Violent sneezing and excessive sweating can be cured with this medicine.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6256 people found this helpful

Influenza (Flu) and Pregnancy - What To Expect?

M.R.C.O.G. (LONDON) Gold Medalist, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Influenza (Flu) and Pregnancy - What To Expect?

When you are pregnant, the need to watch your health is significantly higher. It is not just a question of your health, but of the developing baby also. This makes it extremely significant as different bacteria and viruses could affect the baby’s development and even lead to complications with pregnancy and childbirth.

The flu, short for influenza, is a mild viral infection that affects the upper airways, including the nose, throat, and sinuses. The usual symptoms include nose blockage, runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, cough, heavy headed feeling. It is caused by a virus and therefore there is no remedy for it. It has to run its course which usually takes about 7 days, and the body will fight off the infection on its own.

Symptomatic treatment including paracetamol and adequate hydration can help live through the flu. Though it is common in any weather, the winters increase the risk.

Another increased risk factor is the reduced immune levels in a pregnant woman, making them more prone to catching the flu. This could lead to complications like pneumonia which might require hospitalisation and prolonged treatment with antibiotics. The baby could also be at risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, and premature birth.

Symptoms: If you do catch the flu during your pregnancy, you will notice the following symptoms a headache, runny nose, fatigue, sore throat, shortness of breath, coughing, sudden chills or fever, diarrhoea or vomiting, and body aches, and loss of appetite.

Management: If you suspect that you could have the flu, contact the doctor immediately. Taking safe antiviral medications can help reduce the duration of the illness and reduce pain and suffering. In addition, getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of fluids can help recovery. Acetaminophen can help manage the fever, while Robitussin and guaifenesin can help manage the cough.

Prevention: If you are planning for pregnancy or are already pregnant, it makes great sense to get vaccinated for the flu. This can help prevent a flu attack and sail through pregnancy smoothly. In addition to protecting the mother, the flu vaccine also transmits the virus to the newborn, which gets immunity for up to 6 months of life. The vaccine also has a beneficial effect on the newborn.

It is safe to get the flu vaccine during pregnancy, though taking it in the early months is advisable. It is also safe during breastfeeding with no harmful effects documented. In addition, some healthy habits like regularly washing hands, eating healthy, getting adequate sleep, and keeping a safe distance from people with flu can help prevent flu attack.

While prevention is the best solution, if contracted, the flu can be managed well by seeking immediate medical attention.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4256 people found this helpful

Cold And Flu - How To Get Rid Of It?

BHMS, OCRT KOLKATA
Homeopath, Asansol
Cold And Flu - How To Get Rid Of It?

A cold is not a disease that requires prompt medical attention but can make a person feel very very ill and irritated. Colds or seasonal flu is triggered by viruses and hence antibiotics and most medicines are not very effective against them. Homeopathy, on the other hand, can be very helpful. Homeopathy is a holistic form of medication that does not look at only addressing the symptoms of a cold, but looks at the overall health of the patient. In doing this, it aims at boosting the patient’s immune system and making it difficult for the viruses to thrive.

One of the reasons for homoeopathy’s popularity is the lack of side-effects caused by homoeopathic medication. Homeopathic medicines can be taken by children and adults of all ages. However, though homoeopathic medicines are available over the counter, it is always a better idea to consult a doctor before taking any medication. This is because homoeopathy does not follow a one size fits all approach. A prescription that works for one person may be completely ineffective for another. Homeopathic medication is prescribed not only on the basis of the symptoms shown, but also the patient’s overall physical, emotional and mental health.

There are many different types of homoeopathic medicines that can be used to treat a cold. Some provide instant relief for colds that have come on suddenly as a result of being exposed to cold drafts or a change in weather. Other medicines treat colds that have progressed slowly and have a risk of turning into chest infections. Some homoeopathic medicines address stuffy colds while others treat patients complaining of symptoms such as a runny nose and burning eyes. These medicines are usually prescribed in pill form but may also be taken in powder or liquid form.

With any form of homoeopathic medication, it is important to stay patient and persevere with the treatment. In most cases, the medicine will need to be taken 3 to 4 times a day. It is important not to eat or drink anything at least half an hour before and after taking the medicines. You should also drink plenty of water and take simple measures to keep the virus from spreading. For example, do not sneeze into the air, but use a tissue or hanky. Limit physical contact with others and wash your hands often. Lastly, allow your body to rest so that it can recuperate.

Allergy can prevent and cure mordern homeopathy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3200 people found this helpful

Influenza Ke Lakshan Aur Karan - इंफ्लूएंजा के लक्षण और कारण

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Influenza Ke Lakshan Aur Karan - इंफ्लूएंजा के लक्षण और कारण

आम भाषा में फ्लू कहलाने वाले रोग को इंफ्लूएंजा कहा जाता है. यह रोगी की श्वास तंत्र में संक्रमित हो जाता है. इस तरह के रोगों में देखा जाता है कि यह दिसंबर से लेकर अप्रैल के मौसम में अधिकतर लोगों में फैल जाता है. अधिकतर मामलों में देखा जाता है कि जिन लोगों की रोग प्रतिरोधक क्षमता कमजोर हो जाती है उनको इसे होने का ख़तरा ज्यादा रहता है.

इस वायरस के सर्दियों में ज्यादा फैलने का कारण तापमान का कम होना और हवा में नमी का होना होता है. साथ ही यह रोगी के संपर्क में आने से भी बहुत तेज़ी से फैल जाता है. इन सभी के अलावा वातावरण के स्वच्छ न होने के चलते भी वायरस फैलने की संभावना बनी रहती है. जिसके चलते बुखार, सर्दी जुकाम, संक्रमण, सिरदर्द और टाइफइड जैसे रोग भी हो सकते है. 

इस बीमारी के होने पर रोगी को ठंड और गर्मी का एहसास बार-बार होता है. ऐसे में बुखार काफी तेज़ चढ़ता है. काफी सारे मामलों में देखा गया है कि बुखार 106 डिग्री तक पहुँच जाता है. अगर किसी को फ्लू हो जाए तो ऐसी स्थिति में अधिक से अधिक पेय पदार्थ ज्यादा मात्रा में लेने चाहिए.

फ्लू के कारण 
इस फ्लू का वायरस नाक, आंख और मुंह की मस्लस् द्वारा ब्रेन में प्रवेश करता है. हर बार जब भी रोगी इनमें से किसी भी अंग को हाथ लगाता हैं, तो रोगी खुद ही फ्लू के वायरस को संक्रमित करता है. वैसे तो फ्लू तीन प्रकार के होते है, जिसमें ए, बी और सी होते है. इसमें टाइप ए और बी वार्षिक इंफ्लूएंजा के कारण होते है. एक अनुमान के अनुसार करीब 20 प्रतिशत लोग इससे प्रभावित होते है.

टाइप ए में एच1एन1, एच2एन2 और एच3एन3 वायरस मौजूद होते है. इससे संक्रमित रोगी को पर्याप्त इम्यूनिटी नहीं मिल पाती हैं. टाइप सी भी फ्लू के लक्षण दर्शाता है लेकिन इस तरह का फ्लू कम होता है. हालांकि तीनों तरह का फ्लू एक ही तरह से फैलता है और इनके लक्षण भी एक जैसे ही होते हैं.

समस्या 

  • युवा, बच्चों तथा 65 की उम्र से अधिक के बुजुर्गों इससे सबसे ज्यादा प्रभावित होते है.
  • प्रेगनेंट महिलाओं को फ्लू होने का खतरा ज्यादा रहता है.
  • इसके अलावा इंफ्लूएंजा से निमोनिया, कान में इंफेक्शन, साइनस संक्रमण और ब्रोंकाइटिस का ख़तरा बढ़ जाता है.
  • फ्लू ज्यादा गंभीर हो जाने पर जान भी जा सकती है. ऐसे में डॉक्टर की सलाह पर एंटीवायरल दवाएं लेनी चाहिए. 

इन्फ्लूएंजा के लक्षण

  • असामान्य थकान महसूस होना
  • कफ की समस्या
  • चक्कर आना
  • छींक आना
  • ठंड के साथ बुखार 
  • त्वचा का नीला पड़ना
  • नाक बहना 
  • पेट या छाती पर दबाव महसूस होना और दर्द होना
  • मांसपेशियों में दर्द
  • सांस फूलना
  • सांस लेने में कठिनाई
  • सिरदर्द होना
  • उल्टी

The Flu (Influenza) - Know Its Symptoms & Treatments!

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
The Flu (Influenza) - Know Its Symptoms & Treatments!

Influenza or seasonal flu is basically a viral infection. It is different from common flu that accounts for many conditions that occur due to changing weather. These conditions include cold, stomach problems and fever. Influenza or flu comes with a variety of symptoms and is primarily caused by a virus due to lack of precautions taken as far as food and outings go, during the changing seasons. Let us find out more about the symptoms and treatment.

Symptoms: The main symptoms of this condition include fever, an aching body, dullness, fatigue, dry hacking coughs, a sore throat and even headaches. Appetite loss and drowsiness are also some symptoms of the condition.

Causes: Influenza is usually caused by either of the two influenza viruses, such as virus A or Virus B. The strains of these viruses are known to change every year.

Congestion: The main form of treatment revolves around treating the congestion that may have occurred in the nasal or the sinus tracts. The treatment for this is usually done with the help of nasal decongestants or sprays which can be used for a few days to get relief until the infection and congestion leaves the body. One must avoid the use of these decongestants for prolonged periods of time as they can make the condition reoccur again and again.

Allergies: Histamine is the chemical that the body produces automatically when an allergy hits. This is what causes influenza and hay fever as well. One can get treated with the help of anti-histamine drugs that will be prescribed for the doctor in case an allergic reaction or hay fever is detected. This drug can cause severe drowsiness, so it is best to take it at night and wake up fresh in the morning.

Blood Pressure and Other Complications: It is important to know what kind of medication you are allergic to, before you ingest anything or take a spray. If you are suffering from high blood pressure or any other cardiovascular complications, then you may want to steer clear of decongestants as these sprays can increase the blood pressure as well as the heart rate of the patient.

Cough: In order to cure a cough, one can take a cough medicine that will also have anti-histamines and analgesics, which will help in clearing the pollutants, dirt and allergens that have caused the cough.

Fever: In case you are experiencing fever and body ache, you can take aspirin or acetaminophen. However, this should be avoided by children.

With the treatment, one should take ample precautions while stepping out the home. Also, the patient should be careful about the dosage to avoid an overdose.

1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from a flu from past 5 days I tries many ways to stop can you help me?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Dear lybrateuser , - Take adequate rest - do steam inhalation twice a day - have more of warm fluids, water, tea, coffee, milk, soup, avoid all cold fluids - take tablet Cheston- C, 1 tablet three times a day after meals - avoid dust in & outside the house - have a well balanced diet with more of fruits & vegetables, whole grains & protein foods to boost your immunity.
1 person found this helpful

What are the symptoms of flu and we protect from it and what medicine we take when we are affected.

BHMS, PGDCBM, MD(AM)
Homeopath, Gurgaon
Flu is generally a set of symptoms like fever, cold, body ache, headache, cough, low appetite etc. Since it is a viral infection, it tends to spread fast amongst people staying together or in coming in contact with an affected person. Best way to protect yourself is to stay away from people who are suffering from flu, washing hands often, using masks, keeping yourself well hydrated and eating healthy so as to improve your immune system. Homoeopathy offers preventive medicines against a variety of diseases like chicken pox, flu, typhoid etc.
1 person found this helpful

What are the causes and symptoms of swine flu? I am having fever and chills from last one week.

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS), M.sc in yoga and naturopathy, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Ayurveda, Delhi
Symptoms of swine flu - fever (100 F or greater), cough, nasal secretions, fatigue, and headache Swine influenza is transmitted from person to person by inhalation or ingestion of droplets containing virus from people sneezing or coughing In uncomplicated infections, swine flu typically begins to resolve after three to seven days, but the malaise and cough can persist two weeks or more in some patients. Severe swine flu may require hospitalization that increases the length of time of infection to about nine to 10 days. You should do a complete blood check up as soon as possible.

What is a symptoms of swine flu? Can we take treatment in private hospital or only in government hospital.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Fever with cough and breathlessness with leucopenia are few symptoms of swine flu and you can take treatment from a private hospital also.

Hi, During cold sessions continuously flu, sneezing,eyes turned into red with scratching and irritating when minimal weather change. This type of problems have never happened before with me. After seizures this types of symptoms repeatedly occur. How to solve this please suggest?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB - ENT, Allergy Testing
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
Hi, It Sounds like Allergic Rhinitis. We can do an allergy test by skin prick method, identify what you are allergic to, and get vaccines or allergy shots made so that you are completely relieved of your symptoms.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice