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Benefits of Zinc And Its Side Effects

Zinc is basically a metal which is also described as a trace element. However, it is also one of the most effective remedies for cold. The human body requires zinc in small quantities in order to function normally but on a regular basis. Important bodily functions cannot be performed easily without the intake of zinc in proper quantities. There are a number of ways in which zinc benefits the human body and these include hormone production, repair and growth; immunity improvement and digestion facilitation. It also has the ability of acting in the form of an anti-inflammatory agent coming with essential therapeutic advantages for chronic and common diseases such as reversing heart problems and gifting cancer.

Benefits of Zinc And Its Side Effects

Table of Content

Nutritional Value of Zinc
Health Benefits of Zinc
Regulates body
Cure diarrhea
Improves memory
Muscle mass
Aids in pregnancy
Prevents osteoporosis
Deals with acne
Prevents inflammatory skin
Deals with prostrate problems
Proper growth
Treats colds
Repair DNA
Uses of Zinc
Side-Effects & Allergies of Zinc
Origin And Cultivation of Zinc


Zinc is basically a transition metal or it can also be described as an important trace element that comes with substantial biological significance for animals, plants and human beings. It is responsible for different bodily functions and helps in stimulating the activity of minimum 100 varied enzymes. In order to reap the best benefits of this trace element, human beings just need to consume a small quantity of zinc. It makes way for proper and normal functioning of the human body by serving in the form of an enzyme cofactor protecting the cell membranes from lysis which is a result of toxin release and complement activation. Zinc is not found in the human body naturally and therefore the dietary intake of this element is necessary. Seafood and meat are the most important sources of zinc. Women require 8 milligrams of zinc per day while men require 11 milligrams of this important element per day. Low levels of zinc in the human body might make an individual susceptible to different illnesses and diseases. Zinc is not only found in foods but it also available in the form of dietary supplement.

Nutritional Value of Zinc

Zinc is one of the most important aspects of nutrition for the human body. There are different foods that are rich in their content of zinc with the most prominent one being oysters. Oysters provide more zinc per serving in comparison to all the other foods containing zinc. Poultry and red meat are also important sources of zinc. Other food varieties that are rich in their content of zinc include nuts, beans, whole grains, whole wheat grain, almonds, ginger root, pumpkin seeds, pecan nuts and different varieties of seafood like lobster and crab. Other foods containing zinc include turnips and peas. Phytates present in cereals, whole grain breads and legumes bind zinc while inhibiting its absorption. It is important to note that foods that are high in their protein content are rich sources of zinc. Lamb, pork and beef contain more zinc in comparison to fish. It is also worth noting that vegetables and fruits do not contain zinc and therefore vegetarian and low-protein diets are low in their zinc content. It is widely found in mineral supplements and multivitamins and also in over-the-counter medicines.

Health Benefits of Zinc

Mentioned below are the best health benefits of Zinc
Health Benefits of Zinc

Regulates body

Zinc is one of the most important trace elements required by the human body for activating T lymphocytes or T cells. T cells assist the human body in regulating and controlling immune responses and in attacking cancerous or infected cells. Deficiency of zinc can impair the proper functioning of the immune system in people.

Cure diarrhea

Studies have proved the fact that zinc helps in curing diarrhea to a great extent. Experts are of the belief that the zinc intake of kids should always be a major concern for parents because kids are the prime victims of diarrhea. Zinc is quite effective in treating diarrhea and in preventing future occurrences of the same

Improves memory

Research carried out on the subject of zinc having a positive effect on memory and the learning capacity of individuals has proved that zinc has an important role in regulating the communication procedure of neurons with one another. This has an effect on memory and the learning capacity of an individual.

Muscle mass

The human body makes use of zinc for making proteins. Therefore, it can rightly be said that zinc has an important role to play in the development and the maintenance of lean muscle mass. Zinc deficiency might result in unintentional weight loss and poor appetite. Therefore, it is always very important for individuals to keep up their regular zinc requirements that can help them in looking and feeling their best.

Aids in pregnancy

Zinc is one of the most important ingredients needed by pregnant women. This is because zinc is essential for the proper development and growth of the fetus. Zinc sufficiency indicates that a woman has decreased chances of delivering a preterm baby.

Prevents osteoporosis

Getting zinc in proper amounts on a regular basis can also help in preventing osteoporosis and this goes special for women who have already experienced menopause. If reports are to be believed, taking zinc in low amounts can result in low bone density. Zinc helps in decreasing bone loss in postmenopausal women.

Deals with acne

Studies have proved the fact that zinc is one of the most important and effective home remedies for dealing with acne and pimples. This mineral is one of the most important minerals for eliminating skin acne. It works by regulating and controlling the levels of testosterone within the body that have an important role to play when it comes to causing acne. Additionally, zinc is also a part of collagen synthesis which helps in normalizing oil presence under the skin and in improving the health of the skin

Prevents inflammatory skin

Eczema which is also known as atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder mainly caused due to the zinc deficiency within the body. Zinc has an important role to play in healing serious infections and in helping the body in restoring its capacity of healing completely and properly.

Deals with prostrate problems

Zinc is one of the most important minerals required for dealing with and doing way with prostate problems. Zinc deficiency can result in the enlargement of the prostate gland making it vulnerable to cancer. Therefore, it is always very important for individuals to take zinc when suffering from disorders of the prostate. Zinc present in normal levels within the system helps in preventing the growth of tumor in the prostate.

Proper growth

Zinc is probably one of the most significant elements required for leading a healthy life. It comes with this unique ability of improving the senses of smell and taste. Olfactory cells and taste buds tend to be zinc reliant and zinc is necessary for the proper growth and development of these cells.

Treats colds

Zinc is also effective in treating colds and other mild illnesses. Zinc helps in reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines that aggravate the human body when it is suffering from infections and colds.

Repair DNA

Zinc is also needed for the proper functioning and repair of DNA. In men, zinc helps in spermatogenesis and in the growth of sex organs

Uses of Zinc

Zinc has several ethnobotanical or traditional uses. The role that zinc plays in human functioning and health has focused the attention of users in taking zinc in the form of a dietary supplement for disease prevention and health promotion. However, apart from being used for health benefits, zinc also offers therapeutic usage in atopic eczema, common cold, psoriasis, degenerative retinal lesions, acne vulgaris, inflammatory bowel disease, age-related macular degeneration and other disorders. Zinc is also used for enhanced healing of injuries and wounds of all kinds.

Side-Effects & Allergies of Zinc

There are several health benefits that can be fetched from zinc but taking in zinc in large quantities can turn out to be very dangerous. The adverse effects of high zinc consumption include vomiting, nausea, stomach pain, headache, loss of appetite and diarrhea. Excessive zinc might also suppress the absorption of copper. It has also been indicated through studies that excessive intake of zinc might result in the formation of kidney stones.

Origin And Cultivation of Zinc

There are several health benefits that can be fetched from zinc but taking in zinc in large quantities can turn out to be very dangerous. The adverse effects of high zinc consumption include vomiting, nausea, stomach pain, headache, loss of appetite and diarrhea. Excessive zinc might also suppress the absorption of copper. It has also been indicated through studies that excessive intake of zinc might result in the formation of kidney stones.

Popular Questions & Answers

I'm 23 year. I'm having grey hair problem. How I can stop this. Please help. I'm a student and I live in hostel so it's difficult to maintain diet also. May be due to this i'm started to have this grey hair.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
White hair at an early age, called premature geeing is your condition. The cause of greying is the loss of melanin, the pigment that gives colour to your hair. This loss of melanin occurs at old age but nowadays it can occur in younger ages due to lifestyle changes and the pollution of environment. It is proven that the genes and the genetic changes can also cause this and also stress which is high in these days. There are multiple commercial preparations like creams and powder calming to be reverse the hair whitening, but are all of dubious value. Here I can suggest some natural and homemade methods for changing the grey hair to black which are harmless even if not very great as you would want it to be. Lack of many vitamins like B, zinc, iron copper & iodine are known to cause greying of hairs. So in your diet include all these vitamins. Avoid junk food, and eat balanced diet with all these vitamins Keep the scalp clean, and avoid suing soap or shampoo. Apply coconut oil and leave it there and just allow to dry without washing off with soap or shampoo. Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and reduce stress by mediation and yoga or reading books or listening to music 1) Massage with onion paste, regularly 2) Eat sesame, 3) Apply butter oil and massage scalp 4) Regularly wash hair with gram flour, and curd/milkmixture
1 person found this helpful

Please suggest me can we take the zinc, vitamin b12 and cod liver oil capsules. And whether it will boost testosterone in body for make us active and fit. Please suggest.

Homeopath, Hooghly
Yes zinc helps to increase testosterone level, and vit b12, cod liver oil capsule help you to become active.
1 person found this helpful

Help me in growing my facial hair. What are the food items to be taken to improve testosterone levels?

Homeopath, Hooghly
Do regular exercise, take high protein, take zinc, massage your face daily, scrubbing also important, apply eucalyptus oil, with this you need proper homoeopathic treatment.

Please give suggestions for mineral based sunscreen that are safe for fungal acne.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
The best natural and mineral-based sunscreens for the whole family top lab pick. Best for sensitive skin. Aveeno baby continuous protection sunscreen spf 50. Thinksport natural sunscreen spf 50. Beyond coastal natural sunscreen spf 30. Babo botanicals clear zinc sunscreen stick spf 30.

I am 22 years old. I recently before 3 months have got a scar due to scratch with my nails. How can I remove or lighten it? Is antoxic - hc tablet good for it? And how long can we continue it?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
You need to do laser therapy for scar removal and antoxid-hc capsule is an antioxidant capsules contains beta-carotene, copper, manganese, selenium, and zinc sulphate. Antoxid hc is no. 1 dermatologist recommended brand for skin protection.

Popular Health Tips

Do you have BAD BREATH ?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Diploma in Nutrition and Health Education (DNHE), PGDP
Ayurveda, Hapur
Do you have BAD BREATH ?
Here are 7 natural ways to help cure the problem of bad breath at the systemic level through diet:

1. Drink more water

Believe it or not, dehydration is one of the most common causes of bad breath. Many people drink far too little water throughout the day to ward off the bacteria in the mouth that are most responsible for causing bad breath. Tiny microbes in the mouth actually feed on loose food particles throughout the day, releasing odor-causing byproducts that end up stinking up breath. And all-natural saliva, it turns out, is your body's built-in remedy for eliminating these bacteria.
It is possible for chronic dry dry mouth conditions to play a part in the development of bad breath. Dry mouth is caused by the decomposition of dead cells in your mouth and on your tongue. This decomposition results in an unpleasant door.

But in order for your body to produce enough bacteria-fighting saliva, you must be drinking plenty of clean, fluoride-free water throughout the day. Since saliva is full of oxygen, bacteria have a much harder time surviving because they require low-oxygen environments in order to thrive. Saliva also contains natural enzymes that help stimulate the production of antibodies that neutralize bacteria, which end up getting eliminated when you swish with water, mouthwash, or other oral hygiene products.

2. Supplement with zinc

Another common cause of halitosis is a deficiency in the mineral zinc, which helps maintain a clean, bacteria-free mouth. Some mouthwash products actually contain zinc as an active ingredient because the mineral is a known antimicrobial, and aids in the neutralization and elimination of harmful germs. But supplementing with oral zinc and eating more zinc-rich foods like pumpkin and gourd seeds, cacao, and organ meats, for instance, might be an even better approach, as it can help address the problem systemically.

" zinc deficiency is associated with poor healing, immunity and inflammation" writes heather caruso in her book, your drug-free guide to digestive health" halitosis from oral disease can benefit from zinc supplementation.

3. Use herbs daily

Since bad breath can also stem from a buildup of heavy metals, yeast overgrowth, and other toxins inside the body, it is important to regularly flush your system via dietary interventions.

And one way you can do this is by taking stinging nettle or drinking stinging nettle tea. A powerful herb that has been shown to purify the blood and eliminate toxins from the body, stinging nettle helps stimulate the lymphatic system, increase the excretion of uric acid through the kidneys, and boost adrenal function, all of which target halitosis at its root.

" bad breath is often indicative of toxemia or defective elimination via liver" explains bartram's encyclopedia of herbal medicine: the definitive guide. This helpful manual goes on to suggest not only nettle, but also alfalfa sprouts, parsley, peppermint, dill, fennel, sage, licorice, dandelion goldenseal, echinacea, wild yam, myrrh, lemon, and chlorophyll tablets as viable treatment options for bad breath.

4. Take probiotics

Along these same lines, poor gut health is another common cause of bad breath. If your digestive tract is overloaded with built-up toxins, for instance, or if routine antibiotic use and poor dietary habits have left your digestive system in shambles, bad breath could merely be a side effect of another underlying problem.

Equally, if you suffer from certain bowel, constipation or a sluggish digestive system, you are a prime candidate for developing bad breath. The reason for this is that these conditions create an excess of gas in your body, and much of that gas exits through your mouth. Supplementing with probiotic flora or eating more probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, fermented sauerkraut and kombucha tea just might be the remedy. Taking a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar mixed with water prior to eating meals may help your digestive processes run more smoothly.

5. Include more raw foods in your diet

Eat more carrots, celery, and apples. Crunchy fruits and vegetables, preferably organic, that are rich in fiber are also beneficial in the fight against bad breath.

Eating more carrots, celery, and apples, for instance, can help scrape out the plaque buildups that are responsible for causing more mild or infrequent forms of bad breath, as well as add an extra dose of immune-boosting nutrients to your diet. These foods also help trigger an increased production of bacteria-fighting saliva inside the mouth.

6. Salt water gargle

You might also find a salt water gargle to be useful as this combination helps eliminate bacteria from your throat and tonsils. Himalayan crystal salt is recommended.

7. Consider a cleanse

If you have really bad breath, it's very likely that your body has reached toxic levels. You might want to consider a colon cleanse and then move on to doing a liver cleanse.

10 Habits That Makes Your Anxiety Worse!

Masters In Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Gurgaon
10 Habits That Makes Your Anxiety Worse!

1. Setting the Wrong Kind of Goals-

  • setting the wrong kind of goals can make anxiety worse
  • Goal-setting can be tricky. You don’t want to limit your potential by setting goals that are too small - this is a huge goal setting mistake.
  • But on the other hand, you want to set goals that are Attainable given your available resources. That’s why you need to chunk those Big goals down into smaller, more manageable tasks.
  • Before setting goals, you may need to declutter your mind with a brain dump to get clear on your priorities.
  • If you’re a dreamer, a high-achiever or a perfectionist, your lofty standards may be making your anxiety worse. Ask yourself why you are trying to reach a particular goal in life and if it meets the S.M.A.R.T. criteria: Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant and Time-based).


  • There is a connection between ambition and anxiety. Especially when that ambition is focused on extrinsic goals like attaining wealth and power, rather than intrinsic goals like self-improvement and achieving your own definition of success.
  • That’s why it’s important to set goals that align with your purpose, not society’s or someone else’s. If you’re setting unattainable, externally-driven goals then you're just feeding your anxiety and setting yourself up for failure.

2. Constantly Checking Social Media-
Studies show that social media is a major source of stress for many of us. Constantly checking sites like Facebook can not only make your anxiety worse but can also have a variety of negative effects on both your physical and mental health, including your:

  • Self-Esteem- Looking at glorified snapshots of other peoples’ lives can really take a toll on your self-esteem. 
  • Productivity- Time spent on social media is time not spent doing the things you need to get done.
  • Sleep- Using an electronic device before sleep interferes with your body’s ability to produce melatonin (the sleep hormone), making it difficult for you to fall asleep and leave you feeling groggy the next day.
  • Isolation/Inactivity- When you are online instead of outside, you are missing out on opportunities to engage in activities that lessen anxiety such as exercising, going for a walk in nature and socializing with family and friends in person.

3. Eating the Wrong Foods: eating the wrong foods makes anxiety worse
What you eat has an enormous effect on how you feel. Certain anxiety-reducing foods boost feel-good chemicals (like serotonin), while others boost stress-inducing chemicals (like cortisol) in your body. Notorious “comfort foods” like ice cream, potato chips and macaroni and cheese actually increase anxiety and will not make you happier in the long run.

Another food to avoid is sugar. It causes inflammation in the gut and the brain which triggers an anxiety-inducing immune response. When you eventually crash from the sugar high, you may again experience symptoms of anxiety-like shaking, tension, difficulty concentrating and fatigue.

If you want to reduce your anxiety, stick to foods that contain B-vitamins (avocados), folic acid, magnesium (spinach), tryptophan and Omega-3 fatty acids, zinc (nuts), probiotics (sauerkraut) and complex carbohydrates (beans).

4. Smoking Cigarettes
Smokers think that smoking calms the nerves, but the truth is that smoking only relieves the nicotine withdrawal symptoms.
Smoking actually makes anxiety worse and can even cause anxiety to develop. Studies have shown that not only are people with increased anxiety more likely to smoke but also that smoking increases the risk of developing anxiety in the first place.

Cigarette smoke negatively affects the biological systems responsible for mood and anxiety disorders by causing structural brain changes, weakened immune system.

5. Drinking Alcohol: drinking alcohol can make anxiety worse
Another “go-to” for many who are stressed or suffering from anxiety is alcohol. But like cigarettes, alcohol can make your anxiety worse. Sure, you feel better at the moment but when the alcohol wears off you may wind up feeling even more stressed. Alcohol is a nervous system depressant that interferes with the serotonin levels in the brain (which can lead to increased anxiety and depression).

Drinking alcohol or having a hangover can actually cause you to have a panic attack. This is because on a physiological level, you experience symptoms similar to those that come with anxiety, such as headaches, nausea, dehydration, dizziness, drop in blood sugar, difficulty concentrating and increased heart rate.
Another seemingly harmless drink that can increase anxiety is coffee (more than 4 cups a day can be dangerous, according to the FDA). Excessive caffeine consumption can even trigger a caffeine-induced anxiety disorder in those who are susceptible to panic attacks and anxiety. And if you put sugar in your coffee, you’re actually creating an anxiety-inducing cocktail (caffeine + sucrose = stress).

6. Not Getting Enough Sleep
Sleep is essential for our well-being. 

Whether sleep deprivation caused anxiety or whether anxiety caused sleep deprivation is a topic of debate in neuroscientific research. According to a study published in the Journal of Neuroscience, the answer is both. Anxiety can keep you up at night and sleep deprivation can trigger anxiety.

Insufficient sleep is harmful even for those who don’t suffer from anxiety – it leads to impaired concentration, productivity and other cognitive processes.
If you have difficulty sleeping, put away all electronic devices at least an hour before bedtime. Instead, try reading a book or developing a bedtime routine like journaling, drinking Sleepytime tea or meditating.

7. Not Exercising: not exercising can make anxiety worse Regular exercise boosts self-esteem, improves sleep, increases energy, elevates cognitive function and reduces stress. When you exercise, your body releases endorphins, adrenaline, serotonin and dopamine –natural feel-good chemicals. Exercise also allows your body to release pent up cortisol and other stress hormones that can only be expelled through physical activity. Not providing an outlet for these stress hormones can make you feel stressed and anxious. 

8. Not Drinking Enough Water: Drinking plenty of water is one of the easiest ways to reduce anxiety. Studies show that even mild dehydration causes stress, confusion, tension and fatigue. Dehydration interferes with the body’s normal processes because your brain and organs are not getting the water they need to function properly.   Aim to drink at least 10 cups of water a day (80 oz), but you may need to drink more depending on your weight and level of physical activity.

 9. Pretending:  pretending can make anxiety worse When someone asks, “How are you?”, our automatic response is often, “Fine, thank you.” We’ve become accustomed to pretending like everything is ok, even when it’s not. Of course, you might not be comfortable disclosing your most intimate feelings with everyone you come across. But even when it’s the people closest to us, we tend to put on a happy face because we don’t want to alarm them. But, dealing with anxiety is exhausting. And constantly pretending is exhausting. So, not only are you dealing with the physical and mental toll of anxiety but you’re also bearing the burden of concealing your true feelings. Over time, living this sort of inauthentic life only makes anxiety much worse. Secrets keep you sick. Once those closest to you understand what you are going through, they can be your support system. Sharing your story with a support group, either online or in person, can help you cope and gain perspective. 

10. Blowing Things Out of Proportion: When you’re already upset about something or you’re feeling anxiety, there is a tendency to blow things out of proportion – a behavior psychologists call magnification and minimization. Basically, you magnify the negative and minimize the positive. I’m definitely guilty of this one! Another tendency is to ruminate. Rumination is when you keep thinking about a negative experience or repeating negative thoughts over and over. You might obsess over how you should have said this or you should have done that. You might incessantly create “what if” scenarios that never end well for you.  Ruminating not only causes you to remember more negative things from the past but it also causes you to think negatively about the future. 

Conclusion: Change the Habits That Make Your Anxiety Worse I hope this post helped you to identify any habits that might be making your anxiety worse. Replace habits that increase anxiety with stress-reducing habits like disconnecting from technology, going for a walk, eating a healthy diet, drinking lots of water and getting enough sleep. Getting rid of old habits and establishing new ones can be difficult but it’s something that can certainly be done with a little grit and determination. You can’t always control what happens to you, but you can control how you react to it.

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Telogen Effluvium - How Can Ayurveda Help You?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) And Naturopath (ND)
Ayurveda, Surat
Telogen Effluvium - How Can Ayurveda Help You?

Telogen Effluvium is considered to be the second most common type of hair loss. It is one form of non-scarring alopecia, which gets characterized by diffuse hair shedding, along with an acute kind of onset for the problem. Now let us take a look into the causes behind this problem, before looking into the treatment options through which Telogen Effluvium can be treated in Ayurveda.

Causes of Telogen Effluvium

Hair cycle disturbances can be caused by quite a number of triggering factors, which include:

  • Intense Stress
  • Improper Diet
  • Sudden Loss of Weight

Treatment in Ayurveda for Telogen Effluvium

Some of the natural ways in Ayurveda to regain lost hair due to Telogen Effluvium are:

Having a Food Rich in Protein: The building blocks of hair are nothing but proteins. In order to maintain the stronger and longer hair, it is necessary that one must take a daily recommended dose of 46 gm of protein. Some of the food items that one can have are:

  • Dairy Products
  • Eggs
  • Beans

Zinc and Iron Must be Included in the Diet: Iron deficiency is directly linked to Telogen Effluvium. Though iron supplements do assist in regaining the deficit amounts but in some people, there could be adverse effects in the form of gastritis or constipation. Changes in diet can be a very good option. People can have more of Red Meat and Liver, which contain abundance of iron. Those who are vegetarians, they can opt for having dark green leafy vegetables and beans. Zinc also plays a vital role in aiding growth of hair. Some of foods rich in Zinc are nuts, spinach, seafood and squash.

Massage With Essential Oils: There are certain kinds of essential oils, which help to promote growth of hair by bringing forth improvements in blood circulation. They also help in reducing stress, which is one of main causes behind Telogen Effluvium. People can just add 1 or 2 drops of Lavender Oil in 2 ounces of carrier oil like Almond or Coconut Oil and slowly massage their scalp. This would only help in increasing the growth of hair but also will assist in reducing stress quite instantly.

Try Out Herbs: Green tea has been used for a long time as a rinsing agent for hair. It has within it, 5-alpha-reducatse inhibitors which help to prevent the definite pattern of baldness that arise in men and women. Other than Green Tea, there is also Onion, which contains anti- inflammatory properties, those help in avoiding any adverse effects which might have been caused on hair due to any underlying condition. It also assists to stimulate the exact functioning of hair follicles.

Addition of Vitamin B to The Diet: The two important B Vitamins in the form of Vitamin-B6 and Vitamin-B12, available in food items like broccoli, beet, turnip, beet, bell peppers can also aid hair growth.

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Pregnancy And UTI - Taking Precautionary Measures Can Help!

DNB (Urology), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Gurgaon
Pregnancy And UTI - Taking Precautionary Measures Can Help!

Pregnancy brings with it many complications, and one of them is the increased risk of urinary tract infection. As the uterus enlarges with the growing fetus, it puts pressure on the adjacent urinary organs and so there could be blockage of the free flow of urine. This can lead to infection and is quite common between 6 and 24 weeks of pregnancy.

While UTI is something that is very common and treated with a round of antibiotics, with pregnancy, doctors would not want to do that. Since antibiotics have their own risk, it may not be good for the growing fetus and the pregnant mother. Therefore, knowing that this is one of the risks of pregnancy, most doctors advise women to take some steps to avoid a UTI during their pregnancy. Learning these can be very helpful, as it not just helps avoid an infection but also other complications associated with it. So, what are the precautionary measures?

  1. Increase your water intake, to at least 8 glasses every day.
  2. Consume cranberry juice, without any sugar added though
  3. Add lime juice to the water, so that the bacterial growth is controlled
  4. Avoid sugary fruit juices
  5. Reduce the intake of caffeine
  6. Watch the colour of the urine, a darker colour indicates that water intake needs to be increased
  7. Quit alcohol during pregnancy
  8. Do not consume refined or processed foods and choose fresh fruits and vegetables instead.
  9. Increase your daily dose of vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin C, beta-carotene, and zinc.
  10. Frequently pass urine, so there is no collection of urine in the bladder
  11. Pass urine before and after intercourse
  12. Keep the genital area clean by wiping it from front to behind
  13. Avoid wearing tight-fitting underpants
  14. Use cotton underwear
  15. Avoid use of chemicals including soap, creams, antiseptic creams, sprays, and powders
  16. Avoid soaking in the bath for longer than 30 minutes; prefer a shower any day
  17. Use cotton clothes that are not tight-fitting and allow for sufficient air circulation
  18. If you suspect you have a urinary infection, get a doctor’s help immediately.

Complications of untreated urinary infection can include high blood pressure, anaemia, and spread of infection to other parts of the body. It can also cause low birth weight and preterm labour. Urinary infections can be treated with alternative medicine prescribed by the doctor and constant monitoring to ensure the bacteria are cleared.

1 person found this helpful

Know The Health Benefits Of Various Types Of Salts!

Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, Fellowship in Sports Science
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Lucknow
Know The Health Benefits Of Various Types Of Salts!

Salt is one of the essential ingredients in cooking. In its absence, food items do not taste good. The importance of salt can only be felt, when it is not present in any item. Different types of salts are sea salt, rock salt, black salt, etc. Not only do they all differ in taste and texture, there are also differences in mineral and sodium content.

Let us take a look at the benefits and side-effects of all the above-mentioned salts:

Regular Table Salt: Table salt is the one people have on regular basis and use to prepare dishes for taste. Production of table salt involves mining and use of vacuum pan evaporators required for extraction at very high temperature.

Benefits: Benefits of table salt come from its two major elements, sodium and chloride.

  • Sodium: It plays a major role in maintaining the delicate balance of fluids and substances in and outside of cells. Hence, this mineral is fundamental to keep the bodies hydrated and helps in proper functioning of the nervous system.
  • Chloride: Chloride and sodium along with other minerals like potassium, calcium and magnesium help to keep the physiological activities in check, by keeping them in right amounts.


  • Overload of table salt can hamper the kidneys and interrupt in the functioning.
  • Too much intake of table salt would lead to increase in blood pressure.
  • Consuming too little salt can also result in electrolyte imbalance.

2. Sea Salt: Sea Salt is produced from sea water. Sea water is sun-dried and canalized in nature.


The only side-effect is that people who suffer from high blood pressure should avoid taking sea salt.

3. Black Salt: Black Salt, a kind of rock salt, which is salty and pungent in smell. It is mainly composed of sodium chloride along with various other components, which give the colour and smell to the salt.


  • Helps in curing the problem of constipation and bloating
  • Consuming black salt assists in treating joint problems
  • Helps to lose weight
  • Cures respiratory problems and heartburn


  • Consuming large doses of black salt can lower down the digestive system
  • Problem of hypertension may arise

4. Rock Salt or sendha namak: Rock salt is the purest form of salt - unprocessed and raw, devoid of environmental pollutants and chemical components. It contains 84 out of the 92 trace elements required by the body including potassium, iron, calcium, zinc, magnesium, copper and so on.


  • It helps in balancing blood sugar
  • Improves digestion
  • Boosts metabolism
  • Builds immunity
  • Leads to increase in energy
  • Provides pH balance
  • Promotes sound sleep


  • Makes a person lethargic
  • Leads to dehydration
  • Weakness creeps in
  • Irritation

Now, when you know the pros and cons of all types of salts, you can decide which one suits the needs of your body and which one should you avoid consuming.

4363 people found this helpful