Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Osteoporosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Osteopororsis is a medical condition which makes the bones brittle and weak. The bone gets so brittle that even a mild stress like falling, coughing and bending can cause a severe fracture. The fractures caused by Osteopororsis usually occur on the spine, wrist and hip. The bones in our body is constantly broken and replaced, during Osteopororsis, the bone fails to get replaced after breaking down. Osteopororsis affects both women and men, but Asian and white women, especially those who have passed their menopause are at a higher risk. Weight- bearing exercises, healthy diet and medications can strengthen weak bones and avoid bone loss.

Risk factors of Osteopororsis:

Unchangeable risks:

  • Age- According to studies, the older you are, the more prone you become in developing Osteopororsis.
  • Race- Being of Asian or white ancestry can put you at a greater risk of developing Osteopororsis.
  • Family history- Having a sibling or a parent with Osteopororsis can make you more susceptible in developing it.
  • Body frame- Women and men who have small body frames usually tend to develop Osteopororsis at a young age because their bone mass is very less as compared to people with a big body frame.

Hormone levels:

  • Sex hormones- Low sex hormones weaken the bones. Also less estrogen levels in women during menopause is the most common risk factor for developing Osteopororsis. The treatments used for prostate cancer can reduce estrogen and testosterone levels in men which can lead to bone loss density.
  • Thyroid problems- A lot of thyroid hormone can lead to bone loss. If you have an overactive thyroid, taking thyroid hormone medications to treat the thyroid can develop Osteopororsis.
  • Other glands- Osteoporosis can also be caused due to adrenal glands or an overactive parathyroid.

Dietary factors:

  • Low calcium intake- Lack of calcium plays a major role in Osteopororsis. Low calcium consumption contributes to increased risk of fractures, early loss of bones and low bone density.
  • Eating disorders- Restricting the consumption of food can severely weaken the bones in both women and men. People who have anorexia are more prone in developing Osteopororsis.
  • Gastrointestinal surgery- Surgery which reduces the size of your stomach or surgery to remove parts of the intestine can limit the level of area available to absorb nutrients like calcium.

Steroids:

  • Sometimes certain medications and steroids used to treat seizures, gastric reflux, cancer and transplant rejection can also contribute in developing Osteopororsis.
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Pain on the back bones Pain on the lower back Pain on the bones of the affected area Loss of height Bone fracture

Popular Health Tips

Osteoporosis - How To Treat It Effectively With Homeopathy?

Dr. Shubhangi Kaushal 90% (59 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Gurgaon
Osteoporosis - How To Treat It Effectively With Homeopathy?
The bones and muscles tend to get worn with age and other conditions. Osteoporosis is a condition described by a reduction in bone thickness. Bones tend to become weak and fragile in this condition. The most common consequence of osteoporosis is fractures. Osteoporosis does not cause signs or side effects until it has reached an advanced state. Certain signs and symptoms of osteoporosis include: Back pain Loss of growth after some time A stooped stance Crack of the vertebra, wrist, hip or other bone Homeopathy has been a very beneficial modus operandi in the campaign against Osteoporosis. Homeopathic remedies will not reverse existing bone loss, but can help control pain, will slow down or stop further bone loss, can promote stability and healing. Homeopathic remedies will allow the essential minerals and nutrients to be absorbed more efficiently, thus, further preventing bone fractures, or accelerating healing of any existing fractures by strengthening the bones. Homeopathic constitutional approach takes into account a patient s characteristic symptoms, their overall physical and mental condition and understands the way a person s body reacts to Osteoporosis. The purpose of Homeopathic approach is to vitalize the body s natural healing and self-repair ability to create the highest state of health and well-being. The aim and objective of Homoeopathic management can be achieved by: Dietary intake of intake of calcium required by body. Correction of intake of calcium apart forms food to regulate the daily requirement of calcium. Correction of intestinal absorption of calcium. Correction of assimilation of calcium channels in body by constitutional approach. Exercise, in the form of light exercises and/or meditation. Therapeutic correction in case the above criteria fail or partially improve the patient. Various homeopathic prescriptions are accessible to cure bone loss and keep up bone mass. They tend to get rid of the condition from its roots and prevent it from happening in the future. These include: Symphytum Officinale: It is the best homeopathic solution for treating fractures in osteoporosis. This homeopathic cure helps in joining the cracked bone proficiently. Fractures, where patients complain of a prickling pain in the fractured area, can be significantly soothed by giving this regular homeopathic treatment. This common homeopathic medicine can likewise help in decreasing irritability of the fracture. Ruta Graveolens: It is yet another very effective homeopathic cure used for the treatment of fractures in osteoporosis. Whenever a bone gets broken, the ligaments and tendons of bones that surround it additionally get harmed. It is in this circle where homeopathic medicine Ruta Graveolans demonstrates its great impact. This regular solution helps in mending torn ligaments and tendons. Hypericum Perforatum: It is yet another helpful natural homeopathic solution that can be used with certainty for the excruciating pain in the back because of crushed nerves in the middle of harmed vertebral bones. Calcarea Phosphorica: Calcarea phosphorica is a very effective medication used in homeopathic treatment of the curvature of the spine and flow of blood in patients of osteoporosis. It is mostly given to those patients who have a weak spine and delicate bones, which cause the curvature and stop the flow of blood. Phosphorus: Phosphorus can also give the best results in curing the curvature and flow of blood in patients of osteoporosis. If blazing sensation in spine remains along with the curvature, this treatment is the most effective. This regular homeopathic cure is also valuable for pain and weakness in the spine. Calcarea Fluorica: It is a brilliant solution for osteoporosis patients who complain of pain in the back, which is more painful while resting and better when walking or doing some physical exercise. Syphilinum and Fluoric Acid: These are homeopathic prescriptions that can be used as a part of homeopathic treatment of osteoporosis where the pain occurs in the long bones and is more painful during the night. Sulfur: It is used for those patients of osteoporosis who have an arch in the spine and walk and sit in a stooping position.
5318 people found this helpful

Kyphoplasty In The Management Of Osteporosis!

Dr. Shailesh Jain 85% (11 ratings)
MBBS, MCh, MS
Neurosurgeon, Delhi
Kyphoplasty In The Management Of Osteporosis!
Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder, which causes fragility of bones. In the absence of proper prevention and treatment modalities, osteoporosis can cause a painless progression and subsequent fractures. Such fractures (broken bones) mostly occur in the hip, spine, or wrist. As per several past data-driven studies conducted in the United States of America, 1.5 million new fractures are witnessed in people with osteoporosis every year. Of these, spine fractures are seen in 700,000; hip fractures in 300,000; wrist fractures in 250,000; and fractures of other bones in 250,000 people. Possible Causes of Osteoporosis Hormonal imbalances Pregnancy Metabolic diseases Cancer Age beyond 60-65 years Symptoms of Osteoporosis-Induced Compression Fractures Significant upper or lower back pain Changes in posture Difficulty with breathing and digestion Decreased ability to walk An overall decrease in the quality of life Increased tendency for fracture of adjacent vertebrae Treatment Compression fractures are usually managed with pain medications; narcotic pain medicines are administered for a few months until the pain decreases. Also, few available medications are known to increase the bone density. It is hoped that by building the bone density, future fractures can be prevented. Another method is immobilization of the spine with a brace that helps decrease pain from a broken vertebra; however, such braces are helpful only for the fractures of the lower back. Role of Kyphoplasty in the Management of Osteoporosis Kyphoplasty is a procedure that involves a new technology whereby an osteoporotic compression fracture can be treated with relief in pain, restoration of the lost bone height, and immediate stabilization of the fracture with the injection of bone cement. How is kyphoplasty done? The procedure is carried out via two A incisions on each side of the affected vertebra. The technique utilizes X-ray equipment to place working tools into the collapsed vertebra. This step is followed by an insertion of an inflatable bone tamp or expander into the fractured vertebra on each side, after which, the balloons are slowly inflated, lifting up the fractured portion of the vertebra to a more normal height. The balloons are then deflated, and cement is slowly injected. Excellent restoration of fractures, which are less than 4-6 months old and better than 90% success at reducing pain associated with the broken vertebra, is seen with kyphoplasty. Which patients can benefit from kyphoplasty? Patients with a recent vertebral compression fracture due to osteoporosis Patients with fractures which are less than 4 months old Patients with fractures who are on chronic prednisone or steroids Complications from this procedure have been primarily related to patients who have been on blood thinner medications. Potential complications also include cement leaking out of the vertebra and into inappropriate areas.
1 person found this helpful

Osteoporosis - Say Good Bye To It With Homeopathy!

Dr. Sanjeev Malhotra 92% (17 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma In Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Chandigarh
Osteoporosis - Say Good Bye To It With Homeopathy!
Our bones are composed of calcium deposits, and with age, the amount of deposits gradually reduce, leading to porous bones called in medical terms as osteoporosis - osteo for bone and porosis for porous. Osteoporosis is more common in females, especially after menopause, as there is a strong hormonal connection to osteoporosis. An advice for females post 40 is to include calcium and vitamin d supplements, thereby delaying the onset and reducing the severity of this condition. Listed below are some common treatments, which improve calcium and phosphorus metabolism, reduce bone loss, and improve bone mass. Silicea (silica) - Delicate people who are often very nervous and get tired easily and have a low resistance to infection get benefited from this medication. The spine is the most affected, and there might even be fractures and pus or fistula formation. It helps in healing broken bones and removing bone splinters. This works well in cases where calcium assimilation is affected by improving calcium assimilation. Calcarea phosphorica - This works very well in cases where the spine has been affected. Patients with softened spine and curved body benefit very well from this. This also can be used where there is associated anemia and increased bone pain due to cold weather. At an emotional level, people with general dissatisfaction and a strong desire to travel and wanting a change of situations can also benefit from this. Symphytum - Popularly known as 'knit bone,' this medicine is believed to help unite fractured bones very effectively by promoting strong callous formation. Not just new fractures, this also helps in patients who have pain in old healed or partially healed fractures. Calcarea carbonica - This works well in patients who have issues with calcium absorption, get tired easily, are anxious and stressed out easily. Cold often worsens the pain and there could be swelling of joints and neck and back pain. There is also a strong craving for sweets in these people.
3378 people found this helpful

Osteoporosis - How To Treat It Effectively With Homeopathy?

Dr. Bela Chaudhry 91% (317 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Delhi
Osteoporosis - How To Treat It Effectively With Homeopathy?
The bones and muscles tend to get worn with age and other conditions. Osteoporosis is a condition described by a reduction in bone thickness. Bones tend to become weak and fragile in this condition. The most common consequence of osteoporosis is fractures. Osteoporosis does not cause signs or side effects until it has reached an advanced state. Certain signs and symptoms of osteoporosis include: Back pain Loss of growth after some time A stooped stance Crack of the vertebra, wrist, hip or other bone Homeopathy has been a very beneficial modus operandi in the campaign against Osteoporosis. Homeopathic remedies will not reverse existing bone loss, but can help control pain, will slow down or stop further bone loss, can promote stability and healing. Homeopathic remedies will allow the essential minerals and nutrients to be absorbed more efficiently, thus, further preventing bone fractures, or accelerating healing of any existing fractures by strengthening the bones. Homeopathic constitutional approach takes into account a patient s characteristic symptoms, their overall physical and mental condition and understands the way a person s body reacts to Osteoporosis. The purpose of Homeopathic approach is to vitalize the body s natural healing and self-repair ability to create the highest state of health and well-being. The aim and objective of Homoeopathic management can be achieved by: Dietary intake of intake of calcium required by body. Correction of intake of calcium apart forms food to regulate the daily requirement of calcium. Correction of intestinal absorption of calcium. Correction of assimilation of calcium channels in body by constitutional approach. Exercise, in the form of light exercises and/or meditation. Therapeutic correction in case the above criteria fail or partially improve the patient. Various homeopathic prescriptions are accessible to cure bone loss and keep up bone mass. They tend to get rid of the condition from its roots and prevent it from happening in the future. These include: Symphytum Officinale: It is the best homeopathic solution for treating fractures in osteoporosis. This homeopathic cure helps in joining the cracked bone proficiently. Fractures, where patients complain of a prickling pain in the fractured area, can be significantly soothed by giving this regular homeopathic treatment. This common homeopathic medicine can likewise help in decreasing irritability of the fracture. Ruta Graveolens: It is yet another very effective homeopathic cure used for the treatment of fractures in osteoporosis. Whenever a bone gets broken, the ligaments and tendons of bones that surround it additionally get harmed. It is in this circle where homeopathic medicine Ruta Graveolans demonstrates its great impact. This regular solution helps in mending torn ligaments and tendons. Hypericum Perforatum: It is yet another helpful natural homeopathic solution that can be used with certainty for the excruciating pain in the back because of crushed nerves in the middle of harmed vertebral bones. Calcarea Phosphorica: Calcarea phosphorica is a very effective medication used in homeopathic treatment of the curvature of the spine and flow of blood in patients of osteoporosis. It is mostly given to those patients who have a weak spine and delicate bones, which cause the curvature and stop the flow of blood. Phosphorus: Phosphorus can also give the best results in curing the curvature and flow of blood in patients of osteoporosis. If blazing sensation in spine remains along with the curvature, this treatment is the most effective. This regular homeopathic cure is also valuable for pain and weakness in the spine. Calcarea Fluorica: It is a brilliant solution for osteoporosis patients who complain of pain in the back, which is more painful while resting and better when walking or doing some physical exercise. Syphilinum and Fluoric Acid: These are homeopathic prescriptions that can be used as a part of homeopathic treatment of osteoporosis where the pain occurs in the long bones and is more painful during the night. Sulfur: It is used for those patients of osteoporosis who have an arch in the spine and walk and sit in a stooping position.
4645 people found this helpful

How A Healthy Diet Can Reduce Osteoporosis Risk?

Dt. Divya Gandhi 88% (101 ratings)
Diploma In Diet & Nutrition, Diploma In Dietitics, Health & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
How A Healthy Diet Can Reduce Osteoporosis Risk?
The bones are a porous matrix which is filled with minerals like calcium and phosphorus which make them strong. Over a period of time, the mineral content is lost and therefore the matrix gets brittle. Bones are more likely to fracture in these people. Causes/Risk factors: The bones get fragile and brittle with age in most people, and people over 60 years of age are likely to be affected Asian women about the age of 45 are prone to osteoporosis Reduced vitamin D intake (either by sun exposure or through diet) also makes bone porous and prone to fracture Sedentary lifestyle with minimal or no exercise Lower levels of estrogen, especially post menopause Cigarette smoking Reduced testosterone levels With fracture, there is severe pain, loss of mobility, and need for prolonged nursing. Foods which can help control/prevent osteoporosis: Yoghurt: Derived from milk, it is rich in animal protein and also contains good amounts of vitamin D and B2, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. It helps in maintaining estrogen levels during menopause, thereby preventing osteoporosis. They also provide a good supply of gut bacteria, which improves immunity. Milk: Similar to yoghurt, this is also rich in various minerals that are essential for bone health. The vitamin D in it also improves calcium absorption, thereby prolonging the occurrence of osteoporosis. Fish and meat: Lean meat and fish are good sources of oils and protein and form an essential part of diet for preventing osteoporosis. Sardines and salmon are ideal as the tiny fish are rich sources of calcium. Eggs: This contains good amounts of natural protein, minerals, and vitamins essential for bone health. It also helps in estrogen formation, which has a bone-protective effect. Cabbage: Any form of cabbage is good for preventing osteoporosis. It promotes bone metabolism and has calcium which help in strong bone formation. Bananas: Another effective food in preventing osteoporosis, it helps improve absorption of calcium and other essential nutrients to ensure bones are formed and maintain health. It also has natural oils, potassium, and vitamins A and C in good quantity. Almonds: It forms an integral part of preventing osteoporosis by increasing bone density and promoting bone health. It also has good oil content, which is also essential for bone health. Legumes: Beans and other legumes are rich source of proteins and minerals and therefore prevent onset of osteoporosis. Bengal gram (chole): Another great source of various minerals and vitamins, it is very low in calories and sugar and is great to lose weight. It also improves bone health by increasing density. Indulge yourself in these and keep osteoporosis at bay!!
4265 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Suffering from osteoporosis and previously treated for parathyroid adenoma. Severe pain in legs and back. My age is 34. Taken tab palitex for pain. But now palitex is not available in market. So please suggest a suitable medicine for this severe pain.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 92% (7138 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Hot or cold compresses. Applying heat or cold may help. "Some people like heat, some like cold, Deal says. "Whatever feels best. TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation). A TENS system includes a small, battery-powered machine, connected by wires to a pair of electrodes. The electrodes are connected to your skin near the pain source. A mild electrical current travels through your skin and goes along your nerve fibers. It may reduce pain by changing the way your brain perceives pain, experts say. One session takes about 15 minutes. "TENS is sometimes helpful -- not a game-changer but worth a try, Deal says. Massage. This may give your muscles relief. Get your doctor's approval first, only get massage from a qualified therapist, and make sure the therapist knows about your osteoporosis and your fracture. OSTEOPOROSIS ExerciseExercising regularly builds and strengthens bones. Weight-bearing exercises—where bones and muscles work against gravity—are best. These include aerobics, dancing, jogging, stair climbing, tennis, walking, and lifting weights. People who have osteoporosis may want to attempt gentle exercise, such as walking, rather than jogging or fast-paced aerobics, which increase the chance of falling. Exercising three to four times per week for 20-30 minutes each time helps.

I am suffering from muscles stiffness or don't know may be joint stiffness .After having a position for a period of time (approx 5-10 minutes) the body part which is not moved, on slight motion produce a saviour pain ,after 1-2 minutes the pain is gone not completely but mostly gone. I am 23 years old,it is a kind of osteoporosis? Please help me for that.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 92% (7138 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Hot or cold compresses. Applying heat or cold may help. "Some people like heat, some like cold, Deal says. "Whatever feels best. TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation). A TENS system includes a small, battery-powered machine, connected by wires to a pair of electrodes. The electrodes are connected to your skin near the pain source. A mild electrical current travels through your skin and goes along your nerve fibers. It may reduce pain by changing the way your brain perceives pain, experts say. One session takes about 15 minutes. "TENS is sometimes helpful -- not a game-changer but worth a try, Deal says. Massage. This may give your muscles relief. Get your doctor's approval first, only get massage from a qualified therapist, and make sure the therapist knows about your osteoporosis and your fracture. OSTEOPOROSIS ExerciseExercising regularly builds and strengthens bones. Weight-bearing exercises—where bones and muscles work against gravity—are best. These include aerobics, dancing, jogging, stair climbing, tennis, walking, and lifting weights. People who have osteoporosis may want to attempt gentle exercise, such as walking, rather than jogging or fast-paced aerobics, which increase the chance of falling. Exercising three to four times per week for 20-30 minutes each time helps.
1 person found this helpful

Is osteoporosis common in old age? What are the factors responsible for degeneration of bone at knee and joints, particularly in old age? Which precautions are to be taken to avoid pain in joints and knee?

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 92% (7138 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Hot or cold compresses. Applying heat or cold may help. "Some people like heat, some like cold, Deal says. "Whatever feels best. TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation). A TENS system includes a small, battery-powered machine, connected by wires to a pair of electrodes. The electrodes are connected to your skin near the pain source. A mild electrical current travels through your skin and goes along your nerve fibers. It may reduce pain by changing the way your brain perceives pain, experts say. One session takes about 15 minutes. "TENS is sometimes helpful -- not a game-changer but worth a try, Deal says. Massage. This may give your muscles relief. Get your doctor's approval first, only get massage from a qualified therapist, and make sure the therapist knows about your osteoporosis and your fracture. OSTEOPOROSIS Exercise Exercising regularly builds and strengthens bones. Weight-bearing exercises—where bones and muscles work against gravity—are best. These include aerobics, dancing, jogging, stair climbing, tennis, walking, and lifting weights. People who have osteoporosis may want to attempt gentle exercise, such as walking, rather than jogging or fast-paced aerobics, which increase the chance of falling. Exercising three to four times per week for 20-30 minutes each time helps.
1 person found this helpful

My mother knee is affected with oseroporis and she is 70 years old. Is there any way to remedy her oseroporis bone disorder other than surgery?

Dr. C.Srinivas Rao 91% (105 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Hyderabad
Hi! Your mother is best suitable to undergo Ayurveda therapies like JANU BASTHI helps in mobility and in pain relief. Do it once 3 months for 7 days as a maintenance for her knees.

My mother is of age 49, suffering from osteoporosis. Initially, she s suffering from joint pain for 15 years. But, neither the treatments are effective nor medicines.

Tarun 88% (66 ratings)
Bachelor of Physiotherapy, PGDEI, FNR, FSR
Physiotherapist, Zirakpur
Dear user osteoporosis is silent killer as it can cause fracture of spine, hip even with simple fall. Your mother should regularly take calcium and vitamin D 3 supplement along with food such as milk, curd, Almonds, raisin etc. These things will also reduce her joint pain. She need to do simple exercises also to reduce pain for which you should consult nearby Physiotherapist.

Health Quizzes

Osteoporosis - Possible Ways You Manage It!

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty, Advanced Life trauma Support, Diploma In Sports Injuries
Orthopedist, Delhi
Sneezing can result in broken bones if you have osteoporosis. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz
10 people took this quiz

Osteoporosis and Vitamin D - What is the connection?

Dr. Vivek A 92% (233 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Chennai
There any risks associated with taking vitamin D to prevent osteoporosis. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz
194 people took this quiz

Preventing Gout And Osteoporosis With Homeopathy!

Dr. Prashant K Vaidya 90% (507 ratings)
Diploma in Gastroenterology, Diploma in Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Homeopathic medicine cannot be used to treat curvature of the spine in osteoporosis. True or false? Take the quiz to know now.
Start Quiz
86 people took this quiz

How to detect osteoporosis?

Dr. Nithin Kumar Bejjanki 91% (120 ratings)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), MBBS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
A bone density test should be conducted every 1 2 years. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz
46 people took this quiz

Popular Health Packages

ENQUIRE
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹1650
ENQUIRE
15 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹6000
ENQUIRE
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹7500
ENQUIRE
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹2800
ENQUIRE
60 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹6000