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Osteoporosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Osteopororsis is a medical condition which makes the bones brittle and weak. The bone gets so brittle that even a mild stress like falling, coughing and bending can cause a severe fracture. The fractures caused by Osteopororsis usually occur on the spine, wrist and hip. The bones in our body is constantly broken and replaced, during Osteopororsis, the bone fails to get replaced after breaking down. Osteopororsis affects both women and men, but Asian and white women, especially those who have passed their menopause are at a higher risk. Weight- bearing exercises, healthy diet and medications can strengthen weak bones and avoid bone loss.

Risk factors of Osteopororsis:

Unchangeable risks:

  • Age- According to studies, the older you are, the more prone you become in developing Osteopororsis.
  • Race- Being of Asian or white ancestry can put you at a greater risk of developing Osteopororsis.
  • Family history- Having a sibling or a parent with Osteopororsis can make you more susceptible in developing it.
  • Body frame- Women and men who have small body frames usually tend to develop Osteopororsis at a young age because their bone mass is very less as compared to people with a big body frame.

Hormone levels:

  • Sex hormones- Low sex hormones weaken the bones. Also less estrogen levels in women during menopause is the most common risk factor for developing Osteopororsis. The treatments used for prostate cancer can reduce estrogen and testosterone levels in men which can lead to bone loss density.
  • Thyroid problems- A lot of thyroid hormone can lead to bone loss. If you have an overactive thyroid, taking thyroid hormone medications to treat the thyroid can develop Osteopororsis.
  • Other glands- Osteoporosis can also be caused due to adrenal glands or an overactive parathyroid.

Dietary factors:

  • Low calcium intake- Lack of calcium plays a major role in Osteopororsis. Low calcium consumption contributes to increased risk of fractures, early loss of bones and low bone density.
  • Eating disorders- Restricting the consumption of food can severely weaken the bones in both women and men. People who have anorexia are more prone in developing Osteopororsis.
  • Gastrointestinal surgery- Surgery which reduces the size of your stomach or surgery to remove parts of the intestine can limit the level of area available to absorb nutrients like calcium.


  • Sometimes certain medications and steroids used to treat seizures, gastric reflux, cancer and transplant rejection can also contribute in developing Osteopororsis.
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Pain on the back bones Pain on the lower back Pain on the bones of the affected area Loss of height Bone fracture

Popular Health Tips

Osteoporosis - How Homeopathic Remedies Can Help?

Dr. Pawan Uniyal 92% (58 ratings)
BHMS, MBA (Healthcare)
Homeopath, Dehradun
Osteoporosis - How Homeopathic Remedies Can Help?
Osteoporosis is a medical condition marked by a decrease in bone density. It results in the brittleness of bones and their fracture. Osteoporosis does not display any signs or symptoms but manifests itself in advanced age. Homeopathic remedies for Osteoporosis Silica or Silicea-This remedy is for people who are often nervous, feel sweaty during the night, get easily tired and are a highly nervous lot. The injuries of such people take the time to heal/ are difficult to heal and their spine is weak. Generally, these patients have delicate or refined features. Symphytum- Meant for those fractures that occur because of mild trauma, this remedy is useful in cases where pain persists in old but healed fractures and also when bones need to be strengthened. Calcarea carbonica- This remedy is administered to people who are overwhelmed by a lot of work and stress, get tired easily after work and have a proclivity to stress a lot. Generally, these people are overweight and have a lot of body flab and easily get depressed by cold/chilly weather and dampness in the air. They have swollen joints, experience a recurring back pain and get a sweaty head in the night. An interesting characteristic of these people is also that they have a craving for eggs and sweet things. Calcarea phosphorica- This remedy is meant for people who have a deep, uncontrollable and intense desire for travel. They want a change in their environment and have a general sense of dissatisfaction. People requiring this medication have pain in their neck, upper back and hips. Fractures, if any, are slow to heal and there maybe deposits of calcium in the bones. Post-exercise, these people feel greatly tired. Phosphorus- Meant for people who experience a burning pain between their shoulder blades, phosphorus as an osteoporosis remedy is given to those people who have an intense desire for refreshing foods like ice cream, beverages, carbonated drinks etc. Such people are usually lanky and their faces often get flushed. They are sensitive, suggestible and susceptible to the imagination. They get easily tired after a round of exercise and work. Homeopathy Dosage Unless directed by a homeopathic physician, take doses of low potency like 6X, 6C, 12X, 12C, 30X or 30 C if you are going in for self-medication. Follow the instructions printed on the label. If you are taking a single dose, ten wait for its response. If the medicine is working, then wait for its full effect to manifest. If there is little or no response, take another dose. If there is no response at all after taking the second dose then change the medicine. Please note that dosage depends upon the individual and the intensity of his/her ailment,

Osteoporosis - Tips To Help You Deal With It!

Dr. Deepak Thakur 86% (99 ratings)
M.CH. (Ortho), MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Osteoporosis - Tips To Help You Deal With It!
Osteoporosis is a Latin word for porous bones . A healthy bone holds tiny spaces within it resembling a honey comb. Osteoporosis causes an expansion in the dimension of these spaces so much so that the bone loses out on its density and strength, at the same time turning brittle and thin on the outer part. People afflicted with osteoporosis are prone to experiencing fractures at the slightest stimulation while engaging in daily chores. It usually affects one s wrists, hip and the spine, thus rendering a stooped posture, loss in height and back pain as a result of a collapsed vertebra. Factors such as lowered estrogen count in women and testosterone in men, long term use of certain medications, certain medical conditions such as damage to the liver or the kidneys and a sedentary lifestyle along with excessive tobacco and alcohol consumption make one vulnerable to osteoporosis. Tips To Help you Manage manage and prevent it Medications: Zoledronic acid, Ibandronate, Risedronate and Alendronate are some of the widely used medicines to combat the risks of fracture. However, these medicines carry considerable side-effects, for instance adnominal pain, nausea or a heart-burn like sensation. Ipriflavone, a laboratory manufactured product, in combination with calcium can be used as an alternative medicine to inhibit bone loss and alleviate pain. Quit smoking: Smoking escalates the rate of bone loss and the chances of sustaining another fracture. Refrain from excessive alcohol intake: Alcohol meddles with one s bone formation. Also, excessive alcohol intake might cause one to feel tipsy and thus fall down, aggravating risks of injuries and fractures even more. Be careful while walking: Choose low or flat heeled footwear with soles that do not slip. Watch your step. Be careful with rugs, slippery surfaces, electrical cords or other scattered substances which might make you trip over and fall. Install grab bars in your house so that you can hold on to them if you suddenly feel unsteady on the feet.
2482 people found this helpful

Debunking Myths On Osteoporosis!

Dr. V G Rajan 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS)
Orthopedist, Bangalore
Debunking Myths On Osteoporosis!
Life with Osteoporosis: Myths and Facts Osteoporosis is a commonly experienced condition where the bones tend to get thin and become hollow over time. This is a condition that is experienced mostly by people who are over the age of 50 years, and even more commonly by women who have been through menopause. Other risk factors include smoking as well as medication which can lead to such degenerative diseases as a side effect. Let us find out about living with osteoporosis and the many myths and facts surrounding the same- A Natural Part of Aging: This is a fact. While not everyone who ages will wind up with this condition, it is commonly experienced by patients who are growing old. One can resort to taking calcium supplements as well as plenty of Vitamin D in order to prevent the risk of fractures that are a common occurrence in such a condition where the bones become too hollow. Also, mild and moderate exercise will help the condition. Only Female Patients: This is a myth. While it is true that women form a major risk group when it comes to this condition, there are many men who also suffer from it. It has been demonstrated by various medical studies that one in every five men in the USA alone are prone to this condition. Furthermore, due to exercise, sports and other heavy manual work, young men are more likely to end up with a fractured bone than an aging woman. Worry only when you are Old: This is also a myth. One must remember that the major bone mass forms by the time a person hits the age of 18 to 20 years. This is the time when nutrition, exercise and lifestyles must be structured in a way that such troubles like osteoporosis will not follow you into the later years when your bones begin to age. Ample and strong bone mass nourished by proper habits, will help in preventing such conditions to a large extent. Fractures only happen if you Fall: This is another myth. It is important to keep in mind that living with a condition like osteoporosis means that you have to be vigilant at all times in your daily routine and other activities. Strain on the bones can also lead to fractures, and one does not necessarily have to fall down to get one. Leaning over too much can also lead to a fracture! You can feel the Degeneration: It is another myth that you can actually feel your bones getting weaker. Usually, there are no symptoms of this condition until it has progressed to a particularly painful stage in your life. The best way to find out if you are suffering from osteoporosis is by taking a bone density test.
2532 people found this helpful

Osteoporosis and Spinal Fractures - Symptoms and Treatments

Dr. Phani Kiran 92% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics
Orthopedist, Chennai
Osteoporosis and Spinal Fractures - Symptoms and Treatments
Osteoporosis is a condition wherein the bones become brittle and weak; so much so that even mildly stressful activities such as coughing, bending over or even a slight fall (such as the one from a high rise chair) can result in fractures. Osteoporosis-related fractures commonly occur in the spine, hip or the wrist. The human body has a continuous mechanism of bone absorption and removal. In case of osteoporosis, the creation of new bones doesn t happen in accordance with the removal of old bones. Spinal Fractures: The bones of the spine get extremely vulnerable to breakage and even cracking open. The fractures in the spine, also known as vertebral compression fractures can cause a sharp stinging pain in the back that may make sitting, standing, or even walking a very tardy task. Risk Factors: Increasing age Abnormally less or high body weight Smoking Menopause or low levels of sex hormones Gender: This disorder is more likely to affect women as compared to men. Also, women, who are above 50 are more likely to suffer from this debilitating disorder. Race is a significant risk factor of osteoporosis. If you are of Asian descent, you are more likely to be affected by it. Having a family history of osteoporosis will put you at a greater risk of this disorder. The pain typically happens with a slight back strain during an everyday activity like: Lifting a bag of groceries Bending to the floor to pick something up Slipping on a rug or making a misstep Lifting a suitcase out of the trunk of a car Lifting the corner of a mattress when changing bed linens Symptoms of Spine Fracture: Fractured or collapsed vertebra causing back pain A stooped posture A shrunken appearance (as if one has had loss of height) Very fragile bones, thus increasing risks of fractures Severe and sudden pain in the back Difficulty in twisting or bending the body Lower spine fractures are way more troublesome as compared to fractures in the upper spine. Fracturing more than a bone in the spine also remains a huge possibility. Who s Most Likely to Get Spine Fractures? Women, especially those older than 50, are most likely to get spine fractures. By age 80, about 40% of women have had one. Your age makes a difference, too. As you get older, your bones become thinner and weaker, and you re more likely to have osteoporosis. Women and men who have osteoporosis have much higher chances of getting spine fractures. Diagnosis and Treatment: Firstly, an X-ray or a computerized tomography (CT scan) will be done to have a closer look at the bones. A bone density test is another commonly used method of diagnosing osteoporosis. Steroids and medications: Some medications may be used to prevent or combat osteoporosis. These include alendronate, ibandronate, risedronate and zoledronic acid. Physical therapy: Just like muscles, bones get stronger too when you exercise. Weight-bearing and muscle- strengthening exercises are the most helpful in this regard and are considered best for the treatment of osteoporosis. Cardiovascular exercises such as walking, jogging or even swimming can prove to be immensely beneficial. Diet: Make a diet chart that includes high-calcium food items, dairy products such as yogurt, cheese, and low-fat milk, tofu, green vegetables such as collard greens and broccoli, sea fish such as salmon and sardines. Salt: Limit salt intake Therapy: Hormone replacement therapy (treatment method consisting of estrogens to alleviate and treat symptoms of osteoporosis) is another method of treatment that can be recommended by the doctor. Prevent Spine Fractures: The best way to prevent them is to prevent osteoporosis. Even if you already have it, you can take steps to keep it from getting worse. Eat a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, and get regular exercise, especially the weight-bearing and muscle strengthening kinds. Ask your doctor if you need a bone mineral density test to see how strong your bones are. It is never too early -- or too late -- to prevent bone loss.

Do More Than Cardio!

Dr. Mrinal Kinker 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, FIAGES-MInimal Access Surgery
IVF Specialist, Kota
Do More Than Cardio!
"Women need a mix of cardio and resistance or weight-bearing exercise at least three to five times a week to help prevent osteoporosis, heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. Exercise also promotes good self-image, which is really important to a woman's mental health."
3 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 70 years of age. I am suffering with osteoporosis. Now I feel pain in my right arm Rest of tests are OK. Please help.

Dr. Vp Trivedi 87% (304 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lucknow
U please take Lakshadi guggulu n Abha guggulu 2 tablets each twice a day with warm water for a long period say 2 months or more. U will feel relief. Chilled food stuffs like ice cream, Beer, chilled cold drinks or water should avoided.

I am 58 years old, suffering from osteoporosis. I am now limping in left leg. At the top of hip where leg joins at waist, having a pain, which is causing me limp. How can I get rid of the problem?

Dr. Mohd Alim 92% (1092 ratings)
M.P.T. (Neuro), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Lucknow
It may be due to osteoporosis or hip arthritis or hip synovitis. Go for hip and low back xray to rule out your problem

My mother's whole body swell up. When she check up from doctor he says that she has osteoporosis due which she fell pain in back and which cause body swell so I want to known this true reason for swell. Please reply.

Dr. N S S Gauri 94% (6390 ratings)
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Ayurveda, Kanpur
swelling and osteoporosis are different aspects for swelling take gokshuradi awleh 5 gm twice a day for osteoporosis take vatari avleh 5 gm twice a day
1 person found this helpful

Hello Dr, my mother is a patient of osteoporosis n arthritis. Her knees are in a great pain n after the x Ray Dr. has asked to wait for some time before deciding on any kind of injection or surgery. She is 76 years old n hypertension patient .right now immobile. Kindly guide.

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 91% (15485 ratings)
Physiotherapist, Noida
Sports Taping- stretch the tape from both ends and apply on the affected area Contrast Fomentation (Hot and Cold).
1 person found this helpful

Hello doctor. I have a question regarding my mom. She was diagnosed with osteoporosis before a year. She has disc in back and neck also. Now she has pain in right shoulder and can not move her arm properly nor can do any heavy work with this arm. She faces problem during sleep also. She cannot sleep on right side due to shoulder and it feels as if something heavy has been placed on her shoulder. Doctor did xray and gave medicine bt no improvement. please suggest what to do.

Dr. Priyanka Saini 92% (67 ratings)
Bachelor of Physiotherapy, Advanced Dry Needling Therapist
Physiotherapist, Noida
Hello Lybrate user, sir the disk of neck might cause nerve compression which leads to improper nerve supply to the shoulder joint because of which the muscles of arm started getting less nutrition supply and started getting weak. Shoulder PAIN 1.Hot Fermentation over the painful shoulder for 10-15 min. Twice a day 2.Active shoulder movements within the painfree range. 10 reps 3.Wall press with shoulder anteriorly and sideways. 10 sec hold and 10 reps 4.Ultrasonic therapy over the painful point 5.Electrotherapy for 15-18 mins over the painful shoulder. 6.Precaution: Avoid sleeping on the affected shoulder, Avoid lifting any weight with the affected shoulder.
1 person found this helpful

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The hard reality of soft drinks

Mr. Kishore D 89% (872 ratings)
Diploma in Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Secunderabad
Clearer soft drinks are healthier than the darker ones. True or False? Ace this simple quiz and know.
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