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Osteoporosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Osteopororsis is a medical condition which makes the bones brittle and weak. The bone gets so brittle that even a mild stress like falling, coughing and bending can cause a severe fracture. The fractures caused by Osteopororsis usually occur on the spine, wrist and hip. The bones in our body is constantly broken and replaced, during Osteopororsis, the bone fails to get replaced after breaking down. Osteopororsis affects both women and men, but Asian and white women, especially those who have passed their menopause are at a higher risk. Weight- bearing exercises, healthy diet and medications can strengthen weak bones and avoid bone loss.

Risk factors of Osteopororsis:

Unchangeable risks:

  • Age- According to studies, the older you are, the more prone you become in developing Osteopororsis.
  • Race- Being of Asian or white ancestry can put you at a greater risk of developing Osteopororsis.
  • Family history- Having a sibling or a parent with Osteopororsis can make you more susceptible in developing it.
  • Body frame- Women and men who have small body frames usually tend to develop Osteopororsis at a young age because their bone mass is very less as compared to people with a big body frame.

Hormone levels:

  • Sex hormones- Low sex hormones weaken the bones. Also less estrogen levels in women during menopause is the most common risk factor for developing Osteopororsis. The treatments used for prostate cancer can reduce estrogen and testosterone levels in men which can lead to bone loss density.
  • Thyroid problems- A lot of thyroid hormone can lead to bone loss. If you have an overactive thyroid, taking thyroid hormone medications to treat the thyroid can develop Osteopororsis.
  • Other glands- Osteoporosis can also be caused due to adrenal glands or an overactive parathyroid.

Dietary factors:

  • Low calcium intake- Lack of calcium plays a major role in Osteopororsis. Low calcium consumption contributes to increased risk of fractures, early loss of bones and low bone density.
  • Eating disorders- Restricting the consumption of food can severely weaken the bones in both women and men. People who have anorexia are more prone in developing Osteopororsis.
  • Gastrointestinal surgery- Surgery which reduces the size of your stomach or surgery to remove parts of the intestine can limit the level of area available to absorb nutrients like calcium.


  • Sometimes certain medications and steroids used to treat seizures, gastric reflux, cancer and transplant rejection can also contribute in developing Osteopororsis.
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Pain on the back bones Pain on the lower back Pain on the bones of the affected area Loss of height Bone fracture

Popular Health Tips

Osteoporosis - How A Healthy Diet Can Reduce Its Risk?

Dr. Suneet Khanna 86% (68 ratings)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Osteoporosis - How A Healthy Diet Can Reduce Its Risk?
The bones are a porous matrix which is filled with minerals like calcium and phosphorus which make them strong. Over a period of time, the mineral content is lost and therefore the matrix gets brittle. Bones are more likely to fracture in these people. Causes/Risk factors: The bones get fragile and brittle with age in most people, and people over 60 years of age are likely to be affected Asian women about the age of 45 are prone to osteoporosis Reduced vitamin D intake (either by sun exposure or through diet) also makes bone porous and prone to fracture Sedentary lifestyle with minimal or no exercise Lower levels of estrogen, especially post menopause Cigarette smoking Reduced testosterone levels With fracture, there is severe pain, loss of mobility, and need for prolonged nursing. Foods which can help control/prevent osteoporosis: Yoghurt: Derived from milk, it is rich in animal protein and also contains good amounts of vitamin D and B2, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. It helps in maintaining estrogen levels during menopause, thereby preventing osteoporosis. They also provide a good supply of gut bacteria, which improves immunity. Milk: Similar to yoghurt, this is also rich in various minerals that are essential for bone health. The vitamin D in it also improves calcium absorption, thereby prolonging the occurrence of osteoporosis. Fish and meat: Lean meat and fish are good sources of oils and protein and form an essential part of diet for preventing osteoporosis. Sardines and salmon are ideal as the tiny fish are rich sources of calcium. Eggs: This contains good amounts of natural protein, minerals, and vitamins essential for bone health. It also helps in estrogen formation, which has a bone-protective effect. Cabbage: Any form of cabbage is good for preventing osteoporosis. It promotes bone metabolism and has calcium which help in strong bone formation. Bananas: Another effective food in preventing osteoporosis, it helps improve absorption of calcium and other essential nutrients to ensure bones are formed and maintain health. It also has natural oils, potassium, and vitamins A and C in good quantity. Almonds: It forms an integral part of preventing osteoporosis by increasing bone density and promoting bone health. It also has good oil content, which is also essential for bone health. Legumes: Beans and other legumes are rich source of proteins and minerals and therefore prevent onset of osteoporosis. Bengal gram (chole): Another great source of various minerals and vitamins, it is very low in calories and sugar and is great to lose weight. It also improves bone health by increasing density. Indulge yourself in these and keep osteoporosis at bay!!
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Dr. Sanjay Bansal 85% (76 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship Joint Replacement Surgery
Orthopedist, Delhi
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How To Prevent Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis Spine Fractures - How It Can Be Diagnosed & Treated?

Dr. Avinash Wankhede 89% (1351 ratings)
Clinical Cardiology, MD - Consultant Physician
Cardiologist, Surat
Osteoporosis Spine Fractures - How It Can Be Diagnosed & Treated?
Osteoporosis is a condition wherein the bones become brittle and weak; so much so that even mildly stressful activities such as coughing, bending over or even a slight fall (such as the one from a high rise chair) can result in fractures. Osteoporosis-related fractures commonly occur in the spine, hip or the wrist. The human body has a continuous mechanism of bone absorption and removal. In case of osteoporosis, the creation of new bones doesn t happen in accordance with the removal of old bones. Spinal Fractures: The bones of the spine get extremely vulnerable to breakage and even cracking open. The fractures in the spine, also known as vertebral compression fractures can cause a sharp stinging pain in the back that may make sitting, standing, or even walking a very tardy task. Risk Factors: Increasing age Abnormally less or high body weight Smoking Menopause or low levels of sex hormones Gender: This disorder is more likely to affect women as compared to men. Also women, who are above 50 are more likely to suffer from this debilitating disorder. Race is a significant risk factor of osteoporosis. If you are of Asian descent, you are more likely to be affected by it. Having a family history of osteoporosis will put you at a greater risk of this disorder. Symptoms: Fractured or collapsed vertebra causing back pain A stooped posture A shrunken appearance (as if one has had loss of height) Very fragile bones, thus increasing risks of fractures Severe and sudden pain in the back Difficulty in twisting or bending the body Lower spine fractures are way more troublesome as compared to fractures in the upper spine. Fracturing more than a bone in the spine also remains a huge possibility. Diagnosis and Treatment: Firstly, an X-ray or a computerized tomography (CT scan) will be done to have a closer look at the bones. A bone density test is another commonly used method of diagnosing osteoporosis. Steroids and medications: Some medications may be used to prevent or combat osteoporosis. These include alendronate, ibandronate, risedronate and zoledronic acid. Physical therapy: Just like muscles, bones get stronger too when you exercise. Weight-bearing and muscle- strengthening exercises are the most helpful in this regard and are considered best for the treatment of osteoporosis. Cardiovascular exercises such as walking, jogging or even swimming can prove to be immensely beneficial. Diet: Make a diet chart that includes high-calcium food items, dairy products such as yogurt, cheese, and low-fat milk, tofu, green vegetables such as collard greens and broccoli, sea fish such as salmon and sardines. Salt: Limit salt intake Therapy: Hormone replacement therapy (treatment method consisting of estrogens to alleviate and treat symptoms of osteoporosis) is another method of treatment that can be recommended by the doctor.
3660 people found this helpful

Homeopathy for Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis!

Dr. Raj Bonde 94% (47348 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Aurangabad
Homeopathy for Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis!
The bones and muscles tend to get worn with age and other conditions. Osteoporosis is a condition described by a reduction in bone thickness. Bones tend to become weak and fragile in this condition. The most common consequence of osteoporosis is fractures. Osteoporosis does not cause signs or side effects until it has reached an advanced state. Certain signs and symptoms of osteoporosis include: Back pain Loss of growth after some time A stooped stance Crack of the vertebra, wrist, hip or other bone Homeopathy has been a very beneficial modus operandi in the campaign against Osteoporosis. Homeopathic remedies will not reverse existing bone loss, but can help control pain, will slow down or stop further bone loss, can promote stability and healing. Homeopathic remedies will allow the essential minerals and nutrients to be absorbed more efficiently, thus, further preventing bone fractures, or accelerating healing of any existing fractures by strengthening the bones. Homeopathic constitutional approach takes into account a patient s characteristic symptoms, their overall physical and mental condition and understands the way a person s body reacts to Osteoporosis. The purpose of Homeopathic approach is to vitalize the body s natural healing and self-repair ability to create the highest state of health and well-being. The aim and objective of Homoeopathic management can be achieved by: Dietary intake of intake of calcium required by body. Correction of intake of calcium apart forms food to regulate the daily requirement of calcium. Correction of intestinal absorption of calcium. Correction of assimilation of calcium channels in body by constitutional approach. Exercise, in the form of light exercises and/or meditation. Therapeutic correction in case the above criteria fail or partially improve the patient. Various homeopathic prescriptions are accessible to cure bone loss and keep up bone mass. They tend to get rid of the condition from its roots and prevent it from happening in the future. These include: Symphytum Officinale: It is the best homeopathic solution for treating fractures in osteoporosis. This homeopathic cure helps in joining the cracked bone proficiently. Fractures, where patients complain of a prickling pain in the fractured area, can be significantly soothed by giving this regular homeopathic treatment. This common homeopathic medicine can likewise help in decreasing irritability of the fracture. Ruta Graveolens: It is yet another very effective homeopathic cure used for the treatment of fractures in osteoporosis. Whenever a bone gets broken, the ligaments and tendons of bones that surround it additionally get harmed. It is in this circle where homeopathic medicine Ruta Graveolans demonstrates its great impact. This regular solution helps in mending torn ligaments and tendons. Hypericum Perforatum: It is yet another helpful natural homeopathic solution that can be used with certainty for the excruciating pain in the back because of crushed nerves in the middle of harmed vertebral bones. Calcarea Phosphorica: Calcarea phosphorica is a very effective medication used in homeopathic treatment of the curvature of the spine and flow of blood in patients of osteoporosis. It is mostly given to those patients who have a weak spine and delicate bones, which cause the curvature and stop the flow of blood. Phosphorus: Phosphorus can also give the best results in curing the curvature and flow of blood in patients of osteoporosis. If blazing sensation in spine remains along with the curvature, this treatment is the most effective. This regular homeopathic cure is also valuable for pain and weakness in the spine. Calcarea Fluorica: It is a brilliant solution for osteoporosis patients who complain of pain in the back, which is more painful while resting and better when walking or doing some physical exercise. Syphilinum and Fluoric Acid: These are homeopathic prescriptions that can be used as a part of homeopathic treatment of osteoporosis where the pain occurs in the long bones and is more painful during the night. Sulfur: It is used for those patients of osteoporosis who have an arch in the spine and walk and sit in a stooping position.
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Osteoporosis - How Homeopathic Remedies Can Help?

Dr. Pawan Uniyal 92% (137 ratings)
BHMS, MBA (Healthcare)
Homeopath, Dehradun
Osteoporosis - How Homeopathic Remedies Can Help?
Osteoporosis is a medical condition marked by a decrease in bone density. It results in the brittleness of bones and their fracture. Osteoporosis does not display any signs or symptoms but manifests itself in advanced age. Homeopathic remedies for Osteoporosis Silica or Silicea-This remedy is for people who are often nervous, feel sweaty during the night, get easily tired and are a highly nervous lot. The injuries of such people take the time to heal/ are difficult to heal and their spine is weak. Generally, these patients have delicate or refined features. Symphytum- Meant for those fractures that occur because of mild trauma, this remedy is useful in cases where pain persists in old but healed fractures and also when bones need to be strengthened. Calcarea carbonica- This remedy is administered to people who are overwhelmed by a lot of work and stress, get tired easily after work and have a proclivity to stress a lot. Generally, these people are overweight and have a lot of body flab and easily get depressed by cold/chilly weather and dampness in the air. They have swollen joints, experience a recurring back pain and get a sweaty head in the night. An interesting characteristic of these people is also that they have a craving for eggs and sweet things. Calcarea phosphorica- This remedy is meant for people who have a deep, uncontrollable and intense desire for travel. They want a change in their environment and have a general sense of dissatisfaction. People requiring this medication have pain in their neck, upper back and hips. Fractures, if any, are slow to heal and there maybe deposits of calcium in the bones. Post-exercise, these people feel greatly tired. Phosphorus- Meant for people who experience a burning pain between their shoulder blades, phosphorus as an osteoporosis remedy is given to those people who have an intense desire for refreshing foods like ice cream, beverages, carbonated drinks etc. Such people are usually lanky and their faces often get flushed. They are sensitive, suggestible and susceptible to the imagination. They get easily tired after a round of exercise and work. Homeopathy Dosage Unless directed by a homeopathic physician, take doses of low potency like 6X, 6C, 12X, 12C, 30X or 30 C if you are going in for self-medication. Follow the instructions printed on the label. If you are taking a single dose, ten wait for its response. If the medicine is working, then wait for its full effect to manifest. If there is little or no response, take another dose. If there is no response at all after taking the second dose then change the medicine. Please note that dosage depends upon the individual and the intensity of his/her ailment,
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Popular Questions & Answers

My wife had brain stroke in Feb 2015. She also suffers from osteoporosis. She is suffering from waist muscle spasm for the last 4 days. Should I give her Combiflam to relieve her pain.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 90% (3321 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Anaemia always leads to the symptoms of being tired that can also be reason to have frequent sprains in the leg once the oxygen levels in the blood comes down it automatically leads to improper functioning of the joints and muscles and that also might make the hip muscles to become tired thereby straining mildly might lead to waist / hip pain.
1 person found this helpful

I was prescribed by my rheumatologist Dr. in Chennai to take calcium with vitamin d3 daily to get rid of osteoporosis can I take twice daily twice a day.

Dr. Faiyaz Khan (Pt) 91% (288 ratings)
MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, Fellowship in Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (FOR)
Physiotherapist, Kolkata
Depends upon the composition of the medicine you take. Kindly send the name of the medicine Over dosage is harmful. Calcium can be taken upto 1200 mg a day. Vit D3 can be taken upto 15000 IU a day.

I am 70 years of age. I am suffering with osteoporosis. Now I feel pain in my right arm Rest of tests are OK. Please help.

Dr. Vp Trivedi 89% (374 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lucknow
U please take Lakshadi guggulu n Abha guggulu 2 tablets each twice a day with warm water for a long period say 2 months or more. U will feel relief. Chilled food stuffs like ice cream, Beer, chilled cold drinks or water should avoided.

I am 58 years old, suffering from osteoporosis. I am now limping in left leg. At the top of hip where leg joins at waist, having a pain, which is causing me limp. How can I get rid of the problem?

Dr. Mohd Alim 90% (1098 ratings)
M.P.T. (Neuro), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Lucknow
It may be due to osteoporosis or hip arthritis or hip synovitis. Go for hip and low back xray to rule out your problem

My mother's whole body swell up. When she check up from doctor he says that she has osteoporosis due which she fell pain in back and which cause body swell so I want to known this true reason for swell. Please reply.

Dr. N S S Gauri 94% (8331 ratings)
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Ayurveda, Kanpur
swelling and osteoporosis are different aspects for swelling take gokshuradi awleh 5 gm twice a day for osteoporosis take vatari avleh 5 gm twice a day
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The hard reality of soft drinks

Mr. Kishore D 88% (872 ratings)
Diploma in Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Secunderabad
Clearer soft drinks are healthier than the darker ones. True or False? Ace this simple quiz and know.
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