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Overview

Osteoporosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Osteopororsis is a medical condition which makes the bones brittle and weak. The bone gets so brittle that even a mild stress like falling, coughing and bending can cause a severe fracture. The fractures caused by Osteopororsis usually occur on the spine, wrist and hip. The bones in our body is constantly broken and replaced, during Osteopororsis, the bone fails to get replaced after breaking down. Osteopororsis affects both women and men, but Asian and white women, especially those who have passed their menopause are at a higher risk. Weight- bearing exercises, healthy diet and medications can strengthen weak bones and avoid bone loss.

Risk factors of Osteopororsis:

Unchangeable risks:

  • Age- According to studies, the older you are, the more prone you become in developing Osteopororsis.
  • Race- Being of Asian or white ancestry can put you at a greater risk of developing Osteopororsis.
  • Family history- Having a sibling or a parent with Osteopororsis can make you more susceptible in developing it.
  • Body frame- Women and men who have small body frames usually tend to develop Osteopororsis at a young age because their bone mass is very less as compared to people with a big body frame.

Hormone levels:

  • Sex hormones- Low sex hormones weaken the bones. Also less estrogen levels in women during menopause is the most common risk factor for developing Osteopororsis. The treatments used for prostate cancer can reduce estrogen and testosterone levels in men which can lead to bone loss density.
  • Thyroid problems- A lot of thyroid hormone can lead to bone loss. If you have an overactive thyroid, taking thyroid hormone medications to treat the thyroid can develop Osteopororsis.
  • Other glands- Osteoporosis can also be caused due to adrenal glands or an overactive parathyroid.

Dietary factors:

  • Low calcium intake- Lack of calcium plays a major role in Osteopororsis. Low calcium consumption contributes to increased risk of fractures, early loss of bones and low bone density.
  • Eating disorders- Restricting the consumption of food can severely weaken the bones in both women and men. People who have anorexia are more prone in developing Osteopororsis.
  • Gastrointestinal surgery- Surgery which reduces the size of your stomach or surgery to remove parts of the intestine can limit the level of area available to absorb nutrients like calcium.

Steroids:

  • Sometimes certain medications and steroids used to treat seizures, gastric reflux, cancer and transplant rejection can also contribute in developing Osteopororsis.
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Pain on the back bones Pain on the lower back Pain on the bones of the affected area Loss of height Bone fracture

Popular Health Tips

Osteoporosis - Top Homeopathic Remedies For Its Treatment!

Dr. Surendra Nath Tripathi 85% (53 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma In Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), MD - Homeopathy, Prof. Department of Matera Media
Homeopath, Bhopal
Osteoporosis - Top Homeopathic Remedies For Its Treatment!
Osteoporosis is a medical condition marked by a decrease in bone density. It results in the brittleness of bones and their fracture. Osteoporosis does not display any signs or symptoms but manifests itself in advanced age. Homeopathic remedies for Osteoporosis Silica or Silicea-This remedy is for people who are often nervous, feel sweaty during the night, get easily tired and are a highly nervous lot. The injuries of such people take the time to heal/ are difficult to heal and their spine is weak. Generally, these patients have delicate or refined features. Symphytum- Meant for those fractures that occur because of mild trauma, this remedy is useful in cases where pain persists in old but healed fractures and also when bones need to be strengthened. Calcarea carbonica- This remedy is administered to people who are overwhelmed by a lot of work and stress, get tired easily after work and have a proclivity to stress a lot. Generally, these people are overweight and have a lot of body flab and easily get depressed by cold/chilly weather and dampness in the air. They have swollen joints, experience a recurring back pain and get a sweaty head in the night. An interesting characteristic of these people is also that they have a craving for eggs and sweet things. Calcarea phosphorica- This remedy is meant for people who have a deep, uncontrollable and intense desire for travel. They want a change in their environment and have a general sense of dissatisfaction. People requiring this medication have pain in their neck, upper back and hips. Fractures, if any, are slow to heal and there maybe deposits of calcium in the bones. Post-exercise, these people feel greatly tired. Phosphorus- Meant for people who experience a burning pain between their shoulder blades, phosphorus as an osteoporosis remedy is given to those people who have an intense desire for refreshing foods like ice cream, beverages, carbonated drinks etc. Such people are usually lanky and their faces often get flushed. They are sensitive, suggestible and susceptible to the imagination. They get easily tired after a round of exercise and work. Homeopathy Dosage Unless directed by a homeopathic physician, take doses of low potency like 6X, 6C, 12X, 12C, 30X or 30 C if you are going in for self-medication. Follow the instructions printed on the label. If you are taking a single dose, ten wait for its response. If the medicine is working, then wait for its full effect to manifest. If there is little or no response, take another dose. If there is no response at all after taking the second dose then change the medicine. Please note that dosage depends upon the individual and the intensity of his/her ailment,
4 people found this helpful

Osteoporosis - Why Must You Go DEXA Scan?

Dr. Shekhar Srivastav 86% (10 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Osteoporosis - Why Must You Go DEXA Scan?
Osteoporosis is a disease that affects the bones of its sufferers. This is most commonly found in women, especially in those who are close to, or going through, menopause. Hormonal changes around this period in a woman's life usually lead to various changes in her body. One of these changes includes loss of bone tissue which can leave the patient with brittle and weak bones, a condition that is also known as osteoporosis. This condition literally imbibes the word porous, meaning hollow bones. It is born from an acute deficiency of calcium and vitamin d. The dexa scan or bone density test, also known as the dual energy x ray absorptiometry scan, is one of the most effective tests that can help you in detecting this kind of damage or thinning bones. Here's why. - fractures: the dexa scan is an important one because it sends low energy beams to areas like your joints and tissues to show how susceptible you are to fractures. It does so by measuring the strength of the tissues as well as the bones to see how brittle they may be. - other ailments: measuring the thinning of your bones can also point to the presence of other ailments that may have gone unnoticed or undetected, earlier. These can include kidney disease, hyperparathyroidism which happens due to overactive secretions of the said gland, as well as liver disease due a malfunctioning liver, intestinal disease and various disorders in the intestinal tract, and a serious vitamin d deficiency. With this scan, you can get an insight into the other parts of the body affected by the bone density, and whether or not they are functioning properly. ; - estrogen: simply checking the estrogen levels cannot ascertain whether or not you have osteoporosis, as a high estrogen level can be credited to a particularly heavy period cycle. It does not show the bone health the way a dexa scan does. - easy and standardised: this method of scanning usually happens with the help of a mounted x ray machine type, hand held gadget which can be extended to conduct the scan. This is an easy and standardised method that releases low levels of radiation which also makes it a healthier option. - bone density scores: the t scores and z scores point towards the bone density and help in diagnosing the condition efficiently. With a systematic scoring system, it is a sure shot test for osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a serious condition. The first step in treating the same is to get a detailed scan like the dexa scan done, so as to test the extent of the bone thinning to ensure that proper and timely treatment takes place. ;
2375 people found this helpful

Possible Reasons Behind Osteoporosis!

Dr. Deepak Kumar Arora 86% (151 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Delhi
Possible Reasons Behind Osteoporosis!
Your bone is a living tissue that constantly undergoes the cycle of breakage and replacement. Osteoporosis is a condition wherein the rate at which new bones form cannot match up to the worn out bones, thus making the bones fragile. Osteoporosis mainly affects the wrist, hip or spine and can result in a stooped posture accompanied by height shrinkage and back pain caused due to a collapsed vertebra. Reasons Behind Osteoporosis Hormones: Lowered estrogen level in women and testosterone in men as a result of ageing or other treatments can result in this condition. Excess thyroid secretion in the body, an overactive adrenalin gland or parathyroid gland can also accelerate bone loss. Women are more vulnerable to osteoporosis during menopause. Prolonged use of steroid: Prolonged use of injected or oral steroid medications such as cortisone or prednisone messes with the bone-building process. Medicines used to combat cancer, gastric reflux and seizures can be responsible as well. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions such as Rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, liver or kidney disease increases the risks of acquiring osteoporosis. Sedentary Lifestyle: A sedentary lifestyle with not much physical activity along with an excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco makes you susceptible to osteoporosis. Treatments for Osteoporosis: Medication: Commonly prescribed medicines for osteoporosis include vitamin D, Calcium, bisphosphonates such as Zoledronic acid, Ibandronate, Risedronate and Alendronate. However these medicines are not free of side-effects such as abdominal pain, nausea or heart burn. In case, your regular medicine doesn t work, you can use Denosumab and Teriparatide as alternatives but only after consulting your physician. Hormone Therapy: Estrogen therapy for women after menopause helps sustain bone density. However such procedures can escalate the dangers of getting afflicted with cancer, heart diseases or conditions such as blood clotting. Alternative Medicine: Ipriflavone, a laboratory manufactured product, when combined with calcium can curb chances of bone loss and alleviate pain
1438 people found this helpful

Osteoporosis - Strange Facts That Are Actually Myths!

Dr. Rajinder K. Sharma 91% (2989 ratings)
MBBS, D.O. Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedist, Chandigarh
Osteoporosis - Strange Facts That Are Actually Myths!
Life with Osteoporosis: Myths and Facts Osteoporosis is a commonly experienced condition where the bones tend to get thin and become hollow over time. This is a condition that is experienced mostly by people who are over the age of 50 years, and even more commonly by women who have been through menopause. Other risk factors include smoking as well as medication which can lead to such degenerative diseases as a side effect. Let us find out about living with osteoporosis and the many myths and facts surrounding the same- A Natural Part of Aging: This is a fact. While not everyone who ages will wind up with this condition, it is commonly experienced by patients who are growing old. One can resort to taking calcium supplements as well as plenty of Vitamin D in order to prevent the risk of fractures that are a common occurrence in such a condition where the bones become too hollow. Also, mild and moderate exercise will help the condition. Only Female Patients: This is a myth. While it is true that women form a major risk group when it comes to this condition, there are many men who also suffer from it. It has been demonstrated by various medical studies that one in every five men in the USA alone are prone to this condition. Furthermore, due to exercise, sports and other heavy manual work, young men are more likely to end up with a fractured bone than an aging woman. Worry only when you are Old: This is also a myth. One must remember that the major bone mass forms by the time a person hits the age of 18 to 20 years. This is the time when nutrition, exercise and lifestyles must be structured in a way that such troubles like osteoporosis will not follow you into the later years when your bones begin to age. Ample and strong bone mass nourished by proper habits, will help in preventing such conditions to a large extent. Fractures only happen if you Fall: This is another myth. It is important to keep in mind that living with a condition like osteoporosis means that you have to be vigilant at all times in your daily routine and other activities. Strain on the bones can also lead to fractures, and one does not necessarily have to fall down to get one. Leaning over too much can also lead to a fracture! You can feel the Degeneration: It is another myth that you can actually feel your bones getting weaker. Usually, there are no symptoms of this condition until it has progressed to a particularly painful stage in your life. The best way to find out if you are suffering from osteoporosis is by taking a bone density test.
1566 people found this helpful

Osteoporosis - Top Homeopathic Remedies That Can Help!

Dr. Geetanjali Karad 86% (112 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Osteoporosis - Top Homeopathic Remedies That Can Help!
Osteoporosis is a medical condition marked by a decrease in bone density. It results in the brittleness of bones and their fracture. Osteoporosis does not display any signs or symptoms but manifests itself in advanced age. Homeopathic remedies for Osteoporosis Silica or Silicea-This remedy is for people who are often nervous, feel sweaty during the night, get easily tired and are a highly nervous lot. The injuries of such people take the time to heal/ are difficult to heal and their spine is weak. Generally, these patients have delicate or refined features. Symphytum- Meant for those fractures that occur because of mild trauma, this remedy is useful in cases where pain persists in old but healed fractures and also when bones need to be strengthened. Calcarea carbonica- This remedy is administered to people who are overwhelmed by a lot of work and stress, get tired easily after work and have a proclivity to stress a lot. Generally, these people are overweight and have a lot of body flab and easily get depressed by cold/chilly weather and dampness in the air. They have swollen joints, experience a recurring back pain and get a sweaty head in the night. An interesting characteristic of these people is also that they have a craving for eggs and sweet things. Calcarea phosphorica- This remedy is meant for people who have a deep, uncontrollable and intense desire for travel. They want a change in their environment and have a general sense of dissatisfaction. People requiring this medication have pain in their neck, upper back and hips. Fractures, if any, are slow to heal and there maybe deposits of calcium in the bones. Post-exercise, these people feel greatly tired. Phosphorus- Meant for people who experience a burning pain between their shoulder blades, phosphorus as an osteoporosis remedy is given to those people who have an intense desire for refreshing foods like ice cream, beverages, carbonated drinks etc. Such people are usually lanky and their faces often get flushed. They are sensitive, suggestible and susceptible to the imagination. They get easily tired after a round of exercise and work. Homeopathy Dosage Unless directed by a homeopathic physician, take doses of low potency like 6X, 6C, 12X, 12C, 30X or 30 C if you are going in for self-medication. Follow the instructions printed on the label. If you are taking a single dose, ten wait for its response. If the medicine is working, then wait for its full effect to manifest. If there is little or no response, take another dose. If there is no response at all after taking the second dose then change the medicine. Please note that dosage depends upon the individual and the intensity of his/her ailment,
4406 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Is osteoporosis common in old age? What are the factors responsible for degeneration of bone at knee and joints, particularly in old age? Which precautions are to be taken to avoid pain in joints and knee?

Dr. Nishit Palo 94% (192 ratings)
ms orthopaedics, mbbs
Orthopedist, Noida
Yes osteoporosis is common in old age. Factors for degeneration: 1. Heavy weight. 2. Loss of elastic nature of menisci, ligaments etc. 3. Running, sports activities. 4. Varus deformities at knee. 5. Co existing conditions like diabetes, thyroid. Precautions: 1. Avoid squatting and using Indian lavatories. 2. Do continuous knee exercises. 3. Weight reduction and control of coexisting diseases.
2 people found this helpful

My mother knee is affected with oseroporis and she is 70 years old. Is there any way to remedy her oseroporis bone disorder other than surgery?

Dr. C.Srinivas Rao 88% (103 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Hyderabad
Hi! Your mother is best suitable to undergo Ayurveda therapies like JANU BASTHI helps in mobility and in pain relief. Do it once 3 months for 7 days as a maintenance for her knees.

My mother is of age 49, suffering from osteoporosis. Initially, she s suffering from joint pain for 15 years. But, neither the treatments are effective nor medicines.

Tarun 86% (39 ratings)
Bachelor of Physiotherapy, PGDEI, FNR, FSR
Physiotherapist, Zirakpur
Dear user osteoporosis is silent killer as it can cause fracture of spine, hip even with simple fall. Your mother should regularly take calcium and vitamin D 3 supplement along with food such as milk, curd, Almonds, raisin etc. These things will also reduce her joint pain. She need to do simple exercises also to reduce pain for which you should consult nearby Physiotherapist.

My wife aged 60 suffering from osteoporosis pain on legs, shoulders,pelvic bone joint n swelling over above ight waist. Used to take calcirol, sandicol, dilzem SR, ecosprin 75 20, is she required more medicine or let it b continued?

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 89% (4897 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Osteoporosis: Hot or cold compresses. Applying heat or cold may help. "Some people like heat, some like cold, Deal says. "Whatever feels best. Leg pain: If you have leg pain then you have to rule out the casues for having leg pain. First of all check your weight and your haemoglobin levels, as Anaemia always leads to the symptoms of being tired and also having leg pain though there are no issues with the knee joint or back pain. If not if the pain radiates down the back of thigh and legs then it might be due to sciatica. Kindly consult the nearby physiotherapist. Hope you recover soon from the leg pain. Shoulder pain: It is called as peri arthritis shoulder and for that you can do hot water fermentation and ice therapy at home. If you have shoulder pain then the stiffness will develop more that might make the arm to have less improvement which might make you to feel more pain the arm. And also cervical pillow can be used which might make you to have better posture of the shoulder neck and arm joint pain: You need to improve the tone of the muscles in a rhythmical manner. If you do that with proper diet restriction nothing will happen to you. Body pain is there after gym activity due to tiredness and you need to consume good protein and iron diet in your body which will help you to break the fatigue and body pain. You have to reduce the weight by walking minimum 3-4 kms per day. Slowly reduce the weight and slowly avoid adding salt in the diet which will help you to prevent water retention in the body. Excess salt in general leads to water retention in the body which might be the reason for you legs to pain as the leg will automatically become oedematous.

I am suffering from fsgs, almost 2 year before I had to take steroids for about 9 months due to which I got many side effects main was osteoporosis, my whole back bone from bottom to neck pains a lot all the time. Currently I am on ace inhibitor medicines which are working fine but I am still having that back problem which bothers me a lot. I am actually going through treatment of backbone too but they include exercises and nutrition supplements only as I can not have painkillers. Any suggestions? Any diet? Any particular exercise?

Dr. Jatin Soni 93% (29682 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Apart from taking symptomatic treatment Take tablet folvite 5mg once a day and tablet vitaminD (60000iu) once a week for six months and Few diet tips - Not to eat fried food items and Can eat All green vegetables, moong , chana , Dal , rice etc And to apply ghee over chappati and don’t apply oil over chappati And to drink milk mixed with turmeric powder twice a day And If possible eat eggs on alternate days And If possible in breakfast eat atleast one bajra ka rotla And Eat seasonal fruit

Health Quizzes

Preventing Gout And Osteoporosis With Homeopathy!

Dr. Prashant K Vaidya 84% (465 ratings)
Diploma in Gastroenterology, Diploma in Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Homeopathic medicine cannot be used to treat curvature of the spine in osteoporosis. True or false? Take the quiz to know now.
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51 people took this quiz

How to detect osteoporosis?

Dr. Nithin Kumar Bejjanki 89% (117 ratings)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), MBBS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
A bone density test should be conducted every 1 2 years. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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39 people took this quiz

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