Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Last Updated: Jan 30, 2020
Change Language

Psoriasis - Types, Symptom, Treatment And Home Remedies

About Types Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment Side effects Recovery Cost Cure Home remedies Alternatives

What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is the condition of the skin where the skin cells start to multiply at abnormal levels. Usually, cell regeneration occurs and balances with the dead skin cells. Since the skin cells start to develop abnormally, they rise to the top of your skin and die out leaving behind a red plaque covered with white scales. They typically occur on the knees, elbows and sometimes in your scalp. There are many reasons attributed to why skin cells behave abnormally. The common reason is that they are linked to the way your immune system performs.

This illness is characterized by over-multiplication of skin cells up to 10 times faster than normal growth. As dead underlying cells reach the skin’s surface, their voluminous accumulation causes raised, red plaques that gets covered with white scales. This disease typically happens on the elbows, knees and scalp. Psoriasis can also affect the palms, torso and soles of the feet. Psoriasis, can also at time be found associated with psoriatic arthritis, which leads to swelling and pain in the joints. It is estimated that in India there is 10 to 30 per cent of people who have psoriasis also are sufferers of psoriatic arthritis.

What are the different types of psoriasis?

Psoriasis can happen for several reasons ranging from trauma, emotional stress to streptococcal infection. A recent study of this disease has indicated that some abnormality in the immune system is the factor that triggers this disease. There are five different types of psoriasis:

  • Plaque psoriasis: It is a type of psoriasis which gives red, raised patches on the skin. These are covered by silvery dead skin cells.
  • Guttate psoriasis: It causes small red spots on the skin. This occurs after the patient has gone ill.
  • Inverse psoriasis: This type of psoriasis usually occurs in the skin folds. It causes sore and red patches of the skin.
  • Pustular psoriasis: This type of psoriasis causes pus-filled bumps on the palms and soles. These are painful and itchy at the same time. It causes flu-type symptoms which include fever, dizziness, loss of appetite etc.
  • Erythrodermic psoriasis: It resembles a severe sunburn as it makes the skin bright red. In this type of psoriasis which causes fast heart rate, itching and pain. It is to be mentioned that this is an emergency condition which should be consulted to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of psoriasis?

  • Patches of inflamed and red skin that are covered by slivery, loose scales. They may be painful, itchy and can even crack and bleed at times.
  • The fingernails and toenails may become pitted and change colour. They also may get began to crumble or get detached from the nail beds.
  • Scales and patches or crust may form on the head of the psoriasis patients.

What are the causes of psoriasis?

The exact cause of psoriasis is not known but there could be many other factors which can cause psoriasis.

  1. Immune system: Our immune system helps to keep us safe from infections of viruses and bacteria but if something goes wrong then our system starts working the opposite. Researchers believe that the immune system is one of the reasons for psoriasis. When our immune system is working overactive then it creates inflammation inside the body. A large number of healthy cells are produced. These excess cells then start coming on the surface of the skin very quickly. These piled up skin cells you see on your skin is psoriasis. It is red in colour and causes inflammation in the skin.
  2. Hormonal changes: During puberty or menopause, this issue can be seen on the skin. If you are a pregnant woman, then there are chances of you getting psoriasis. Once the delivery is done, you might again see it on the surface of the skin.
  3. Alcohol: People who drink regularly are high on risk, especially younger men. It is also to be mentioned that alcohol also makes treatment less effective.
  4. Medications: Some medications like Lithium (which treats bipolar disorder and mental illness), high blood pressure medicines ( including propranolol, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, quinidine), Antimalarial medicines (including chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, Plaquenil and quinacrine) may increase the chances for psoriasis more.
  5. HIV: Patients who are suffering from HIV are more prone to psoriasis. But, as soon as you start treatment for HIV, you will see yourself better.
  6. Sunlight: A little sunlight is good for health as it provides natural vitamin D to the body. But sometimes, sunburn can make the condition worse so, it is recommended to take proper care of your skin before going out in the sun.

How to diagnose psoriasis?

Your doctor may examine that are you having psoriasis or if you have plaques on ears, nails, elbow, scalp, belly button and knees or not. If the doctor is still unclear, then he will take a small sample of your skin which is known as a biopsy. Later, it will be sent to a lab and the sample of your skin will be examined under the microscope. This will make it clear which type of psoriasis do you have or what other kinds of infection or disease you are suffering from.

How psoriasis is treated?

As stated earlier the treatment plan aims to stop your skin cells from multiplying first. Later the treatment would focus on getting your skin back in shape. To achieve this, there can be a combination of multiple treatments done at the same time. Your doctor would test the nature of your skin and identify the potential cause for it before imparting the treatments. The most common methods would be the usage of topical creams. They are ointment based and are applied to your raw skin and in your affected area. The results can be slow, but however, this treatment works effectively in 60% of the cases.

These ointments can be a combination of salicylic acid, coal tar, anthralin, etc. Light therapy can also work against the exploitation of the skin cells. These treatments use natural or artificial UV light over the skin to control cell expansion.

Your doctor will guide you on the type of light to use and the amount of exposure you would require. In some cases, you might be undertaking oral medications or injected medications to prevent the flare-up. It should be noted that not all these drugs work on everyone. Hence care should be taken to first identify the skin type you have and your health condition before getting these drugs. You can discuss and consult with your doctor about these medications in detail.

Who would need treatment for psoriasis?

People who have been diagnosed with Psoriasis can be qualified for the treatment. It is always better to treat the symptoms of Psoriasis from the simplest means like topical creams and UV light therapy and go to advanced means. The aim of the treatment is to curb the skin cells from growing quickly and to reduce the inflammation. They also aim to reduce the scales to the maximum permissible limits.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Topical creams can be had by every individual. However, for advanced medications and procedures do consult with your doctor about the type of therapy you would prefer. Also, discuss with your doctor about your allergic symptoms and get the drugs and medications that are best suited for you. Some of the drugs used can be strong. Hence it is always better to consult your doctor before taking any medications on your own.

What are the side effects of psoriasis treatment?

It could depend on your skin type and the possibility of other medical condition you might have. Topical creams that smoothen your skin are mild and do not have any side effects. However, if you are going for advanced procedures, there are chances that it might cause some allergic reactions in you. However, most of the treatment for Psoriasis is considered safe and has been perfected for years. You can check with your doctor if you have concerns.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post the treatment your skin can still have some leftover symptoms from the treatment. You might be advised to use a mild skin moisturizer and to keep your skin free of blemishes. Though sunlight can be good for your skin, overexposure can be harmful. Hence check with your doctor about the correct exposure and take care of your skin accordingly. Also, ensure that your keep skin clean of impurities by having regular cleaning with soap and water.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery period depends on your skin type and the nature of the treatment used. For some individuals, the results can be immediate, whereas for some individuals the effect can take some time. The doctor would initially check how well you are responding to the treatment and make some changes if the desired results are not got.

What is the cost of psoriasis treatment in India?

In India, the cost of the treatments depends on the type of clinic or medical centre you choose. The average price can start from INR 1000 and can go up depending on the kind of treatment. When choosing the medical centre, choose a clinic with a good reputation.

Is psoriasis curable?

Alternative treatments can include psoriasis treatment in homoeopathy. the usage of a special diet and dietary supplements plays a major role. Aloe Vera gel is known to have antioxidant properties. Hence you can consider using it. Also, fish oil is known to reduce the symptoms to an extent. You can also try using herbal creams for a brief period and look at the results after consulting with your doctor.

What are the home remedies for psoriasis?

As a home remedy for this disease, applying a thick cream or lotion, then stop the moisture with an ointment like petroleum jelly or olive oil helps in alleviating the conditions of this illness. It’s because dry skin makes the itching and irritation become worse. However, using too thick a cream during the summer months because sweat mixed with cream often makes psoriasis worse. Another kitchen remedy for psoriasis is to wrap your skin with plastic or a bandage before going to bed and wash the areas gently with cold water in the morning.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Alternative treatments can include psoriasis treatment in homoeopathy and psoriasis treatment in Ayurveda. The usage of a special diet and dietary supplements plays a crucial role.

Key Highlights about psoriasis treatment:

Safety: High

Effectiveness: High

Timeliness: Medium

Relative Risk: Low

Side Effects: Low

Recovery Time: Medium

Price Range: RS. 1000 and above

Popular Questions & Answers

I was suffering from psoriasis last 1 year, recently doctor prescribed 1 tab (acrotac 25 mg) after using tablet its going to increase, so what I have to do.

DNB (Dermatology), MBBS, Diploma in Trichology - Cosmetology
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Hi lybrate-user! psoriasis is a chronic auto immune inflammatory disorder affecting skin, hair,nails and joints. It is a disease with relapses and remissions. Depending on the body surface area involved and severity, medicines will be prescribed. ...

I have scalp psoriasis from past one and half years. I used methotrexate tablets, moisturex cream, protar k shampoos but didn't get results. Kindly suggest treatment. Recently the psoriasis spread to all over my body. On forehead and ears the patches and scars are spread very worstly.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
One form of psoriasis can get converted into the other. It is not uncommon to spread to whole body. There are other good treatment options available which you have to take after consultation only. Consult for private video consultation or book thr...

Hello Doctor, this is the current situation of my dad. He has got a kind of skin disease which has spread in his hands and fingers which according to different dermatologists it can be psoriasis, eczema, or dermatitis. The symptoms are as the following: water blisters, very itchy skin, scaly and swollen fingers, skin that bleeds, cracks, is painful, red and crusty. Most of the doctors ask him if he uses detergents or solvents frequently which is a clear "no! the doctors have prescribed him lots of ointments such as lippu ointment, verdura intense moisturizing lotion, dermalibourrepairing cream, dermovate,777 oil which has to apply and place his hands in the sun for 5 minutes, psorolina medicated bathing bar to wash his hands, bioderma,beclomin ointment, candiderma ointment and finally anti bio tics pills. None have been helpful and effective. My dad is still suffering and it's becoming really painful. This has been the case for 4 years, sometimes the disease calms down and go away but then it comes back. I really need the proper and right information about that disease and its cure. Thanking you in advance.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL)
Dermatologist, Lucknow
Whether he is having psoriasis dermatitis or eczema all these 3 diseases are treatbale. If he is not controlled in topicals and otherwise with no other medical problems he can be put on systemic treatment. The disease require regular treatment and...
1 person found this helpful

Merko genteal psoriasis hai please merko koi medicine batao I am 23 years old still im student I hvnt money now for go to doctor for consult and I scare to share this problem with my parents please give me some tips for treatment plz.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
it may be fungus..Fungal infection or Ring worm.. when occurs in groin, called as jock itch.. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds..It's mostly circular or round in appearance.. May be red or black in colour.. ...
2 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Dry Skin - 5 Things That Can Cause It!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Dry Skin - 5 Things That Can Cause It!
It s needless to say, that your skin is the first line of defense against all natural elements like the wind, sun and the cold. But when you have dry skin, it s a real uncomfortable condition and it can happen for a plethora of reasons. Dry skin, ...
1420 people found this helpful

Nail Psoriasis - How To Know If You Are Suffering From It?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Surat
Nail Psoriasis - How To Know If You Are Suffering From It?
Psoriasis, in general, is a persistent autoimmune condition that causes the speedy development of skin cell. This increase in the number of cells causes unhealthy scales on the surface of the skin. Symptoms of nail psoriasis Symptoms to watch out ...
4808 people found this helpful

Pityriasis Amiantacea - A Guide!

MBBS
Dermatologist, Pune
Pityriasis Amiantacea - A Guide!
Pityriasis amiantacea is a disorder of the scalp. Some of the visible signs of this condition include adherent, silver, thick scales. The scales resemble the color of the asbestos and often surrounds the tufts of hair. While the condition is manag...
4320 people found this helpful

Psoriasis - Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

Dermatologist,Cosmetologist,Venerologist &Sexologist
Dermatologist, Visakhapatnam
Psoriasis - Types, Symptoms, and Treatment
Psoriasis is a common autoimmune disorder of the skin that results in the formation of thickened and elevated plaques of cells that remain covered by scales (loose, whitish-silver scales). In psoriasis, the skin cells multiply at an alarming rate ...
2565 people found this helpful

Fungal Infection - 8 Things That Put You At Risk!

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Fungal Infection - 8 Things That Put You At Risk!
Fungal skin diseases are brought about by various sorts of fungi and are the main reasons behind an irritated skin. Fungi attack and develop in dead keratin, a protein that makes up your skin, hair and nails. The various sorts of fungal diseases a...
2487 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MD - Dermatology,FCPS - Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy,MBBS
Dermatology
Play video
Psoriasis
Hi, I am Dr Rohot Goel and I am an Ayurvedic Dermatologist. I have treated so many cases of Psoriasis leucoderma, chronic eczema, successfully in Ayurveda. Here we are discussing Psoriasis. Psoriasis is a non contagious skin disorder. causes due t...
Play video
Psoriasis - Permanent Cure Of It!
Psoriasis is a noncontagious, chronic skin disease that produces plaques of thickened, scaly skin. The dry flakes of silvery-white skin scales result from the excessively rapid proliferation of skin cells.
Play video
Ayurvedic Treatment For Psoriasis
Namskar Doston! Mai Dr. Tanuj Veerbhan, Senior Consultant, Sanjivani Ayurvedashram, Ghaziabad se. Aaj hum baat krenge psoriasis ke bare me. Sabse pehle hume ye janna hai, psoriasis actual me hota kya hai. Dekhiye, psoriasis ek skin disease hai. Sk...
Play video
Psoriasis
Homeopathy Gives Permanent Cure for Psoriasis
Play video
Know More About Psoriasis
Psoriasis - Causes, symptoms and Homeopathic treatment
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice